CN103340099A - Method for planting oyster mushrooms by using corncob with straw - Google Patents

Method for planting oyster mushrooms by using corncob with straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103340099A
CN103340099A CN2013103140057A CN201310314005A CN103340099A CN 103340099 A CN103340099 A CN 103340099A CN 2013103140057 A CN2013103140057 A CN 2013103140057A CN 201310314005 A CN201310314005 A CN 201310314005A CN 103340099 A CN103340099 A CN 103340099A
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straw
mushroom
corncob
cultivation
cultivation material
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CN103340099B (en
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熊德闰
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Sichuan Yanshan Traditional Chinese Medicine Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting oyster mushrooms by using corncob with straw. Cultivation materials are used for cultivating the oyster mushrooms. The method specifically comprises the steps of selecting the cultivation materials, preparing the cultivation materials, carrying out stacking fermentation on the cultivation materials, carrying out bagging and inoculation, carrying out spawn running and carrying out fruiting management. The cultivation materials comprise the corncob and the straw. The corncob without mildew and the straw without mildew are selected and are evenly stirred and mixed, urea, monopotassium phosphate, unslaked lime and carbendazim are dissolved in water to obtain nutrient solutions, the nutrient solutions are evenly sprayed on corn kernels and straw grains, the water content of the cultivation materials is adjusted to 60% with water, the carbon nitrogen ratio of the cultivation materials is adjusted to be 30:1 with the urea, and the oyster mushrooms are then cultivated. The straw and the corncob are adopted to be simultaneously used as the cultivation materials, the yield of the oyster mushrooms cultivated by adopting the corncob is high, the cost of the straw is low, the corncob and the straw are both plant products, and only a small amount of nutrient content needs to be added. The problems that a traditional cut-log cultivation mode needs to consume a large amount of oak, and spawn running time is longer than that of replacing the materials can be solved, meanwhile, the effective utilization of the straw can be achieved, and sustainable development is achieved.

Description

Utilize corncob to add the method for straw plantation flat mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of mushroom cultivation, relate in particular to a kind of method of utilizing corncob to add straw plantation flat mushroom.
Background technology
Flat mushroom is under the jurisdiction of Eumycota Basidiomycetes Agaricales Pleurotaceae Pleurotus in biosystematics, local name: north wind bacterium, oyster bacterium etc.It is a kind of edible mushroom of extensive cultivation.Flat mushroom contains rich nutrient substances, and every hectogram dry product contains protein 20~23 grams, and the aminoacid ingredient A wide selection of colours and designs, and content of mineral substances is very abundant.The traditional Chinese medical science thinks that flat mushroom is warm in nature, flavor is sweet.The effect of have wind-evil dispelling and cold-evil expelling, stimulating the circulation of the blood and cause the muscles and joints to relax.Be used for controlling lumbocrural pain, numb in every limb, illness such as grain is obstructed.Proteoglycan body in the flat mushroom has very strong inhibitory action to cancer cell, can strengthen body's immunity.The main material that utilizes when having mushroom cultivation now is wood chip, adopts cultivation on sawdust need consume a large amount of oaks, though do not need to add nutrient solution, sends out the bacterium time ratio for material slowly; The substituting stuff cultivation technology can be saved a large amount of oaks, and it is fast to send out the segment wood cultivated mode of bacterium time ratio, but need add a large amount of nutrient components, and cost is higher.The cost that the nutrient component that provides when therefore, how to overcome mushroom cultivation and generation expect becomes the technical problem that those skilled in the art press for solution.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of method of utilizing corncob to add straw plantation flat mushroom, can conveniently produce flat mushroom, select corncob and straw to be the cultivation material, production cost is low.
For solving above technical problem, technical scheme of the present invention is, a kind of method of utilizing corncob to add straw plantation flat mushroom is provided, utilize the cultivation material to cultivate flat mushroom, concrete steps comprise: the selection of cultivation material, the preparation of cultivation material, cultivation stockpile amass fermentation, pack inoculation, send out bacterium, management of producing mushroom, and described cultivation material package is drawn together corncob, straw.
As preferably, the corncob that described cultivation material is selected is not for there being the corncob that goes mouldy, and it is standby to be ground into iblet through cracker, and the particle diameter that described cracker is pulverized the back iblet is below the 1cm.
As preferably, the straw that described cultivation material is selected is not for there being the straw that goes mouldy, and it is standby that the straw that the cultivation material is selected is ground into the straw grain through cracker, and the particle diameter that described cracker is pulverized back straw grain is below the 1cm.
