CN103034210A - Miniature closed type intelligent adjustment system of plant cultivation environmental factors - Google Patents

Miniature closed type intelligent adjustment system of plant cultivation environmental factors Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103034210A
CN103034210A CN2012105524004A CN201210552400A CN103034210A CN 103034210 A CN103034210 A CN 103034210A CN 2012105524004 A CN2012105524004 A CN 2012105524004A CN 201210552400 A CN201210552400 A CN 201210552400A CN 103034210 A CN103034210 A CN 103034210A
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China
Prior art keywords
control board
industrial control
nutrient solution
interlayer
concentration
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CN2012105524004A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴玉娟
刘永华
赵霞
魏祥帅
史德林
戴有华
谢文
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江苏农林职业技术学院
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Priority to CN2012105524004A priority Critical patent/CN103034210A/en
Publication of CN103034210A publication Critical patent/CN103034210A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/264Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, or watering
    • Y02A40/268Air-conditioning systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/264Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, or watering
    • Y02A40/27Watering arrangements
    • Y02A40/272Efficient watering

Abstract

The invention discloses a miniature closed type intelligent adjustment system of plant cultivation environmental factors which comprises a cultivation box body and intelligent control structures. A plurality of interlayers used for plant cultivation are arrange inside the cultivation box body. The intelligent control structures comprise a human-computer interface, an industrial control board and collection executing mechanisms. Users send operational orders to the industrial control board through the human-computer interface. The collection executing mechanisms comprise a collection mechanism and an executing mechanism. The collection mechanism comprises a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, a carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration sensor and an illumination sensor. The executing mechanism comprises a compressor, a heater, a fan, a supplementary lighting device, a CO2 producer and a nutrient solution automatic cycle replenishing device. An output end of the collection mechanism is connected with an input end of the industrial control board, and an output end of the industrial control board is respectively connected with the human-computer interface and the executing mechanism. The miniature closed type intelligent adjustment system of plant cultivation environmental factors integrates automatic supplementary lighting function, temperature and humidity automatic adjustment function and CO2 concentration and nutrient solution automatic cycle replenishing function through automatic control and sensor technology, and a need of household vegetable cultivation can be met.

Description

A kind of miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system, belong to the agricultural facility technical field of automatic control.

Background technology

By existing pertinent literature is analyzed, contrasted, draw the following conclusions:

Document 1 " indoor plant LED light-compensating cycled water culture system, the patent type: patent of invention, declare the time: in September, 2010; in May, 2011 time of disclosure ", it mainly is applicable to extensive growing vegetables, can utilize LED to carry out automatic light-supplementing, can carry out moisturizing; Document 2 " automatic gardening controller for indoor facility " mainly solves the very difficult worldwide technological puzzle that cultivates plants for a long time under the indoor environmental condition such as work, public place and room.This system makes up by intermediate layer flower, is embodied as dexterously the automatic control that plant light compensation, humidification, air-supply, temperature adjustment and soilless culture nutrient fluid such as regularly supply with at the several functions.

In sum, " indoor plant LED light-compensating cycled water culture system " mainly is applicable to extensive houseplant cultivation, can't satisfy Domestic vegetable plantation needs, do not have family's indoor appreciation and Air purification; " automatic gardening controller for indoor facility " can regularly be supplied with for plant light compensation, humidification, air-supply, temperature adjustment and soilless culture nutrient fluid, but it is bulky, power consumption is high, can't satisfy growing vegetables needs in the family room, all belongs to different categories from this patent.

