CN103314665B - Farmland mulch collecting machine - Google Patents

Farmland mulch collecting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103314665B
CN103314665B CN201310247811.7A CN201310247811A CN103314665B CN 103314665 B CN103314665 B CN 103314665B CN 201310247811 A CN201310247811 A CN 201310247811A CN 103314665 B CN103314665 B CN 103314665B
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China
Prior art keywords
screen cloth
frame
sifter
screen
mamoty
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310247811.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103314665A (en
Inventor
包玉成
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包玉成
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Priority to CN201310247811.7A priority Critical patent/CN103314665B/en
Publication of CN103314665A publication Critical patent/CN103314665A/en
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Publication of CN103314665B publication Critical patent/CN103314665B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of farm machinery, i.e. a kind of farmland mulch collecting machine, comprise frame (1), mamoty (4) and screening mechanism, be characterized in: said screening mechanism is a sifter (7) being fixed in frame (1), sifter (7) has one to be surrounded and unlimited screen cloth circle (12) suitable for reading by screen cloth, screen cloth circle (12) interior bottom is provided with the screen tray (11) of horizontal, screen tray (11) is provided with rotating shaft (14) and the transmission of engine phase below, the arch guard shield (13) surrounded by low early and high after inclined plate surface is provided with above screen cloth circle (12), the back upper place of screen tray (11) is equipped with fan (10) and throws pipe (9).Its beneficial effect is: residual film fragment proportion comparatively I is separated with soil block and foreign material under wind-force attracts, and enter container, thus solve residual film and foreign material and be difficult to be separated and the difficult problem of broken little used plastic collection difficulty, the mulch film rate of recovery reaches more than 95%, reach the requirement of agronomy, and there is the advantages such as structure is simple, cheap, easy to operate, dependable performance, what be expected to become used plastic collection promotes mainly facility.

