CN101904261A - Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags - Google Patents

Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101904261A
CN101904261A CN 201010227718 CN201010227718A CN101904261A CN 101904261 A CN101904261 A CN 101904261A CN 201010227718 CN201010227718 CN 201010227718 CN 201010227718 A CN201010227718 A CN 201010227718A CN 101904261 A CN101904261 A CN 101904261A
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bacterium
plant growing
slope
growing bags
bag
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CN101904261B (en
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许文年
夏栋
许阳
夏振尧
周明涛
刘大翔
熊诗源
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Mountain forest (Beijing) water and Soil Conservation Technology Co., Ltd.
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China Three Gorges University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB(Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags, comprising the following steps of: placing substrates and seeds in plant growing bags sewn by adopting non-woven fabrics, obliquely palletizing the planting bags on a side slope by layers, and then curing for 30 days to accomplish side slope restoration. In the method, the AB bacterium plant growing bags are used as main materials for side slope restoration, thereby being beneficial to the activation and the long-term effectiveness of nutrients in the substrates; meanwhile, the quantity of microorganisms can be increased, and the microorganisms are used for decomposing organic matters and releasing mineral elements, thereby increasing the fertility of soil and being beneficial to the growth of greening plants on the side slope. The palletizing mode of the plant growing bags is beneficial to the utilization of moistures and simultaneously provides plastically space for vegetation regulation and control and landscape design at the later stage, thereby effectively promoting the progress of side slope restoration.

