CN104082207A - Pond floating bed vegetable growing type Channa argus breeding method - Google Patents

Pond floating bed vegetable growing type Channa argus breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104082207A
CN104082207A CN201410288731.0A CN201410288731A CN104082207A CN 104082207 A CN104082207 A CN 104082207A CN 201410288731 A CN201410288731 A CN 201410288731A CN 104082207 A CN104082207 A CN 104082207A
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pond
floating bed
water
snakehead
breeding
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CN201410288731.0A
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胡宏处
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胡宏处
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A pond floating bed vegetable growing type Channa argus breeding method comprises pond requirements, fish fingerling breeding, floating bed engineering, floating bed vegetable growing, feed feeding, planting and breeding management and pest control. According to the pond floating bed vegetable growing type Channa argus breeding method, the characteristic that water convolvulus can grow in the water is fully utilized and accordingly the integral breeding operation process is simple, the management is convenient, and the economic benefits are good; meanwhile a large number of feed and small trash fishes are fed under the high-density breeding conditions, the quality of the water can be corrupted by the remaining feed and small trash fishes, the nitrogen, the phosphorus and the potassium in a water body can be absorbed by the water convolvulus, and accordingly the water body is purified and the effective development space is provided for the growth of the Channa argus; the high yield of the Channa argus can be achieved, aquatic vegetables which are good in quality are provided for people, the water body environment is protected, and the economic, ecological and social benefits are remarkable.

