CN103601559B - For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer - Google Patents

For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103601559B
CN103601559B CN201310617389.XA CN201310617389A CN103601559B CN 103601559 B CN103601559 B CN 103601559B CN 201310617389 A CN201310617389 A CN 201310617389A CN 103601559 B CN103601559 B CN 103601559B
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fermentation
fertilizer
viticultural
farm manure
calcium superphosphate
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CN103601559A (en
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汤建新
唐永副
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Jiangsu shuangchang Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.
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LANSHAN COUNTY XINSHUN AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMEN Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps: 1) dig a fermentation vat; 2) pour farm manure into fermentation vat, then apply calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, stir in the mode that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate; 3) add after calcium superphosphate stirs until farm manure, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile one deck farm manure; 4) fertilizer fermentation is carried out at Surface mulch mulch film; 5) open mulch film every first quarter moon after, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn once from top to down, then again builds mulch film; The present invention also comprises a kind of for viticultural fermentation fertilizer.The fermentation fertilizer fertilizer efficiency time obtained by the present invention is long, and nutrient composition content is high.

Description

For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer fermentation arts, particularly relate to for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer.
Background technology
The output height of grape is the utilization of fertilizer, fertilising object be have additional nutrients unit usually meet the requirement of crop to nutrition aspect, raising effect seed output and quality, only grasp principal element N, P, K that grape needs, middle amount just can take rational fertilizing method to improve the reasonable utilization rate of fertilizer without plain Ca, Mg, S and trace elements iron, manganese, zinc, boron, copper, molybdenum and chlorine.
Traditional fertilizer fermentation process generally adopts single feces of livestock and poultry to add the appropriate stalk high containing carbon-nitrogen ratio etc. as fermenting raw materials, translate into after temperature rises to 60 ~ 65 DEG C once, translate into continuously and twice or thrice just can ferment, although this fermentation process fermentation time is short, easy and simple to handle, but the fertilizer efficiency time is short, nutrient composition content and the stability of fermentation fertilizer are low.
CN102775207A discloses a kind of chicken manure pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof on November 14th, 2012, the method is mixed by different ratio chicken manure and pig manure, add EM bacterium, straw powder or rice chaff, calcium superphosphate and peat soil to carry out mixture and be fermented into chicken manure pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer, but the fermentation time of the method is short, thus easily causing the fertilizer efficiency time short, the nutrient composition content of fermentation fertilizer is low.
CN1680218B disclosed manufacture method and the fermentation fertilizer of fermentation fertilizer for 03 month on the 30th in 2011, the method be the tender bamboo grown up to bamboo shoot skins and the bamboo shoots of not excavating any one or both are for main raw material, and add at least one microorganism fertilizer mix and blend, stirring is repeatedly stirred repeatedly after stirring, last placement at normal temperatures obtains fermentation fertilizer in 1 ~ 2 month, but the method stir stir number of times more, need stir every 1 ~ 2 day, and add raw material simultaneously, operate more loaded down with trivial details, labour intensity is high, and uses microorganism fertilizer cost higher.
Summary of the invention
First technical problem to be solved by this invention is, overcomes the above-mentioned defect that prior art exists, and provide a kind of for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, the fertilizer efficiency time of gained fermentation fertilizer is long, and nutrient composition content is high.
Second technical problem to be solved by this invention is, overcomes the above-mentioned defect that prior art exists, and provides a kind of for viticultural fermentation fertilizer.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that first technical problem adopt: for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1) any length and width are dug, the fermentation vat that 50 ~ 70cm is dark;
2) pour farm manure into fermentation vat, cladding thickness is 20 ~ 40cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, stirs in the mode that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3) add after calcium superphosphate stirs until farm manure, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 20 ~ 40cm;
4) fertilizer fermentation is carried out at Surface mulch mulch film;
5) open mulch film every first quarter moon after, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn once from top to down, then again builds mulch film, treat that the February of next year to March can use.
Preferably, fermentation vat described in step 1) is that 60cm is dark.
Preferably, pour farm manure into fermentation vat described in step 1), cladding thickness is 30cm.
Preferably, on decomposing agent, the farm manure that a layer thickness is 30cm is piled described in step 3).
Further, described farm manure is one or more mixtures of chicken, duck, pig, the ight soil of ox and/or straw, straw, weeds.
Further, described farm manure be in the ight soil of chicken, duck, pig, ox arbitrarily two or more.
Further, the ight soil of described chicken, duck, pig, ox must dilute before pouring fermentation vat in first water filling, reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp and namely fall apart, not the state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia.
Further, described straw, straw, weeds must first be shredded or pulverize before pouring fermentation vat into.
Further, be at distance 10 ~ 20cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film at Surface mulch mulch film described in step 4).
Preferably, the fermentation time of fertilizer fermentation is 6 ~ 8 months.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that second technical problem adopt: be a kind ofly used for viticultural fermentation fertilizer, uses viticultural fertilizer fermentation process described in any one in the claims 1 to 7 to be prepared from.
