CN107466970A - Scorpion solid high yielding culture technology - Google Patents

Scorpion solid high yielding culture technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107466970A
CN107466970A CN201710785114.5A CN201710785114A CN107466970A CN 107466970 A CN107466970 A CN 107466970A CN 201710785114 A CN201710785114 A CN 201710785114A CN 107466970 A CN107466970 A CN 107466970A
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scorpion
female
young
pond
pregnant
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王皓屹
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王皓屹
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

Scorpion solid high yielding culture technology of the present invention belongs to economic animal cultivation field, including scorpion breeding mode, the feeding management of scorpion, the separation raising of scorpion and disease, enemy and the preventing and treating of scorpion;The invention has the advantages that yield is high, survival rate is high, realizes the large-scale cultivation of scorpion, improves scorpion breeding survival rate and output ratio.

Description

Scorpion solid high yielding culture technology
Technical field
The invention belongs to economic animal to cultivate field, especially belongs to a kind of scorpion solid high yielding culture technology.
Background technology
Scorpion is a kind of poikilotherm, i.e., it has often been said that cold-blooded animal, it is necessary to by repeatedly husking can just grow up;Manually Foster scorpion is a complex cultural technique, has " temperature, humidity, feed " Three Difficult Issues to need to solve;Traditional cultivation side Method has the disadvantage that when solving this Three Difficult Issues:
1st, epidemic disaster regulation is bad, it is impossible to allows the suitable roost of scorpion unrestricted choice;Traditional artificial scorpion breeding is too strong Influence of the temperature regulating to scorpion, humidity this key factor is ignored, scorpion nest, temperature are used as by the use of utensils such as pottery basin, crocks Increase, be but unable to reasonable adjusting humidity, can not allow the suitable roost of scorpion unrestricted choice;Scorpion is caused to be susceptible to suffer from drying up Disease, the slack disease of body, spot mildew etc. cause the disease of death, and it is very low to cultivate success rate;
2nd, feed problem does not solve;A kind of feed insect of yellow meal worm is provided to scorpion in traditional cultural method, is caused Scorpion apocleisis, malnutrition, husking is difficult, and young scorpion is slow-growing, more causes pregnant scorpion hatching failure, miscarriage etc. occur.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to avoid the weak point in the presence of above-mentioned prior art, there is provided a kind of Scorpion solid high yielding culture technology, solves the problems, such as temperature, humidity and feed, so as to improve the cultivation success rate of scorpion.
The technical proposal for solving the technical problem of the invention is:A kind of scorpion solid high yielding culture technology, including scorpion Sub- breeding way, the feeding management of scorpion, the separation raising of scorpion and disease, enemy and the preventing and treating of scorpion, specifically have:
First, scorpion breeding mode
Scorpion breeding mode is a lot, it is small-scale there is basin to support, cylinder is supported, cage breeding, there is pond support, be housing support, cellular on a large scale Cultivation etc.;No matter which kind of breeding way, basic principle is the natural living environment of simulation scorpion, and comfortable life is created for scorpion Condition;
The present invention use supported in pond, and indoors or outdoor (shed cover is wanted in outdoor, with rainwater-proof) is with brick pond, and specification is depending on drawing Depending on the quantity of kind of scorpion seedling, generally 560 into age scorpion, need to build 1 cubic metre of space;Universal pool size of building is:It is high 0.5~1 meter, wide 1~1.5 meter, length can suit measures to local conditions to determine;After puzzling pond, pond inwall need not be smeared with mortar, to keep pond face It is coarse, sought connections with inside beneficial to scorpion, creep, inhabit;Pond outer wall can use a small amount of mortar to block brickwork joint, prevent scorpion from gap China and foreign countries Escape;Locate on the inside of the face of pond in nearly top, before the mortar of smearing is dry and hard, lubricious material can be inlayed, anti-scorpion is fled at top opening;It is smooth Material can use glass, plastic foil etc.;Scorpion pond can build up several layers of stereochemical structure, typically with the bait of subaerial 1~2 layer raising scorpion Expect (ground bettle or yellow meal worm etc.);Scorpion pond should have 20~30 centimetres of spacing per interlayer, for operational administrative;Central brick in pond, Flag or tile are built into the artificial hillock inhabited for scorpion, and reserve enough gaps and inhabited for scorpion;Should have about from pool wall around artificial hillock 15 centimetres of spacing, to prevent scorpion from being escaped by artificial hillock;The mode of this method simulating natural environment solves temperature, humidity and feed The problem of, effectively improve scorpion breeding success rate;
2nd, the feeding management of scorpion
1st, stocking density:In order to reduce interfering between scorpion, the stocking density of scorpion must be suitable;According to for many years Cultivation experience, every square metre of suitable stocking density in scorpion pond are:2--3 ages scorpion 10000 or so, 4--5 ages scorpion 6000 or so, 6 age scorpions 4000 or so, into scorpion 2000 or so, pregnant kind of scorpion 500 or so;When the density of artificial feeding scorpion is excessive, easily It is agglomerating to there is scorpion assembly, overstocks phenomena such as injured, intraspecific competition can be intensified when serious, cause scorpion to cut one another's throat;So should Stocking density is reduced as far as possible;This can be realized by two approach:First, expand cultured area, increase scorpion pond quantity;The Two, improve space availability ratio, suitably degree of increasing;
