CN102726136A - Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine - Google Patents

Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102726136A
CN102726136A CN201210241660XA CN201210241660A CN102726136A CN 102726136 A CN102726136 A CN 102726136A CN 201210241660X A CN201210241660X A CN 201210241660XA CN 201210241660 A CN201210241660 A CN 201210241660A CN 102726136 A CN102726136 A CN 102726136A
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China
Prior art keywords
film
frame
straw
residual
skinning
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Application number
CN201210241660XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102726136B (en
Inventor
王吉奎
张红艳
胡凯
李斌
蒋蓓
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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Publication of CN102726136B publication Critical patent/CN102726136B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine comprising a traction device (1), a transmission system (2), a frame (20), a film residue box (10), a land wheel (19), a straw smashing device, a straw feeding device and a film residue recycling device, wherein the straw smashing device is composed of a cutter shaft (5), a blade (4) and a shield (3); the straw feeding device is composed of a straw conveying chain (6), a scraper (7), a base plate (8) and a tail plate (9); the film residue recycling device is composed of a film residue feeding chain (15), a film scraper (16), a film lifting rack and a suspension rod (17); and the film lifting rack is composed of a film lifting tooth (18), a grid bar (14), a frame (13) and a slide rail (12). The novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine is simple in structure, high in operation speed, good in ground profiling capability, clean in film residue recycling, and low in impurity content in the recycled film residue; besides, the film residue is not easy to intertwine around a working component; and therefore, the machine is capable of meeting the requirements of straw smashing and film residue recycling.

