CN104261913A - Process of preparing pig manure bio-organic fertilizer by microbial fermentation method - Google Patents

Process of preparing pig manure bio-organic fertilizer by microbial fermentation method Download PDF

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CN104261913A
CN104261913A CN 201410514541 CN201410514541A CN104261913A CN 104261913 A CN104261913 A CN 104261913A CN 201410514541 CN201410514541 CN 201410514541 CN 201410514541 A CN201410514541 A CN 201410514541A CN 104261913 A CN104261913 A CN 104261913A
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bio
fermentation
organic fertilizer
fertilizer
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CN 201410514541
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CN104261913B (en )
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董书阁
侯文杰
代书强
段智岗
赵建伟
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青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B3/00Fertilisers based essentially on di-calcium phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F7/00Fertilisers from waste water, sewage sludge, sea slime, ooze or similar masses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse
    • Y02W30/43Aerobic fermentation, e.g. composting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse
    • Y02W30/47Anaerobic fermentation, e.g. methanation combined with capture, recycling or flaring

Abstract

The invention discloses a process of preparing a pig manure bio-organic fertilizer by a microbial fermentation method. The process comprises the following step: by taking the pig manure as a raw material and supplementing straws, earthworm cast, seaweeds, and the like, performing a two-step fermentation process of a biological fermenting agent to prepare the pig manure bio-organic fertilizer. The process is high in resource utilization degree, easy for large-scale industrial production, beneficial to realizing resource utilization of live pig breeding wastes and capable of a pig breeding environmental pollution problem at present. The pig manure bio-organic fertilizer has the effects of the bio-organic fertilizer and the seaweed fertilizer, is rich in functional active ingredients of seaweeds and a large number of probiotics, capable of effectively regulating equilibrium of microorganisms in soil, decomposing organic or inorganic components such as organic substances and mineral substances in the soil, eliminating soil hardening, desertification, salinization and the like caused by abuse of a chemical fertilizer throughout the year, increasing the yield of crops, and has the special effects of improving the quality of the crops and improving the stress resistance of the crops. Besides, the pig manure bio-organic fertilizer is long in acting period, and is an ideal fertilizer for developing green ecological agriculture.

Description

一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺 A microorganism fermented manure Preparation process using bio-organic fertilizer

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种资源化利用猪粪生产肥料的工艺,特别是一种以猪粪为原料制备高效生物有机肥料的方法,属肥料加工领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a resource utilization of pig manure fertilizer production process, in particular a pig to a method of preparing high bio-organic fertilizer materials, metal processing field fertilizers.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着我国畜牧业的不断发展,养猪业得到较大的进步,我国已成为全球第一的养猪大国。 [0002] With the continuous development of China's animal husbandry, pig farming industry has been great progress, China has become the world's first pig power. 据国家统计局报道,目前我国每年的生猪饲养总量(出栏量和存栏量)已经超过了10亿头。 According to the National Bureau of Statistics reported that the total volume of China's annual hog (slaughter and breeding stock) has exceeded one billion. 养猪业的不断发展,逐渐在满足人民对猪肉日益增长的需求,但在发展的同时,也面临着一些日益突出的问题。 Pig industry continues to develop, gradually growing to meet the needs of the people of pork, but at the same time development, is also facing some growing problem. 近年来,大型猪场逐渐增多,散养户越来越少,养猪模式已由农村散养转变为集约化养猪,猪的食物也由人们剩下的潲水转变为统一的饲料,猪粪的数量巨大,粪便对环境的污染日益严重。 In recent years, large-scale pig farms is gradually increasing, fewer backyard farmers, rural backyard pig model has been transformed into intensive pig, pig food also changed from the rest of the people Shaoshui a unified feed, pig manure a huge number of fecal contamination of the environment is getting worse. 畜禽粪便造成地下水的污染,微生物含量超标,有毒有害物质严重超出环境的承受力;同时,粪便对空气的污染也很明显,氨气、二氧化硫等有害气体增多;而且,畜禽粪便造成土壤酸化、重金属残留等问题。 Manure groundwater pollution, excessive amount of microorganisms, hazardous substances exceeded its tolerance environment; while feces air pollution is also evident, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and other harmful gases increases; Moreover, manure causing acidification , heavy metal residues and other issues. 国家十二五规划、各地方政府年度环境生态计划明确提出减少畜禽粪污排放对环境的污染,指出把控制粪污排放作为重点来抓。 National five-year plan, the local government made it clear annual environmental ecology plan to reduce emissions of livestock and poultry manure pollution of the environment, he pointed out that the emissions control manure as a key task. 如何有效处理畜禽粪便的污染,发展循环经济,高效利用畜禽粪便而变废为宝,已成为我国经济发展急需解决的问题。 How to effectively deal with animal manure pollution, the development of recycling economy, the efficient use of animal manure and turning waste into treasure, has become China's economic development need to be resolved.

