CN105601356A - Method for comprehensive utilization of edible fungus residues - Google Patents

Method for comprehensive utilization of edible fungus residues Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105601356A
CN105601356A CN201610111819.4A CN201610111819A CN105601356A CN 105601356 A CN105601356 A CN 105601356A CN 201610111819 A CN201610111819 A CN 201610111819A CN 105601356 A CN105601356 A CN 105601356A
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mushroom
fermentation
edible
water
residues
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CN105601356B (en
Inventor
韩建东
宫志远
万鲁长
任海霞
黄春燕
任鹏飞
李瑾
杨鹏
谢红艳
郭兵
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Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • C05F11/08Organic fertilisers containing added bacterial cultures, mycelia or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for comprehensive utilization of edible fungus residues. The method comprises the steps of 1, conducting steam treatment on waste bacteria sticks after impurity removal and smashing, so that pretreated fungus residues are obtained; 2, adjusting the water content and pH of the pretreated fungus residues, and building a heap for solid aerobic fermentation, so that primarily fermented fungus residues are obtained; 3, mixing the primarily fermented fungus residues with water in proportion, conducting aerated fermentation constantly, conducting filtration, and drying and smashing filter residues to obtain vegetable cultivation base fertilizer, wherein filtrate serves as an edible fungus growth promotion and yield increase agent. Mycoprotein, polysaccharide, oligosaccharide, enzymes, microorganisms and other bioactivators rich in fungus residues are fully utilized, mycoprotein, cellulose and lignin are further degraded into substances capable of being absorbed by edible fungi easily, the edible fungus growth promotion and yield increase agent which contains various physiological activators and nutrients and can promote edible fungus growth is obtained through extraction, and filter residues are used for preparing a vegetable seedling culture medium.

Description

A kind of method of edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization
Technical field
A kind of method that the present invention relates to edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization, belongs to edible fungus culturing waste utilization technical field.
Background technology
China's Edible Fungi Industry Development was rapid in recent years, and particularly batch production manufacturing enterprise quantity growth is rapid, and had very largeDevelopment potentiality. But the conventional raw materials such as the current cotton seed hulls for edible fungus culturing, wheat straw, corncob are fewer and feweri, theseThe prices of raw and semifnished materials go up and cause mushroom industry comprehensive benefit to decline, and the market competitive pressure strengthens. In Edible Fungi, sometimes pass throughAdd nutrition regulating agent and stimulate edible fungi growth, improve output. These nutrition regulating agents are much by chemicals and steroidsMaterial composition, spice result of use is not too obvious, and the use of sporophore growth phase has chemical residual and pollution, and improper use can be madeBecome dead mushroom and yellow mushroom, affect product quality, bring in various degree and pollute to environment.
Along with the fast development of China's mushroom industry, a large amount of edible fungi residues constantly produce, and China produces dry bacterium slag approximately every yearMore than 2000 ten thousand tons, but the year comprehensive utilization ratio of bacterium slag is lower, and most of bacterium slag is arbitrarily stacked or is burnt, and causes on the one handEnvironmental pollution, grow on the other hand miscellaneous bacteria and pathogen and bring potential safety hazard to edible mushroom scale producing region, become restriction industryAn important step of development. Mushroom industry is typical circular agriculture, and bacterium slag is not last ring of Edible Fungi link,Be not useless discarded object, contrary bacterium slag contains rich in protein, cellulose and amino acid etc., in mycelial growth processAlso produced various saccharides, organic acid, enzyme and bioactivator by enzymolysis, in bacterium slag, also contain in addition iron, calcium,The trace element such as zinc, magnesium, nutrient composition content is abundant, has good value. In culture medium of edible fungus, suitably addEdible fungi residue, improving the hypha of edible fungus speed of growth, neatly budding, in advance fruiting, increase the aspects such as output and have fineEffect, but the nutritional quality of bacterium slag and the kind of planting material and degraded utilizes degree relevant, therefore bacterium slag addition in compostBe not easy strict assurance, the excessive subalimentation that causes of addition in compost. And bacterium slag easily grows miscellaneous bacteria and pathogen, can makeBecome the potential safety hazards such as bacterium bag pollution, bacterium slag is dealt with physicochemical character improperly and is obviously reduced, and has a strong impact on Edible Fungi.