Chicken manure is that all conventional feces of livestock and poultry Middle nutrition are worth the highest, chicken manure is containing crude protein about 28%, pure protein 13%, total amino acid 8%, and each seed amino acid compares balance, in addition, in chicken manure, organic matter accounts for 25.5%, nitrogen accounts for 1.63%, phosphoric acid accounts for 1.54%, potassium accounts for 0.82%, be rich in amino acid simultaneously, copper, zinc, iron, manganese, magnesium, selenium and other trace elements and rich vitamin B, therefore fertilizer efficiency is higher, and the lasting period is long; Pig manure contains the multiple nutritional components such as protein, fats, organic acid, Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose and inorganic salt, wherein organic matter accounts for 15%, nitrogen accounts for 0.5 ~ 0.6%, phosphorus accounts for 0.45 ~ 0.5%, potassium accounts for 0.35 ~ 0.45%, general not containing the element such as magnesium, selenium in pig manure, the content of vitamin A is then higher.Because pig manure carbon-nitrogen ratio is less than other animal waste, protein state nitrogen wherein can be decomposed into ammonia-state nitrogen quickly, and therefore in pig manure, the content of quick-acting nitrogen is higher, because of
This belongs to readily avaiable fertilizer; And duck excrement is the highest inferior to nutritive ingredient after chicken manure; The organic matter of cow dung accounts for 14.5%, and nitrogen accounts for 0.3 ~ 0.45%, and phosphorus accounts for 0.15 ~ 0.25%, and potassium accounts for 0.1 ~ 0.16%, and nutritive ingredient is lower.
In addition, the fertilizer that chicken manure or duck excrement are mixed with cow dung is the most excellent in drying property, acquisition easiness etc., and next fertilizer being mixed with pig manure is good, this is the difference according to using cattle food, the particularly washiness of pig manure, the fibrination of cow dung, it is not preferred for being used alone.
The present invention compared with prior art has following features: the fermentation fertilizer fertilizer efficiency time obtained by the present invention is long, and nutrient composition content is high.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1) in June, a fermentation vat that 80cm is long, 40cm is wide, 60cm is dark is dug;
2) after being mixed with the ratio of 1:1 with cow dung by chicken manure, water filling is diluted, control water-content reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp and namely fall apart, the not state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia, then fermentation vat is poured into, cladding thickness is 20cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, stirs in the mode that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3) add after calcium superphosphate stirs until farm manure, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 20cm, the raw material of farm manure is that in step 1), chicken manure mixes the fertilizer formed after water filling with cow dung;
4) carry out fertilizer fermentation at distance 10cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film, be beneficial to passing into of oxygen, the temperature of fermentation vat is 55 DEG C;
5) open mulch film every first quarter moon after, the fertilizer in fermentation is adopted and overturns from top to down once manually, then again build mulch film, treat that February can use.
After adopting aforesaid method, the nutrient composition content of fermentation fertilizer used is: nitrogen 1.85%, phosphorus 1.76%, potassium 1.68%, calcium 1.76%, magnesium 0.64%, organic 63.4%.
Embodiment 2
For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1) in July, a fermentation vat that 80cm is long, 40cm is wide, 60cm is dark is dug;
2) by the stalk of chicken manure, pig manure and pulverizing with water filling dilution after the mixing of the ratio of 3:3:1, control water-content control water-content reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp and namely fall apart, the not state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia, then fermentation vat is poured into, cladding thickness is 30cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, stirs in the mode that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3) fertilizer adding after calcium superphosphate stirs until farm manure, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 30cm on decomposing agent, the raw material of farm manure is chicken manure in step 1), formed after the stalk mixing water filling of pig manure and pulverizing;
4) carry out fertilizer fermentation at distance 15cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film, be beneficial to passing into of oxygen, the temperature of fermentation vat is 60 DEG C;
5) open mulch film every first quarter moon after, the fertilizer in fermentation is adopted and overturns from top to down once manually, treat that February can use.
After adopting aforesaid method, the nutrient composition content of fermentation fertilizer used is: nitrogen 1.94%, phosphorus 1.83%, potassium 1.75%, calcium 1.80%, magnesium 0.75%, organic 64.2%.
Embodiment 3
For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, comprise the steps:
1) in August, a fermentation vat that 80cm is long, 40cm is wide, 60cm is dark is dug;
2) by the straw of duck excrement, pig manure, cow dung and pulverizing with water filling dilution after the mixing of the ratio of 2:2:2:1, control water-content reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp and namely fall apart, the not state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia, then fermentation vat is poured into, cladding thickness is 40cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, stirs in the mode that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3) add after calcium superphosphate stirs until farm manure, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 40cm again, the raw material of farm manure be pig manure in step 1), duck excrement, cow dung and pulverizing straw mixing water filling after the fertilizer that formed;
4) carry out fertilizer fermentation at distance 20cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film, be beneficial to passing into of oxygen, the temperature of fermentation vat is 70 DEG C;
5) open mulch film every first quarter moon after, the fertilizer in fermentation is adopted and overturns from top to down once manually, then again build mulch film, treat that March can use.
After adopting aforesaid method, the fertilizer efficiency time of fermentation fertilizer used is that nutrient composition content is: nitrogen 2.01%, phosphorus 1.95%, potassium 1.81%, calcium 1.87%, magnesium 0.80%, organic 66.4%.
Embodiment 4
By the method the same with embodiment 1, but adopt upset agitator automatic stirring from top to down in step 5), upset is once, the same with the situation of embodiment 1, can obtain good fermentation fertilizer.
Embodiment 5
After the fruit harvesting of grape, dig 1 dark 40 ~ 60cm, the ditch of wide 20 ~ 40cm in fibrous root outside, every mu applies embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or the fermentation fertilizer 3000kg obtained by embodiment 3.
Embodiment 6
Get the embodiment 1 of 100 kilograms or embodiment 2 or the fermentation fertilizer obtained by embodiment 3 to mix with the tackiness agent of 25 kilograms, can bio-organic fertilizer be obtained through granulation, drying.