Summary of the invention

The patent of invention purpose: with not enough, the invention provides a kind of miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system for problems of the prior art, adopt the vertical cabinet structure, by automatic control and sensor technology, collection automatic light-supplementing, CO 2The several functions such as concentration adjustment control, humiture varitrol and nutrient solution automatic cycle are regulated management system in the novel closed-type planting envirment factor intelligence of one, this system can be used as new indoor planting intelligence control system, can automatically regulate the envirment factor that is fit to plant growth, only plant seedlings need be put in the hole and be got final product, the Based Intelligent Control pattern of cultivating in the discontinuous immersion nutrient solution can make process of crop growth fast, quality better, save fertilizer, conserve water, be fit to the plantation of all kinds of leaf vegetables and seedling dish;

Technical scheme: a kind of miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system comprises plantation casing and Based Intelligent Control structure; There is multilayer to be used for the interlayer of planting plants in the described plantation casing, bottom one side of interlayer is provided with water delivering orifice, and the water delivering orifice of adjacent two interlayers lays respectively at relative both sides, water outlet is connected with short piece, the outlet of the short piece that last layer interlayer water delivering orifice connects is located at the upper end of lower one deck interlayer, makes the nutrient solution in the last layer interlayer flow into lower one deck interlayer by short piece; Described Based Intelligent Control structure comprises man-machine interface, industrial control board and collection topworks; The user sends operational order by described man-machine interface to industrial control board; Described industrial control board comprises processor, reset chip, watchdog chip, relay and power supply; Described collection topworks comprises collecting mechanism and topworks; Described collecting mechanism comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, CO 2Concentration sensor and optical sensor; Described topworks comprises compressor, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2Generator and nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying; Described industrial control board, man-machine interface, CO 2Generator and compressor are located at the outside of plantation casing; Described temperature sensor, humidity sensor, CO 2Concentration sensor and optical sensor are located at the inside of plantation casing;

CO 2Generator is arranged on box back surface; Compressor is located at plantation casing lower end; Well heater is located on the sidewall of the lower end of planting box house, the sidewall of each interlayer is provided with fan, bottom in the plantation casing is provided with nutrient solution automatic circulating device, the nutrient solution device is extracted nutrient solution out by water pump, water pump is extracted into the side upper end of high interlayer with nutrient solution from the bottom of device by the long water pipe that a water delivering orifice is located on the highest interlayer, and the water delivering orifice of high interlayer is located at the opposite side bottom relative with the long water pipe outlet; The short piece that the bottom water delivering orifice of basecoat interlayer connects and nutrient solution device UNICOM, thereby realize the Efficient Cycle of nutrient solution, the Based Intelligent Control pattern of cultivating in the discontinuous immersion nutrient solution of this kind can make process of crop growth fast, quality better, save fertilizer, conserve water;

The output terminal of described collecting mechanism connects the input end of industrial control board; The output terminal of described industrial control board connects respectively man-machine interface and topworks;

Described temperature sensor, humidity sensor, CO 2Concentration sensor and optical sensor are with the humiture, the CO that collect 2The analog signals of concentration and illumination converts digital signal to and issues industrial control board, and industrial control board is with the humiture, the CO that receive 2Concentration and photometric data show by man-machine interface; Industrial control board is according to the humiture, the CO that receive simultaneously 2Concentration and the work of photometric data control topworks.

Described industrial control board has two kinds according to the mode of the humiture that receives and the work of photometric data control topworks, and a kind of is hand-guided, and a kind of is automatic control;

The detailed process of described hand-guided is: the user needs temperature, humidity, the CO of control by the man-machine interface input 2Concentration and photometric data, man-machine interface will be inputted data and send to industrial control board, temperature, humidity, CO that industrial control board sends man-machine interface 2Temperature, humidity and photometric data that concentration and photometric data and collecting mechanism send compare, and determine drive compression machine, well heater, fan, CO 2The time whether generator, light benefit device or nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying are worked and worked;

The detailed process of described automatic control is: industrial control board is according to the growth conditions of default plant (for example romaine lettuce), each time period required all kinds of envirment factors of growing seedlings are divided into several fuzzy subsets, determine fuzzy rule, foundation is to the control of plant growth environment, and industrial control board is with temperature, humidity, the CO of collecting mechanism transmission 2Humiture and illumination value scope that concentration and photometric data and default corresponding plant need compare, and determine drive compression machine, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2The time whether generator or nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying are worked and worked.

