CN104782373A - Imitative wild ecology tree planting type cultivation method for dendrobium officinale and cultivation medium manure thereof - Google Patents

Imitative wild ecology tree planting type cultivation method for dendrobium officinale and cultivation medium manure thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104782373A
CN104782373A CN201510190611.1A CN201510190611A CN104782373A CN 104782373 A CN104782373 A CN 104782373A CN 201510190611 A CN201510190611 A CN 201510190611A CN 104782373 A CN104782373 A CN 104782373A
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tree
dendrobium officinale
cultivation
dendrobium
trunk
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CN201510190611.1A
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戴圣利
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戴圣利
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Abstract

The invention discloses an imitative wild ecology tree planting type cultivation method for dendrobium officinale. The cultivation method includes the steps that roots of dendrobium officinale seedlings are bound to a tree trunk of a living body tree for planting through straw ropes, or hemp ropes, or plastic shading meshes and moss; after the roots of the dendrobium officinale seedlings enter the tree trunk of the living body tree, cultivation medium manure contained in mesh bags is wound around the roots of the dendrobium officinale seedlings to be fixed to the tree trunk of the living body tree and used for providing a nutrient and sterilization guarantee; according to a formula, the cultivation medium manure comprises 30-40% of rough pine barks, 10-15% of crushed stone, 5-12% of oilseed rape cakes, 10-15% of oil-tea camellia cakes, 10-15% of dung of silkworms, 5-10% of soya-bean cakes and 5-10% of sheep manure. Diseases and insect pests of the dendrobium officinale are completely eradicated, and pure ecological organic cultivation of the dendrobium officinale without applying fertilizer or pesticides all the life of the dendrobium officinale is achieved truly, so that edible safety is ensured, the diseases and insect pests are few, management is convenient, the cost is saved by approximately a half, and double good harvests of tree fruits and the dendrobium officinale are achieved.

