CN203206878U - Miniature plant factory - Google Patents

Miniature plant factory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203206878U
CN203206878U CN2013201149654U CN201320114965U CN203206878U CN 203206878 U CN203206878 U CN 203206878U CN 2013201149654 U CN2013201149654 U CN 2013201149654U CN 201320114965 U CN201320114965 U CN 201320114965U CN 203206878 U CN203206878 U CN 203206878U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant
nutrient solution
factory
microphyte
incubator
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2013201149654U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高菊玲
孔德志
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Priority to CN2013201149654U priority Critical patent/CN203206878U/en
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Publication of CN203206878U publication Critical patent/CN203206878U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of plant factories and particularly relates to a miniature plant factory controlled by an intelligent control system. The miniature plant factory comprises an automatic nutrient solution proportioning system and a plant incubator which are communicated through a pipe, wherein the automatic nutrient solution proportioning system and the plant incubator are both connected with a controller, and the plant incubator comprises a plant culture substrate layer and a light supplement lamp. A nutrient solution is obtained through the automatic proportioning system and is high in precision and capable of providing various nutrients required for plant growth; and environment factors (temperature, humidity, illumination intensity and concentration of CO2) in the plant incubator as well as the pH value and EC (Elasticity Coefficient) value of the nutrient solution are collected through corresponding sensors, the collected analog signals are monitored by a PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) in real time, and the temperature, humidity, illumination intensity and concentration of CO2 of the incubator and various parameters of the nutrient solution are controlled in real time, so that the miniature plant factory is suitable for the growth of plants.

Description

A kind of microphyte factory
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the plant factor field, is specifically related to a kind of microphyte factory by intelligence control system control.
Background technology
The concept of plant factor (Plant Factory) is put forward by Japan the earliest, definition according to association of factory of Japanese plant, plant factor realizes crops anniversary quantity-produced system by high accuracy environment control in the facility, namely is to utilize calculator to temperature, humidity, illumination, the CO of plant growth 2Environmental condition such as concentration and nutrient solution is controlled automatically, makes the growth of facility implants not be subjected to or seldom be subjected to the mode of production of natural conditions restriction.
Microphyte factory carries out miniaturization to plant factor exactly, is that crop is built a suitable growing environment by intelligence control system.Because people need be at the different vegetables and fruits of plantation in limited space, so the environment conditionings such as structural division, nutrient solution system and temp. and humidity of plant factor of family are had higher requirement.At home, the microphyte factory of family expenses was just just growing up in recent years, and Beijing Jingpeng Global Technology Co., Ltd. has developed JPWZ-1 type microphyte factory, but equipment is still comparatively huge, the inconvenience carrying.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the problems referred to above, provide a kind of realize nutrient solution precisely prepare, provide the required nutrition of each plant growth and real-time monitoring temp. and humidity, intensity of illumination, CO automatically 2Concentration makes the microphyte factory of its optimum plant growth.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of microphyte factory, it is characterized in that: comprise the nutrient solution automatic mixing system and the plant incubator that are communicated with by pipeline, the nutrient solution automatic mixing system all is connected with controller with plant incubator, and described plant incubator comprises plant culture matrix layer, light filling lamp.
Aforesaid a kind of microphyte factory also comprises touch-screen, and touch-screen is communicated with controller.
Aforesaid a kind of microphyte factory, described nutrient solution automatic mixing system is made of nutrient solution blending tank, force pump, Venturi tube, filter, mother liquor pond/back pool.
Aforesaid a kind of microphyte factory, described nutrient solution blending tank is provided with PH sensor, EC sensor.
Aforesaid a kind of microphyte factory, described plant incubator is hierachical structure, each layer is provided with plant culture matrix layer and light filling lamp.
Aforesaid a kind of microphyte factory is provided with illuminance transducer, the CO of the information of transmitting to controller in the described plant incubator 2Sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor.
Aforesaid a kind of microphyte factory, described plant incubator is provided with blower fan and heater.
