CN205755890U - Intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus - Google Patents

Intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205755890U
CN205755890U CN201620716288.7U CN201620716288U CN205755890U CN 205755890 U CN205755890 U CN 205755890U CN 201620716288 U CN201620716288 U CN 201620716288U CN 205755890 U CN205755890 U CN 205755890U
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China
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cultivation
space
plantation
intellectual
mixed planting
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CN201620716288.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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李心清
高体登
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Guizhou Ping Ping Environmental Protection Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Guizhou Ping Ping Environmental Protection Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus, including enclosed casing, the column being arranged in casing, casing is divided into the dividing plate of different jacket space, described jacket space is divided into plantation space and breeding spaces, is provided with air exchange and blood circulation between described plantation space and breeding spaces.This utility model is capable of family's balcony plantation and breeding integrated, bring up healthy plantation and cultivating condition, realize the mass exchange of plantation and breeding environment, the circulation of isolation implant and cultivation apparatus and ambient air, this utility model not only solves the Peculiar Smell that " family's agro-farming " is frequently run onto, also make in plantation space oxygen transmission produced by plant to the animal of breeding spaces, and cultivate produced ammonia and be transferred to plant the plant in space, strengthen the mutual reciprocity and mutual benefit of plantation and cultivation, it is particularly suitable for plantation and the cultivation field of animal of plant.