[0003] 猪粪中含有大量的氮、磷等元素,是一种营养丰富的有机肥料。 [0003] Pig contains large amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and other elements, it is a nutrient-rich organic fertilizer. 目前在猪粪的肥料化应用中,工艺主要有直接干燥、自然堆肥和微生物接种剂发酵等。 Pig manure application currently, the drying process is mainly direct, natural compost fermentation and microbial inoculants. 微生物接种剂发酵是在堆肥的基础上通过添加功能微生物,利用有益微生物的迅速繁殖代替土著微生物,调节堆肥菌群结构,提高有益微生物活性,通过各菌种之间相互协同作用形成复杂而稳定的生态系统。 Microbial inoculant is based compost fermentation by adding the function of microorganisms, beneficial microorganisms multiply rapidly using indigenous microorganisms in place of, adjusting the compost microflora, increase the beneficial microbial activity, by formation of a stable complex between the species interact synergistically ecosystem. 其优点是能够快速分解粪便和秸杆等有机料而产生热能,使有机物料温度迅速升高,抑制或杀死有害微生物,提高腐熟程度,制备真正意义上的生物有机肥。 The advantage is that manure can be rapidly decomposed organic materials such as straw and generates heat, the organic material temperature rises rapidly, inhibit or kill harmful microorganisms, improve the degree of maturity, the true sense of preparing biological organic fertilizer. 但目前的微生物接种剂发酵工艺在猪粪肥料化应用中仍存在恶臭气味严重、重金属残留高、腐熟程度低、发酵周期长等弊端。 But microbial inoculants in manure fermentation process is still present in the fertilizer application serious bad odor, high residual heavy metals, low degree of maturity, long fermentation cycle and other defects.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为克服现有技术的不足,本发明的目的在于提供一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺,该工艺资源化利用程度高、易于大规模工业化生产,有助于实现猪养殖废弃物资源化利用,解决目前存在的猪养殖环境污染及高效生物有机肥料短缺两大难题。 [0004] To overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a manure fermentation Preparation process using bio-organic fertilizer, the process of high resource utilization, easy industrial production, contributing to waste recycling pig breeding, pig breeding solve existing environmental pollution and efficient bio-organic fertilizer shortage two problems.

[0005] 本发明上述目的是通过以下技术方案予以实现的: [0005] The object of the present invention is to be implemented by the following technical scheme:

本发明提供一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺,其特征在于具体包括以下步骤: The present invention provides a microbial fermentation of manure bio-organic fertilizer prepared using a process which comprises the steps wherein:

