CN109496517A - A kind of oil Cultivate administration technology of tree peony - Google Patents

A kind of oil Cultivate administration technology of tree peony Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109496517A
CN109496517A CN201710844743.0A CN201710844743A CN109496517A CN 109496517 A CN109496517 A CN 109496517A CN 201710844743 A CN201710844743 A CN 201710844743A CN 109496517 A CN109496517 A CN 109496517A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
fertilizer
parts
seed
tree peony
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710844743.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任凤华
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Shenyang Huaqiang And Benefiting Farmers Oil Peony Professional Cooperatives
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Shenyang Huaqiang And Benefiting Farmers Oil Peony Professional Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201710844743.0A priority Critical patent/CN109496517A/en
Publication of CN109496517A publication Critical patent/CN109496517A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of oil Cultivate administration technology of tree peony, is related to a kind of field of plant growing technology.The invention includes selection of land;Site preparation;Seed selection;Sowing;Seedling replanting;Fertilising;Field management.The present invention is at low cost, is suitable for large-scale promotion and cultivates, and the oil of plantation is big with the tree peony amount of setting seeds, and oil yield is high.

Description

A kind of oil Cultivate administration technology of tree peony
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of plant growing technology, and the Cultivate administration technology of tree peony is used more particularly to a kind of oil.
Background technique
Oil is a kind of emerging woody oleiferous plants crop with tree peony, has the characteristics of " three high and one low " outstanding: high production (five Year raw per mu yield is up to 300 kilograms, and mu comprehensive benefit is up to ten thousand yuan), high oil content (seed oil content 22%), high-quality it is (unsaturated Content of fatty acid 92%), low cost (oil use the drought-enduring impoverishment tolerant of tree peony, be suitble to green barren hill afforestation, underwood planting;1 year kind hundred Year receives, at low cost).
Summary of the invention
Aiming at the shortcomings existing in the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of oil Cultivate administration technology of tree peony, makes Its is at low cost, is suitable for large-scale promotion and cultivates, and the oil of plantation is big with the tree peony amount of setting seeds, and oil yield is high.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of oily Cultivate administration technology for using tree peony, wherein including following step It is rapid:
S10, selection of land: selection of land gesture is high and dry, easy draining, fertile sandy loam, avoids and glues heavy, saline and alkaline, low-lying plot, soil PH value is 6.5-8.0, and has certain irrigation condition;
S20, site preparation: deep ploughing 40-60cm remove sundries, apply fertilizer to the subsoil, then do furrow, drainage trenching between adjacent furrow;
S30, seed selection: selection is mature, disease-free oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed is selected with clear water floatation removal impurity and empty grain Healthy oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed is taken, oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed cleanliness is 100%, 95% or more seed vitality;
S40, sowing: the oil of sprouting is sown into the sand soil put in order with Paeonia suffruticosa seed using drilling method, is covered after broadcasting Lid thin soil covers seed, then is covered with withered grass, cultivates seed sprouting;
S50, seedling replanting: seeding row spacing selects 40cm × 50cm perhaps 30cm × 70cm or 40cm × (80+30) cm Plant, 3000-4000 plants per acre of initial density in planting;
S60, fertilising: in oil the growth period timely weeding and fertilising of tree peony, the nitrogen content for controlling soil is unsuitable excessively high, keeps away Exempt from branches and leaves to grow suddenly, growth period imposes phosphorus potash fertilizer, Application Ratio N: P: K=0.8-1.2: 1.8-2.3: 1.5-2.5, to promote Shoot and leaf growth is healthy and strong;
S70, field management: it hoes the fields, top dressing, watering, trimming, deinsectization.
Preferably, in the step S20, organic base fertilizer 1000-1100kg is applied per acre, while to apply 13-14kg pungent for mu The carbendazim of sulphur phosphorus granule and 2.5-3kg carry out pesticide-germicide processing to soil;The component of organic base fertilizer in parts by weight is such as Under: 50-90 parts of agricultural crop straw, 20-40 parts of fishbone dust, 20-30 parts of duckweed, orange peel 20-30 parts fresh, 3-8 parts of calcium lactate, phosphoric acid 5-15 parts of sodium, 1-1.5 parts of cellulase preparation.
Preferably, in the step S50, the planting hole of depth 30cm is dug, nursery stock is placed in cave, root system is unfolded;Cave Nursery stock is above mentioned after inside adding soil, makes rootstock lower than ground 1.5cm or more, is then watered with water and having peace of mind.