2nd, foodstuff is fed:It is to feed fresh and alive yellow meal worm that family cultivates scorpion its main foodstuff on a small scale;Big scorpion feeds rheum officinale Mealworm, small scorpion feed small yellow meal worm, typically can eat a yellow meal worm by 5~7 scorpions to calculate feeding amount daily;Will during feeding Yellow meal worm is encouraged in small modeling disk, then shallow bid is placed on into the frequent activity of scorpion and sought on the place of food;Also some foodstuffs can be fed more, in order to avoid Scorpion strives the fierce bucket of food and causes to torture;
3rd, supply water:It is placed on the sponge block for suctioning water in small vinyl disc, then shallow bid is placed on to the place of the frequent activity of scorpion On, preferably daily 6 pm clock washes a sponge and shallow bid, in order to avoid water quality degenerates, pollutes the hair for causing scorpion disease It is raw;Scorpion can also draw a part of moisture in addition to moisture is absorbed out of sponge block in soil;It is artificial according to this characteristic Support scorpion carry out Sponge supply water while, should also every 3~5 days in 8 a.m. clock when, it is equably frequent toward scorpion with watering can The drinkable water of cleaning is sprayed around the place of activity, reach soil moistening but not ponding preferably, to meet scorpion to moisture Need;
4th, the feeding management of pregnant scorpion:Female scorpion abdominal obesity is such as found, and has white rice in the transmission visible abdomen of membranous wall Granular embryo, illustrate that this pregnant scorpion soon farrows;Temperature is relatively low to extend the pregnancy period, and may cause to have difficult labour, still birth rate Height, so temperature is highly important to pregnant scorpion;So just before giving birth mother-son scorpion should in time be picked out and is individually placed in delivery room;Do The container in delivery room uses glass preserving jar or plastic bottle;Postnatal young scorpion can not eat food in 7~10 days, by ovum Huang supply nutrition grows in the same old way;Start within 4~6 days to cast off a skin for the first time, be in brown color, referred to as two-year-old scorpion after husking;The son just to have casted off a skin Scorpion significantly increases, and movable around female scorpion, female scorpion multiplies young scorpion and leaves the chance of itself, under with anal spine, oneself back son scorpion is sloughed off Skin is opened;It is for clearance it is clean after, young scorpion climbs to female scorpion back and continues to bear by female scorpion again;After 4~5 days, young scorpion from Open female back of the body and live on one's own life, young scorpion was in female back about ten days or so;Female scorpion is seldom movable in the meantime, also stays in and seeks food;It Main task be exactly to protect young scorpion, find security context;If female scorpion is frightened in the meantime, female scorpion young scorpion will be abandoned or Eat up and escape;
5th, the feeding management of young scorpion:The young scorpion in about ten days postpartum, that is, climbed down from female scorpion back and come what can be lived on one's own life Young scorpion, should separately it be raised with female scorpion in time;Because for female scorpion after gestation, childbirth and back of the body son, physical demands is very big;Especially dividing During childbirth and the back of the body are young, most female scorpions do not eat food, not drunk water;Complete just to enter after its back of the body son brings up young scorpion task when young scorpion climbs down female back of the body Enter a glutonous stage;As not in time or insufficient such as feeding, the female scorpion having is possible to kill and devour young scorpion, so in time separately raising female scorpion Support and the young scorpion of protection does not suffer female scorpion infringement, improve the key of young scorpion survival rate;Female young separation can choose female scorpion out of bottle, so Stepmother scorpion, young scorpion are respectively put into female scorpion, young scorpion rearing pool or basin and individually raised;Young scorpion also enters Sheng after leaving parent The food phase, prey on round the clock, enough small yellow meal worms (the small yellow meal worm in such as 1~2 age) at this moment must be put into, to meet the need of young scorpion Will;But the anorexia in husking, front and rear 2~4 days to cast off a skin every time are not fed;After the mother scorpions from young scorpions in postpartum is separately raised, Male scorpion is put into time, to ensure and female scorpion mating;Male scorpion is picked out into independent raising again after female scorpion mating pregnancy;
6th, the husking of scorpion:Husking is the mark that scorpion grows, and is a steps necessary of ontogenetic process kind; Scorpion, which must slough off old skin, can increase body;Scorpion all one's life casts off a skin 6 times altogether;Due to the difference and scorpion individual of living environment Difference, except first time is in addition to female scorpion back husking time is roughly the same, required time difference of casting off a skin several times later is larger;Husking The scorpion of the last week is in semidormancy state, and activity is reduced, and pachylosis, body segment is obvious, and preabdomen is loose;Some preabdomens Close proximity to ground, when have friction;Small scorpion is by the regulation of various physiological mechanisms, and soft new skin is in old subcutaneous generation;Due to scorpion Substantial amounts of moisture is absorbed before husking, body pressure increases, and in the presence of moulting hormone, old skin splits from head, first deviates from head Chest, appendage are folded to the outside of belly;Husking newly sloughs off the part and constantly distorts, wriggles, as power, from head to afterbody Slough off successively;Whole molting process lasts or so 3 hours;After scorpion husking, it can clearly be seen that scorpion body increases;Just cast off a skin Scorpion body is soft, and glossy, body colour is yellowish, and muscle is tender and lovely;After a few days, body colour aggravates, and mobility is recovered rapidly, and body weight is fast Speed increase;Scorpion husking needs certain husking condition:1st, there are nutrition and the muscle power of abundance;2nd, the ecological environment such as temperature and humidity It is suitable;3rd, place is quiet, hidden;Scorpion appetite just after husking is more vigorous, therefore should be by all scorpions before and after husking Son feeds sufficient fed to appetite;