Description

Intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of intellectual animal cultivation and plant growing mixing arrangement, belongs to agricultural planting and cultivation Technical field.
Background technology
The urbanization of China, the raising of life of urban resident grade and to green food such as fowl, egg, really, the craving for of vegetables etc., Break life " city agro-farming " heat.Balcony (including balcony and cloudy platform), particularly balcony are that most family realizes " city agro-farming " dream The main place thought.The agricultural of slight balcony makes many painstaking effort and the sweat having spent " city agro-farming " fan.
Balcony agricultural is different from field agricultural, has the problem that it is special.Its primary problem is that sunlight is the most sufficient, therefore Need light filling;Next to that feedwater Yao Neng automatization, thus the problem that the personnel that solve go out also can irrigate;3rd is that temperature is the lowest In field, it is therefore desirable to manually heat;4th, the balcony of most families " does not reveals ", but uses glass door and window in fitment process Close, it is therefore desirable to solve ventilation and ventilating problem.For the specific question of balcony agricultural, utility model patent " intelligence plant Cultivation box " (number of patent application: 201210184515.2) disclose one be capable of temperature automatic control, automatic ventilation, from Dynamic illumination and the cultivation box of automatic spray, by arranging dividing plate, nutritional solution case, drip irrigation water tank, water pump water pipe, planting in this casing Thing growth lamp, air intake fan, exhaust fan, and control system etc. realizes balcony plantation.Utility model patent " a kind of balcony modularity Multi-layer stereo plantation system " (number of patent application: 201510483802.7) then disclose one and can exist with module stacked system The device of vegetable three-dimensional planting is carried out on balcony.Similar patent is numerous, meets plantation hobby for urbanite and provides bar Part.But " city agro-farming " is not limited only to plantation, and fowl, the cultivation of poultry animal are also important contents, still realize city simultaneously The content that resident's green food dream is indispensable.The cultivation of poultry animal is possible not only to provide green egg white matter food, more permissible There is provided fertilizer for balcony plantation, ensure the greenization of plantation.Additionally aid circulation and the high level realizing dining table residue simultaneously Utilize.This is needed the technology that can integrate plantation and cultivate.The technical scheme aiming at plantation and design is difficult to This purpose, reason is that the cultivation carrying out animal in balcony not only needs the control programs such as temperature, ventilation, illumination and feedwater, also Ventilation etc. is needed to go the technology eliminated the unusual smell especially.To this, this patent discloses a kind of technical side integrating and planting and cultivate Case, it is possible to realize green planting in balcony and cultivation is carried out simultaneously, and ensure the cleaning ambient of balcony.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: provides a kind of and integrates plantation and the device cultivated, brings up strong The plantation of health and cultivating condition, realization plantation and the mass exchange of breeding environment, isolation implant and cultivation apparatus and balcony environment The circulation of air.It is ingenious that this device has structure, easy to operate, runs the features such as intelligent, can be household balcony and cloudy platform ring Border is carried out plantation and cultivation provides technology and equipment, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus, including enclosed casing, The column being arranged in casing, is divided into the dividing plate of different jacket space by casing, and described jacket space is divided into plantation space and supports Grow space, between described plantation space and breeding spaces, be provided with air exchange and blood circulation.
Described air exchange and blood circulation include two-way blower fan, with the hollow pillar stand of air vent, ventilation duct, first single To air door, the second unidirectional air door and the 3rd unidirectional air door, one end of described two-way blower fan is connected by ventilation duct and a root post, The other end also connects the first and second unidirectional air doors, and wherein the first unidirectional air door is by ventilation shaft opening with air outside balcony even Logical, the second unidirectional air door is connected with another root post, and upper box body side is provided with the 3rd unidirectional air door.
Being equipped with temperature probe and heating assembly in plantation space and breeding spaces, temperature probe passes through controller and adds Hot assembly connects.
Being equipped with light source in plantation space and breeding spaces, this light source connects with photoelectric controller and probe (photosensitive switch) Connect.
Being provided with water supply installation and soil moisture probe in plantation space, soil moisture probe is by controller and the dress that supplies water Put connection.
In described breeding spaces, vertical tank wall is provided with several horizon bars.
Described casing is all around surrounded by the sheet material being fixed on four root posts with top, shape together with foot dividing plate Become the cabinet space sealed.
It is provided with universal wheel at described column or box bottom.
Described water supply installation includes feed pipe, electromagnetic valve, nutritional solution case and water pump, and wherein feed pipe passes through electromagnetic valve Door, water pump are connected with nutritional solution case, and described feed pipe is soakaway trench or spray irrigation pipe or drip irrigation pipe.
Lateral surface at described breeding spaces arranges water supply and feeding device.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: be capable of family's balcony plantation and breeding integrated, cultivate and carry for plantation For organic fertilizer production green fruit-vegetable.The body structure and the ventilation system that seal not only solve " family's agro-farming " and usually meet The Peculiar Smell arrived, also makes in plantation space oxygen transmission produced by plant to the animal of breeding spaces, and cultivates and produced Ammonia be transferred to plant space plant, strengthen plantation with cultivation mutual reciprocity and mutual benefit.Even if intellectualized operation is seen at nobody Also plantation and cultivation activity can be carried out under pipe.Stereo chamber type structure can make full use of space, balcony, at limited space resources Under the conditions of produce maximum plantation and culture benefit.The setting of lamp source and heating assembly makes equally may be used under cryogenic conditions unglazed To carry out family planting and cultivation activity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1. this utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2. this utility model heats, ventilates and the control structure figure that feeds water;
Fig. 3. this utility model lighting control structure figure;
Fig. 4. this utility model two box structure air outer circulation structure figure;
Fig. 5 this utility model two box structure internal air circulation structure chart;
Fig. 6. temperature of the present utility model, ventilate and to water management with regulation workflow diagram;
Fig. 7. this utility model three box structure air outer circulation structure figure;
Fig. 8. this utility model three box structure internal air circulation structure chart;