(I)生物发酵剂制备:取8〜10份吸附剂、3〜5份磷酸二氢钙、6〜8份发酵豆柏、10〜15份米糠、10〜15份玉米粉、3〜5份菜籽饼、10〜15份麸皮、2〜3份EM菌剂、I〜2份黑曲霉,混合搅拌均匀;然后用含有2%糖蜜的水溶液将水分调整为35%〜40%左右,25°C〜3(TC下厌氧发酵7〜1d ; (2)混料:按质量比猪粪60〜70份、秸杆20〜30份、草炭5〜10份、蚯蚓粪10〜20份、生物发酵剂3〜5份、纤维素酶I〜2份比例混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜的水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; Preparation of (I) fermentation agents: 8~10 parts take adsorbent, ~ 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 6 ~ 8 parts by Parker fermented beans, rice bran parts 10 ~ 15, 10 ~ 15 parts of corn flour, ~ 5 parts rapeseed cake, 10 ~ 15 parts of wheat bran, 2 to 3 parts by EM agents, I~2 parts Aspergillus niger, mixing uniformly; and then with an aqueous solution containing 2% of molasses is adjusted to a moisture of about 35% ~ 40%, 25 ° C~3 (TC under anaerobic fermentation 7~1d; (2) mixing: 60 to 70 parts by mass than manure, straw 20 to 30 parts, 5 to 10 parts peat, vermicompost 10-20 parts, agent 3 to 5 parts by fermentation, the ratio of cellulases I~2 parts uniformly mixed with an aqueous solution containing 2% molasses adjusted to 35% moisture ~ 40%;

(3)堆肥发酵:将混合后的混合物堆肥自然发酵10〜12d,定期搅拌; (3) composting: the compost mixture was mixed natural fermentation 10~12d, stirring periodically;

(4)配料:堆肥发酵结束后,加入10〜20% (质量比)海藻、5〜10% (质量比)酒精活性污泥、2〜3% (质量比)乳酸菌粉、I〜2% (质量比)枯草芽孢杆菌粉、I〜2% (质量比)地衣芽孢杆菌粉,混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (4) Ingredients: After composting, was added 10-20% (mass ratio) algae, 5 to 10% (mass ratio) of the activated sludge alcohol, 2 to 3% (by mass ratio) powder, lactic acid, I~2% ( mass ratio) powder, Bacillus subtilis, I~2% (mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mixed with an aqueous solution containing 2% molasses adjusted to about 35% ~ 40% of water;

(5) 二次发酵:控温28°C〜35°C堆肥发酵3〜5d ; (5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature 28 ° C~35 ° C composting 3~5d;

(6)粉碎:使用半湿物料粉碎机对完成二次发酵的物料进行粉碎,粉碎细度要达到20〜30目; (6) grinding: Material semi-wet pulverizer using the completion of the secondary fermentation pulverized material, grinding fineness to achieve 20 to 30 mesh;

(7)造粒:将经发酵和粉碎后的物料输送至圆盘造粒机进行圆盘造粒; (7) Granulation: conveying the fermented material and the pulverized to the disc pelletizer disc pelletizer;

(8)烘干:将造粒后的生物有机肥料进行烘干处理,含水量在12%〜15%左右即得肥料成品。 (8) Drying: The bio-organic fertilizer for drying after granulation, ~ 15% water content of about 12% to obtain the finished fertilizer.

[0006] 上述步骤(I)中所述的吸附剂是沸石、活性炭、膨润土、蛭石中的一种或几种。 [0006] The step (I) of the adsorbent is one or more zeolites, activated carbon, bentonite, vermiculite.

[0007] 上述秸杆是稻草、小麦秸杆、玉米秸杆、青草中的一种或几种。 [0007] The straw straw, wheat straw, corn stover, grasses of one or more.

[0008] 上述海藻是指海带、浒苔、石莼等中的一种或几种。 [0008] The above refers to one or more of alginic seaweed, Enteromorpha, Ulva, and the like.

[0009] 本发明提供一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺,产品利用猪粪为原料,辅以秸杆、蚯蚓粪、海藻等,通过生物发酵剂的二步发酵工艺制得。 [0009] The present invention provides a microbial fermentation of manure Preparation process using bio-organic fertilizer, manure products utilize as raw materials, combined straw, vermicompost, seaweed, prepared by two-step fermentation process of fermentation agents have . 产品质量符合NY525-2011的规定,蛔虫卵死亡率和大肠杆菌群数指标符合NY884的要求。 Product quality in line with the provisions of NY525-2011, Ascaris eggs mortality and the number of coliform indicators in line with the requirements of NY884.