Preferably, further comprising the steps of in the step S70:
S701, it hoes the fields: hoing the fields within growth period every 5-7 days primary, shallowly uproot 3-5cm;It hoed the fields within florescence every 7-10 days primary, it is deep to uproot 6-10cm;
S702, top dressing: First Year not top dressing, behind annual top dressing twice, for the first time in 3-4 month, apply decomposed organic Fertilizer, for the second time in 9-10 month, nitrogen fertilizer application, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer, it is 10: 1: 4 that the breeding of nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer, which is compared, is chased after every time It to water in time after fertilizer;
S703, watering: growth period water primary, and florescence watering is primary, and upper soll layer 2cm is wet when watering It can;
S704, trimming: subtracting bennet after blooming every time, retains stem 1-2 outer lateral buds;
S705, deinsectization: red spider, chafer, mole cricket, cutworm, grub: 1000 times of 40% flolimat of Caiyu shop sprinklings Or agent trapping is killed using sex inducement.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages that
The method of the present invention is at low cost, is suitable for large-scale promotion and cultivates, and the oil of plantation is big with the tree peony amount of setting seeds, and oil yield is high.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention is made below with reference to example It is further described, but example is not as a limitation of the invention.
The embodiment of the present invention the following steps are included:
S10, selection of land: selection of land gesture is high and dry, easy draining, fertile sandy loam, avoids and glues heavy, saline and alkaline, low-lying plot, soil PH value is 6.5-8.0, and has certain irrigation condition;
S20, site preparation: deep ploughing 40-60cm remove sundries, apply fertilizer to the subsoil, then do furrow, drainage trenching between adjacent furrow;Per acre Apply organic base fertilizer 1000-1100kg, at the same mu apply the carbendazim of 13-14kg phoxim granule and 2.5-3kg to soil into The processing of row pesticide-germicide;The component of organic base fertilizer in parts by weight is as follows: 50-90 parts of agricultural crop straw, 20-40 parts of fishbone dust, 20-30 parts of duckweed, orange peel 20-30 parts fresh, 3-8 parts of calcium lactate, 5-15 parts of sodium phosphate, 1-1.5 parts of cellulase preparation;
S30, seed selection: selection is mature, disease-free oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed is selected with clear water floatation removal impurity and empty grain Healthy oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed is taken, oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed cleanliness is 100%, 95% or more seed vitality;
S40, sowing: the oil of sprouting is sown into the sand soil put in order with Paeonia suffruticosa seed using drilling method, is covered after broadcasting Lid thin soil covers seed, then is covered with withered grass, cultivates seed sprouting;
S50, seedling replanting: seeding row spacing selects 40cm × 50cm perhaps 30cm × 70cm or 40cm × (80+30) cm Plant, 3000-4000 plants per acre of initial density in planting;Nursery stock is placed in cave, unfolds root system by the planting hole for digging depth 30cm;In cave Nursery stock is above mentioned after adding soil, makes rootstock lower than ground 1.5cm or more, is then watered with water and having peace of mind;
S60, fertilising: in oil the growth period timely weeding and fertilising of tree peony, the nitrogen content for controlling soil is unsuitable excessively high, keeps away Exempt from branches and leaves to grow suddenly, growth period imposes phosphorus potash fertilizer, Application Ratio N: P: K=0.8-1.2: 1.8-2.3: 1.5-2.5, to promote Shoot and leaf growth is healthy and strong;
S70, field management: it hoes the fields, top dressing, watering, trimming, deinsectization.
S701, it hoes the fields: hoing the fields within growth period every 5-7 days primary, shallowly uproot 3-5cm;It hoed the fields within florescence every 7-10 days primary, it is deep to uproot 6-10cm;
S702, top dressing: First Year not top dressing, behind annual top dressing twice, for the first time in 3-4 month, apply decomposed organic Fertilizer, for the second time in 9-10 month, nitrogen fertilizer application, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer, it is 10: 1: 4 that the breeding of nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer, which is compared, is chased after every time It to water in time after fertilizer;
S703, watering: growth period water primary, and florescence watering is primary, and upper soll layer 2cm is wet when watering It can;
S704, trimming: subtracting bennet after blooming every time, retains stem 1-2 outer lateral buds;
S705, deinsectization: red spider, chafer, mole cricket, cutworm, grub: 1000 times of 40% flolimat of Caiyu shop sprinklings Or agent trapping is killed using sex inducement.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, of the invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The widest scope of cause.

Claims (4)