7th, the mating of scorpion:Under the conditions of hibernation, the scorpion of normal development tends to be ripe for 8 months or so, in suitable situation Under can be carried out mating;1 male scorpion short time interior energy and two female scorpions are mated, and the male scorpion of particularly robust can only at most connect Continuous and 3 female scorpions are mated;Male scorpion post-coitum, to be only possible to be mated with female scorpion again after 3 months;The mating of female scorpion by After essence, sperm may be stored for a long time in seminal vesicle, thus scorpion mating can once be bred throughout one's life, but breeding potential declines year by year;Scorpion The management of gametic copulation phase, it is crucial to be to create suitable external condition, enable male scorpion and female scorpion suitable in good external environment condition Profit completes mating;These conditions are:1st, temperature is between 28 DEG C~39 DEG C;In the range of this, the higher Mating success of temperature It is higher;2nd, strong illumination is avoided;Qiang Guanghui makes scorpion mating process extend or interrupt, and light is faint to induce its mating;3、 Scorpion fear of wind, calm and gentle breeze weather are advantageous to the mating of scorpion, and 4, ground even, solid, there is certain frictional force, have Beneficial to fixed essence folder, it can guarantee that scorpion mating smoothly completes;5th, scorpion is timid, is afraid of agitation, should be its hidden, quiet friendship of creation With environment;
8th, the farrowing of scorpion:Scorpion is ovoviviparity;Under the conditions of without hibernation, embryonated egg is 40 days or so in female scorpion body Complete embryonic development;Pregnant scorpion produces throe just before giving birth a few days ago because gonopore shrinks, thus shows uneasiness, eats or stop less Food, does not like activity, simply night slow outgoing searching farrowing place;When just before giving birth, female the 1st, 2 pair of step of scorpion is embraced, under nodular device Hang down, the 3rd, 4 pair of step supports ground, and preabdomen turns forward, pedipalps extension and sagging, and postabdomen is bent upwards, and back of the body line is more Substantially;
(1) the pregnant scorpion of isolation just before giving birth;Term, pregnant scorpion was forbidden to raise together, and reason is:First, the young scorpion just given birth to is by other scorpions The interference of son, is just difficult to climb up young scorpion back, does not climb the young scorpion of female scorpion back of the body and can not survive;Second, the female scorpion just to have farrowed by The interference of other scorpions, it can have the fidgets, creep back and forth, fall the young scorpion of back, so as to reduce the survival rate of young scorpion;3rd, The young scorpion of survival has by other scorpion stings, the danger eaten up;So should be pregnant scorpion sets rational delivery room;
(2) delivery room;There are sun-dried mud brick delivery room, cement plate delivery room, plank nest lattice delivery room and can delivery room in common delivery room;Sun-dried mud brick Delivery room and cement plate delivery room account for that area is small, there is certain wettability power, it is ensured that requirement of the scorpion to environment temperature and humidity, but Because each delivery room communicates, " string room " phenomenon is easily produced, it is more difficult to which control interferes;And plank nest lattice delivery room and can delivery room The problem of then pregnant scorpion being overcome to interfere;Pregnant scorpion has quiet environment in both delivery rooms, can smoothly farrow;Thus The survival rate of pregnant scorpion, but the comparison trouble in plank nest lattice delivery room can be greatly improved, therefore, is produced preferably with can Room;Ready free of contamination fine earth is put into about 1 centimetre of deep compacting in bottle, 4~6 feed worms is put into and supplies time a little farrowing therebetween It is edible;
(3) farrowing of scorpion;When pregnant scorpion has just before giving birth sign, just put it into delivery room and wait to produce, in each delivery room side Entering a pregnant scorpion is advisable;Support ground, the high protuberance of preabdomen are distorted in step when scorpion farrows, and gonopore opens, output one The ellipse shape little Bai groups of individual rice-shaped, here it is young scorpion;Pregnant scorpion often produces 4--5, and only sub- scorpion need to take a momentary rest;An average tire produces 25 left sides The right side, 10 at least, at most 30~40, also there is a tire to produce more than 60 individually;First cub scorpion whole body is delicate, and body colour is milky white, Body colour aggravates after a few days;Casted off a skin for the first time in female scorpion back within 5 days or so, be then changed into filbert, female scorpion can be left after 10 days The back of the body is lived on one's own life;
3rd, the separation raising of scorpion
1st, mothers and sons scorpion separates;When 2 age scorpions leave female scorpion behind, size separation should be carried out in time;Because:First, it is female Scorpion runs out of space in term, body fluid scatter and disappear it is more, it is in poor health, suddenly wait supplement of looking for food, if not separating, female scorpion lacks in water shortage Young scorpion can be attacked in the case of food;Second, size mixed breeding, into meeting tread children scorpion during scorpion activity;3rd, what young scorpion brought out of parent Yolk is depleted, and separation raising is advantageous to young scorpion feed and supplemented the nutrients;4th, young scorpion and requirement into scorpion to feed worm are not Together, separately raising is easy to manage;