[0010] 本发明提供了一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺,产品兼具生物有机肥料和海藻肥料的功效,肥料产品富含海藻功能活性成分和大量益生菌,能有效调节土壤中微生物的平衡,分解土壤中的有机质、矿物质等有机或无机成分,消除常年依赖化肥滥用造成的土壤板结、沙化、盐化等,有效改善土壤,提高农作物产能;此外产品营养丰富,养分作用周期长,具有改良作物品质,提高作物抗逆性的特殊功效,是一种优良的土壤改良剂和作物生长促进剂,是发展绿色生态农业的理想肥料。 [0010] The present invention provides a process for the use of microbial fermentation of Preparation manure bio-organic fertilizer, organic fertilizer product both efficacy and seaweed fertilizer, fertilizer products rich in seaweed lot of probiotics and functional active ingredient, can regulate the balance soil microbial decomposition of organic matter in soil, minerals and other organic or inorganic ingredient, perennial dependence eliminating soil compaction caused by the abuse of chemical fertilizers, desertification, salinization, improve the soil, to improve crop productivity; nutritional products rich in addition, nutrient the role of long cycle, with improved crop quality, enhance crop resistance of special effects, is an excellent soil conditioner and crop growth promoters, it is an ideal fertilizer development of green ecological agriculture.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果:一是本发明采用多种微生物复合厌氧发酵猪粪生产高效生物有机肥料,首先在猪粪混合过程中通过物理吸附剂强有力的吸附作用,能有效吸附nh3、h2s、CH4等10多种恶臭气体,然后通过微生物的发酵作用,以脱氢的形式使猪粪脱臭,除臭效果较好;二是高温堆肥发酵过程中添加了秸杆、草炭、蚯蚓粪等辅料,试验结果表明猪粪中NH3的去除率大于95.71%,H2S的去除率大于96.45%,较对照组(直接微生物接种发酵)分别提高了94.51%、141.36%,差异达到极显著水平(P〈0.01),有效的实现了猪粪堆肥发酵除臭和保氮的目的;三是猪粪腐熟快速充分,当发酵时间达到第10天时种子发芽指数为88.2%,较对照组提前17天,表明本发明减缓了发酵时间,有利于降低生产成本,促进工业化生产;四是二步发酵过程中添加了海藻,产品兼具生物有机肥料和海藻 [0011] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: First, the present invention uses a variety of microorganisms manure anaerobic fermentation production of high composite organic fertilizer, manure in the first mixing process by a strong physical adsorption of the adsorbent, the effective absorption nh3 , h2s, CH4 and other 10 kinds of odorous gases, and by microbial fermentation, so that the manure in the form of the dehydrogenation deodorizing, the deodorizing effect is good; two high-temperature composting is added during the fermentation straw, peat, vermicompost other materials, test results show that the removal rate of NH3 is greater than in the pig 95.71%, H2S removal efficiency of greater than 96.45%, compared with the control group (inoculated direct microbial fermentation) were increased by 94.51%, 141.36%, and the difference was significant (P <0.01), to achieve effective deodorization of the object and the security composting manure nitrogen; three maturity pig is sufficiently fast, when the fermentation time to reach 10 days germination index was 88.2%, compared with the control group 17 days in advance, indicating that the present invention slowed the fermentation time, help reduce production costs and promote industrial production; fourth is a two-step fermentation process to add a seaweed product combines bio-organic fertilizer and seaweed 料的功效,肥效好。 Effect material, a good fertilizer.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 下面结合实施例对本发明做进一步说明。 [0012] The following embodiments in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

[0013] 实施例1: [0013] Example 1:

