CN104206361A - Stereoscopic circulating type automatic separation and cultivation device for older earthworms and application thereof - Google Patents

Stereoscopic circulating type automatic separation and cultivation device for older earthworms and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104206361A
CN104206361A CN201410472865.8A CN201410472865A CN104206361A CN 104206361 A CN104206361 A CN 104206361A CN 201410472865 A CN201410472865 A CN 201410472865A CN 104206361 A CN104206361 A CN 104206361A
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China
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earthworm
cultivator
marriage
separated
breeding box
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CN201410472865.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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曹振寿
强恒珍
曹强
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Individual
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Abstract

The invention discloses a stereoscopic circulating type automatic separation and cultivation device for older earthworms and an application of the stereoscopic circulating type automatic separation and cultivation device. The stereoscopic circulating type automatic separation and cultivation device is characterized in that a cultivation shed is supported by four stand columns in a suspended leg form and is composed of a front wall, a rear wall, a left side wall, a right side wall and a ceiling; the bottom of the cultivation shed is opened and a slide way is arranged on the opening; a cultivation box arranged in the cultivation shed is supported by the slide way; the cultivation box is opened and one layer of moisture-keeping grass curtain covers the opening of the cultivation box; the cultivation box takes a screen plate with screen holes as a bottom plate or takes a grid plate with a gap as the bottom plate; the earthworms can pass through the diameter of the screen hole and the width of the gap. The stereoscopic circulating type automatic separation and cultivation device is directly mounted in an application field so that the earthworms are automatically separated; earthworm cast only needs to be cleaned periodically and earthworm feed is added; the economic benefits are very good.

Description

The above the average age for marriage earthworm of a kind of stereo circulating is separated cultivator and application thereof automatically
Technical field
The present invention relates to earthworm breeding device and ecological agriculture cycle applications thereof.
Background technology
From late nineteenth century, Darwin points out: " earthworm is the animal of most worthy the earth, except earthworm faecal pellet, does not have fertile soil ", and " earthworm is the bosom friend of the mankind " etc., this gives the evaluation of height in the effect of the Nature to earthworm.
Propagating earthworm artificially is an emerging cause, and modern earthworm researcher and operator think, the industry is " industry of profit, healthy bodyguard, the person who has rendered outstanding service of environmental protection ".But vermiculture industry fails to be formed scale on essential meaning, industrialization so far.Main cause be breeding earthworm and not equal to so simple, it is time-consuming, especially there is very large problem at the environment collecting into earthworm.Although have " light is followed the example of ", " screening method ", " mass trapping " etc. in theory.No matter the first complexity of its method itself, specifically implements with regard to it, is all be separated with feed by earthworm, thus obtains into earthworm.But young earthworm can only together be separated with one-tenth earthworm by existing method, and this obviously wastes valuable young earthworm resource.In addition, for scale, it stores and transport, especially sells and all exists not convenient greatly, even comprise the height of price, and expensive nobody want, and low no one supports.All this kind all makes the utilization for earthworm be subject to great obstruction.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is the deficiency for avoiding existing for above-mentioned prior art; the above the average age for marriage earthworm of a kind of stereo circulating is provided automatically to be separated cultivator and application thereof; automatically the carrier that cultivator is breeding earthworm is separated with the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating; be aided with the application of setting place targetedly; earthworm is made to obtain self-loopa in cultivation and application; eliminate it and become the obstacle in the links such as earthworm separation, accumulating and sale; make the utilization for earthworm realize scale, normalization, promote the development of Eco-Agricultural Circular Economy.
The present invention is that technical solution problem adopts following technical scheme:
The above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating of the present invention is separated cultivator automatically, is characterized in: support raising shed with four root posts in hanging pin form, described raising shed is made up of antetheca, rear wall, left side wall, right side wall and ceiling, and the bottom of described raising shed is uncovered; Described uncovered on be provided with slideway, the breeding box being placed in raising shed is held by slideway holder; Described breeding box is uncovered, is stamped one deck moisturizing straw screen or mat on the uncovered upper berth of breeding box, and breeding box is with meshed web plate for base plate, or to be with apertured screen for base plate, mesh diameter and gap width are into earthworm by being as the criterion.