In addition,, because edible fungi residue is loose and aeration is good, total pore space and water holding hole are large, and organic, quick-acting nitrogen phosphorusThe nutrient contents such as potassium are high, and the cultivation matrix that can be used as gardening gardens uses, but in bacterium slag, EC value is higher, easily causes in soilSalt accumulation; Doing seedling medium can cause seedling leaves to occur the phenomenons such as yellow, growing way are weak, root browning.
Chinese patent literature CN104604523A (application number 201510054011.2) discloses a kind of tunnel fermentation medium of usingVolvaria volvacea cultivation method, by the waste cotton of the golden mushroom slag of 7~8 parts and 2~3 parts, insert in mixer by weight, addThe quick lime of compost gross weight 3%~6%, the stirring that adds water, makes the moisture control of compost control in 65%~70%, pH valueBuilt in 8~9, process of passing through tunnel fermentation, straw mushroom is through the new method for cultivating of inoculation, a bacterium, cultivation, fruiting.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of method of edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization is provided. Object is to realize edible mushroomThe circulation comprehensive utilization of bacterium slag; Make the production application of edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent edibility bacterium, and have shorten the production cycle,Concentrate fruiting, increase the features such as output, safety and stability, green natural, other products can be production seedling medium simultaneously and provide formerMaterial.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A method for edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization, comprises the steps:
(1) by pollution-free and waste mushroom stick that go mouldy after the removal of impurity, pulverizing, process 10~15h, make pre-place for 65~75 DEG CReason bacterium slag;
(2) water content to 55%~65% (mass percent) of the pretreatment bacterium slag that regulating step (1) makes, pH6.5~8.0, bar is cut formula and is built heap, carries out aerobic fermentation; In the primary fermentation stage, keep fermentation 3~4d when material temperature reaches more than 55 DEG C, expectsTemperature is lower than 55 DEG C or forced ventilation during higher than 65 DEG C, every 1.5~2.0h 10~20min that ventilates, ventilation be per minute 0.1~0.2m3/m3Windrow, then turning, adopts identical oxygen supply mode ventilating fermentation, in the time that heap temperature is raised to more than 55 DEG C again,Every 2d turning once, turning 3~4 times; In the after fermentation stage, stockpile surface coverage film, is warming up to 55~65 DEG C, protectsTemperature fermentation 20~28h, aeration-cooling to 48~52 DEG C, continue fermentation 5~6d, make just zymophyte slag;
(3) first zymophyte slag step (2) being made with water according to mass ratio 1:(4~6) ratio mix, continue logicalGas fermentation 45~50h, throughput 0.8~1.2vvm, speed of agitator 80~120r/min, after filtration, filtrate is that edible mushroom is shortRaw increasing agent, filter residue drying, pulverizing make growing vegetables base-material.
Preferred according to the present invention, in described step (1), the removal of impurity is polybag, scleroma piece, the wood of removing in waste mushroom stickRod, plastic foil, tie string and/or other foreign material.
Preferred according to the present invention, in described step (1), be treated to employing steam treatment.
Preferred according to the present invention, in described step (1), waste mushroom stick is the waste mushroom stick of producing after asparagus and/or pleurotus eryngii.
Preferred according to the present invention, in described step (2), build heap for building up high 0.8~1.2m, bottom width 2.0~2.5m, topWide 1.0~1.5m, length are greater than trapezoidal the buttress heap of 3.0m.
Preferred according to the present invention, in described step (3), described water is running water; Further preferred, from the beginning describedWater is through Air Exposure 1.5~3h constantly stirring in advance, except the running water of the middle chlorine that anhydrates.
Preferred according to the present invention, in described step (3), be crushed to below particle diameter 0.5cm moisture content 20%~30% (matterAmount percentage).
A kind of vegetable seedling substrate, component is as follows, is parts by volume:
Growing vegetables base-material 40%~60%, the peat composed of rotten mosses 15%~20%, vermiculite 20%~30%, perlite 5%~10%.
