CN106818018A - Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine - Google Patents

Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106818018A
CN106818018A CN201710172211.7A CN201710172211A CN106818018A CN 106818018 A CN106818018 A CN 106818018A CN 201710172211 A CN201710172211 A CN 201710172211A CN 106818018 A CN106818018 A CN 106818018A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato seedling
seedling
belt wheel
belt
gear
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Pending
Application number
CN201710172211.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕钊钦
魏乐乐
史春余
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Application filed by Shandong Agricultural University filed Critical Shandong Agricultural University
Priority to CN201710172211.7A priority Critical patent/CN106818018A/en
Publication of CN106818018A publication Critical patent/CN106818018A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D23/00Topping machines
    • A01D23/02Topping machines cutting the tops before being lifted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • A01D43/086Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters and means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D23/00Topping machines
    • A01D23/02Topping machines cutting the tops before being lifted
    • A01D2023/024Devices with fix blades for topping
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D23/00Topping machines
    • A01D23/02Topping machines cutting the tops before being lifted
    • A01D2023/026Devices with movable knives for topping, e.g. rotatable cutting disks

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Transplanting Machines (AREA)
  • Pretreatment Of Seeds And Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine, including vehicle frame, hitch, gear-box, belt drive unit, profiling choose seedling shovel, potato seedling cutting mechanism, gripping conveyor structure, Cutting cutter mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, wheel assembly and potato seedling collecting bag;Profiling is chosen seedling shovel and is arranged on frame foremost;Cutting cutter mechanism includes Cutting cutter, cutter axis, rolling bearing, belt wheel one and V-belt;Potato seedling cutting mechanism includes moving knife, stationary knife, eccentric shaft and knife rest;Potato seedling cutting mechanism includes moving knife, stationary knife, eccentric shaft and knife rest;Potato seedling gripping conveyor structure includes double clamping carrier chain, drive sprocket axle, drive sprocket, driven chain wheel shaft, driven sprocket and tensioning apparatus;Potato seedling more long can be provoked and cut off to seedling vine by the present invention, improve potato seedling clearance rate and solve the problems, such as winding.Shutdown cleaning work is avoided, operating efficiency is improve;Clamping carrier chain miss in seedling setting and falls seedling phenomenon in reducing potato seedling course of conveying.

Description

Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine, belong to agricultural mechanical field.
(2) technical background
Sweet potato is important grain, feed, the raw material of industry and novel energy raw material, is the bottom line crop of world food production Also it is the anti-cancer health-care food of high-quality with the high-grade energy crop of great competitiveness.With the transfer of rural laborer so that people Work cost gradually rises, therefore research and extension sweet potato manufacturing machine has important practical significance.
Sweet potato seedling vine riotous growth, and winding of crawling is serious, is not readily separated.Before results kill seedling work be it is time-consuming more and The larger link of labour intensity.The sweet potato seedling cleaning machinery of domestic research and development at present is mostly be on the basis of potato makes seedling machine improvement and Come.Because sweet potato is different with the seedling vine growth characteristic of potato, existing sweet potato seedling cleaning machine has more limitation, there is crushing and closes Lattice rate is low, winding blocks serious, and toothing length is big, and pest and disease damage that seedling vine clearance rate is low, potato-damaging rate is high, chopping and returning brings etc. begins It is all unresolved eventually, cause follow-up excavation to block, pest and disease damage is serious, governs its promotion and application.
(3) content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine, it is therefore intended that provide A kind of seedling vine good crushing effect, work smoothness is not blocked, potato-damaging rate is low, strong applicability, easy to adjust and potato seedling can crush recovery Sweet potato seedling cleaning machine.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:
A kind of chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine, including vehicle frame and the hitch on vehicle frame, gear-box, skin Belt driver, profiling choose seedling shovel, potato seedling cutting mechanism, potato seedling gripping conveyor structure, Cutting cutter mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, Wheel assembly and potato seedling collecting bag.