2nd, the raising of young scorpion;2--4 age scorpions are referred to as young scorpion, and the raising of this phase requires as follows:First, pregnant scorpion enters term just To be that young scorpion prepares enough agreeable to the taste small feed worm;Second, young scorpion is in the most fast stage of growing in life, to carry out raising Collocation, mainly fed with small yellow meal worm and small Soil unit rotation, never feed is single;3rd, it is strong that young scorpion seeks connections with ability, and action is quick Victory, pay attention to preventing young scorpion from escaping;4th, with the growth of young scorpion, the bodily form is gradually grown up, and scorpion pond density unconsciously uprises , it should be noted that a point pond is raised, to reduce scorpion pond density;
3rd, the raising of young scorpion;5~6 age scorpions are young scorpion;This time is except sufficient fresh, the clean, high nutrition of supply Food outside, that to be let slip no opportunity carries out kind of scorpion seed selection and purification and rejuvenation work, and good base is laid to do breeding of future generation well Plinth;
4th, the raising of adult scorpion;The scorpion that grows up is ripe, has mating fertility;This period should be noted that following several Point:First, increase feeds the number of feed worm, adheres to the principle of " throw few feed " more;Scorpion feeds particularly in night 8--11 Peak period, it should throw per hour as once;Second, environment temperature, humidity are rationally controlled, is created a pleasant ecological environment;3rd, add By force to the management of kind of scorpion;Excellent adult scorpion can be used as kind of scorpion and use;
5th, the management of scorpion is planted;The management of kind of scorpion is significant, it should be noted that it is following some:First, good species scorpion is prepared enough on time, The ratio of male scorpion and female scorpion is 1: 3, and special pond is raised meticulously;Second, create suitable change and match somebody with somebody condition, make every female scorpion can be by It is pregnant;3rd, suitable delivery room is just before giving birth before got out in pregnant scorpion, and carry out the just before giving birth preceding preparation of pregnant scorpion;
4th, the disease of scorpion, enemy and preventing and treating
The vitality of scorpion is very vigorous, and viability is also very strong, typically will not be sick, still, because the shadow of factors Ring, the situation that disease occurs for scorpion also can hardly be avoided;
1st, black tripe disease, blackness disease are also known as body maize ear rot:Symptom;Ill early stage, scorpion preabdomen are in black, abdominal distension, and activity subtracts Less, lose the appetite;Then, there is black putrefactive phenomenon in sick scorpion preabdomen, with hand gently by have black filth mucus flow out;Scorpion Will soon be dead after sub- disease hair;Dead scorpion body relaxation, tissue liquefaction;
Prevention;The sick prevention should accomplish at following 3 points:First, keep feed worm fresh and alive, it is clean with water;Second, it is clear in time Except in scorpion pond feed worm remains to eliminate pollution sources;3rd, it is found that disease scorpion turns over pile immediately, clear pond, sort out disease scorpion, and scorpion pond is disappeared Poison;The scorpion to die of illness will be cremated corpses, prevent and treat courses of infection scorpion group;
2nd, spot mildew:Symptom;There is yellowish-brown or bronzing small point-like mildew in the cephalothorax and preabdomen of sick scorpion, and gradually Spread to surrounding;Ill disease at initial stage scorpion performance is on the rack, and later stage activity is few, dull, does not eat, dead after a few days;In corpse Assemble the fungus block formed full of green mustiness filament;
Prevention;First, regulating environmental humidity, regular air dry centipede space, in the case where centipede space humidity is less big, also it can use 0.1% lysol spray disinfectant;Second, dead feed worm will clear up in time, and preventing and treating feed worm goes mouldy;To the scorpion that dies of illness Burn the corpse processing
3rd, abdominal distension:Symptom;Tripe is big, and belly protuberance, activity is blunt, does not feed, morbidity first quarter moon or so death;
Preventing and treating;Late fall in early spring pays attention to the warming of scorpion nest, ensures that scorpion digestion power is normal;It was found that scorpion suffers from this disease, Can be stopped eating heating in a short time, promote scorpion movable, to make scorpion enhancing digestion, absorbability, be accelerated to storage in vivo Supernutrition material digest and assimilate;
In a word, can be seen that the generations of the various diseases of scorpion from the cause of disease of above-mentioned disease is not suitable for by living environment Institute is extremely;Suitable ecological environment inherently avoids the generation of various diseases, so, prevent scorpion disease science and effective approach Exactly improve the ecological environment of scorpion;
4th, the natural enemy of scorpion and prevention:The Natural Enemies of scorpion have gecko, mouse, ant, poultry, flying bird, snake etc.;
Prevention to ant is it is noted that the following aspects:First, build before scorpion raising pool, layer of ground soil compacting, prevent ant Ant plays cave entrance;Second, all foster soil in scorpion pond will check for ant and ant ovum;3rd, before scorpion enters pond, with phosphatization aluminium flake Stifling scorpion pond, can pre- ant proof evil generation;Find that ant colony can use following method to handle in scorpion pond:First, make bait with bone, will Ant, which lures, to be gathered thereon, is scalded with boiling water dead;Second, it is sprinkling upon around scorpion pond, can be imitated with receiving ant proof in the long period with termiticide medicinal powder Fruit, and ant can be poisoned with poison.