The pre-configured required high concentration mother liquor of plant growth is placed in the first mother liquor pond, the second mother liquor pond, the 3rd mother liquor pond respectively, controller preestablishes nutrient solution concentration, pH value, EC(electrical conductivity according to the plant of different cultivars and the required nutrient of the different vegetative stages of plant) intensity of illumination, temperature, humidity, the CO of value, temperature value and plant incubator 2Parameters such as concentration.3 kinds of mother liquors fully mix by filter and in the nutrient solution blending tank under the acting in conjunction of force pump and Venturi tube, manometer indication loine pressure, and the nutrient solution that configures provides nutrient by the plant in the pipeline branch course plant incubator.LED light filling lamp, illuminance transducer, Temperature Humidity Sensor and CO 2Sensor is worked simultaneously, and each parameter dynamic reflection is on touch screen terminal.Unnecessary nutrient solution is by loop stream Huis pond.
Nutrient solution is finished by automatic mixing system, and the precision height provides each plant growth required nutrition; Envirment factor in the plant incubator such as illumination, temperature, humidity, CO 2Concentration, and the pH value of nutrient solution, EC value, solution temperature are gathered by corresponding sensor, the analog signal conversion that collects becomes corresponding voltage or current signal, carries out real-time monitoring by controller PLC, and the result that will monitor is presented on the touch-screen.If corresponding parameter is lower than or is higher than setting value, carry out real-time adjustment and control to each parameter, to satisfy the growth of crop in the microphyte factory.As the illumination deficiency, carry out the LED light filling, temperature is not enough, real-time monitoring incubator temp. and humidity, intensity of illumination, CO such as heat 2Concentration, and each parameter of nutrient solution make its optimum plant growth.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of a kind of microphyte factory;
Fig. 2 is the control principle figure of microphyte factory;
Wherein, 1 nutrient solution blending tank, 2 PH sensors, 3 EC sensors, 4 force pumps, 5 Venturi tubes, 6 manometers, 7 filters, 8 back pools, the 9a first mother liquor pond, the 9b second mother liquor pond, 9c the 3rd mother liquor pond, 10 illuminance transducers, 11 CO 2Sensor, 12 Temperature Humidity Sensors, 13 touch-screens, 14 plant culture matrix layers, 15 LED light filling lamps, 16 controllers.
Embodiment
For technical scheme, technical characterictic that the utility model is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, further set forth the utility model.
Microphyte factory carries out the uninterrupted system that produces of plant in sealing or semi-enclosed growing space, needing in system provides suitable growing environment to plant, and to the illumination in the growing environment, temperature, humidity, CO 2The pH value of concentration and nutrient solution, EC value etc. are monitored and are controlled, and can realize that plant is not subjected to the uninterrupted production of season, environment, climatic effect.
Put at home because ornaments can be used as by microphyte factory, so must by certain measure, regulate its inner illumination according to kind and the vegetative stage of crop, create good illumination condition, improve the photosynthetic efficiency of crop.The design adopts red and blue LED to carry out light filling, because the spectrum field width of LED is about ± 20nm, wavelength just in time coincide with the spectral range of photosynthesis of plant and morphogenesis.And the led light source life-span is long, the luminous efficiency height.
Temperature is very big to the growing of crop, output, quality influence, so must carry out Thermal Environment Control in the microphyte factory, the level that temperature maintenance is needed by artificial measure in plant growth.If temperature is lower than the temperature that crop needs, can improve temperature by heating, if temperature is higher than the temperature of crop needs, can reduce temperature by ventilating.
The size of humidity not only can affect crop transpiration and ground surface evaporating capacity in the facility, and directly affects the generation of crop photosynthesis intensity and disease.The control of relative moisture can be adopted methods such as heating, ventilation and moisture absorption in the plant factor.When relative moisture is lower than the plant growth level, need carry out humidification, commonly used have spraying humidification and a wet curtain blower fan cooling system humidification.When relative moisture is higher than the plant growth level, can be by gravity-flow ventilation or forced ventilation, heat pump humidification etc.
CO 2Be the important source material of crop photosynthesis effect, plant provides energy by photosynthesis for various biological or chemical effects in the plant corpus.Microphyte factory is the space of a relative closure, CO 2Concentration just can directly influence the growth of crop, so CO 2Concentration is one of important envirment factor of microphyte factory.The design mainly adopts bottled liquid CO 2Carry out CO 2Replenishing of concentration.
Nutrient fluid cultivation is a kind of soil that do not rely on, but plant species is implanted in the culturing device that a certain amount of nutrient solution is housed, or the culture technique on the implant bed that non-natural soil matrix materials such as being furnished with the sand of nutrient solution, gravel, vermiculite, perlite, rice husk, slag, rock wool, bagasse is made.The design adopts fixedly substrate culture, supports crop root and the cultivation mode of the certain moisture of crop and nutritive element is provided by haydite, the root system of crop is fixed in the haydite cultivates, and the mode by trickle irrigation provides nutrient solution to crop.Simultaneously layer stereo formula cultivation means be can utilize, batch production and the modernization of agricultural production are conducive to realize.
