CN103283408A - Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function - Google Patents

Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103283408A
CN103283408A CN2013101826279A CN201310182627A CN103283408A CN 103283408 A CN103283408 A CN 103283408A CN 2013101826279 A CN2013101826279 A CN 2013101826279A CN 201310182627 A CN201310182627 A CN 201310182627A CN 103283408 A CN103283408 A CN 103283408A
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China
Prior art keywords
plastic film
grip block
frame
straw
conveying
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Granted
Application number
CN2013101826279A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103283408B (en
Inventor
王吉奎
李天文
胡凯
丁双双
李斌
蒋蓓
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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Priority to CN201310182627.9A priority Critical patent/CN103283408B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with a field straw chopping and returning function. The clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with the field straw chopping and returning function comprises a hauling device (1), a driving system (2), a frame (6), a plastic film residue box (13), a travelling wheel (25), a straw chopping device, a straw conveying device (7), a plastic film residue recycling device and a film removing device, the hauling device (1) is arranged on the front side of the straw chopping device, the straw conveying device (7) is arranged on the rear side of the straw chopping device, a tail slide plate (8) is arranged on the rear side of the straw conveying device (7), the plastic film residue recycling device is arranged on the lower side of the straw conveying device (7), and the plastic film residue box (13) is arranged on the rear side of the plastic film residue recycling device which comprises a film lifting frame (14), a clamping plate chain (15), a clamping plate (16), a conveying belt chain (18), a conveying belt (19), a film lifting gear (20) and a soil retaining plate (23). The clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with the field straw chopping and returning function has the advantages of simple structure, high working efficiency, clean plastic film residue recycling, less proneness to plastic film residue twining, low impurity content in recycled plastic film residues and the like.

