CN103283408B - Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function - Google Patents

Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103283408B
CN103283408B CN201310182627.9A CN201310182627A CN103283408B CN 103283408 B CN103283408 B CN 103283408B CN 201310182627 A CN201310182627 A CN 201310182627A CN 103283408 B CN103283408 B CN 103283408B
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China
Prior art keywords
straw
conveying
frame
grip block
plastic film
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310182627.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103283408A (en
Inventor
王吉奎
李天文
胡凯
丁双双
李斌
蒋蓓
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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Priority to CN201310182627.9A priority Critical patent/CN103283408B/en
Publication of CN103283408A publication Critical patent/CN103283408A/en
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Publication of CN103283408B publication Critical patent/CN103283408B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with a field straw chopping and returning function. The clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with the field straw chopping and returning function comprises a hauling device (1), a driving system (2), a frame (6), a plastic film residue box (13), a travelling wheel (25), a straw chopping device, a straw conveying device (7), a plastic film residue recycling device and a film removing device, the hauling device (1) is arranged on the front side of the straw chopping device, the straw conveying device (7) is arranged on the rear side of the straw chopping device, a tail slide plate (8) is arranged on the rear side of the straw conveying device (7), the plastic film residue recycling device is arranged on the lower side of the straw conveying device (7), and the plastic film residue box (13) is arranged on the rear side of the plastic film residue recycling device which comprises a film lifting frame (14), a clamping plate chain (15), a clamping plate (16), a conveying belt chain (18), a conveying belt (19), a film lifting gear (20) and a soil retaining plate (23). The clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with the field straw chopping and returning function has the advantages of simple structure, high working efficiency, clean plastic film residue recycling, less proneness to plastic film residue twining, low impurity content in recycled plastic film residues and the like.