Claims (8)

1., for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
1) any length and width are dug, the fermentation vat that 50 ~ 70cm is dark;
2) pour farm manure into fermentation vat, cladding thickness is 20 ~ 40cm, then applies calcium superphosphate in fermentation vat, stirs in the mode that one ton of farm manure adds 100 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;
3) add after calcium superphosphate stirs until farm manure, sprinkle one deck decomposing agent, then on decomposing agent, pile the farm manure that a layer thickness is 20 ~ 40cm;
4) fertilizer fermentation is carried out at Surface mulch mulch film;
5) open mulch film every first quarter moon after, the fertilizer in fermentation is overturn once from top to down, then again builds mulch film, treat that the February of next year to March can use.
2. as claimed in claim 1 for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, described farm manure is one or more mixtures of chicken, duck, pig, the ight soil of ox and/or straw, straw, weeds.
3. as claimed in claim 2 for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, described farm manure be in the ight soil of chicken, duck, pig, ox arbitrarily two or more.
4. as claimed in claim 3 for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, the ight soil of described chicken, duck, pig, ox must dilute before pouring fermentation vat in first water filling, reaches hand and pinches agglomerating, unclamp and namely fall apart, not the state of Rhizome of Cordate Pinellia.
5. as claimed in claim 4 for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, described straw, straw, weeds must first shred or pulverize before pouring fermentation vat into.
6. as claimed in claim 5 for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, be at distance 10 ~ 20cm place, fertilizer top layer covering with plastic film at Surface mulch mulch film described in step 4).
7. as claimed in claim 6 for viticultural fertilizer fermentation process, it is characterized in that, the fermentation time of fertilizer fermentation is 5 ~ 9 months.
8. for a viticultural fermentation fertilizer, it is characterized in that, use viticultural fertilizer fermentation process described in any one in the claims 1 to 7 to be prepared from.
CN201310617389.XA 2013-11-29 2013-11-29 For viticultural fertilizer fermentation process and fermentation fertilizer Active CN103601559B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103936469A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-23 周萍萍 Grape organic fertilizer
CN107162683A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-15 宋桂林 A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure
CN108503405A (en) * 2018-06-24 2018-09-07 临汾市广奇农业发展有限公司 A kind of fast fermentation method of farm manure

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4037550B2 (en) * 1998-12-22 2008-01-23 有限会社シワ保全 Method for producing fertilizer or soil amendment using livestock excreta
CN102775207A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-14 长春华御实业集团有限公司 Chicken manure/pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102807399A (en) * 2011-06-02 2012-12-05 卞中富 Method for preparing novel organic fertilizer special for fruits and vegetables
CN102887753A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-23 周子恒 Production method of wine lees organic fertilizer
CN103044099A (en) * 2011-10-13 2013-04-17 万小民 Method for making special novel fertilizer for strawberries

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4037550B2 (en) * 1998-12-22 2008-01-23 有限会社シワ保全 Method for producing fertilizer or soil amendment using livestock excreta
CN102807399A (en) * 2011-06-02 2012-12-05 卞中富 Method for preparing novel organic fertilizer special for fruits and vegetables
CN103044099A (en) * 2011-10-13 2013-04-17 万小民 Method for making special novel fertilizer for strawberries
CN102775207A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-14 长春华御实业集团有限公司 Chicken manure/pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102887753A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-23 周子恒 Production method of wine lees organic fertilizer

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Denomination of invention: Fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture and fermented fertilizer

Effective date of registration: 20171229

Granted publication date: 20160106

Pledgee: Hunan Lanshan rural commercial bank Limited by Share Ltd Chengguan Branch

Pledgor: LANSHAN COUNTY XINSHUN AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMEN CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2017430000126

Denomination of invention: Fertilizer fermentation method for viticulture and fermented fertilizer

Effective date of registration: 20171229

Granted publication date: 20160106

Pledgee: Hunan Lanshan rural commercial bank Limited by Share Ltd Chengguan Branch

Pledgor: LANSHAN COUNTY XINSHUN AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMEN CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2017430000126

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Effective date of registration: 20210106

Address after: 224400 No.1 shuangchang Avenue, Funing Aoyang Industrial Park, Funing County, Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu shuangchang Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 425806 Xiadong village, Nanshi Town, Lanshan County, Yongzhou City, Hunan Province

Patentee before: LANSHAN XINSHUN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right