CN102726136B - Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine - Google Patents

Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102726136B
CN102726136B CN201210241660.XA CN201210241660A CN102726136B CN 102726136 B CN102726136 B CN 102726136B CN 201210241660 A CN201210241660 A CN 201210241660A CN 102726136 B CN102726136 B CN 102726136B
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China
Prior art keywords
straw
frame
film
skinning
film residue
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210241660.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102726136A (en
Inventor
王吉奎
张红艳
胡凯
李斌
蒋蓓
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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Priority to CN201210241660.XA priority Critical patent/CN102726136B/en
Publication of CN102726136A publication Critical patent/CN102726136A/en
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Publication of CN102726136B publication Critical patent/CN102726136B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to a novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine comprising a traction device (1), a transmission system (2), a frame (20), a film residue box (10), a land wheel (19), a straw smashing device, a straw feeding device and a film residue recycling device, wherein the straw smashing device is composed of a cutter shaft (5), a blade (4) and a shield (3); the straw feeding device is composed of a straw conveying chain (6), a scraper (7), a base plate (8) and a tail plate (9); the film residue recycling device is composed of a film residue feeding chain (15), a film scraper (16), a film lifting rack and a suspension rod (17); and the film lifting rack is composed of a film lifting tooth (18), a grid bar (14), a frame (13) and a slide rail (12). The novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine is simple in structure, high in operation speed, good in ground profiling capability, clean in film residue recycling, and low in impurity content in the recycled film residue; besides, the film residue is not easy to intertwine around a working component; and therefore, the machine is capable of meeting the requirements of straw smashing and film residue recycling.