Described industrial control board is connected with man-machine interface by the RS485 interface; Described man-machine interface is touch display.

Described industrial control board selects ULN2803 to drive as relay, and industrial control board also comprises storer.

The top of described every layer of interlayer is provided with light and mends device-led light source (blue light and ruddiness), is used for the plant light compensation to each interlayer; Nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying is realized the plant on every layer of interlayer is carried out the supply that circulates of discontinuous immersion nutrient solution mode by water pipe.

Described industrial control board hierarchical control topworks, be specially: the plant that the user plants according to every layer of interlayer pre-sets humiture, CO by man-machine interface 2Concentration and illumination value scope, industrial control board are received temperature, humidity, the CO that collecting mechanism sends 2Behind concentration and the photometric data, with default each layer humiture, CO 2Concentration and illumination value scope relatively determine whether to start every layer of drive compression machine, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2The time whether generator or nutrient solution circulation device for supplying are worked and worked.

Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system provided by the present invention has following advantage:

1. adopt the vertical cabinet structure, can automatically regulate the envirment factor that is fit to plant growth, be fit to the plantation of all kinds of leaf vegetables and seedling dish;

2. adopt automatically control and sensor technology, designed and developed collection automatic light-supplementing, CO 2The several functions such as concentration adjustment control, humiture varitrol and nutrient solution automatic cycle are in the novel vegetable garden of one management system;

3. in the plantation casing, nutrient solution between interlayer and the interlayer is realized circulation and circulation by short piece, only need seedling put in the hole of interlayer and get final product, the Based Intelligent Control pattern of cultivating in the discontinuous immersion nutrient solution of this kind can make process of crop growth fast, quality better, save fertilizer, conserve water.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of patent working example of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the inner structure schematic diagram of patent working example of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the Based Intelligent Control structure principle chart of patent working example of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the industrial control board schematic diagram of patent working example of the present invention.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, further illustrate the present invention.

Shown in Fig. 1-4, miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system comprises plantation casing 1 and Based Intelligent Control structure; Be provided with the interlayer 2 that multilayer is used for planting plants in the plantation casing 1, be provided with three led light sources (blue light and ruddiness) 6, water pipe 7, temperature sensor 8, humidity sensor 9, CO in each interlayer 2 2Sensor 10 and optical sensor 11;

The Based Intelligent Control structure comprises man-machine interface 3, industrial control board 4 and gathers topworks; The user sends operational order by described man-machine interface 3 to industrial control board 4; Industrial control board 4 comprises processor, reset chip, watchdog chip, relay and power supply; Gather topworks and comprise collecting mechanism and topworks; Collecting mechanism comprises temperature sensor 8, humidity sensor 9, CO 2Sensor 10 and optical sensor 11; Topworks comprises air ventilation in the compressor 5, well heater 12, fan 13(fan 13 implement devices), led light source (blue light and ruddiness) 6 and water pump 14; Industrial control board arranges the top of plantation casing 1, and man-machine interface is arranged on the lateral wall of plantation casing 1, CO 2Generator 15 is arranged on box back surface; Compressor 5 is located at plantation casing 1 lower end; Well heater 12 is located on the sidewall of the lower end of planting casing 1 inside, the sidewall of each interlayer is provided with fan 13, bottom in the plantation casing 1 is provided with nutrient solution automatic circulating device, the nutrient solution device is extracted nutrient solution out by water pump 14, water pump 14 is located at long water pipe 7 on the highest interlayer is extracted into nutrient solution the highest interlayer 2 from the bottom of device side upper end by a water delivering orifice, these interlayer 2 relative opposite side bottoms are provided with water delivering orifice, water outlet is connected to the short piece water inlet, lower one deck interlayer 2(that the outlet of short piece is arranged on its water inlet same side is called the second interlayer) upper end, the second interlayer bottom of a side relative to the outlet of short piece is provided with water delivering orifice, water outlet connects the short piece water inlet, lower one deck interlayer 2(that the outlet of short piece is arranged on its water inlet phase the same side is called the 3rd interlayer) upper end, by that analogy, until basecoat interlayer 2, transmit nutrient solution by short piece between the interlayer 2, the bottom of basecoat interlayer 2 is provided with water delivering orifice, and by short piece and nutrient solution device UNICOM, thereby realize effective automatic cycle of nutrient solution, reduce the waste of nutrient solution.As shown in Figure 2, nutrient solution flows into from the upper left quarter of the highest interlayer 2, flow to upper right quarter the second layer cultivation box from its right lower quadrant, left side water delivering orifice from second layer cultivation box flow to the 3rd layer upper left quarter again, be back to the nutrient solution device of bottom from the 3rd layer right side water delivering orifice at last, adopt the method for cultivating in the discontinuous immersion nutrient solution of this kind can make growing process fast, quality better, save fertilizer, conserve water.

