1, to the artificial incubation of introducing Radix notoginseng kind egg:
By incubator, artificial technology's hatching is carried out to the India's high-quality pure Radix notoginseng kind egg introduced; Adopt control temperature, relative moisture at hatching process, egg-turning, cool egg technical measures, obtain Orion Blue peacock seedling, reach China large batch of raising Orion Blue peacock by the raising to Orion Blue peacock seedling, breeding; During incubator hatching Orion Blue peacock, in incubator, temperature controls at 37.5 DEG C to 37.8 DEG C, and hatching indoor temperature remains on 24 DEG C to 27 DEG C, and the temperature in hatching phase incubator is 37.5 DEG C to 37.6 DEG C; Relative moisture controls 60% to 78%, and hatching house's relative moisture keeps 65% to 70%, and hatching phase relative moisture keeps 70 to 75%, and relative moisture grasps principle: adopt early stage low, the principle that the later stage is high;
Egg-turning: the 1st week, every 45 to 50 minutes egg-turnings 1 time, the 2nd week, every 90 to 100 minutes, egg-turning 1 time, the 3rd week and the 4th week first 3 days, every 170 to 180 minutes egg-turnings 1 time;
Cool egg: after entering to incubate, the 3rd thoughtful 4th week first 3 days, every day cool egg 1 to 2 time, 10 minutes to 20 minutes each cool egg time, cool be 30 DEG C to egg temperature after, proceed hatching; Peacock egg eggshell is thicker, starts several days temperature and humidity can not be on the low side, and the later stage ventilates also should be high with humidity, could normally hatching, and Orion Blue peacock kind egg, through the hatching of 27 to 28 days, emerges successively.
2, the selection of farming site:
Select physical features higher, smooth or the rare gradient, sunny, draining is good, environment is clean, around without other animals and pollution, noiselessness, peace and quiet, have good greening, drinking-water source clean be sufficient, place soil in the past not infected disease or parasitic disease substance polluted, gas permeability and water penetration good, select sandy loam or yellow soil plot, the place had a good transport service is as farming site.
3, Radix notoginseng brood time, the 1st raising of thoughtful 2nd week: adopt group support method, the every group of numbers of animals raised 35 to 45, increase with age in days and reduce stocking density; The method that employing is heated in indoor or is incubated, support with net, culture in enclosure or cage system are raised, and with light overhead 2 meters of illumination heatings of 250w, room temperature are added temperature control at 28 DEG C to 35 DEG C, surface temperature controls at 25 DEG C to 28 DEG C, 3rd thoughtful 4th week room temperature controls at 25 DEG C to 28 DEG C, and surface temperature controls at 22 DEG C to 25 DEG C, and the 5th thoughtful 8th week room temperature controls at 20 DEG C to 22 DEG C, surface temperature controls at 18 DEG C to 20 DEG C, and light application time controls to need according to indoor temperature and determines; Relative moisture is 58% to 72%, and has ventilation unit, often ventilates, and keeps room air fresh.
Little Radix notoginseng hatches latter 1 to 2 day not feeding, and the 3rd day starts feeding, just the potassium permanganate water of drink 0.01%, drink water after 2 to 3 hours, open food with perfect compound feed, later every day feeds 6 to 7 times, adopt yellow mealworm 10%, corn flour 30%, soya-bean cake 20%, rice bran 12%, wheat bran 10%, broken green vegetables or smashing pumpkins 8%, oil powder 2%, fish meal 4.5%, bone meal 3%, salt 0.5%, use with part by weight formula; Suitably can feed a little shell, trace element and multivitamin therebetween; Also can feed a little groundnut meal, walnut powder, carrot meal, egg powder, blue or green worm powder, conch powder, fish meal, salt, leek, clover, browse, the nutrition increasing peacock is conducive to peacock growth simultaneously; As required, a little motherwort powder, plantago powder, coptis powder, glossy ganoderma powder, bark of eucommia powder, tuber of pinellia powder, Cassia tora powder, chrysanthemum powder, kuh-seng powder, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, semen armeniacae amarae, angelica powder, amomum powder, tendril-leaved fritillary bulb powder is fed in case the generation of peacock flu, cough, depilation, skin, prolapse of the anus, gastritis and indigestion disease.