The preparation method of above-mentioned vegetable seedling substrate, step is as follows:
Respectively growing vegetables base-material, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite and perlite are mixed in proportion, make vegetable seedling substrate.
The application of above-mentioned edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent in Edible Fungi.
Preferred according to the present invention, above-mentioned application, step is as follows:
(1) by edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent and water 1:(8~12 by volume) ratio mix, make spray liquid;
(2) in the edible mushroom mixing phase, the spray liquid of step (1) preparation is used as spice water; Every damp massee fruiting bodies shapeBefore becoming, the spray liquid of step (1) preparation is pressed to 200~300mL/m2Spray in compost charge level; To walk in the sporophore growth phaseSuddenly the spray liquid of (1) preparation is by 200~300mL/m2Spray on fruit body of edible fungi, every damp mushroom sprays 1~3 time, everyMinor tick 2~3d.
Beneficial effect
1, the present invention makes full use of and in bacterium slag, is rich in hypha of edible fungus and decomposes the mycoprotein, polysaccharide, the widow that in matrix process, produceSugar, enzyme, microorganism and other biological active material etc., bacterium slag is stirred aerobe fermentation through high-temperature solid aerobic fermentation with adding water,Mycoprotein, cellulose, lignin etc. are further degraded to the material that edible mushroom easily absorbs, by lixiviate, obtainContain several physiological active substances and nutritional labeling, can promote edible fungi growth, the edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent of nutrient be provided,Filter residue can be used as vegetable seedling substrate raw material;
2, the edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent that the present invention makes, occurs adding after having avoided directly adding in culture medium of edible fungus bacterium slagMeasure wayward, subalimentation, and the problem such as bacterium slag cost of transportation is high, easily go mouldy in storage process, product is natural, nothingPollute, noresidue, easy to use, can shorten the hypha of edible fungus purseful time, former base time of occurrence and change of tide phase, impel wholeThe fruiting of buddingging together, in batch production is produced, application can be saved mass energy consumption and management cost, but also has production-increasing function,Productivity effect obviously improves;
3, the growing vegetables base-material making by method of the present invention, significantly declines compared with the EC value of bacterium slag, not only solvesThe problem of environmental pollution that causes of traditional salt reduction processing mode, and significantly reduced production cost; In addition growing vegetables base-material,Passed through high-temperature solid aerobic fermentation and added water and being stirred aerobe fermentation, physicochemical character further improves, loose and aeration is good, totalHole and water holding hole are large, and aeration and water conservation moisture holding capacity are strong, and the material of the toxic effect of vegetables root is reduced.
4, the grow seedlings of vegetable that the growing vegetables base-material that method of the present invention makes and the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite, perlite are mixed withMatrix, the indexs such as its unit weight, particle diameter, porosity, retentiveness, EC value are good, and vegetables emerge neatly, cotyledon hypertrophy, stemHigh, stem thick, on the ground and dry matter weight of hypogeal parts all improve comprehensively, and plant disease resistance improves, root samping off, rot etc.The incidence of disease significantly reduces.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail, but the content that the present invention protects is notBe confined to this.
The quality of organic matter of the peat composed of rotten mosses described in embodiment content is 60%~70%, purchased from Jinan Lu Qing seedling Co., Ltd; Vermiculite and treasureZhu Yan is expanded vermiculite and fine perlite, purchased from Yi Nong seedling medium Co., Ltd of Shen county of Shandong.
