CN101665312B - Livestock and poultry manure treating method - Google Patents

Livestock and poultry manure treating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101665312B
CN101665312B CN2009101143730A CN200910114373A CN101665312B CN 101665312 B CN101665312 B CN 101665312B CN 2009101143730 A CN2009101143730 A CN 2009101143730A CN 200910114373 A CN200910114373 A CN 200910114373A CN 101665312 B CN101665312 B CN 101665312B
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livestock
poultry
feces
poultry manure
fertilizer
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CN101665312A (en
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陆善林
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GUANGXI BEIGUO BIO-SCIENTIFIC Co Ltd
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GUANGXI BEIGUO BIO-SCIENTIFIC Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention discloses a method of harmlessly treating the livestock and poultry manure, comprising the steps of adding livestock and poultry manure treating agent which is formed by ferrous sulphate, magnesium sulfate and superphosphate to the livestock and poultry manure to remove the odor of the livestock and poultry manure for 2 hours, standing the deodorized livestock and poultry manure for 3 to 5 days to decompose the salt therein, removing the odor and the harmful gases in the livestock and poultry manure, and killing the worm eggs and the pathogenic bacteria tot obtain the synergistic fertilizer for the crop. The synergistic fertilizer for the crop not only has good efficiency, but also has good effect on the proliferation of the microorganisms in the soil. After the synergistic fertilizer for the crop is applied, the death of the beneficial microorganisms in the soil, the accumulation of the salt and the hardening of the soil, which are all resulted from the abuse of the fertilizer, are avoided.

Description

The processing method of feces of livestock and poultry
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of inorganic agent and production method thereof of farm animal excrement, especially feces of livestock and poultry is carried out the method that harmless treatment makes it to become the crops fertilizer.
Background technology
Current, our country begins pay attention to day by day to food safety, the enforcement of pollution-free food, non-polluted farm product, ecological agriculture plan, and the livestock and poultry breeding industry development is swift and violent, and livestock and poultry cultivation has become the important channel of growth of agricultural efficiency, increasing peasant income.Because livestock and poultry breeding industry is fast-developing, the pollution of farm animal excrement increases the weight of day by day.At present, the big-and-middle-sized livestock and poultry farm of China (referring to 10,000 above pig farms, 100 above cattle farms and the above chicken house of 100,000 plumages) has reached more than 14800, and focuses mostly near coastal big and medium-sized cities, east." People's Republic of China's noxious waste pollution environment is prevented method of treatment " being carried out check result in 2003 according to the National People's Congress and show that China's large-scale cultivation field feces of livestock and poultry generation reaches 21.6 hundred million tons, is 2.7 times of industrial solid castoff.Because the feces of livestock and poultry generation is very big, the livestock and poultry farm 80% or more is comprehensive utilization and sewage treatment facility not, and the facility of having built more than 70% is with to equip also not good enough because of treatment process, equipment performance difference etc. former thereby fail to play a role; Caused the serious environmental pollution, wherein to pollute the proportion account for bigger in the intensive culture field, and the garbage of many livestock and poultry farms can not get timely processing; The long-term stacking let alone to expose to the sun and rain, and causes the interior mosquitos and flies evil of colony house to be given birth to; Pestilence spreads; The laying rate of poultry descends, and mortality of livestock increases, and loss of enterprises is heavy; Livestock and poultry breeding industry feces serious threat that even more serious is and the regional environmental quality that influence big and medium-sized cities cause seriously " solid " pollution to water source, soil, air and the biology of surrounding.According to expert introduction; If poultry give birth to excrement without biological decomposition; Plant does not absorb; Directly advance people's soil and also can cause worm's ovum, germ contamination and uric acid to kill and wound plant, as the bird flu of wide-scale distribution lets people feel startling in Asia area then, the bird flu virus 180d of in feces of livestock and poultry, can surviving; Pollute the big public hazards become society, seriously restricted the sustainable development of agricultural production, therefore, the feces of livestock and poultryization evil of how accumulation being caused disaster is treasured, carries out innoxious, recycling treatment and has become a global problem.
