CN101213910A - Method for using gridding plant biological bag to process greening slope - Google Patents

Method for using gridding plant biological bag to process greening slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101213910A
CN101213910A CNA2008100137259A CN200810013725A CN101213910A CN 101213910 A CN101213910 A CN 101213910A CN A2008100137259 A CNA2008100137259 A CN A2008100137259A CN 200810013725 A CN200810013725 A CN 200810013725A CN 101213910 A CN101213910 A CN 101213910A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bag
plant biological
slope
gridding
vegetation
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Application number
CNA2008100137259A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢正才
骆江辉
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卢正才
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Priority to CNA2008100137259A priority Critical patent/CN101213910A/en
Publication of CN101213910A publication Critical patent/CN101213910A/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a method that uses the mesh plant biological bag to perform the slope revegetation. The steps are that the slope is cleared and leveled; the foundation of the toe of side slope is leveled and tamped; the roof bolts are fixed on the surface of the slope at a given angle; after one end of the mesh is firmly bound on the roof bolts, the mesh is flattened, and then the plant biological bags are piled on the mesh, and planting soil or gravel soil can be refilled between the plant biological bags and the surface of the slope so as to tamp the filling soil and the plant biological bag, and the other end of the mesh is collected and folded at the outer side of the piled plant biological bags so as to be fixed on the roof bolts that is arranged at the upper layer of the surface of the slope and to hold the refilling soil and the plant biological bags; after the mesh biological bags are arranged from down to up in different layers to be a given height, a penetration-resistant layer shall be arranged and is arranged between two layers of the mesh plant biological bags; the penetration-discharging pipes are uniformly distributed between the mesh plant biological bag layer and the penetration-resistant layer; after the foundation of the mesh plant biological bags is completed, seeds can be sowed or nursery stock of trees can be planted on the foundation. The present invention has simple construction, and is free from the restriction of the shape and the gradient of the slope, and has high survival rate and high coverage rate of the plant, and quick effect.