Description

Imitative wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method and cultivation matrix fertilizer thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivation method of dendrobium candidum, specifically relate to a kind of dendrobium candidum and imitate wild ecological cultivation method and cultivation matrix fertilizer thereof.
Background technology
The stem of noble dendrobium can be divided into yellow grass, Jin Chai, horsewhip etc. several, dendrobium candidum (formal name used at school Dendrobiumofficinale), has another name called ribbed hedyotis herb, belongs to aerial orchid section, herbaceous plant.Dendrobium candidum is the superfine product of the stem of noble dendrobium, and it is gained the name because epidermis is iron green.The stem of noble dendrobium arrives the present from ancient times, and medical value is powerful." in main wound, except numbness, lower gas, tonifying five zang organs consumptive disease is thin thin, reinforcing yin essence, takes thick stomach for a long time, makes light of one's life by commiting suicide and prolong life to say the stem of noble dendrobium in " herbal classic "." " clearing stomach, except abnormal heat, is promoted the production of body fluid except strain to say the stem of noble dendrobium in supplementary Amplifications of the Compendium of Materia Medica.With for tea, Appetizing spleen-tonifying." in Taoism in bent " Taoist Scriptures ", dendrobium candidum is listed in first of China's " nine immortals grass ".The saying more having " wild ginseng establishing-Yang, dendrobium candidum enriching yin " among the people.Past people often by the disease population of the Normal juice of fresh dendrobium candidum feeding extremely feeble, can make it slowly recover.Therefore, dendrobium candidum is otherwise known as " the celestial grass of help ".Clinically, the stem of noble dendrobium is used for treatment the moon and hinders body fluid deficiency, dry polydipsia, and food is few dryly to be driven, abnormal heat after being ill, and the order secretly disease such as not clear.Modern medicine confirms, containing the nutrition that dendrobine, dendramine, amino acid, cupreol etc. more than ten kind are useful to human body in dendrobium candidum, has antipyretic town sick, hypotensive, promotes effect of gastric secretion.
Dendrobium officinale only grows between the back precipice seam on overhanging cliff or on the large tree of virgin forest, and is close to harsh to the requirement of the microclimate such as temperature, humidity, illumination of its growing environment, and it breeds difficulty, and reproduction coefficient is low, and growth is slow.Dendrobium officinale is classified as two class protective plants by country and forbids excavating, and because dendrobium officinale resource is not effectively protected, fell serious, its resource is increasingly exhausted.At present, dendrobium candidum is based on artificial cultivation, and the quality good and the bad is uneven.Along with the progressively enhancing of people's health care consciousness, to the fresh bar of dendrobium candidum and the Tiepi Fengdou that processed by its fresh bar, supply falls short of demand in domestic and international market.Wenzhou District of Zhejiang Province Ruian is located in the Zhe Nan shore of Dong Hai, and rainfall is abundant, and weather is moistening, and its mountain area, upper level area are large, and the forest is dense, is conducive to the growth of imitative wild state dendrobium candidum.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, and Growth of Dendrobium candidum is stable, output quality imitative wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method and cultivation matrix fertilizer thereof preferably to provide one to make.
Object of the present invention realizes by following technical solution: imitative wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method is: first, use straw rope, the rope made of hemp or plastics shade net to be tied up by the root of dendrobium candidum seedling together with moss and plant on the trunk of live body tree; After in the trunk that the root of this dendrobium candidum seedling enters live body tree, the cultivation matrix fertilizer re-using mesh bag dress is wrapped in the root of this dendrobium candidum and is fixed on by dendrobium candidum on trunk that live body sets, for it provides nutrition, sterilization guarantee.
Have the cultivation matrix fertilizer that described imitative wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method adopts, its formula is by weight percentage: thick pine bark 30-40%, rubble 10-15%, rape cake 5-12%, Oil-tea-cake 10-15%, silkworm excrement 10-15%, soya-bean cake 5-10%, sheep excrement 5-10%.
After adopting the present invention, this tree cultivating method is warm, moistening for its growth provides, illumination less, suitably ventilative, root system are breathed freely, well-drained growing environment, meets the happiness cool place needed for Growth of Dendrobium candidum, moist, ventilative habit completely.This cultivation matrix fertilizer both can be used as base manure, can utilize again the principle of its long-acting bactericidal deinsectization, thus thoroughly stopped all damage by disease and insect of dendrobium candidum, really realized the object of the dendrobium candidum not pure ecological organic farming of agricultural chemicals to fertilize throughout one's life.Thus guarantee edible safety, damage by disease and insect is few, convenient management, and cost-saving nearly half, realize the bumper harvests of tree fruit income, dendrobium candidum income, forest economy benefit is greatly enhanced.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
The present invention imitates wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method: first, plant when 3-4 month in spring, use straw rope, the rope made of hemp or plastics shade net (or similar straw rope) and moss to be tied up by the root (radical of about 80-90%) of dendrobium candidum seedling (for 2-3 training seedling) together to carry out on the trunk (general trunk diameter is more than 10 centimetres) of live body tree and plant that (dendrobium candidum seed is liftoff is 35-70 centimetre, should towards the back; Period, fine day waters fog once general every day, and can not to this live body tree to fertilize, Samburu agricultural chemicals, general adding bottom it, covers lime insect protected), after (spring should be 15-20 days when the 3-4 month plants) in the trunk that the root of this dendrobium candidum seedling enters live body tree, the cultivation matrix fertilizer re-using mesh bag dress is wrapped in the root of this dendrobium candidum and is fixed on by dendrobium candidum on the trunk of live body tree, for its provide nutrition assurance (period, fine day waters fog and once keep matrix fertilizer moistening general every day; Once special nutrient solution is sprayed every a period of time), just can produce after being generally December (vegetative period of about 10 months) or January in the coming year then and pluck.Growth of Dendrobium candidum habit is shady and cool, moist, ventilative for liking, and warm, moistening, the few illumination of its needs, suitably ventilative, root system are breathed freely, well-drained growing environment.Described live body tree is live body strawberry tree, snow pear tree, China fir or persimmon, the diameter of its trunk is more than 10 centimetres, and its bark is thick, have (a little) crack, implants to facilitate the root of dendrobium candidum seedling.
A kind of cultivation matrix fertilizer that there is described imitative wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method and adopt, its formula is by weight percentage: thick pine bark 30-40%, rubble 10-15%, rape cake 5-12%, Oil-tea-cake 10-15%, silkworm excrement (i.e. silkworm faeces) 10-15%, soya-bean cake (soya bean or white peas or beans cake) 5-10%, sheep excrement 5-10%, and macerates ripe 2-3 month through fermentation.Cultivation matrix fertilizer does not generally need to change, as conserving water and soil, bactericidal action.Its objective is and both can be used as base manure, the principle of its long-acting bactericidal deinsectization can be utilized again, thoroughly stop all damage by disease and insect of dendrobium candidum, really realize the object of the dendrobium candidum not pure ecological organic farming of agricultural chemicals to fertilize throughout one's life.