The front that described hitch is welded on vehicle frame is connected with existing tractor;Described gear-box is arranged on suspension Behind mechanism on vehicle frame, the power of gear-box is conveyed to by potato seedling cutting machine Cutting cutter by belt wheel two, belt wheel one and V-belt On the cutter axis of mechanism;The power of gear-box is transported to positioned at the rearmost powder of vehicle frame by belt wheel two, belt wheel three and V-belt On broken cutter shaft;By belt wheel six, belt wheel four, the power of gear-box is transported to potato seedling gripping conveyor structure by belt wheel five and V-belt Two drive sprocket axles on;Gear-box power is delivered to by potato seedling cutting machine by the intermeshing of helical gear one and helical gear two On the eccentric shaft of structure.
Described profiling is chosen seedling shovel and is arranged on frame foremost, and the movable connection of pin is passed through with frame.Profiling choose seedling shovel with Surface relief realizes profiling, the potato seedling for growing with provoking patch.
Described Cutting cutter mechanism includes Cutting cutter, cutter axis, rolling bearing, belt wheel one and V-belt;Described cuts Breaking disk chooses seedling shovel side positioned at profiling.Cutting cutter is arranged on cutter axis one end;Cutter axis pass through rack-mounted axle Bearing is fixed, and rolling bearing is fixed in bearing block;The cutter axis other end grows bearing block, for installing belt wheel one, power by Gear-box is by belt wheel one and V-belt drive to Cutting cutter.V-belt one end connects gear-box, and the other end is connected to belt wheel one On.
Described actuating unit include helical gear one, helical gear two, belt wheel one, belt wheel two, belt wheel three, belt wheel four, Belt wheel five, belt wheel six and each V-belt used cooperatively with belt wheel.Helical gear one is arranged on the output shaft three of gear-box, tiltedly Gear two is arranged on the eccentric shaft of potato seedling cutting mechanism, and helical gear one and helical gear two are intermeshed, by the power of gear-box It is delivered on the eccentric shaft of potato seedling cutting mechanism, so as to drive moving knife to move.Belt wheel two is arranged on the output shaft two of gear-box, Belt wheel two is connected by V-belt with belt wheel one and belt wheel three, and belt wheel two, V-belt and belt wheel one coordinate and for power to pass to cutoff tool In dish axle, belt wheel two, V-belt and the combination of belt wheel three transfer power to smash on cutter shaft.Belt wheel six is arranged on the dynamic of gear-box On power output shaft one, belt wheel six is by V-belt and the belt wheel four being arranged on potato seedling gripping conveyor two drive sprocket axles of structure Connected with belt wheel five, gear-box power is delivered on two drive sprocket axles of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure.
Described land wheel mechanism is arranged on the middle part of vehicle frame;Land wheel mechanism includes land wheel, land axle, adjusting handle and silk Thick stick.Land wheel is arranged on land axle, and land axle is welded on vehicle frame;Land wheel is used to support vehicle frame and each component.Adjusting handle Leading screw top is welded on, the leading screw other end is arranged on vehicle frame;Height of chassis above ground is adjustable, and adjusting handle and leading screw cooperation can adjust car Frame is highly, it is ensured that the requirement of sweet potato seedling cutting height.
Described potato seedling cutting mechanism includes moving knife, stationary knife, eccentric shaft and knife rest;Stationary knife is arranged on knife rest by bolt On, knife rest is arranged on the vehicle frame that potato seedling profiling is chosen below seedling shovel;Knife rest vertical direction installation site according to the ridge in field High standard and potato seedling harvest the desired height for the stubble left and determine.Stationary knife top is provided with chute, and moving knife is movable in chute;Partially The end of heart axle is connected to shaft end with moving knife one end, and under eccentric shaft driving, moving knife can do linear reciprocating motion in chute.
