CN106927884A - A kind of rice nursery substrate - Google Patents

A kind of rice nursery substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106927884A
CN106927884A CN201710261338.6A CN201710261338A CN106927884A CN 106927884 A CN106927884 A CN 106927884A CN 201710261338 A CN201710261338 A CN 201710261338A CN 106927884 A CN106927884 A CN 106927884A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rice
nursery substrate
livestock
pulvis
poultry
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710261338.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
隋文志
隋新
贺佳贝
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Heilongjiang Academy of Land Reclamation Sciences
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Heilongjiang Academy of Land Reclamation Sciences
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710261338.6A priority Critical patent/CN106927884A/en
Publication of CN106927884A publication Critical patent/CN106927884A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rice nursery substrate, it is made up of following raw material:Feces of livestock and poultry accounts for naa of the matrix weight than 2/1000 by the pulvis 96% after harmless treatment, urea 1.5%, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 1%, potassium sulfate 1.5%;Preparation method of the feces of livestock and poultry by the pulvis after harmless treatment:Feces of livestock and poultry heap fermentation, material temperature is kept for 65~70 DEG C ferment 5~7 days, after fermentation 38 42 days, when 33 37 DEG C of material temperature, stops fermentation, carries out air-drying the pulvis obtained by crushing, water content >=30%.Present invention advantage compared with prior art is:With conventional seedbed system discrete phase ratio, without dry land topsoil soil, Forest floor soil and hillside soil, and rice on honda topsoil is used, this formula nutrient comprehensively, can improve Seedling Quality in Rice, and rice shoot slow seedling is fast after rice transplanting, increasing production of rice more than 6%, economic benefit value increases more than 800 yuan/hectare.

