CN103936516B - Formula and the preparation method of bio-feritlizer is prepared with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. - Google Patents

Formula and the preparation method of bio-feritlizer is prepared with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. Download PDF

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CN103936516B
CN103936516B CN201410169376.5A CN201410169376A CN103936516B CN 103936516 B CN103936516 B CN 103936516B CN 201410169376 A CN201410169376 A CN 201410169376A CN 103936516 B CN103936516 B CN 103936516B
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broussonetia papyrifera
feritlizer
bio
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CN103936516A (en
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陈华
王业运
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陈华
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Abstract

The invention discloses formula and the preparation method preparing bio-feritlizer with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent.; it relates to the preparation method technical field of a kind of bio-feritlizer; its preparation method is: first dried by leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent.; pulverize standby; soybean cake, green manure, sludge etc. are dried in the sun simultaneously; it is ground into material slag; the Broussonetia papyrifera blade pulverized is mixed homogeneously with material slag; adding water and stir, add composite bacteria agent and peplos agent, stir warehouse-in fermentation; compound fertilizer after fermentation is dried; add pulverizer to smash, enter granulator, make graininess finished product.Its preparation technology is simple, this fertilizer can make absorption that crop equalizes and grow up strong and sturdy, product is nutritious, safety, bright in colour, excellent taste, deeply liked by consumer, and structure leaf fertilizer will not make soil compaction, stepping up soil with organic matter, soil quality progressively recovers, reduce the pollution to environment, can effectively improve the ecological environment.