As preferably, the concrete operations of described cultivation material preparation steps are: will cultivate iblet and the straw grain of expecting after the selection step and mix, again urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, quicklime, the water-soluble nutrient solution that gets of carbendazim, nutrient solution evenly is sprinkled upon on iblet and the straw grain, water is regulated the water content to 60% of cultivation material, and urea is regulated the C/N ratio of cultivation material to 30:1.
As preferably, described cultivation material preparation steps adds the amount of iblet, straw grain, urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, quicklime, carbendazim, counts according to percentage by weight:
Figure BDA00003561068400021
As preferably, the concrete operations of the long-pending fermentation of cultivation stockpile are: the cultivation material after will preparing carries out heap fermentation, turning is 4 times in the fermentation process, when turning for the first time is the 14h that piles up afterwards, turning for the second time be after the turning for the first time during 24h, when turning for the third time be 36h after the turning second time, when the 4th turning is 40h after the end for the third time, the 50h that ferments again after the 4th turning gets final product, and the temperature that keeps in the fermentation process piling up the cultivation material is 62-65 ℃.Because to consume nutrition big in fermentation when temperature was too high, temperature is crossed low cultivation material and is difficult to become thoroughly decomposed, when flat mushroom is cultivated the material feeding of flat mushroom bacterium bad, grow assorted bacterium easily.
As preferably, the concrete operations of described pack inoculation step are: the cultivation material after will fermenting is with the polyethylene plastic bag packing of 20 * 25cm specification, with the sterilization of cultivated species mycelia, and will cultivate material and be inoculated in the two ends that branch packs, and gets postvaccinal bacterium bag.
As preferably, the concrete operations of described bacterium step are: postvaccinal bacterium bag is placed send out the bacterium cultivation in the culturing room of sterilizing, send out time that bacterium cultivates and be 10 days and cover with whole bacterium bag to mycelia, described culturing room relative air humidity is 71%-73%, temperature control is at 26-28 ℃, because mycelial growth needs oxygen, keep the oxygen content of culturing room more than amount of carbon dioxide.
As preferably, the concrete operations of described management of producing mushroom step are: the bacterium bag of sending out behind the bacterium is transferred to mushroom producing room, and the temperature control of mushroom producing room is below 15 ℃, and the diurnal temperature difference is greater than 9 ℃, and the temperature control of cultivation material is below 18 ℃; The air humidity control of mushroom producing room is at 90%-93%; Maintain the circulation of air, cultivate and to form original hase and be divided into the mushroom flower bud in 4 days, preserve moisture when the mushroom flower bud transform to grow for beginning water spray after the fruit body, when fruit body is long the 1st batch of mushroom of gathering when constant to the cap size, all go the surperficial dried old root of clean bacterium bag and withered mushroom and mushroom flower bud after having adopted, add nutrient solution again, the air humidity control in mushroom room makes that 75%-78% mycelia continues to cultivate the 2nd batch of mushroom of gathering 8 days, adopt and the 2nd batch of management method that mushroom is identical, the 2nd, 3,4,5 batch of mushroom of the flat mushroom of gathering.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following advantage:
The present invention adopts straw and the common conduct cultivation of corncob material, utilizes the output height of corncob cultivation flat mushroom, and the straw cost is low, and the two is all the plant series products, only needs the nutrient component of adding minute quantity.Can solve traditional segment wood cultivated mode and need consume a large amount of oaks, send out the bacterium time ratio for expecting problem slowly, also can realize effective utilization of straw simultaneously, realize sustainable development.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 produces the schematic flow sheet that utilizes corncob to add the method for straw plantation flat mushroom.
Embodiment
In order to make those skilled in the art understand technical scheme of the present invention better, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.Following examples only are used for technical scheme of the present invention more clearly is described, and can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of method of utilizing corncob to add straw plantation flat mushroom comprises the steps:
S101 cultivates material and selects: selecting does not have corncob and the straw that goes mouldy, and the process cracker is ground into iblet and the straw grain is standby, and the particle diameter that described cracker is pulverized the back product is below the 1cm.
S102 cultivation material preparation: will cultivate iblet and the straw grain of expecting after the selection step and mix, again urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, quicklime, the water-soluble nutrient solution that gets of carbendazim, nutrient solution evenly is sprinkled upon on iblet and the straw grain, water is regulated the water content to 60% of cultivation material, and urea is regulated the C/N ratio of cultivation material to 30:1.Described cultivation material preparation steps adds the amount of iblet, straw grain, urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, quicklime, carbendazim, counts according to percentage by weight: iblet 80%, straw grain 13%, quicklime 6%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.05%, urea 0.9%, carbendazim 0.05%.