Description

A kind of straw chopping and returning and holding transporting type machine for recovering broken film
Technical field
The present invention relates to field-crop straw chopping and returning and earth's surface residual film recovery combine machine tool after a kind of crop harvesting, especially a kind of straw chopping and returning and holding transporting type machine for recovering broken film.
Background technology
Along with the spread of film-mulching cultivation technique uses and residual film after using fails to reclaim in time, bring serious " white pollution " to farmland, for solving residual membrane pollution problem, develop multiple machine for recovering broken film both at home and abroad, what belong to straw chopping and returning and residual film recovery combine machine has 4JSM-1800 type and 4SJ-1.6 type straw chopping and returning and residual film combined recovery machine, has 1ZSM-800 type machine for recovering broken film, 4FS2 mulch film combined recovery machine and QS-2 type machine for recovering broken film for the type of used plastic collection after crop harvesting.In addition, be divided into again the tooth-like machine for recovering broken film of expansion link by film retrieving collector operation principle, shovel play a batch machine for recovering broken film, gear tooth-type machine for recovering broken film and toothed-chain type machine for recovering broken film.
The stalk that above straw chopping and returning and residual film recovery combine machine are pulverized can not effectively be separated with the due-in residual film in earth's surface, make percentage of impurity in the residual film of recovery high, and operating efficiency is low; Existing machine for recovering broken film film retrieving collector is mainly used " choosing film bar " or " hugging film tooth " packs up residual film with the principle of " choosing " and " scraping ", reclaim the residual film that high, the residual diaphragm of some tensile strength is larger in this way, there is good recovering effect, but residual film is easily wound around winder workpiece during work, demoulding difficulty, and this kind of working method is difficult to residual for the small pieces of weathering film to pack up, and has a strong impact on used plastic collection operation.Because after crop harvesting, field exists stalk, simple to reclaim residual film difficulty comparatively large, and field remains stalk usually does straw chopping and returning process, and impact is promoted the use of.Mechanization used plastic collection problem fails to solve very well so far, farmland incomplete film is polluted and is aggravating year by year.Therefore, design a kind of operating efficiency high, not only can straw chopping and returning but also the combine of recyclable residual film significant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of one-stop operation not only can realize straw chopping and returning but also the teamwork machinery of recyclable residual film, stalk and the due-in residual UF membrane pulverized can be realized during this facility operation, have that structure is simple, operating efficiency is high, used plastic collection is clean, residual film is not easily wound around and reclaim the features such as impurity content in residual film lacks.
The present invention relates to a kind of straw chopping and returning and holding transporting type machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear, transmission system, frame, residual film case, road wheel, straw millstone, straw conveyor, used plastic collection device and device for removing scum, it is characterized in that draw-gear is located on front side of straw millstone, straw conveyor is located on rear side of straw millstone, tail slide carriage is located on rear side of straw conveyor, used plastic collection device is located at the downside of straw conveyor, residual film case is located at the rear side of used plastic collection device, and road wheel is located in frame.Described straw millstone is by cutter shaft, blade and guard shield composition, insert is located at cutter shaft periphery, and guard shield is located at the outside of cutter shaft and blade, and described used plastic collection device is by skinning frame, grip block chain, grip block, clamping drive sprocket, clamping driven sprocket, chain support, conveying band chain, conveyer belt, conveying drive sprocket, conveying driven sprocket, skinning tooth, pull bar and breast boards composition, above-mentioned grip block chain is connected between clamping drive sprocket and clamping driven sprocket, grip block is located on grip block chain, grip block and grip block chain are located at the upside of conveyer belt and conveying band chain jointly, said conveyer belt chain connects between conveying drive sprocket and conveying driven sprocket, conveyer belt is located on clamping carrier chain, conveying drive sprocket and conveying driven sprocket are located on skinning frame, above-mentioned skinning tooth is located at skinning frame lower end, above-mentioned pull bar is connected between skinning frame lower end and frame, skinning frame upper end is connected with hinged mode and frame, above-mentioned breast boards is located on front side of conveying driven sprocket, described device for removing scum is made up of blower fan and air port, and air port communicates with blower fan exhaust outlet, and air port is located on the upside of conveying drive sprocket.
Described used plastic collection device grip block can be plate, also can be tooth.
The air port of described device for removing scum can be located on the upside of conveying drive sprocket, also can be located on the downside of conveying drive sprocket.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows: tractor is connected by draw-gear and facility of the present invention, tractor motive power output shaft is connected by the transmission system of power transmission shaft and facility of the present invention, tractor drives straw millstone, straw conveyor, used plastic collection device and device for removing scum work by above-mentioned transmission system, and tractor and facility of the present invention form Complete working unit.During operation, unit is along the capable advance of crop seedling, gyration done by the cutter shaft band knife section of straw millstone, crops straw is smashed by blade, the stalk smashed is shed to scraping plate conveying device under the effect of guard shield, the stalk shed is delivered to tail slide carriage by scraping plate conveying device, then stalk is slipped on the ground on rear side of residual film case along tail slide carriage, simultaneously, grip block and conveyer belt be relative motion under the drive of grip block chain with conveying band chain respectively, the skinning tooth of used plastic collection device enters into the surface soil after crushed stalk, residual film is lifted away from ground certain altitude from earth's surface by skinning tooth, and scraped to conveyer belt by grip block, along with the rotation of grip block and conveyer belt, residual film is sandwiched between grip block and conveyer belt, and upwards carry along conveyer belt, when residual film is delivered to the air port place carried on the upside of drive sprocket, under strength effect, residual film falls into residual film case, the holding transporting type realizing residual film reclaims.There is speed difference in conveyer belt and grip block in winder process, and grip block stirs residual film, cleans out the foreign material be mixed in residual film under gravity, and the length of adjustment pull bar can adjust the embedded depth of skinning tooth.
The present invention has that simple, the residual film of structure is not easily wound around, operating speed is high, used plastic collection rate is high, demoulding is satisfactory for result and reclaims the advantages such as impurity content in residual film is few, can meet the requirement of crushing straw and used plastic collection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Indicating 1 in figure is draw-gear, and 2 is transmission system, and 3 is cutter shaft, and 4 is blade, and 5 is guard shield, 6 is frame, and 7 is straw conveyor, and 8 is tail slide carriage, and 9 is blower fan, 10 is clamping drive sprocket, and 11 is air port, and 12 is conveying drive sprocket, and 13 is residual film case, 14 is skinning frame, and 15 is grip block chain, and 16 is grip block, and 17 is chain support, 18 is conveying band chain, and 19 is conveyer belt, and 20 is skinning tooth, and 21 is pull bar, 22 is conveying driven sprocket, and 23 is breast boards, and 24 is clamping driven sprocket, and 25 is road wheel.
In figure, arrow represents the direction of motion of grip block and conveyer belt.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1, for the embodiment of a kind of straw chopping and returning and holding transporting type machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (6), residual film case (13), road wheel (25), straw millstone, straw conveyor (7), used plastic collection device and device for removing scum, described draw-gear (1) is located on front side of straw millstone, straw conveyor (7) is located on rear side of straw millstone, tail slide carriage (8) is located at straw conveyor (7) rear side, used plastic collection device is located at the downside of straw conveyor (7), residual film case (13) is located at the rear side of used plastic collection device, road wheel (25) is located in frame (6), described straw millstone is by cutter shaft (3), blade (4) and guard shield (5) composition, insert (4) is located at cutter shaft (3) periphery, guard shield (5) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (3) and blade (4), described used plastic collection device is by skinning frame (14), grip block chain (15), grip block (16), clamping drive sprocket (10), clamping driven sprocket (24), chain support (17), conveying band chain (18), conveyer belt (19), conveying drive sprocket (12), conveying driven sprocket (22), skinning tooth (20), pull bar (21) and breast boards (23) composition, above-mentioned grip block chain (15) is connected between clamping drive sprocket (10) and clamping driven sprocket (24), grip block (16) is located on grip block chain (15), grip block (16) and grip block chain (15) are located at the upside of conveyer belt (19) and conveying band chain (18) jointly, said conveyer belt chain (18) connects between conveying drive sprocket (12) and conveying driven sprocket (22), conveyer belt (19) is located in conveying band chain (18), conveying drive sprocket (12) and conveying driven sprocket (22) are located on skinning frame (14), above-mentioned skinning tooth (20) is located at skinning frame (14) lower end, above-mentioned pull bar (21) is connected between skinning frame (14) lower end and frame (6), skinning frame (14) upper end is connected with hinged mode and frame (6), above-mentioned breast boards (23) is located at conveying driven sprocket (22) front side, described device for removing scum is made up of blower fan (9) and air port (11), air port (11) communicates with blower fan (9) exhaust outlet, air port (11) is located at conveying drive sprocket (12) upside.
Embodiment 2:
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that described used plastic collection device grip block (16) is tooth.
Embodiment 3:
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that the air port (11) of described device for removing scum is located at and carries drive sprocket (12) downside.

