CN103636542A - Indoor artificial propagation method of rhodeus - Google Patents

Indoor artificial propagation method of rhodeus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103636542A
CN103636542A CN201310696520.6A CN201310696520A CN103636542A CN 103636542 A CN103636542 A CN 103636542A CN 201310696520 A CN201310696520 A CN 201310696520A CN 103636542 A CN103636542 A CN 103636542A
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China
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parent
pond
rhodeus
water
fish
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CN201310696520.6A
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CN103636542B (en
Inventor
徐嘉波
施永海
谢永德
陆根海
张海明
张宗锋
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SHANGHAI AQUATIC PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION STATION
Shanghai Fisheries Research Institute
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SHANGHAI AQUATIC PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION STATION
Shanghai Fisheries Research Institute
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

An indoor artificial propagation method of rhodeus comprises the steps of intensive breeding of parent rhodeus, mating of the parent rhodeus, collection of offspring seeds and breeding of the offspring seeds. The method is characterized in that for the intensive breeding of the parent rhodeus, an adult rhodeus population cultured in a pond for one year is taken as a parent rhodeus population, female parent rhodeus individuals with clear ovary outlines and fallopian tubes extending to be tubular as well as male parent rhodeus individuals which can flow milky semen from abdomens when being slightly pressed at abdomens are selected at a ratio of 1:1, clams are released in a parent rhodeus culture pond, the offspring seeds are collected through drawing nets after one month and distributed in offspring seed culture ponds for breeding, opening baits for offspring seed breeding are small fresh-water rotifers filtered by a bolting-silk net with the fineness of 80 meshes, later, rotifers and moina filtered by a bolting-silk net with the fineness of 60 meshes are gradually supplemented, fries are fed with rotifers and copepoda filtered by a bolting-silk net with the fineness of 40 meshes when growing to 15 mm in total length, and the fries can be placed in ponds for conventional culture when being cultured to 30 mm in total length.

