CN104081984B - A kind of implantation methods of Rhizomadioscoreae - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of Rhizomadioscoreae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104081984B
CN104081984B CN201410316011.0A CN201410316011A CN104081984B CN 104081984 B CN104081984 B CN 104081984B CN 201410316011 A CN201410316011 A CN 201410316011A CN 104081984 B CN104081984 B CN 104081984B
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rhizomadioscoreae
water
plantation
potato
specifically
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CN104081984A (en
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黄阳春
蒋玉梅
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黄阳春
蒋玉梅
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Abstract

The present invention provides the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizomadioscoreae, comprise the steps: 1) selection of land, choose seeds, sterilize: 2) ditch wholely: 3) sowing: 4) bud picking, base manure, topdress: 5) water management: 6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: 7) gather, this implantation methods overcomes the practical challenges that the dense planting hindering Rhizomadioscoreae large area to develop is the most susceptible, difficulty of topdressing big, tie potato bifurcated, have the wide feature of the suitability, have the knot potato of plantation straight and uniformly, per unit area yield is high, quality is excellent advantage, high yield, high-quality, Efficient Cultivation can be realized.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Rhizomadioscoreae
Technical field
The invention belongs to proportion of crop planting technical field, be specifically related to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizomadioscoreae.
Background technology
Rhizomadioscoreae growth is extensive, medicine, dish dual-purpose, and the masses like plantation, and Rhizomadioscoreae requires environmental condition warm, moistening, sun-drenched, deep, fertile, loosen, well-drained sand physically well develop.
But on producing, Rhizomadioscoreae yield is the highest, anthrax is serious, and fluctuation easily occurs in the yield of Rhizomadioscoreae, the most fluctuated, and the time difficulty that price is good has brought benefit to plantation family.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim at providing the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizomadioscoreae, this implantation methods overcomes the practical challenges that the dense planting hindering Rhizomadioscoreae large area to develop is the most susceptible, difficulty of topdressing big, tie potato bifurcated, change traditional cultivation time-consuming, take a lot of work and laborious, the production status of low yield poor efficiency, have the wide feature of the suitability, have the knot potato of plantation straight and uniformly, per unit area yield is high, quality is excellent advantage, high yield, high-quality, Efficient Cultivation can be realized.
For solving the problems referred to above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is to provide a kind of Rhizomadioscoreae implantation methods, specifically include following steps: 1) selection of land, choose seeds, sterilize: select soil layer deep fertile, irrigate convenience, venting and water permeable, good water-retaining property, the loam that the soil is porous or sandy loam, Fruit variety high-quality Early-mid ripening added Rhizomadioscoreae kind;
2) ditch: level land wholely, groove width 30cm of ditching, deep 120cm;
3) sowing:
4) bud picking, base manure, topdress:
5) water management: use conventional water management method, drouth is poured water, the timely draining of two seasons;
6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: preventing and treating subterranean pest-insect and anthrax are main;
7) gathering: when gathering, manually excavate, soil layer left by plane, is taken out by whole piece Rhizomadioscoreae, returns the whole good furrow of soil, it is simple to the coming year is wholely.
Described step 1) specifically selects healthy Early-mid ripening Rhizomadioscoreae potato kind, the stripping and slicing newly gathered, every piece of potato block weight 150-200g, by 1000 times of immersion kinds 1-2 minute of Prochloraz after rinsing with clear water, takes out and potato block is directly pressed rational density plantation.
Described step 2) specifically use duplicate rows wholely, Furrow sowing, level land, trench digging groove width 30cm, deep 120cm, every furrow bag furrow width 140-150cm, ditch depth 120cm, sketches the contours of the plantation line of deep 3cm on whole good duplicate rows furrow face, and by mu, the potato block after sterilization is planted the plantation of 2700-2800 strain density on plantation line.
Described step 3) specifically uses double row sowing to plant, density spacing 40-50cm, and spacing in the rows is 20cm;