The invention has the advantages that yield is high, survival rate is high, realizes the large-scale cultivation of scorpion, improves scorpion and supports Grow survival rate and output ratio.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below according to embodiment
Embodiment:A kind of scorpion solid high yielding culture technology, builds scorpion raising pool first, and building pool size is:It is high 0.5~1 meter, Wide 1~1.5 meter, length can suit measures to local conditions to determine;Pond outer wall can use a small amount of mortar to block brickwork joint, prevent scorpion from gap China and foreign countries Escape;Locate on the inside of the face of pond in nearly top, before the mortar of smearing is dry and hard, lubricious material can be inlayed, anti-scorpion is fled at top opening;It is smooth Material can use glass, plastic foil etc.;Several layers of stereochemical structure is built up in scorpion pond, typically with the bait of subaerial 1~2 layer raising scorpion (ground bettle or yellow meal worm etc.);Scorpion pond should have 20~30 centimetres of spacing per interlayer, for operational administrative;Central brick, stone in pond Piece or tile are built into the artificial hillock inhabited for scorpion, and reserve enough gaps and inhabited for scorpion;Should have about 15 from pool wall around artificial hillock Centimetre spacing, to prevent scorpion from being escaped by artificial hillock;
Followed by the feeding management of scorpion, every square metre of suitable stocking density in scorpion pond are:10000 left sides of 2--3 ages scorpion The right side, 4--5 ages scorpion 6000 or so, 6 age scorpions 4000 or so, into scorpion 2000 or so, pregnant kind of scorpion 500 or so;The present invention supports It is to feed fresh and alive yellow meal worm to grow scorpion its main foodstuff;Big scorpion feeds tenebrio molitor, and small scorpion feeds small yellow meal worm, typically daily may be used A yellow meal worm is eaten by 5~7 scorpions to calculate feeding amount;It is placed on the sponge block for suctioning water in small vinyl disc, then by shallow bid Scorpion is placed on often on the place of activity, preferably daily 6 pm clock washes a sponge and shallow bid, in case water quality becomes It is bad, pollute the generation for causing scorpion disease;Process is managed according to the stage of growth of scorpion:The raising of young scorpion;2--4 age scorpions are referred to as Young scorpion, the raising of this phase require as follows:First, pregnant scorpion will be that young scorpion prepare enough agreeable to the taste small feed worm into term;Second, children Scorpion is in the most fast stage of growing in life, to carry out the collocation of raising, mainly with small yellow meal worm and small Soil unit rotation Feed, never feed is single;3rd, it is strong that young scorpion seeks connections with ability, Quick off the mark, pays attention to preventing young scorpion from escaping;4th, with young scorpion Growth, the bodily form gradually grown up, and scorpion pond density is unconsciously uprised, it should be noted that a point pond is raised, to reduce scorpion pond density;It is blue or green The raising of year scorpion;5~6 age scorpions are young scorpion;This time in addition to sufficient fresh, clean, high nutrition the food of supply, otherwise Mistake opportunity carries out kind of scorpion seed selection and purification and rejuvenation work, is laid a good foundation to do breeding of future generation well;The feeding of adult scorpion Support;The scorpion that grows up is ripe, has mating fertility;This period should be noted that it is following some:First, increase feeds feed worm Number, adhere to the principle of " throw few feed " more;Scorpion feeds peak period particularly in night 8--11, should throw per hour as one It is secondary;Second, environment temperature, humidity are rationally controlled, is created a pleasant ecological environment;3rd, strengthen the management to kind of scorpion;It is excellent into Year scorpion can be used as kind of scorpion and use;The management of kind scorpion;The management of kind of scorpion is significant, it should be noted that it is following some:First, it is on time standby The ratio of sufficient good species scorpion, male scorpion and female scorpion is 1: 3, and special pond is raised meticulously;Second, create suitable change and match somebody with somebody condition, make every Female scorpion can become pregnant;3rd, suitable delivery room is just before giving birth before got out in pregnant scorpion, and carry out the just before giving birth preceding preparation of pregnant scorpion.
It is finally disease, enemy and the preventing and treating of scorpion, the vitality of scorpion is very vigorous, and viability is also very strong, typically not Can be sick, still, because the influence of factors, the situation that disease occurs for scorpion also can hardly be avoided;In a word, the various diseases of scorpion Generation be all by living environment be not suitable for extremely;Suitable ecological environment inherently avoids the generation of various diseases, so, in advance Anti- scorpion disease science and effective approach is exactly to improve the ecological environment of scorpion.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of scorpion solid high yielding culture technology, it is characterized in including scorpion breeding mode, the feeding management of scorpion, point of scorpion From raising and disease, enemy and the preventing and treating of scorpion.
2. scorpion solid high yielding culture technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the scorpion breeding mode uses pond The method of supporting, indoors or outdoor (shed cover is wanted in outdoor, with rainwater-proof) is with brick pond, specification depending on introducing a fine variety the quantity of scorpion seedling and Fixed, generally 560 into age scorpion, need to build 1 cubic metre of space;Universal pool size of building is:It is high 0.5~1 meter, it is wide by 1~1.5 Rice, length can suit measures to local conditions to determine;After puzzling pond, pond inwall need not be smeared with mortar, to keep pond face coarse, including scorpion Seek connections with, creep, inhabit;Pond outer wall can use a small amount of mortar to block brickwork joint, prevent scorpion from being fled from gap;On the inside of the face of pond in nearly top Place, before the mortar of smearing is dry and hard, can inlay lubricious material, anti-scorpion is fled at top opening;Lubricious material can use glass, plastics Film etc.;Scorpion pond can build up several layers of stereochemical structure, typically with bait (ground bettle or the yellow meal worm of subaerial 1~2 layer raising scorpion Deng);Scorpion pond should have 20~30 centimetres of spacing per interlayer, for operational administrative;Central brick, flag or tile are built into for scorpion in pond The artificial hillock inhabited, and reserve enough gaps and inhabited for scorpion;There should be from pool wall about 15 centimetres of spacing around artificial hillock, to prevent Scorpion escapes by artificial hillock;The mode of this method simulating natural environment solves the problems, such as temperature, humidity and feed, effectively improves scorpion Cultivate success rate.
