CN104186233A - Frame beam slope greening method and frame beam slope greening facility - Google Patents

Frame beam slope greening method and frame beam slope greening facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104186233A
CN104186233A CN201410404339.8A CN201410404339A CN104186233A CN 104186233 A CN104186233 A CN 104186233A CN 201410404339 A CN201410404339 A CN 201410404339A CN 104186233 A CN104186233 A CN 104186233A
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China
Prior art keywords
ecology bag
sash beam
side slope
sash
bag
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Pending
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CN201410404339.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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申新山
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申新山
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Priority to CN201410404339.8A priority Critical patent/CN104186233A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The invention discloses a frame beam slope greening method and a frame beam slope greening facility. The method comprises the following steps that S1, frame beams are cast; S2, ecological bags are stacked in the frame beams. The ecological bags are staked to be of a layer structure, and a seepage prevention layer is laid between every two layers of ecological bags. Seepage discharge pipes are arranged between the ecological layers and the seepage prevention layers. Joints of the frame beams are provided with anchor rods to be reinforced. According to the frame beam slope greening method and the frame beam slope greening facility, construction is easy and convenient, the limit of a slope shape is small, plants can fast grow and root on the ecological bags or vegetation bags, planting speed is high, lawns are fast to form, the coverage rate is high, water and soil losses and landsides can be avoided, and the problem that the interiors of high and steep slope engineering frame beams are hard to green is solved. In addition, the ecological bags are adopted, the sowing quantity can be saved, the production cost can be lowered, the seed density can be set according to needs, and multi-grass-seed mixed lawns can be produced according to the scientific ratio.

Description

A kind of sash beam method for greening side slope and sash beam greening side slope facility
Technical field
The present invention relates to greening side slope technical field, more specifically relate to a kind of sash beam method for greening side slope and sash beam greening side slope facility.
Background technology
Along with the development of urban construction, ecotope constantly suffers certain destruction, the engineering constructions such as road in city, sight spot, mountain area, reservoir dam form the steep bare side sloping surface of a wound of a large amount of height, bring a lot of hidden dangers to pedestrian, vehicle and surrounding environment, cause large-area vegetation degeneration simultaneously, inharmonious with periphery natural landscape.Available technology adopting the sash beam of hard bare slope is reinforced to bank protection, effectively reach the safety and stability of side slope, and domaticly still cannot recover original vegetation.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problem that will solve
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is that when how making side slope obtain reinforcing, exposed part can be afforested.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of sash beam method for greening side slope, said method comprising the steps of:
S1, in side slope, build sash beam;
S2, put ecology bag at described sash beam ISN.
Preferably, described ecology bag is piled up according to three horizontal perpendicular patterns from bottom to top along domatic in sash beam slope, becomes ecology bag layer structure; Backfill planting soil or slag stone soil in the space of described ecology bag layer and side slope surface, and compacting.
Preferably, between described ecology bag layer, lay impervious barrier.
Preferably, between described ecology bag layer and impervious barrier, drainage pipe is set.
Preferably, the Nodes of described sash beam arranges anchor pole and reinforces; Described sash beam bottom is buried rubble bag or flexible porous tube underground to discharge Bedrock Crevice Water.
Preferably, described ecology bag replaces with vegetation bag.
A kind of sash beam greening side slope facility, comprises sash beam, and described frame beam is positioned on side slope surface, on the side slope surface in described sash beam, is ecology bag.
Preferably, the described ecology bag pattern of piling up is to pile up according to three horizontal perpendicular patterns from bottom to top along domatic in sash beam slope, and becomes ecology bag layer structure.
Preferably, between described ecology bag layer, impervious barrier is set; Between described ecology bag layer and impervious barrier, drainage pipe is set.
Preferably, described ecology bag replaces with vegetation bag.
(3) beneficial effect
The invention provides a kind of sash beam method for greening side slope and sash beam greening side slope facility, the method and greening installation construction are simple and convenient, be subject to domatic restriction little, plant can take root on ecology bag or vegetation bag in ramp, planting speed is fast, becomes level ground rapid, and coverage rate is high, and there will not be water and soil loss and landslide phenomenon, solved the difficult problem of greening in high gradient slope engineering sash beam.Use in addition ecology bag can save sowing quantity, reduce production costs, can set as required seed density, can also produce many grass seeds mixed lawn by scientific matching.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 carries out according to a kind of sash beam method for greening side slope of the present invention the structural representation that side slope is fixed and afforested.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples are used for illustrating the present invention, but can not be used for limiting the scope of the invention.