Description

A kind of Bitterling Welfare indoor artificial propagation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Li Ke Interpretive subfamily Bitterling Welfare and belong to artificial propagation of fish technology, especially Bitterling Welfare indoor artificial propagation technology.
Background technology
Bitterling Welfare (Rhodeus), be under the jurisdiction of Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae, Interpretive subfamily, be the wild freshwater fish of a kind of small-sized omnivorousness, each large water system all has distribution, especially take on the south the Changjiang river as many, has special reproductive habit (ovum originates in the gill lamella of freshwater mussel).Bitterling Welfare, omnivorousness, take algae as main, food is blade, the algae of pasture and water, higher plant, organic matter, zooplankton, aquatic insect and the cladocera etc. of precipitation, for the algal tufa phenomenon of controlling eutrophication water generation, the substrate of river training, view waters, cultivating pool has positive role.In addition, Bitterling Welfare has nuptial coloration, and mating season, milter color is extremely bright-coloured, and belly is Chinese red, fin pale red, and rhynchodaenm and eye socket periphery tool pearl star, be deeply subject to Chinese primary fish to view and admire fan and like having ornamental value.Meanwhile, Bitterling Welfare also can be used as a herb material, has and adds essence benefit marrow, mends the fire of three warmers, beneficial taste, the effect of an acne poison.In scientific research and breeding production, because Bitterling Welfare is small fishes, it can be used as the forage fiss of some large-scale predacious fishes; Because of its breeding cycle shorter, also can be developed as zoopery fish.
In recent years, water pollution, people excessively capture and the factor such as illegal electricity, fried, malicious fish has had a strong impact on the natural resources amount of Bitterling Welfare, and Bitterling Welfare fertility is more weak, its special reproductive habit (ovum originates in the gill lamella of freshwater mussel) becomes the bottleneck of carrying out artificial propagation techniques research, has hindered the exploitation to its follow-up scientific research, ecology, economic worth.At present, the domestic report that there is no further investigation artificial propagation techniques, therefore, Bitterling Welfare artificial propagation techniques becomes the key of protection Bitterling Welfare germ plasm resource and the production of development Bitterling Welfare large-scale cultivation, and tool is of great significance.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide the indoor intensive artificial breeding technology of a kind of Bitterling Welfare.
Technical scheme of the present invention comprises reinforced cultivating, parent population mating, seed collection and the seed rearing step of Bitterling Welfare parent population; The reinforced cultivating that it is characterized in that Bitterling Welfare parent population adopts BitterlingWelfare adult fish colony through pond culture in a year as parent fish population, selection can be seen pure and fresh ovary profile, oviduct and extends into the female fish parent fish individuality of tubulose and gently press belly to have the milter parent population individuality that milky seminal fluid flows out, male and female are than for 1:1, require that the physically fit vigor of the institute parent population that selects is good, scale and the complete body surface smooth of fin ray be without scar; Parent fish rearing pond is 20-25 m 2indoor cement pit, breeding density 20-25 tail/m 2, with fan blower continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5-1/m 2, throw something and feed 0 #shrimp pellet, throws something and feeds 2 every day, and every day, soil pick-up, changed weekly water 1 time; At the beginning of parent fish rearing to 4 month, in canopy, water temperature has risen to more than 15 ℃, in parent fish rearing pond, throws in freshwater mussel, throw in density and be 5-10 only/m 2; The natural mating of male and female parent population, when Bitterling Welfare is laid eggs, first finds freshwater mussel, by elongated oviduct, inserts in freshwater mussel water tube, and ovum is produced in or beyond the gill in mantle cavity, and raun has produced after ovum, and milter makes its fertilization immediately, and fertilized egg is hatched growth in freshwater mussel body; After freshwater mussel is thrown in January, in observing parent fish rearing pond, there is juvenile fish cluster, with 80 object bolting silk nets, draw in the net to collect, draw in the net to operate at present gang rope from 15-20 cm at the bottom of pond, the juvenile fish of collection connects in water band seedling immigration nursery pond with basin, and parent population returns to former pond; Nursery pond is 20-25 m 2indoor cement pit, breeding density 1000-2000 tail/pond, with fan blower continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5-1/m 2, adopt hydrostatic inflation method to cultivate, water temperature 20-28 ℃; Water for larval nursing is fresh water, after two-stage precipitation, with injecting nursery pond after 200 object bolting