Feces of livestock and poultry is a kind of environmental hazard material of reality; Be again a kind of available living resources; Utilizing improper to it will be serious polluter; If realize harmless treatment, can bring into play the effect of resources such as feces of livestock and poultry biomass energy, refuse nutrition to a great extent, realize the utilization again of waste resource.At present, the processing method of feces of livestock and poultry mainly contains following several kinds both at home and abroad.
1, directly does fertilizer or sanitary landfills; This method is that feces of livestock and poultry directly is put in the cropland or imbeds underground landfill, through the biochemical action of microorganism in the ground, makes it to be decomposed into plant absorbing; But stated on this method; Undecomposed feces of livestock and poultry plant does not absorb, and directly advances people's soil and also can cause worm's ovum, germ contamination and uric acid to kill and wound plant, and landfill is land occupation, polluted underground water and surrounding in a large number again.
2, this method of burning disposal is mainly used in the feces that the strong pathogenic bacteria brood cell of resistance pollutes, and the general using incinerator carries out harmless treatment with feces of livestock and poultry.Can be used for generating etc. though burning method produces a large amount of heat energy, a large amount of feces water content that China intensive culture field produces are high, and drying is difficulty relatively, are difficult to as fuel as not handling; Simultaneously, burn and to discharge a large amount of harmful substances, cause second environmental pollution, thereby application prospect is little.
3, as feedstuff; Contain nutritional labelings such as a large amount of nitrogens, mineral, cellulose in the feces; But contain many potential harmful substances in the feces of livestock and poultry simultaneously; Like mineral trace element (copper, zinc, arsenic etc.), various medicines (anticoccidial drug, sulfa drugs etc.), antibiotic and hormone etc., and a large amount of pathogenic microorganisms, parasite and ovum thereof.So feces of livestock and poultry has only through after certain technical finesse, can be as the feedstuff of fish, pig or cattle, but its processing procedure is comparatively complicated, cost is high and feed quality is relatively poor, applies thereby limited it.
4, anaerobic fermentation producing methane; Anaerobic fermentation is the method for a kind of effective processing feces of livestock and poultry and resource recycling, can not only solve the fecal pollution problem of livestock and poultry farm, and the biogas of fermentation can directly supply peasant household to use; Natural pond liquid and natural pond slag can utilize again, meet ecological principle.Its shortcoming is NH 3Volatilization loss is many, and the treatment pond volume is big, and can only on-the-spot disposal and utilization.Because natural pond liquid utilization receives the agricultural cultivating mode of territorial environment, crop species to limit bigger; The bottleneck that makes the present anaerobic fermentation biogas engineering operation of effectively being treated as of natural pond liquid; And construction investment is high, payoff period is long, so owner's enthusiasm is not high, anaerobic fermentation technology is applied and is restricted.
5, aerobic compost is handled; Aerobic compost is exactly under Artificial Control; Under certain humidity, temperature, C/N ratio and ventilation condition; Utilize the Fermentation of microorganisms such as the extensive antibacterial that distributes of nature, actinomycetes, fungus, promote the microbiological process of biodegradable Organic substance artificially to stable humus biochemical conversion.Aerobic compost handle be realize that feces of livestock and poultry is innoxious, a kind of effective method the most of minimizing, resource, industrialization; Have advantages such as operating cost is low, treating capacity big, non-secondary pollution because of it, become a research focus in countries in the world resource, environmental protection field in recent years.Various pathogenic bacterias and weed seed that the composted process not only can be killed in the feces make feces reach innoxious, also can generate in a large number the available nutrient that can be utilized by plant absorbing, and synthetic new humus, are the important substance that constitutes soil fertility; Handling sophisticated compost and be not only a kind of fine fertilizer, still is a kind of good soil conditioner, can improve the physicochemical property of soil.Adopt compost method to handle feces of livestock and poultry, the end product foul smell of processing is less, and dry, packs easily, spreads fertilizer over the fields.Shortcoming is that NH is arranged in the processing procedure 3Loss, can not control foul smell fully, the place that compost needs is big, the processing time is long.
