CN103601559A - Fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture and fermented fertilizer - Google Patents

Fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture and fermented fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103601559A
CN103601559A CN201310617389.XA CN201310617389A CN103601559A CN 103601559 A CN103601559 A CN 103601559A CN 201310617389 A CN201310617389 A CN 201310617389A CN 103601559 A CN103601559 A CN 103601559A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
fermentation
viticultural
farm manure
calcium superphosphate
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CN201310617389.XA
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CN103601559B (en
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汤建新
唐永副
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Jiangsu shuangchang Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.
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LANSHAN COUNTY XINSHUN AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMEN Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture. The method comprises the following steps: (1) digging a fermenting tank; (2) pouring farmyard manure into the fermenting tank, applying calcium superphosphate to the fermenting tank, and stirring in a mode of adding 100kg of calcium superphosphate in every 1ton of farmyard manure; (3) spreading a layer of decomposition agent after the farmyard manure and the calcium superphosphate are uniformly stirred, and spreading a layer of farmyard manure on the decomposition agent; (4) mulching films on the surface layer for fermenting the fertilizer; and (5) removing the films every half a month, turning the fermented fertilizer from top to bottom once, and covering the films again. The invention also discloses a fermented fertilizer for viticulture. The prepared fermented fertilizer is long in fertilizer efficiency time and high in content of nutritional ingredients.