一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺,通过以下步骤制备: (1)生物发酵剂制备:取10份沸石、3份磷酸二氢钙、8份发酵豆柏、10份米糠、15份玉米粉、3份菜籽饼、15份麸皮、2份EM菌剂、2份黑曲霉,混合搅拌均匀;然后用含有2%糖蜜的水溶液将水分调整为35%〜40%左右,25°C〜30°C下厌氧发酵1d ; A microorganism prepared manure fermentation process using bio-organic fertilizer, was prepared by the following steps: (1) preparing a fermentation agent: Take 10 parts of zeolite, 3 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 8 parts by Parker fermented beans, 10 parts of rice bran, 15 parts of corn flour, 3 parts of rapeseed cake, bran 15 parts, 2 parts of EM agents, 2 parts of Aspergillus niger, mixing uniformly; then treated with an aqueous solution containing 2% of molasses is adjusted to a moisture of about 35% ~ 40%, anaerobic fermentation at 25 ° C~30 ° C 1d;

(2)混料:按质量比猪粪70份、小麦秸杆20份、草炭10份、蚯蚓粪10份、生物发酵剂5份、纤维素酶I份比例混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜的水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (2) mixing: 70 parts by mass than manure, wheat straw 20 parts 10 parts peat, vermicompost 10 parts, 5 parts by fermentation agents, cellulase mixed ratio of parts I, with 2% of molasses an aqueous solution of water adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%;

(3)堆肥发酵:将混合后的混合物堆肥自然发酵12d,定期搅拌; (3) composting: the compost mixture was mixed natural fermentation 12d, stirring periodically;

(4)配料:堆肥发酵结束后,加入20% (质量比)海带、5% (质量比)酒精活性污泥、3% (质量比)乳酸菌粉、1% (质量比)枯草芽孢杆菌粉、2% (质量比)地衣芽孢杆菌粉,混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (4) Ingredients: After composting, 20% (mass ratio) kelp, 5% (mass ratio) of the activated sludge alcohol, 3% (mass ratio) Lactic acid bacteria powder, 1% (by mass ratio) powder, Bacillus subtilis, 2% (mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mixed with molasses containing 2% water solution adjusted to 35% ~ 40%;

(5) 二次发酵:控温28°C〜35°C堆肥发酵3d ; (5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature 28 ° C~35 ° C composting 3D;

(6)粉碎:使用半湿物料粉碎机对完成二次发酵的物料进行粉碎,粉碎细度要达到20〜30目; (6) grinding: Material semi-wet pulverizer using the completion of the secondary fermentation pulverized material, grinding fineness to achieve 20 to 30 mesh;

(7)造粒:将经发酵和粉碎后的物料输送至圆盘造粒机进行圆盘造粒; (7) Granulation: conveying the fermented material and the pulverized to the disc pelletizer disc pelletizer;

(8)烘干:将造粒后的生物有机肥料进行烘干处理,含水量在12%〜15%左右即得肥料成品。 (8) Drying: The bio-organic fertilizer for drying after granulation, ~ 15% water content of about 12% to obtain the finished fertilizer.

[0014] 实施例2: [0014] Example 2:

一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺,通过以下步骤制备: A microorganism prepared manure fermentation process using bio-organic fertilizer, was prepared by the following steps:

(O生物发酵剂制备:取8份活性炭、5份磷酸二氢钙、6份发酵豆柏、15份米糠、10份玉米粉、5份菜籽饼、10份麸皮、3份EM菌剂、I份黑曲霉,混合搅拌均匀;然后用含有2%糖蜜的水溶液将水分调整为35%〜40%左右,25°C〜30°C下厌氧发酵7d ; (Preparation O fermentation agent: 8 parts by taking activated carbon, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 6 parts of fermented soybean Parker, 15 parts of rice bran, 10 parts of corn flour, 5 parts of rapeseed cake, wheat bran 10 parts, 3 parts of EM agents , the I parts Aspergillus niger, uniformly mixed with stirring; then with an aqueous solution containing 2% of molasses is adjusted to a moisture of about 35% ~ 40%, at 25 ° C~30 ° C 7D anaerobic fermentation;