In recent years, some documents disclose the processing method of feces of livestock and poultry, for example Chinese patent: application number: 87106349.2 titles: feces of livestock and poultry is converted into the method for animal feed; Open (bulletin) number: CN1037260, apply for (patent right) people: East-Suburb Agricultural and Grazing Land, Tianjin City, this method is with the dynamic fermentation process feces of livestock and poultry of oxygenation; Particularly just to make it to be converted into the animal regenerative feedstuff of high protein be that the pair material that feces of livestock and poultry and natural primary feed are formed is mixed to chicken manure, directly contacts with hot-air, and material is heated the while to be mixed with air; To be under the dynamical state at material; The method of rapid fermentation is carried out in the saturated oxygen uptake of constant temperature under certain damp condition, its advantage is a directly nutrition purposes, especially for feeding animals of the poultry regenerative feedstuff that obtains; Can the feces of livestock and poultry that produce the same day be converted into the animal regenerative feedstuff; Eliminate the pollution of feces of livestock and poultry to environment, the regenerative feedstuff goods matter of producing is good, animal happiness food.
Chinese patent: application number: 01107539.2 title: utilize feces of livestock and poultry to produce the method open (bulletin) number of biological organic fertilizer: CN1309110; Application (patent right) people: Yang Xiong; Summary: a kind of manufacturing approach of biological organic fertilizer; It is characterized in that pulverizing the back to mushroom residue, Chinese medicine slag at first respectively crosses 15~40 purposes sieve; Press 25~35: 25~35: 25~35: 2~3: 5~8 to feces of livestock and poultry, mushroom residue, Chinese medicine slag, mixed microorganism strain, mixing inorganic fertilizer, binding agent again: after 1~2 mixed is even; Adding an amount of water to material moisture is 20~40%, inserts fermentation vat and ferments at normal temperatures 5~15 days, and the temperature in the sweat control fermentation vat is at 40~70 ℃; Carry out suitable aeration and stirring simultaneously, carry out prebake, pelletize, oven dry again from fermentation, taking out again through the material of above-mentioned processing.
Chinese patent: application number: 01101879.8, title: a kind of intensification livestock and poultry farm, feces of livestock and poultry are polluted treatment technology, open (bulletin) number: CN1369466; Application (patent right) people: Bian Xijun; Summary: a kind of intensification livestock and poultry farm fecal pollution processing environment engineering field with the easy means of economy, solves the processing of fecal pollution; The present invention adopts M mummification, cleanser, and treatment plant accomplishes in the field.Water content greater than 90% feces of livestock and poultry, is delivered to field treatment plant, admix Calx and ooze out excess water, moisture dropping to about 75% leaches liquid manure and after becoming thoroughly decomposed in the liquid manure pond, imposes on the field nearby.Be the semi-solid excrement of damp-arthralgia shape, admix no longer infiltration behind the M mummification cleanser again, also eliminated stink.Placing ventilates becomes thoroughly decomposed after the pond becomes thoroughly decomposed, but entrucking dress generation, and the fertilizer of producing pollution-free food is supplied with in export trade.12~20 yuan per ton of processing cost, 150~350 yuan/ton of sale prices, benefit are 1~2 times of existing livestock and poultry farm.
One Chinese patent application number: 02115968.8; Title: microorganism feces of livestock and poultry innocuous bacterial agent and method for preparing open (bulletin) number: CN1465550; Application (patent right) people: Hebei Changxiangi Bioengineering Co., Ltd., summary: microorganism animal manure just innocuous bacterial agent is the harmless processing technology field of microorganism.By candida mycoderma 5%, bacillus thuringiensis 15%, thermophilic actinomycete 30%, excrement fiber Zymomonas mobilis 15%, bacillus cereus 10%, photosynthetic bacteria 25% is formed.Preparation technology is: candida mycoderma under 28 ℃, solid fermentation 48 hours, bacillus thuringiensis was fermented 32 hours in the time of 34 ℃, solid fermentation is 40 hours again; Thermophilic actinomycete is at 55 ℃, and liquid fermentation tank fermented 48 hours; The back was 50 ℃ of solid fermentations 56 hours; The excrement fiber bacterium is 34-36 ℃ of liquid fermentation 26 hours, again 32 ℃ of solid fermentations 40 hours; Bacillus cereus is 35 ℃ of liquid fermentations 50 hours, by adding inserts at 1: 1.Photosynthetic bacteria is in the time of illumination 25-30 ℃, and liquid fermentation 144 hours added inserts by 1: 1, and each bacterium is dried respectively, pulverizes, sieves at 35-50 ℃.Detect each bacterium number again.Mixing is processed.Can the nitrogen compound of fowl poultry kind in just etc. be decomposed and transform.It is the microbial bacterial agent of effective nuisanceless processing feces of livestock and poultry.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of processing feces of livestock and poultry method that is different from prior art, use livestock and poultry manure treating agent, make that feces of livestock and poultry is handled after; Worm's ovum, pathogen contamination reduce; The end product foul smell is less, and dry, easily packing, can be as the crops enhanced fertilizer.