Conscientiously observe the searching for food of little Radix notoginseng, ight soil and the state of mind, pinpoint the problems and solve in time, domestication is strengthened in conjunction with feeding, periodic cleaning disinfection trough, crib, every day cleans ight soil, spreads pad grass or sand to little Radix notoginseng, carry out thermal insulation work, do not make little Radix notoginseng catch a cold, have loose bowels, keep clean environment, drying, peace and quiet, minimizing stress.
When cultivating Radix notoginseng by 1 month, due to how many differences of Radix notoginseng food, produce peacock growth soon, peahen grows slow growth rate speed and differs, and adds peacock and bullies peahen, and male and female peacock be adopted separately to raise; Take free choice feeding and drinking-water; Keep environment quiet, prevent frightened group; Set up signal conditioning reflection so that management; Regular sterilization, expelling parasite and epidemic prevention, kill mouse, anti-beast work; And it is sick young after inspection.
4, the raising method of commodity Radix notoginseng: commodity Radix notoginseng finishing period peacock sports ground stocking density is 20/100 square metres; When commodity Radix notoginseng is bred as, wipes out remex, add chilli powder or fresh capsicum, stimulate appetite in feed, feed, every day feeds 4 times, allows Radix notoginseng eat pellet and green forage more more, few motion, impels how long meat, fast gaining, periodic detection body weight; Carry out the preventing and controlling to pullorum disease, cholera fowl, coccidiosis, enterobiasis, through artificial feeding 6 months, weight was 3.5 to 5 kilograms, sale of just can going on the market.
5, the raising method of Radix notoginseng is planted: it is 1: 5 that kind peacock often gives up male and female proportioning; Breeding house, canopy adopt the inside and outside two-part structure of house, ground cement or brick flooring in house, if husky pond, 5 to 10 centimetres, upper berth sand, keeps dry, and peacock can be allowed to wash " sand-bath ", and bacterium, parasite, sweat are let out and dirt with it to wash peacock off; She Neigao 4 meters to 5 meters, wide 3.5 meters to 4 meters, dark 3 meters to 4 meters, She Nei establishes lagging facility; House peripheral hardware sports ground, long 5 meters, wide 3.5 meters to 4 meters, high 3 meters to 4 meters, around sports ground and top plastics netting or nylon rope net surround, and mesh is 1.5 centimetres to 2 centimetres, roost is established in inside and outside 2 meters to the 2.2 meters eminences of house, peacock in house, roost can be spent the night at night, in case natural enemy infringement, peacock motion can be met daytime and dwell and stop needs; Sports ground should plant plant of shading, feed at regular time and quantity, keep quite, pay attention to sanitation and hygiene; In peacock feed, add leek, increase feed nutrition, increase peacock sexual desire to reach, improve reproduction, fertility, adopt the mode of doing more physical exercises, allow every day kind of a peacock fly half an hour more than, recover its wild nature; Solve close relative spouse problem, the problem that the peacock disease caused is many, population depression, egg production are low, fertility goes down, the production cycle is long, adopt introduce a fine variety, seed selection, hybridization, spouse's blood relationship better way more far away, strive with the male peacock survival of the fittest method that emperor strives mating power; Select bright, colorful, eyes are eagle-eyed, peacock 4 to 8 kilograms, peahen 3 to 5 kilograms is kind of a peacock, improves the quality of offspring's Radix notoginseng population; Little Radix notoginseng kind is good, and resistance is strong, growth is fast, fast gaining.
Radix notoginseng sexual maturity after raising through 10 months, male and female peacock starts to spread its tail, seek with regard to mating, adopt public, peahen proportioning 1: 5, sub-cage rearing, between breeding period, between peacock there is violent fighting in Chang Yinzheng occasionally, within every 3 to 5 days, select peacock 5 only to 6 that physique is strong, carry out peacock spouse and strive emperor's fighting contest, separate winner, the peahen of putting into sub-cage rearing carries out mating, peahen starts to lay eggs after 15 days through mating, sand pit to have been dug at indoor corner, peacock is allowed to lay eggs, have that special messenger is on duty picks egg, to avoid egg-eating or bring out embracing property, fertility rate of hatching egg require reach >=95%, through the peacock of artificial feeding, can shift to an earlier date and extend the laying period of peahen, lay eggs every year 50 to 60, lay eggs 12 months ahead of time than wild peacock, year fecund 30, egg, egg production is many, breeding is fast, high efficiency.