In figure: 1-sheet material;2-column;3-reinforces and a support component;4-dividing plate;5-universal wheel;6-light source;7-heating group Part;8-water supply installation;9-soil moisture is popped one's head in;10-temperature probe;The unidirectional wind of 11a-first 2;The unidirectional air door of 11b-second 3; The unidirectional air door of 11c-the 3rd;12-supplies water and feeding device;13-controller;14-horizon bar;15-air vent;16-two-way blower fan; 17-air flow path footpath is illustrated.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, new to this practicality below in conjunction with accompanying drawing Type is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1:
As Figure 1-3, this utility model mixed planting and cultivation apparatus include casing, dividing plate 4, air exchange and circulation System, with the column 2 of air vent 15, universal wheel 5, heats assembly 7, temperature probe 10, light source 6, soil moisture probe 9, supplies Water device 8, horizon bar 14, supply water and feeding device 12, controller 13.
Wherein, casing is all around surrounded by the sheet material 1 being fixed on four root posts 2 with top, with foot dividing plate 4 one Rise and form the cabinet space sealed.
Casing in wave or accordion, horizontal positioned, is divided into two jacket spaces by dividing plate 4, and top is plantation space, under Portion is breeding spaces.Reinforcing and support component 3 are set at the two ends of vertical partition plate wave or fold underlap direction, such as angle steel or Channel-section steel or post steel or batten or lucite post or bar etc., in the anterior enabling in each space, door surrounding inner edge arranges sealing strip.
Top in plantation space and breeding spaces is mounted on light source 6 and heating assembly 7, wherein plants the light in space Source is set to red blue two kinds, is all connected with photosensitive switch, and photosensitive switch is arranged on the outside suitable place of casing so that it is with casing Accept same external light source.Be provided with temperature probe 10 in box inside portion, temperature probe 10 is by controller 13 and heating group Part 7 connects.
In plantation top of space or bottom, water supply installation 8 is installed, soil moisture probe 9, soil are installed bottom it Moisture probe 9 is connected with water supply installation 8 by controller 13, and wherein water supply installation 8 includes feed pipe, electromagnetic valve, nutritional solution Case and water pump, feed pipe is connected with nutritional solution case by electromagnetic valve, water pump, and feed pipe may select soakaway trench or spray irrigation pipe or drips Filling pipe, electromagnetic valve is connected with controller 13 wire.So soil moisture probe 9 can detect the humidity letter of plant growing soil Breath, and transmit this information to controller 13, whether controller 13 irrigates according to the programmed decision set.This reality Artesian water tap also can be directly used to substitute water pump in novel.
In described breeding spaces, vertical left and right tank wall is provided with several horizon bars 14.It is provided with universal bottom column 2 Wheel 5.Lateral surface at breeding spaces arranges water supply and feeding device 12, in order to animal is taken food, and wherein supplies water and feeding device 12 can use openable sealing flume, crib version.
As illustrated in figures 4-5, plantation space and breeding spaces are provided with air exchange and blood circulation, so that two spaces Interior air exchanges circulation or arranges outward.Wherein air exchange and blood circulation assembly include two-way blower fan 16, with air vent 15 Hollow pillar stand 2 and three unidirectional air doors.Two-way blower fan 16 one end is connected by ventilation duct and a root post 2, the other end and the One unidirectional air door 11a and the second unidirectional air door 11b is connected, and wherein the first unidirectional air door 11a is opened on balcony by ventilation shaft Outer air, the second unidirectional air door 11b is connected by pipeline and a root post 2, and the 3rd unidirectional air door 11c is arranged on upper strata case-side Wall.
As shown in Figure 4, when air outer circulation, two-way blower fan 16 is outwards bled from cultivation casing thus is produced negative wherein Pressure, air enters in plantation space from the unidirectional air door 11c of the 3rd be arranged at cultivation box sidewall under this suction function, passes through Plantation space after entered in breeding spaces by the column 2 being provided with air vent 15 up and down, by after breeding spaces by two-way The column 2 and the first unidirectional air door 11a of blower fan 16 connection is discharged to outside balcony, completes the outer circulation of air.
As it is shown in figure 5, when internal air circulation, two-way blower fan 16 is pressed into air in box for breeding, produces malleation wherein, Under this pressure effect, the air in box for breeding body enters into through the column 2 being provided with air vent 15 up and down plants in space, By being entered back into foster by another root post 2 and the second unidirectional air door 11b and two-way blower fan 16 being provided with air vent 15 after cultivation box Grow in space, so complete the interior circulation of air.Air in this circulation pattern lower box does not produce with casing outer air and hands over Change.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as shown in figures 2-6: lamp source 6 and the photosensitive switch that connected thereof are for according to outside Intensity of illumination is automatically for the illumination condition needed for plant growing and animal life offer;Temperature probe 10 is in detection case body Temperature, and deliver this to controller 13, controller 13 according to default temperature range by heating assembly 7 and air exchange and Blood circulation carries out temperature regulation;Soil moisture probe 9 is for detecting the humidity information of plant growing soil, and this information is passed Being defeated by controller 13, controller 13 is by the moisture of humidity value with the applicable plant growing set on controller 13 in advance Upper and lower end value compares, thus determines the Push And Release of electromagnetic valve: when humidity value is less than the lower value of moisture, control Device 13 processed is opened electromagnetic valve and is irrigated, and as needed fertilising, then adds liquid fertilizer in nutritional solution case, and nutrient is i.e. with water Banish among soil;In the humidity value detected is in the moisture content range of setting or higher than in the moisture set In limited time, controller 13 cuts out electromagnetic valve.
Embodiment 2:
It is divided into three jacket spaces, its air exchange and blood circulation to constitute and operation principle casing with two pieces of dividing plates 4 As Figure 7-8, when air outer circulation (Fig. 7), air (can be planted from orlop space under the draft effect of two-way blower fan 16 Plant and also can cultivate) extract the instantaneous negative pressure of formation out, under this suction function, extraneous air is from the 3rd be arranged at cultivation box sidewall Unidirectional air door 11c enters into the superiors space (can plant and also can cultivate), is then provided with the vertical of air vent 15 through upper, middle level Post 2 enters into middle space (can plant and also can cultivate), then via in, lower floor is provided with the column 2 of air vent 15 and enters into Undermost space (interior, finally it is discharged to outside balcony by with two-way blower fan 16 and the first unidirectional air door 11a, completes outside air Circulation.
Under interior circulation pattern (Fig. 8), air is pressed into orlop space (can plant and also can cultivate) by two-way blower fan 16, Wherein form instantaneous malleation, under this pressure effect the air in orlop space through in, hypomere be provided with the vertical of air vent 15 Post 2 enters in middle space, the most again through in, epimere is provided with on the column 2 of air vent 15 and enters into the superiors space In, then through only epimere be provided with air vent 15 column 2 and the second unidirectional air door 11b enter two-way blower fan 16, complete air Interior circulation.
Remaining structure is same as in Example 1.

