CN102523887A - Castor oil plant and polygonatum odoratum interplanting technique - Google Patents

Castor oil plant and polygonatum odoratum interplanting technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102523887A
CN102523887A CN2012100282884A CN201210028288A CN102523887A CN 102523887 A CN102523887 A CN 102523887A CN 2012100282884 A CN2012100282884 A CN 2012100282884A CN 201210028288 A CN201210028288 A CN 201210028288A CN 102523887 A CN102523887 A CN 102523887A
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China
Prior art keywords
castor
plant
polygonati officinalis
radix polygonati
oil plant
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CN2012100282884A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋小军
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YONGZHOU VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL COLLEGE
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YONGZHOU VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL COLLEGE
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Priority to CN2012100282884A priority Critical patent/CN102523887A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The invention discloses a castor oil plant and polygonatum odoratum interplanting technique and relates to the technical field of agricultural planting. The planting process of the technique comprises the following: A, a step of land preparation; B, a step of interplanting and cultivation, which is to plant polygonatum odoratum after furrowing and applying base fertilizer and to plant castor-oil plants after digging holes and applying base fertilizer; C, a step of field management, which comprises field management of polygonatum odoratum in four seasons and field management of the castor oil plant; and D, a step of harvesting, which is to harvest polygonatum odoratum fruit and castor beans respectively. The technique has the characteristics of high land comprehensive utilization rate, high economic benefit, high product quality and the like, is suitable for cultivating castor oil plants and polygonatum odoratum at different latitudes and is suitable for planting castor oil plants and polygonatum odoratum in arid soil in hill areas and in fields in arid areas.