Description

The method that adopts the AB bacterium plant growing bags that slope ecological is recovered
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of side slope being carried out ecological recovery, particularly be suitable for sash beam slope ecological slope protection works, stone matter side slope, can improve vegetative protection base material fertility, improve domatic stability, improve the land occupation condition and the growing environment of slope vegetation growth.
Background technology
Along with the development of domestic capital construction, capital constructions such as hydroelectric development, road construction make slope excavating be seen everywhere, and the ecological protection engineering also is seen everywhere.Conventional slope protection technology mainly contains two types: a kind of is the engineering protection, as various hard protection types such as body protection, domatic spray anchor, the flexible protective types such as anchor cable protection network of building by laying bricks or stones; Another kind is an ecological protection, as the grass planting of sowing grass seeds by duster protects, plants and give birth to the band bank protection and climb up by holding on to vegetation slope pavement etc.These safeguard procedures generally all are being difficult to take into account mutually to the aspects such as protection, view recovery and construction investment cost performance of destroying slope stability.The side slope ecological renovation method of current employing comes with some shortcomings, and the engineering protection form of concrete spray anchor is owing to the cost height, cause permanent damage, side slope surface water can't ooze out the protection effect that causes side slope to vegetation can't to keep for a long time.And be widely used in the alien earth sparging method of stone matter protecting slope ecology and the linked network ground turf greening method that loses money in a business, some engineering practices show fails to obtain effect preferably, reason is that loose backfill soil can't be stablized, and rainwater one dashes and landing promptly occurs, adopts the cost of alien earth sparging too high again.For rocky slope, particularly high steep instable slope, shortage can guarantee that slope stability is unaffected especially, has investing price ratio preferably again, can also take into account the guard technology of appreciation effect.
Current vegetation bag commonly used (plant and give birth to band) greening technique is generally three layers: be made up of internal layer, skin and intermediate layer, internal layer is the micropore shape, and skin is netted, and the middle level is compound matrix such as plant seed, durable composite fertilizer.Matrix is to plough to plant several preparations by a certain percentage wherein such as soil, organic substrate, water-loss reducer, fertilizer, river sand, acidity regulator and disinfectant.It has solved the required available nutrient problem in early stage of vegetation growth in the greening side slope process to a certain extent, vegetation can grow fast, but have following some shortcomings part: the continuation of nutrient discharge aspect exist not enoughly, follow-up nutrient supply is not gone up; The amount of base material is few, is not enough to keep the healthy growth of root system; The cultivated soil source of planting of adopting is limited, and quality is heavy, and carrying is wasted time and energy; Because matrix is thin, the base material amount is not suitable for the vegetation reparation of anxious sty less and is suitable for level land, short domatic reparation.
Summary of the invention
Activate degree at base material is not high; Anti-aging, the permanent use of vegetation bag material aspect shortcoming; Plant green seed and mix pack with base material is whole, the nexine seed sprouting is incomplete after piling up, and has increased seed consumption cost; Stacking mode all adopts horizontal displacement to pile up, the shortcomings such as utilization that are unfavorable for extraneous moisture, the invention provides a kind of AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method, for the lasting growth of the health of domatic plant, the succession of community provide necessary soil environment, promote the utilization of vegetation to moisture, strengthen view, promote side slope back to nature as early as possible, simultaneously specialized designs bagger, perfect construction technology has improved construction quality.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of AB of employing bacterium plant growing bags may further comprise the steps the method that slope ecological recovers:
(1) the AB bacterium plant growing bags is made: adopt nonwoven to make vegetation bag, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, sandy loam, organic matter, slag and the full and uniform mixing of water-loss reducer are not contained the matrix of plant seed; Mix is gone into plant seed in the matrix that does not contain plant seed, obtains containing the matrix of plant seed, and two kinds of matrix are packed in the AB bacterium plant growing bags, and the pack amount respectively is 1/2 of a bag capacity, tightens sack, obtains the AB bacterium plant growing bags;