Claims (10)

1. intellectual mixed planting and a cultivation apparatus, including enclosed casing, the column being arranged in casing (2), incites somebody to action Casing is divided into the dividing plate (4) of different jacket space, it is characterised in that: described jacket space is divided into plantation space and breeding spaces, It is provided with air exchange and blood circulation between described plantation space and breeding spaces.
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: described air exchange and following Loop systems includes two-way blower fan (16), with the hollow pillar stand (2) of air vent (15), ventilation duct, the first unidirectional air door (11a), Second unidirectional air door (11b) and the 3rd unidirectional air door (11c), one end of described two-way blower fan (16) is stood by ventilation duct and one Post (2) is connected, and the other end also connects the first unidirectional air door (11a) and the second unidirectional air door (11b), wherein the first unidirectional air door (11a) by ventilation shaft opening and atmosphere outside balcony, the second unidirectional air door (11b) is connected with another root post (2), Upper box body side is provided with the 3rd unidirectional air door (11c).
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: in plantation space and cultivation Being equipped with temperature probe (10) and heating assembly (7) in space, temperature probe (10) is by controller (13) and heating assembly (7) Connect.
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: in plantation space and cultivation Being equipped with light source (6) in space, this light source (6) is connected with controller (13) wire.
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: it is provided with in plantation space Water supply installation (8) and soil moisture probe (9), soil moisture probe (9) is connected with water supply installation (8) by controller (13).
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: in described breeding spaces Vertical tank wall is provided with several horizon bars (14).
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: described casing is all around Surrounding by the sheet material (1) being fixed on four root posts (2) with top, the casing forming sealing together with foot dividing plate (4) is empty Between.
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: at described column (2) or Box bottom is provided with universal wheel (5).
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 5 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: described water supply installation (8) Including feed pipe, electromagnetic valve, nutritional solution case and water pump, wherein feed pipe is connected with nutritional solution case by electromagnetic valve, water pump, Described feed pipe is soakaway trench or spray irrigation pipe or drip irrigation pipe.
Intellectual mixed planting the most according to claim 1 and cultivation apparatus, it is characterised in that: at described breeding spaces Lateral surface arrange water supply and feeding device (12).
CN201620716288.7U 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 Intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus Active CN205755890U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620716288.7U CN205755890U (en) 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 Intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620716288.7U CN205755890U (en) 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 Intellectual mixed planting and cultivation apparatus

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CN205755890U true CN205755890U (en) 2016-12-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993672A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 贵州野坪环保农业科技有限公司 Intelligent mixed planting and breeding device
CN109169537A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-11 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 A kind of method for breeding and device of torrid areas mealybug

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993672A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 贵州野坪环保农业科技有限公司 Intelligent mixed planting and breeding device
CN109169537A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-11 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 A kind of method for breeding and device of torrid areas mealybug

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