Description

Plant technology between a kind of castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis
Technical field
The present invention relates to the agricultural planting technique field, plant technology between particularly a kind of castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis.
Background technology
Castor-oil plant [Ricinus communis L.] is a kind of economic oil crop, has the bar height, likes characteristics such as positive, drought-enduring, and grow on the ground and upwards in its main growing space, and its demand to illumination in process of growth is more, belongs to high light property plant.Radix polygonati officinalis [Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce] is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine material; Have characteristics such as bar is short, anti-the moon, its main growing space is underground, and growing space on the ground is limited; And it does not need the high light direct projection in process of growth; Thereby when it was planted separately, high temperature season need be beaten the grid that shade and hide sunlight.
In the prior art, castor-oil plant and radix polygonati officinalis all are to plant this planting patterns separately; Though have the many advantages such as single of managing; But also there are many deficiencies: the one, because the tree crown of castor-oil plant is bigger, need take more soil and space, thereby; Making a low multiple use of its soil, deficiency in economic performance; The 2nd, do not make full use of the characteristics of plant to the otherness of illumination demand, its day the availability of light resources lower; The 3rd, radix polygonati officinalis has in plantation, process of growth such as more damage by disease and insect such as graywall, rust, grub insect pest takes place, and needs to use Multiple Pesticides to prevent and treat, and influences the quality of radix polygonati officinalis product.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide that a kind of soil comprehensive utilization ratio is high, good in economic efficiency, the castor-oil plant of superior product quality and radix polygonati officinalis between the kind technology.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention taked is a kind technology between a kind of castor-oil plant of invention, radix polygonati officinalis, and its planting process may further comprise the steps:
A, consolidation: select southern hillside fields or level land leeward, that do not soak, clean out other weeds, foreign material, deep-cut 35cm~40cm; Then; With the ground leveling, and on the ground of leveling, leave the wide big railway carriage or compartment face of 180-200cm respectively with North and South direction; Again will this big railway carriage or compartment face continue to be separated into thereafter, the 120-140cm of North and South direction wide with two wide adjacent little railway carriage or compartment faces of 40-60cm;
B, interplanting cultivation:
A, radix polygonati officinalis plantation:
1. ditch: then August~October, on the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 120-140cm, open the plantation ditch with east-west direction, ditch depth 25cm~30cm, furrow width 10cm~15cm;
2. apply fertilizer to the subsoil: in every plantation ditch, apply the pig manure 6-8kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and on pig manure, cover the fine earth of 6cm~8cm;
3. plantation: on fine earth, every at a distance from about 10cm, place radix polygonati officinalis kind piece, and on radix polygonati officinalis kind piece earthing 10cm~15cm, the plantation line-spacing is planted good back and on the face of railway carriage or compartment, is covered the thick straw of 8-12cm at 20cm~25cm;
B, cultivating castor-oil plant:
1. dig the cave: next year by the end of March~4 month at the beginning of, in the middle of the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 40-60cm,, excavate the kind plant hole of 40cm * 40cm with the spacing in the rows of North and South direction 80-100cm;
2. apply fertilizer to the subsoil: plant in the plant hole at each, apply the pig manure 0.3-0.6kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
3. the plantation: in the kind plant hole that each has applied fertilizer to the subsoil, broadcast 2 in castor-oil plant seed, and on the castor-oil plant seed earthing 4cm~6cm;
C, field management:
A, radix polygonati officinalis field management:
1. management in spring: in spring next year, when radix polygonati officinalis germinates long seedling, execute urea 8-12kg, potash fertilizer 4-6kg/667m 2
2. management summer and autumn: in time spray water according to conventional method when arid summer and autumn;
3. winter management: sweep to fallen leaves and the deadwood of castor-oil plant on the little railway carriage or compartment face of planting radix polygonati officinalis, and use the pig manure 600-900kg/667m that becomes thoroughly decomposed when fallen leaves, withered seedling winter 2
B, castor-oil plant field management: when the castor-oil plant plant grows to 3~4 leaves, each is planted the weak seedling of growing in plant hole remove, only keep the strong seedling of 1 strain, and carry out field management according to the general planting method;
D, gather:
A, radix polygonati officinalis are gathered: the radix polygonati officinalis plantation can be gathered in 2~3 years, when gathering underground root was dug out, and removed earth and got final product;
B, castor-oil plant are gathered: during early winter autumn Mo, the castor-oil plant seed maturity can be gathered; When treating that it's the spring pasts the winter, repeat to plant castor-oil plant 1-2, so as to keep with radix polygonati officinalis between kind.
Plant technology between castor-oil plant of the present invention, radix polygonati officinalis, compare, have following technological merit with existing single variety planting technology:
1, made full use of castor-oil plant, the radix polygonati officinalis otherness characteristics to the growing space: castor-oil plant belongs to high-stem plant, and its main growing space on the ground and upwards growth; Radix polygonati officinalis belongs to short stem plant, and its main growing space is underground, and growing space on the ground is limited; Adopt between castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis and plant, realized the comprehensive utilization of height, ground and the underground space, practiced thrift the production land used.
2, made full use of castor-oil plant, the radix polygonati officinalis otherness characteristics to illumination: castor-oil plant belongs to high light property plant, its demand to illumination in process of growth is more; Radix polygonati officinalis belongs to shade plant, and it does not need the high light direct projection in process of growth, and plantation needs to beat the grid that shade separately.Plant between castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis, tall and big, the spacious tree crown of castor-oil plant plays the effect of shading, lowering the temperature to radix polygonati officinalis, can impel the growth of radix polygonati officinalis; Simultaneously, castor-oil plant has also obtained the very big upwards space of growth.
