CN108503405A - A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure - Google Patents

A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108503405A
CN108503405A CN201810656594.XA CN201810656594A CN108503405A CN 108503405 A CN108503405 A CN 108503405A CN 201810656594 A CN201810656594 A CN 201810656594A CN 108503405 A CN108503405 A CN 108503405A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
farm manure
manure
fertilizer
calcium superphosphate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810656594.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
祁林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Linfen Guangqi Agricultural Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Linfen Guangqi Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Linfen Guangqi Agricultural Development Co Ltd filed Critical Linfen Guangqi Agricultural Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810656594.XA priority Critical patent/CN108503405A/en
Publication of CN108503405A publication Critical patent/CN108503405A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure of the present invention, used technical solution are:1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;2)Farm manure is poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness is 30 45cm, then applies calcium superphosphate into fermentation vat, is stirred in such a way that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is the farm manure of 30 45cm on decomposing agent;4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, then covers mulch again, is carried out second and is fermented, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can is applied.

Description

A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer fermentation arts, more particularly to a kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure.
Background technology
Chemical fertilizer input increases significantly in recent years, and since nutrient type contained by chemical fertilizer is single, chronic administration be easy to cause soil It is uneven with the nutrient in food, nutrient loss is caused, environment is polluted, quality of agricultural product can be reduced using improper.It is long-term a large amount of The activity that can inhibit edaphon using chemical fertilizer causes the self-regulation ability of soil to decline, thus while in chemical fertilizer Contained single nutrient is high, and amount of application is few, but chronic administration chemical fertilizer is not under the demand of current pay attention to day by day living environment Desirable, it is of great significance to the development of organic fertilizer.
China's livestock culture intensive degree is higher and higher, and fowl and livestock farm is mostly close to water source, the row of a large amount of fowl and animal excrements It puts, seriously affects the sustainable development of human and livestock health and livestock culture industry, seriously endangered to caused by environment, have become rural area The principal element of pollution is faced, currently, the utilization of fowl and animal excrement mainly has fodder, energy and Fertilizer Transformed, wherein due to fowl Animal manure just in containing the nutriment needed for the crop growths such as a large amount of organic matter and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and exist as fertilizer application In planting industry, but due in fowl and animal excrement moisture it is high, whens a large amount of applications, is very inconvenient, therefore limits applying for fowl and animal excrement With.
Invention content
Present invention solves the technical problem that being to provide a kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of Rapid Fermentation side of farm manure Method includes the following steps:
1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;
2)Farm manure is poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness 30-45cm, then applies calcium superphosphate into fermentation vat, with one ton of agriculture The mode of family's fertilizer plus 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate is stirred;
3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is on decomposing agent The farm manure of 30-45cm;
4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;
5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, is then covered ground again Film carries out second and ferments, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can application.
As a kind of preferred fast fermentation method of farm manure, the farm manure is chicken, duck, pig, the excrement of ox and rice Grass, tangerine bar, weeds one or more of mixtures, be added bio-bacterial manure leavening mixing.
As a kind of preferred fast fermentation method of farm manure, the first water filling of farm manure palpus before pouring into fermentation vat is dilute It releases, reaches hand and pinch agglomerating, unclamp and dissipate, the not state of drop of water.
As a kind of preferred fast fermentation method of farm manure, the straw, tangerine bar, weeds palpus before pouring into fermentation vat It first shreds or crushes.
Chicken manure is that nutritive value is highest in all conventional feces of livestock and poultry, and chicken manure contains crude protein about 28%, pure protein 13%, Total amino acid 8%, and various amino acid compare balance, in addition, organic matter accounts for 25.5%, nitrogen and accounts for 1.63%, phosphoric acid and accounts in chicken manure 1.54%, potassium accounts for 0.82%, while being rich in amino acid, copper, zinc, iron, manganese, magnesium, selenium and other trace elements and is rich in vitamin B, because This fertilizer efficiency is higher, and the lasting period is long;Pig manure contains protein, fats, organic acid, cellulose, hemicellulose and inorganic salts etc. Multiple nutritional components, wherein organic matter account for 15%, nitrogen and account for that 0.5-0.6%, phosphorus accounts for 0.45-0.5%, potassium accounts for 0.35-0.45%, pig manure In not contain elements, the content of vitamin A such as magnesium, selenium generally then higher.Since pig manure carbon-nitrogen ratio is smaller than other animal wastes, Protein state nitrogen therein can be decomposed into ammoniacal nitrogen quickly, thus in pig manure quick-acting nitrogen content it is higher, be consequently belonging to speed Imitate fertilizer;And duck excrement is highest inferior to nutritional ingredient after chicken manure;The organic matter of cow dung accounts for 14.5%, and nitrogen accounts for 0.3-0.45%, Phosphorus accounts for 0.15-0.25%, and potassium accounts for 0.1-0.16%, and nutritional ingredient is relatively low.In addition, chicken manure or duck excrement are mixed with the fertilizer of cow dung dry Dry property, easiness in obtaining etc. are most excellent, and the fertilizer that next is mixed with pig manure is good, this is according to the difference for using feed stripped Not, especially the washiness of pig manure, the fibrination of cow dung, exclusive use are undesirable.
As described above, the present invention has an advantageous effect in that compared with prior art:The present invention with chicken, duck, pig, cow dung just It is one or more be raw material, can improve N, P, K, Ca in farm manure, improve nutrient composition content, calcium superphosphate was fermenting So that fermentation temperature increases rapidly in journey, yeasting ensure that, while bio-bacterial manure leavening is added, improve fermentation speed Degree so that fermentation time greatly shortens, and preparation method is easy to operate, at low cost, using convenience, made farm manure, Fertility is strong, fertility is lasting, and can effectively improve soil, alleviate soil hardening, improve soil texture;Plant can be effectively ensured Growth, completely filled fruit, improve crop yield.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure, includes the following steps:
1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;
