CN101422093B - Stalk crushing returning and residual plastic film recovery combined machine - Google Patents

Stalk crushing returning and residual plastic film recovery combined machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101422093B
CN101422093B CN200810072982XA CN200810072982A CN101422093B CN 101422093 B CN101422093 B CN 101422093B CN 200810072982X A CN200810072982X A CN 200810072982XA CN 200810072982 A CN200810072982 A CN 200810072982A CN 101422093 B CN101422093 B CN 101422093B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
residual
film
residual film
straw
returning
Prior art date
Application number
CN200810072982XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101422093A (en
Inventor
王吉奎
王卫兵
王序俭
张红艳
赵永满
张乃军
王止戈
李霞
温宝琴
曹肆林
Original Assignee
石河子大学
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Application filed by 石河子大学 filed Critical 石河子大学
Priority to CN200810072982XA priority Critical patent/CN101422093B/en
Publication of CN101422093A publication Critical patent/CN101422093A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101422093B publication Critical patent/CN101422093B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a machine used for the combined operation of chopping crop straws and returning farmland and recycling residual films on the ground surface. The machine comprises a traction unit (1), a transmission system (2), a frame (3), a residual film box (4), a land wheel (10), a scarifier tyne (11), a straw chopping device and a residual film recycling device; the straw chopping device consists of a reciprocating cutterbar (13), a transverse conveying belt (12), a disc type chopper (14), a protection hood (16) and a transmission device; wherein, the residual film recycling device is arranged at the back of the residual film box and consists of a chain harrow (6), an elastic gear (7) for raking the film, a bottom board (9) and a feeler wheel (8); a gear rod (5) is arranged on the chain harrow, and the elastic gear (7) for raking the film is arranged at the back side of the residual film recycling device. The machine can finish the two operations of returning the straws to the farmland and recycling the residual films, has the advantages of high operation speed, clean residual film recycling, small energy consumption and film-rod separation; moreover, the residual films are hard to twist working parts; therefore, the demands of chopping the straws and recycling the residual films can be met.