(2)混料:按质量比猪粪60份、稻草30份、草炭5份、蚯蚓粪20份、生物发酵剂3份、纤维素酶2份比例混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜的水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (2) mixing: 60 parts by mass than manure, straw 30 parts, 5 parts of peat, vermicompost 20 parts, 3 parts by fermentation agent, the proportion of 2 parts of cellulase mixed with an aqueous solution containing 2% molasses adjustment water to about 35% ~ 40%;

(3)堆肥发酵:将混合后的混合物堆肥自然发酵10d,定期搅拌; (3) composting: the compost mixture was mixed natural fermentation 10d, stirring periodically;

(4)配料:堆肥发酵结束后,加入10% (质量比)浒苔、10% (质量比)酒精活性污泥、2%(质量比)乳酸菌粉、I % (质量比)枯草芽孢杆菌粉、2% (质量比)地衣芽孢杆菌粉,混合均勻,用含2%糖蜜水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (4) Ingredients: After composting, and 10% (mass ratio) Enteromorpha, 10% (mass ratio) of the activated sludge alcohol, 2% (by mass ratio) powder, lactic acid bacteria, the I% (mass ratio) powder Bacillus subtilis 2% (mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mixed with molasses containing 2% water solution adjusted to 35% ~ 40%;

(5) 二次发酵:控温28°C〜35°C堆肥发酵5d ; (5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature 28 ° C~35 ° C composting 5D;

(6)粉碎:使用半湿物料粉碎机对完成二次发酵的物料进行粉碎,粉碎细度要达到20〜30目; (6) grinding: Material semi-wet pulverizer using the completion of the secondary fermentation pulverized material, grinding fineness to achieve 20 to 30 mesh;

(7)造粒:将经发酵和粉碎后的物料输送至圆盘造粒机进行圆盘造粒; (7) Granulation: conveying the fermented material and the pulverized to the disc pelletizer disc pelletizer;

(8)烘干:将造粒后的生物有机肥料进行烘干处理,含水量在12%〜15%左右即得肥料成品。 (8) Drying: The bio-organic fertilizer for drying after granulation, ~ 15% water content of about 12% to obtain the finished fertilizer.

[0015] 实施例3: [0015] Example 3:

一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥的工艺,通过以下步骤制备: A microorganism prepared manure fermentation process using bio-organic fertilizer, was prepared by the following steps:

(O生物发酵剂制备:取9份膨润土、4份磷酸二氢钙、7份发酵豆柏、12份米糠、12份玉米粉、4份菜籽饼、12份麸皮、2.5份EM菌剂、1.5份黑曲霉,混合搅拌均匀;然后用含有2%糖蜜的水溶液将水分调整为35%〜40%左右,25°C〜30°C下厌氧发酵8d ; (Preparation O fermentation agents: Take 9 parts of bentonite, 4 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 7 parts of fermented soybean Parker, 12 parts of rice bran, 12 parts of corn flour, 4 parts of rapeseed cake, 12 parts of wheat bran, 2.5 parts of EM agents , 1.5 parts of Aspergillus niger, mixing uniformly; and then with an aqueous solution containing 2% of molasses is adjusted to a moisture of about 35% ~ 40%, 8d anaerobic fermentation at 25 ° C~30 ° C;

(2)混料:按质量比猪粪65份、玉米秸杆25份、草炭7.5份、蚯蚓粪15份、生物发酵剂4份、纤维素酶1.5份比例混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜的水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (3)堆肥发酵:将混合后的混合物堆肥自然发酵lld,定期搅拌; (2) mixing: 65 parts by mass than manure, 25 parts of corn stover, 7.5 parts peat, vermicompost 15 parts, 4 parts by fermentation agent, 1.5 parts of cellulose mixed ratio, with 2% of molasses an aqueous solution of water adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%; (3) composting: the compost mixture was mixed natural fermentation lld, stirring periodically;