Description

A kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivation of plants method, especially a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope.
Background technology:
Development along with urban industry, tourist attractions, mountain area, road and construction of hydropower facilities, ecotope is constantly destroyed, in the city, exposed rock, the cliff of displacement, body of wall, the concrete spray in tourist attractions, mountain area, road and reservoir dam both sides, grout and slag stone side slope more and more, how to afforest thereon, beautify the environment to become very important.As everyone knows, plant will could grow under certain condition, and above-mentioned these zones are planted to take root and originally can't be survived, and therefore just need carry out artificial reconstructed the greening to above-mentioned zone.People have also adopted certain methods to come these zones are afforested now, for example: utilize vegetation bag to stack and carry out method for greening side slope, this method with the directly folded sign indicating number of vegetation bag on domatic, it can't change the domatic gradient, the pressure that the bottom vegetation bag bears is bigger, easily the landslide generally is applicable to side slope more smooth below 60 °; Linked network spraying and seeding afforesting method, this method is applicable to greening side slope below 70 °, the gradient is during greater than 70 °, the danger of just have the landslide, peeling off, and this method layer thickness of sowing grass seeds by duster is thin, and nutrient that slope vegetation is required and moisture content can't keep, cause slope vegetation to degenerate rapidly, cause the engineering failure; Utilize planting groove to carry out method for greening side slope, this method is low to the rock slope afforestation coverage rate, generally can only reach 20%~50%, and early stage, effect was slow.
Summary of the invention:
The invention provides a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope, it is simple and convenient to construct, and not limited by the domatic gradient, plant survival rate and coverage rate height, effect is rapid, water and soil loss and landslide phenomenon can not occur, has solved problems of the prior art.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted to be: a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope comprises the steps:
1), clears up smooth side slope
Adopt loosening rock artificial or that the machinery eliminating is domatic;
2), toe based process
With the toe smooth compacting in basis, uneven place adopts the concrete mortar to level up, and local settling section can adopt the concrete cast;
3), anchor pole is installed
With anchor pole and domatic form an angle fixing;
4), gridding plant biological bag is installed
One end of grid is shakeout after colligation on the anchor pole firmly, on grid, leave the folded vegetation bag of domatic certain distance opening code then, vegetation bag and domatic between backfill planting soil or slag stone soil in the space stayed, compacted backfill and vegetation bag, the other end of grid packed up to turn back from the vegetation bag outside of piling up be fixed on the anchor pole on domatic upper strata, allow grid form a fixing big string bag, catch backfill soil and vegetation bag, so just finish one deck and install;
5), impervious barrier is laid
Gridding plant biological bag is laid successively from bottom to top by layer, treat certain altitude after, lay one deck impervious barrier, impervious barrier adopts concrete to pour into a mould the vegetation bag inward flange from sloping limit between two-grid vegetation bag layer;
6), drainage pipe is installed
In laying gridding plant biological bag and impervious barrier process, drainage pipe evenly distributes and is installed between gridding plant biological bag layer and the impervious barrier;
7), sow grass seeds by duster and plant
After treating the completion of gridding plant biological bag basis, sow grass seeds by duster on it seed or the nursery stock of the tall filling of plantation thereon get final product.
Described anchor pole of step 3) and domatic angle are less than 60 °.
The described network vegetation bag of step 4) layer is installed and is laid to ramp type, and the installation of each gridding plant biological bag layer is laid and highly is 1 meter.
Described network vegetation bag is installed when being laid to ramp type, is provided with anti-skidding fixture between the vegetation bag on the two gridding plant biological bag layers.
Described anti-skidding fixture is the anticorrosion fixedly label in the vegetation bag on the two gridding plant biological bag layers about inserting; Also can be the antiskid plate between the vegetation bag on the two gridding plant biological bag layers about being located at, the antiskid plate upper and lower surface is provided with some projectioies.
The laying spacing of the described impervious barrier of step 5) is 3~5 meters, and thickness is 15~20 centimetres.
The described drainage pipe of step 6) evenly distributes by blossom type and is installed between gridding plant biological bag layer and the impervious barrier.
The present invention adopts said method, thoroughly solve the difficult problem of steep rock side slope and counter-slope rock slope greening, utilize to regulate vegetation bag and domatic between the thickness of backfill soil, can not reach that abrupt slope that plantation greening requires or counter-slope are domatic to carry out the domatic gradient and regulate with any, to reach the gradient that greening requires; Utilize grid that backfill soil and vegetation bag are caught, can strengthen the ability on Gu Po, solid soil and antiskid slope, increase backfill soil in addition, it is cooperated with vegetation bag, increased and planted the thickness of giving birth to layer, required nutrient of enough vegetation and moisture content can be provided, improve the survival rate of vegetation, enlarge afforestation coverage rate; Between the gridding plant biological bag layer, impervious barrier is set, between gridding plant biological bag layer and impervious barrier, drainage pipe is set, excessive rainfall can be discharged, prevent undue infiltration of rainwater and cause sedimentation; Between the vegetation bag on the two-grid vegetation bag layer up and down, shoe is set and lays impervious barrier, can strengthen Gu Po, antiskid slope ability.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the constructing structure schematic diagram of greening method of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, anchor pole; 2, grid; 3, vegetation bag; 4, impervious barrier; 5, drainage pipe; 6, anticorrosion fixedly label.