Description

Use leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. Prepare formula and the preparation method of bio-feritlizer
Technical field:
The present invention relates to prepare with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. formula and the preparation method of bio-feritlizer, belong to the preparation method technical field of a kind of bio-feritlizer.
Background technology:
China is vegetable big producing country in the world, and cultivated area reaches 200,000,000 mu, and the cultivated area of melon and fruit is also more than 100,000,000 mu, and current more than 90% cultivated area is all using fertilizer.Fertilizer has following several at present, and their present situation with feature is:
1, fertilizer: 1. people, animal urine, excrement fertilizer, people, animal urine, excrement by fermentation after (natural fermentation) be a kind of well fertilizer, for thousands of years people always using it as the main source of manure.But along with the progress of society, this fertilizer source is day by day deficient, can not meet Production requirement, and owing to its fertilizer efficiency is slow, nutrient content is low, uses so typically making base manure at all.Additionally people, animal urine excrement contains many virus and bacterias, growing of induction pest and disease damage, have impact on human health;2. cake fertilizer fertilizer, soybean cake, cottonseed cake, rape cake this kind of bean cake class fertilizer, owing to its dissolubility is little, fertilizer efficiency is slow, uses so typically can only make base manure.Additionally soybean cake class contains the carcinogen such as flavacin, is unfavorable for human health, adds raw material sources narrow space, can not meet Production requirement at all;3. plant fertilizer, such as Herba Loti Tenuis, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) etc..Owing to its comprehensive nutrient content is low, with less quick-acting, so only as base manure.Along with the raising of land utilization ratio, rural area is the most rare to the plantation of this kind of vegetable fertilizer material.
2, chemical fertilizer: chemical fertilizer is the abbreviation of chemical fertilizer.It is with mineral, water, air as raw material, through the fertilizer that chemistry and machining are fabricated by.Assortment has tens kinds, and that the most the most frequently used is exactly nitrogen (NH4HCO3Simplify symbol N), phosphorus Ca (H2PO4)2·2H2O potassium (KNO3) normally referred to as " major fertilizer elements ".
The Heterosis of chemical fertilizer exists: 1. nutrient composition content is high.Such as carbamide (NH2)2CO is nitrogenous is 46%, ammonium nitrate NH4NO3Nitrogenous is 30%, calcium superphosphate (P2O5) phosphorous 16%-18%, and pure horse urine nitrogenous only 0.4%~0.5%, phosphorous only 0.2%~0.35%.The nutrient element that unit chemical fertilizer contains is equivalent to tens times of organic fertilizer to hundred times.
2. fertilizer efficiency is fast.When most chemical fertilizer are water solublity or weak acid dissolubility, the rapid utilization absorbed by crops of energy after being manured into soil, plant growth is fast.
The most easy to use.The unit are consumption of chemical fertilizer is few, easy to use, transportation and storage low cost.
The inferior position of chemical fertilizer shows: 1. nutrient kind is single.Chemical fertilizer is many unlike the kind of organic fertilizer Middle nutrition element, typically only a kind of nutrient of every kind of chemical fertilizer, most two or three kind, and at most needs more than 16 kinds nutritional labelings as plant growing, thus chemical fertilizer must with fertilizer with the use of.
2. chemical fertilizer usage was the most at that time, was susceptible to burn seed, burn seedlings, burning root phenomenon.Chemical fertilizer is high due to its nutrient density, and dissolubility is big, as directly contacted with seed or root system, easily causes burn seedlings phenomenon, has a strong impact on output and quality.
3. a large amount of uses of chemical fertilizer, impoverish the soil degeneration, the most also pollutes environment.Owing to the nutrient of chemical fertilizer is single, plant growth needs various nutrients, and lack part can only be drawn from soil, take soil by force, making Soil structure balance be broken, make soil degradation, harden, pH value changes greatly, acid-base balance is broken, and after soil degradation, utilization rate reduces.It is that chemosynthesis certainly will contaminated air and water and soil additionally, due to chemical fertilizer.
4. the resistance of chemical fertilizer is poor, easily grows insect pest, a large amount of or life-time service chemical fertilizer, makes pest and disease damage gradually take place frequently, thus need to be gradually increased the usage amount of pesticide, causes the persticide residue of crop to be piled up, after people are edible, healthy by great damage.
5. chemical fertilizer makes crop deformity grow, and crop quality go fromes bad to worse.Though chemical fertilizer has effect of increasing production, but crop protein nutrient content is relatively low, and sugar content is low, and crude fiber content is high, and some mineral, trace element disappearance, thus have a nasty taste.Puckery, sour in the mouth, do not liked by consumer, Higher output is not accompanied by a higher income so Producer is often.Therefore people look forward to innovative change, can develop a kind of brand-new bio-feritlizer to replace traditional fertilizer and chemical fertilizer, produce a kind of high nutrition, safety food without residual hazard with it, thus improve the ecological environment, are beneficial to man healthy.
Broussonetia papyrifera is Moraceae deciduous tree or fills raw, the raw fine hair of Ye Youmi, flowers and fruits are spherical, take on a red color time ripe, happiness light, strong adaptability, drought and barren soil can grow, and also can grow on the water's edge, happiness calcium soil, also can grow in soil acid, neutral, very strong, substantially without pest and disease damage to flue dust and toxic gas resistance.In addition to severe cold area, northeast, other each province all has wild paper mulberry to grow.
Past rural area is typically plucked leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. and is fed pigs as greenfeed, does not has artificial growth, is not more developed as other products by structure leaf.Through concentrating on studies and putting into practice for many years, Broussonetia papyrifera is carried out scientific cultivation, make its Yield and quality significantly improve, and work out the use the most capable of using as feed of structure leaf simultaneously but also pollution-free food and bio-feritlizer etc. can be made with it, thus produce huge social and economic effects.
Summary of the invention:
For the problems referred to above, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide formula and the preparation method preparing bio-feritlizer with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent..
Formula and the preparation method of preparing bio-feritlizer with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. of the present invention: it is made up of the raw material of following weight ratio: leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. 60-70 part, soybean cake 7-15 part, green manure 10-15 part, sludge 4-8 part, peplos agent 5-10 part, composite bacteria agent 6-12 part;Its preparation method is: first dried 5-8 hour on dehydrator by leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent., then pulverizer is used to pulverize standby by the leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. dried, simultaneously by soybean cake, green manure, sludge dries in the sun mixing, place into and pulverizer is ground into material slag, standby, the Broussonetia papyrifera blade pulverized is mixed homogeneously with material slag, add water and stir, add compound biological bacterium and peplos agent, stir warehouse-in fermentation, fermentation temperature is 25-30 DEG C, fermentation time is 7-10 days, period is every turning in 2-3 days once, compound fertilizer after fermentation is dried, add pulverizer to smash, enter granulator, make graininess finished product.