(2) the AB bacterium plant growing bags is piled up: with the AB bacterium plant growing bags that obtains place to be repaired domatic on, tilt to pile up vegetation bag, and make the vegetation bag interfolded, seed-bearing one side is placed on the domatic outside, tread when piling up, corner and top be with little vegetation bag polishing, between every layer of bag and the bag and bag fill up with backfill soil with the slit between domatic and tread, finish employing AB bacterium plant growing bags slope ecological resumed operation.
To be repaired domatic for the gradient 〉=45 °, the AB bacterium plant growing bags needs fix with holdfast.
Holdfast arranges that density is every 1m 21, anchor pole gos deep into side slope 20-30 cm.
When tilting to pile up vegetation bag, make vegetation bag and be 45 with slope end horizontal line.
The addition of AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, sandy loam, organic matter, slag, water-loss reducer in the matrix, count with weight ratio: ratio is an AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: sandy loam: organic matter: slag: water-loss reducer=5: 3: 1: 0.8: 0.2.
Described organic matter is sawdust, rice husk or vinasse.
Employing AB bacterium plant growing bags provided by the invention has following beneficial effect to the method that slope ecological recovers:
1. the vegetation bag greening technology of AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method proposition is applicable to sash beam, stone matter side slope, and the protection soil layer is thick, and the outer field network structure of vegetation bag is convenient to plant root growth.
AB bacterium (Activation Bacterium) bio-fertilizer that adopts of AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method mix the micro organism quantity that can make in the matrix and kind very fast reach certain level, thereby improve the microorganism structure of soil base material.Edaphon has important effect to the circulation of the nutritive element of soil, and mineralising, organic decomposition all be unable to do without the vital movement of microorganism.Studies show that by experiment, in soil, add microbial bacterial agent, can increase micro organism quantity in the soil greatly, thereby improve soil structure, increase the soil organisms fertility.The base material substrate that different types of microbial decomposition is different, the rapid release of promotion base material soil nutrient increases fertility, for good condition has been created in the lasting growth of vegetation.Can not only accelerate artificial organic matter decomposition speed of adding, the phosphorus compound and the potassium mineral that also can decompose indissoluble in the sloping underearth of excavation simultaneously, azotobacter are fixing nitrogen then, thereby improves the N-P-K content level of base material, plays the effect of the fertility that continues to keep side slope.The phosphobacteria sum is higher than 4-6 times that does not use in the soil of fusion AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, and azotobacter are about 4-7 doubly, and the potassium bacterium is about 5-8 doubly; Full nitrogen, quick-acting nitrogen, rapid available phosphorus, quick-acting potassium content improved respectively 0.6-0.8 doubly, 0.8-1.4 doubly, 2.5-3.2 doubly, 0.3-0.9 doubly; The activity of urase, neutral phosphatase, invertase and microbial biomass C, N content have all increased about 7.6-12.5 doubly.
3. the making of AB bacterium (Activation Bacterium) bio-fertilizer of AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method employing is simple, and needed raw material is easy to get, and also can suitably change raw material according to the material characteristic around the construction site simultaneously, makes not limited by the place.
4. AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method organic mass-energy of being added effectively increases nutrient content in the matrix, along with artificial inorganic fertilizer consumption, provide follow-up nutritive element organic the decomposition gradually, and the duration performance of base material fertility is better brought into play, and the release continuation of nutrient is longer.The organic matter of Tian Jiaing is ploughed and is planted light weights such as soil, peat soil simultaneously, alleviates the quality of bag effectively, reduces cost, and reduces the amount of labour of work.Being added with of slag is beneficial to the granular structure of improving matrix, increases infiltrating of rainwater.Can turn waste into wealth simultaneously.
5. the making of the vegetation bag of AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method can be carried out in advance, adopts the geotechnological cloth of on-woven, and it is the stable material of being made by the polypropylene man-made fibre material of High Strength Plane.Polypropylene can be resisted ultraviolet erosion, is not subjected to the influence of chemical substance in the soil, qualitative change or rotten can not take place, and permanent non-degradable also can be resisted the erosion of insect pest.While water penetration, good air permeability.The vegetation bag volume is little, collapsible, convenient transportation, and construction technology is simple, the equipment input is low, belongs to labour-intensive worker's method, is convenient to launch construction in the area of execution conditions difference.And can in time adjust specification, the amount of fill of vegetation bag according to on-the-spot side slope condition.