Embodiment:
For clearly demonstrating the technical characterstic of this programme, below by embodiment, and in conjunction with its accompanying drawing, the present invention will be described in detail.
A kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope comprises the steps:
1), clears up smooth side slope
Adopt loosening rock artificial or that the machinery eliminating is domatic;
2), toe based process
With the toe smooth compacting in basis, uneven place adopts the concrete mortar to level up, and local settling section can adopt the concrete cast;
3), anchor pole 1 is installed
With anchor pole 1 with domatic form an angle fixing;
4), gridding plant biological bag is installed
One end of grid 2 is shakeout after colligation on the anchor pole 1 firmly, on grid 2, leave the folded vegetation bag 3 of domatic certain distance opening code then, vegetation bag 3 and domatic between backfill planting soil or slag stone soil in the space stayed, compacted backfill and vegetation bag 3, the other end of grid 2 is packed up on the anchor pole 1 that is fixed on domatic upper strata of turning back from vegetation bag 3 outsides of piling up, allow grid 2 form a fixing big string bag, catch backfill soil and vegetation bag 3, so just finish one deck and install;
5), impervious barrier 4 is laid
Gridding plant biological bag is laid successively from bottom to top by layer, treat certain altitude after, lay one deck impervious barrier 4, impervious barrier 4 adopts concrete to pour into a mould vegetation bag 3 inward flanges from sloping limit between two-grid vegetation bag layer, also can be poured into vegetation bag 3 outward flanges; In concrete, also can add reinforcement, increase the bearing capacity of impervious barrier;
6), drainage pipe 5 is installed
In laying gridding plant biological bag and impervious barrier 4 processes, drainage pipe 5 evenly distributes and is installed between gridding plant biological bag layer and the impervious barrier 4;
7), sow grass seeds by duster and plant
After treating the completion of gridding plant biological bag basis, sow grass seeds by duster on it seed or the nursery stock of the tall filling of plantation thereon get final product.
The described anchor pole of step 3) 1 and domatic angle are less than 60 °.
The described network vegetation bag of step 4) layer is installed and is laid to ramp type, and the installation of each gridding plant biological bag layer is laid and highly is 1 meter, also can look concrete condition and suitably reduce or increase height.Described gridding plant biological bag layer also can be installed and be laid to step or terrace-type, and the thickness of the layer just can reach the planting requirement of any kind of nursery stock like this.
Described network vegetation bag is installed when being laid to ramp type, is provided with anti-skidding fixture between the vegetation bag 3 on the two gridding plant biological bag layers.
Described anti-skidding fixture is the anticorrosion fixedly label 6 in the vegetation bag 3 on the two gridding plant biological bag layers about inserting; Also can be the antiskid plate between the vegetation bag 3 on the two gridding plant biological bag layers about being located at, the antiskid plate upper and lower surface is provided with some projectioies.
The laying spacing of the described impervious barrier 4 of step 5) is 3~5 meters, and thickness is 15~20 centimetres.
The described drainage pipe 5 of step 6) evenly distributes by blossom type and is installed between gridding plant biological bag layer and the impervious barrier 4.
Must arrange the special messenger carry out maintenance after the engineering completion, and moisturizing in time, supplementary fertilizer according to circumstances, grass and nursery stock are pruned, and fully carried out extermination of disease and insect pest work.
The gridding plant biological bag greening method is to make full use of vegetation bag 3 good water and soil conservation function in early stage, in conjunction with the solid soil characteristics of grid 2 Gu Po, by anchor pole 1 and grid 2 turn back the string bag that surrounds with vegetation bag 3 be fixed on domatic on; Vegetation bag 3 and domatic between backfill planting soil or slag stone soil change the sloping type and the gradient, have the function of regulating grade of side slope and sloping type; On domatic after the change, can sow grass seeds by duster, the seedling growth greening, carry out Gu Po, ecological recovery, afforestation by the draft in early stage and the root system of the shrub in later stage with the network system of grid 2 formation.
In the above-mentioned greening method, vegetation bag 3: adopt the woven bag of plastics or other material, the woven bag normal size is long * wide be 40 centimetres of 60 cm x, the woven bag size also can be adjusted size as the case may be.Grid 2: can adopt plastics geonet or plastic, zinc-plated, non-corrosive metal (NCM) net, the plastics geonet is adopted in general recommendations, and mesh size depends on the circumstances.Anchor pole 1: can adopt the rib steel of 12~20 centimetres of antirust processing of diameter, 5 * 5 centimetres of antiseptic lumps of wood stakes or 5~6 centimetres of antiseptic log piles of diameter etc., anchor pole 1 length is decided according to side slope character.Drainage pipe 5: adopt 1.5~2.5 o'clock engineering plastics pipes.Basis and impervious barrier 4: adopt the concrete cast.Anticorrosion fixedly label 6 and antiskid plate: anticorrosion fixedly label 6 adopt bamboo chip to make 4 centimetres of size 40 cm x; Antiskid plate adopts engineering plastics to make, and undersized is in the vegetation bag size.