3. scorpion solid high yielding culture technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the feeding management of the scorpion has:1、 Stocking density:In order to reduce interfering between scorpion, the stocking density of scorpion must be suitable;According to cultivation experience for many years, Every square metre of suitable stocking density in scorpion pond is:2--3 ages scorpion 10000 or so, 4--5 ages scorpion 6000 or so, 6 age scorpions 4000 Only or so, into scorpion 2000 or so, pregnant kind of scorpion 500 or so;When the density of artificial feeding scorpion is excessive, easily there is scorpion collection Clump together, overstock phenomena such as injured, intraspecific competition can be intensified when serious, cause scorpion to cut one another's throat;So the diminution that should try one's best is raised Support density;This can be realized by two approach:First, expand cultured area, increase scorpion pond quantity;Second, improve space Utilization rate, suitably degree of increasing;2nd, foodstuff is fed:It is to feed fresh and alive yellow meal worm that family cultivates scorpion its main foodstuff on a small scale;Greatly Scorpion feeds tenebrio molitor, and small scorpion feeds small yellow meal worm, typically can eat a yellow meal worm by 5~7 scorpions to calculate feeding daily Amount;Yellow meal worm is encouraged in small modeling disk during feeding, then shallow bid is placed on the frequent activity of scorpion and sought on the place of food;Also one can be fed more Foodstuff is selected, in case scorpion strives the fierce bucket of food and causes to torture;3rd, supply water:It is placed on the sponge block for suctioning water in small vinyl disc, then will be small Disk is placed on scorpion often on the place of activity, and preferably daily 6 pm clock washes a sponge and shallow bid, in case water quality becomes It is bad, pollute the generation for causing scorpion disease;Scorpion can also draw one in addition to moisture is absorbed out of sponge block in soil Part moisture;, should also be every 3~5 days in 8 a.m. clock according to this characteristic artificial scorpion breeding while Sponge water supply is carried out When, equably often spray the drinkable water of cleaning around the place of activity toward scorpion with watering can, reach soil moistening but do not accumulate Water preferably, to meet needs of the scorpion to moisture;4th, the feeding management of pregnant scorpion:Female scorpion abdominal obesity is such as found, and passes through film There is the embryo of white big rice-shaped in the visible abdomen of wall, illustrate that this pregnant scorpion soon farrows;Temperature is relatively low to extend the pregnancy period, and It may cause to have difficult labour, still birth rate is also high, so temperature is highly important to pregnant scorpion;To so just before giving birth mother-son scorpion should be chosen in time Out individually it is placed in delivery room;The container for doing delivery room uses glass preserving jar or plastic bottle;Postnatal young scorpion is 7~10 It can not eat food in it, be grown in the same old way by yolk supply nutrition;Start within 4~6 days to cast off a skin for the first time, be in brown color after husking, Referred to as two-year-old scorpion;The young scorpion just to have casted off a skin significantly increases, movable around female scorpion, and female scorpion multiplies young scorpion and leaves the chance of itself, uses tail Skin under thorn sloughs off oneself back son scorpion is opened;It is for clearance it is clean after, young scorpion climbs to female scorpion back and continues to carry on the back by female scorpion again It is negative;After 4~5 days, young scorpion leaves female back of the body and lived on one's own life, and young scorpion was in female back about ten days or so;Female scorpion is very in the meantime Few activity, also stays in and seeks food;Its main task is exactly to protect young scorpion, finds security context;If in the meantime female scorpion by Frightened, young scorpion will be abandoned or eaten up and escaped by female scorpion;5th, the feeding management of young scorpion:The young scorpion in about ten days postpartum, that is, from Female scorpion back climbs down the young scorpion for live on one's own life, and should separately be raised with female scorpion in time;Because female scorpion is by gestation, childbirth and the back of the body After son, physical demands is very big;Especially during giving a birth and carrying on the back son, most female scorpions do not eat food, not drunk water;When young scorpion climbs down female carried on the back Carried on the back into it after son brings up young scorpion task and be put into a glutonous stage;As not in time or insufficient such as feeding, the female scorpion having is possible to residual Young scorpion is eaten, so female scorpion is separately raised and protected in time young scorpion do not suffer female scorpion infringement, improves the key of young scorpion survival rate;It is female Son's separation can choose female scorpion out of bottle, and then female scorpion, young scorpion are respectively put into female scorpion, young scorpion rearing pool or basin and individually raised Support;Young scorpion also enters glutonous stage after leaving parent, preys on round the clock, at this moment must put into enough small yellow meal worm (such as 1~2 ages Small yellow meal worm), to meet the needs of young scorpion;But the anorexia in husking, front and rear 2~4 days to cast off a skin every time are not fed;Production After mother scorpions from young scorpions afterwards is separately raised, male scorpion is put into time, to ensure and female scorpion mating;Again will after female scorpion mating pregnancy Male scorpion picks out independent raising;6th, the husking of scorpion:Husking is the mark that scorpion grows, and is the one of ontogenetic process kind Individual steps necessary;Scorpion, which must slough off old skin, can increase body;Scorpion all one's life casts off a skin 6 times altogether;Due to the difference of living environment With scorpion individual difference, except first time female scorpion back husking the time it is roughly the same in addition to, cast off a skin several times later the required time Differ greatly;The scorpion of husking the last week is in semidormancy state, and activity is reduced, and pachylosis, body segment is obvious, preabdomen fertilizer Greatly;Some preabdomen close proximity to grounds, when have friction;Small scorpion is by the regulation of various physiological mechanisms, and soft new skin is old subcutaneous Generation;Because scorpion absorbs substantial amounts of moisture before husking, body pressure increases, and in the presence of moulting hormone, old skin is from head Split, first deviate from cephalothorax, appendage is folded to the outside of belly;Husking newly sloughs off the part and constantly distorts, wriggles, as dynamic Power, slough off successively from head to afterbody;Whole molting process lasts or so 3 hours;After scorpion husking, it can clearly be seen that scorpion Body increases;The scorpion body just casted off a skin is soft, and glossy, body colour is yellowish, and muscle is tender and lovely;After a few days, body colour aggravates, mobility Rapid to recover, body weight increases sharply;Scorpion husking needs certain husking condition:1st, there are nutrition and the muscle power of abundance;2nd, temperature Want suitable with ecological environments such as humidity;3rd, place is quiet, hidden;Scorpion appetite just after husking is more vigorous, therefore casts off a skin It is front and rear to feed all scorpions to sufficient fed to appetite;7th, the mating of scorpion:Under the conditions of hibernation, the scorpion of normal development 8 months or so Tend to be ripe, can be carried out mating in the case of suitable;1 male scorpion short time interior energy and two female