6, prevent Radix notoginseng from pecking anus: Radix notoginseng there will be after laying eggs hemorrhage, hinder anus phenomenon, anus is pecked in peacock happiness, and the anus of peacock that is hemorrhage, that hinder anus can pip by other peacock, pull-out intestines, directly cause and peacock is pecked extremely, prevention method: cut off the upper sharp-tongued of peacock with scissors.
7, the control of Radix notoginseng blackhead disease:
The sick disease symptom of Radix notoginseng blackhead: lassitude when Radix notoginseng is just fallen ill, feather is fluffy and disorderly, food less, have loose bowels, death is started after one week, after peacock death, dissect and find its liver black a piece white a piece, caecum is hard must resemble sausage, the cause of disease: peacock has eaten the animal of the organized worm of tool, as earthworm, grasshopper, Bie worm; Be mainly in intermittent drizzles in the rainy season season autumn in summer; Carry out place drying, sterilization, night soil-treatment, adopt the sterilization of quicklime, potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide.
8, natural enemy method is prevented: prevent cat, dog, hawk natural enemy from entering in Radix notoginseng breeding house, canopy and killing Radix notoginseng.
9, the proportioning of Radix notoginseng breeding house, canopy: brood time Radix notoginseng joins foster 1 configuration with every square metre; Breeding period, peacock density was every 100 square metres of raisings 12 to 18.
10, the feeding and management of manhood Radix notoginseng is strengthened: the Radix notoginseng manhood refers to the Radix notoginseng of laying period or stops the Radix notoginseng in term.Manhood Radix notoginseng house, canopy every hurdle male and female proportioning are 1: 5, and house, canopy area are 35 square metres, give up interior 15 square metres, the outer sports ground 20 square metres of canopy; Ground cement or brick floor file, She Nei establishes warming, ventilation equipment, establishes tank, Sha Chi: husky 5 to 10 centimetres of paving; House is interior, inherent 2 to the 2.2 meters of eminences of canopy establish roost, motion head 5 meters, wide 4 meters, high 4 meters, is that 1.5 to 2 centimetres of nettings or nylon wire surround with mesh, sports ground plants to have and plants plant of shading.Feed at regular time and quantity, keep quite, pay attention to sanitation and hygiene.
(1) management in spring is in mating season, and Radix notoginseng activity is large, and feed intake is large, should adjust feed in time, notes supplementing proteins,vitamins,minerals feed.Hole of laying eggs is established, place mat sand or mollugo at corner.
(2) high, rainy, the high humidity of summer management temperature, feed intake reduces, and egg production declines, and stops production gradually.Should yellow mealworm, corn flour, soya-bean cake, wheat bran, rice bran etc. be fed more, increase green forage, prevent from going mouldy.Timely removing ight soil, carries out house, canopy sterilization, sanitation and hygiene and reducing temperature of heatstroke prevention work.
(3) though management the clear and crisp days of autumn in autumn, mercury dropped, illumination is shortened, and is worth again the peacock normal physiological moult phase, will reduces or stop oil plant feed in feed.Mandatory moult should be taked during moulting, can effectively shorten natural moult number of days, the plumage tail feather that high-quality valency is high can be obtained in addition, by the suitable control to water, feed and illumination, and its living environment condition of flip-flop, to reach the object of neat moult.Also can not limit under the condition of feeding, drink and feed zinc oxide additive, when zinc content reaches to 20000 ~ 50000 mgs/kg, adopt again after should first doing experiment individually.Make Radix notoginseng accelerate moult after 7 ~ 10 days, can try night to pull out primaries, tail-coverts, if pull out easily, pull out plumage, pull out motionless, do not pull out, 50% when shedding feathers or pull out, then should stop to be fed with zinc additive.Also can use the thyroxine of intramuscular injection 2500 ~ 5000 international unit stosterone and 5 ~ 10 milligrams, slowed up by intramuscular injection peahen and do not like activity, also occur " penguin " posture individually.Transference cure after 3 ~ 4 days.
Generally within the 2nd day after injection, stop production, almost all came off to 5 ~ 7 days, and start to grow rapidly new plumage bundle.The method is applied after will doing some live tests equally.Plant animal protein and vitamin, mineral matter, micro-content to be increased in addition in feed, promote feather growth.Carry out preparation of surviving the winter.
(4) winter management cold weather, except carrying out the warming work of resisting cold, increases grain and oilseed amount, makes Radix notoginseng how long fatty, cold of resisting in diet.Ground can spread and pad grass, carry out warming while, note ventilate.Carry out epidemic prevention and prevent and treat parasitosis work season stopping to produce.