The long-pending fermentation of S103 cultivation stockpile: the cultivation material after will preparing carries out heap fermentation, turning is 4 times in the fermentation process, when turning for the first time is the 14h that piles up afterwards, turning for the second time be after the turning first time during 24h, when turning for the third time is 36h after the turning for the second time, when the 4th turning was 40h after finishing for the third time, the 50h that ferments again after the 4th turning get final product, kept piling up the temperature that cultivation expects in the fermentation process and was 62-65 ℃.Because to consume nutrition big in fermentation when temperature was too high, temperature is crossed low cultivation material and is difficult to become thoroughly decomposed, when flat mushroom is cultivated the material feeding of flat mushroom bacterium bad, grow assorted bacterium easily.
S104 packs inoculation: the cultivation material after will fermenting with the sterilization of cultivated species mycelia, and will be cultivated the two ends that material is inoculated in the branch pack with the polyethylene plastic bag packing of 20 * 25cm specification, get postvaccinal bacterium bag.
S105 sends out bacterium: postvaccinal bacterium bag is placed send out the bacterium cultivation in the culturing room of sterilizing, send out time that bacterium cultivates and be 10 days and cover with whole bacterium bag to mycelia, described culturing room relative air humidity is 71%-73%, temperature control is at 26-28 ℃, because mycelial growth needs oxygen, keep the oxygen content of culturing room more than amount of carbon dioxide.
The S106 management of producing mushroom: the bacterium bag behind the bacterium is transferred to mushroom producing room, and the temperature control of mushroom producing room is below 15 ℃, and the diurnal temperature difference is greater than 9 ℃, and the temperature control of cultivation material is below 18 ℃; The air humidity control of mushroom producing room is at 90%-93%; Maintain the circulation of air, cultivate and to form original hase and be divided into the mushroom flower bud in 4 days, preserve moisture when the mushroom flower bud transform to grow for beginning water spray after the fruit body, when fruit body is long the 1st batch of mushroom of gathering when constant to the cap size, all go the surperficial dried old root of clean bacterium bag and withered mushroom and mushroom flower bud after having adopted, add nutrient solution again, the air humidity control in mushroom room makes that 75%-78% mycelia continues to cultivate the 2nd batch of mushroom of gathering 8 days, adopt and the 2nd batch of management method that mushroom is identical, the 2nd, 3,4, the 5 batch of mushroom of gathering.
Only be preferred embodiment of the present invention below, should be pointed out that above-mentioned preferred embodiment should not be considered as limitation of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with claim institute restricted portion.For those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also make some improvements and modifications and also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. one kind is utilized corncob to add the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, utilize the cultivation material to cultivate flat mushroom, it is characterized in that concrete steps comprise: the selection of cultivation material, the preparation of cultivation material, cultivation stockpile amass fermentation, pack inoculation, send out bacterium, management of producing mushroom, and described cultivation material package is drawn together corncob, straw.
2. the corncob that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 adds the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, it is characterized in that, the corncob that described cultivation material is selected is not for there being the corncob that goes mouldy, and it is standby to be ground into iblet through cracker, and the particle diameter that described cracker is pulverized the back iblet is below the 1cm.
3. the corncob that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 adds the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, it is characterized in that, the straw that described cultivation material is selected is not for there being the straw that goes mouldy, and it is standby that the straw that the cultivation material is selected is ground into the straw grain through cracker, and the particle diameter that described cracker is pulverized back straw grain is below the 1cm.
4. the corncob that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 adds the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, it is characterized in that, the concrete operations of described cultivation material preparation steps are: will cultivate iblet and the straw grain of expecting after the selection step and mix, again urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, quicklime, the water-soluble nutrient solution that gets of carbendazim, nutrient solution evenly is sprinkled upon on iblet and the straw grain, water is regulated the water content to 60% of cultivation material, and urea is regulated the C/N ratio of cultivation material to 30:1.
5. the method for utilizing corncob to add straw plantation flat mushroom as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, the amount of described cultivation material preparation steps adding iblet, straw grain, urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, quicklime, carbendazim is counted according to percentage by weight:
Figure FDA00003561068300011
6. the corncob that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 adds the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, it is characterized in that, the concrete operations of the long-pending fermentation of cultivation stockpile are: the cultivation material after will preparing carries out heap fermentation, turning is 4 times in the fermentation process, when turning for the first time is the 14h that piles up afterwards, turning for the second time be after the turning first time during 24h, when turning for the third time is 36h after the turning for the second time, when the 4th turning is 40h after finishing for the third time, the 50h that ferments again after the 4th turning gets final product, and the temperature that keeps in the fermentation process piling up the cultivation material is 62-65 ℃.