Description

For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer fermentation field, particularly relate to for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer.
Background technology
The output of grape is just the utilization of fertilizer, the object of fertilising is the first requirement of crop to nutrition aspect that usually meet that have additional nutrients, raising effect output and quality, only grasp principal element N, P, K that grape needs, middle amount just can take rational fertilizing method to improve the reasonable utilization ratio of fertilizer without plain Ca, Mg, S and trace elements iron, manganese, zinc, boron, copper, molybdenum and chlorine.
Traditional fertilizer fermentation process is general adopt single feces of livestock and poultry add appropriate containing the high stalk of carbon-nitrogen ratio etc. as fermenting raw materials, after rising to 60 ~ 65 ℃, temperature translates into once, translate into continuously twice or thrice and just can ferment, although this fermentation process fermentation time is short, easy and simple to handle, but the fertilizer efficiency time is short, nutrient composition content and the stability of fermentation fertilizer are low.
CN 102775207A discloses a kind of chicken manure pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof on November 14th, 2012, the method is that chicken manure and pig manure are mixed by different proportionings, add EM bacterium, straw powder or rice chaff, calcium superphosphate and peat soil to be mixed and be fermented into chicken manure pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer, yet the fermentation time of the method is short, thereby easily cause the fertilizer efficiency time short, the nutrient composition content of fermentation fertilizer is low.
CN 1680218B discloses manufacture method and the fermentation fertilizer of fermentation fertilizer for 03 month on the 30th in 2011, the method is to take bamboo shoot skins and any one or both of the tender bamboo that bamboo shoots were grown up to of not excavating are main raw material, and add at least one microorganism fertilizer mix and blend, after stirring, repeatedly stir stirring repeatedly, finally place at normal temperatures and within 1 ~ 2 month, obtain fermentation fertilizer, it is more that yet the stirring of the method stirred number of times, need stir every 1 ~ 2 day, and append raw material simultaneously, operate more loaded down with trivial details, labour intensity is high, and uses microorganism fertilizer cost higher.
Summary of the invention
First technical problem to be solved by this invention is, overcomes the above-mentioned defect that prior art exists, and provides a kind of for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, and the fertilizer efficiency time of gained fermentation fertilizer is long, and nutrient composition content is high.
Second technical problem to be solved by this invention be, overcomes the above-mentioned defect that prior art exists, and provides a kind of for viticultural fermentation fertilizer.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that first technical problem adopts: for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1) dig any length and width, the fermentation vat that 50 ~ 70cm is dark;
2) pour farm manure into fermentation vat, cladding thickness is 20 ~ 40cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, and the mode that adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate with one ton of farm manure stirs;
3) after farm manure adds calcium superphosphate and stirs, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 20 ~ 40cm;
4) at Surface mulch mulch film, carry out fertilizer fermentation;
5) every first quarter moon, open mulch film afterwards, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn once from top to down, then again build mulch film, treat
Can be used for 2 to March.
Preferably, fermentation vat described in step 1) is that 60cm is dark.
Preferably, described in step 1), pour farm manure into fermentation vat, cladding thickness is 30cm.
Preferably, described in step 3), on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 30cm.
Further, described farm manure is one or more mixtures of the ight soil of chicken, duck, pig, ox and/or straw, tangerine bar, weeds.
Further, described farm manure be in the ight soil of chicken, duck, pig, ox arbitrarily two or more.
Further, the ight soil of described chicken, duck, pig, ox must be first before pouring fermentation vat into water filling dilution, reach hand pinch agglomerating, unclamp loose, the state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia not.
Further, described straw, tangerine bar, weeds must first be shredded or pulverize before pouring fermentation vat into.
Further, described in step 4), at Surface mulch mulch film, be apart from 10 ~ 20cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film.
Preferably, the fermentation date of fertilizer fermentation is 6 ~ August.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that second technical problem adopt: a kind of for viticultural fermentation fertilizer, include the fertilizer fermentation process described in above-mentioned any one.
Chicken manure is that in all conventional feces of livestock and poultry, nutritive value is the highest, chicken manure is containing crude protein approximately 28%, pure protein 13%, total amino acid 8%, and each seed amino acid is balance relatively, in addition, in chicken manure, organic matter accounts for 25.5%, nitrogen accounts for 1.63%, phosphoric acid accounts for 1.54%, potassium accounts for 0.82%, be rich in amino acid simultaneously, copper, zinc, iron, manganese, magnesium, selenium and other trace elements and rich vitamin B, so fertilizer efficiency is higher, the lasting period is long; Pig manure contains the multiple nutritional components such as protein, fats, organic acid, Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose and inorganic salt, wherein organic matter accounts for 15%, nitrogen accounts for 0.5 ~ 0.6%, phosphorus accounts for 0.45 ~ 0.5%, potassium accounts for 0.35 ~ 0.45%, in pig manure, generally do not contain the elements such as magnesium, selenium, the content of vitamin A is higher.Because pig manure carbon-nitrogen ratio is less than other animal waste, protein state nitrogen wherein can be decomposed into ammonia-state nitrogen quickly, so in pig manure, the content of quick-acting nitrogen is higher, therefore belongs to readily avaiable fertilizer; And duck excrement is the highest inferior to nutritive ingredient after chicken manure; The organic matter of cow dung accounts for 14.5%, and nitrogen accounts for 0.3 ~ 0.45%, and phosphorus accounts for 0.15 ~ 0.25%, and potassium accounts for 0.1 ~ 0.16%, and nutritive ingredient is lower.
In addition, it is the most excellent at aspects such as drying property, acquisition easiness that chicken manure or duck excrement have mixed the fertilizer of cow dung, and next fertilizer that has mixed pig manure is good, this is according to the difference of using cattle food, the washiness of pig manure particularly, the fibrination of cow dung, it is not preferred using separately.
The present invention compared with prior art has following features: the prepared fermentation fertilizer fertilizer efficiency time of the present invention is long, and nutrient composition content is high.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1), in June, dig a fermentation vat that 80cm is long, 40cm is wide, 60cm is dark;
2) chicken manure is mixed to rear water filling dilution with cow dung with the ratio of 1:1, control water-content reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp loose, the state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia not, then pour fermentation vat into, cladding thickness is 20cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, and the mode that adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate with one ton of farm manure stirs;
3) after farm manure adds calcium superphosphate and stirs, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 20 cm, the raw material of farm manure is the fertilizer that in step 1), chicken manure forms after mixing water filling with cow dung;
4) carrying out fertilizer fermentation apart from 10cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film, be beneficial to passing into of oxygen, the temperature of fermentation vat is 55 ℃;
5) every first quarter moon, open mulch film afterwards, adopt manually upset from top to down once, then again to build mulch film in the fertilizer in fermentation, treat can use February.
Adopt after aforesaid method, the nutrient composition content of fermentation fertilizer used is: nitrogen 1.85%, phosphorus 1.76%, potassium 1.68%, calcium 1.76%, magnesium 0.64%, organic 63.4%.
Embodiment 2
For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1), in July, dig a fermentation vat that 80cm is long, 40cm is wide, 60cm is dark;
2) the tangerine bar of chicken manure, pig manure and pulverizing is mixed to rear water filling dilution with the ratio of 3:3:1, control water-content control water-content reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp loose, the state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia not, then pour fermentation vat into, cladding thickness is 30cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, and the mode that adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate with one ton of farm manure stirs;
3) after farm manure adds calcium superphosphate and stirs, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 30 cm, the raw material of farm manure is the fertilizer forming after the tangerine bar mixing water filling of chicken manure, pig manure and pulverizing in step 1);
4) carrying out fertilizer fermentation apart from 15cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film, be beneficial to passing into of oxygen, the temperature of fermentation vat is 60 ℃;
5) every first quarter moon, open mulch film afterwards, adopt manually upset from top to down once, to treat can use February in the fertilizer in fermentation.
Adopt after aforesaid method, the nutrient composition content of fermentation fertilizer used is: nitrogen 1.94%, phosphorus 1.83%, potassium 1.75%, calcium 1.80%, magnesium 0.75%, organic 64.2%.
Embodiment 3
For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1), in August, dig a fermentation vat that 80cm is long, 40cm is wide, 60cm is dark;
2) straw of duck excrement, pig manure, cow dung and pulverizing is mixed to rear water filling dilution with the ratio of 2:2:2:1, control water-content reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp loose, the state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia not, then pour fermentation vat into, cladding thickness is 40cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, and the mode that adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate with one ton of farm manure stirs;
3) after farm manure adds calcium superphosphate and stirs, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 40cm, the raw material of farm manure is the fertilizer forming after the straw mixing water filling of pig manure in step 1), duck excrement, cow dung and pulverizing again;
4) carrying out fertilizer fermentation apart from 20cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film, be beneficial to passing into of oxygen, the temperature of fermentation vat is 70 ℃;
5) every first quarter moon, open mulch film afterwards, adopt manually upset from top to down once, then again to build mulch film in the fertilizer in fermentation, treat can use March.
Adopt after aforesaid method, the fertilizer efficiency time of fermentation fertilizer used is that nutrient composition content is: nitrogen 2.01%, phosphorus 1.95%, potassium 1.81%, calcium 1.87%, magnesium 0.80%, organic 66.4%.
Embodiment 4
By the method the same with embodiment 1, still, in step 5), adopt upset agitator automatic stirring from top to down, upset is once, the same with the situation of embodiment 1, can obtain good fermentation fertilizer.
Embodiment 5
After the fruit harvesting of grape, in fibrous root outside, dig 1 dark 40~60cm, the ditch of wide 20~40cm, every mu applies the prepared fermentation fertilizer 3000kg of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3.
Embodiment 6
Get the embodiment 1 of 100 kilograms or embodiment 2 or the prepared fermentation fertilizer of embodiment 3 and mix with the tackiness agent of 25 kilograms, through granulation, dryly can obtain bio-organic fertilizer.