2)By chicken manure, pig manure and the tangerine of crushing bar with 4:3:Water filling dilutes after 2 ratio mixing, controls water content, reaches hand Pinch it is agglomerating, unclamp i.e. dissipate, the state of drop of water, is not subsequently poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness 45cm, then apply into fermentation vat Calcium superphosphate is stirred in such a way that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is on decomposing agent The farm manure of 45cm;
4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;
5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, is then covered ground again Film carries out second and ferments, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can application.
Embodiment 2
A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure, includes the following steps:
1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;
2)By chicken manure, cow dung and the tangerine of crushing bar with 3:2:Water filling dilutes after 2 ratio mixing, controls water content, reaches hand Pinch it is agglomerating, unclamp i.e. dissipate, the state of drop of water, is not subsequently poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness 35cm, then apply into fermentation vat Calcium superphosphate is stirred in such a way that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is on decomposing agent The farm manure of 35cm;
4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;
5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, is then covered ground again Film carries out second and ferments, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can application.
Embodiment 3
A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure, includes the following steps:
1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;
2)By duck excrement, pig manure, cow dung and the straw of crushing with 2:2:2:Water filling dilutes after 1 ratio mixing, controls water content, Reach hand and pinch agglomerating, unclamp and dissipate, the not state of drop of water is subsequently poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness 35cm, then to fermentation vat Middle application calcium superphosphate is stirred in such a way that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is on decomposing agent The farm manure of 35cm;
4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;
5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, is then covered ground again Film carries out second and ferments, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can application.
Embodiment 4
A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure, includes the following steps:
1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;
2)By duck excrement, chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung and the straw of crushing with 1:3:2:2:Water filling dilutes after 3 ratio mixing, control Water content reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamps and dissipate, the not state of drop of water, is subsequently poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness 35cm, then Apply calcium superphosphate into fermentation vat, is stirred in such a way that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is on decomposing agent The farm manure of 35cm;
4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;
5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, is then covered ground again Film carries out second and ferments, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can application.
Embodiment 5
A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure, includes the following steps:
1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;
2)By chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung and the weeds of crushing with 2:3:3:Water filling dilutes after 2 ratio mixing, and control water contains Amount reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamps and dissipate, the not state of drop of water, is subsequently poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness 45cm, then to hair Ferment applies calcium superphosphate in pond, is stirred in such a way that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is on decomposing agent The farm manure of 45cm;
4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;
5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, is then covered ground again Film carries out second and ferments, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can application.
The present invention can be summarized with others without prejudice to the concrete form of the spirit or essential characteristics of the present invention.Therefore, nothing By from the point of view of which point, the embodiment above of the invention can only all be considered the description of the invention and cannot limit invention, Claims indicate the scope of the present invention, and above-mentioned explanation does not point out the scope of the present invention, therefore, with the present invention The comparable meaning and scope of claims in any variation, be all considered as being included within the scope of the claims.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
1)Build 3 meters one long, 1 meter wide, deep 1 meter of fermentation vat;
2)Farm manure is poured into fermentation vat, cladding thickness 30-45cm, then applies calcium superphosphate into fermentation vat, with one ton of agriculture The mode of family's fertilizer plus 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate is stirred;
3)After farm manure adds calcium superphosphate to stir evenly, last layer decomposing agent is spread, then heap a layer thickness is on decomposing agent The farm manure of 30-45cm;
4)Fertilizer fermentation is carried out in Surface mulch mulch;
5)First time fermentation time is generally 4 days, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn from top to down once, is then covered ground again Film carries out second and ferments, and second of fermentation time is 4 days, and fermentation finishes, and stirs evenly, you can application.
2. a kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the farm manure be chicken, Duck, pig, the excrement of ox and straw, tangerine bar, weeds one or more of mixtures, be added bio-bacterial manure leavening mixing.
3. a kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the farm manure is pouring into Before fermentation vat must first water filling dilution, reach hand and pinch agglomerating, unclamp and dissipate, not the state of drop of water.
4. a kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the straw, tangerine bar, miscellaneous Grass first must be shredded or be crushed before pouring into fermentation vat.
CN201810656594.XA 2018-06-24 2018-06-24 A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure Pending CN108503405A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109265292A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-01-25 韦瑞克 The preparation method of fertiliser granulates

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS61281092A (en) * 1985-06-03 1986-12-11 Haruji Baba Manufacture of organic fertilizer
CN103601559A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-02-26 蓝山县新顺农牧业发展有限公司 Fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture and fermented fertilizer
CN104892051A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-09 青川县青源林农产品开发有限责任公司 Rapid fermentation method of olive fertilizer

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS61281092A (en) * 1985-06-03 1986-12-11 Haruji Baba Manufacture of organic fertilizer
CN103601559A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-02-26 蓝山县新顺农牧业发展有限公司 Fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture and fermented fertilizer
CN104892051A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-09 青川县青源林农产品开发有限责任公司 Rapid fermentation method of olive fertilizer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109265292A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-01-25 韦瑞克 The preparation method of fertiliser granulates

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