The above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating of the present invention is separated cultivator automatically, its feature is: be provided with the induction web plate with through hole in the below of described slideway, described induction web plate is together or is twice, and on described induction web plate, the diameter of through hole is the twice of mesh diameter or gap width on breeding box base plate.
The ceiling structure of described raising shed is set to: being connected with hinge in centre by left and right two panels top board forms hinge-type ceiling, described hinge-type ceiling is sentenced median septum at hinge and is supported, and can the form in hinge centered by hinge upwards launch, the top board launched is by the rotating strut be arranged on crossbeam and pin fixed support, and described crossbeam is in the top being horizontally fixed on two heel posts.
The antetheca of described raising shed and rear wall are can the sliding door of left and right push-and-pull, and left side wall and right side wall are set to the shutter that can ventilate.
On described each column, the below being positioned at raising shed is provided with lampshade type protective cover.
Arranging for wet pipe in described raising shed, the wet bottom of pipe of described confession communicates with water source, and fill water-absorbing sponge in wet pipe, the sponge grown for wet pipe bottom is immersed in water, and the sponge grown for pipe upper end of wetting is placed on moisturizing straw screen or mat; Between breeding box and shutter, be provided with tank, the described confession pipe that wets passes in described tank, and the sponge that pipe upper end grows that wets all contacts with aqueous phase in tank with moisturizing straw screen or mat in described confession.
The above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating of the present invention is separated the application of cultivator automatically, its feature is also, utilize described column to be directly fixedly mounted on by cultivator with earthworm to be the application places of feed, or float base is set in the bottom of column, being utilized by described cultivator float directly to swim in earthworm is in the application waters of feed.
Utilize described column to be directly fixedly mounted on by cultivator with earthworm to be the application places of feed, or arrange float base in the bottom of column, utilizing float directly to swim in earthworm described cultivator is in the application waters of feed; After described cultivator installs, drop into feed and plant earthworm in breeding box, periodic cleaning wormcast also supplements qualified earthworm feedstuff simultaneously in breeding box can automatic cycle cultivation.
Compared with the prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in:
1, long-time practice and observation find, earthworm grow to into earthworm backward adsorption capacity decline gradually, and it is very sensitive to ventilation, at proper temperature and lucifuge to like outside breeding box movable, but owing to becoming the decline of earthworm adsorption capacity, be easy to fall down from breeding box, observe and find, that falls down from breeding box more than 85% is into earthworm.The present invention utilizes this situation to make into earthworm just and automatically obtains separation, as long as the use periodic cleaning wormcast of apparatus of the present invention, adds the automatic separation that earthworm feedstuff can be embodied as earthworm.
2, the use of apparatus of the present invention can eliminate into earthworm and collects, stores, transports and all too many levels such as sale, reach the outstanding effect that output becomes earthworm and terminal of feeding directly to dock, directly increasing economic efficiency, is a splendid approach effectively utilizing earthworm.
3, apparatus of the present invention are as the processing factory that directly can produce fresh and alive earthworm, solve the problem in short supply of the protein feed of cultivation poultry, save special farming site.The aquatic green fodder that simultaneously can also be supplied to every mu of water surface more than 20 square metre is put and is planted platform, also directly for cultivated soft-shelled turtle and batrachia provide plant bait and half space.
4, earthworm is for feed with agricultural crop straw and fowl and animal excrement etc., therefore namely apparatus of the present invention itself are conversion stations that can digest agricultural crop straw and fowl and animal excrement etc., avoid the air pollution problems inherent that Burning Straws brings to a certain extent, and fowl and animal excrement overflows the difficult problem of contaminated soil.