Described potato seedling gripping conveyor structure includes double-deck clamping carrier chain, drive sprocket axle, drive sprocket, driven sprocket Axle, driven sprocket and tensioning apparatus.Double clamping carrier chain is made up of two-layer clamping chain parallel up and down, and every layer of clamping chain is equal Can complete independently potato seedling clamping conveying;Every layer of clamping chain to a pair of clamping chains to operating from constituting;Each pair is to operating Clamping approximate a pair of the right-angled trapeziums of Similarity Between Line Segments, make two-layer clamp carrier chain front end and constitute a potato seedling feeding mouth for V-type just.It is double It is more solid and reliable that layer clamping carrier chain clamps potato seedling.Two-layer clamping carrier chain front end is potato seedling feeding mouth, and rear end is potato seedling Outlet;Potato seedling feeds the approximate V-type of mouth-shaped, is easy to potato seedling to gather and feed;Potato seedling feeding mouth chooses the upper of seedling shovel positioned at profiling Side, bilayer clamping carrier chain passes through whole vehicle frame, and bilayer clamping carrier chain is gradually inclined upwardly from the front to the back, every layer of carrier chain Plane of arrangement is parallel with seedling shovel upper surface is chosen, and potato seedling outlet is located at potato seedling and crushes before the seedling inlet of casing.Drive sprocket axle It is the power input part of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure.Carrier chain is driven by the drive sprocket on drive sprocket axle.From Movable sprocket axle is arranged on vehicle frame by bearing block.Tensioning apparatus is fixed on vehicle frame, with bilayer clamping carrier chain in it is each Layer chain middle part is engaged, and realizes tensioning operation.What tensioning apparatus was adjusted is the potato seedling clamp distance of clamping chain.Tensioning apparatus The existing spring strainer suitable for chain tension can be used;Tensioning apparatus when potato seedling conveying capacity is larger, potato Seedling is applied to the power increase on chain, and this active force is acted on tensioning apparatus, is compressed the spring in tensioning apparatus, is increased A pair of distances of clamping interchain, reduce clogging in each layer of clamping chain;Conversely, when potato seedling conveying capacity is reduced, tensioning Device inner spring diastole, the distance for clamping interchain reduces, and reduces the miss in seedling setting phenomenon in potato seedling course of conveying.
Described disintegrating mechanism includes crushing casing, crushing knife, crushes cutter shaft and belt wheel three.Crush casing and be arranged on vehicle frame Upper back.Belt wheel three is arranged on to be crushed on cutter shaft, crushes the power input part that cutter shaft is disintegrating mechanism, is driven and is crushed casing Interior crushing knife is rotated, and crushing knife is arranged on to be crushed on cutter shaft.The belt wheel two is connected by V-belt and belt wheel three, by gear The power of case output is sent on crushing cutter shaft.The potato seedling of crushing is gathered by collecting bag.
The course of work of the invention is as follows:
During work, sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine is articulated on tractor by hitch, tractor is by universal biography Moving axis is connected with the gear-box of grinding recovery machine.Gear-box by actuating unit transfer power to potato seedling cutting mechanism, Cutting cutter mechanism, gripping conveyor structure and potato seedling disintegrating mechanism.During sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine operation, first there is machine foremost Profiling choose seedling shovel the potato seedling crawled in field is provoked, after potato seedling is provoked, along profiling choose seedling shovel upper table upwardly It is mobile, the potato seedling root cut-out that ridge push up by the potato seedling cutting mechanism below seedling shovel is chosen, the opening of carrier chain front end is clamped by potato seedling After gathering, clamping is transported in the potato seedling reducing mechanism behind frame, and the potato seedling after crushing will be thrown to the collecting bag being ready for Interior, operation is reclaimed in the crushing for completing potato seedling.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