Embodiment 1
A method for edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization, comprises the steps:
(1) polybag in removing waste mushroom stick, hard by the waste mushroom stick after pollution-free and production asparagus that go mouldy and pleurotus eryngiiThe foreign material such as caking, wooden stick, plastic foil, tie string, then pulverize, and 70 DEG C of steam treatment 12h, make pretreatment bacterium slag;
The waste mushroom stick of producing asparagus is 1:1 with the mass ratio of the waste mushroom stick of producing pleurotus eryngii;
(2) water content to 60%, the pH7.5 of the pretreatment bacterium slag that regulating step (1) makes, by bacterium slag build up high 1.0m,Trapezoidal the buttress heap of bottom width 2.2m, top width 1.2m, length 5.0m; In the primary fermentation stage, when reaching more than 55 DEG C, material temperature keepsFermentation 4d, material temperature, lower than 55 DEG C or forced ventilation during higher than 65 DEG C, utilizes pressure air pump from bottom ventilation, and every 2.0h ventilates15min, ventilation is 0.15m per minute3/m3Windrow, then turning; Again build after heap, adopt identical oxygen supply mode logicalWind fermentation, in the time that heap temperature is raised to more than 55 DEG C again, every 2d turning once, turning 3 times successively; The after fermentation stage,Stockpile surface coverage film, is warming up to 55~65 DEG C, and heat-preservation fermentation 24h is aeration-cooling to 48~52 DEG C, continues fermentation 5d,Make just zymophyte slag;
(3) running water Air Exposure 2h in advance, the first zymophyte slag that step (2) is made and water are mixed according to the ratio of 1:5Close, in the simple and easy fermentation tank of capacity 25L, continue aerobic fementation 48h, throughput 1.0vvm, after filtration, filtrate is edible mushroomGrowth-promoting increasing agent, filter residue drying to moisture content is 30%, pulverizes the sieve that aperture is 0.5cm, makes growing vegetables base-material.
Embodiment 2
A method for edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization, comprises the steps:
(1) polybag in removing waste mushroom stick, scleroma piece, wood by the waste mushroom stick after pollution-free and production pleurotus eryngii that go mouldyThe foreign material such as rod, plastic foil, tie string, then pulverize, and 65 DEG C of steam treatment 15h, make pretreatment bacterium slag;
(2) water content to 55%, the pH8.0 of the pretreatment bacterium slag that regulating step (1) makes, by bacterium slag build up high 1.2m,Trapezoidal the buttress heap of bottom width 2.5m, top width 1.5m, length 4.0m; In the primary fermentation stage, when reaching more than 55 DEG C, material temperature keepsFermentation 4d, material temperature, lower than 55 DEG C or forced ventilation during higher than 65 DEG C, utilizes pressure air pump from bottom ventilation, and every 1.5h ventilates10min, ventilation is 0.2m per minute3/m3Windrow, then turning; Again build after heap, adopt identical oxygen supply mode to ventilateFermentation, in the time that heap temperature is raised to more than 55 DEG C again, every 2d turning once, turning 4 times successively; The after fermentation stage, materialHeap surface coverage film, is warming up to 55~65 DEG C, and heat-preservation fermentation 28h is aeration-cooling to 48~52 DEG C, continues fermentation 5d,Make just zymophyte slag;
(3) running water Air Exposure 1.5h in advance, the first zymophyte slag that step (2) is made and water are according to the ratio of 1:4Mix, in the simple and easy fermentation tank of capacity 25L, continue aerobic fementation 50h, throughput 0.8vvm, after filtration, filtrate is for edibleBacterium growth-promoting increasing agent, filter residue drying to moisture content is 25%, pulverizes the sieve that aperture is 0.5cm, makes growing vegetables base-material.
Embodiment 3
A method for edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization, comprises the steps:
(1) by the waste mushroom stick of pollution-free and production asparagus that go mouldy the polybag in removing waste mushroom stick, scleroma piece, wooden stick,The foreign material such as plastic foil, tie string, then pulverize, and 75 DEG C of steam treatment 10h, make pretreatment bacterium slag;
(2) water content to 65%, the pH6.5 of the pretreatment bacterium slag that regulating step (1) makes, by bacterium slag build up high 0.8m,Trapezoidal the buttress heap of bottom width 2.0m, top width 1.0m, length 5.0m. The primary fermentation stage keeps sending out when material temperature reaches more than 55 DEG CFerment 3d, material temperature, lower than 55 DEG C or forced ventilation during higher than 65 DEG C, utilizes pressure air pump from bottom ventilation, every 2.0h ventilation 20min,Ventilation is 0.1m per minute3/m3Windrow, then turning. Again build after heap, adopt identical oxygen supply mode ventilating fermentation,In the time that heap temperature is raised to more than 55 DEG C again, every 2d turning once, turning 3 times successively. After fermentation stage stockpile surface is coveredLid film, is warming up to 55~65 DEG C, and heat-preservation fermentation 20h is aeration-cooling to 48~52 DEG C, continues fermentation 6d, makes onsetYeast-like fungi slag;
(3) running water Air Exposure 3h in advance, the first zymophyte slag that step (2) is made and water are mixed according to the ratio of 1:6Close, in the simple and easy fermentation tank of capacity 25L, continue aerobic fementation 45h, throughput 1.2vvm, after filtration, filtrate is edible mushroomGrowth-promoting increasing agent, filter residue drying to moisture content is 20%, pulverizes the sieve that aperture is 0.5cm, makes growing vegetables base-material.