5, apparatus of the present invention can regulate temperature, humidity, ventilation etc., for earthworm provides the growing environment more adapted to.
6, apparatus of the present invention are owing to arranging protective cover, can effectively for avoiding the harm of the hostile earthworm in the sky of the earthworm such as ant, mouse.
7, apparatus of the present invention can be widely used on the water surfaces for aquaculture such as lake, reservoir, pond or on fowl and livestock farm, can be widely used in meeting in the efficient duplex agricultural projects of aquatic, the terrestrial organism mutual tolerance symbiosis of Ecological Principle.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is appearance schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is interior schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is breeding box structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 4 induces mesh-plate structure schematic diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is float understructure schematic diagram in the present invention;
Number in the figure: 1 column, 1a bottom support, 2 raising sheds, 2a top board, 2b median septum, 2c crossbeam, 3 slideways, 4 breeding box, 4a base plate, 5 moisturizing straw screen or mat, 6 induction web plates, 7 lampshade type protective covers, 8 struts, 9 pins, 10 for wet pipe, 11a sliding door, 11b shutter, 12 float bases.
Embodiment
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the present embodiment neutral body vibrational power flow that above the average age for marriage earthworm is separated cultivator automatically that circulates be: support raising shed 2 with four root posts 1 in hanging pin form, raising shed 2 is made up of antetheca, rear wall, left side wall, right side wall and ceiling, and the bottom of raising shed 2 is uncovered; On uncovered, be provided with slideway 3, the breeding box 4 being placed in raising shed 2 is held in the palm by slideway 3 to hold; Breeding box 4 is uncovered, is stamped one deck moisturizing straw screen or mat 5 on the uncovered upper berth of breeding box 4, and breeding box 4 is with meshed web plate for base plate 4a, or to be with apertured screen for base plate 4a, mesh diameter and gap width are into earthworm by being as the criterion.
In concrete enforcement, corresponding structural device also comprises:
Be provided with the induction web plate 6 with through hole in the below of slideway 3, induction web plate 6 is together or is twice, and on induction web plate 6, the diameter of through hole is the twice of mesh diameter or gap width on breeding box base plate.
The ceiling structure of raising shed 2 is set to: being connected with hinge in centre by left and right two panels top board 2a forms hinge-type ceiling, hinge-type ceiling is sentenced median septum 2b at hinge and is supported, and can the form in hinge centered by hinge upwards launch, the top board launched is by the rotating strut 8 be arranged on crossbeam 2c and pin 9 fixed support, and crossbeam 2c is in the top being horizontally fixed on two heel posts 1.
The antetheca of raising shed 2 and rear wall are can the sliding door 11a of left and right push-and-pull, and left side wall and right side wall are set to the shutter 11b that can ventilate.
On each column 1, the below being positioned at raising shed 2 is provided with lampshade type protective cover 7.
Arrange for wet pipe 10 in raising shed 2, the bottom for wet pipe 10 communicates with water source, fills water-absorbing sponge in wet pipe, and the sponge grown for wet pipe bottom is immersed in water, and the sponge grown for wet pipe upper end is placed on moisturizing straw screen or mat 5; Between breeding box and shutter 11b, be provided with tank, pass for wet pipe in tank, the sponge grown for wet pipe upper end all contacts with aqueous phase in tank with moisturizing straw screen or mat 5.
The application that above the average age for marriage earthworm is separated cultivator automatically that circulates of the present embodiment neutral body is: the application places utilizing column 1 to be directly fixedly mounted on by cultivator with earthworm to be feed, or float base 12 is set in the bottom of column 1, being utilized by cultivator float directly to swim in earthworm is in the application waters of feed.
The present embodiment neutral body method that above the average age for marriage earthworm is separated cultivator breeding earthworm automatically that circulates is: the application places utilizing column 1 to be directly fixedly mounted on by cultivator with earthworm to be feed, or float base 12 is set in the bottom of column 1, being utilized by cultivator float directly to swim in earthworm is in the application waters of feed; After cultivator installs, drop into feed and plant earthworm in breeding box, periodic cleaning wormcast also supplements qualified earthworm feedstuff simultaneously in breeding box can automatic cycle cultivation.
