CN103193534A - Production technology of dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix - Google Patents

Production technology of dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103193534A
CN103193534A CN2013101126074A CN201310112607A CN103193534A CN 103193534 A CN103193534 A CN 103193534A CN 2013101126074 A CN2013101126074 A CN 2013101126074A CN 201310112607 A CN201310112607 A CN 201310112607A CN 103193534 A CN103193534 A CN 103193534A
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
rice seedling
cow dung
biological matrix
seedling
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CN2013101126074A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁伟
程茁
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Northeast Agricultural University
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Northeast Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2013101126074A priority Critical patent/CN103193534A/en
Publication of CN103193534A publication Critical patent/CN103193534A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a production technology of dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix, and the dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix is prepared by composting cow dung and adding produced acid, bacteriostatic microorganism and inorganic nutrient elements into the composted cow dung; the production technology comprises the steps of: adding 0.1% of actinomycetes into the cow dung, and fully and evenly mixing; composting the cow dung for 10-15 days at the temperature of 15-20 DEG C; after that, adding 0.1% of enzyme microorganism and 0.1% of bacillus subtilis into the cow dung, fully and evenly mixing and composting the cow dung for 7-10 days; and using a high-speed mixer to evenly mix 69.9% of the processed cow dung, 20% of brown coal powder, 4.7% of pure nitrogen, 3.1% of pure phosphorus, 1.7% of pure potassium and 0.6% of pure zinc to obtain the rice seedling biological matrix. Every 40 square meters of rice seedling bed applies 500-600kg of dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix; and after being evenly mixed with rice seeds treated by accelerating germination, the dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix is arranged in a rice seedling raising plate and put into a plastic-covered tunnel for cultivating rice seedlings.