Description

Farmland mulch collecting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of farm machinery, i.e. a kind of farmland mulch collecting machine.
Background technology
Farmland mulch covers has preserve moisture and fertility, and increasing the effects such as ground temperature, is the important measures of agricultural produce., large with the mulch film recovery difficult crossed, the residual film in residual field can hinder plant growth for a long time.Therefore, mulch film clearing and retrieving has caused the extensive concern of people, and the facility that multiple mulch film reclaims successively are released in various places.Current plastic film reclaiming machine tool is all that the topsoil in field is scooped up, and soil is removed in the cage net cage screening through rotating, and finally obtains the mulch film remained., because mulch film is very thin, broken degree varies, the foreign material such as weeds, stubble in field are mixed in wherein in addition, are difficult to separately.Less diaphragm, can sieve go back to field with soil block, continue to work the mischief.According to experimental analysis, the mulch film rate of recovery of existing plastic film reclaiming machine tool generally only has about 80%, is difficult to the demand meeting mulch film recovery.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of residual film in farmland and foreign material can being separated, and can collected for broken for fritter film farmland mulch collecting machine.
Above-mentioned purpose is realized by following technical scheme: develop a kind of farmland mulch collecting machine, comprise frame, mamoty and screening mechanism, be characterized in: said screening mechanism is a sifter being fixed in frame, sifter has one to be surrounded and unlimited screen cloth circle suitable for reading by screen cloth, in screen cloth circle, bottom is provided with the screen tray of horizontal, rotating shaft and the transmission of engine phase is provided with below screen tray, be provided with the arch guard shield surrounded by low early and high after inclined plate surface above screen cloth circle, the back upper place of screen tray is equipped with fan and throws pipe.After during work, residual film and soil foreign material enter sifter, after screen tray screening, namely residual film is attracted move rearwardly and upwardly and be thrown out of and collect by fan.
Said frame front is provided with the towing plate mounted mutually with tractor, and frame front upper part is provided with transmission case, and the front lower portion of frame is provided with mamoty and conveyer belt successively, and the rear end of conveyer belt is relative with the opening between the screen cloth circle of sifter and guard shield.
The base plate that said fan has a slice to erect, uniform multi-disc flabellum before base plate, flabellum outer end is bending forms parabola.
Multiple crushing claw stretched obliquely upward is housed above said screen tray.
Said frame rear end is provided with container.
Said mamoty has the angular shovel piece in multi-disc front end, each shovel piece is low early and high after skewed, there is a hypotenuse the anterior side of perching knife, sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword is formed with the straight flange of opposite side, point cutting edge of a knife or a sword root, by circular arc adduction, makes part below narrow, has riser to support below shovel piece, be fixed on below riser on crossbeam, between each shovel piece, leave gap.
The pusher dog rotated under transmission mechanism drives is provided with above said mamoty.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: residual film fragment proportion comparatively I is separated with soil block and foreign material under wind-force attracts, and enter container, thus solve residual film and foreign material and be difficult to be separated and the difficult problem of broken little used plastic collection difficulty, the mulch film rate of recovery reaches more than 95%, reach the requirement of agronomy, and there is the advantages such as structure is simple, cheap, easy to operate, dependable performance, what be expected to become used plastic collection promotes mainly facility.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of the first embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the first embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the parts sifter of the first embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the left view of the parts sifter of the first embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of the parts sifter of the first embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the front view of the parts screen tray of the first embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the left view of the parts screen tray of the first embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the vertical view of the parts screen tray of the first embodiment;
Fig. 9 is the front view of the parts screen cloth circle of the first embodiment;
Figure 10 is the left view of the parts screen cloth circle of the first embodiment;
Figure 11 is the vertical view of the parts screen cloth circle of the first embodiment;
Figure 12 is the front view of the parts guard shield of the first embodiment;
Figure 13 is the left view of the parts guard shield of the first embodiment;
Figure 14 is the vertical view of the parts guard shield of the first embodiment;
Figure 15 is the front view of the parts conveyer belt of the first embodiment;
Figure 16 is the vertical view of the parts conveyer belt of the first embodiment;
Figure 17 is the front view of the parts fan of the first embodiment;
Figure 18 is the left view of the parts fan of the first embodiment;
Figure 19 is the front view of the parts mamoty of the first embodiment;
Figure 20 is the left view of the parts mamoty of the first embodiment;
Figure 21 is the parts mamoty of the first embodiment and the front view of pusher dog;
Figure 22 is the working state schematic representation of the first embodiment.