silk net filtrations; Seed rearing open-mouthed bait was the small-sized freshwater rotifer of 80 mesh sieve tulles, and wheel animalcule density is 1-2/ml, and morning and afternoon, each was thrown once, cultivated the wheel animalcule, the Moina that within 7 days, supplemented afterwards 60 mesh sieve tulles, increased its palatability; Every day is once changed water once in the clear end of soil pick-up every day, and quantity of exchanged water is 60%; Fry grows to total length 15mm, throw something and feed wheel animalcule and around the young of sufficient class, zooplankton is fished for after rear use 40 object bolting silks filter and throws something and feeds, morning and afternoon, each was thrown once, water is once changed once every other day in the clear end of soil pick-up every day, and quantity of exchanged water is 60-70%, cultivation fry can be put into pond and carry out conventional cultivation more than being grown to total length 30mm.
Outstanding feature of the present invention is: 1) solved Bitterling Welfare indoor artificial propagation technology, with respect to Bitterling Welfare, need rely on freshwater mussel to complete the natural propagation pattern that yolk was grown before the phase, formed the rearing of fingerling that artificial controllability is stronger; 2) indoor seed rearing obviously improves with respect to natural propagation survival rate, affected by factor of natural environment little; 3) solve artificial propagation and a plurality of key technology points such as the middle food species of growing seedlings, breeding density, parent population juvenile fish separating method, formed operational procedure, easy and simple to handle, be easy to accept and promote.
Embodiment
Production technology step of the present invention comprises: the reinforced cultivating of Bitterling Welfare parent population, parent population mating, embryo are in vitro, artificial incubation and seed rearing.
One, the reinforced cultivating of parent population:
Employing through the BitterlingWelfare adult fish colony of pond culture in a year as parent fish population, selection can be seen pure and fresh ovary profile, oviduct and extends into the female fish parent fish individuality of tubulose and gently press belly to have the milter parent population individuality that milky seminal fluid flows out, male and female are than for 1:1, require that the physically fit vigor of the institute parent population that selects is good, scale and the complete body surface smooth of fin ray be without scar.Culturing pool is 20-25 m 2indoor cement pit, breeding density 20-25 tail/m 2, with fan blower continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5-1/m 2, throw something and feed 0 #shrimp pellet, throws something and feeds 2 every day, and every day, soil pick-up, changed weekly water 1 time.
Two, parent population mating:
At the beginning of parent fish rearing to 4 month, in canopy, water temperature has risen to more than 15 ℃, throws in freshwater mussel in culturing pool, freshwater mussel throw in density be 5-10 only/m 2, the natural mating of male and female parent population, when Bitterling Welfare is laid eggs, first finds freshwater mussel, by elongated oviduct, inserts in freshwater mussel water tube, and ovum is produced in or beyond the gill in mantle cavity, and raun has produced after ovum, and milter makes its fertilization immediately, and fertilized egg is hatched growth in freshwater mussel body.
Three, seed is collected:
After freshwater mussel is thrown in January, in observing parent fish rearing pond, there is juvenile fish cluster, with 80 object bolting silk nets, draw in the net to collect, draw in the net to operate at present gang rope from 15-20 cm at the bottom of pond, the juvenile fish of collection connects in water band seedling immigration nursery pond with basin, and parent population returns to former pond.
Four, seed rearing:
Nursery pond is 20-25 m 2indoor cement pit, breeding density 1000-2000 tail/pond, with fan blower continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5-1/m 2, adopt hydrostatic inflation method to cultivate, water temperature is natural temperature, scope 20-28 ℃; Water for larval nursing is fresh water, after two-stage precipitation, with injecting nursery pond after 200 object bolting silk net filtrations; Seed rearing open-mouthed bait was the small-sized freshwater rotifer of 80 mesh sieve tulles, and wheel animalcule density is 1-2/ml, and morning and afternoon, each was thrown once, cultivated the wheel animalcule, the Moina that within 7 days, supplemented afterwards 60 mesh sieve tulles, increased its palatability; Every day is once changed water once in the clear end of soil pick-up every day, and quantity of exchanged water is 60%; Fry grows to total length 15mm, throw something and feed wheel animalcule and around the young of sufficient class, zooplankton is fished for after rear use 40 object bolting silks filter and throws something and feeds, morning and afternoon, each was thrown once, water is once changed once every other day in the clear end of soil pick-up every day, and quantity of exchanged water is 60-70%, cultivation fry can be put into pond and carry out conventional cultivation more than being grown to total length 30mm.