Sweet potato vine riotous growth, Stagger-wrap of crawling, it is not disposable.The present invention can choose seedling and shovel and cut-out dress by profiling Put, potato seedling more long is provoked and cut off to seedling vine, improve potato seedling clearance rate and solve the problems, such as winding.Avoid shutdown fettler Make, improve operating efficiency;Clamping carrier chain miss in seedling setting and falls seedling phenomenon in reducing potato seedling course of conveying;By improving land wheel group Part, easy to operate, adjustment is rapid, is adapted to different ridge types, improves the adaptability of equipment.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is patent complete machine structure figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the whole side view of patent of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is patent seedling vine cutter sweep schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is Cutting cutter device;
Fig. 5 is ground wheel assembly;
Fig. 6 is that potato seedling clamps conveying device;
Fig. 7 coordinates for bevel gear;
Fig. 8 is gear-box;
In figure:The potato seedling clamping carrier chain 7 of 65 gear-box of seedling shovel 2 hitch, 3 belt wheel, 44 belt wheel 6 is chosen in 1 profiling The 11V shapes of 8 10 belt wheel of potato seedling crushing knife 9 collecting bag of cutter shaft of the potato seedling reducing mechanism casing three band belt wheel 2 14 of 12 land wheel 13 The Cutting cutter 16V shapes of belt wheel 1 17 drive sprocket axle of band 18 potato seedling cutter sweep knife rest, 19 potato seedling cutter sweeps are eccentric The Cutting cutter device of 22 potato seedling cutter sweep moving knife of axle 20 potato seedling cutter sweep cutter, 21 potato seedling cutter sweep stationary knife 23 The tooth of 29 helical gear of rolling bearing 24 vehicle frame, 25 cutoff tool dish axle, 26 adjusting handle, 27 drive sprocket, 28 driven sprocket 1 The gear-box power input shaft H of one 33 gearbox output shaft of roller box output shaft 3 31 helical gear, 2 32 gearbox output shaft 2 34 It is the potato seedling clamp distance of clamping chain
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with specific implementation below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine as shown in Figure 1, including vehicle frame and the hitch on vehicle frame 2, Gear-box 5, belt drive unit, profiling choose seedling shovel 1, potato seedling cutting mechanism (18,20,21,22), gripping conveyor structure (figure Four), Cutting cutter mechanism 15, disintegrating mechanism (7,8), wheel assembly 12 and potato seedling collecting bag 9.Hitch 2 is welded on vehicle frame Front be connected with existing tractor, gear-box 5 be arranged on the rear of hitch 2 vehicle frame on.Potato seedling profiling is chosen seedling shovel 1 and is installed In frame foremost, the movable connection of pin is passed through with frame.Profiling is chosen seedling shovel and realizes profiling with surface relief, is grown with provoking patch Potato seedling.Cutting cutter mechanism includes Cutting cutter 15, cutter axis 25, rolling bearing 23, belt wheel 1 and V-belt;Cutoff tool Disk 15 chooses seedling and shovels 1 side positioned at profiling.Cutting cutter 15 is arranged on the one end of cutter axis 25;Cutter axis 25 are by frame Bearing block fix, rolling bearing 23 is fixed in bearing block;The other end of cutter axis 25 grows bearing block, for installing belt wheel one 14, power is by gear-box 5 by belt wheel 1 and V-belt drive to Cutting cutter 15.V-belt one end connects gear-box 5, another End is connected on belt wheel 1.Actuating unit includes helical gear 1, helical gear 2 31, belt wheel 1, belt wheel 2 13, band Take turns 3 10, belt wheel 43, belt wheel five, belt wheel 64 and each V-belt used cooperatively with belt wheel.Helical gear 1 is arranged on gear On the output shaft 3 30 of case 5, helical gear 2 31 is arranged on the eccentric shaft 19 of potato seedling cutting mechanism, the phase of helical gear one 29,2 31 Mutually engagement, the power of gear-box 5 is delivered on the eccentric shaft 19 of potato seedling cutting mechanism, so as to drive moving knife 22 to move.Belt wheel 2 13 are arranged on the output shaft 2 33 of gear-box 5, and belt wheel 2 13 is connected by V-belt with belt wheel 1 and belt wheel 3 10, point Power is not passed into cutoff tool dish axle 25 and is smashed on cutter shaft 8.Belt wheel 64 is arranged on the output shaft 1 of gear-box 5, is passed through Belt wheel 43 and belt wheel five and V-belt on two drive sprocket axles 17 of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure, by gear-box power It is delivered on two drive sprocket axles 17 of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure.Gear-box 5 is arranged on behind hitch 2 on vehicle frame.It is logical Cross the cutterhead that the power of gear-box 5 is conveyed to potato seedling cutting machine Cutting cutter mechanism 15 for belt wheel 2 13, belt wheel 1 and V-belt On axle;The power of gear-box 5 is transported to positioned at the rearmost crushing knife of vehicle frame by belt wheel 2 13, belt wheel 3 10 and V-belt On