1. the Cultivate administration technology that a kind of oil uses tree peony, which comprises the following steps:
S10, selection of land: selection of land gesture is high and dry, easy draining, fertile sandy loam, avoids and glues heavy, saline and alkaline, low-lying plot, the pH value of soil For 6.5-8.0, and there is certain irrigation condition;
S20, site preparation: deep ploughing 40-60cm remove sundries, apply fertilizer to the subsoil, then do furrow, drainage trenching between adjacent furrow;
S30, seed selection: selection is mature, disease-free oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed is chosen strong with clear water floatation removal impurity and empty grain Health oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed, oil Paeonia suffruticosa seed cleanliness is 100%, 95% or more seed vitality;
S40, sowing: the oil of sprouting is sown into the sand soil put in order with Paeonia suffruticosa seed using drilling method, is covered after broadcasting thin Soil covers seed, then is covered with withered grass, cultivates seed sprouting;
S50, seedling replanting: seeding row spacing selects 40cm × 50cm perhaps 30cm × 70cm or 40cm × (80+30) cm plant, 3000-4000 plants per acre of initial density in planting;
S60, fertilising: in oil the growth period timely weeding and fertilising of tree peony, the nitrogen content for controlling soil is unsuitable excessively high, avoids branch Leaf is grown suddenly, and growth period imposes phosphorus potash fertilizer, Application Ratio N: P: K=0.8-1.2: 1.8-2.3: 1.5-2.5, to promote branches and leaves It grows healthy and strong;
S70, field management: it hoes the fields, top dressing, watering, trimming, deinsectization.
2. the Cultivate administration technology that oil as described in claim 1 uses tree peony, which is characterized in that in the step S20, per acre Apply organic base fertilizer 1000-1100kg, at the same mu apply the carbendazim of 13-14kg phoxim granule and 2.5-3kg to soil into The processing of row pesticide-germicide;The component of organic base fertilizer in parts by weight is as follows: 50-90 parts of agricultural crop straw, 20-40 parts of fishbone dust, 20-30 parts of duckweed, orange peel 20-30 parts fresh, 3-8 parts of calcium lactate, 5-15 parts of sodium phosphate, 1-1.5 parts of cellulase preparation.
3. the Cultivate administration technology that oil as described in claim 1 uses tree peony, which is characterized in that in the step S50, dig deep Nursery stock is placed in cave, unfolds root system by the planting hole of 30cm;Nursery stock is above mentioned after adding soil in cave, makes rootstock lower than ground Then 1.5cm or more is watered with water and having peace of mind.
4. the Cultivate administration technology that oil as described in claim 1 uses tree peony, which is characterized in that in the step S70, also wrap Include following steps:
S701, it hoes the fields: hoing the fields within growth period every 5-7 days primary, shallowly uproot 3-5cm;It hoed the fields within florescence every 7-10 days primary, it is deep to uproot 6- 10cm;
S702, top dressing: First Year not top dressing, behind annual top dressing twice, for the first time in 3-4 month, apply decomposed organic fertilizer, the Secondary in 9-10 month, nitrogen fertilizer application, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer, it is 10: 1: 4 that the breeding of nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer, which is compared, is wanted after each top dressing Watering in time;
S703, watering: growth period water primary, and florescence watering is primary, and upper soll layer 2cm is wet when watering;
S704, trimming: subtracting bennet after blooming every time, retains stem 1-2 outer lateral buds;
S705, deinsectization: red spider, chafer, mole cricket, cutworm, grub: 1000 times of 40% flolimat of Caiyu shop sprinklings are adopted Agent trapping is killed with sex inducement.
CN201710844743.0A 2017-09-15 2017-09-15 A kind of oil Cultivate administration technology of tree peony Pending CN109496517A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110178628A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-30 桂阳县东泰农业开发有限公司 A kind of high oil-producing implantation methods of tree peony
CN110178627A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-30 桂阳县东泰农业开发有限公司 A kind of selenium-rich oil implantation methods of tree peony
CN111328621A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-06-26 甘肃省农业科学院林果花卉研究所 Planting method for interplanting oriental cherry with paeonia rockii for oil

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CN106034615A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-26 郎溪县天香油用牡丹种植专业合作社 Oil peony plantation method
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CN106105640A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-16 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of oil implantation methods of Paeonia suffruticosa
CN106105614A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-11-16 合肥隆扬农业科技有限公司 A kind of oil implantation methods of Paeonia suffruticosa
CN106258367A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 祥云县润华农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of oil implantation methods of Paeonia suffruticosa high yield
CN107047047A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-08-18 江苏农牧科技职业学院 A kind of oil plantation breeding method of tree peony

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010208893A (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-24 Koichi Seki Organic fertilizer and method of manufacturing organic fertilizer
CN104770103A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-15 芜湖市丹洋现代农业科技发展有限公司 Seedling raising method for oil-used peony seeds
CN105075620A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-11-25 安徽省霍山县中绿农林开发有限公司 Method for cultivating and planting oil-used peonies
CN105123224A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 临沂真源观光农业科技有限公司 Oil peony high-yield cultivation method
CN106034615A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-26 郎溪县天香油用牡丹种植专业合作社 Oil peony plantation method
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CN107047047A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-08-18 江苏农牧科技职业学院 A kind of oil plantation breeding method of tree peony

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110178628A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-30 桂阳县东泰农业开发有限公司 A kind of high oil-producing implantation methods of tree peony
CN110178627A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-30 桂阳县东泰农业开发有限公司 A kind of selenium-rich oil implantation methods of tree peony
CN111328621A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-06-26 甘肃省农业科学院林果花卉研究所 Planting method for interplanting oriental cherry with paeonia rockii for oil

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Application publication date: 20190322