Description

A kind of straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim combine
Technical field
The present invention relates to the residual film in a kind of field-crop straw chopping and returning and the face of land and reclaim the machinery of operation, especially a kind of straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim combine.
Background technology
At present, because the large tracts of land of film-mulching cultivation technique is promoted the use of, the farmland is subjected to residual film seriously polluted, for solving residual membrane pollution problem, develop multiple machine for recovering broken film both at home and abroad, belonging to straw chopping and returning and residual film recovery combine has the residual film of 4JSM-1800 to reclaim combine and 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine, the facility that only are used to reclaim residual film have MSM-3 type machine for recovering broken film in seedling stage and MS-2 type corn film gatherer in seedling stage, be used to gather in the crops back receipts film 1ZSM-800 type machine for recovering broken film is arranged, 1MC-70 type plastic film residue and stubble collecting machine, 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine and QS-2 type machine for recovering broken film, the machinery that is used for the residual film recovery of seedbed preparation has ISM-5 type solid matter elastic claw type machine for recovering broken film.In addition, there are the tooth-like machine for recovering broken film of expansion link, shovel to play a batch machine for recovering broken film, gear tooth-type machine for recovering broken film, toothed-chain type machine for recovering broken film again by the film retrieving collector operation principle.
Above straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim combine and mainly use vertical shaft type flail knife or horizontal shaft type flail knife crushing straw, reclaim residual film with " shovel " or " tooth-like " mechanism that is installed in before the residual film case, this operating type crushing straw energy consumption is higher, and it is lower that residual film reclaims operating speed, the crushed stalk operating speed is higher, the two speed does not match, and causes the complete machine operating efficiency to descend, and residual film easily twines receipts film workpiece.Be the preferably opportunity of reclaiming residual film behind the crop harvesting, because there is stalk in the field, it is bigger to reclaim residual film difficulty merely, and therefore, not only the combine of straw chopping and returning but also recyclable residual film was significant but develop a kind of effect height.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of operating speed height, energy consumption low, but the not only work tool of straw chopping and returning but also recyclable residual film.
The present invention relates to a kind of straw chopping and returning and residual film and reclaim combine, comprise draw-gear, transmission system, frame, residual film case, land wheel, the bar tooth loosens the soil, straw millstone and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, it is characterized in that straw millstone is located at residual film case front, this straw millstone is by reciprocating cutterbar, transverse onveyer, the disc type chopper, guard shield and transmission device are formed, described reciprocating cutterbar is below straw millstone, described transverse onveyer is above above-mentioned reciprocating cutterbar, be provided with the disc type chopper in transverse onveyer one side, this chopper is provided with cutterhead, described guard shield is located at the outside of above-mentioned disc type chopper, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at residual film case back, one end is connected side entrance on the residual film case, one end contacts with ground, this residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is by the chain tooth harrow, hug the film elastic claw, base plate and contour wheel are formed, on the above-mentioned chain tooth harrow ratch is arranged, the described film elastic claw of hugging is located at the end rear side that residual Membrane recovery unit MRU contacts with ground, described base plate is at the downside of chain tooth harrow, base plate and above-mentioned ratch have certain interval, above-mentioned ground contour wheel is installed in residual film reclamation film device contacts an end with ground downside, contour wheel contacts with ground during work, and supporting residual Membrane recovery unit MRU lower end, the described bar tooth that loosens the soil is located at the front portion of residual film case.
The cutterhead of described disc type chopper can be circular saw bit, also can be the flying knife sheet.
The described bar tooth that loosens the soil can be for a plurality of.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows: tractor links by draw-gear and facility of the present invention, tractor motive power output shaft links by the transmission system of power transmission shaft and facility of the present invention, tractor can drive straw millstone and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU work by above-mentioned transmission system, and tractor and facility of the present invention are formed the operation unit.During operation, unit advances along the crop seedling is capable, the reciprocating cutterbar of straw millstone bottom cuts off crops straw from root, cut off crops straw and be delivered to the side of straw millstone by the disc type chopper by transverse onveyer, the crops straw that the blade of high speed rotating is come conveying on the disc type chopper cuts off to be pulverized, and under the effect of blocking of guard shield, the stalk of chopping is fallen operation unit one side, simultaneously, the bar tooth that loosens the soil pick pine is pressed in the soil block on the residual film, transmission system drives residual Membrane recovery unit MRU work, chain tooth harrow on the residual Membrane recovery unit MRU rolls, when the ratch on the chain tooth harrow rotates through ground successively continuously, the residual film on ground is provoked, be transported to residual film case in the gap of residual film between ratch and base plate of provoking, the residual film that the ratch leakage is received on the ground can be hugged the film elastic claw and hugged, and is delivered to residual film case by the chain tooth harrow.Can regulate distance between ratch and the ground by the height of regulating contour wheel, regulate the purpose of receiving film-strength to reach.
The present invention has the operating speed height, the recovery of residual film is clean, energy consumption is little, can realize the advantage that the film bar separates, residual film is difficult for twining workpiece, can satisfy crushing straw and the requirement of reclaiming residual film.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of straw millstone.
Indicating 1 among the figure is draw-gear, and 2 is transmission system, and 3 is frame, 4 is residual film case, and 5 is ratch, and 6 is the chain tooth harrow, 7 for hugging the film elastic claw, and 8 is contour wheel, and 9 is base plate, 10 is land wheel, and 11 are the bar tooth that loosens the soil, and 12 is transverse onveyer, 13 is reciprocating cutterbar, 14 is the disc type chopper, and 15 is cutterhead, and 16 is guard shield.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, be the embodiment that a straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim combine, comprise draw-gear 1, transmission system 2, frame 3, residual film case 4, land wheel 10, bar tooth 11 loosens the soil, straw millstone and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, straw millstone is located at residual film case front, this straw millstone is by reciprocating cutterbar 13, transverse onveyer 12, disc type chopper 14, guard shield 16 and transmission device are formed, reciprocating cutterbar 13 is below described straw millstone, described transverse onveyer 12 is above reciprocating cutterbar 13, be provided with disc type chopper 14 in transverse onveyer 12 1 sides, this disc type chopper is provided with cutterhead 15, described guard shield 16 is located at the outside of above-mentioned disc type chopper 14, described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at residual film case back, one end is connected side entrance on the residual film case, one end contacts with ground, this residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is by chain tooth harrow 6, hug film elastic claw 7, base plate 9 and contour wheel 8 are formed, on the above-mentioned chain tooth harrow ratch 5 is arranged, the described film elastic claw 7 of hugging is located at the end rear side that residual Membrane recovery unit MRU contacts with ground, described base plate 9 is at the downside of chain tooth harrow 6, above-mentioned ground contour wheel 8 is installed in residual film reclamation film device contacts an end with ground downside, and the described bar tooth 11 that loosens the soil is located at the front portion of residual film case 4.
Embodiment 2:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that described contour wheel 8 is supporting plate.
Embodiment 3:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is in front side, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU upper end the demoulding device is arranged.