axle 8;The power of gear-box 5 is transported to the two of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure by belt wheel 64, belt wheel 43, five and V-belt On drive sprocket axle 17;By helical gear one, the power of gear-box 5 is delivered to the bias of potato seedling cutting mechanism for two intermeshing On axle 19.Land wheel mechanism 12 is arranged on the middle part of vehicle frame;Land wheel mechanism includes land wheel 12, land axle, adjusting handle 26 and leading screw. Land wheel is arranged on land axle, and land axle is welded on vehicle frame;Land wheel 12 is used to support vehicle frame and each component.Adjusting handle 26 Leading screw top is welded on, the leading screw other end is arranged on vehicle frame;Height of chassis above ground is adjustable, and adjusting handle and leading screw cooperation can adjust car Frame is highly, it is ensured that the requirement of sweet potato seedling cutting height.Potato seedling cutting mechanism includes moving knife 22, stationary knife 21, eccentric shaft 19 and knife rest 18. Stationary knife 21 is arranged on knife rest 18, and knife rest 18 is arranged on vehicle frame, is chosen seedling positioned at potato seedling profiling and is shoveled 1 upper surface lower section, and knife rest hangs down Nogata to installation site determined by sweet field ridge high standard and the potato seedling height for the stubble left.The top of stationary knife 21 is provided with chute, moving knife 22 It is movable in chute;The end of eccentric shaft 19 is connected to shaft end with the one end of moving knife 22, under the driving of eccentric shaft 19, moving knife 22 Linear reciprocating motion can be done in chute.Potato seedling gripping conveyor structure includes double-deck clamping carrier chain 6, drive sprocket axle 17, master Movable sprocket 27, driven chain wheel shaft 29, driven sprocket 28 and tensioning apparatus.It is double clamping carrier chain 6 be made up of two rows chain and The purpose of the clamping conveying of potato seedling can be all completed, each row chain is made up of a pair pairs of chains to operating, and this pair counter-rotation Clamping chain coordinate with a drive sprocket 17 and three driven sprockets respectively, four installation sites of sprocket wheel will determine chain Shape, the approximate right-angled trapezium of arrangement shape of chain.It is exactly to make the clamping of potato seedling more solid and reliable to set double purpose. The potato seedling feeding mouth of clamping chain 6 has opening for certain angle, has seedling and feeding more easily a little, and feeding mouth is chosen positioned at profiling The top of seedling shovel 1, double clamping chain passes through whole vehicle frame, and throwing away end to potato seedling by feeding mouth end is in tilted layout, and potato seedling throws away end Before the seedling inlet that potato seedling crushes casing 7.The plane of arrangement for clamping carrier chain 6 is almost parallel with 1 upper surface of seedling shovel is chosen.It is main Movable sprocket axle 17 is the power input part of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure.Carrier chain 6 is by the master on drive sprocket axle 17 Movable sprocket 27 drives.Driven chain wheel shaft 29 is arranged on vehicle frame by bearing block.Tensioning apparatus is by the bullet suitable for chain tension Spring formula strainer, is fixed on vehicle frame, with chain interoperation.According to potato seedling conveying capacity, two-layer is automatically adjusted by tensioning apparatus and is pressed from both sides The each layer of distance of clamping interchain of carrier chain is held, when potato seedling conveying capacity is larger, the power that potato seedling is applied on chain increases Greatly, this active force is acted on tensioning apparatus, is compressed the spring in tensioning apparatus, increase between potato seedling clamping chain away from From reducing clogging;Conversely, when potato seedling conveying capacity is reduced, tensioning apparatus inner spring diastole clamps subtracting apart from H for interchain It is small, reduce the miss in seedling setting phenomenon in potato seedling course of conveying.Disintegrating mechanism includes crushing casing 7, crushing knife, crushes cutter shaft 8 and band Take turns 3 10.Crush the upper back that casing 7 is arranged on vehicle frame.Belt wheel 3 10 is arranged on to be crushed on cutter shaft 8, and it is to crush to crush cutter shaft 8 The power input part of mechanism, drives the crushing knife crushed in casing 7 to rotate, and crushing knife is arranged on to be crushed on cutter shaft 8.By peace Belt wheel 2 13, belt wheel 3 10 and V-belt on the output shaft two of gear-box 5, crushing is sent to by the power that gear-box 5 is exported On cutter shaft 8.The potato