3, made full use of of the control of the biological property of medicine of a plant species self to the damage by disease and insect of another kind of plant; Accomplished self biological control of plant pest: because the root of castor-oil plant, stem, leaf, fruit all contain ricin (WA); This toxin can kill insect and the germ of radix polygonati officinalis effectively; Thereby fallen leaves of castor-oil plant and rotten root are the natural desinsection of radix polygonati officinalis, diseases prevention preparation; Simultaneously, therefore the root rot that the deadwood of radix polygonati officinalis, fallen leaves also can be prevented and treated castor-oil plant, no longer needs artificial applying pesticides and diseases prevention preparation after the kind.
4, made full use of the otherness characteristics that castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis utilize deadwood, fallen leaves: each plant species all has the fertilizer absorption rate not high characteristics that self is rotted, thereby separately deadwood, fallen leaves all will be removed when planting separately; And after planting between castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis; After fallen leaves of castor-oil plant and root-rot are mashed is the good organic manure of radix polygonati officinalis; After the deadwood of radix polygonati officinalis, fallen leaves and root-rot are mashed is again the good fertilizer of castor-oil plant, and therefore, the absorption rate of planting the fertilizer of the formation of self rotting between castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis is improved.
5, reduced production cost, improved economic benefit: after planting between castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis; Need not beat the grid that shade, do not use agricultural chemicals, not remove dry branches and fallen leaves, thereby, the use of both having practiced thrift the input of labor and the means of production; Increase the supply of organic manure again, stopped contamination of products; So after carrying out interplanting, the radix polygonati officinalis of production belongs to the fully natural green medicine, superior quality, the castor-oil plant full seed, oil content is high, and the market price is good.
Below table 1 is that castor-oil plant is planted separately, radix polygonati officinalis is planted comparative trial separately between plantation and castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis Economic and Efficiency Analysis:
The economic efficiency contrast analysis of table 1 an independent plantation in 3 years and a kind
Explain: the Economic and Efficiency Analysis castor bean seed calculates by 6 yuan/kg by 7 yuan/kg, radix polygonati officinalis.
Can find out that from table 1 adopt of the present invention kind technology to compare with independent plantation respectively, the net income amplification of its unit are can reach 66.3%; If add the price advantage that raising brought of quality, the amplitude that its economic benefit improves will be bigger.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is done further explanation.Following explanation is the mode to give an example, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.
Plant technology between the castor-oil plant of present embodiment, radix polygonati officinalis, its planting process may further comprise the steps:
A, consolidation: select southern hillside fields or level land leeward, that do not soak, other weeds, foreign material are cleaned out; Turn over and deep-cut 35cm~40cm, then, ground is flattened; And on the ground of leveling; Leave the wide big railway carriage or compartment face of 180cm respectively with North and South direction, thereafter, again will this big railway carriage or compartment face continue to be separated into the 130cm of North and South direction wide with two wide adjacent little railway carriage or compartment faces of 50cm; Wherein: the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 130cm is used to plant radix polygonati officinalis, and the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 50cm is used to plant castor-oil plant.
B, interplanting cultivation:
A, radix polygonati officinalis plantation:
1. ditch: about September, on the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 130cm, open the plantation ditch with east-west direction, ditch depth 25cm~30cm, furrow width 10cm~15cm then;
2. apply fertilizer to the subsoil: in every plantation ditch, apply the pig manure 7kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and at the fine earth that covers on the pig manure about 7cm;
3. plantation: on fine earth, every radix polygonati officinalis kind piece of at a distance from about 10cm, placing, and on the radix polygonati officinalis kind piece about earthing 12cm, the plantation line-spacing guarantees at 20cm~25cm, plants good back and on the face of railway carriage or compartment, covers the thick straw in the 10cm left and right sides;
B, cultivating castor-oil plant:
1. dig the cave: next year by the end of March~4 month at the beginning of, in the middle of the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 50cm,, excavate the kind plant hole of 40cm * 40cm with the spacing in the rows about North and South direction 90cm;
2. apply fertilizer to the subsoil: plant in the plant hole at each, apply the pig manure 0.5kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
3. plantation: in the kind plant hole that each has applied fertilizer to the subsoil, broadcast 2 in castor-oil plant seed, and on the castor-oil plant seed about earthing 5cm;
C, field management:
A, radix polygonati officinalis field management:
1. management in spring: in spring next year, when radix polygonati officinalis germinates long seedling, execute urea 10kg/667m 2, potash fertilizer 5kg/667m 2
2. management summer and autumn: in time spray water according to conventional method when arid summer and autumn;
3. winter management: sweep to fallen leaves and the deadwood of castor-oil plant on the little railway carriage or compartment face of planting radix polygonati officinalis, and use the pig manure 750kg/667m that becomes thoroughly decomposed when castor-oil plant fallen leaves, withered seedling winter 2
B, castor-oil plant field management: when spring, castor-oil plant plant length was to 3~4 leaves, each is planted the weak seedling of growing in plant hole remove, only keep the strong seedling of 1 strain, and carry out field management according to the general planting method;
D, gather:
A, radix polygonati officinalis are gathered: radix polygonati officinalis need be planted and just can gather in 2~3 years, when gathering underground root is dug out, and removes earth and gets final product;
B, castor-oil plant are gathered: during early winter autumn Mo, the castor-oil plant seed maturity can be gathered; When treating that it's the spring pasts the winter, can repeat to plant castor-oil plant 1-2, so as to keep with radix polygonati officinalis between kind.For low latitudes, also can the tree of the castor-oil plant after gathering be adopted the safe overwintering measure, directly utilize spring in the coming year regrowth of castor-oil plant tree to produce again, can further reduce production costs, improve the economic benefit of plantation.
Plant technology between castor-oil plant of the present invention, radix polygonati officinalis, be suitable for the regional culture of different latitude, the non-irrigated soil species that both can be suitable for the knob is planted, and also can be suitable for the field planting of arid area.