6. the mix of the matrix of AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method and can are convenient and swift.The pack mode adopts two parts packing, mixes pack with base material is whole, has saved the seed consumption, has guaranteed the germination of seed simultaneously.The selection of planting green seed can be according to local species structure, and factors such as buying approach are arranged in pairs or groups temporarily, and can in time adjust the grass seeds proportioning according to on-the-spot side slope condition, and therefore operation is comparatively flexible.
7. the vegetation bag that adopted of AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method is 45 and piles up, rainfall runoff time and path have been increased than horizontal stacking mode, help infiltrating of rainwater, the domatic utilization of construction in particularly anxious sty, the rare area of rainfall for rainwater.Studies show that by experiment, be 45 ° and be stacked with and be beneficial to the utilization of plant, promote its growth moisture.Owing to the protection of vegetation bag does not have the water and soil leakage through rain drop erosion, the interpolation of water-loss reducer simultaneously also helps the utilization of moisture, increases the survival rate of plant, promotes the growth of root system of plant.
8. the slit between AB bacterium plant growing bags ecological recovery method vegetation bag and the bag is filled up with backfill soil, be easy to bag outer mend to spread plant green seed or transplant local shrub etc., for vegetation regulation and control, the landscape design in later stage facilitates.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is a vegetation bag matrix filling schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a matrix pack funnel structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that vegetation bag of the present invention is piled up and the anchoring floor map.
Fig. 4 is a vegetation bag anchoring generalized section of the present invention.
Embodiment
AB bacterium (the Activation Bacterium that the present invention proposes, the activation bacterium, abbreviation AB bacterium) is based on the innovative product that the AB bacterium activates the exclusive product of microbial inoculum, the AB bacterium of indication of the present invention is meant a kind of bio-bacterial manure, be to be primary raw material, add azotobacterin, phosphorus decomposing microbial inoculum, 3 kinds of functional microorganism Inoculants of silicate bacterium microbial inoculum, and add the inorganic fertilizer of certain proportioning with peanut hull meal and chicken manure etc., compost through the fermentation of regular period forms is known product.
(1) making and prepare of vegetation bag: the vegetation bag 1 that adopts polypropylene man-made fibre material nonwoven to make, diameter 20-25cm, the long average 1.5m of bag, but long according to construction site needs appropriate change bag.
(2) matrix is got the raw materials ready and mix: the mix material all by weight.Not containing the matrix of planting green seed is in 5 parts of sandy loams of weight portion, 3 parts of organic matters, and 1 part of AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, 0.8 part of slag, 0.2 part of abundant mixed organic matter of water-loss reducer adopt sawdust, rice husk or vinasse etc.; According to construction domatic concrete condition and peripheral territorial environment, select species good, that adaptive capacity is strong, in line with the principle that speed is given birth to and looks combines and consider landscape effect slowly, design plant seed proportioning.Containing the matrix of planting green seed is the green seed of planting of the certain proportioning of above-mentioned matrix mix.
(3) pack: pack the matrix 2 that funnel 4 does not contain the matrix 3 of plant seed with fashionable dress and contains plant seed with matrix, two different matrix are adorned on pack funnel 4 central dividing plates 9 both sides respectively, just one bag of each funnel loading amount, and taking out active clapboard 5 can pack.Two kinds of matrix pack amounts are identical, respectively are 1/2 of vegetation bag 1 capacity, here adorn with the vegetation bag suture not contain the matrix of planting green seed.Be chosen near the open area of side slope and carry out the mix pack, should be closely knit as far as possible during the matrix pack, be filled to behind sack 15-20cm and tighten sack.
(4) be transported to operational slope.
(5) the piling up and reinforcing of vegetation bag 1: be 45 ° and pile up vegetation bag 1, seed-bearing one side is placed on the domatic outside, the reality that tramps with one's feet when piling up, corner and top are with little vegetation bag polishing.Whenever pile up one deck, between bag and the bag and bag and the slit between domatic 7 fill up with backfill soil 8 and tread.For the side slope of the gradient 〉=45 °, vegetation bag 1 needs with holdfast 6 fixing.Holdfast 6 density are every 1m 21, diameter is 14 mm, and anchor pole gos deep into side slope 20-30 cm.
(6) maintenance: for improving percentage of seedgermination and planting percent, cover vegetation bag 1, and do temporary fixedly, treat that plant is long behind 4 ~ 5 cm, take puggaree off with puggaree.Construction back 30d planted agent guarantees the water supply of slope plant.After treating that root system is fixed the side slope soil layer, can enter the routine servicing stage.Maintenance comprises the sprinkling irrigation watering, damage by disease and insect prevents and the plant growing control measure.