(4)配料:堆肥发酵结束后,加入15% (质量比)石莼、7.5% (质量比)酒精活性污泥、2.5%(质量比)乳酸菌粉、1.5% (质量比)枯草芽孢杆菌粉、1.5% (质量比)地衣芽孢杆菌粉,混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (4) Ingredients: After composting, 15% (mass ratio) Ulva, 7.5% (mass ratio) of the activated sludge alcohol, 2.5% (mass ratio) powder, lactic acid, 1.5% (mass ratio) powder Bacillus subtilis , 1.5% (mass ratio) Bacillus licheniformis powder, mixed with molasses containing 2% water solution adjusted to 35% ~ 40%;

(5) 二次发酵:控温28°C〜35°C堆肥发酵4d ; (5) Secondary Fermentation: temperature 28 ° C~35 ° C composting 4D;

(6)粉碎:使用半湿物料粉碎机对完成二次发酵的物料进行粉碎,粉碎细度要达到20〜30目; (6) grinding: Material semi-wet pulverizer using the completion of the secondary fermentation pulverized material, grinding fineness to achieve 20 to 30 mesh;

(7)造粒:将经发酵和粉碎后的物料输送至圆盘造粒机进行圆盘造粒; (7) Granulation: conveying the fermented material and the pulverized to the disc pelletizer disc pelletizer;

(8)烘干:将造粒后的生物有机肥料进行烘干处理,含水量在12%〜15%左右即得肥料成品。 (8) Drying: The bio-organic fertilizer for drying after granulation, ~ 15% water content of about 12% to obtain the finished fertilizer.

[0016] 以上实施例仅用于说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其进行限制;尽管参照前述实施例对被发明进行了详细的说明,但对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,依然可以对前述实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而对这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明所要求保护的技术方案的精神和范围。 [0016] The foregoing embodiments are merely to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not intended to be limiting; of the embodiments. Although the invention has been described in detail, but those of ordinary skill in the art, can still made to the embodiments described in the foregoing embodiments modifications, or to some technical features make equivalent replacements; while such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed technical solution .