The present embodiment neutral body erection sequence that above the average age for marriage earthworm is separated cultivator automatically that circulates is:
First four root posts 1 being utilized bottom support 1a, crossbeam 2c, slideway 3 and being used for placing induces the induction web plate slideway of web plate 6 to be fixed connection, then the wet pipe of four confessions is installed in both sides, and on four root posts, lampshade type protective cover 7 is installed, place breeding box 4, then top board 2a is installed namely completes installation; Subsequently, load the earthworm feedstuff become thoroughly decomposed with agricultural crop straw and fowl and animal excrement mixing after fermentation in breeding box 4, namely inoculation kind of an earthworm comes into operation.
Temperature is the key factor of earthworm growth reproduction, utilizes pin 9 to prop top board 2a, falls strut 8 in temperature lower than when 15 DEG C, top board 2a is resetted when temperature exceeds 30 DEG C with strut 8, and can overlap the overcoat that last layer black heat absorption cloth makes.Can also adopt that the patent No. is ZL93245987.0, name is called: a kind of technical scheme of circulating water temp. controller carries out the cultivation of temperature control realization constant temperature, and annual production can be made to increase several times.
Humidity is one of key factor of vermiculture equally, arranges for wet pipe 10, utilize absorbent sponge to absorb water in the present embodiment, changes and can adjust for wet for the diameter of wet pipe or the contact area of adjustment water-absorbing sponge and moisturizing straw screen or mat 5;
Ventilate be one of key factor of vermiculture equally, in the present embodiment raising shed 2 not only bottomless, be also set to shutter in both sides, can well-ventilated be ensured.
Induce web plate to be that induction web plate can be set to one deck or two-layer in order to regulate the earthworm fallen how many in the present embodiment, induction web plate is placed the green fodder of earthworm eating or made derivant according to the hobby of earthworm.Generally without the need to using induction web plate, when the earthworm speed of breeding in breeding box has a full house, just use when simultaneously wishing to throw something and feed earthworm, one deck or two-layerly can to determine as required more.
Automatically cultivator is separated, the conventional cultivation technology of a GPRS earthworm for the present embodiment neutral body above the average age for marriage earthworm of circulating, periodically clears up wormcast and add earthworm feedstuff.
The present invention utilizes the agricultural crop straw of abundance and the rotten private school of fowl and animal excrement mixing after fermentation to make earthworm feedstuff, directly be placed in application places, above the average age for marriage earthworm directly falls in water the cuisines having become the aquatic animals such as fish soft-shelled turtle, solves the protein feed shortage problem of aquatic animal and terrestrial animal admirably.Finished product directly docks with application terminal by the present invention, and the one-tenth earthworm eliminated in existing vermiculture method collects, stores, transports, particularly the intermediate link such as sale, saving of work and time, decrease trouble, save a large amount of operation cost expenses, economic benefit significantly improves; Also save and be used for the place of breeding earthworm specially, and the harm of easily prevention earthworm natural enemy ant, mouse etc.Of the present invention applying carrys out once breakthrough development by China's vermiculture industrial belt; A green revolution will be brought to the compound agricultural of China's ecological circulation.