Description

A kind of straw chopping and returning and clamping conveying-type machine for recovering broken film
Technical field
The residual film of field-crop straw chopping and returning and the face of land reclaims combined machine, especially a kind of straw chopping and returning and clamping conveying-type machine for recovering broken film after the present invention relates to a kind of crop harvesting.
Background technology
Along with the residual film of the large tracts of land of film-mulching cultivation technique after promoting the use of and using fails in time to reclaim, bring serious " white pollution " to the farmland, for solving residual membrane pollution problem, develop multiple machine for recovering broken film both at home and abroad, what belong to that straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim combine has 4JSM-1800 type and 4SJ-1.6 type straw chopping and returning and a residual film combined recovery machine, is used for that the type of residual film recovery has 1ZSM-800 type machine for recovering broken film, 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine and QS-2 type machine for recovering broken film behind the crop harvesting.In addition, by the film retrieving collector operation principle be divided into the tooth-like machine for recovering broken film of expansion link again, shovel plays a batch machine for recovering broken film, gear tooth-type machine for recovering broken film and toothed-chain type machine for recovering broken film.
Above straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim the stalk that combine pulverizes can not effectively be separated with the due-in residual film in the face of land, make percentage of impurity height in the residual film of recovery, and operating efficiency is low; Existing machine for recovering broken film film retrieving collector mainly uses " choosing the film bar " or " hugging the film tooth " to pack up residual film with the principle of " choosing " and " scraping ", reclaim some tensile strength height, residual film that residual diaphragm is bigger in this way, has recovering effect preferably, but residual film easily twines and receives the film workpiece during work, the demoulding difficulty, and this kind working method is difficult to the residual film of the small pieces of weathering is packed up, and has a strong impact on residual film and reclaims operation.Because there is stalk in the field behind the crop harvesting, it is bigger to reclaim residual film difficulty merely, and the residual stalk in field makes straw chopping and returning usually and handle, and influence is promoted the use of.The residual film of mechanization reclaims problem and fails fine solution so far, makes farmland incomplete film pollute in aggravation year by year.Therefore, design a kind of operating efficiency height, but not only the combine of straw chopping and returning but also recyclable residual film was significant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of one-stop operation not only can realize the integration of operation facility of straw chopping and returning but also recyclable residual film, can realize during this facility operation that the stalk of pulverizing separates with due-in residual film, have simple in structure, operating efficiency is high, residual film reclaims clean, residual film and is difficult for twining and reclaims in the residual film characteristics such as impurity content is few.
The present invention relates to a kind of straw chopping and returning and clamping conveying-type machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear, transmission system, frame, residual film case, road wheel, straw millstone, stalk conveying plant, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU and demoulding device, it is characterized in that draw-gear is located at the straw millstone front side, the stalk conveying plant is located at the straw millstone rear side, the tail slide carriage is located at stalk conveying plant rear side, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at the downside of stalk conveying plant, residual film case is located at the rear side of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, and road wheel is located on the frame.Described straw millstone is by cutter shaft, blade and guard shield are formed, above-mentioned blade is located at the cutter shaft periphery, guard shield is located at the outside of cutter shaft and blade, described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is by the skinning frame, the clamping carrier chain, grip block, the clamping drive sprocket, the clamping plate driven sprocket, the chain support, carry band chain, conveyer belt, carry drive sprocket, carry driven sprocket, skinning tooth and breast boards are formed, above-mentioned clamping carrier chain is connected between clamping drive sprocket and the clamping driven sprocket, grip block is located on the clamping carrier chain, the said conveyer belt chain connects to be carried between drive sprocket and the conveying driven sprocket, conveyer belt is located on the clamping carrier chain, grip block and clamping carrier chain are located at conveyer belt jointly and carry the upside of band chain, above-mentioned skinning is erected at the conveyer belt downside, above-mentioned skinning tooth skinning frame lower end, above-mentioned pull bar is connected between skinning frame lower end and the frame, skinning frame upper end links with hinged mode and frame, above-mentioned breast boards is located at carries the driven sprocket front side, described demoulding device is made up of blower fan and air port, the air port communicates with the blower fan exhaust outlet, and the air port is located at carries the drive sprocket upside.
Described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU grip block can be plate, also can be tooth.