7. the corncob that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 adds the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, it is characterized in that, the concrete operations of described pack inoculation step are: the cultivation material after will fermenting is with the polyethylene plastic bag packing of 20 * 25cm specification, the cultivated species mycelia is sterilized, and will cultivate the two ends that material is inoculated in the branch pack, get postvaccinal bacterium bag.
8. the corncob that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 adds the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, it is characterized in that, the concrete operations of described bacterium step are: postvaccinal bacterium bag is placed send out the bacterium cultivation in the culturing room of sterilizing, send out time that bacterium cultivates and be 10 days and cover with whole bacterium bag to mycelia, described culturing room relative air humidity is 71%-73%, and temperature is controlled at 26-28 ℃.
9. the corncob that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 adds the method that straw is planted flat mushroom, it is characterized in that, the concrete operations of described management of producing mushroom step are: the bacterium bag behind the bacterium is transferred to mushroom producing room, the temperature control of mushroom producing room is below 15 ℃, the diurnal temperature difference is greater than 9 ℃, and the temperature control of cultivation material is below 18 ℃; The air humidity control of mushroom producing room is at 90%-93%; Maintain the circulation of air, cultivate and to form original hase and be divided into the mushroom flower bud in 4 days, preserve moisture when the mushroom flower bud transform to grow for beginning water spray after the fruit body, when fruit body is long the 1st batch of mushroom of gathering when constant to the cap size, all go the surperficial dried old root of clean bacterium bag and withered mushroom and mushroom flower bud after having adopted, add nutrient solution again, the air humidity control in mushroom room makes that 75%-78% mycelia continues to cultivate the 2nd batch of mushroom of gathering 8 days, adopt and the 2nd batch of management method that mushroom is identical, the 2nd, 3,4,5 batch of mushroom of the flat mushroom of gathering.
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Cited By (13)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104365379A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-02-25 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Oyster mushroom planting method
CN104641932A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-05-27 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Novel planting method for pleurotus cornucopiae via sorghum husk
CN104892106A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-09 湖南省土壤肥料研究所 Edible fungus disease preventing and disease resistant growth promoting conditioner
CN105027986A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-11 贵州茅台流域东升农场有限公司 Oyster mushroom indoor bag cultivation method
CN106982646A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-07-28 王井龙 It is a kind of that edible fungus culturing is combined the method for realizing manufacture of organic rice sustainable development with Rice Cropping
CN107493966A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-22 贵州普定印象朵贝农业开发有限公司 A kind of method that flat mushroom is planted using weeds
CN108450230A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-28 新平源健农业开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of oyster mushroom
CN108934783A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-07 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of oyster mushroom culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN109042065A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 铜陵盛牛菌业有限责任公司 A kind of cultural method of oyster mushroom
CN109042069A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-21 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of oyster mushroom
CN112088719A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-12-18 砀山野居农作物种植专业合作社 Method for culturing edible fungi
CN112119835A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-12-25 武汉市农业科学院 Oyster mushroom cultivation material containing needle mushroom dregs as well as preparation method and use method thereof
CN112931038A (en) * 2021-02-25 2021-06-11 杨健云 Edible mushroom cultivation method

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104641932A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-05-27 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Novel planting method for pleurotus cornucopiae via sorghum husk
CN104365379A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-02-25 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Oyster mushroom planting method
CN104892106A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-09 湖南省土壤肥料研究所 Edible fungus disease preventing and disease resistant growth promoting conditioner
CN104892106B (en) * 2015-05-18 2017-11-07 湖南省土壤肥料研究所 A kind of edible mushroom disease resistance growth promoting conditioner
CN105027986B (en) * 2015-08-25 2018-06-29 贵州茅台流域东升农场有限公司 Packed cultural method in a kind of oyster mushroom room
CN105027986A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-11 贵州茅台流域东升农场有限公司 Oyster mushroom indoor bag cultivation method
CN106982646A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-07-28 王井龙 It is a kind of that edible fungus culturing is combined the method for realizing manufacture of organic rice sustainable development with Rice Cropping
CN107493966A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-22 贵州普定印象朵贝农业开发有限公司 A kind of method that flat mushroom is planted using weeds
CN108450230A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-28 新平源健农业开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of oyster mushroom
CN109042065A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 铜陵盛牛菌业有限责任公司 A kind of cultural method of oyster mushroom
CN108934783A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-07 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of oyster mushroom culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN109042069A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-21 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of oyster mushroom
CN112088719A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-12-18 砀山野居农作物种植专业合作社 Method for culturing edible fungi
CN112119835A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-12-25 武汉市农业科学院 Oyster mushroom cultivation material containing needle mushroom dregs as well as preparation method and use method thereof
CN112931038A (en) * 2021-02-25 2021-06-11 杨健云 Edible mushroom cultivation method

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