Nutrient solution is the material base of plant growth in the nutrient fluid cultivation mode of production, and the composition of nutrient solution, concentration directly influence the speed that cultivated plant grows, and are related to output, quality and the economic benefit of crop.The nutrient solution automatic mixing system can carry out online management to nutrient solution, and the main nutrient elements in the nutrient solution such as pH value, EC value etc. are carried out on-line monitoring, and replenishing of nutrient solution shot the arrow at the target, and accurate quantification is supplied with, and realizes the accurate management of nutrient solution.
According to Fig. 1, a kind of microphyte factory, it is characterized in that: comprise the nutrient solution automatic mixing system and the plant incubator that are communicated with by pipeline, the nutrient solution automatic mixing system all is connected with controller 16 with plant incubator, described plant incubator comprises plant culture matrix layer 14, LED light filling lamp 15, comprise that also touch-screen 13(prestige synthetic fibre leads to scientific and technological WEINVIEW MT6056i), touch-screen 13 and controller 16(Siemens S7-200PLC) be communicated with.
The nutrient solution automatic mixing system is made of nutrient solution blending tank 1, force pump 4, manometer 6, Venturi tube 5, filter 7, mother liquor pond/back pool 8.Nutrient solution blending tank 1 is provided with PH sensor 2, EC sensor 3 and temperature sensor.
Plant incubator is hierachical structure, and each layer is provided with plant culture matrix layer 14 and light filling lamp.Be provided with illuminance transducer 10, CO by controller 16 controls in the plant incubator 2Sensor 11 and Temperature Humidity Sensor 12.Plant incubator is provided with blower fan and heater.
According to Fig. 2, the envirment factor in the microphyte factory such as illumination, temperature, humidity, CO 2Concentration, the pH value of nutrient solution, EC value are gathered by corresponding sensor, and the analog signal conversion that collects becomes corresponding voltage or current signal, carries out real-time monitoring by PLC, and the result that will monitor is presented on the touch-screen 13.If corresponding parameter is lower than or is higher than setting value, carry out real-time adjustment and control to each parameter, to satisfy the growth of crop in the microphyte factory.As the illumination deficiency, carry out the LED light filling, temperature is not enough, heat etc.Nutrient solution is finished by automatic mixing system among the design, is configured to the nutrient solution of the required nutrient component of crops automatically according to given mother liquor, acid (alkali) and water.
The functional module of microphyte factory mainly comprises data acquisition module, and the major function of data acquisition module is illumination, temperature, humidity, the CO that realizes in the microphyte factory 2Concentration, the collection of liquid PH value, EC value etc., and the result that will gather sends the analog-to-digital conversion module of PLC to, through the processing of PLC, demonstrates the various parameters of real-time collection at touch-screen; Actuator module, actuator module realizes blower fan, heater, LED light filling, CO 2Replenish the control that waits object, each execution architecture receives the order from PLC, controls the state of each execution architecture automatically by relay.The internal environment of microphyte factory wants to reach the proper environment of plant growth, needs the cooperation of each executing agency.Be lower than the needed illumination of plant growth as intensity of illumination, then carry out the LED light filling automatically.
The first mother liquor pond 9a, the second mother liquor pond 9b, the 3rd mother liquor pond 9c place the pre-configured required high concentration mother liquor of plant growth respectively, controller 16 preestablishes nutrient solution concentration, pH value, EC(electrical conductivity according to the plant of different cultivars and the required nutrient of the different vegetative stages of plant) intensity of illumination, temperature, humidity, the CO of value, temperature value and plant incubator 2Parameters such as concentration.3 kinds of mother liquors fully mix by filter 7 and in nutrient solution blending tank 1 under the acting in conjunction of force pump 4 and Venturi tube 5, manometer 6 indication loine pressures, and the nutrient solution that configures provides nutrient by the plant in the pipeline branch course plant incubator.LED light filling lamp 15, illuminance transducer 10, Temperature Humidity Sensor 12 and CO 2Sensor 11 is worked simultaneously, and each parameter dynamic reflection is on touch-screen 13 terminals.Unnecessary nutrient solution is by loop stream Huis pond 8.