The air port of described demoulding device can be located at carries the drive sprocket upside, also can be located at and carry the drive sprocket downside.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows: tractor links by draw-gear and facility of the present invention, tractor motive power output shaft links by the transmission system of power transmission shaft and facility of the present invention, tractor can drive straw millstone, stalk conveying plant, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU and the work of demoulding device by above-mentioned transmission system, and tractor and facility of the present invention are formed the operation unit.During operation, unit advances along the crop seedling is capable, the cutter shaft of straw millstone drives blade and does gyration, blade is smashed crops straw, the stalk of smashing is shed to scraping plate conveying device under the effect of guard shield, the stalk that scraping plate conveying device will be shed is delivered to the tail slide carriage, stalk is slipped on the ground of residual film case rear side along the tail slide carriage then, simultaneously, grip block and conveyer belt be relative motion under the drive of grip block chain and conveying band chain respectively, the skinning tooth of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU enters into the surface soil after the crushed stalk, the skinning tooth is lifted away from the ground certain altitude with residual film from the face of land, and be held plate and scrape to conveyer belt, along with the rotation of grip block and conveyer belt, residual film is sandwiched between grip block and the conveyer belt, and along upwards conveying of conveyer belt, when residual film was delivered to the place, air port that carries the drive sprocket upside, residual film fell into residual film case under the strength effect, realized that the clamping conveying-type of residual film reclaims.There are speed difference in conveyer belt and grip block in receiving membrane process, and grip block stirs residual film, cleans out the foreign material that are mixed in the residual film under the gravity effect, and the length of adjusting pull bar can be adjusted the embedded depth of skinning tooth.
The present invention has simple in structure, residual film is difficult for windings, operating speed height, residual film rate of recovery height, demoulding is satisfactory for result and reclaim in the residual film advantages such as impurity content is few, can satisfy the requirement of crushing straw and residual film recovery.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Indicating 1 among the figure is draw-gear, and 2 is transmission system, and 3 is cutter shaft, and 4 is blade, and 5 is guard shield, 6 is frame, and 7 is the stalk conveying plant, and 8 is the tail slide carriage, and 9 is blower fan, 10 are the clamping drive sprocket, and 11 is the air port, and 12 for carrying drive sprocket, and 13 is residual film case, 14 is the skinning frame, and 15 is the grip block chain, and 16 is grip block, and 17 is the chain support, 18 for carrying band chain, and 19 is conveyer belt, and 20 is the skinning tooth, and 21 is pull bar, 22 for carrying driven sprocket, and 23 is breast boards, and 24 are the clamping driven sprocket, and 25 is road wheel.
Arrow is represented the direction of motion of grip block and conveyer belt among the figure.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1, embodiment for a kind of straw chopping and returning and clamping conveying-type machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (6), residual film case (13), road wheel (25), straw millstone, stalk conveying plant (7), residual Membrane recovery unit MRU and demoulding device, described draw-gear (1) is located at the straw millstone front side, stalk conveying plant (7) is located at the straw millstone rear side, tail slide carriage (8) is located at stalk conveying plant (7) rear side, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at the downside of stalk conveying plant (7), residual film case (13) is located at the rear side of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, and road wheel (25) is located on the frame (6).Described straw millstone is by cutter shaft (3), blade (4) and guard shield (5) are formed, above-mentioned blade (4) is located at cutter shaft (3) periphery, guard shield (5) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (3) and blade (4), described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is by skinning frame (14), grip block chain (15), grip block (16), clamping drive sprocket (10), clamping driven sprocket (24), chain support (17), carry band chain (18), conveyer belt (19), carry drive sprocket (12), carry driven sprocket (22), skinning tooth (20) and breast boards (23) are formed, above-mentioned grip block carrier chain is connected between clamping drive sprocket (10) and the clamping driven sprocket (24), grip block (16) is located on the grip block carrier chain, said conveyer belt chain (18) connects to be carried between drive sprocket (12) and the conveying driven sprocket (22), conveyer belt (19) is located on the grip block carrier chain, grip block (16) and grip block carrier chain are located at the upside of conveyer belt (19) and grip block carrier chain jointly, above-mentioned skinning frame (14) is located at conveyer belt (19) downside, above-mentioned skinning tooth (20) skinning frame (14) lower end, above-mentioned pull bar (21) is connected between skinning frame (14) lower end and the frame (6), skinning frame (14) upper end links with hinged mode and frame (6), above-mentioned breast boards (23) is located at carries driven sprocket (22) front side, described demoulding device is made up of blower fan (9) and air port (11), air port (11) communicates with blower fan (9) exhaust outlet, and air port (11) are located at and carry drive sprocket (12) upside.
Embodiment 2:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU grip block (16) is tooth.
Embodiment 3:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that the air port (11) of described demoulding device is located at conveying drive sprocket (12) downside.