Description

New type straw grinding and machine for recovering broken film
Technical field
The present invention relates to the machinery of field-crop straw chopping and returning and earth's surface used plastic collection operation after a kind of crop harvesting, especially a kind of New type straw grinding and machine for recovering broken film.
Background technology
At present, because the spread of film-mulching cultivation technique uses, farmland is serious by residual fouling membrane, for solving residual membrane pollution problem, develop multiple machine for recovering broken film both at home and abroad, belong to straw chopping and returning and residual film recovery combine machine has 4JSM-1800 residual film recovery combine machine and 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine, facility only for reclaiming residual film have MSM-3 type machine for recovering broken film in seedling stage and MS-2 type Maize at Seedling Stage film gatherer, and the type for gathering in the crops rear winder has 1ZSM-800 type machine for recovering broken film, 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine and QS-2 type machine for recovering broken film.In addition, have again the tooth-like machine for recovering broken film of expansion link by film retrieving collector operation principle, shovel play a batch machine for recovering broken film, gear tooth-type machine for recovering broken film, toothed-chain type machine for recovering broken film.
The stalk that above straw chopping and returning and residual film recovery combine machine are pulverized can not effectively be separated with the due-in residual film in earth's surface, and make in the residual film of recovery large containing stalk amount, operating efficiency is low; Existing results " shovel " or " tooth-like " mechanism before being arranged on residual film case reclaims residual film, and residual film is easily wound around winder workpiece, affects used plastic collection operation.The mulch film used then after crop harvesting has certain intensity, and exposed on earth's surface in flakes, is the preferably period that machinery reclaims residual film.But because after crop harvesting, field exists stalk, simple to reclaim residual film difficulty comparatively large, and field remains stalk usually does straw chopping and returning process.Therefore, develop a kind of operating efficiency high, not only can straw chopping and returning can but also the work tool of recyclable residual film significant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of one-stop operation not only can straw chopping and returning but also the facility of recyclable residual film, the stalk pulverized after this facility operation and residual UF membrane, has that operating efficiency is high, used plastic collection clean and reclaim the features such as impurity content in residual film is few.
The present invention relates to a kind of New type straw grinding and machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear, transmission system, frame, residual film case, land wheel, straw millstone, straw conveyor and used plastic collection device, it is characterized in that draw-gear is located on front side of straw millstone, straw conveyor is located on rear side of straw millstone, used plastic collection device is located at the downside of straw conveyor, residual film case is located at the rear side of used plastic collection device, land wheel is located in frame, described straw millstone is by cutter shaft, blade and guard shield composition, insert is located at cutter shaft periphery, guard shield is located at the outside of cutter shaft and blade, described straw conveyor is by stalk carrier chain, scraper plate, base plate and tailgate composition, above-mentioned scraper plate is located on stalk carrier chain, base plate is located on the downside of stalk carrier chain and scraper plate, tailgate is located at base plate rear end, described used plastic collection device is by residual film carrier chain, scrape lamina membranacea, skinning frame and suspension rod composition, above-mentioned lamina membranacea of scraping is located on residual film carrier chain, skinning is erected at residual film carrier chain and scrapes on the downside of lamina membranacea, described skinning frame is by skinning tooth, grizzly bar, framework and slideway composition, above-mentioned skinning tooth is located at the lower end of framework, grizzly bar is located at the upside of framework, slideway is located on the downside of back-end framework, described skinning frame lower end is connected in frame by described suspension rod, skinning frame upper end is by slideway and be located at pin shaft joint in frame in frame.
It can be soft board that described used plastic collection device scrapes lamina membranacea, also can be hardboard.
Described used plastic collection device suspension rod can be an interface in frame, also can be multiple interface.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows: tractor is connected by draw-gear and facility of the present invention, tractor motive power output shaft is connected by the transmission system of power transmission shaft and facility of the present invention, tractor drives the work of straw millstone, straw conveyor and used plastic collection device by above-mentioned transmission system, and tractor and facility of the present invention form Complete working unit.During operation, unit is along the capable advance of crop seedling, gyration done by the cutter shaft band knife section of straw millstone, crops straw is smashed by blade, the stalk smashed is shed to straw conveyor under the effect of guard shield, scraper plate moves along base plate under the drive of stalk carrier chain, scraper plate by the stalk shed along base plate scraping delivery to tailgate, then stalk is slipped on the ground on rear side of residual film case along tailgate, simultaneously, the skinning tooth of used plastic collection device enters the surface soil after crushed stalk, the residual film in earth's surface is collected on the upside of skinning tooth, residual film carrier chain drives knifing plate to move along skinning tooth and grizzly bar, scraping lamina membranacea is delivered on the upside of used plastic collection case by the residual film on skinning tooth along grizzly bar, then, residual film falls under gravity into residual film case.During operation, by slideway movement on bearing pin, skinning frame can guarantee that skinning tooth contacts with the effective of ground, and skinning tooth can be prevented because of stressed excessive and damage.Pressure on grizzly bar and skinning tooth penetrating moment is acted on, to reach the object regulating winder intensity by regulating the interface of suspension rod in frame and the adjustable lamina membranacea of scraping of length of boom.
The present invention has that structure is simple, operating speed is high, ground profiling is good, used plastic collection is clean, the also assorted amount that to reclaim in residual film is little and the advantage of residual film not easily winding work parts, can meet the requirement of crushing straw and used plastic collection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is structural representation of the present invention.
Indicating 1 in figure is draw-gear, and 2 is transmission system, and 3 is guard shield, and 4 is blade, 5 is cutter shaft, and 6 is stalk carrier chain, and 7 is scraper plate, and 8 is base plate, 9 is tailgate, and 10 is residual film case, and 11 is bearing pin, 12 is slideway, and 13 is framework, and 14 is grizzly bar, 15 is residual film carrier chain, and 16 for scraping lamina membranacea, and 17 is suspension rod, 18 is skinning tooth, and 19 is land wheel, and 20 is frame.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1, for the embodiment of a kind of New type straw grinding and machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (20), residual film case (10), land wheel (19), straw millstone, straw conveyor and used plastic collection device, described draw-gear (1) is located on front side of straw millstone, straw conveyor is located on rear side of straw millstone, used plastic collection device is located at the downside of straw conveyor, residual film case (10) is located at the rear side of used plastic collection device, land wheel (19) is located in frame (20), described straw millstone is by cutter shaft (5), blade (4) and guard shield (3) composition, insert (4) is located at cutter shaft (5) periphery, guard shield (3) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (5) and blade (4), described straw conveyor is by stalk carrier chain (6), scraper plate (7), base plate (8) and tailgate (9) composition, above-mentioned scraper plate (7) is located on stalk carrier chain (6), base plate (8) is located at stalk carrier chain (6) and scraper plate (7) downside, tailgate (9) is located at base plate (8) rear end, described used plastic collection device is by residual film carrier chain (15), scrape lamina membranacea (16), skinning frame and suspension rod (17) composition, skinning frame is by skinning tooth (18), grizzly bar (14), framework (13) and slideway (12) composition, above-mentioned lamina membranacea (16) of scraping is located on residual film carrier chain (15), skinning is erected at residual film carrier chain (15) and scrapes lamina membranacea (16) downside, above-mentioned skinning tooth (18) is located at the lower end of framework (13), grizzly bar (14) is located at the upside of framework (13), slideway (12) is located on the downside of framework (13) rear end, described skinning frame lower end is connected in frame (20) by suspension rod (17), skinning frame upper end is connected in frame (20) by slideway (12) and the bearing pin (11) be located in frame (20).
Embodiment 2:
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that described lamina membranacea (16) of scraping is soft board.
Embodiment 3:
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that suspension rod (17) can be multiple interface in frame (20).