Fig. 1 carries out according to a kind of sash beam method for greening side slope of the present invention the structural representation that side slope is fixed and afforested; Method of the present invention comprises the following steps:
S1, in side slope, build sash beam 1, described sash beam is with domatic vertical;
S11, by smooth the side slope cleaning in described sash beam, adopt artificial or machinery to get rid of domatic float stone and danger stone;
S12, process basic pin in described sash beam; Basic pin in smooth described sash beam, uneven place adopts sandstone to level up, and local settling section can adopt pouring concrete;
S2, put ecology bag 2 at described sash beam ISN.By described ecology bag by layer successively, sash beam domatic interior along domatic from bottom to top, pile up in sash beam according to three horizontal perpendicular patterns, described ecology bag and domatic between space in backfill planting soil or slag stone soil, compacted backfill and ecology bag; Ecology bag is piled up after certain altitude, lays one deck impervious barrier, and described impervious barrier is at least 1 layer, and described impervious barrier, between two-layer ecology bag layer, and adopts pouring concrete to flexible ecological soil engineering bag inward flange from limit, slope; In laying ecology bag and impervious barrier process, drainage pipe is uniformly distributed and is arranged between ecology bag layer and impervious barrier.
Ecology bag is laid after completion, to mixed plant seed or plantation is chosen in advance thereon the shrub nursery stock of sowing grass seeds by duster on it.
The anchor pole that increases 2m-3m length at described sash girder connection place carries out reinforcement protection.Described sash beam section is of a size of 20 × 25cm, the long 4.2m of unit framework, high 2.7m.Described sash beam adopts No. 25 concrete cast-in-situs, and reinforcing bar, cement, sand, stone material require and match ratio is constructed according to civil engineering technical specification; The specification of described ecology bag is generally 815mm × 440mm (long × wide), after packing rational soil into, be of a size of 680mm × 320mm × 150mm (length × wide × height), described ecology bag is a kind of geotechnological cloth of on-woven, and it is the High Strength Plane stabilizing material being become by polypropylene (PP) or polyester fiber (PET) acupuncture.The ecology bag of this formulated can anti-ultravioletly corrode, and is not subject to the impact of chemical substance in soil; Ecology bag moisture resistant, does not absorb moisture simultaneously, and moisture can not destroy sack, and sack also can not be out of shape, be insoluble to contaminated liquid, and there is anti-UV, anti-aging, nontoxic, not combustion-supporting, good stability, breach such as does not extend at the feature, has physics and water permeability for industry accreditation.
The afforesting matrix of described ecology bag filling can be mixed and stirred and be formed by 5 parts of loess, 2 parts of river sand, 3 parts of peat soils and a small amount of composite fertilizer, and it makes key is the rational proportion of grass seeds.Described afforesting matrix can be according to actual conditions Rational Composition and proportioning.
In described step S1, by the clear slope of civil engineering technical specification, then manually repair slope by greening technique requirement, repair slope after domatic entirety should be smooth, nature.Domatic fluctuating between each two sash beams should not exceed 15cm, otherwise by increase cast-in-place concrete and the quantity of banketing, and Slope Stability is unfavorable.If slope rock mass developmental joint fissure, domatic utmost point out-of-flatness, or there is shallow stability problem and concordant rocky slope location, need establish at sash girder connection place or in the middle part of the crossbeam of sash beam anchor pole, the general length of anchor pole is crisscross arranged, can lengthen as one sees fit anchor pole to 3~5m, the concrete anchor pole quantity increasing is determined with on-site actual situations, to guarantee stability of slope.Excessively steep when side slope, when ecology bag self can not be stablized, should lay wire netting in ecology bag outside and fix, sequence of construction is for first laying, after beat swell fixture at sash beam sides, the laying that is beneficial to wire netting is smooth-going, and slightly stretch-draw be close to domatic.
Artificial formwork erection pastes the cast-in-place sash beam in slope domatic, high 20cm, and the vertical domatic height 25cm of Vierendeel girder on domatic, should ensure that whole domatic Vierendeel girder is smooth-going, nature.
Domatic longitudinal grooved, draws to lead to and buries the permeable bourdon tube of Φ 38mm underground, and extend to the gutter of side slope, discharges Bedrock Crevice Water.The section of local infiltration is buried rubble bag and flexible porous tube underground to discharge Bedrock Crevice Water in the unit framework bottom of sash beam.
The nutritive mud that contains grass seeds is sowed grass seeds by duster on ecology bag equably with spray seeder, and on ecology bag program request shrub seed (3 caves/m 2, 2 kinds of seed/every caves, totally 4~6 seed/every caves).After grass, shrub emerge, other shrub of planting (not planting arbor).