The present invention is that feces of livestock and poultry elimination liquid is later under condition of stirring; Add livestock and poultry manure treating agent and remove foul smell and harmful gas in the feces of livestock and poultry; Deodorization is finished dealing with after 2 hours, places the 3-5 days salinities in the feces again and decomposes completion, removes foul smell and harmful gas in the feces of livestock and poultry; Kill worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria, obtain the crops enhanced fertilizer.
Above-described livestock and poultry manure treating agent is to comprise the aqueous solution that is made into ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and calcium superphosphate, and its composition and parts by weight are:
Ferrous sulfate 8-15 part;
Magnesium sulfate 1-3 part;
Calcium superphosphate 180-250 part;
Water 40-100 part.
With the method for above-described livestock and poultry manure treating agent processing feces of livestock and poultry, be by proportioning weight weighing ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and calcium superphosphate, at first that magnesium sulfate is water-soluble; In this aqueous solution, add ferrous sulfate again, stir make dissolving fully after, after add calcium superphosphate; Continue to stir, obtain livestock and poultry manure treating agent, add the component that the weight 4-7 of livestock and poultry manure treating agent rises by the dried feces of livestock and poultry of every 1000Kg then livestock and poultry manure treating agent is sprayed onto in the feces of livestock and poultry; Or livestock and poultry manure treating agent and feces of livestock and poultry stirred; Naturally placed 3-5 days, obtain not having foul smell and harmful gas, can kill the crops enhanced fertilizer of worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria.
Described ferrous sulfate is the ferrous sulfate that contains the 1-7 water of crystallization; (FeSO 4XH 2O) (X=1-7)
Described magnesium sulfate is the magnesium sulfate that contains the 1-7 water of crystallization; (MgSO 4XH 2O) (X=1-7)
The main component of described calcium superphosphate is dalcium biphosphate Ca (H 2PO 4) 2With Gypsum Fibrosum CaSO 42H 2O.
The principle of the processing method that feces of livestock and poultry of the present invention is innoxious is with ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and three kinds of raw materials of calcium superphosphate, to the H of feces of livestock and poultry generation 2S ↑, NH 3, NO 2-, NO 3-Can play the effect of reduction, parcel, deodorization is rapid, stable performance, the livestock and poultry manure treating agent that can long term store uses.
Course of reaction is following:
H 2S?↑(NH 3、NO 2-、NO 3-↑)+FeSO 4·XH 2O=FeS+(NH 4) 2SO 4·XH 2O
Because root system of plant mainly absorbs ferrous ion (ferrous ion), also absorb chelating attitude ferrum.Plant is in order to improve absorption and the utilization to ferrum, and when chelating attitude ferrum added to root system, the ferric iron in the root surface chelate was reduced earlier and makes it to separate with organic ligand, and the ferrous iron of separating is by plant absorbing.
Produce CO in the fertilizer compost process 2When having water to have, make ferrous iron become ferric iron.
And magnesium sulfate at first absorbs the foul smell in the fertilizer:
MgSO 4+2NH 3↑+H 2O=Mg(OH) 2↓+(NH 4) 2SO 4
React with carbon dioxide then:
Mg(OH) 2+CO 2↑=MgCO 3↓+H 2O
Calcium superphosphate becomes ammonia into Ammonium biphosphate in system, can play package action.