Description

A kind of rice nursery substrate
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer, more particularly to a kind of rice nursery substrate.
Background technology
Paddy rice originates in Tropical Asian, after China widely plants, gradually travels to all over the world, and paddy rice is tied the grain of rice and shells Claim rice or rice afterwards, in the world nearly half population, be food all with rice, compared with other crops, contained nutrition composition in rice Can digestibility and absorptivity it is higher, the need for being most suitable for human body.After northern China introduces paddy rice, because northern breeding time is short, Directly rice yield is low, poor quality for sowing, so rice in north china is cultivated using two-part, first paragraph is the greenhouse seedling phase, works as seedling Seedling when being three one heart stages of leaf, carried out Honda rice transplanting, into second stage cultivation by the growth of 35~40 days.Raising rice seedlings face Product is 1 with Honda area ratio:100, need seedling soil to measure every year huge, investigation shows, seedling soil is essentially from dry land topsoil soil Earth, Forest floor soil, hillside soil etc..In decades, collection seedling soil causes greatly destruction to environment, due to dry land agricultural chemicals The effect of murdering to paddy rice, also creates many poisoning, influences the normal seedling of paddy rice.Feces of livestock and poultry contains abundant nutrients Matter, but cannot effectively utilize for a long time, plant's ambient contamination environment is deposited in, after feces of livestock and poultry harmless treatment, pass through Allotment, can improve Seedling Quality in Rice as rice seedling raising ground substance using this nursery soil, and paddy rice seedling-slowing stage is short after rice transplanting;This It is the agriculture waste utilization of resources to invent, and mitigates the destruction to environment, maintains agricultural sustainable development, all significant.
The content of the invention
The present invention is to solve above-mentioned deficiency, there is provided a kind of rice nursery substrate.
Above-mentioned purpose of the invention is realized by following technical scheme:A kind of rice nursery substrate, it is characterised in that: It is made up of following raw material:Feces of livestock and poultry is by the pulvis 96% after harmless treatment, urea 1.5%, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 1%, sulfuric acid Potassium 1.5%, accounts for naa of the matrix weight than 2/1000;Making side of the feces of livestock and poultry by the pulvis after harmless treatment Method:Feces of livestock and poultry heap fermentation, material temperature is kept for 65~70 DEG C ferment 5~7 days, and after fermentation 38-42 days, when 33-37 DEG C of material temperature, stops Only ferment, carry out air-drying the pulvis obtained by crushing, water content >=30%.
The mass fraction of N is 46% in the urea.
The mass fraction of N is 18%, P in the Diammonium phosphate (DAP)2O5Mass fraction be 46%.
K in the potassium sulfate2The mass fraction of O is 50%.
In the naa-naa >=98%.
The biological bacteria powder is bacillus megaterium (Bacillus magaterium) and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering (Bacillus mucilaginosus) pulvis mix preparation, living bacteria count >=5,000,000,000/gram.
Present invention also offers the application method of above-mentioned rice nursery substrate, rice nursery substrate with air-dry, pulverize and sieve Rice on honda soil press 2:After 8 ratio blending is uniform, for seedling-cultivation plate of rice, educated using paddy rice by 22 kilograms/square metre In seedling disk.
Present invention advantage compared with prior art is:With conventional seedbed system discrete phase ratio, without dry land topsoil soil, forest land table Layer soil and hillside soil, and rice on honda topsoil is used, this formula nutrient comprehensively, can improve Seedling Quality in Rice, rice shoot after rice transplanting Slow seedling is fast, increasing production of rice more than 6%, and economic benefit value increases more than 800 yuan/hectare.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to embodiment.
A kind of rice nursery substrate of the invention, is prepared from the following components:Feces of livestock and poultry is by after harmless treatment Pulvis 96%, urea 1.5%, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 1%, potassium sulfate 1.5% accounts for naa of the matrix weight than 2/1000.Wherein, Base fertilizer:Urea (N46%), Diammonium phosphate (DAP) (N18%, P2O546%), potassium sulfate (K2O50%), naa (purity 98%), bacillus megaterium (Bacillus magaterium) and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering (Bacillus Mucilaginosus) pulvis mix preparation (living bacteria count >=5,000,000,000/gram) is bought by the market.Feces of livestock and poultry is by harmless Pulvis self-control after change treatment, preparation method:Feces of livestock and poultry heap fermentation, material temperature is kept for 65~70 DEG C ferment 5~7 days, is sent out afterwards Ferment 40 days or so, when 35 DEG C or so of material temperature, stops fermentation, carries out air-drying the pulvis obtained by crushing, water content >=30%.
Specific embodiment:
2015-2016 experiments are completed in land-reclaimable academy of sciences paddy rice scientific and technological park;Experiment soil is Baijiang soil, basic fertility For:Organic matter 19.5g/kg, full nitrogen 1.089g/kg, rapid available phosphorus 12.1mg/kg, available potassium 204mg/kg, pH 7.0.
Experimental cultivar:It is within 2015 to cultivate rice 24;It is within 2016 to cultivate rice 26.
Experiment sets three treatment, three repetitions altogether:Treatment 1, conventional rice nursery soil;Treatment 2, embodiment of the present invention gained Rice nursery substrate;Treatment 3, the seedling cultivation of rice additive of market sale.
1 explanation for the treatment of:Dry land soil 95%+ adds rice seedling-growth soil regulator 5%.
2 explanations for the treatment of:Rice on honda soil 80%+ rice nursery substrates (present invention) 20%
3 explanations for the treatment of:Dry land soil 90%+ seedling cultivation of rice additive 10%.
Result of the test:
Each treatment of experiment is in rice seedling seedling stage tree characteristics determination data:
Test and determine Seedling Quality in Rice in transplanting date, 2 test effects for the treatment of are better than treatment 1 and treatment 3, treatment 2 Rice seedling root bar number, leaf long, leaf area and ground up and down dry weight be above treatment 1 and treatment 3, Seedling Quality in Rice it is good (table 1, Table 2).
Table 1 paddy rice, three leaf, one heart stage seedling quality (2015.5.15)
Table 2 paddy rice, three leaf, one heart stage seedling quality (2016.5.12)
Each treatment of experiment is in paddy rice primary growth stage field plant property determination data:
Tillering stage examines rice plant proterties, and 2 paddy growths for the treatment of are better than treatment 1 and treatment 3, the stem tiller number for the treatment of 3, Dry weight all higher than treatment 1 and processes 3 (tables 3) up and down for plant height, the number of blade, leaf area and ground.
Table 3 tillering stage different disposal rice plant measurement result (2016.6.25)
Each treatment of experiment is in paddy rice primary growth stage plant dry substance accumulation total amount determination data:
Nutrient accumulation measurement result is indicated, and nutrient accumulation total amount difference is not obvious between tillering stage each treatment, but by children To heading stage, rice seedling raising ground substance treatment nutrient accumulation total amount is above control and seedling cultivation of rice additive treating to Spike development (table 4).
The influence that the rice nursery substrate of table 4 is accumulated to rice dry matter (2016;Unit:G/ plants)
Influence of the rice nursery substrate to rice yield:
Yield And Yield Components examination result shows that the plant tillering of rice seedling raising ground substance treatment, grain number per spike, grain are heavy, millet straw Than improving (table 5) with mass of 1000 kernel treatment 1 and treatment 3.
Influence (2016.10.12) of the rice nursery substrate of table 5 to Yield And Yield Components
Yield result shows that substantially, the more conventional fertilising of yield highest treatment increases produces raising rice seedlings base treatment effect of increasing production 7.50% (table 6) of amount.
Influence (2016.10.18) of the rice nursery substrate of table 6 to rice yield
Note:Each treatment Production rate result moisture has been deducted.Cell is surveyed and produces area:8 square metres.
In sum, using the rice nursery substrate obtained by the embodiment of the present invention and rice seedling-growth soil regulator 5% and seedling cultivation of rice Additive 10% is compared, and can improve Seedling Quality in Rice, and rice shoot slow seedling is fast after rice transplanting, increasing production of rice more than 7.50%, economy effect Benefit value increases more than 800 yuan/hectare.
Embodiments of the invention are the foregoing is only, the scope of the claims of the invention is not thereby limited, it is every to utilize this hair Equivalent structure or equivalent flow conversion that bright specification and embodiment content are made, or directly or indirectly it is used in other correlations Technical field, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of rice nursery substrate, it is characterised in that:It is made up of following raw material:Feces of livestock and poultry is by the powder after harmless treatment Agent 96%, urea 1.5%, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 1%, potassium sulfate 1.5% accounts for naa of the matrix weight than 2/1000;The livestock and poultry Preparation method of the excrement by the pulvis after harmless treatment:Feces of livestock and poultry heap fermentation, 65~70 DEG C of fermentations 5 of material temperature holding~ 7 days, after fermentation 38-42 days, when 33-37 DEG C of material temperature, stopped fermentation, air-dry the pulvis obtained by crushing, and water content >= 30%.
2. a kind of rice nursery substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mass fraction of N is in the urea 46%.
3. a kind of rice nursery substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The quality of N point in the Diammonium phosphate (DAP) Number is 18%, P2O5Mass fraction be 46%.
4. a kind of rice nursery substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:K in the potassium sulfate2The mass fraction of O It is 50%.
5. a kind of rice nursery substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the naa-naa >= 98%.
6. a kind of rice nursery substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The biological bacteria powder is huge gemma bar Bacterium and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering pulvis mix preparation, living bacteria count >=5,000,000,000/gram.
7. a kind of rice nursery substrate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The user of the rice nursery substrate Method is:Rice nursery substrate is with the rice on honda soil for air-drying, pulverizing and sieving by 2:After 8 ratio blending is uniform, for rice seedling Plate seedling raising, by 22 kilograms/square metre using in rice seedling nursing disc.
CN201710261338.6A 2017-04-20 2017-04-20 A kind of rice nursery substrate Pending CN106927884A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106927884A true CN106927884A (en) 2017-07-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107266202A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-20 彭鸿博 Organic paddy rice seedling medium prepared by a kind of utilization furfural dregs and its preparation method and application
CN107382503A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-11-24 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kind of rice seedling-growth soil regulator