Embodiment 4
A kind of vegetable seedling substrate, component is as follows, is parts by volume:
The growing vegetables base-material 40% that embodiment 1 makes, the peat composed of rotten mosses 20%, vermiculite 30%, perlite 10%.
The preparation method of above-mentioned vegetable seedling substrate, step is as follows:
Respectively growing vegetables base-material, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite and perlite are mixed in proportion, make vegetable seedling substrate.
Embodiment 5
A kind of vegetable seedling substrate, component is as follows, is parts by volume:
The growing vegetables base-material 60% that embodiment 2 makes, the peat composed of rotten mosses 15%, vermiculite 20%, perlite 5%.
The preparation method of above-mentioned vegetable seedling substrate, step is as follows:
Respectively growing vegetables base-material, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite and perlite are mixed in proportion, make vegetable seedling substrate.
Embodiment 6
A kind of vegetable seedling substrate, component is as follows, is parts by volume:
The growing vegetables base-material 50% that embodiment 3 makes, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18%, vermiculite 24%, perlite 8%.
The preparation method of above-mentioned vegetable seedling substrate, step is as follows:
Respectively growing vegetables base-material, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite and perlite are mixed in proportion, make vegetable seedling substrate.
Comparative example 1
The preparation method of pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag extract:
(1) fermenting agent (love Promised Land, Shandong bio tech ltd is on sale) of interpolation pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag amount 8%, adjustsJoint water content, for to pinch one with hand, has water to flow out between finger, but does not ooze and be as the criterion, and normal temperature sealing and fermenting 3 days, obtainsZymophyte slag. Fermentation is the mass ratio 0.1:0.3:0.5 of cellulase, lignoenzyme and brewer's yeast with microbial inoculum.
(2) by bacterium slag and pure water after fermentation in mass ratio 1:10 mix, boil 35min, after filtration, obtain pleurotus eryngiiBacterium slag extract and filter residue; Filtrate is as edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent, and filter residue drying to moisture content is 20%, pulverizes via holeFootpath is the sieve of 0.5cm, makes growing vegetables base-material.
Application examples 1: the application of edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent in flat mushroom plantation
Adopt respectively embodiment 1,2 and 3 methods to prepare edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent, for plant flat mushroom be respectively test group 1-1,2-1 and 3-1. Application process: common greenhouse cultivation flat mushroom, adopt 17cm × 33cm polyethylene plastic bag, culturing raw material is pressed bodyThe long-pending growth-promoting increasing agent of admixing 12 times of dilutions than the ratio of 1:1.3, packs rear 100 DEG C of normal-pressure sterilization 12h, cooling rear inoculation,Send out bacterium. Adopt altogether three damp mushrooms, before every damp massee fruiting bodies forms by the dilution growth-promoting increasing agent of 12 times by 300mL/m2Spray inCompost charge level, is sprayed to charge level moistening, then ventilates half an hour, will dilute 12 again growth period at each damp mushroom carpophoreGrowth-promoting increasing agent is doubly pressed 300mL/m2Spray in mushroom carpophore 1 time with spray water, ventilate half an hour. Other control measuresSame conventional method.
The bacterium slag extract of preparing with comparative example 1 replaces edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent plantation flat mushroom, is numbered control group 1-1, shouldIdentical by method.
Replace edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent plantation flat mushroom with clear water, be numbered control group 2-1, application process is identical.