Claims (1)

1. a Bitterling Welfare indoor artificial propagation method, comprises that reinforced cultivating, parent population mating, the seed of Bitterling Welfare parent population collected and seed rearing step; The reinforced cultivating that it is characterized in that Bitterling Welfare parent population adopts BitterlingWelfare adult fish colony through pond culture in a year as parent fish population, selection can be seen pure and fresh ovary profile, oviduct and extends into the female fish parent fish individuality of tubulose and gently press belly to have the milter parent population individuality that milky seminal fluid flows out, male and female are than for 1:1, require that the physically fit vigor of the institute parent population that selects is good, scale and the complete body surface smooth of fin ray be without scar; Parent fish rearing pond is 20-25 m 2indoor cement pit, breeding density 20-25 tail/m 2, with fan blower continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5-1/m 2, throw something and feed 0 #shrimp pellet, throws something and feeds 2 every day, and every day, soil pick-up, changed weekly water 1 time; At the beginning of parent fish rearing to 4 month, in canopy, water temperature has risen to more than 15 ℃, in parent fish rearing pond, throws in freshwater mussel, throw in density and be 5-10 only/m 2; The natural mating of male and female parent population, when Bitterling Welfare is laid eggs, first finds freshwater mussel, by elongated oviduct, inserts in freshwater mussel water tube, and ovum is produced in or beyond the gill in mantle cavity, and raun has produced after ovum, and milter makes its fertilization immediately, and fertilized egg is hatched growth in freshwater mussel body; After freshwater mussel is thrown in January, in observing parent fish rearing pond, there is juvenile fish cluster, with 80 object bolting silk nets, draw in the net to collect, draw in the net to operate at present gang rope from 15-20 cm at the bottom of pond, the juvenile fish of collection connects in water band seedling immigration nursery pond with basin, and parent population returns to former pond; Nursery pond is 20-25 m 2indoor cement pit, breeding density 1000-2000 tail/pond, with fan blower continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5-1/m 2, adopt hydrostatic inflation method to cultivate, water temperature 20-28 ℃; Water for larval nursing is fresh water, after two-stage precipitation, with injecting nursery pond after 200 object bolting silk net filtrations; Seed rearing open-mouthed bait was the small-sized freshwater rotifer of 80 mesh sieve tulles, and wheel animalcule density is 1-2/ml, and morning and afternoon, each was thrown once, cultivated the wheel animalcule, the Moina that within 7 days, supplemented afterwards 60 mesh sieve tulles, increased its palatability; Every day is once changed water once in the clear end of soil pick-up every day, and quantity of exchanged water is 60%; Fry grows to total length 15mm, throw something and feed wheel animalcule and around the young of sufficient class, zooplankton is fished for after rear use 40 object bolting silks filter and throws something and feeds, morning and afternoon, each was thrown once, water is once changed once every other day in the clear end of soil pick-up every day, and quantity of exchanged water is 60-70%, cultivation fry can be put into pond and carry out conventional cultivation more than being grown to total length 30mm.
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104012437A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-09-03 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Rhodeus sinensis artificial propagation method
CN104054614A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-24 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Ecological polyculture method of river cabs, freshwater shrimps and rhodeus sinensis
CN104770317A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-07-15 江苏农牧科技职业学院 Ecological mixed aquaculture method for bitterling and crayfish
CN105379649A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-09 上海市水产研究所 Ecological early-breeding method of rhodeus in greenhouse cement pond
CN107114284A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-01 临沂大学 A kind of Bitterling Welfare fish-eggs gather hatching apparatus
CN110522476A (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-12-03 Imv技术股份有限公司 Collection of animal semen device
CN110522477A (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-12-03 Imv技术股份有限公司 Collection of animal semen device

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110432192B (en) * 2019-09-10 2021-07-16 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) Method for prolonging artificial propagation time of alosa sapidissima

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李育培: "《高体鳑鲏的生物学特性及人工养殖技术》", 《渔业致富指南》 *
王权等: "《中华鳑鲏产卵时对河蚌大小的选择研究》", 《上海海洋大学学报》 *

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104012437A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-09-03 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Rhodeus sinensis artificial propagation method
CN104012437B (en) * 2014-06-19 2016-02-24 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 China Bitterling Welfare artificial fecundation method
CN104054614A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-24 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Ecological polyculture method of river cabs, freshwater shrimps and rhodeus sinensis
CN104054614B (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-08-24 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 A kind of ecological polyculturing method of crab, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and China
CN104770317A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-07-15 江苏农牧科技职业学院 Ecological mixed aquaculture method for bitterling and crayfish
CN105379649A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-09 上海市水产研究所 Ecological early-breeding method of rhodeus in greenhouse cement pond
CN107114284A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-01 临沂大学 A kind of Bitterling Welfare fish-eggs gather hatching apparatus
CN110522476A (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-12-03 Imv技术股份有限公司 Collection of animal semen device
CN110522477A (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-12-03 Imv技术股份有限公司 Collection of animal semen device
CN110522477B (en) * 2018-05-24 2022-04-08 Imv技术股份有限公司 Animal semen collection device

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