CN104261913A - Process of preparing pig manure bio-organic fertilizer by microbial fermentation method - Google Patents

Process of preparing pig manure bio-organic fertilizer by microbial fermentation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104261913A
CN104261913A CN201410514541.6A CN201410514541A CN104261913A CN 104261913 A CN104261913 A CN 104261913A CN 201410514541 A CN201410514541 A CN 201410514541A CN 104261913 A CN104261913 A CN 104261913A
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fermentation
parts
bio
pig manure
organic fertilizer
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CN201410514541.6A
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CN104261913B (en
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董书阁
侯文杰
代书强
段智岗
赵建伟
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青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B3/00Fertilisers based essentially on di-calcium phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F7/00Fertilisers from waste water, sewage sludge, sea slime, ooze or similar masses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a process of preparing a pig manure bio-organic fertilizer by a microbial fermentation method. The process comprises the following step: by taking the pig manure as a raw material and supplementing straws, earthworm cast, seaweeds, and the like, performing a two-step fermentation process of a biological fermenting agent to prepare the pig manure bio-organic fertilizer. The process is high in resource utilization degree, easy for large-scale industrial production, beneficial to realizing resource utilization of live pig breeding wastes and capable of a pig breeding environmental pollution problem at present. The pig manure bio-organic fertilizer has the effects of the bio-organic fertilizer and the seaweed fertilizer, is rich in functional active ingredients of seaweeds and a large number of probiotics, capable of effectively regulating equilibrium of microorganisms in soil, decomposing organic or inorganic components such as organic substances and mineral substances in the soil, eliminating soil hardening, desertification, salinization and the like caused by abuse of a chemical fertilizer throughout the year, increasing the yield of crops, and has the special effects of improving the quality of the crops and improving the stress resistance of the crops. Besides, the pig manure bio-organic fertilizer is long in acting period, and is an ideal fertilizer for developing green ecological agriculture.