Claims (8)

1. for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
1) dig any length and width, the fermentation vat that 50 ~ 70cm is dark;
2) pour farm manure into fermentation vat, cladding thickness is 20 ~ 40cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, and the mode that adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate with one ton of farm manure stirs;
3) after farm manure adds calcium superphosphate and stirs, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 20 ~ 40cm;
4) at Surface mulch mulch film, carry out fertilizer fermentation;
5) every first quarter moon, open mulch film afterwards, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn once from top to down, then again build mulch film, treat can use for 2 to March.
2. as claimed in claim 1ly for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, described farm manure is one or more mixtures of the ight soil of chicken, duck, pig, ox and/or straw, tangerine bar, weeds.
3. as claimed in claim 2ly for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, described farm manure be in the ight soil of chicken, duck, pig, ox arbitrarily two or more.
4. as claimed in claim 3ly for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, the ight soil of described chicken, duck, pig, ox must first water filling dilution before pouring fermentation vat into, reach hand pinch agglomerating, unclamp loose, the state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia not.
5. as claimed in claim 4ly for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, described straw, tangerine bar, weeds must first be shredded or pulverize before pouring fermentation vat into.
6. as claimed in claim 5ly for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, is apart from 10 ~ 20cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film at Surface mulch mulch film described in step 4).
7. as claimed in claim 6ly for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, the fermentation date of fertilizer fermentation is 5 ~ September.
8. for a viticultural fermentation fertilizer, it is characterized in that, comprise viticultural fertilizer fermentation process described in any one in the claims 1 to 7.
CN201310617389.XA 2013-11-29 2013-11-29 For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer Active CN103601559B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103936469A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-23 周萍萍 Grape organic fertilizer
CN107162683A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-15 宋桂林 A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure
CN108503405A (en) * 2018-06-24 2018-09-07 临汾市广奇农业发展有限公司 A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000185988A (en) * 1998-12-22 2000-07-04 Shiwa Hozen:Kk Fertilizer or soil conditioner made of livestock excreta and its production
CN102775207A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-14 长春华御实业集团有限公司 Chicken manure/pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102807399A (en) * 2011-06-02 2012-12-05 卞中富 Method for preparing novel organic fertilizer special for fruits and vegetables
CN102887753A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-23 周子恒 Production method of wine lees organic fertilizer
CN103044099A (en) * 2011-10-13 2013-04-17 万小民 Method for making special novel fertilizer for strawberries

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000185988A (en) * 1998-12-22 2000-07-04 Shiwa Hozen:Kk Fertilizer or soil conditioner made of livestock excreta and its production
JP4037550B2 (en) * 1998-12-22 2008-01-23 有限会社シワ保全 Method for producing fertilizer or soil amendment using livestock excreta
CN102807399A (en) * 2011-06-02 2012-12-05 卞中富 Method for preparing novel organic fertilizer special for fruits and vegetables
CN103044099A (en) * 2011-10-13 2013-04-17 万小民 Method for making special novel fertilizer for strawberries
CN102775207A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-14 长春华御实业集团有限公司 Chicken manure/pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102887753A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-23 周子恒 Production method of wine lees organic fertilizer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103936469A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-23 周萍萍 Grape organic fertilizer
CN107162683A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-15 宋桂林 A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure
CN108503405A (en) * 2018-06-24 2018-09-07 临汾市广奇农业发展有限公司 A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure

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Denomination of invention: Fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture and fermented fertilizer

Effective date of registration: 20171229

Granted publication date: 20160106

Pledgee: Hunan Lanshan rural commercial bank Limited by Share Ltd Chengguan Branch

Pledgor: LANSHAN COUNTY XINSHUN AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMEN CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2017430000126

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20210106

Address after: 224400 No.1 shuangchang Avenue, Funing Aoyang Industrial Park, Funing County, Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu shuangchang Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 425806 Xiadong village, Nanshi Town, Lanshan County, Yongzhou City, Hunan Province

Patentee before: LANSHAN XINSHUN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.