Claims (3)

1. a straw chopping and returning and clamping conveying-type machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (6), residual film case (13), road wheel (25), straw millstone, stalk conveying plant (7), residual Membrane recovery unit MRU and demoulding device, described draw-gear (1) is located at the straw millstone front side, stalk conveying plant (7) is located at the straw millstone rear side, tail slide carriage (8) is located at stalk conveying plant (7) rear side, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at the downside of stalk conveying plant (7), residual film case (13) is located at the rear side of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, and road wheel (25) is located on the frame (6).Described straw millstone is by cutter shaft (3), blade (4) and guard shield (5) are formed, above-mentioned blade (4) is located at cutter shaft (3) periphery, guard shield (5) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (3) and blade (4), described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is by skinning frame (14), grip block chain (15), grip block (16), clamping drive sprocket (10), clamping driven sprocket (24), chain support (17), carry band chain (18), conveyer belt (19), carry drive sprocket (12), carry driven sprocket (22), skinning tooth (20) and breast boards (23) are formed, above-mentioned grip block carrier chain is connected between clamping drive sprocket (10) and the clamping driven sprocket (24), grip block (16) is located on the grip block carrier chain, said conveyer belt chain (18) connects to be carried between drive sprocket (12) and the conveying driven sprocket (22), conveyer belt (19) is located on the grip block carrier chain, grip block (16) and grip block carrier chain are located at the upside of conveyer belt (19) and grip block carrier chain jointly, above-mentioned skinning frame (14) is located at conveyer belt (19) downside, above-mentioned skinning tooth (20) skinning frame (14) lower end, above-mentioned pull bar (21) is connected between skinning frame (14) lower end and the frame (6), skinning frame (14) upper end links with hinged mode and frame (6), above-mentioned breast boards (23) is located at carries driven sprocket (22) front side, described demoulding device is made up of blower fan (9) and air port (11), air port (11) communicates with blower fan (9) exhaust outlet, and air port (11) are located at and carry drive sprocket (12) upside.
2. a kind of straw chopping and returning as claimed in claim 1 and clamping conveying-type machine for recovering broken film is characterized in that residual Membrane recovery unit MRU grip block (16) is tooth.
3. a kind of straw chopping and returning as claimed in claim 1 and clamping conveying-type machine for recovering broken film is characterized in that the air port (11) of demoulding device is located at conveying drive sprocket (12) downside.
CN201310182627.9A 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function Expired - Fee Related CN103283408B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201310182627.9A CN103283408B (en) 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104186218A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 中南林业科技大学 Grass seed block tearing method and device
CN104322165A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-02-04 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 Mulch recycling machine
CN104521422A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 石河子大学 Straw plucking harvester
CN105409362A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-23 新疆农垦科学院 Straw crushing and mulch recovering combined machine
CN106416597A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-22 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Trail-type straw crushing and returning used plastic film retrieval machine
CN107836738A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-27 芜湖市久鑫养殖有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly feed hay breaking machine
CN107852962A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-30 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device for being easy to input and output material
CN110431938A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-12 张朝书 Pinch formula used plastic collection device
CN111495758A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-07 石河子大学 Membrane rod separation method and device
CN112189438A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-08 江苏艾威机械制造有限公司 Straw returning and mulching film harvesting all-in-one machine
CN114223332A (en) * 2021-11-22 2022-03-25 吉林省农业科学院 Corn stalk turns over and buries still field device

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CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN102144439A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-10 石河子大学 Land preparation and residual plastic film recycling combined machine
CN102726136A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-17 石河子大学 Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US4796711A (en) * 1985-04-11 1989-01-10 Row Runner Corp. Of America Apparatus for removing plastic film from raised plant beds
CN2172943Y (en) * 1993-05-05 1994-08-03 新疆生产建设兵团农七师一二五团修造厂 Suction type waste plastic film recovering machine
CN101945571A (en) * 2007-12-17 2011-01-12 罗卡制造私人有限公司 The plastic film recover
CN201577307U (en) * 2010-01-08 2010-09-15 孙洪军 Soil removing mechanism of combined peanut harvester
CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN102144439A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-10 石河子大学 Land preparation and residual plastic film recycling combined machine
CN102726136A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-17 石河子大学 Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104186218A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 中南林业科技大学 Grass seed block tearing method and device
CN104322165A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-02-04 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 Mulch recycling machine
CN104521422A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 石河子大学 Straw plucking harvester
CN105409362A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-23 新疆农垦科学院 Straw crushing and mulch recovering combined machine
CN105409362B (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-10-31 新疆农垦科学院 Stalk crushes mulch film and reclaims combine
CN106416597A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-22 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Trail-type straw crushing and returning used plastic film retrieval machine
CN107836738A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-27 芜湖市久鑫养殖有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly feed hay breaking machine
CN107852962A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-30 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device for being easy to input and output material
CN110431938A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-12 张朝书 Pinch formula used plastic collection device
CN111495758A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-07 石河子大学 Membrane rod separation method and device
CN112189438A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-08 江苏艾威机械制造有限公司 Straw returning and mulching film harvesting all-in-one machine
CN114223332A (en) * 2021-11-22 2022-03-25 吉林省农业科学院 Corn stalk turns over and buries still field device

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