Description

A kind of technique utilizing microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technique that a kind of recycling pig manure produces fertilizer, particularly a kind of take pig manure as the method that highly effective biological organic fertilizer prepared by raw material, belongs to fertilizer manufacture field.
Background technology
Along with the development of China's livestock industry, pig industry obtains larger progress, and China has become the big country of raising pigs in the whole world first.According to State Statistics Bureau, the annual feeding live pig total amount (amount of delivering for sale and breeding stock) of current China has exceeded 1,000,000,000.The development of pig industry, is meeting people's demand growing to pork gradually, but while development, is also faced with the problem that some become increasingly conspicuous.In recent years, large―scale hoggery increases gradually, and it is fewer and feweri to raise family scattered, pattern of raising pigs has been raised scattered by rural area and has been changed intensive pig production into, the swill that the food of pig is also left by people changes unified feed into, the enormous amount of pig manure, and ight soil is day by day serious to the pollution of environment.Feces of livestock and poultry causes the pollution of underground water, and content of microorganisms exceeds standard, and hazardous and noxious substances seriously exceeds the holding capacity of environment; Meanwhile, to the pollution of air also clearly, the obnoxious flavour such as ammonia, sulfurous gas increases ight soil; And feces of livestock and poultry causes the problem such as soil acidification, heavy-metal residual.Country 12 planning, the year environmental ecology plan of each place government clearly propose to reduce the pollution of livestock and poultry feces discharge to environment, point out to grab as emphasis controlling excrement dirt discharge.How effectively to process the pollution of feces of livestock and poultry, develop a circular economy, efficiency utilization feces of livestock and poultry and turning waste into wealth, become China's Economic development urgent problem.
Containing a large amount of elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus in pig manure, it is a kind of nutritious organic fertilizer.At present in the Fertilizer Transformed application of pig manure, technique mainly contains convection drying, Natural compost and microbial inoculant fermentation etc.Microbial inoculant fermentation is by adding functional microorganism on the basis of compost, beneficial microorganism is utilized to breed rapidly replacement indigenous microorganism, regulating compost Bacterial community, improve beneficial microorganism active, forming the complicated and stable ecosystem by mutually acting synergistically between each bacterial classification.Its advantage is can the organic material such as fast decoupled ight soil and stalk and produce heat energy, organic materials temperature is raised rapidly, suppresses or kill harmful microorganism, improve degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed, preparation biological organic fertilizer truly.But still there is the drawbacks such as foul odour is serious, heavy-metal residual is high, degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed is low, fermentation period is long in current microbial inoculant zymotechnique in the application of pig manure Fertilizer Transformed.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of technique utilizing microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, this process resource producing level is high, be easy to large-scale industrial production, contribute to realizing pig breeding waste recycling, solve the pig breeding environment existed at present and pollute and highly effective biological organic fertilizer shortage two hang-ups.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
The invention provides a kind of technique utilizing microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that specifically comprising the following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 8 ~ 10 parts of sorbent materials, 3 ~ 5 parts of monocalcium phosphates, 6 ~ 8 parts of fermented bean dregs, 10 ~ 15 parts of rice brans, 10 ~ 15 portions of Semen Maydis powder, 3 ~ 5 parts of rapeseed cakes, 10 ~ 15 parts of wheat brans, 2 ~ 3 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 ~ 2 part of aspergillus niger, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobically fermenting 7 ~ 10d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: pig manure 60 ~ 70 parts, stalk 20 ~ 30 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 5 ~ 10 parts, wormcast 10 ~ 20 parts, bio-fermentation agent 3 ~ 5 parts, cellulase 1 ~ 2 part of ratio mix in mass ratio, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 10 ~ 12d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add 10 ~ 20%(mass ratio) marine alga, 5 ~ 10%(mass ratio) alcohol active mud, 2 ~ 3%(mass ratio) lactobacillus powder, 1 ~ 2%(mass ratio) subtilis powder, 1 ~ 2%(mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mix, about adjusting moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses water solution;
(5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 3 ~ 5d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock pulverizer to pulverize the material completing Secondary Fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) granulation: carry out disc granulation to granulating disc by through fermentation and the mass transport after pulverizing;
(8) dry: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fertilizer finished product about 12% ~ 15%.
Sorbent material described in above-mentioned steps (1) is one or more in zeolite, gac, wilkinite, vermiculite.
Above-mentioned stalk is one or more in straw, wheat stalk, maize straw, green grass.
Above-mentioned marine alga refers to one or more in sea-tangle, Enteromorpha, sea lettuce etc.
The invention provides a kind of technique utilizing microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, product utilization pig manure is raw material, is aided with stalk, wormcast, marine alga etc., is obtained by the two stage fermentation technique of bio-fermentation agent.Quality product meets the regulation of NY525-2011, and induced worm egg death rate and coliform number index meet the requirement of NY884.
The invention provides a kind of technique utilizing microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, product has effect of bio-organic fertilizer and marine alga fertilizer concurrently, fertilizer product is rich in marine alga functional active components and a large amount of probiotic bacterium, effectively can regulate the balance of Soil Microorganism, decompose the organic or inorganic composition such as organic matter, mineral substance in soil, eliminate dependence chemical fertilizer throughout the year and abuse the soil compaction, desertification, salinization etc. that cause, effectively improve soil, improve farm crop production capacity; In addition product is nutritious, and the nutrient action period is long, has Crop Improvement quality, and improving the special efficacy of crop anti-adversity, is a kind of excellent soil improvement agent and crop growth accelerant, is the desirable fertilizer of development green ecological agricultural.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: one is that the present invention adopts multiple-microorganism composite anaerobic fermentation pig manure to produce highly effective biological organic fertilizer, first passes through the strong adsorption of physical absorbent in pig manure mixing process, can active adsorption NH 3, H 2s, CH 4deng more than 10 kinds of foul gass, then by the fermentative action of microorganism, make pig manure deodorization with the form of dehydrogenation, deodorizing effect is better; Two is with the addition of the auxiliary materials such as stalk, the peat composed of rotten mosses, wormcast in During High-Temperature Composting fermenting process, and test-results shows NH in pig manure 3clearance be greater than 95.71%, H 2the clearance of S is greater than 96.45%, comparatively control group (direct microbial inoculant fermentation) improves 94.51%, 141.36% respectively, difference reaches pole conspicuous level (P<0.01), effectively achieves the object of pig manure fermentative deodorizing and guarantor's nitrogen; Three is that pig manure becomes thoroughly decomposed fast fully, and when reaching the 10th day when fermenting, seed germination index is 88.2%, and comparatively control group shifts to an earlier date 17 days, shows that the present invention slow down fermentation time, is conducive to reducing production cost, promotes suitability for industrialized production; Four is with the addition of marine alga in two stage fermentation process, and product has effect of bio-organic fertilizer and marine alga fertilizer concurrently, and fertilizer efficiency is good.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
embodiment 1:
Utilize microbe fermentation method to prepare a technique for pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, prepared by following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 10 parts of zeolites, 3 parts of monocalcium phosphates, 8 parts of fermented bean dregs, 10 parts of rice brans, 15 portions of Semen Maydis powder, 3 parts of rapeseed cakes, 15 parts of wheat brans, 2 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 2 parts of aspergillus nigers, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobically fermenting 10d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: pig manure 70 parts, wheat stalk 20 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 10 parts, wormcast 10 parts, bio-fermentation agent 5 parts, cellulase 1 part of ratio mix in mass ratio, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 12d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add 20%(mass ratio) sea-tangle, 5%(mass ratio) alcohol active mud, 3%(mass ratio) lactobacillus powder, 1%(mass ratio) subtilis powder, 2%(mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mix, about adjusting moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses water solution;
(5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 3d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock pulverizer to pulverize the material completing Secondary Fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) granulation: carry out disc granulation to granulating disc by through fermentation and the mass transport after pulverizing;
(8) dry: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fertilizer finished product about 12% ~ 15%.
embodiment 2:
Utilize microbe fermentation method to prepare a technique for pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, prepared by following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 8 parts of gacs, 5 parts of monocalcium phosphates, 6 parts of fermented bean dregs, 15 parts of rice brans, 10 portions of Semen Maydis powder, 5 parts of rapeseed cakes, 10 parts of wheat brans, 3 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 part of aspergillus niger, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobically fermenting 7d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: pig manure 60 parts, straw 30 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 5 parts, wormcast 20 parts, bio-fermentation agent 3 parts, cellulase 2 parts of ratios mix in mass ratio, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 10d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add 10%(mass ratio) Enteromorpha, 10%(mass ratio) alcohol active mud, 2%(mass ratio) lactobacillus powder, 1%(mass ratio) subtilis powder, 2%(mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mix, about adjusting moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses water solution;
(5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 5d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock pulverizer to pulverize the material completing Secondary Fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) granulation: carry out disc granulation to granulating disc by through fermentation and the mass transport after pulverizing;
(8) dry: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fertilizer finished product about 12% ~ 15%.
embodiment 3:
Utilize microbe fermentation method to prepare a technique for pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, prepared by following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 9 parts of wilkinites, 4 parts of monocalcium phosphates, 7 parts of fermented bean dregs, 12 parts of rice brans, 12 portions of Semen Maydis powder, 4 parts of rapeseed cakes, 12 parts of wheat brans, 2.5 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1.5 parts of aspergillus nigers, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobically fermenting 8d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: pig manure 65 parts, maize straw 25 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 7.5 parts, wormcast 15 parts, bio-fermentation agent 4 parts, cellulase 1.5 parts of ratios mix in mass ratio, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 11d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add 15%(mass ratio) sea lettuce, 7.5%(mass ratio) alcohol active mud, 2.5%(mass ratio) lactobacillus powder, 1.5%(mass ratio) subtilis powder, 1.5%(mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mix, about adjusting moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses water solution;
(5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 4d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock pulverizer to pulverize the material completing Secondary Fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) granulation: carry out disc granulation to granulating disc by through fermentation and the mass transport after pulverizing;
(8) dry: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fertilizer finished product about 12% ~ 15%.
Above embodiment only for illustration of technical scheme of the present invention, but not is limited; Although be described in detail by invention with reference to previous embodiment, for the person of ordinary skill of the art, still the technical scheme described in previous embodiment can be modified, or equivalent replacement has been carried out to wherein portion of techniques feature; And to these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention's technical scheme required for protection.