Claims (1)

1. plant technology between a castor-oil plant, radix polygonati officinalis, it is characterized in that planting process may further comprise the steps:
A, consolidation: select southern hillside fields or level land leeward, that do not soak, clean out other weeds, foreign material, deep-cut 35cm~40cm; Then; With the ground leveling, and on the ground of leveling, leave the wide big railway carriage or compartment face of 180-200cm respectively with North and South direction; Again will this big railway carriage or compartment face continue to be separated into thereafter, the 120-140cm of North and South direction wide with two wide adjacent little railway carriage or compartment faces of 40-60cm;
B, interplanting cultivation:
A, radix polygonati officinalis plantation:
1. ditch: then August~October, on the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 120-140cm, open the plantation ditch with east-west direction, ditch depth 25cm~30cm, furrow width 10cm~15cm;
2. apply fertilizer to the subsoil: in every plantation ditch, apply the pig manure 6-8kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and on pig manure, cover the fine earth of 6cm~8cm;
3. plantation: on fine earth, every at a distance from about 10cm, place radix polygonati officinalis kind piece, and on radix polygonati officinalis kind piece earthing 10cm~15cm, the plantation line-spacing is planted good back and on the face of railway carriage or compartment, is covered the thick straw of 8-12cm at 20cm~25cm;
B, cultivating castor-oil plant:
1. dig the cave: next year by the end of March~4 month at the beginning of, in the middle of the wide little railway carriage or compartment face of 40-60cm,, excavate the kind plant hole of 40cm * 40cm with the spacing in the rows of North and South direction 80-100cm;
2. apply fertilizer to the subsoil: plant in the plant hole at each, apply the pig manure 0.3-0.6kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
3. the plantation: in the kind plant hole that each has applied fertilizer to the subsoil, broadcast 2 in castor-oil plant seed, and on the castor-oil plant seed earthing 4cm~6cm;
C, field management:
A, radix polygonati officinalis field management:
1. management in spring: in spring next year, when radix polygonati officinalis germinates long seedling, execute urea 8-12kg, potash fertilizer 4-6kg/667m 2
2. management summer and autumn: in time spray water according to conventional method when arid summer and autumn;
3. winter management: sweep to fallen leaves and the deadwood of castor-oil plant on the little railway carriage or compartment face of planting radix polygonati officinalis, and use the pig manure 600-900kg/667m that becomes thoroughly decomposed when fallen leaves, withered seedling winter 2
B, castor-oil plant field management: when the castor-oil plant plant grows to 3~4 leaves, each is planted the weak seedling of growing in plant hole remove, only keep the strong seedling of 1 strain, and carry out field management according to the general planting method;
D, gather:
A, radix polygonati officinalis are gathered: the radix polygonati officinalis plantation can be gathered in 2~3 years, when gathering underground root was dug out, and removed earth and got final product;
B, castor-oil plant are gathered: during early winter autumn Mo, the castor-oil plant seed maturity can be gathered; When treating that it's the spring pasts the winter, repeat to plant castor-oil plant 1-2, so as to keep with radix polygonati officinalis between kind.
CN2012100282884A 2012-01-12 2012-01-12 Castor oil plant and polygonatum odoratum interplanting technique Pending CN102523887A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145644A (en) * 2014-07-19 2014-11-19 宁国千方中药发展有限公司 Planting method of polygonatum odoratum
CN104272968A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-14 湖南三湘中药饮片有限公司 Hunan polygonatum odoratum planting and production method
CN104705010A (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-06-17 李松珍 Planting technology for radix polygonati officinalis
CN106069112A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 彭建平 The method of the Phyllostachys pubescens Mazei ex H.de Lebaie underwood planting selenium-rich Pseudobulbus Bletillae (Rhizoma Bletillae)
CN106576870A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-04-26 管天球 Method for interplanting castor-oil plants under oil tea forests

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1926948A (en) * 2006-10-06 2007-03-14 刘威鑫 High-yield planting method of planting castor-oil plant with Pyrethrum carneum for resisting insect attack
CN1943308A (en) * 2006-10-26 2007-04-11 南京大学 Method for cultivating castor-oil plant

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1926948A (en) * 2006-10-06 2007-03-14 刘威鑫 High-yield planting method of planting castor-oil plant with Pyrethrum carneum for resisting insect attack
CN1943308A (en) * 2006-10-26 2007-04-11 南京大学 Method for cultivating castor-oil plant

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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刘兴权等: "玉竹与玉米套作栽培", 《特种经济动植物》 *
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104705010A (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-06-17 李松珍 Planting technology for radix polygonati officinalis
CN104145644A (en) * 2014-07-19 2014-11-19 宁国千方中药发展有限公司 Planting method of polygonatum odoratum
CN104272968A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-14 湖南三湘中药饮片有限公司 Hunan polygonatum odoratum planting and production method
CN106069112A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 彭建平 The method of the Phyllostachys pubescens Mazei ex H.de Lebaie underwood planting selenium-rich Pseudobulbus Bletillae (Rhizoma Bletillae)
CN106576870A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-04-26 管天球 Method for interplanting castor-oil plants under oil tea forests

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