Above-described embodiment does not limit the utility model in any form, all take to be equal to replace or technical scheme that the form of equivalent transformation obtains, all drop within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. microphyte factory, it is characterized in that: comprise the nutrient solution automatic mixing system and the plant incubator that are communicated with by pipeline, the nutrient solution automatic mixing system all is connected with controller with plant incubator, and described plant incubator comprises plant culture matrix layer, light filling lamp.
2. a kind of microphyte according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: also comprise touch-screen, touch-screen is communicated with controller.
3. a kind of microphyte according to claim 2 factory, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution automatic mixing system is made of nutrient solution blending tank, force pump, Venturi tube, filter, mother liquor pond/back pool.
4. a kind of microphyte according to claim 3 factory, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution blending tank is provided with PH sensor, EC sensor.
5. a kind of microphyte according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described plant incubator is hierachical structure, each layer is provided with plant culture matrix layer and light filling lamp.
6. a kind of microphyte according to claim 1 factory is characterized in that: the illuminance transducer, the CO that are provided with the information of transmitting to controller in the described plant incubator 2Sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor.
7. a kind of microphyte according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described plant incubator is provided with blower fan and heater.
CN2013201149654U 2013-03-14 2013-03-14 Miniature plant factory Expired - Fee Related CN203206878U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416292A (en) * 2013-09-11 2013-12-04 王爱武 Domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine
CN103499984A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-08 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Nutrient solution ion concentration control method and system
CN103749274A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-30 吴燕妮 Combined soilless cultivation device
CN104396630A (en) * 2014-12-21 2015-03-11 中国海洋大学 Domestic leaf vegetable incubator and programmed cultivation method
CN105104155A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-02 哈尔滨工业大学 Intelligent plant cultivation device for self-supply life support system in space station
CN106212111A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-14 北京明和技研科技有限公司 A kind of plant factor system
WO2017041757A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 爱勒康农业科技有限公司 Soilless plant culture system
CN106550858A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-04-05 广西大学 Potted plant growth soil moisture self-checking device
CN106577031A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-04-26 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Laboratory simulation device for wetland microhabitat
CN108124755A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-08 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 A kind of plant factor
CN108184475A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-22 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 A kind of illumination system of plant factor
CN108551909A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-09-21 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 A kind of stroboscopic method of plant illumination device
WO2020133669A1 (en) 2018-12-27 2020-07-02 惠州市康耐特电装有限公司 Plant factory
CN112005758A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-12-01 福建九圃生物科技有限公司 Full-automatic LED illumination and irrigation system based on three-dimensional cultivation frame

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416292A (en) * 2013-09-11 2013-12-04 王爱武 Domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine
CN103499984A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-08 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Nutrient solution ion concentration control method and system
CN103499984B (en) * 2013-09-26 2016-09-28 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 nutrient solution ion concentration control method and system
CN103749274A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-30 吴燕妮 Combined soilless cultivation device
CN104396630A (en) * 2014-12-21 2015-03-11 中国海洋大学 Domestic leaf vegetable incubator and programmed cultivation method
CN105104155A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-02 哈尔滨工业大学 Intelligent plant cultivation device for self-supply life support system in space station
WO2017041757A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 爱勒康农业科技有限公司 Soilless plant culture system
CN106212111A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-14 北京明和技研科技有限公司 A kind of plant factor system
CN106550858A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-04-05 广西大学 Potted plant growth soil moisture self-checking device
CN106577031A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-04-26 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Laboratory simulation device for wetland microhabitat
CN108124755A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-08 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 A kind of plant factor
CN108184475A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-22 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 A kind of illumination system of plant factor
CN108184475B (en) * 2017-12-25 2020-06-19 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 Illumination system of plant factory
CN108551909A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-09-21 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 A kind of stroboscopic method of plant illumination device
CN108551909B (en) * 2018-01-08 2020-06-19 中科稀土(长春)有限责任公司 Stroboscopic method of plant lighting device
WO2020133669A1 (en) 2018-12-27 2020-07-02 惠州市康耐特电装有限公司 Plant factory
CN112005758A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-12-01 福建九圃生物科技有限公司 Full-automatic LED illumination and irrigation system based on three-dimensional cultivation frame

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Granted publication date: 20130925

Termination date: 20160314