scorpions are mated, especially Strong male scorpion continuously can only at most be mated with 3 female scorpions;Male scorpion post-coitum, to be only possible to after 3 months again with it is female Scorpion is mated;Female scorpion mating after fertilization, sperm may store for a long time in seminal vesicle, thus scorpion mating once can be numerous throughout one's life Grow, but breeding potential declines year by year;The management of scorpion mating season, it is crucial to be to create suitable external condition, make male scorpion and female scorpion Mating can be smoothly completed in good external environment condition;These conditions are:1st, temperature is between 28 DEG C~39 DEG C;In this scope Interior, temperature is higher, and Mating success is higher;2nd, strong illumination is avoided;Qiang Guanghui makes scorpion mating process extend or interrupt, light Line is faint to induce its mating;3rd, scorpion fear of wind, calm and gentle breeze weather are advantageous to the mating of scorpion, 4, ground even, heavily fortified point It is real, there is certain frictional force, be advantageous to fixed essence folder, can guarantee that scorpion mating smoothly completes;5th, scorpion is timid, is afraid of agitation, Should be it, creation is hidden, quietly mate environment;8th, the farrowing of scorpion:Scorpion is ovoviviparity;Under the conditions of without hibernation, embryonated egg Embryonic development can be completed within 40 days or so in female scorpion body;Pregnant scorpion produces throe just before giving birth a few days ago because gonopore shrinks, Thus show uneasiness, eat or stop eating less, activity is not liked, simply night slow outgoing searching farrowing place;When just before giving birth, female scorpion the 1st, 2 pairs of steps are embraced, and nodular device is sagging, and the 3rd, 4 pair of step supports ground, and preabdomen turns forward, pedipalps extension and sagging, rear abdomen Portion is bent upwards, and back of the body line is more obvious;(1) the pregnant scorpion of isolation just before giving birth;Term, pregnant scorpion was forbidden to raise together, and reason is:First, just give birth to Young scorpion disturbed by other scorpions, be just difficult to climb up young scorpion back, not climbing the young scorpion of the female scorpion back of the body can not survive;Second, The female scorpion just to have farrowed is disturbed by other scorpions, can have the fidgets, creep back and forth, the young scorpion of back is fallen, so as to reduce son The survival rate of scorpion;3rd, the young scorpion of survival has by other scorpion stings, the danger eaten up;Set reasonably so should be pregnant scorpion Delivery room;(2) delivery room;There are sun-dried mud brick delivery room, cement plate delivery room, plank nest lattice delivery room and can delivery room in common delivery room;Sun-dried mud brick produces Room and cement plate delivery room account for that area is small, there is certain wettability power, it is ensured that requirement of the scorpion to environment temperature and humidity, but by Communicated in each delivery room, easily produce " string room " phenomenon, it is more difficult to which control interferes;And plank nest lattice delivery room and can delivery room are then The problem of pregnant scorpion can be overcome to interfere;Pregnant scorpion has quiet environment in both delivery rooms, can smoothly farrow;Thus may be used To greatly improve the survival rate of pregnant scorpion, but the comparison trouble in plank nest lattice delivery room, therefore, preferably with can delivery room; Ready free of contamination fine earth is put into about 1 centimetre of deep compacting in bottle, 4~6 feed worms is put into and is eaten therebetween for time a little farrowing With;(3) farrowing of scorpion;When pregnant scorpion has just before giving birth sign, just put it into delivery room and wait to produce, one is just entered in each delivery room Pregnant scorpion is advisable;Support ground, the high high protuberance of preabdomen are distorted in step when scorpion farrows, and gonopore opens, the output grain of rice one by one The ellipse shape little Bai groups of shape, here it is young scorpion;Pregnant scorpion often produces 4--5, and only sub- scorpion need to take a momentary rest;An average tire produces 25 or so, less Then 10, at most 30~40, also there is a tire to produce more than 60 individually;First cub scorpion whole body is delicate, and body colour is milky white, after a few days Body colour aggravates;Casted off a skin for the first time in female scorpion back within 5 days or so, be then changed into filbert, it is independent that female scorpion back of the body can be left after 10 days Life.
4. scorpion solid high yielding culture technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the separation raising of the scorpion is:1、 Mothers and sons scorpion separates;When 2 age scorpions leave female scorpion behind, size separation should be carried out in time;Because:First, female scorpion is in term body Power consumption it is very big, body fluid scatter and disappear it is more, it is in poor health, suddenly wait supplement of looking for food, if not separating, female scorpion water shortage lack eat in the case of meeting Attack young scorpion;Second, size mixed breeding, into meeting tread children scorpion during scorpion activity;3rd, the yolk that young scorpion brings out of parent has consumed Totally, separation raising is advantageous to young scorpion feed extra-nutrition;4th, young scorpion and different into requirement of the scorpion to feed worm is separately raised Support and be easy to manage;2nd, the raising of young scorpion;2--4 age scorpions are referred to as young scorpion, and the raising of this phase requires as follows:First, pregnant scorpion enters term Will be that young scorpion prepares enough agreeable to the taste small feed worm;Second, young scorpion is in the most fast stage of growing in life, to carry out feeding Foster collocation, mainly fed with small yellow meal worm and small Soil unit rotation, never feed is single;3rd, it is strong that young scorpion seeks connections with ability, action Agility, pay attention to preventing young scorpion from escaping;4th, with the growth of young scorpion, the bodily form is gradually grown up, and scorpion pond density unconsciously uprises , it should be noted that a point pond is raised, to reduce scorpion pond density;3rd, the raising of young scorpion;5~6 age scorpions are young scorpion;This time is except confession Outside fresh, clean, high nutrition food to abundance, that to be let slip no opportunity carries out kind of scorpion seed selection and purification and rejuvenation work, to do Good breeding of future generation is laid a good foundation;4th, the raising of adult scorpion;The scorpion that grows up is ripe, has mating fertility;This Individual period should be noted that it is following some:First, increase feeds the number of feed worm, adheres to the principle of " throw few feed " more;Particularly exist Scorpion feeds peak period during night 8---11, should throw per hour as once;Second, environment temperature, humidity are rationally controlled, is created good Good ecological environment;3rd, strengthen the management to kind of scorpion;Excellent adult scorpion can be used as kind of scorpion and use;5th, the management of scorpion is planted;Kind The management of scorpion is significant, it should be noted that it is following some:First, prepare enough good species scorpion on time, the ratio of male scorpion and female scorpion is 1: 3, Raise meticulously in special pond;Second, create suitable change and match somebody with somebody condition, every female scorpion is become pregnant;3rd, in the just before giving birth preceding preparation of pregnant scorpion Good suitable delivery room, and carry out the just before giving birth preceding preparation of pregnant scorpion.