Claims (3)

1. a New type straw grinding and machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (20), residual film case (10), land wheel (19), straw millstone, straw conveyor and used plastic collection device, it is characterized in that draw-gear (1) is located on front side of straw millstone, straw conveyor is located on rear side of straw millstone, used plastic collection device is located at the downside of straw conveyor, residual film case (10) is located at the rear side of used plastic collection device, land wheel (19) is located in frame (20), described straw millstone is by cutter shaft (5), blade (4) and guard shield (3) composition, insert (4) is located at cutter shaft (5) periphery, guard shield (3) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (5) and blade (4), described straw conveyor is by stalk carrier chain (6), scraper plate (7), base plate (8) and tailgate (9) composition, above-mentioned scraper plate (7) is located on stalk carrier chain (6), base plate (8) is located at stalk carrier chain (6) and scraper plate (7) downside, tailgate (9) is located at base plate (8) rear end, described used plastic collection device is by residual film carrier chain (15), scrape lamina membranacea (16), skinning frame and suspension rod (17) composition, skinning frame is by skinning tooth (18), grizzly bar (14), framework (13) and slideway (12) composition, above-mentioned lamina membranacea (16) of scraping is located on residual film carrier chain (15), skinning is erected at residual film carrier chain (15) and scrapes lamina membranacea (16) downside, above-mentioned skinning tooth (18) is located at the lower end of framework (13), grizzly bar (14) is located at the upside of framework (13), slideway (12) is located on the downside of framework (13) rear end, skinning frame lower end is connected in frame (20) by suspension rod (17), described skinning frame upper end is connected in frame (20) by slideway (12) and the bearing pin (11) be located in frame (20).
2. a kind of New type straw grinding as claimed in claim 1 and machine for recovering broken film, it is characterized in that used plastic collection device scrapes lamina membranacea is soft board.
3. a kind of New type straw grinding as claimed in claim 1 and machine for recovering broken film, is characterized in that used plastic collection device suspension rod is multiple interface in frame.
CN201210241660.XA 2012-07-13 2012-07-13 Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine Expired - Fee Related CN102726136B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210241660.XA CN102726136B (en) 2012-07-13 2012-07-13 Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210241660.XA CN102726136B (en) 2012-07-13 2012-07-13 Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine

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CN102726136A CN102726136A (en) 2012-10-17
CN102726136B true CN102726136B (en) 2014-12-24

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283408B (en) * 2013-05-17 2015-06-17 石河子大学 Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function
CN103650675B (en) * 2013-12-23 2015-11-04 新疆科神农业装备科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of rear-mounted stalk disintegrating residual film recovery combine machine
CN103650678B (en) * 2013-12-23 2015-09-16 新疆科神农业装备科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of Split type residual film recovery combine machine
CN104604376A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-05-13 新疆农垦科学院 Combined machine capable of conveying straws back to field and recycling plastic film residue
CN104160826A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-26 石河子大学 Straw pulling-out and plastic film residue recycling combined machine
CN104521422B (en) * 2014-12-04 2017-08-25 石河子大学 Stalk rises and pulls out cropper
CN104663018B (en) * 2015-04-23 2017-05-03 李玉峙 Anti-winding device for sower
CN105145001A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-12-16 新疆农垦科学院 Stem crushing and mulching film recovery operation machine
CN105519271B (en) * 2016-02-04 2017-08-29 张德兵 Take off mulch film machine

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2862649Y (en) * 2005-07-14 2007-01-31 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Combine for crushing straw to feed back field and recovering residual membrane
CN200980239Y (en) * 2006-12-12 2007-11-28 新疆农垦科学院农机研究所 Remnant film recovering and straw disintegrating and returning to field combined working machine
CN201467649U (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-05-19 石河子大学 Straw disintegration farmland returning and residual film reclaiming combined operation machine
CN201629961U (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-11-17 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Residual film reclaimer
CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN102144438A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-10 石河子大学 Clamping type residual membrane recovering machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2862649Y (en) * 2005-07-14 2007-01-31 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Combine for crushing straw to feed back field and recovering residual membrane
CN200980239Y (en) * 2006-12-12 2007-11-28 新疆农垦科学院农机研究所 Remnant film recovering and straw disintegrating and returning to field combined working machine
CN201467649U (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-05-19 石河子大学 Straw disintegration farmland returning and residual film reclaiming combined operation machine
CN201629961U (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-11-17 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Residual film reclaimer
CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN102144438A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-10 石河子大学 Clamping type residual membrane recovering machine

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Granted publication date: 20141224

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