Utilize edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent of the present invention for booth mushroom cultivation, mycelia purseful time, squaring period, change of tide phase are equalBe shorter than control group, can shorten the flat mushroom production cycle, fruiting is neat, and output significantly improves, and the results are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 the inventive method is for the effect of booth mushroom cultivation
Group The mycelia purseful phase (d) Squaring period (d) The change of tide phase (d) Biological transformation ratio (%)
Test group 1-1 21 29 9 125.48
Test group 2-1 20 28 9 131.62
Test group 3-1 21 29 9 123.55
Control group 1-1 22 31 10 111.27
Control group 2-1 24 33 11 101.83
Application examples 2: the application of edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent on asparagus
Adopt respectively embodiment 1,2 and 3 methods to prepare edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent, be numbered respectively examination for planting asparagusTest group 1-2,2-2 and 3-2.
Application process: batch production intelligence mushroom room bottle is planted asparagus, adopts 1100mL culture bottle, and culturing raw material by volumeThe ratio of 1:1.3 is admixed the dilution growth-promoting increasing agent of 8 times, after bottling after 121 DEG C autoclaving 2.5h, cooling rear inoculation, send outBacterium. The damp mushroom of gathering is pressed the growth-promoting increasing agent of 8 times of dilutions after the bacterium bottle mycelium stimulation that sends out full bacterium, before asparagus fruit-body formation200mL/m2Spray in compost charge level, be sprayed to charge level moistening, then ventilate half an hour, when fructification exceeds bottleneck 3cmTime the dilution growth-promoting increasing agent of 8 times is pressed to 300mL/m2Spray in asparagus fructification 1 time with spray water, spray for 3 days again at intervalExecute 1 time, sprayed rear venting half an hour at every turn. The same conventional method of other control measures.
The bacterium slag extract of preparing with comparative example 1 replaces edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent plantation asparagus, is numbered control group 1-2,Application process is identical.
Replace edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent plantation asparagus with clear water, be numbered control group 2-2, application process is identical.
Utilize edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent of the present invention for batch production golden mushroom plantation, mycelia purseful time and urge the flower bud phase to be all shorter thanControl group, can shorten the asparagus production cycle, and fruiting is neat, and output significantly improves, and the results are shown in Table 2.
Table 2 the inventive method is for the effect of batch production golden mushroom plantation
Group The mycelia purseful phase (d) Urge the flower bud phase (d) The first damp mushroom biological transformation ratio (%)
Test group 1-2 25 11 100.34
Test group 2-2 24 11 103.61
Test group 3-2 25 11 99.85
Control group 1-2 27 12 90.27
Control group 2-2 29 14 83.40
Application examples 3: the application of bacterium slag seedling medium on cucumber
Adopt respectively embodiment 4,5 and 6 methods to make vegetable seedling substrate, for cucumber seedling-raising, respectively compile for test group 4,5 and 6. Growing vegetables base-material 50%, the peat composed of rotten mosses 18%, vermiculite 24%, perlite that by volume percentage makes comparative example 1After 8% mixing, make vegetable seedling substrate, for cucumber seedling-raising, be numbered control group 3. By the peat composed of rotten mosses and vermiculite be by volume2:1 ratio mixes and makes vegetable seedling substrate, for cucumber seedling-raising, is numbered control group 4. Other control measures are with normalRule method.
The concrete physicochemical property of cucumber matrix of preparation is as shown in table 3, and wherein assay method all adopts normal experiment technology to carry out.Physicochemical property pH, EC, unit weight, total porosity, aeration porosity, the water-holding porosity of bacterium slag seedling medium of the present invention and havingMachine matter all, in the scope of suitable cucumber growth, can meet cucumber seedling growth needs. Compare with control group 4 with control group 3,Its physicochemical property improves, plant growth preferably.
The physicochemical property of the different proportioning matrix of table 3
Contrast test effect is in table 4, and the cucumber seedling emergence rate, plant height, the stem that utilize seedling medium of the present invention to cultivate are thick, youngSeedling dry weight, root index in long and strong sprout is all better than control group 3 and control group 4 seedling mediums.