Visible in figure: frame 1, transmission case 2, towing plate 3, mamoty 4, land wheel 5, conveyer belt 6, sifter 7, container 8, throw pipe 9, fan 10, screen tray 11, screen cloth circle 12, guard shield 13, rotating shaft 14, crushing claw 15, screen tray frame 16, reinforcing bar 17, base plate 18, flabellum 19, blower tray 20, perching knife 21, crossbeam 22, riser 23, pusher dog 24.
Embodiment
The total design of the present invention is the suction function by wind-force, the residual film through screening is attracted out, centralized recovery.A kind of embodiment is introduced below around this design:
From Fig. 1,2, the frame 1 of this facility is hitch frames, before be provided with the towing plate 3 mounted with tractor, land wheel 5 is equipped with in both sides, and it is two right that land wheel 5 here has, and can certainly only have a pair.The front upper part of frame 1 is equipped with transmission case 2, and transmission case 2 stretches out the power transmission shaft connected with tractor motive power output shaft above, and horizontal power transmission shaft is stretched out in side, by the transmission device such as belt or chain, power is passed to each moving component.Be provided with a casting shovel 4 in the front lower portion of frame 1, after mamoty 4, a vice-belt 6 be housed.Be exactly the sifter 7 be fixed in frame 1 again, sifter 7 is equipped with container 8 below, and there is a fan 10 back upper place of sifter 7, has one to throw pipe 9 above fan 10, throws the end of pipe 9 and the suitable for reading relative of container 8 backward.
Composition graphs 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 is visible: sifter 7 has the screen tray 11 of a horizontal, composition graphs 6 Fig. 7 Fig. 8 is visible: screen tray 11 is by the porous sieve of many reinforcement welding, be fixed with rotating shaft 14 below, rotating shaft 14 is arranged in frame by screen tray frame 16, and by drive and the transmission of drive disk assembly phase.The crushing claw 15 stretched obliquely upward that branched bar dowel is made is provided with on screen tray 11.Composition graphs 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 is visible: the screen cloth circle 12 having to be surrounded by screen cloth above of screen tray 11, and screen cloth circle 12 is suitable for reading to be opened wide, and trailing flank tilts rearwardly and upwardly, and screen cloth circle 12 bottom is fixed in frame 1.Composition graphs 2 Figure 13 Figure 14 is visible: screen cloth circle 12 above a guard shield 13 is installed, guard shield 13 is the arch shaped bodies surrounded by one piece of low early and high after inclined plate surface, and its rear openings is relative with fan 10.
Visible in conjunction with Figure 15 Figure 16: conveyer belt 6 is contained in the front lower portion of frame 1, and two is driven by sprocket wheel, between reinforcing bar 17 can be adopted to form apertured, preliminary screening can be carried out to material.Certainly, this conveyer belt 6 also can be airtight, and all materials are all sent into sifter 7 and sieved.
Visible in conjunction with Figure 17 Figure 18: fan 10 has one piece of base plate erect 18, three flabellums 19 are equipped with in the side of base plate, and the opposite side of base plate 17 is provided with fan shaft, and fan shaft is contained on blower tray 20, and fan shaft is by drive and the transmission of engine phase.Fan is contained in the back upper place of screen cloth circle 12, after starting, produces negative pressure to the space between screen cloth circle 12 and guard shield 13, attracts material to enter with the wind and throws pipe 9 and dish out.
Visible in conjunction with Figure 19 Figure 20: the mamoty 4 that frame 1 front lower place is installed has multi-disc perching knife 21, perching knife is low early and high after inclined-plane after installing, and leaves gap between each perching knife 21.There is a hypotenuse each anterior side of perching knife 21, forms sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword with the straight flange of opposite side, and sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword root, by circular arc adduction, makes part below narrow, thus the gap between the adjacent perching knife 21 of two panels is strengthened.Supporting below by a slice riser 23 of perching knife 21, riser about 23 flanging is fixed with perching knife above and crossbeam below 22 respectively by bolt, and crossbeam 22 two ends and frame 1 are connected.
Visible in conjunction with Figure 21: multiple pusher dog 24 is housed above mamoty 4, the form of pusher dog 24 has multiple, figure only exemplifies one: branched pusher dog 24 is contained in around a rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is rotated under the drive of power, and pusher dog 24 can be allocated to conveyer belt 6 the material above perching knife.Certainly, this structure is only selected when Flow of Goods and Materials is not smooth, otherwise can.
Visible in conjunction with Figure 22: during work, this facility are articulated in after tractor, and the power take-off of tractor by after transmission case speed change, then passes to the places such as screen tray 9, fan 10, conveyer belt 6 respectively power.The mamoty 4 of frame 1 front lower portion scoops up the soil of topsoil together with materials such as residual film, weeds stubbles, be difficult to the foreign material such as the weeds stubble of cutting flowed away by the gap between perching knife 21, rest materials throws to conveyer belt 6 below by inertia force, conveyer belt 6 is delivered to material in sifter 7, pulverized on the screen tray 11 rotated, lighter diaphragm is attracted upwards to run by fan and is thrown pipe 9 and throws away, and fall into container 8, heavier soil block and foreign material fall from screen tray 9.
Prove through many experiments, this equipment is more various than other to be only all greatly improved by the used plastic collection rate of mechanism of vibrosieve, and adopt the method for multi-point sampling analysis to test proof, used plastic collection rate is up to 99.75%, be not less than 95%, meet existing agriculture requirement.