After described step 4) is specifically emerged, drawing climing added in time, only stay a healthy and strong bud, and upwards erased by unnecessary eye, interval two weeks is smeared 1 time, need to carry out 2 bud pickings.After added, in double plantation row between execute lower base manure, by mu 100kg compound fertilizer+200kg peanut residue lid mixing use, execute lower ridging 15cm, within after neat Seedling every 30 days, topdress once, company execute 2-3 time, each every mu of sealing fertilizer 40kg, to chase after liquid manure.
Described step 5) specifically uses the water management method of routine, and drouth is poured water, the timely draining of two seasons, the quick expanding stage of potato block in July to August, keeps ground moistening.
Described step 6) is the most by the end of May, every mu mixes with water 60kg with the red 250g of metrifonate 500g or match, spray face, Rhizomadioscoreae field preventing and treating umbilicus groove, spray after every mu of use 70% mancozeb wettable powder 250g, carbendazim or thiophanate 100g, water 50kg mixing, can anti-anthrax, every spray in 7 days once, even spray 2-3 time.
Described step 7) specifically starts to turn to be yellow and the most withered at Rhizomadioscoreae stem and leaf, and tuber is ripe, gathers.
Described when gathering, first with potato shovel is careful, the soil that plant is other is struck off, make tuber expose, along depth direction, tuber is dug out, and be close to the most one by one and dug.
The present invention provides the benefit that relative to prior art: have employed duplicate rows planting technology, change traditional cultivation time-consuming, Fei Di, take a lot of work, the production status of low yield poor efficiency, employing duplicate rows is ditched wholely, the implantation methods of duplicate rows Intermediate fertilizer, improve work efficiency, dense planting zanjon can improve per unit area yield, the advantage that knot potato is straight, can realize high yield, high-quality, Efficient Cultivation.
Detailed description of the invention
Being described in further details the present invention below by embodiment, these embodiments are only used for the present invention is described, do not limit the scope of the invention.
Embodiment 1: the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizomadioscoreae, concrete employing following steps realize:
(1) choose seeds, sterilize: select healthy Early-mid ripening Rhizomadioscoreae potato kind, the stripping and slicing newly gathered, every piece of potato block weight 150-200g, by 1000 times of immersion kinds 1-2 minute of Prochloraz after rinsing with clear water, take out and directly potato block is pressed rational density plantation;
(2) wholely, trench digging: use duplicate rows wholely, Furrow sowing, every furrow bag furrow width 140-150cm, ditch depth 120cm, whole good duplicate rows furrow face is sketched the contours of the plantation line of deep 3cm, will sterilization after potato block in plantation line on by mu plant 2700-2800 strain density plantation;
(3) bud picking, base manure: after emerging, draw climing added in time, only stays a healthy and strong bud, and is upwards erased by unnecessary eye, and interval two weeks is smeared 1 time, need to carry out 2 bud pickings.After added, between double plantation row, execute lower base manure, use by the mixing of mu 100kg compound fertilizer+200kg peanut residue lid, execute lower ridging 15cm;
(4) topdress: within every 30 days, topdressing once after neat Seedling, even execute 2-3 time, each every mu of sealing fertilizer 40kg, to chase after liquid manure;
(5) water management: use conventional water management method, drouth is poured water, the timely draining of two seasons, the quick expanding stage of potato block in July to August, keeps ground moistening;
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: every mu mixes with water 60kg with the red 250g of metrifonate 500g or match by the end of May, spray face, Rhizomadioscoreae field preventing and treating umbilicus groove;Spray after every mu of use 70% mancozeb wettable powder 250g, carbendazim or thiophanate 100g, water 50kg mixing, can anti-anthrax.Every spray in 7 days once, even spray 2-3 time;
(7) gather: Rhizomadioscoreae JIUYUE starts listing, but now tuber also has growth, be still ripe.After early October, Rhizomadioscoreae stem and leaf starts to turn to be yellow and the most withered, and tuber is ripe, can gather.
First with potato shovel is careful, the soil that plant is other being struck off when gathering, make tuber expose, along depth direction, tuber is dug out, and be close to the most one by one and dug, accomplish the most damaged as far as possible, do not dig disconnected, the tuber dug to be cased transport in time, in order to avoid going bad.Withered for garden stem and leaf should be concentrated after gathering and burn by Rhizomadioscoreae, reduces disease pest source.