Description

Novel straw is pulverized and machine for recovering broken film
Technical field
The residual film of the field-crop straw chopping and returning and the face of land reclaims the machinery of operation after the present invention relates to a kind of crop harvesting, and especially a kind of novel straw is pulverized and machine for recovering broken film.
Background technology
At present; Because the large tracts of land of film-mulching cultivation technique is promoted the use of; The farmland receives residual film seriously polluted; For solving residual membrane pollution problem, develop multiple machine for recovering broken film both at home and abroad, belonging to straw chopping and returning and residual film recovery combine has the residual film of 4JSM-1800 to reclaim combine and 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine; The facility that only are used to reclaim residual film have MSM-3 type machine for recovering broken film in seedling stage and MS-2 type corn film gatherer in seedling stage, and being used to gather in the crops the type of receiving film in the back has 1ZSM-800 type machine for recovering broken film, 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine and QS-2 type machine for recovering broken film.In addition, there are the tooth-like machine for recovering broken film of expansion link, shovel to play a batch machine for recovering broken film, gear tooth-type machine for recovering broken film, toothed-chain type machine for recovering broken film again by the film retrieving collector operation principle.
Above straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim the stalk that combine pulverizes can not effectively be separated with the due-in residual film in the face of land, makes that to contain the stalk amount in the residual film of recovery big, and operating efficiency is low; Existing results reclaim residual film with being installed in preceding " shovel " or " tooth-like " mechanism of residual film case, and residual film is prone to twine receives the film workpiece, influences residual film and reclaims operation.The mulch film that uses then behind the crop harvesting has certain intensity, and exposes in flakes on the face of land, is the preferably period that machinery reclaims residual film.But because there is stalk in the field behind the crop harvesting, it is bigger to reclaim residual film difficulty merely, and the residual stalk in field is done the straw chopping and returning processing usually.Therefore, it is high to develop a kind of operating efficiency, but not only straw chopping and returning can but also the work tool of recyclable residual film significant.
Summary of the invention
But the object of the invention is to provide the not only facility of straw chopping and returning but also recyclable residual film of a kind of one-stop operation, and the stalk of pulverizing after this facility operation separates with residual film, has the operating efficiency height, residual film reclaims clean and reclaim in the residual film characteristics such as impurity content is few.
The present invention relates to a kind of novel straw and pulverize and machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear, transmission system, frame, residual film case, land wheel, straw millstone, stalk conveying plant and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, it is characterized in that draw-gear is located at the straw millstone front side; The stalk conveying plant is located at the straw millstone rear side, and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at the downside of stalk conveying plant, and residual film case is located at the rear side of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU; Land wheel is located on the frame, and described straw millstone is made up of cutter shaft, blade and guard shield, and above-mentioned blade is located at the cutter shaft periphery; Guard shield is located at the outside of cutter shaft and blade; Described stalk conveying plant is made up of stalk carrier chain, scraper plate, base plate and tailgate, and above-mentioned scraper plate is located on the stalk carrier chain, and base plate is located at stalk carrier chain and scraper plate downside; Tailgate is located at base plate rear end; Described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU by residual film carrier chain, scrape lamina membranacea, skinning frame and suspension rod and form, the above-mentioned lamina membranacea of scraping is located on the residual film carrier chain, skinning is erected at residual film carrier chain and scrapes the lamina membranacea downside; Described skinning frame is made up of skinning tooth, grizzly bar, framework and slideway; Above-mentioned skinning tooth is located at the lower end of framework, and grizzly bar is located at the upside of framework, and slideway is located at the back-end framework downside; Described skinning frame lower end is connected on the frame through described suspension rod, and skinning frame upper end is connected on the frame through slideway and the bearing pin that is located on the frame.
Described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is scraped lamina membranacea can be soft board, also can be hardboard.
Described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU suspension rod can be an interface on frame, also can be a plurality of interfaces.
The course of work of the present invention is following: tractor links through draw-gear and facility of the present invention; Tractor motive power output shaft links through the transmission system of power transmission shaft and facility of the present invention; Tractor can drive straw millstone, stalk conveying plant and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU work through above-mentioned transmission system, and tractor and facility of the present invention are formed the operation unit.During operation, unit advances along the crop seedling is capable, and the cutter shaft of straw millstone drives blade and does gyration; Blade is smashed crops straw, and the stalk of smashing is shed to the stalk conveying plant under the effect of guard shield, and scraper plate is the base plate motion in the drive lower edge of stalk carrier chain; To tailgate, stalk is slipped on the ground of residual film case rear side, simultaneously the stalk that scraper plate will be shed along tailgate then along the base plate scraping delivery; The skinning tooth of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU gets into the surface soil after the crushed stalk; The residual film in the face of land is collected in skinning tooth upside, and residual film carrier chain drives the knifing plate and moves along skinning tooth and grizzly bar, scrapes lamina membranacea the residual film on the skinning tooth is delivered to residual film collection box upside along grizzly bar; Then, residual film falls under gravity into residual film case.The skinning frame moves on bearing pin through slideway and can guarantee that the skinning tooth contacts with the effective of ground during operation, and can prevent that the skinning tooth is because of stressed excessive the damage.Act on pressure and skinning tooth on the grizzly bar moment of burying through regulating suspension rod at the adjustable lamina membranacea of scraping of interface on the frame and length of boom, to reach the purpose of adjusting receipts film-strength.
That the present invention has is simple in structure, operating speed is high, good, the residual film of ground profiling property reclaim clean, reclaim the advantage that the little and residual film of also assorted amount is difficult for twining workpiece in the residual film, can satisfy the requirement that crushing straw and residual film reclaim.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is a structural representation of the present invention.
Indicating 1 among the figure is draw-gear, and 2 is transmission system, and 3 is guard shield, and 4 is blade, and 5 is cutter shaft; 6 is the stalk carrier chain, and 7 is scraper plate, and 8 is base plate, and 9 is tailgate, and 10 is residual film case; 11 is bearing pin, and 12 is slideway, and 13 is framework, and 14 is grizzly bar, and 15 is residual film carrier chain; 16 for scraping lamina membranacea, and 17 is suspension rod, and 18 is the skinning tooth, and 19 is land wheel, and 20 is frame.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1,, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (20), residual film case (10), land wheel (19), straw millstone, stalk conveying plant and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU for the embodiment of a kind of novel straw pulverizing with machine for recovering broken film; Described draw-gear (1) is located at the straw millstone front side, and the stalk conveying plant is located at the straw millstone rear side, and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at the downside of stalk conveying plant; Residual film case (10) is located at the rear side of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU; Land wheel (19) is located on the frame (20), and described straw millstone is made up of cutter shaft (5), blade (4) and guard shield (3), and above-mentioned blade (4) is located at cutter shaft (5) periphery; Guard shield (3) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (5) and blade (4); Described stalk conveying plant is made up of stalk carrier chain (6), scraper plate (7), base plate (8) and tailgate (9), and above-mentioned scraper plate (7) is located on the stalk carrier chain (6), and base plate (8) is located at stalk carrier chain (6) and scraper plate (7) downside; Tailgate (9) is located at base plate (8) rear end; Described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU by residual film carrier chain (15), scrape lamina membranacea (16), skinning frame and suspension rod (17) and form, the skinning frame is made up of skinning tooth (18), grizzly bar (14), framework (13) and slideway (12), the above-mentioned lamina membranacea (16) of scraping is located on the residual film carrier chain (15); Skinning is erected at residual film carrier chain (15) and scrapes lamina membranacea (16) downside; Above-mentioned skinning tooth (18) is located at the lower end of framework (13), and grizzly bar (14) is located at the upside of framework (13), and slideway (12) is located at framework (13) rear end downside; Described skinning frame lower end is connected on the frame (20) through suspension rod (17), and skinning frame upper end is connected on the frame (20) through slideway (12) and the bearing pin (11) that is located on the frame (20).
Embodiment 2:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that the described lamina membranacea (16) of scraping is a soft board.
Embodiment 3:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that suspension rod (17) can be a plurality of interfaces on frame (20).