Description

A kind of pond floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates the method for snakehead
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture pattern technology field, and particularly a kind of pond floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates the method for snakehead.
Background technology
Snakehead (formal name used at school: Channa argus), cries again snakeheaded fish, raw fish, snakeheaded fish, Shu Li section Ophiocephalus, and fertility is strong, is a kind of violent predacious fish, voracity.Snakehead possesses exuberant vitality and adaptive capacity to environment, no matter is lake, reservoir, rivers and creeks, Xi Gou, small reservoir or paddy field, channel, even connects marsh, ponding pool, the hollow water hole that general fish are difficult to existence and can grow, multiply, fast growth.Without spinelet between flesh, contain meat rate high, nutritious, in meat, contain calcium, phosphorus, iron and the multivitamin of protein, fat, 18 seed amino acids and needed by human.Snakehead culture benefit is remarkable, has become the popular kind of aquaculture.In recent years, along with the raising of people's living standard, the demand of snakehead is also constantly increased, also appearance is as Small cement pond, pond, cage culture in succession for various breeding way, and these breeding way are all devoted exclusive attention to output and economic benefit simply, have caused breeding water body severe contamination, destroy water area resource, thereby occur the dead fish phenomenon in the general pool of cultivating pool large area, serious contusion culturist cultivates enthusiasm, restrict snakehead cultivation development.Therefore, how to provide a kind of good in economic efficiency and can protect the snakehead culture model of breeding water body resource, become the new problem that numerous scientific workers and raiser explore.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned situation, the object of the invention be just to provide a kind of pond floating bed plant vegetables cultivation snakehead method.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: it is characterized in that being made up of following steps:
1, pond requires: adopt the floating bed cultivation snakehead that plants vegetables, just so not strict to the requirement in pond, as long as the water body that can cultivate all right.General pond area is 5-8 mu, depth of water 1.5-2 rice, and drainage is convenient, and drainage mouth place sets up defences and escapes fence.
2, fingerling is thrown in: before putting in a suitable place to breed, with quicklime 75-100Kg/ mu band water full pool spilling head, the sterilization of cleaning up the pond, is exposed to the sun one week, water filling 1-1.5 rice.Throw in the snakehead fingerling of specification at 10-15 centimetre/tail, every mu of 2000-2500 tail, and can overlap and support the large specification Variegated of 200-300 tail.Embathe fish body 15~20 minutes with 3% saline solution.
3, floating bed engineering: make widely 1.5 meters with 10 centimetres of bamboos of diameter or closed at both ends pvc pipe, the floating bed pedestal of long 3 meters, then be 1.7 meters of pvc pipes every 30 centimetres of mounting strap culture hole length on pedestal, is fixed on floating bed in pond with rope.Floating bed area accounts for the 20-30% of pond area.
4, floating bed plants vegetables: floating bed plants vegetables and select the water spinach that can grow in water.4-5 month, under calm weather, get with the water spinach of two buds and plant in floating bed culture hole, note its growing way, timely collecting.
5, feedstuff feeding: the full price of mainly throwing something and feeding snakehead special feed, is aided with and throws something and feeds that some are light, seawater small fish.The cultivation initial stage, must after chopping, throw something and feed for the wild fishes that specification is larger, a day feeding volume is generally 5% of fish body gross weight.Throw something and feed and will accomplish timing, locate, determine matter, quantitative.Day throw something and feed 2 times, respectively once, ingest when vigorous in the morning, afternoon, can throw something and feed again once at dusk.
6, breeding management: patrol pond every day sooner or later, careful observation snakehead ingests and active situation, observes water spinach growing way, notes change of water quality, pinpoints the problems and processes in time.The new water of filling, discharges old water in good time, keeps the transparency of Chi Shui.
7, the extermination of disease and insect pest: floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates snakehead, seldom occurs that large area disease occurs, but in the time of high-density breeding, also has hemorrhage, putrid skin disease to occur, and is watered full pool spilling head every 15 days with 100 grams/acre of chlorine dioxide.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention be a kind of pond floating bed plant vegetables cultivation snakehead method, make full use of the characteristic that water spinach can grow in water, whole cultivation operating process is simple, convenient management, good in economic efficiency, utilize under high-density breeding, throw something and feed in a large number feed and small fish simultaneously, remaining feed and small fish can be ruined water quality, water spinach can absorb nitrogen, phosphorus, the potassium in water body, thus purifying water body, for the growth of snakehead provides effective development space.Pond floating bed plant vegetables cultivation snakehead not only can realize snakehead high yield, also, for people provide matter measured aquatic vegetable, protected water body environment, there is significant economy, ecology and social benefit.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is production technological process of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with concrete condition and production technological process, the specific embodiment of the present invention is elaborated.
Embodiment 1
1, pond: pond area is 5 mu, depth of water 1.5-2 rice, drainage mouth place sets up defences and escapes fence.
2, fingerling is thrown in: before putting in a suitable place to breed, with quicklime 75Kg/ mu band water full pool spilling head, the sterilization of cleaning up the pond, is exposed to the sun one week, 1 meter of water filling.Throw in specification at the snakehead fingerling of 10-15 centimetre/tail, every mu of 2000 tails, and cover supports the large specification Variegated of 300 tail, embathe fish body 15~20 minutes with 3% saline solution.
3, floating bed engineering: make widely 1.5 meters with 10 centimetres of bamboos of diameter, the floating bed pedestal of long 3 meters, then be 1.7 meters of pvc pipes every 30 centimetres of mounting strap culture hole length on pedestal, is fixed on floating bed in pond with rope.Floating bed area accounts for 20% of pond area.
4, floating bed plants vegetables: floating bed plants vegetables and select the water spinach that can grow in water.April, under calm weather, get with the water spinach of two buds and plant in floating bed culture hole, note its growing way, timely collecting.
5, feedstuff feeding: the full price of mainly throwing something and feeding snakehead special feed, is aided with and throws something and feeds that some are light, seawater small fish.The cultivation initial stage, must after chopping, throw something and feed for the wild fishes that specification is larger, a day feeding volume is 5% of fish body gross weight.Throw something and feed and will accomplish timing, locate, determine matter, quantitative.Day throw something and feed 2 times, respectively once, ingest when vigorous in the morning, afternoon, can throw something and feed again once at dusk.
6, breeding management: patrol pond every day sooner or later, careful observation snakehead ingests and active situation, observes water spinach growing way, notes change of water quality, pinpoints the problems and processes in time.The new water of filling, discharges old water in good time, keeps the transparency of Chi Shui.
7, the extermination of disease and insect pest: floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates snakehead, seldom occurs that large area disease occurs, and is watered full pool spilling head every 15 days with 100 grams/acre of chlorine dioxide.
Embodiment 2
1, pond: pond area is 8 mu, depth of water 1.5-2 rice, drainage mouth place sets up defences and escapes fence.
2, fingerling is thrown in: before putting in a suitable place to breed, with quicklime 100Kg/ mu band water full pool spilling head, the sterilization of cleaning up the pond, is exposed to the sun one week, 1.5 meters of water fillings.Throw in specification at the snakehead fingerling of 10-15 centimetre/tail, every mu of 2500 tails, cover is supported the large specification Variegated of 200 tail, embathes fish body 15~20 minutes with 3% saline solution.
3, floating bed engineering: make widely 1.5 meters with 10 centimetres of closed at both ends pvc pipes of diameter, the floating bed pedestal of long 3 meters, then be 1.7 meters of pvc pipes every 30 centimetres of mounting strap culture hole length on pedestal, is fixed on floating bed in pond with rope.Floating bed area accounts for 30% of pond area.
4, floating bed plants vegetables: floating bed plants vegetables and select the water spinach that can grow in water.May, under calm weather, get with the water spinach of two buds and plant in floating bed culture hole, note its growing way, timely collecting.
5, feedstuff feeding: the full price of mainly throwing something and feeding snakehead special feed, is aided with and throws something and feeds that some are light, seawater small fish.The cultivation initial stage, must after chopping, throw something and feed for the wild fishes that specification is larger, a day feeding volume is 5% of fish body gross weight.Throw something and feed and will accomplish timing, locate, determine matter, quantitative.Day throw something and feed 2 times, respectively once, ingest when vigorous in the morning, afternoon, can throw something and feed again once at dusk.
6, breeding management: patrol pond every day sooner or later, careful observation snakehead ingests and active situation, observes water spinach growing way, notes change of water quality, pinpoints the problems and processes in time.The new water of filling, discharges old water in good time, keeps the transparency of Chi Shui.
7, the extermination of disease and insect pest: floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates snakehead, seldom occurs that large area disease occurs, and occurs a small amount of hemorrhage, putrid skin disease, is watered full pool spilling head every 15 days with 100 grams/acre of chlorine dioxide.
The present invention is by validity check, and 1. the excreta of snakehead and residual feed and small fish are all for water spinach provides fertilizer; 2. water spinach absorbs nitrogen, phosphorus, the potassium in water body, and purifying water body, realizes snakehead high yield, has protected water body environment; 3. good in economic efficiency, can make a profit for every mu and moisten 8000 yuan.