Embodiment 1:
Loach fish, lotus rhizome, batrachia, fruit tree, feed Lay, earthworm are circulated compound Eco-agriculture project.Basic practice and layout: flatly, planting fruit tree in the ridge, the surrounding pool, plants Russian feed Lay in the ranks, Lotus planting in the pool, put loach fish or swamp eel in a suitable place to breed in pool.Pool surrounding purse seine fences up, and forms the general layout of outer tight interior pine, puts the U.S. frog or wood frog in a suitable place to breed.Every 50 square metres of waters surface arrange an above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating of the present invention and are automatically separated cultivator.As long as carry out necessary operation.Automatically the earthworm fallen provides animal protein feed to loach fish or swamp eel, batrachia.The earthworm excrement scraped off during the new earthworm feedstuff of each interpolation is the best fertilizer of lotus rhizome, feed Lay, fruit tree.Loach fish loosened lotus root ambient earth promote lotus root growth grow, lotus rhizome fibrous root etc. give loach fish provide plant bait, loach fish excreta provides nutrient to lotus rhizome.Above-mentioned environment provides splendid living environment to amphibian batrachia.The formation of visible above-mentioned Lu Sheng, aquatic animals and plants is depended on each other for existence, optimum ecological circulation favourable and harmless each other touches formula.Namely its key link is the utilization of " the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating is separated cultivator and application technology thereof automatically ".No person animal lacks protein feed, plant lacks fertilizer, and above-mentioned project can not be perfect.The output value after above-mentioned compound cycle Eco-agriculture project enforcement is 5 one 7 times of this mouthful of pool one-product operation output value.Woods shade, greenweed, clear water lotus, frog sound a slice simultaneously, pollution-free beautiful scenery.Therefore this project ecotope Be very effective, circulating energy-saving economic effect is given prominence to.
Example 2:
Water surface for aquaculture a slice, economic forest of planting on the bank, feed Lay, surrounding is arranged anti-escapes wall, puts ecological soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed and be applicable to and fish that soft-shelled turtle is raised together with in water.Above the water surface, " the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating is separated cultivator automatically " is set, every 50 square metres one, as long as put into qualified angleworm bait, inoculation kind of earthworm, carry out necessary operation on request, then regularly scrape off wormcast, add fresh angleworm bait, above the average age for marriage earthworm just can be fallen in water automatically.Circulation like this, each device is all earthworm protein supply stations, and base is to provide the plantation platform of aquatic green fodder, also can do the half space of soft-shelled turtle.This ecological soft-shelled turtle is cooked albumen with earthworm and raises section, also more delicious than wild soft-shelled turtle taste.Wormcast provides fertilizer to feed Lay, fruit tree, also adds nutrient to water body, promotes fish growth.Visible employing the technology of the present invention, energy-saving and environmental protection, ecological benefits, remarkable in economical benefits.
Embodiment 3:
Above duck ranch's sports ground, every 30 square metres are arranged one " the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating is separated cultivator automatically ".Employing stand column fixing is installed, and highly overhead one meter, handled easily is as the criterion, and on the ground that this device is corresponding, the cement pit periodic cleaning repairing along high 10 centimetres keeps clean.Other item is the same.The bright spot of this embodiment most critical is: through long-term practice checking, the duck delicious meat of supporting as protein feed with earthworm, fragrance attacks people, enjoys endless aftertastes after eating.Obviously, with this kind of earthworm duck raising technology, the duck of forming is by cuisines industry special for formation one, and the non-ratio of economic benefit is general.

Claims (8)

1. the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating is separated cultivator automatically, it is characterized in that: support raising shed (2) with four root posts (1) in hanging pin form, described raising shed (2) is made up of antetheca, rear wall, left side wall, right side wall and ceiling, and the bottom of described raising shed (2) is uncovered; Described uncovered on be provided with slideway (3), the breeding box (4) being placed in raising shed (2) is held in the palm by slideway (3) to hold; Described breeding box (4) is for uncovered, one deck moisturizing straw screen or mat (5) is stamped on the uncovered upper berth of breeding box (4), breeding box (4) is with meshed web plate for base plate (4a), or to be with apertured screen for base plate (4a), mesh diameter and gap width are into earthworm by being as the criterion.
2. the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating according to claim 1 is separated cultivator automatically, it is characterized in that: be provided with the induction web plate (6) with through hole in the below of described slideway (3), described induction web plate (6) is together or is twice, and the diameter of the upper through hole of described induction web plate (6) is the twice of mesh diameter or gap width on breeding box base plate.