Claims (2)

1. a Rhizomadioscoreae implantation methods, it is characterised in that comprise the steps: 1) selection of land, choose seeds, sterilize: select soil layer deep fertile, irrigate convenience, venting and water permeable, good water-retaining property, the loam that the soil is porous or sandy loam;Fruit variety high-quality Early-mid ripening added Rhizomadioscoreae kind, specifically select healthy Early-mid ripening Rhizomadioscoreae potato kind, the stripping and slicing newly gathered, every piece of potato block weight 150-200g, by 1000 times of immersion kinds 1-2 minute of Prochloraz after rinsing with clear water, takes out and potato block is directly pressed rational density plantation;
2) ditch: level land wholely, groove width 30cm of ditching, deep 120cm;Specifically refer to use duplicate rows wholely, Furrow sowing, level land, ditch groove width 30cm, deep 120cm, every furrow bag furrow width 140-150cm, ditch depth 120cm, whole good duplicate rows furrow face is sketched the contours of the plantation line of deep 3cm, the potato block after sterilization is planted the plantation of 2700-2800 strain density by mu on plantation line;
3) sowing, specifically uses double row sowing plantation, and density spacing 40-50cm, spacing in the rows is 20cm;
4) bud picking, base manure, topdress, after specifically referring to emerge, draw climing added in time, only stay a healthy and strong bud, and upwards unnecessary eye is erased, interval two weeks smear 1 time, 2 bud pickings need to be carried out;After added, executing lower base manure, use by the mixing of mu 100kg compound fertilizer+200kg peanut residue lid, execute lower ridging 15cm, within after neat Seedling every 30 days, topdress once, even execute 2-3 time between double plantation row, each every mu of sealing fertilizer 40kg, to chase after liquid manure;
5) water management: use conventional water management method, drouth is poured water, the timely draining of two seasons;Specifically referring to use conventional water management method, drouth is poured water, the timely draining of two seasons, the quick expanding stage of potato block in July to August, keeps ground moistening;
6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: preventing and treating subterranean pest-insect and anthrax are main;Specifically refer to every mu mix with water 60kg with the red 250g of metrifonate 500g or match, spray face, Rhizomadioscoreae field preventing and treating umbilicus groove, sprays after every mu of use 70% mancozeb wettable powder 250g, carbendazim or thiophanate 100g, water 50kg mixing, can anti-anthrax, every spray in 7 days once, even spray 2-3 time;
7) gathering: when gathering, manually excavate, soil layer left by plane, is taken out by whole piece Rhizomadioscoreae, returns the whole good furrow of soil, it is simple to the coming year wholely, specifically starts to turn to be yellow and the most withered at Rhizomadioscoreae stem and leaf, and tuber is ripe, gathers.
A kind of Rhizomadioscoreae implantation methods the most according to claim 1, its characterization step 1) described in gather, refer to first with potato shovel is careful, the soil that plant is other be struck off, make tuber expose, along depth direction, tuber is dug out, and be close to the most one by one and dug.
CN201410316011.0A 2014-07-04 2014-07-04 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizomadioscoreae Expired - Fee Related CN104081984B (en)

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CN105660085A (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-06-15 广西大学 High-yield plantation method of Chinese yams
CN105145048A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 孙丹丹 Selenium enriched-mauve jade Chinese yam planting method
CN105145053A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 莫瑞恩 Selenium enriched-mauve jade Chinese yam planting method
CN105145049A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 孙丹丹 Mauve jade Chinese yam planting method
CN105145051A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 莫瑞恩 Selenium enriched-mauve jade Chinese yam planting method
CN105052470A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-18 孙丹丹 Selenium-rich purple Chinese yam planting method
CN105145052A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 莫瑞恩 Mauve jade Chinese yam planting method
CN105850491A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-17 李金平 Technology for efficiently cultivating dioscorea opposita
CN106613135A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-05-10 广西大学 High-yield planting method for Chinese yam
CN107484517A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-19 桂平市金田镇旷福淮山种植专业合作社 A kind of Chinese yam implantation methods of saving irrigation model
CN109095983A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-28 广西浙缘农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Chinese yam
CN108849348A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-23 广西浙缘农业科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese yam high-yield planting method
CN109042179A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-12-21 广西浙缘农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Chinese yam

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