Claims (3)

1. a novel straw is pulverized and machine for recovering broken film, comprises draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (20), residual film case (10), land wheel (19), straw millstone, stalk conveying plant and residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, it is characterized in that draw-gear (1) is located at the straw millstone front side; The stalk conveying plant is located at the straw millstone rear side; Residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is located at the downside of stalk conveying plant, and residual film case (10) is located at the rear side of residual Membrane recovery unit MRU, and land wheel (19) is located on the frame (20); Described straw millstone is made up of cutter shaft (5), blade (4) and guard shield (3); Above-mentioned blade (4) is located at cutter shaft (5) periphery, and guard shield (3) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (5) and blade (4), and described stalk conveying plant is made up of stalk carrier chain (6), scraper plate (7), base plate (8) and tailgate (9); Above-mentioned scraper plate (7) is located on the stalk carrier chain (6); Base plate (8) is located at stalk carrier chain (6) and scraper plate (7) downside, and tailgate (9) is located at base plate (8) rear end, described residual Membrane recovery unit MRU by residual film carrier chain (15), scrape lamina membranacea (16), skinning frame and suspension rod (17) and form; The skinning frame is made up of skinning tooth (18), grizzly bar (14), framework (13) and slideway (12); The above-mentioned lamina membranacea (16) of scraping is located on the residual film carrier chain (15), and skinning is erected at residual film carrier chain (15) and scrapes lamina membranacea (16) downside, and above-mentioned skinning tooth (18) is located at the lower end of framework (13); Grizzly bar (14) is located at the upside of framework (13); Slideway (12) is located at framework (13) rear end downside, and skinning frame lower end is connected on the frame (20) through suspension rod (17), and described skinning frame upper end is connected on the frame (20) through slideway (12) and the bearing pin (11) that is located on the frame (20).
2. a kind of novel straw as claimed in claim 1 is pulverized and machine for recovering broken film, it is characterized in that it is soft board that residual Membrane recovery unit MRU is scraped lamina membranacea.
3. a kind of novel straw as claimed in claim 1 is pulverized and machine for recovering broken film, it is characterized in that residual Membrane recovery unit MRU suspension rod is a plurality of interfaces on frame.
CN201210241660.XA 2012-07-13 2012-07-13 Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine Expired - Fee Related CN102726136B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102726136B CN102726136B (en) 2014-12-24

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283408A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-09-11 石河子大学 Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function
CN103650678A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-03-26 新疆科神农业装备科技开发有限公司 Split type residual film recovery combine machine
CN103650675A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-03-26 新疆科神农业装备科技开发有限公司 Rear straw smashing and plastic film residue recycling combined machine
CN104160826A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-26 石河子大学 Straw pulling-out and plastic film residue recycling combined machine
CN104521422A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 石河子大学 Straw plucking harvester
CN104604376A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-05-13 新疆农垦科学院 Combined machine capable of conveying straws back to field and recycling plastic film residue
CN104663018A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-06-03 李玉峙 Anti-winding device for sower
CN105145001A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-12-16 新疆农垦科学院 Stem crushing and mulching film recovery operation machine
CN105519271A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-04-27 张德兵 Mulching film uncovering machine

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112189438A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-08 江苏艾威机械制造有限公司 Straw returning and mulching film harvesting all-in-one machine

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CN2862649Y (en) * 2005-07-14 2007-01-31 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Combine for crushing straw to feed back field and recovering residual membrane
CN200980239Y (en) * 2006-12-12 2007-11-28 新疆农垦科学院农机研究所 Remnant film recovering and straw disintegrating and returning to field combined working machine
CN201467649U (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-05-19 石河子大学 Straw disintegration farmland returning and residual film reclaiming combined operation machine
CN201629961U (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-11-17 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Residual film reclaimer
CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN102144438A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-10 石河子大学 Clamping type residual membrane recovering machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2862649Y (en) * 2005-07-14 2007-01-31 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Combine for crushing straw to feed back field and recovering residual membrane
CN200980239Y (en) * 2006-12-12 2007-11-28 新疆农垦科学院农机研究所 Remnant film recovering and straw disintegrating and returning to field combined working machine
CN201467649U (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-05-19 石河子大学 Straw disintegration farmland returning and residual film reclaiming combined operation machine
CN201629961U (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-11-17 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Residual film reclaimer
CN201789728U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-04-13 新疆农垦科学院 Chained farmland residual membrane recycling machine
CN102144438A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-10 石河子大学 Clamping type residual membrane recovering machine

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283408A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-09-11 石河子大学 Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function
CN103283408B (en) * 2013-05-17 2015-06-17 石河子大学 Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function
CN103650675A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-03-26 新疆科神农业装备科技开发有限公司 Rear straw smashing and plastic film residue recycling combined machine
CN103650675B (en) * 2013-12-23 2015-11-04 新疆科神农业装备科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of rear-mounted stalk disintegrating residual film recovery combine machine
CN103650678A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-03-26 新疆科神农业装备科技开发有限公司 Split type residual film recovery combine machine
CN103650678B (en) * 2013-12-23 2015-09-16 新疆科神农业装备科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of Split type residual film recovery combine machine
CN104604376A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-05-13 新疆农垦科学院 Combined machine capable of conveying straws back to field and recycling plastic film residue
CN104160826A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-26 石河子大学 Straw pulling-out and plastic film residue recycling combined machine
CN104521422A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 石河子大学 Straw plucking harvester
CN104663018A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-06-03 李玉峙 Anti-winding device for sower
CN105145001A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-12-16 新疆农垦科学院 Stem crushing and mulching film recovery operation machine
CN105519271A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-04-27 张德兵 Mulching film uncovering machine

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