3. the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating according to claim 1 is separated cultivator automatically, it is characterized in that the ceiling structure of described raising shed (2) is set to: being connected with hinge in centre by left and right two panels top board (2a) forms hinge-type ceiling, described hinge-type ceiling is sentenced median septum (2b) at hinge and is supported, and can the form in hinge centered by hinge upwards launch, the top board launched is by the rotating strut (8) be arranged on crossbeam (2c) and pin (9) fixed support, described crossbeam (2c) is in the top being horizontally fixed on two heel posts (1).
4. the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating according to claim 1 is separated cultivator automatically, it is characterized in that: the antetheca of described raising shed (2) and rear wall are can the sliding door (11a) of left and right push-and-pull, and left side wall and right side wall are set to the shutter (11b) that can ventilate.
5. the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating according to claim 1 is separated cultivator automatically, it is characterized in that: on described each column (1), and the below being positioned at raising shed (2) is provided with lampshade type protective cover (7).
6. the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating according to claim 1 is separated cultivator automatically, it is characterized in that: arrange for wet pipe (10) in described raising shed (2), the bottom of the wet pipe (10) of described confession communicates with water source, water-absorbing sponge is filled in wet pipe, the sponge grown for wet pipe bottom is immersed in water, and the sponge grown for wet pipe upper end is placed on moisturizing straw screen or mat (5); Between breeding box and shutter (11b), be provided with tank, the described confession pipe that wets passes in described tank, and the sponge that pipe upper end grows that wets all contacts with aqueous phase in tank with moisturizing straw screen or mat (5) in described confession.
7. the above the average age for marriage earthworm of stereo circulating according to claim 1 is separated the application of cultivator automatically, it is characterized in that, utilize described column (1) to be directly fixedly mounted on by cultivator with earthworm to be the application places of feed, or float base (12) is set in the bottom of column (1), being utilized by described cultivator float directly to swim in earthworm is in the application waters of feed.
8. the method utilizing the above the average age for marriage earthworm of the stereo circulating described in claim 1 to be automatically separated cultivator breeding earthworm, it is characterized in that: the application places utilizing described column (1) to be directly fixedly mounted on by cultivator with earthworm to be feed, or float base (12) is set in the bottom of column (1), being utilized by described cultivator float directly to swim in earthworm is in the application waters of feed; After described cultivator installs, drop into feed and plant earthworm in breeding box, periodic cleaning wormcast also supplements qualified earthworm feedstuff simultaneously in breeding box can automatic cycle cultivation.
CN201410472865.8A 2014-09-17 2014-09-17 Stereoscopic circulating type automatic separation and cultivation device for older earthworms and application thereof Pending CN104206361A (en)

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CN105875424A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-08-24 林少明 Animal raising box
CN106376529A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-02-08 江苏步龙生物科技有限公司 Intensive earthworm culturing system
CN110558287A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-12-13 河南大学 Double-layer ant culture observation box
CN112965544A (en) * 2021-02-03 2021-06-15 山东益方农牧科技有限公司 Intelligent management method and system for temperature in breeding house

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CN201424714Y (en) * 2009-03-24 2010-03-17 周天一 Rat-proof blocking device
CN201742772U (en) * 2010-07-22 2011-02-16 崔壮壮 Automatic watering flower pot
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875424A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-08-24 林少明 Animal raising box
CN106376529A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-02-08 江苏步龙生物科技有限公司 Intensive earthworm culturing system
CN110558287A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-12-13 河南大学 Double-layer ant culture observation box
CN110558287B (en) * 2019-07-29 2021-12-07 河南大学 Double-layer ant culture observation box
CN112965544A (en) * 2021-02-03 2021-06-15 山东益方农牧科技有限公司 Intelligent management method and system for temperature in breeding house

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Application publication date: 20141217