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥,其特征在于制备工艺具体包括以下步骤: (1)生物发酵剂制备:取8〜10份吸附剂、3〜5份磷酸二氢钙、6〜8份发酵豆柏、10〜15份米糠、10〜15份玉米粉、3〜5份菜籽饼、10〜15份麸皮、2〜3份EM菌剂、I〜2份黑曲霉,混合搅拌均匀;然后用含有2%糖蜜的水溶液将水分调整为35%〜40%左右,25°C〜3(TC下厌氧发酵7〜1d ; (2)混料:按质量比猪粪60〜70份、秸杆20〜30份、草炭5〜10份、蚯蚓粪10〜20份、生物发酵剂3〜5份、纤维素酶I〜2份比例混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜的水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (3)堆肥发酵:将混合后的混合物堆肥自然发酵10〜12d,定期搅拌; (4)配料:堆肥发酵结束后,加入10〜20% (质量比)海藻、5〜10% (质量比)酒精活性污泥、2〜3% (质量比)乳酸菌粉、I〜2% (质量比)枯草芽孢杆菌粉、I〜2% (质量比)地衣芽孢杆菌粉, 1. Preparation of microbial fermentation utilizing manure bio-organic fertilizer, characterized in that the preparation process comprises the steps of: (1) preparing a fermentation agent: 8~10 parts take adsorbent, three to five parts of monocalcium phosphate, 6 ~ 8 parts of fermented beans Parker, 10 ~ 15 parts of rice, maize flour 10 ~ 15, 3 ~ 5 parts of rapeseed cake, wheat bran 10 ~ 15 copies, 2 to 3 parts EM agents, I~2 part Aspergillus niger , mixing uniformly; and then with an aqueous solution containing 2% of molasses is adjusted to a moisture of about 35% ~40%, 25 ° C~3 (TC under anaerobic fermentation 7~1d; (2) mixing: mass ratio pig 60 to 70 parts, straw 20 to 30 parts, 5 to 10 parts peat, vermicompost 10-20 parts, 3 to 5 parts by fermentation agents, cellulase I~2 parts mixed ratio, with 2% of molasses an aqueous solution of water adjusted to about 35% ~ 40%; (3) composting: the compost mixture was mixed natural fermentation 10~12d, with periodic agitation; (4) ingredients: after composting, was added 10-20% (mass ratio ) algae, 5 to 10% (mass ratio) of the activated sludge alcohol, 2 to 3% (by mass ratio) powder, lactic acid, I~2% (by mass ratio) powder, Bacillus subtilis, I~2% (mass ratio) Bacillus bacillus powder, 混合均匀,用含2%糖蜜水溶液调整水分至35%〜40%左右; (5) 二次发酵:控温28V〜35°C堆肥发酵3〜5d ; (6)粉碎:使用半湿物料粉碎机对完成二次发酵的物料进行粉碎,粉碎细度要达到20〜30目; (7)造粒:将经发酵和粉碎后的物料输送至圆盘造粒机进行圆盘造粒; (8)烘干:将造粒后的生物有机肥料进行烘干处理,含水量在12%〜15%左右即得肥料成品。 Mixed with an aqueous solution containing 2% molasses adjusted to about 35% ~ 40% of water; (5) secondary fermentation: Fermentation temperature 28V~35 ° C compost 3~5d; (6) grinding: Material semi-wet pulverizer using the completion of the secondary fermentation pulverized material, grinding fineness to achieve 20 to 30 mesh; (7) granulation: conveying the fermented material and the pulverized to the disc pelletizer disc pelletizer; (8) drying: the bio-organic fertilizer for drying after granulation, ~ 15% water content of about 12% to obtain the finished fertilizer.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥,其特征在于步骤(I)中的吸附剂是沸石、活性炭、膨润土、蛭石中的一种或几种。 The utilizing of claim 1 prepared by microbial fermentation of manure bio-organic fertilizer, wherein step (I) is a zeolite adsorbent, activated charcoal, bentonite, vermiculite one or several of the claims.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥,其特征在于所述秸杆是稻草、小麦秸杆、玉米秸杆、青草中的一种或几种。 The microorganism of claim 1 utilizing Preparation of fermented manure bio-organic fertilizer, straw, wherein said straw, wheat straw, corn stover, grasses in one or more of the claims.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种利用微生物发酵法制备猪粪生物有机肥,其特征在于所述海藻是指海带、浒苔、石莼等中的一种或几种。 The utilizing of claim 1 Preparation of manure fermentation bio-organic fertilizer, wherein said seaweed is a seaweed refers to one or more, Enteromorpha, Ulva, etc. claims.
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CN104892139A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-09-09 瑞金市祥瑞生物科技有限责任公司 Agrocybe cylindracea waste residues and livestock and fowl manure fermented organic fertilizer
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CN104926541A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-09-23 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 Producing technology for high-efficient bio-organic fertilizer through mixed fermentation combining bran, straw, vinasse and seaweed
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CN104987267A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-10-21 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 Production technology for preparing soil improvement agent through resource utilization of sheep manure
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CN104987214A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-10-21 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 Efficient biology leavening agent capable of decreasing pollution gas emission in urine immersing manure technology
CN105295942A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-02-03 河海大学 Microbial preparation capable of improving water retention capability of coastal saline-alkali soil and preparation method therefor
CN105418317A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-23 威海温喜生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of seaweed biological soil conditioner with saline and alkaline land improvement function
CN105732224A (en) * 2016-02-21 2016-07-06 宿林功 Bioorganic fertilizer for effectively preventing bitter pit disease of apples
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