Table 4 the inventive method is for the effect of cucumber seedling-raising
Finally it should be noted that: the foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, althoughWith reference to previous embodiment, the present invention is had been described in detail, for a person skilled in the art, it still can be to frontState the technical scheme that each embodiment records and modify, or part technical characterictic is wherein equal to replacement. All at thisWithin bright spirit and principle, any amendment of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included in protection scope of the present inventionWithin.

Claims (10)

1. a method for edible fungi residue comprehensive utilization, comprises the steps:
(1) by pollution-free and waste mushroom stick that go mouldy after the removal of impurity, pulverizing, process 10~15h, make pre-place for 65~75 DEG CReason bacterium slag;
(2) water content to 55%~65% (mass percent) of the pretreatment bacterium slag that regulating step (1) makes, pH6.5~8.0, bar is cut formula and is built heap, carries out aerobic fermentation; In the primary fermentation stage, keep fermentation 3~4d when material temperature reaches more than 55 DEG C, expectsTemperature is lower than 55 DEG C or forced ventilation during higher than 65 DEG C, every 1.5~2.0h 10~20min that ventilates, ventilation be per minute 0.1~0.2m3/m3Windrow, then turning, adopts identical oxygen supply mode ventilating fermentation, in the time that heap temperature is raised to more than 55 DEG C again,Every 2d turning once, turning 3~4 times; In the after fermentation stage, stockpile surface coverage film, is warming up to 55~65 DEG C, protectsTemperature fermentation 20~28h, aeration-cooling to 48~52 DEG C, continue fermentation 5~6d, make just zymophyte slag;
(3) first zymophyte slag step (2) being made with water according to mass ratio 1:(4~6) ratio mix, continue logicalGas fermentation 45~50h, throughput 0.8~1.2vvm, speed of agitator 80~120r/min, after filtration, filtrate is that edible mushroom is shortRaw increasing agent, filter residue drying, pulverizing make growing vegetables base-material.
2. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1), the removal of impurity is for removing in waste mushroom stickPolybag, scleroma piece, wooden stick, plastic foil, tie string and/or other foreign material; Preferably, the described waste mushroom stick pan of making a livingWaste mushroom stick after pin mushroom and/or pleurotus eryngii.
3. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1), is treated to employing steam treatment.
4. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (2), build heap for build up high 0.8~1.2m,Bottom width 2.0~2.5m, top width 1.0~1.5m, length are greater than trapezoidal the buttress heap of 3.0m.
5. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (3), described water is running water; EnterOne step is preferred, and described running water is through Air Exposure 1.5~3h constantly stirring in advance, except the running water of the middle chlorine that anhydrates.
6. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (3), is crushed to below particle diameter 0.5cm,Moisture content 20%~30% (mass percent).
7. a vegetable seedling substrate, is characterized in that, component is as follows, is parts by volume:
Growing vegetables base-material 40%~60% described in claim 1, the peat composed of rotten mosses 15%~20%, vermiculite 20%~30%, perlite5%~10%。
8. the preparation method of vegetable seedling substrate described in claim 7, is characterized in that, step is as follows:
Respectively growing vegetables base-material, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite and perlite are mixed in proportion, make vegetable seedling substrate.
9. the application of edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent in Edible Fungi described in claim 1.
10. application as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that, step is as follows:
(1) by edible mushroom growth-promoting increasing agent and water 1:(8~12 by volume) ratio mix, make spray liquid;
(2) in the edible mushroom mixing phase, the spray liquid of step (1) preparation is used as spice water; Every damp massee fruiting bodies shapeBefore becoming, the spray liquid of step (1) preparation is pressed to 200~300mL/m2Spray in compost charge level; To walk in the sporophore growth phaseSuddenly the spray liquid of (1) preparation is by 200~300mL/m2Spray on fruit body of edible fungi, every damp mushroom sprays 1~3 time, everyMinor tick 2~3d.
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CN108094119A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-06-01 天津市庆祥农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of processing method of obsolete fungus stick of edible fungus plant culture matrix
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CN107311727A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-03 长沙善道新材料科技有限公司 A kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108094119A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-06-01 天津市庆祥农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of processing method of obsolete fungus stick of edible fungus plant culture matrix
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