Ca(H 2PO 4) 2+NH 3↑+XH 2O=NH 4H 2PO 4+Ca(OH) 2
Ca(OH) 2+CO 2↑=CaCO 3+H 2O
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, raw material is easy to get, and preparation easily, and is easy to use.
2, inorganic salt ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and three kinds of raw materials of calcium superphosphate of several kinds of combinations make an addition in the feces of livestock and poultry, have suppressed the generation of harmful gass such as hydrogen sulfide and ammonia, can bring into play deodorization immediately, kill worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria immediately.
3, the feces of livestock and poultry that uses livestock and poultry manure treating agent of the present invention to handle helps microbial growth in the soil, and crop is grown up strong and sturdy.
4, use livestock and poultry manure treating agent of the present invention can decompose the salt of soil, prevent that salinity from increasing, and has the effect of the soil property of improvement.
5, livestock and poultry manure treating agent of the present invention contains magnesium, phosphorus, handles feces of livestock and poultry with this agent, and the raising fertilizer efficiency is arranged, and promotes the effect of plant growth.
6, contain ferrous iron retention agent magnesium sulfate in the livestock and poultry manure treating agent of the present invention, can make the ferrous iron stable for extended periods of time, do not become ferric iron, fertilizer can long term store, continuous and effective.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
With feces of livestock and poultry elimination liquid, can use the filter screen drip-dry by feces of livestock and poultry, preparation livestock and poultry manure treating agent: 20 kilograms of 1 kilogram of weighing ferrous sulfate monohydrate, 0.3 kilogram of magnesium sulfate monohydrate and calcium superphosphate; At first magnesium sulfate is dissolved in 50 kg of water, in this aqueous solution, adds ferrous sulfate again, stirring makes molten; After add calcium superphosphate, continue to stir, obtain livestock and poultry manure treating agent; By the dried feces of livestock and poultry of 1000Kg, under condition of stirring, add above-mentioned livestock and poultry manure treating agent; Deodorization is finished dealing with after 2 hours, places 72 hours again, and the salinity in the feces decomposes to be accomplished; Remove foul smell and harmful gas in the feces of livestock and poultry, kill worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria, obtain the crops enhanced fertilizer.
Embodiment 2
With feces of livestock and poultry elimination liquid, can feces of livestock and poultry be dried preparation livestock and poultry manure treating agent: 15 kilograms of 0.5 kilogram of weighing ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, 0.1 kilogram of Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate and calcium superphosphate; At first magnesium sulfate is dissolved in 30 kg of water, in this aqueous solution, adds ferrous sulfate again, stirring makes molten; After add calcium superphosphate, continue to stir, obtain livestock and poultry manure treating agent; By the dried feces of livestock and poultry of 1000Kg, under condition of stirring, spray the above-mentioned livestock and poultry manure treating agent of adding; Deodorization is finished dealing with after 2 hours, places 5 days salinities in the feces again and decomposes completion, removes foul smell and harmful gas in the feces of livestock and poultry; Kill worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria, obtain the crops enhanced fertilizer.
Embodiment 3
With feces of livestock and poultry elimination liquid, the preparation livestock and poultry manure treating agent: 25 kilograms of 1.5 kilograms of weighing three aqueous ferrous sulfates, 0.4 kilogram of three water magnesium sulfate and calcium superphosphate, at first magnesium sulfate is dissolved in 60 kg of water, in this aqueous solution, add ferrous sulfate again; Stirring makes molten, after add calcium superphosphate, continue to stir; Obtain livestock and poultry manure treating agent, by the dried feces of livestock and poultry of 1000Kg, under condition of stirring; Spray the above-mentioned livestock and poultry manure treating agent of adding, deodorization is finished dealing with after 2 hours, places the 3-5 days salinities in the feces again and decomposes completion; Remove foul smell and harmful gas in the feces of livestock and poultry, kill worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria, obtain the crops enhanced fertilizer.