Claims (6)

1. one kind is adopted the AB bacterium plant growing bags to the method that slope ecological recovers, and may further comprise the steps:
(1) the AB bacterium plant growing bags is made: adopt nonwoven to make vegetation bag, AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, sandy loam, organic matter, slag and the full and uniform mixing of water-loss reducer are not contained the matrix of plant seed; Mix is gone into plant seed in the matrix that does not contain plant seed, obtains containing the matrix of plant seed, and two kinds of matrix are packed in the AB bacterium plant growing bags, and the pack amount respectively is 1/2 of a bag capacity, tightens sack, obtains the AB bacterium plant growing bags;
(2) the AB bacterium plant growing bags is piled up: with the AB bacterium plant growing bags that obtains place to be repaired domatic on, tilt to pile up vegetation bag, and make the vegetation bag interfolded, seed-bearing one side is placed on the domatic outside, tread when piling up, corner and top be with little vegetation bag polishing, between every layer of bag and the bag and bag fill up with backfill soil with the slit between domatic and tread, finish employing AB bacterium plant growing bags slope ecological resumed operation.
2. employing AB bacterium plant growing bags according to claim 1 is characterized in that the method that slope ecological recovers: to be repaired domatic for the gradient 〉=45 °, the AB bacterium plant growing bags needs fix with holdfast.
3. employing AB bacterium plant growing bags according to claim 2 is characterized in that the method that slope ecological recovers: holdfast arranges that density is every 1m 21, anchor pole gos deep into side slope 20-30 cm.
4. employing AB bacterium plant growing bags according to claim 1 is characterized in that the method that slope ecological recovers: when tilting to pile up vegetation bag, make vegetation bag and be 45 with slope end horizontal line.
5. the method that employing AB bacterium plant growing bags according to claim 1 recovers slope ecological, it is characterized in that: the addition of AB bacterium bio-fertilizer, sandy loam, organic matter, slag, water-loss reducer in the matrix, count with weight ratio: ratio is an AB bacterium bio-fertilizer: sandy loam: organic matter: slag: water-loss reducer=5: 3: 1: 0.8: 0.2.
According to claim 1 or 4 described employing AB bacterium plant growing bags to the method that slope ecological recovers, it is characterized in that: described organic matter is sawdust, rice husk or vinasse.
CN2010102277186A 2010-07-16 2010-07-16 Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags Active CN101904261B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN103626584A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-12 湖北三峡职业技术学院 Method for preparing vegetation concrete greening additive AB bacteria
CN103960012A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-06 北京山地生态科技研究所 Method for constructing ecological side slope
CN104186233A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-10 申新山 Frame beam slope greening method and frame beam slope greening facility
CN104234006A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-24 亿利首建生态科技有限公司 Revetment protecting system and method
CN105210619A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 路域生态工程有限公司 For microbial matrices blanket and the installation method of side slope, revetment vegetation repair
CN105532403A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-04 天津新大地园林养护工程有限公司 Novel mountain-greening compound planting bag
CN106358639A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-01 大连地拓重工有限公司 Slope protection and greening method by using seed-nutriment-soil sacks
CN109267577A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-25 山东农业大学 The saline and alkaline irrigation canals and ditches side slope restorative procedure and application of Bermuda grass are cultivated using plant biological bag

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CN1539262A (en) * 2003-04-23 2004-10-27 昆明今业花卉园林有限公司 Method for planting grass carpet on side slope by using vegetation bags
CN1810084A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-08-02 北京师范大学 Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme
CN201084944Y (en) * 2007-06-14 2008-07-16 张宇顺 Seeding bag for greening

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1539262A (en) * 2003-04-23 2004-10-27 昆明今业花卉园林有限公司 Method for planting grass carpet on side slope by using vegetation bags
CN1810084A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-08-02 北京师范大学 Multifunctional plant growth bag for slop ecological protection and its technological scheme
CN201084944Y (en) * 2007-06-14 2008-07-16 张宇顺 Seeding bag for greening

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN102498915B (en) * 2011-11-24 2013-03-06 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN103626584A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-12 湖北三峡职业技术学院 Method for preparing vegetation concrete greening additive AB bacteria
CN103626584B (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-12-31 湖北三峡职业技术学院 Method for preparing vegetation concrete greening additive AB bacteria
CN103960012A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-06 北京山地生态科技研究所 Method for constructing ecological side slope
CN103960012B (en) * 2014-04-25 2016-08-17 北京山地生态科技研究所 A kind of construction method of Ecological Slope
CN104186233A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-10 申新山 Frame beam slope greening method and frame beam slope greening facility
CN104234006A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-24 亿利首建生态科技有限公司 Revetment protecting system and method
CN104234006B (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-08-24 亿利首建生态科技有限公司 Revetment guard system and method
CN105210619A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 路域生态工程有限公司 For microbial matrices blanket and the installation method of side slope, revetment vegetation repair
CN105532403A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-04 天津新大地园林养护工程有限公司 Novel mountain-greening compound planting bag
CN106358639A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-01 大连地拓重工有限公司 Slope protection and greening method by using seed-nutriment-soil sacks
CN109267577A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-25 山东农业大学 The saline and alkaline irrigation canals and ditches side slope restorative procedure and application of Bermuda grass are cultivated using plant biological bag

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