Claims (3)

1. a straw chopping and returning and holding transporting type machine for recovering broken film, comprise draw-gear (1), transmission system (2), frame (6), residual film case (13), road wheel (25), straw millstone, straw conveyor (7), used plastic collection device and device for removing scum, described draw-gear (1) is located on front side of straw millstone, straw conveyor (7) is located on rear side of straw millstone, tail slide carriage (8) is located at straw conveyor (7) rear side, used plastic collection device is located at the downside of straw conveyor (7), residual film case (13) is located at the rear side of used plastic collection device, road wheel (25) is located in frame (6), described straw millstone is by cutter shaft (3), blade (4) and guard shield (5) composition, insert (4) is located at cutter shaft (3) periphery, guard shield (5) is located at the outside of cutter shaft (3) and blade (4), described used plastic collection device is by skinning frame (14), grip block chain (15), grip block (16), clamping drive sprocket (10), clamping driven sprocket (24), chain support (17), conveying band chain (18), conveyer belt (19), conveying drive sprocket (12), conveying driven sprocket (22), skinning tooth (20), pull bar (21) and breast boards (23) composition, above-mentioned grip block chain (15) is connected between clamping drive sprocket (10) and clamping driven sprocket (24), grip block (16) is located on grip block chain (15), grip block (16) and grip block chain (15) are located at the upside of conveyer belt (19) and conveying band chain (18) jointly, said conveyer belt chain (18) connects between conveying drive sprocket (12) and conveying driven sprocket (22), conveyer belt (19) is located in conveying band chain (18), conveying drive sprocket (12) and conveying driven sprocket (22) are located on skinning frame (14), above-mentioned skinning tooth (20) is located at skinning frame (14) lower end, above-mentioned pull bar (21) is connected between skinning frame (14) lower end and frame (6), skinning frame (14) upper end is connected with hinged mode and frame (6), above-mentioned breast boards (23) is located at conveying driven sprocket (22) front side, described device for removing scum is made up of blower fan (9) and air port (11), air port (11) communicates with blower fan (9) exhaust outlet, air port (11) is located at conveying drive sprocket (12) upside.
2. a kind of straw chopping and returning as claimed in claim 1 and holding transporting type machine for recovering broken film, is characterized in that used plastic collection device grip block (16) is tooth.
3. a kind of straw chopping and returning as claimed in claim 1 and holding transporting type machine for recovering broken film, is characterized in that the air port (11) of device for removing scum is located at conveying drive sprocket (12) downside.
CN201310182627.9A 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Clamp conveying type plastic film residue recycling machine with field straw chopping and returning function Expired - Fee Related CN103283408B (en)

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CN103283408B true CN103283408B (en) 2015-06-17

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CN104186218B (en) * 2014-09-05 2018-05-18 中南林业科技大学 A kind of grass seeds square tears blanking method and device
CN104322165B (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-06-17 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 Mulch recycling machine
CN104521422B (en) * 2014-12-04 2017-08-25 石河子大学 Stalk rises and pulls out cropper
CN105409362B (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-10-31 新疆农垦科学院 Stalk crushes mulch film and reclaims combine
CN106416597B (en) * 2016-09-19 2019-01-29 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Towed straw chopping and returning incomplete film-recovering machine
CN107852962A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-30 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device for being easy to input and output material
CN107836738A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-27 芜湖市久鑫养殖有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly feed hay breaking machine
CN110431938A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-12 张朝书 Pinch formula used plastic collection device
CN112189438A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-08 江苏艾威机械制造有限公司 Straw returning and mulching film harvesting all-in-one machine

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CN102726136A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-17 石河子大学 Novel straw smashing and film residue recycling machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4796711A (en) * 1985-04-11 1989-01-10 Row Runner Corp. Of America Apparatus for removing plastic film from raised plant beds
CN2172943Y (en) * 1993-05-05 1994-08-03 新疆生产建设兵团农七师一二五团修造厂 Suction type waste plastic film recovering machine
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