Claims (4)

1. a straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim combine, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (3), residual film case (4), land wheel (10), bar tooth (11) loosens the soil, straw millstone and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, it is characterized in that straw millstone is located at residual film case front, this straw millstone is by reciprocating cutterbar (13), transverse onveyer (12), disc type chopper (14), guard shield (16) and transmission device are formed, reciprocating cutterbar (13) is below described straw millstone, described transverse onveyer (12) is in the top of reciprocating cutterbar (13), be provided with disc type chopper (14) in transverse onveyer (12) one sides, this disc type chopper is provided with cutterhead (15), described guard shield (16) is located at the outside of above-mentioned disc type chopper (14), described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at residual film case back, one end is connected side entrance on the residual film case, one end contacts with ground, this residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is by chain tooth harrow (6), hug film elastic claw (7), base plate (9) and contour wheel (8) are formed, ratch (5) is arranged on the above-mentioned chain tooth harrow, the described film elastic claw (7) of hugging is located at the end rear side that residual Membrane recovery unit MRU contacts with ground, described base plate (9) is at the downside of chain tooth harrow (6), above-mentioned ground contour wheel (8) is installed in residual Membrane recovery unit MRU contacts an end with ground downside, and the described bar tooth (11) that loosens the soil is located at the front portion of residual film case (4).
2. a kind of straw chopping and returning as claimed in claim 1 and residual film reclaim combine, it is characterized in that contour wheel is replaceable to be supporting plate.
3. a kind of straw chopping and returning as claimed in claim 1 and residual film reclaim combine, and the cutterhead that it is characterized in that the disc type chopper is a circular saw bit.
4. a kind of straw chopping and returning as claimed in claim 1 and residual film reclaim combine, it is characterized in that front side, residual Membrane recovery unit MRU upper end is provided with the demoulding device.
CN200810072982XA 2008-10-28 2008-10-28 Stalk crushing returning and residual plastic film recovery combined machine CN101422093B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810072982XA CN101422093B (en) 2008-10-28 2008-10-28 Stalk crushing returning and residual plastic film recovery combined machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810072982XA CN101422093B (en) 2008-10-28 2008-10-28 Stalk crushing returning and residual plastic film recovery combined machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101422093A CN101422093A (en) 2009-05-06
CN101422093B true CN101422093B (en) 2010-12-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200810072982XA CN101422093B (en) 2008-10-28 2008-10-28 Stalk crushing returning and residual plastic film recovery combined machine

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CN (1) CN101422093B (en)

Families Citing this family (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101816225B (en) * 2010-03-29 2011-10-05 新疆农垦科学院 Chain-and-harrow type farmland residual film pick-up machine
CN101822138B (en) * 2010-03-29 2011-08-10 新疆农垦科学院 Chain harrow type farmland incomplete film-recovering machine
CN102144438B (en) * 2010-12-28 2013-03-20 石河子大学 Clamping type residual membrane recovering machine
CN102144439A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-10 石河子大学 Land preparation and residual plastic film recycling combined machine
CN102550222B (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-10-30 高银锋 Trickle irrigation tape harvester
CN103004309B (en) * 2013-01-09 2015-03-18 中国农业大学 Test bench for film picking and unloading mechanism for residual film recovery
CN103404259A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-11-27 山东棉花研究中心 Residual film cleaning and straw returning all-in-one machine for cotton fields
CN103650675B (en) * 2013-12-23 2015-11-04 新疆科神农业装备科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of rear-mounted stalk disintegrating residual film recovery combine machine
CN103801513B (en) * 2014-02-17 2015-07-08 石河子大学 Pepper and used plastic film separation device
CN104604376A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-05-13 新疆农垦科学院 Combined machine capable of conveying straws back to field and recycling plastic film residue
CN104521422B (en) * 2014-12-04 2017-08-25 石河子大学 Stalk rises and pulls out cropper
CN105557201A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-11 王川江 Field straw smashing granulator and use method

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Granted publication date: 20101208

Termination date: 20121028