Description

The paddy rice drought is educated the production technique of strong seedling bio-matrix
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production technique of rice nursery sock growing seedling strengthen agent, especially utilize the production technique of microorganism-decomposing organism preparation seedling cultivation of rice matrix.
Background technology
Since the eighties in last century, the rice shoot with rsgun and wide planting technology began to introduce, large-area promotion and application have been carried out in China, the core of rice shoot with rsgun and wide planting technology be by rice seedling bed phase drought educate strong seedling, the early growth and quick tiller that promotes to tiller, thereby realize optimizing individual and group relation in the Honda phase rice growth process and realize rice high yield and high-quality.As everyone knows, at present rice seedling bed institute generally the fertilizer for improving the growth of seedlings of employing be by N, P, K macronutrient and Zn, Cu, Mg, micro-mineral nutrition among the B etc., acidity regulator and chemical bactericide are composite to form, brought into play vital role at the cultivation paddy rice seedling strengthening, but because a large amount of chemical pesticide prolonged application and a large amount of bed soil for raising seedlings enter among the water cycle of farmland with the transplanting of rice seedling, caused the severe contamination to water resources and farm environment inevitably, there is serious potential safety hazard in employed acidity regulator (the industrial vitriol oil) in transportation with in producing in producing simultaneously.Therefore; composite by biological acid adjustment, microorganism bacteriostatic action and the needed mineral nutrition of rice seedling; guaranteeing to cultivate on the paddy rice basis in strong sprout; then can solve the long-term problem of environmental pollution that causes of widely applying of potential safety hazard in the present rice seedling-growth soil regulator production and chemical pesticide, have important practical significance aspect the Sustainable development of Rice Production and the environment protection.
The serious threat that the unreasonable use of chemical agent in plant husbandry caused to environment and human health, along with human living standard's raising, the side effect that the chemicals that the public throws in to environment agriculture production brings also is concerned about day by day.In China, a large amount of use even the abuse chemicals not only destroys and polluted ecotope directly influences the national economic development, and because agricultural-food suffer severe contamination, greatly influenced national quality of life in the agriculture production.How organic matter and inorganic nutrients through microbiological treatment are organically combined, and be the practical problems of present rice seedling-growth soil regulator production and the solution of Application Areas urgent need in the application of seedling cultivation of rice phase.In addition, owing to need from the farmland, to seize a large amount of seedling bed earths in the dry seedling bed of rice process, cause large-area high-quality farmland destroyed, also become the practical problems that becomes increasingly conspicuous in the Rice Production of plains region.The paddy rice drought is educated strong seedling bio-matrix production technique will provide an environmental protection and paddy rice Sustainable Production technology.The paddy rice drought is educated the microbial preparation assimilation length of schooling agent that strong seedling bio-matrix relates to and is compared, and its unique advantages is arranged, and is mainly reflected in: (1) biological acid adjustment can solve vitriol oil transportation in the current rice seedling-growth soil regulator production process and produce in problems such as potential safety hazard; (2) microbial preparation instead of chemical agricultural chemicals is realized the control of rice seedling bed disease; (3) the natural radioactivity product instead of chemical growth regulator in the microbial preparation realizes promoting rice seedling bed phase rice seedling root growth and the early growth and quick tiller of tillering; (4) organic matter of microorganism-decomposing, acidifying and mineral nutrition rational allocation with use, fully satisfy the rice seedling bed phase to nutrient, diseases prevention and promote root system and the needs of the growth of tillering.(5) the paddy rice drought is educated strong seedling bio-matrix and be can be manufacturer the novel method that solves environmental issues such as three wastes processing is provided.
Organic matter with the microorganism-decomposing acidifying replaces the industrial vitriol oil, the realization rice seedling bed phase diseases prevention of microbial preparation instead of chemical agricultural chemicals and strong root, urgees the development trend that tiller is the strong seedling matrix of the friendly type of applied environment in the following seedling cultivation of rice process, will play a significant role aspect the environmental pollution that extensive application causes for a long time of solution chemical pesticide.Rationally composite the grow organic matter of needed mineral nutrition and microorganism-decomposing, acidifying of rice seedling, both can realize the purpose of the strong seedling of rice cultivating, can solve chemical pesticide again to the severe contamination of environment and problems such as the potential safety hazard during rice seedling-growth soil regulator is produced at present and three waste discharge, being not only the significant problem of being badly in need of solution in the following Rice Production development, also is that whole process is produced and used to the rice seedling bed seedling medium to the new trend of environmentally friendly development.In addition, using many paddy rice drought, to educate the rice that rice seedling that strong seedling bio-matrix cultivates produces safer, market cognition degree height, the rice value of the product promotes, the peasant adopts the enthusiasm height that this technological achievement is carried out Rice Production, will make the paddy rice drought educate strong seedling bio-matrix and have outstanding promotion advantage.
Summary of the invention
Because the environmental safety that the demand of the transportation problem of the vitriol oil in the current rice seedling-growth soil regulator production process, the potential safety hazard in producing, a large amount of seedling bed earths is brought the destruction of ploughing and chemical pesticide and produce in a series of problems such as three wastes processing, therefore press for a kind of seedling cultivation of rice bio-matrix and substitute the rice seedling-growth soil regulator used at present to address the above problem.We have invented the production technique that a kind of paddy rice drought is educated strong seedling bio-matrix in scientific research in recent years.
Embodiment:The actinomycetes of cow dung interpolation 0.1% fully mix, stack down for 15-20 ℃ and became thoroughly decomposed 10-15 days, add 0.1% enzymatic microorganism and 0.1% subtilis again, stacked again after fully mixing 7-10 days, the cow dung 69.9% through above-mentioned processing, brown coal powder 20%, purity nitrogen 4.7%, pure phosphorus 3.1%, pure potassium 1.7% and pure zinc 0.6%, mix with homogenizer, be mixed with the seedling cultivation of rice bio-matrix, the raising rice seedlings dish of packing into after per 40 square metres this bio-matrix of paddy seedbed application 500-600 kilogram and the rice paddy seed after the vernalization mix is put into plastic greenhouse and is cultivated rice seedling.
Show through years of researches and practical application: utilize the paddy rice drought to educate the 3.5 leaf phase rice seedlings that strong seedling bio-matrix is cultivated, the rice seedling of cultivating with the rice seedling-growth soil regulator of selling in the market aspect plant height, overground part and root system fresh weight and rice seedling basal part of stem width is compared no significant difference, to the needs of upland field soil, having reduced fetches earth in the high-quality farmland causes destruction (seeing Table 1) to the farmland when using this biology seedling medium in addition and can reduce present rice seedling-growth soil regulator and use.Show: the paddy rice drought is educated the application of strong seedling bio-matrix on producing, and can reach the seedling-growing-up effect the same with the rice seedling-growth soil regulator of present application on the one hand, and is environmentally safe, pollution-free owing to the application that does not have the industrial vitriol oil and chemical pesticide on the other hand.
Table 1 paddy rice drought is educated the effect of strong seedling bio-matrix
Handle Plant height (cm) Hundred strain overground part fresh weights (g) Hundred strain root system fresh weights (g) Basal part of stem width (mm) 40m 2The soil weight that the seedbed need be puddled (kg)
The paddy rice drought is educated strong seedling bio-matrix 17.78a 16.34a 8.77a 2.55a 0
The rice seedling-growth soil regulator that market is bought 17.53a 16.05a 8.52a 2.49a 2000
Annotate: lowercase is represented the significance of difference under 5% level.