Claims (4)

1. pond floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates a method for snakehead, it is characterized in that being made up of following steps:
Step 1: pond requires: pond area is 5-8 mu, depth of water 1.5-2 rice, drainage is convenient, and drainage mouth place sets up defences and escapes fence;
Step 2: fingerling is thrown in: the sterilization of cleaning up the pond before putting in a suitable place to breed, throw in specification at 10-15 centimetre/tail snakehead fingerling, every mu of 2000-2500 tail, and can overlap and support the large specification Variegated of 200-300 tail;
Step 3: floating bed engineering: make widely 1.5 meters with 10 centimetres of bamboos of diameter or closed at both ends pvc pipe, the floating bed pedestal of long 3 meters, then be 1.7 meters of pvc pipes every 30 centimetres of mounting strap culture hole length on pedestal, is fixed on floating bed in pond with rope;
Step 4: floating bed plants vegetables and select the water spinach that can grow in water;
Step 5: the full price of mainly throwing something and feeding snakehead special feed, is aided with and throws something and feeds that some are light, seawater small fish; Day throws something and feeds 2 times, and feeding volume is 5% of fish body gross weight;
Step 6: patrol pond every day, careful observation snakehead ingests, active situation, observes water spinach growing way, notes change of water quality;
Step 7: be watered full pool spilling head with 100 grams/acre of chlorine dioxide every 15 days.
2. a kind of pond according to claim 1 floating bed method of cultivation snakehead that plants vegetables, before it is characterized in that putting in a suitable place to breed in described step (2), with quicklime 75-100Kg/ mu band water full pool spilling head, the sterilization of cleaning up the pond, is exposed to the sun one week, water filling 1-1.5 rice; Embathe fish body 15~20 minutes with 3% saline solution.
3. a kind of pond according to claim 1 floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates the method for snakehead, it is characterized in that the middle floating bed area of described step (3) accounts for the 20-30% of pond area.
4. a kind of pond according to claim 1 floating bed plants vegetables and cultivates the method for snakehead, it is characterized in that the cultivation initial stage in described step (5), must after chopping, throw something and feed for the wild fishes that specification is larger.
CN201410288731.0A 2014-06-23 2014-06-23 Pond floating bed vegetable growing type Channa argus breeding method Pending CN104082207A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430109A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 唐其军 Opniocepnalus argus var kimnra high-yield ecological breeding method
CN104969886A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-14 重庆市水产技术推广站 Fish and vegetable co-existing planting and breeding method
CN106818564A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 吉林省水产科学研究院 A kind of pond crucian carp raises together with the ecological cultivation method of Plagiognathops microlepis, silver carp and flathead
CN108770739A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-09 天津鱼之悦观赏鱼养殖专业合作社 A kind of pondfish dish symbiotic cultivation method

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RU2330406C1 (en) * 2006-12-04 2008-08-10 Евгений Владимирович Липпо Method of fish culture in polyculture in pond
CN102524034A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-07-04 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Hydrophyte three-dimensional floating bed and method for ecological culture of fish by using same
CN103503800A (en) * 2012-06-30 2014-01-15 大连金州汇鑫渔业科技发展有限公司 Snakehead cultivation method

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RU2330406C1 (en) * 2006-12-04 2008-08-10 Евгений Владимирович Липпо Method of fish culture in polyculture in pond
CN102524034A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-07-04 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Hydrophyte three-dimensional floating bed and method for ecological culture of fish by using same
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430109A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 唐其军 Opniocepnalus argus var kimnra high-yield ecological breeding method
CN104969886A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-14 重庆市水产技术推广站 Fish and vegetable co-existing planting and breeding method
CN106818564A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 吉林省水产科学研究院 A kind of pond crucian carp raises together with the ecological cultivation method of Plagiognathops microlepis, silver carp and flathead
CN108770739A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-09 天津鱼之悦观赏鱼养殖专业合作社 A kind of pondfish dish symbiotic cultivation method

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