Embodiment 4
The preparation livestock and poultry manure treating agent: 10 kilograms of 1 kilogram of weighing ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, 0.15 kilogram of Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate and calcium superphosphate, at first magnesium sulfate is dissolved in 30 kg of water, in this aqueous solution, add ferrous sulfate again, stir make molten; After add calcium superphosphate, continue to stir, obtain livestock and poultry manure treating agent; By the dried feces of livestock and poultry of 1000Kg, under condition of stirring, add above-mentioned livestock and poultry manure treating agent; Deodorization is finished dealing with after 2 hours, places 3 days again, and the salinity in the feces decomposes to be accomplished; Remove foul smell and harmful gas in the feces of livestock and poultry, kill worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria, obtain the crops enhanced fertilizer.
Embodiment 5
In winter,, be put in the cement pit system of can macerating earlier 2 days with feces of livestock and poultry elimination liquid; Prepare livestock and poultry manure treating agent again: 30 kilograms of 2 kilograms of weighing ferrous sulfate heptahydrates, 0.5 kilogram of Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate and calcium superphosphate, at first magnesium sulfate is dissolved in 70 kg of water, in this aqueous solution, add ferrous sulfate again, stir make molten; After add calcium superphosphate, continue to stir, obtain livestock and poultry manure treating agent, by the dried feces of livestock and poultry of 1000Kg; Under condition of stirring, spray the above-mentioned livestock and poultry manure treating agent of adding, deodorization is finished dealing with after 2 hours; Again insulation is built with straw in the cement pit top, placed 15 days, the salinity in the feces decomposes to be accomplished; Can remove foul smell and harmful gas in the feces of livestock and poultry, kill worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria, obtain the crops enhanced fertilizer.
Quick-acting biological organic fertilizers with the innoxious feces of livestock and poultry compatibility one-tenth after the present invention's processing:
Product standard:
With Guangxi is example, knows that according to clay fertilizer station, Guangxi the fertilizer total nutrient: Guangxi soil crops to nutrient demand are:
Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium ratio are 1: 0.35: 0.55;
Require nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium total amount according to fertilizer is again: 6
The present invention's prescription is:
(N∶P 2O 5∶K 2O=3.16∶1.1∶1.85)≥6;
HA≥14;
Organic >=30;
Trace element: boron, copper, zinc, magnesium, manganese, ferrum, calcium, sulfur etc.;
Add water-retaining agent etc.;
Moisture (free water) content/(%)≤10;
Acidity-basicity ph 5.5-8.0;
Be the basis again with the quick-acting organic fertilizer, just can be made into various suitable fertilizer.
Application implementation example 1:
Adopt above product standard preparation base manure, according to the market demand, it is fertile to allot the required HA-compound of crop, as:
1. Oryza sativa L. is suitable for fertile: N-P-K content >=46%, and per mu yield 500-600Kg, the mu dose is 35-45Kg, and is disposable employed when harrowing a field, florescence, each spray of pustulation period are once.
This fertilizer mountains in a range Cheng Lu village, Heng County, Guangxi is on probation, and 220 yuan of fertilising costs increase by 150 kilograms of output.
2. Caulis Sacchari sinensis is suitable for fertile: N-P-K content >=49%, and sugarcane per mu yield 7-9 ton, mu dose 70-80Kg uses 35Kg during cultivation, make base fertilizer, spreads fertilizer over the fields the whole furrow in arable land, back, the wide 140-150 of furrow centimetre.The unearthed back of Caulis Sacchari sinensis to the 3-5 leaf phase generally need impose fertile 1-2 time of wean, robs the preceding row replacement of rain with 5 kilograms/mu at every turn.For promoting root growth, available fertilizer 500 of the present invention extraordinarily 1000 times of Caulis Sacchari sinensis is given birth to power liquid spray 1-2 time; During soil dressing, the Caulis Sacchari sinensis stem has begun jointing, can combine soil dressing mu to execute 15 kilograms; When Caulis Sacchari sinensis began to extend, the sugarcane stem also began to expand, and this stage fertilizer requirement is big, and general the combination earths up greatly, and mu is executed 10 kilograms; Big ridging back mu is executed 10Kg.The field wet soil of need in time pouring water before and after the fertilising, and advocate fertilising at dusk.