Claims (7)

1. a method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
1), clears up smooth side slope
Adopt loosening rock artificial or that the machinery eliminating is domatic;
2), toe based process
With the toe smooth compacting in basis, uneven place adopts the concrete mortar to level up, and local settling section can adopt the concrete cast;
3), anchor pole is installed
With anchor pole and domatic form an angle fixing;
4), gridding plant biological bag is installed
One end of grid is shakeout after colligation on the anchor pole firmly, on grid, leave the folded vegetation bag of domatic certain distance opening code then, vegetation bag and domatic between backfill planting soil or slag stone soil in the space stayed, compacted backfill and vegetation bag, the other end of grid packed up to turn back from the vegetation bag outside of piling up be fixed on the anchor pole on domatic upper strata, allow grid form a fixing big string bag, catch backfill soil and vegetation bag, so just finish one deck and install;
5), impervious barrier is laid
Gridding plant biological bag is laid successively from bottom to top by layer, treat certain altitude after, lay one deck impervious barrier, impervious barrier adopts concrete to pour into a mould the vegetation bag inward flange from sloping limit between two-grid vegetation bag layer;
6), drainage pipe is installed
In laying gridding plant biological bag and impervious barrier process, drainage pipe evenly distributes and is installed between gridding plant biological bag layer and the impervious barrier;
7), sow grass seeds by duster and plant
After treating the completion of gridding plant biological bag basis, sow grass seeds by duster on it seed or the nursery stock of the tall filling of plantation thereon get final product.
2. a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described anchor pole of step 3) and domatic angle are less than 60 °.
3. a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the described network vegetation bag of step 4) layer is installed and is laid to ramp type, and the installation of each gridding plant biological bag layer is laid and highly is 1 meter.
4. a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described network vegetation bag is installed when being laid to ramp type, is provided with anti-skidding fixture between the vegetation bag on the two gridding plant biological bag layers.
5. a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope of stating according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described anti-skidding fixture is for inserting the anticorrosion fixedly label in the vegetation bag on the two gridding plant biological bag layers up and down; Also can be the antiskid plate between the vegetation bag on the two gridding plant biological bag layers about being located at, the antiskid plate upper and lower surface is provided with some projectioies.
6. a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the laying spacing of the described impervious barrier of step 5) is 3~5 meters, and thickness is 15~20 centimetres.
7. a kind of method of utilizing gridding plant biological bag to carry out greening side slope according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the described drainage pipe of step 6) evenly distributes by blossom type and is installed between gridding plant biological bag layer and the impervious barrier.
CNA2008100137259A 2008-01-09 2008-01-09 Method for using gridding plant biological bag to process greening slope CN101213910A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102409686A (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-04-11 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理有限公司 Garbage hill ecological slope protection method and garbage hill greening slope adopting same
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN102677651A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-09-19 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Method for ecological restoration of mountain
CN102936898A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-02-20 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Ecological slope protection device for trickle irrigation
CN104186233A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-10 申新山 Frame beam slope greening method and frame beam slope greening facility
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof
CN104782417A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-22 汪盛明 Method for manufacturing and applying edge slope afforesting throw-planting bag for naked cliff
CN105684698A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-06-22 朱天龙 Petroleum development well site road greening method
CN106385841A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 Phytoremediation structure for historic preservation earthen ruins
CN107574828A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-12 深圳市东华园林股份有限公司 A kind of domatic irregular high precipitous rock slope ecological restoring method and application
CN108374423A (en) * 2016-11-09 2018-08-07 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Slope ecological recovery system and its implementation
CN110754316A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-02-07 武汉市天泉慧源环保科技有限公司 Method for improving vegetation on high and steep hard slope through quaternary mixed planting

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102409686A (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-04-11 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理有限公司 Garbage hill ecological slope protection method and garbage hill greening slope adopting same
CN102409686B (en) * 2011-09-20 2014-04-23 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理有限公司 Garbage hill ecological slope protection method and garbage hill greening slope adopting same
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN102498915B (en) * 2011-11-24 2013-03-06 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN102677651A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-09-19 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Method for ecological restoration of mountain
CN102677651B (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-01-07 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Method for ecological restoration of mountain
CN102936898A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-02-20 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Ecological slope protection device for trickle irrigation
CN102936898B (en) * 2012-11-26 2015-06-03 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Ecological slope protection device for trickle irrigation
CN104186233A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-10 申新山 Frame beam slope greening method and frame beam slope greening facility
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof
CN104314087B (en) * 2014-11-05 2016-09-14 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 A kind of side-slope greening and protection structure and construction method thereof
CN104782417A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-07-22 汪盛明 Method for manufacturing and applying edge slope afforesting throw-planting bag for naked cliff
CN104782417B (en) * 2015-05-15 2017-03-08 南陵县皖南野生葛研究所 A kind of naked precipice greening side slope is thrown and is planted bag making and its application process
CN105684698A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-06-22 朱天龙 Petroleum development well site road greening method
CN106385841A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 Phytoremediation structure for historic preservation earthen ruins
CN108374423A (en) * 2016-11-09 2018-08-07 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Slope ecological recovery system and its implementation
CN107574828A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-12 深圳市东华园林股份有限公司 A kind of domatic irregular high precipitous rock slope ecological restoring method and application
CN110754316A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-02-07 武汉市天泉慧源环保科技有限公司 Method for improving vegetation on high and steep hard slope through quaternary mixed planting

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Open date: 20080709