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1278522A (en) * 1999-06-19 2001-01-03 曾祥俊 Ecological rice seedling raising fertilizer for use in dry land
CN103193534A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-10 东北农业大学 Production technology of dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix
CN103833469A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-06-04 东北农业大学 Rice seedling raising soil for northern rice
CN105175159A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 黑龙江中农欣欣农业科技发展有限公司 Production method of rice seedling dry raising and strengthening biological medium and application thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1278522A (en) * 1999-06-19 2001-01-03 曾祥俊 Ecological rice seedling raising fertilizer for use in dry land
CN103193534A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-10 东北农业大学 Production technology of dry raising strong rice seedling biological matrix
CN103833469A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-06-04 东北农业大学 Rice seedling raising soil for northern rice
CN105175159A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 黑龙江中农欣欣农业科技发展有限公司 Production method of rice seedling dry raising and strengthening biological medium and application thereof

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
伍均峰: "《农药安全使用技术》", 31 October 2016, 河北科学技术出版社 *
孙海波: "《北方水稻生产实用技术》", 30 September 2009 *
矫江: "《黑龙江省稻米市场与生产中常见问题》", 31 December 2004 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107266202A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-20 彭鸿博 Organic paddy rice seedling medium prepared by a kind of utilization furfural dregs and its preparation method and application
CN107382503A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-11-24 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kind of rice seedling-growth soil regulator

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Application publication date: 20170707

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