seedling of crushing is gathered by collecting bag 9.During work, sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine is mounted by hitch Onto tractor, tractor is connected by universal drive shaft with the gear-box of grinding recovery machine.Gear-box is filled by power transmission Put and transfer power to potato seedling cutting mechanism, Cutting cutter mechanism, gripping conveyor structure and potato seedling disintegrating mechanism.Sweet potato seedling is crushed When reclaiming machine operation, first there is machine profiling foremost to choose seedling shovel and provoke the potato seedling crawled in field, after potato seedling is provoked, The upper surface for choosing seedling shovel along profiling moves up, and chooses the potato seedling root cut-out that the potato seedling cutting mechanism below seedling shovel pushes up ridge, After potato seedling is gathered in the opening of clamping carrier chain front end, clamping is transported in the potato seedling reducing mechanism behind frame, after crushing Potato seedling will be thrown in the collecting bag being ready for, and operation is reclaimed in the crushing for completing potato seedling.
It is not disposable due to sweet potato vine riotous growth, Stagger-wrap of crawling.The present invention can by profiling choose seedling shovel and cut Disconnected device, potato seedling more long is provoked and cuts off by seedling vine, is improve potato seedling clearance rate and is solved the problems, such as winding.Avoid shutdown clear Science and engineering is made, and improves operating efficiency;Clamping carrier chain miss in seedling setting and falls seedling phenomenon in reducing potato seedling course of conveying;By improving land wheel Component, easy to operate, adjustment is rapid, is adapted to different ridge types, improves the adaptability of equipment.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine, it is characterised in that hitch including vehicle frame and on vehicle frame, Seedling shovel, potato seedling cutting mechanism, potato seedling gripping conveyor structure, Cutting cutter mechanism, powder are chosen in gear-box, belt drive unit, profiling Broken mechanism, wheel assembly and potato seedling collecting bag;
The front that described hitch is welded on vehicle frame is connected with existing tractor;Described gear-box is arranged on hitch Below on vehicle frame, the power of gear-box is conveyed to by potato seedling cutting machine Cutting cutter mechanism by belt wheel two, belt wheel one and V-belt Cutter axis on;The power of gear-box is transported to positioned at the rearmost crushing knife of vehicle frame by belt wheel two, belt wheel three and V-belt On axle;By belt wheel six, belt wheel four, the power of gear-box is transported to the two of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure for belt wheel five and V-belt On drive sprocket axle;Gear-box power is delivered to by potato seedling cutting mechanism by the intermeshing of helical gear one and helical gear two On eccentric shaft;
Described profiling is chosen seedling shovel and is arranged on frame foremost, and the movable connection of pin is passed through with frame;Profiling chooses seedling shovel with ground Profiling is realized in fluctuating, the potato seedling for growing with provoking patch;
Described Cutting cutter mechanism includes Cutting cutter, cutter axis, rolling bearing, belt wheel one and V-belt;Described cutoff tool Disk chooses seedling shovel side positioned at profiling;Cutting cutter is arranged on cutter axis one end;Cutter axis pass through rack-mounted bearing block Fixed, rolling bearing is fixed in bearing block;The cutter axis other end grows bearing block, and for installing belt wheel one, power is by gear Case is by belt wheel one and V-belt drive to Cutting cutter;V-belt one end connects gear-box, and the other end is connected on belt wheel one;
Described actuating unit includes helical gear one, helical gear two, belt wheel one, belt wheel two, belt wheel three, belt wheel four, belt wheel 5th, belt wheel six and each V-belt used cooperatively with belt wheel;Helical gear one is arranged on the output shaft three of gear-box, helical gear Two are arranged on the eccentric shaft of potato seedling cutting mechanism, and helical gear one and helical gear two are intermeshed, and the power of gear-box is transmitted Onto the eccentric shaft of potato seedling cutting mechanism, so as to drive moving knife to move;Belt wheel two is arranged on the output shaft two of gear-box, belt wheel Two are connected by V-belt with belt wheel one and belt wheel three, and belt wheel two, V-belt and belt wheel one coordinate and for power to pass to cutoff tool dish axle On, belt wheel two, V-belt and the combination of belt wheel three transfer power to smash on cutter shaft;The power that belt wheel six is arranged on gear-box is defeated On shaft one, belt wheel six is by V-belt and the belt wheel four and band being arranged on potato seedling gripping conveyor two drive sprocket axles of structure Wheel five is connected, and gear-box power is delivered on two drive sprocket axles of potato seedling gripping conveyor structure;