5. scorpion solid high yielding culture technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the disease of the scorpion, enemy and anti- Control and be also known as body maize ear rot for 1, black tripe disease, blackness disease:Symptom;Ill early stage, scorpion preabdomen are in black, and abdominal distension, activity is reduced, food It is intended to depressed;Then, there is black putrefactive phenomenon in sick scorpion preabdomen, with hand gently by have black filth mucus flow out;Scorpion disease Will soon be dead after hair;Dead scorpion body relaxation, tissue liquefaction;Prevention;The sick prevention should accomplish at following 3 points:First, keep Feed worm is fresh and alive, clean with water;Second, feed worm remains are removed in scorpion pond in time to eliminate pollution sources;3rd, it is found that disease scorpion stands Pile is turned over, clear pond, sorts out disease scorpion, and scorpion pond is sterilized;The scorpion to die of illness will be cremated corpses, prevent and treat courses of infection scorpion group;2、 Spot mildew:Symptom;There is yellowish-brown or bronzing small point-like mildew in the cephalothorax and preabdomen of sick scorpion, and gradually expand to surrounding Dissipate;Ill disease at initial stage scorpion performance is on the rack, and later stage activity is few, dull, does not eat, dead after a few days;Full of green in corpse Mustiness filament assembles the fungus block formed;Prevention;First, regulating environmental humidity, regular air dry centipede space is less big in centipede space humidity In the case of, also can with 0.1% lysol spray disinfectant;Second, dead feed worm will clear up in time, and preventing and treating feed worm occurs Go mouldy;Will burn the corpse processing to the scorpion that dies of illness:3rd, abdominal distension:Symptom;Tripe is big, and belly protuberance, activity is blunt, does not feed, and morbidity first quarter moon is left Right death;Preventing and treating;Late fall in early spring pays attention to the warming of scorpion nest, ensures that scorpion digestion power is normal;It was found that scorpion suffers from this disease, can Stop eating in a short time heating, promote scorpion movable, to make scorpion enhancing digestion, absorbability, accelerate to storing in vivo Supernutrition material is digested and assimilated;In a word, from the cause of disease of above-mentioned disease can be seen that the various diseases of scorpion generation be all by Living environment be not suitable for extremely:Suitable ecological environment inherently avoids the generation of various diseases, so, prevention scorpion disease section Learn and effective approach is exactly to improve the ecological environment of scorpion;4th, the natural enemy of scorpion and prevention:The Natural Enemies of scorpion have gecko, Mouse, ant, poultry, flying bird, snake etc.;Prevention to ant is it is noted that the following aspects:The, build before scorpion raising pool, ground Soil layer is tamped, and prevents ant from playing cave entrance;Second, all foster soil in scorpion pond will check for ant and ant ovum;3rd, scorpion enters Chi Qian, scorpion pond is fumigated with phosphatization aluminium flake, can pre- ant proof evil generation;Find that ant colony can use following method to handle in scorpion pond:First, Make bait with bone, ant is lured and gathered thereon, is scalded with boiling water dead;Second, it is sprinkling upon with termiticide medicinal powder around scorpion pond, when can be longer It is interior to receive ant proof effect, and ant can be poisoned with poison.
CN201710785114.5A 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 Scorpion solid high yielding culture technology Pending CN107466970A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464279A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-31 杨端河 A kind of cultural method of wild just before giving birth mountain scorpion
CN108541667A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-18 魏秀立 A kind of high yield scorpion outdoor breeding method
CN108575916A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of outdoor breeding method of East Asia scorpio
CN108812550A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-16 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of propagation method of East Asia scorpio
CN108849752A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-23 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of feeding method of East Asia scorpio
CN108849751A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-23 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of indoor culture method of East Asia scorpio
CN109526889A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-29 南京图艾生物医药科技有限公司 A kind of scorpion breeding method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464279A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-31 杨端河 A kind of cultural method of wild just before giving birth mountain scorpion
CN108541667A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-18 魏秀立 A kind of high yield scorpion outdoor breeding method
CN108575916A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of outdoor breeding method of East Asia scorpio
CN108812550A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-16 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of propagation method of East Asia scorpio
CN108849752A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-23 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of feeding method of East Asia scorpio
CN108849751A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-23 陆川县海兰养殖专业合作社 A kind of indoor culture method of East Asia scorpio
CN108575916B (en) * 2018-04-26 2021-02-19 朱双海 Outdoor breeding method of east Asia scorpions
CN109526889A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-29 南京图艾生物医药科技有限公司 A kind of scorpion breeding method

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