Claims (4)

1. utilize microbe fermentation method to prepare a pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that preparation technology specifically comprises the following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent preparation: get 8 ~ 10 parts of sorbent materials, 3 ~ 5 parts of monocalcium phosphates, 6 ~ 8 parts of fermented bean dregs, 10 ~ 15 parts of rice brans, 10 ~ 15 portions of Semen Maydis powder, 3 ~ 5 parts of rapeseed cakes, 10 ~ 15 parts of wheat brans, 2 ~ 3 parts of EM microbial inoculums, 1 ~ 2 part of aspergillus niger, mixing and stirring; Then moisture is adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobically fermenting 7 ~ 10d at 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 2% molasses;
(2) batch mixing: pig manure 60 ~ 70 parts, stalk 20 ~ 30 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 5 ~ 10 parts, wormcast 10 ~ 20 parts, bio-fermentation agent 3 ~ 5 parts, cellulase 1 ~ 2 part of ratio mix in mass ratio, with about aqueous solution adjustment moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 10 ~ 12d, periodic agitation;
(4) prepare burden: after compost fermentation terminates, add 10 ~ 20%(mass ratio) marine alga, 5 ~ 10%(mass ratio) alcohol active mud, 2 ~ 3%(mass ratio) lactobacillus powder, 1 ~ 2%(mass ratio) subtilis powder, 1 ~ 2%(mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mix, about adjusting moisture to 35% ~ 40% containing 2% molasses water solution;
(5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature control 28 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C compost fermentation 3 ~ 5d;
(6) pulverize: use half wet stock pulverizer to pulverize the material completing Secondary Fermentation, smashing fineness will reach 20 ~ 30 orders;
(7) granulation: carry out disc granulation to granulating disc by through fermentation and the mass transport after pulverizing;
(8) dry: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation is carried out drying and processing, and namely water content obtains fertilizer finished product about 12% ~ 15%.
2. one according to claim 1 utilizes microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, and the sorbent material that it is characterized in that in step (1) is one or more in zeolite, gac, wilkinite, vermiculite.
3. one according to claim 1 utilizes microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that described stalk is one or more in straw, wheat stalk, maize straw, green grass.
4. one according to claim 1 utilizes microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that described marine alga refers in sea-tangle, Enteromorpha, sea lettuce etc. one or more.
CN201410514541.6A 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 A kind of technique utilizing microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer CN104261913B (en)

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