Described land wheel mechanism is arranged on the middle part of vehicle frame;Land wheel mechanism includes land wheel, land axle, adjusting handle and leading screw;Ground Wheel is arranged on land axle, and land axle is welded on vehicle frame;Land wheel is used to support vehicle frame and each component;Adjusting handle is welded on Leading screw top, the leading screw other end is arranged on vehicle frame;Height of chassis above ground is adjustable, and adjusting handle and leading screw coordinate that to adjust vehicle frame high Degree, it is ensured that sweet potato seedling cutting height requirement;
Described potato seedling cutting mechanism includes moving knife, stationary knife, eccentric shaft and knife rest;Stationary knife is arranged on knife rest by bolt, knife Frame is arranged on the vehicle frame that potato seedling profiling is chosen below seedling shovel;Knife rest vertical direction installation site according to the ridge high standard in field The desired height for the stubble left is harvested with potato seedling to determine;Stationary knife top is provided with chute, and moving knife is movable in chute;Eccentric shaft End is connected to shaft end with moving knife one end, and under eccentric shaft driving, moving knife can do linear reciprocating motion in chute;
Described potato seedling gripping conveyor structure include double-deck clamping carrier chain, drive sprocket axle, drive sprocket, driven chain wheel shaft, Driven sprocket and tensioning apparatus;Double clamping carrier chain is made up of two-layer clamping chain parallel up and down, and every layer of clamping chain The clamping conveying of complete independently potato seedling;Every layer of clamping chain to a pair of clamping chains to operating from constituting;Each pair is to the folder to operating Approximate a pair of the right-angled trapeziums of Similarity Between Line Segments are held, two-layer is clamped carrier chain front end just and is constituted a potato seedling feeding mouth for V-type;It is double-deck It is more firm that clamping carrier chain clamps potato seedling;Two-layer clamping carrier chain front end is potato seedling feeding mouth, and rear end is potato seedling outlet; Potato seedling feeds the approximate V-type of mouth-shaped, is easy to potato seedling to gather and feed;Potato seedling feeding mouth chooses the top of seedling shovel positioned at profiling, double-deck Clamping carrier chain passes through whole vehicle frame, and bilayer clamping carrier chain is gradually inclined upwardly from the front to the back, every layer of cloth horizontalization of carrier chain Face is parallel with seedling shovel upper surface is chosen, and potato seedling outlet is located at potato seedling and crushes before the seedling inlet of casing;Drive sprocket axle is potato seedling The power input part of gripping conveyor structure;Carrier chain is driven by the drive sprocket on drive sprocket axle;Driven sprocket Axle is arranged on vehicle frame by bearing block;Tensioning apparatus is fixed on vehicle frame, with each layer of chain in bilayer clamping carrier chain Middle part is engaged, and realizes tensioning operation;Tensioning apparatus is used to adjust the potato seedling clamp distance of clamping chain;Tensioning apparatus is in potato seedling When conveying capacity is larger, potato seedling is applied to the power increase on chain, and this active force is acted on tensioning apparatus, makes tensioning apparatus Interior spring is compressed, and increases a pair of distances of clamping interchain in each layer of clamping chain, reduces clogging;Conversely, potato When seedling conveying capacity is reduced, tensioning apparatus inner spring diastole, the distance for clamping interchain reduces, and reduces the leakage in potato seedling course of conveying Seedling phenomenon;
Described disintegrating mechanism includes crushing casing, crushing knife, crushes cutter shaft and belt wheel three;After crushing casing is arranged on vehicle frame Top;Belt wheel three is arranged on to be crushed on cutter shaft, crushes the power input part that cutter shaft is disintegrating mechanism, is driven and is crushed in casing Crushing knife is rotated, and crushing knife is arranged on to be crushed on cutter shaft;The belt wheel two is connected by V-belt and belt wheel three, and gear-box is defeated The power for going out is sent on crushing cutter shaft;The potato seedling of crushing is collected by collecting bag.