The Main Function of described ecology bag is to provide the matrix of grass tree growth, thereby it can ensure that except wanting grass tree absorbs the supply of moisture, contain outside the required nutrient of grass tree growth, in the time that preparing burden, it also should take into full account local climate characteristic, make its structure be suitable for the growth of grass tree, and have certain intensity and gas permeability, its pH value should remain in the scope of plant the most suitable growth growth; And constructed by the greening company that has relevant successful experience.
The described ecology bag undershrub of planting has two kinds of modes, presses seedling method and planting method, density be generally 2-5 strain/square metre.
Press seedling method: when code is built ecology bag, the complete one deck sack of code is put nursery stock according to 15cm spacing on sack, avoid nursery stock to be placed in the space between ecology bag, prevent that root system is blank, put nursery stock, the code second layer again, by that analogy, has pressed and has watered in time afterwards.Pressing the feature of seedling method is that seedling root buried depth degree is large, can not prune root system, strong drought resistance, and survival rate is high.
Planting method: after the complete treating selvedge of code is domatic, start the nursery stock of planting, first seedling root is pruned, on ecology bag, use drill rod (diameter 12mm) according to 15cm spacing puncture, the degree of depth is greater than 8cm, and nursery stock is placed in hole, closely knit by pounding around hole again, water seasoning.Planting method will note the depth of planting of nursery stock to be greater than 8cm, plants closely knit.
Described ecology bag has following advantage:
1, thickness of sowing stable and uniform, seed are difficult for moving, ecology bag size specification, and good toughness, be applicable to large area planting, and planting speed is fast, becomes level ground rapid, and coverage rate is high.
2, ecology bag can ensure growth substrate more than thickness 30cm, is beneficial to plant long term growth, and opposing adverse environment ability is strong, simple to operate, time and labour saving.
3, can effectively economize the land resource, save sowing quantity, reduce production costs, can set as required seed density, can also produce many grass seeds mixed lawn by scientific matching.
4, ecology bag material can rot to decompose naturally, can spoiled soil structure, and not polluted source, is beneficial to the late growing stages of the vegetation such as lawn.
Ecology bag in method of the present invention can be plant with vegetation bag or other provides the device of planting soil to replace, construction of the present invention is simple and convenient, be subject to domatic restriction little, plant can take root on ecology bag or vegetation bag in ramp, planting speed is fast, becomes level ground rapid, and coverage rate is high, and there will not be water and soil loss and landslide phenomenon, solved the difficult problem of greening in high gradient slope engineering sash beam.
The present invention also provides a kind of sash beam greening side slope facility, comprises sash beam, and described frame beam is positioned on side slope surface, on the side slope surface in described sash beam, is ecology bag; By described ecology bag by layer successively, in sash beam slope along domatic from bottom to top, pile up in sash beam according to three horizontal perpendicular patterns, described ecology bag and domatic between space in backfill planting soil or slag stone soil, the certain altitude of ecology bag arranges one deck impervious barrier, described impervious barrier is at least 1 layer, described impervious barrier between two-layer ecology bag layer, and from limit, slope adopt pouring concrete to flexible ecological soil engineering bag inward flange; Drainage pipe is uniformly distributed and is arranged between ecology bag layer and impervious barrier; Described ecology bag replaces with vegetation bag.
The anchor pole that the Nodes of the sash beam of described a kind of sash beam greening side slope facility arranges 2m-3m length carries out reinforcement protection.Described sash beam section is of a size of 20 × 25cm, the long 4.2m of unit framework, high 2.7m.Described sash beam adopts No. 25 concrete cast-in-situs, and reinforcing bar, cement, sand, stone material require and match ratio is constructed according to civil engineering technical specification; The specification of described ecology bag is generally 815mm × 440mm (long × wide), after packing rational soil into, be of a size of 680mm × 320mm × 150mm (length × wide × height), described ecology bag is a kind of geotechnological cloth of on-woven, and it is the High Strength Plane stabilizing material being become by polypropylene (PP) or polyester fiber (PET) acupuncture.The ecology bag of this formulated can anti-ultravioletly corrode, and is not subject to the impact of chemical substance in soil; Ecology bag moisture resistant, does not absorb moisture simultaneously, and moisture can not destroy sack, and sack also can not be out of shape, be insoluble to contaminated liquid, and there is anti-UV, anti-aging, nontoxic, not combustion-supporting, good stability, breach such as does not extend at the feature, has physics and water permeability for industry accreditation.The afforesting matrix of described ecology bag filling is mixed and stirred and is formed by 5 parts of loess, 2 parts of river sand, 3 parts of peat soils and a small amount of composite fertilizer, and described afforesting matrix can be according to actual conditions Rational Composition and proportioning.