Claims (1)

1. the actinomycetes of cow dung interpolation 0.1% fully mix, stack down for 15-20 ℃ and became thoroughly decomposed 10-15 days, add 0.1% enzymatic microorganism and 0.1% subtilis again, stacked again after fully mixing 7-10 days, the cow dung 69.9% through above-mentioned processing, brown coal powder 20%, purity nitrogen 4.7%, pure phosphorus 3.1%, pure potassium 1.7% and pure zinc 0.6%, mix with homogenizer, be mixed with the seedling cultivation of rice bio-matrix, the raising rice seedlings dish of packing into after per 40 square metres this bio-matrix of paddy seedbed application 500-600 kilogram and the rice paddy seed after the vernalization mix is put into plastic greenhouse and is cultivated rice seedling.
CN2013101126074A 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Production technology of dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix Pending CN103193534A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103833469A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-06-04 东北农业大学 Rice seedling raising soil for northern rice
CN103848697A (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-11 安徽省农业科学院水稻研究所 Special soilless organic composite matrix for raising seedlings of mechanically-transplanted japonica rice and preparation method of matrix
CN105130568A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-12-09 东北农业大学 Preparation method and application of rice seedling bed biological fertilizer
CN105175159A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 黑龙江中农欣欣农业科技发展有限公司 Production method of rice seedling dry raising and strengthening biological medium and application thereof
CN105622254A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-06-01 全椒县志恒庄园 Preparation method and use method of bed soil for dry-raising of rice seedlings
CN106927884A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-07-07 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kind of rice nursery substrate

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101041604A (en) * 2007-03-01 2007-09-26 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Melon vegetable grow seedling ground substance
WO2007125898A1 (en) * 2006-04-27 2007-11-08 Kabushikikaisha Seikouen Fermented neem fertilizer, fermented neem enzyme compost, fermented neem fertilizer pellet and process for producing them
CN101993293A (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-30 夏荣堂 Rice reviving and tillering agent
CN102696427A (en) * 2012-07-03 2012-10-03 宁夏天瑞产业集团现代农业有限公司 Cucurbit and vegetable breeding substrate and production method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007125898A1 (en) * 2006-04-27 2007-11-08 Kabushikikaisha Seikouen Fermented neem fertilizer, fermented neem enzyme compost, fermented neem fertilizer pellet and process for producing them
CN101041604A (en) * 2007-03-01 2007-09-26 宁夏中青农业科技有限公司 Melon vegetable grow seedling ground substance
CN101993293A (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-30 夏荣堂 Rice reviving and tillering agent
CN102696427A (en) * 2012-07-03 2012-10-03 宁夏天瑞产业集团现代农业有限公司 Cucurbit and vegetable breeding substrate and production method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103833469A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-06-04 东北农业大学 Rice seedling raising soil for northern rice
CN103848697A (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-11 安徽省农业科学院水稻研究所 Special soilless organic composite matrix for raising seedlings of mechanically-transplanted japonica rice and preparation method of matrix
CN105130568A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-12-09 东北农业大学 Preparation method and application of rice seedling bed biological fertilizer
CN105175159A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 黑龙江中农欣欣农业科技发展有限公司 Production method of rice seedling dry raising and strengthening biological medium and application thereof
CN105622254A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-06-01 全椒县志恒庄园 Preparation method and use method of bed soil for dry-raising of rice seedlings
CN106927884A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-07-07 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kind of rice nursery substrate

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Application publication date: 20130710