As preferably, described green manure comprises Semen phaseoli radiati, Semen Viciae fabae, Herba Medicaginis, Herba azollae imbricatae and Herba Eichhorniae.
As preferably, described peplos agent is by the medical stone powder mixing that weight/mass percentage composition is 50%-60% urethane acrylate, the ethyl acrylate of 20%-30%, the chlorinated paraffin of 20%-22%, the cross-linking agent of 1%-2%, 2%-4%, grinding distribution uniformly prepares, and the weight/mass percentage composition of each raw material is 100%.
As preferably, described composite bacteria agent comprises bacillus megaterium, bacillus subtilis, silicate bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: it can overcome the drawback of prior art, preparation technology is simple, and this fertilizer can make absorption that crop equalizes and grow up strong and sturdy, and product is nutritious, safety, bright in colour, excellent taste, is liked by consumer deeply, and structure leaf fertilizer will not make soil compaction, step up soil with organic matter, soil quality progressively recovers, and reduces the pollution to environment, can effectively improve the ecological environment.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
For ease of explanation, the present invention is embodied as and accompanying drawing is described in detail by following.
Fig. 1 is the preparation flow structural representation of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention:
As it is shown in figure 1, this detailed description of the invention is by the following technical solutions:: it is made up of the raw material of following weight ratio: leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. 60-70 part, soybean cake 7-15 part, green manure 10-15 part, sludge 4-8 part, peplos agent 5-10 part, composite bacteria agent 6-12 part;Its preparation method is: first dried 5-8 hour on dehydrator by leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent., then pulverizer is used to pulverize standby by the leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. dried, simultaneously by soybean cake, green manure, sludge dries in the sun mixing, place into and pulverizer is ground into material slag, standby, the Broussonetia papyrifera blade pulverized is mixed homogeneously with material slag, add water and stir, add compound biological bacterium and peplos agent, stir warehouse-in fermentation, fermentation temperature is 25-30 DEG C, fermentation time is 7-10 days, period is every turning in 2-3 days once, compound fertilizer after fermentation is dried, add pulverizer to smash, enter granulator, make graininess finished product.
As preferably, described green manure comprises Semen phaseoli radiati, Semen Viciae fabae, Herba Medicaginis, Herba azollae imbricatae and Herba Eichhorniae.
As preferably, described peplos agent is by the medical stone powder mixing that weight/mass percentage composition is 50%-60% urethane acrylate, the ethyl acrylate of 20%-30%, the chlorinated paraffin of 20%-22%, the cross-linking agent of 1%-2%, 2%-4%, grinding distribution uniformly prepares, and the weight/mass percentage composition of each raw material is 100%.
As preferably, described composite bacteria agent comprises bacillus megaterium, bacillus subtilis, silicate bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
The ultimate principle of the present invention and principal character and advantages of the present invention have more than been shown and described.Skilled person will appreciate that of the industry; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; the principle that the present invention is simply described described in above-described embodiment and description; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements both fall within scope of the claimed invention.Claimed scope is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. the preparation method of bio-feritlizer is prepared with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent., it is characterised in that: it is made up of the raw material of following weight ratio: leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. 60-70 part, soybean cake 7-15 part, green manure 10-15 part, sludge 4-8 part, peplos agent 5-10 part, composite bacteria agent 6-12 part;Its preparation method is: first dried 5-8 hour on dehydrator by leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent., then pulverizer is used to pulverize standby by the leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. dried, simultaneously by soybean cake, green manure, sludge dries in the sun mixing, place into and pulverizer is ground into material slag, standby, the Broussonetia papyrifera blade pulverized is mixed homogeneously with material slag, add water and stir, add compound biological bacterium and peplos agent, stir warehouse-in fermentation, fermentation temperature is 25-30 DEG C, fermentation time is 7-10 days, period is every turning in 2-3 days once, compound fertilizer after fermentation is dried, add pulverizer to smash, enter granulator, make graininess finished product.
Leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. the most according to claim 1 prepares the preparation method of bio-feritlizer, it is characterised in that: described green manure comprises Semen phaseoli radiati, Semen Viciae fabae, Herba Medicaginis, Herba azollae imbricatae and Herba Eichhorniae.
Leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. the most according to claim 1 prepares the preparation method of bio-feritlizer, it is characterized in that: described peplos agent is by the medical stone powder mixing that weight/mass percentage composition is 50%-60% urethane acrylate, the ethyl acrylate of 20%-30%, the chlorinated paraffin of 20%-22%, the cross-linking agent of 1%-2%, 2%-4%, grinding distribution uniformly prepares, and the weight/mass percentage composition of each raw material is 100%.
Leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. the most according to claim 1 prepares the preparation method of bio-feritlizer, it is characterised in that: described composite bacteria agent comprises bacillus megaterium, bacillus subtilis, silicate bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
CN201410169376.5A 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Formula and the preparation method of bio-feritlizer is prepared with leaf of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L.Her.ex Vent. Expired - Fee Related CN103936516B (en)

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CN111820065A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-27 陇南隆康农业科技有限公司 Method for promoting early fruiting of taxus chinensis

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CN105110941A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 安徽丰原马鞍山生物化学有限公司 Novel amino acid organic fertilizer
CN105566013A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-11 南阳中科国通生态科技有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer and preparing method
CN107298623A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-10-27 贞丰县维康精品水果有限公司 A kind of peach fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof
CN107371978A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-11-24 马鞍山市永辉园林绿化有限公司 A kind of method for improving cinnamomum camphora tree seedling replanting survival rate
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