Claims (1)

1. a farmland mulch collecting machine, comprise frame (1), mamoty (4) and screening mechanism, it is characterized in that: described screening mechanism is a sifter (7) being fixed in frame (1), sifter (7) has one to be surrounded and unlimited screen cloth circle (12) suitable for reading by screen cloth, screen cloth circle (12) interior bottom is provided with the screen tray (11) of horizontal, screen tray (11) is provided with rotating shaft (14) and the transmission of engine phase below, the arch guard shield (13) surrounded by low early and high after inclined plate surface is provided with above screen cloth circle (12), the back upper place of screen tray (11) is equipped with fan (10) and throws pipe (9), described frame (1) front portion is provided with the towing plate (3) mounted mutually with tractor, frame (1) front upper part is provided with transmission case (2), the front lower portion of frame (1) is provided with mamoty (4) and conveyer belt (6) successively, the rear end of conveyer belt (6) is relative with the opening between the screen cloth circle (12) of sifter (7) and guard shield (13), the base plate (18) that described fan (10) has a slice to erect, base plate (18) is uniform multi-disc flabellum (19) above, flabellum (19) outer end is bending forms parabola, described screen tray (11) is equipped with multiple crushing claw (15) stretched obliquely upward above, described frame (1) rear end is provided with container (8), described mamoty (4) has the angular perching knife in multi-disc front end (21), each perching knife (21) is in low early and high after skewed, there is a hypotenuse perching knife (21) anterior side, sharp cutting edge of a knife or a sword is formed with the straight flange of opposite side, point cutting edge of a knife or a sword root is by circular arc adduction, part is below narrowed, riser (23) is had to support below perching knife (21), riser (23) is fixed on crossbeam (22) below, each perching knife leaves gap between (21), described mamoty (4) is provided with the pusher dog (24) rotated under transmission mechanism drives above.
CN201310247811.7A 2013-06-20 2013-06-20 Farmland mulch collecting machine Expired - Fee Related CN103314665B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310247811.7A CN103314665B (en) 2013-06-20 2013-06-20 Farmland mulch collecting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310247811.7A CN103314665B (en) 2013-06-20 2013-06-20 Farmland mulch collecting machine

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CN103314665A CN103314665A (en) 2013-09-25
CN103314665B true CN103314665B (en) 2016-04-27

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103650673B (en) * 2013-11-29 2015-08-05 张朝书 Apparatus for restoring plastic films in farmland
CN104885604A (en) * 2014-03-06 2015-09-09 李文泽 Mulching film cleaning machine
CN103959946A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-08-06 包玉成 Farmland anti-blocking film removing shovel
CN103918366B (en) * 2014-04-12 2016-02-10 宁夏回族自治区农业机械化技术推广站 Residual film and foreign material separating and reclaiming device
CN106079158B (en) * 2016-07-04 2018-02-23 曲延翊 Agricultural mulching recovery system
CN111869483A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-11-03 湖州绿昌生态农业有限公司 Mulching film recovery device for greenhouse vegetable planting
CN111989993B (en) * 2020-09-09 2022-05-03 江西中轻智能设备有限公司 Agricultural weed rotary cutting machine with soil covering function

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB731291A (en) * 1952-09-26 1955-06-08
FR2593349A1 (en) * 1986-01-27 1987-07-31 Garnot Guy Device for cutting and picking up grass
CN202551639U (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-11-28 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue
CN202857244U (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-04-10 王海艳 Mulching film picking up machine
CN203289844U (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-11-20 包玉成 Cropland plastic film residue picking machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB731291A (en) * 1952-09-26 1955-06-08
FR2593349A1 (en) * 1986-01-27 1987-07-31 Garnot Guy Device for cutting and picking up grass
CN202551639U (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-11-28 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue
CN202857244U (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-04-10 王海艳 Mulching film picking up machine
CN203289844U (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-11-20 包玉成 Cropland plastic film residue picking machine

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