The output terminal of collecting mechanism connects the input end of industrial control board 4; The output terminal of industrial control board 4 connects respectively man-machine interface 3 and topworks;

Temperature sensor 8, humidity sensor 9, CO 2Sensor 10 and optical sensor 11 are with the humiture, the CO that collect 2The analog signals of concentration and illumination is issued industrial control board 4, and industrial control board 4 shows humiture and the photometric data that receives by man-machine interface 3; Industrial control board 4 is according to the humiture that receives and the work of photometric data control topworks simultaneously.

Industrial control board 4 is connected with man-machine interface 3 by the RS485 interface; Man-machine interface 3 is touch display.

Industrial control board 4 selects ULN2803 to drive as relay, and industrial control board 4 also comprises storer.

Industrial control board 4 has two kinds according to the mode of the humiture that receives and the work of photometric data control topworks, and a kind of is hand-guided, and a kind of is automatic control;

The detailed process of hand-guided is: the plant that the user plants according to every layer of interlayer pre-sets humiture, CO by man-machine interface 3 2Concentration and illumination value scope, industrial control board 4 are received temperature, humidity, the CO that collecting mechanism sends 2Behind concentration and the photometric data, with default each layer humiture CO 2Concentration and illumination value scope relatively determine whether to start drive compression machine 5, well heater, fan, light benefit device (led light source, blue light and ruddiness) or nutrient solution automatic circulating device, CO 2The time whether generator is worked and worked; If temperature, humidity, CO that collecting mechanism sends 2Humiture, CO that concentration and photometric data are not inputted 2Concentration and illumination value scope, then drive compression machine 5, well heater, fan, light are mended device, CO 2Generator or nutrient solution automatic circulating device work are until satisfy the needed humiture of the plant of each layer, CO 2Concentration and illumination value scope just make topworks quit work;

Automatically the detailed process of control is: humiture, CO that temperature, humidity and the photometric data that industrial control board sends collecting mechanism and default corresponding plant (for example romaine lettuce) need 2Concentration and illumination value scope compare, and determine drive compression machine, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2The time whether generator or nutrient solution automatic circulating device are worked and worked.