CN201710172211.7A 2017-03-22 2017-03-22 Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine Pending CN106818018A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710172211.7A CN106818018A (en) 2017-03-22 2017-03-22 Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710172211.7A CN106818018A (en) 2017-03-22 2017-03-22 Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine

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CN106818018A true CN106818018A (en) 2017-06-13

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CN107517645A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-29 上官倩 Wheat wheat stubble, device for recovering straw
CN107960190A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-04-27 山东农业大学 The intelligent self-propelled broken climing machine of sweet potato
CN108718758A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-11-02 昆明理工大学 A kind of chopping and returning formula rose pruning machine
CN108901425A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-11-30 昆明理工大学 A kind of adjustable rose pruning machine
CN110352688A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-10-22 商丘市新机具研制中心 Sweet potato leaves and stems cropper
CN112772195A (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-05-11 江西农业大学 Tea tree heavy pruning and soil turning integrated device and using method thereof
CN112889512A (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-06-04 江西农业大学 Riding type tea tree platform mowing machine and using method thereof
CN114041349A (en) * 2021-12-14 2022-02-15 山东农业大学 Sweet potato vine recovery machine and recovery method
RU220795U1 (en) * 2023-04-11 2023-10-03 Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Крымский федеральный университет имени В.И. Вернадского" Device for blinding the eyes of a rootstock

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EP0264011A1 (en) * 1986-10-16 1988-04-20 Franz Kleine Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. Topping assembly for beet-harvesting machines
JP2000014222A (en) * 1998-07-03 2000-01-18 Kubota Corp Reaping device for agriculture
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CN107517645B (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-06-14 山西金禾丰农业开发有限公司 Wheat wheat stubble, device for recovering straw
CN107517645A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-29 上官倩 Wheat wheat stubble, device for recovering straw
CN107960190A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-04-27 山东农业大学 The intelligent self-propelled broken climing machine of sweet potato
CN107960190B (en) * 2018-01-12 2023-09-22 山东农业大学 Intelligent self-propelled sweet potato vine breaker
CN108901425B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-09-25 昆明理工大学 Adjustable rose pruning machine
CN108901425A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-11-30 昆明理工大学 A kind of adjustable rose pruning machine
CN108718758A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-11-02 昆明理工大学 A kind of chopping and returning formula rose pruning machine
CN110352688A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-10-22 商丘市新机具研制中心 Sweet potato leaves and stems cropper
CN110352688B (en) * 2019-08-21 2024-06-14 商丘市新机具研制中心 Sweet potato stem leaf harvester
CN112772195A (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-05-11 江西农业大学 Tea tree heavy pruning and soil turning integrated device and using method thereof
CN112889512A (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-06-04 江西农业大学 Riding type tea tree platform mowing machine and using method thereof
CN114041349A (en) * 2021-12-14 2022-02-15 山东农业大学 Sweet potato vine recovery machine and recovery method
RU220795U1 (en) * 2023-04-11 2023-10-03 Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Крымский федеральный университет имени В.И. Вернадского" Device for blinding the eyes of a rootstock

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