Claims (3)

1. imitative wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method, is characterized in that: first, uses straw rope, the rope made of hemp or plastics shade net to be tied up by the root of dendrobium candidum seedling together with moss and plant on the trunk of live body tree; After in the trunk that the root of this dendrobium candidum seedling enters live body tree, the cultivation matrix fertilizer re-using mesh bag dress is wrapped in the root of this dendrobium candidum and is fixed on by dendrobium candidum on trunk that live body sets, for it provides nutrition, sterilization guarantee.
2. wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method as claimed in claim 1 imitative, is characterized in that: described live body tree is live body strawberry tree, snow pear tree, China fir or persimmon, the diameter of its trunk is more than 10 centimetres, and its bark is thick, have crack.
3. there is the cultivation matrix fertilizer that imitative wild state tree cultivation formula officinal dendrobium stem plantation method according to claim 1 adopts, it is characterized in that: its formula is by weight percentage: thick pine bark 30-40%, rubble 10-15%, rape cake 5-12%, Oil-tea-cake 10-15%, silkworm excrement 10-15%, soya-bean cake 5-10%, sheep excrement 5-10%.
CN201510190611.1A 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Imitative wild ecology tree planting type cultivation method for dendrobium officinale and cultivation medium manure thereof Pending CN104782373A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104016A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-02 宁波德健生物科技有限公司 Facility for planting Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo in photovoltaic power station and planting method of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo
CN105367324A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-02 安徽霍山县药王谷林农科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer for dendrobium huoshanense and preparation method thereof
CN105612989A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-06-01 安徽霍山县松鹤堂中药材有限公司 Method for planting dendrobium huoshanense at high altitude
CN105638401A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-06-08 安徽霍山县松鹤堂中药材有限公司 Underwood planting method for dendrobium huoshanense
CN105875167A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-24 云南斛健庄园生物科技有限公司 Symbiotic planting method for ancient tea trees and dendrobium
CN105948839A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-09-21 浙江省农业科学院 Preparation and application method of organic fertilizer specially used for dendrobium officinale
CN106258962A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 广东光宇生物科技有限公司 The culture medium of a kind of Herba Dendrobii and cultural method thereof
CN106922492A (en) * 2015-12-29 2017-07-07 锦屏县致富中药材种植农民专业合作社 A kind of method that dendrobium candidum is planted on Chinese fir
CN107197756A (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-09-26 霍山五桂峡石斛有限公司 A kind of growing dendrobium material
CN108739247A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-06 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 A kind of matrix and preparation method thereof for the cultivation of nature selenium-enriched officinal dendrobium stem

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103548652A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-05 贵州沿河乌江生物科技发展有限公司 Rapid tree cultivation method for dendrobium candidum tissue-culture bottle seedlings
CN104054495A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-09-24 何寒 Dendrobium candidum planting method
CN104303967A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-28 安徽霍山鹏泽生物科技有限公司 Method for planting Dendrobium huoshanense on tree

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103548652A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-05 贵州沿河乌江生物科技发展有限公司 Rapid tree cultivation method for dendrobium candidum tissue-culture bottle seedlings
CN104054495A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-09-24 何寒 Dendrobium candidum planting method
CN104303967A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-28 安徽霍山鹏泽生物科技有限公司 Method for planting Dendrobium huoshanense on tree

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104016A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-02 宁波德健生物科技有限公司 Facility for planting Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo in photovoltaic power station and planting method of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo
CN105367324A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-02 安徽霍山县药王谷林农科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer for dendrobium huoshanense and preparation method thereof
CN105612989A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-06-01 安徽霍山县松鹤堂中药材有限公司 Method for planting dendrobium huoshanense at high altitude
CN105638401A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-06-08 安徽霍山县松鹤堂中药材有限公司 Underwood planting method for dendrobium huoshanense
CN106922492A (en) * 2015-12-29 2017-07-07 锦屏县致富中药材种植农民专业合作社 A kind of method that dendrobium candidum is planted on Chinese fir
CN105948839A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-09-21 浙江省农业科学院 Preparation and application method of organic fertilizer specially used for dendrobium officinale
CN107197756A (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-09-26 霍山五桂峡石斛有限公司 A kind of growing dendrobium material
CN105875167A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-24 云南斛健庄园生物科技有限公司 Symbiotic planting method for ancient tea trees and dendrobium
CN106258962A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 广东光宇生物科技有限公司 The culture medium of a kind of Herba Dendrobii and cultural method thereof
CN108739247A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-06 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 A kind of matrix and preparation method thereof for the cultivation of nature selenium-enriched officinal dendrobium stem

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Application publication date: 20150722