Casting skin fruit sugarcane per mu yield 9-10 ton, mu dose 120-150Kg.
Fertilizer of the present invention is on probation by five mountain areas, Daxin County, Guangxi, and effect is fine, and has reduced 4/1 with fertile cost than with thirty five import fertilizer, 1.5 tons of mu sugarcane production-increasings.
3. biological organic fertilizer that becomes with compatibility of the present invention and the suitable fertilizer that is made into also have: Eucalyptus is suitable for fertile, Fructus Capsici and is suitable for fertile, hami melon and is suitable for fertile, Citrullus vulgaris and is suitable for fertile, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens and is suitable for fertile, Maninot esculenta crantz. and is suitable for fertile, corn and is suitable for fertile, Semen arachidis hypogaeae and is suitable for fertile, Herba Alii fistulosi and is suitable for fertile Fructus Cucumidis sativi and is suitable for fertile, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and is suitable for fertile, Fructus Vitis viniferae and is suitable for fertile or the like.
Application implementation example 2
The effect of the vegetable enhanced fertilizer that becomes with feces of livestock and poultry compatibility of the present invention
At the adjacent last Plantula Brassicae chinensis of planting of 3 experimental plot A, B, C, 0.1 mu in every field:
A execute in the field 50 kilograms of crops potentiation that become with feces of livestock and poultry compatibility of the present invention be suitable for fertilizer (N-P-K content >=49%, during the arable land, evenly liming 20-25Kg is on ground; Base manure is executed 20Kg, and the lotus seat phase is executed 25Kg, stays 5Kg; Convert 100-200Kg water with 1Kg fertilizer, convert the water pouring and execute for several times.
Spray product of the present invention (name of product: blade face, the northern part of the country is precious) seedling stage 3-4 time.
B executes in the field 20 kilograms of undressed fresh feces of livestock and poultry;
C executes in the field 20 kilograms of plant ash, after 30 days, and 750 kilograms of A field results Plantula Brassicae chinensis; 150 kilograms of B field results Plantula Brassicae chinensis, 150 kilograms of C field results Plantula Brassicae chinensis, the Plantula Brassicae chinensis in A field is sturdy; Tender, green, crisp, the Plantula Brassicae chinensis in B field gives out a foul smell owing to use fresh feces of livestock and poultry; Crawled into violation by mouse, Plantula Brassicae chinensis is also looked bad, and the dish leaf has small holes caused by worms; The Plantula Brassicae chinensis in C field is tender inadequately, green, crisp.

Claims (1)

1. the processing method of a feces of livestock and poultry is characterized in that: by proportioning weight weighing ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate and calcium superphosphate, at first that magnesium sulfate is water-soluble; In this aqueous solution, add ferrous sulfate again, stir make dissolving fully after, after add calcium superphosphate; Continue to stir, obtain livestock and poultry manure treating agent, add the component that the weight 4-7 of livestock and poultry manure treating agent rises by the dried feces of livestock and poultry of every 1000Kg then livestock and poultry manure treating agent is sprayed onto in the feces of livestock and poultry; Or livestock and poultry manure treating agent and feces of livestock and poultry stirred; Naturally placed 3-5 days, obtain not having foul smell and harmful gas, can kill the crops enhanced fertilizer of worm's ovum and pathogenic bacteria;
The composition of above-mentioned each raw material and parts by weight are:
Ferrous sulfate 8-15 part;
Magnesium sulfate 1-3 part;
Calcium superphosphate 180-250 part;
Water 40-100 part.
CN2009101143730A 2009-09-07 2009-09-07 Livestock and poultry manure treating method Expired - Fee Related CN101665312B (en)

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CN102674940B (en) * 2012-06-16 2013-12-18 重庆市中绿农业开发有限责任公司 Special organic-inorganic mixed fertilizer for cash crops
CN103012020B (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-08-13 四川省自然资源科学研究院 Deodorized nitrogen-conserving agent and using method thereof
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