The above only is embodiments of the present invention, should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also make some improvement, and these improvement also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system is characterized in that: comprise plantation casing and Based Intelligent Control structure; There is multilayer to be used for the interlayer of planting plants in the described plantation casing, bottom one side of interlayer is provided with water delivering orifice, and the water delivering orifice of adjacent two interlayers lays respectively at relative both sides, water outlet is connected with short piece, the outlet of the short piece that last layer interlayer water delivering orifice connects is located at the upper end of lower one deck interlayer, make the nutrient solution in the last layer interlayer flow into lower one deck interlayer by short piece, the Based Intelligent Control pattern of cultivating in the discontinuous immersion nutrient solution of this kind can make process of crop growth fast, quality better, save fertilizer, conserve water; Described Based Intelligent Control structure comprises man-machine interface, industrial control board and collection topworks; The user sends operational order by described man-machine interface to industrial control board; Described industrial control board comprises processor, reset chip, watchdog chip, relay and power supply; Described collection topworks comprises collecting mechanism and topworks; Described collecting mechanism comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, CO 2Concentration sensor and optical sensor; Described topworks comprises compressor, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2Generator and nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying; Described industrial control board, man-machine interface, CO 2Generator and compressor are located at the outside of plantation casing; Described temperature sensor, humidity sensor, CO 2Concentration sensor and optical sensor are located at the inside of plantation casing;
CO 2Generator is arranged on box back surface; Compressor is located at plantation casing lower end; Well heater is located on the sidewall of the lower end of planting box house, the sidewall of each interlayer is provided with fan, bottom in the plantation casing is provided with nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying, the nutrient solution device is extracted nutrient solution out by water pump, water pump is extracted into the side upper end of high interlayer with nutrient solution from the bottom of device by the long water pipe that a water delivering orifice is located on the highest interlayer, and the water delivering orifice of high interlayer is located at the opposite side bottom relative with the long water pipe outlet; The short piece that the bottom water delivering orifice of basecoat interlayer connects and nutrient solution device UNICOM, thereby realize the Efficient Cycle of nutrient solution, the Based Intelligent Control pattern of cultivating in the discontinuous immersion nutrient solution of this kind can make process of crop growth fast, quality better, save fertilizer, conserve water;
The output terminal of described collecting mechanism connects the input end of industrial control board; The output terminal of described industrial control board connects respectively man-machine interface and topworks;
Described temperature sensor, humidity sensor, CO 2Concentration sensor and optical sensor are with the humiture, the CO that collect 2The analog signals of concentration and illumination converts digital signal to and issues industrial control board, and industrial control board is with the humiture, the CO that receive 2Concentration and photometric data show by man-machine interface; Industrial control board is according to the humiture, the CO that receive simultaneously 2Concentration and the work of photometric data control topworks.
2. miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described industrial control board has two kinds according to the mode of the humiture that receives and the work of photometric data control topworks, a kind of is hand-guided, and a kind of is automatic control;
The detailed process of described hand-guided is: the user needs temperature, humidity, the CO of control by the man-machine interface input 2Concentration and photometric data, man-machine interface will be inputted data and send to industrial control board, temperature, humidity, CO that industrial control board sends man-machine interface 2Temperature, humidity, CO that concentration and photometric data and collecting mechanism send 2Concentration and photometric data compare, and determine drive compression machine, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2The time whether generator and nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying are worked and worked;
The detailed process of described automatic control is: industrial control board is according to the growth conditions of default plant (for example romaine lettuce), each time period required all kinds of envirment factors of growing seedlings are divided into several fuzzy subsets, determine fuzzy rule, foundation is to the control of plant growth environment, and industrial control board is with temperature, humidity, the CO of collecting mechanism transmission 2Humiture, CO that concentration and photometric data and default corresponding plant need 2Concentration and illumination value scope compare, and determine drive compression machine, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2The time whether generator or nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying are worked and worked.
3. miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described industrial control board is connected with man-machine interface by the RS485 interface; Described man-machine interface is touch display.
4. miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described industrial control board selects ULN2803 to drive as relay, and industrial control board also comprises storer.
5. miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the top of described every layer of interlayer is provided with light and mends device, is used for the plant light compensation to each interlayer; The control model of nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying by cultivating in the discontinuous immersion nutrient solution of plant on every layer of interlayer of water pump realization.
6. miniature closed plant planting environment factor intelligent regulating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described industrial control board hierarchical control topworks, be specially: the plant that the user plants according to every layer of interlayer pre-sets humiture, CO by man-machine interface 2Concentration and illumination value scope, industrial control board are received temperature, humidity, the CO that collecting mechanism sends 2Behind concentration and the photometric data, compare with the Various types of data scope of presetting, determine whether to start every layer of drive compression machine, well heater, fan, light benefit device, CO 2The time whether generator or nutrient solution automatic cycle device for supplying are worked and worked.
CN2012105524004A 2012-12-19 2012-12-19 Miniature closed type intelligent adjustment system of plant cultivation environmental factors CN103034210A (en)

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