Above embodiment is only for the present invention is described, but not limitation of the present invention.Although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, technical scheme of the present invention is carried out to various combinations, revises or is equal to replacement, do not depart from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, all should be encompassed in the middle of claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a sash beam method for greening side slope, is characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of:
S1, in side slope, build sash beam;
S2, put ecology bag at described sash beam ISN.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described ecology bag is piled up according to three horizontal perpendicular patterns from bottom to top along domatic in sash beam, becomes ecology bag layer structure; Backfill planting soil or slag stone soil in the space of described ecology bag layer and side slope surface, and compacting.
3. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, between described ecology bag layer, lays impervious barrier.
4. method according to claim 3, is characterized in that, between described ecology bag layer and impervious barrier, drainage pipe is set.
5. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the Nodes of described sash beam arranges anchor pole and reinforces; Described sash beam bottom is buried rubble bag or flexible porous tube underground to discharge Bedrock Crevice Water.
6. according to the method described in claim 1 to 5 any one, it is characterized in that, described ecology bag replaces with vegetation bag.
7. a sash beam greening side slope facility, comprises sash beam, and described frame beam is positioned on side slope surface, it is characterized in that, on the side slope surface in described sash beam, is ecology bag.
8. a kind of sash beam greening side slope facility according to claim 7, is characterized in that, the described ecology bag pattern of piling up is to pile up according to three horizontal perpendicular patterns from bottom to top along domatic in sash beam, and becomes ecology bag layer structure.
9. a kind of sash beam greening side slope facility according to claim 8, is characterized in that, between described ecology bag layer, impervious barrier is set; Between described ecology bag layer and impervious barrier, drainage pipe is set.
10. according to a kind of sash beam greening side slope facility described in claim 7 to 9 any one, it is characterized in that, described ecology bag replaces with vegetation bag.
CN201410404339.8A 2014-08-15 2014-08-15 Frame beam slope greening method and frame beam slope greening facility Pending CN104186233A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782417A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-22 汪盛明 Method for manufacturing and applying edge slope afforesting throw-planting bag for naked cliff
CN106358639A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-01 大连地拓重工有限公司 Slope protection and greening method by using seed-nutriment-soil sacks
CN106498955A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-03-15 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 A kind of rock matter or concrete high-steep slope protection greening structure and its construction method
CN107237334A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-10-10 江苏旭辰交通科技发展有限公司 A kind of road foundation execavated rockmass frame gird type slope protection code builds the construction method of plant biological bag greening
CN107268674A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 南丹县交通运输局 Retaining wall
CN109328893A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-02-15 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 A kind of foundation of ecological riverway bank slope
CN111887067A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-11-06 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 Method for ecological restoration of artificial vegetation on high and steep rock slope
CN112211159A (en) * 2020-08-14 2021-01-12 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Ecological revetment and ecological revetment combined system and construction method
CN112502169A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 中国建筑材料工业地质勘查中心湖南总队 Rock massif ecological remediation structure

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782417A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-22 汪盛明 Method for manufacturing and applying edge slope afforesting throw-planting bag for naked cliff
CN104782417B (en) * 2015-05-15 2017-03-08 南陵县皖南野生葛研究所 A kind of naked precipice greening side slope is thrown and is planted bag making and its application process
CN106358639A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-01 大连地拓重工有限公司 Slope protection and greening method by using seed-nutriment-soil sacks
CN106498955A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-03-15 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 A kind of rock matter or concrete high-steep slope protection greening structure and its construction method
CN107237334A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-10-10 江苏旭辰交通科技发展有限公司 A kind of road foundation execavated rockmass frame gird type slope protection code builds the construction method of plant biological bag greening
CN107237334B (en) * 2017-06-12 2019-04-02 南通大学 A kind of road foundation execavated rockmass frame gird type slope protection code builds the construction method of plant biological bag greening
CN107268674A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 南丹县交通运输局 Retaining wall
CN109328893A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-02-15 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 A kind of foundation of ecological riverway bank slope
CN111887067A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-11-06 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 Method for ecological restoration of artificial vegetation on high and steep rock slope
CN111887067B (en) * 2020-07-09 2022-04-08 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 Method for ecological restoration of artificial vegetation on high and steep rock slope
CN112211159A (en) * 2020-08-14 2021-01-12 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Ecological revetment and ecological revetment combined system and construction method
CN112502169A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 中国建筑材料工业地质勘查中心湖南总队 Rock massif ecological remediation structure

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Application publication date: 20141210