CN102503666A - Horticultural crop composite biological nutrient medium and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Horticultural crop composite biological nutrient medium and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102503666A
CN102503666A CN2011103217717A CN201110321771A CN102503666A CN 102503666 A CN102503666 A CN 102503666A CN 2011103217717 A CN2011103217717 A CN 2011103217717A CN 201110321771 A CN201110321771 A CN 201110321771A CN 102503666 A CN102503666 A CN 102503666A
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soil
matrix
chlorella
nutrient medium
compound bio
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CN2011103217717A
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CN102503666B (en
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李赟
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Ocean University of China
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Ocean University of China
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Abstract

The invention relates to a horticultural crop composite biological nutrient medium which comprises a substrate, and microalgae and a culture fluid thereof. The horticultural crop composite biological nutrient medium is characterized by comprising the following components in percentage by mass: 1.5-5.5% of sodium alginate, 0.5-3.5% of chitosan, 0.5-5.5% of polyacrylamide, 1-5% of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, 5-20% of shell powder and 60.5-91.5% of clay. The microalgae are fresh water Chlorella which can be autotrophic, heterotrophic or mixedly cultured after being cultured to later exponential growth phase, the concentration is greater than or equal to 3.0*10<6>cell/ml, and the addition amount is preferably sufficient in the substrate without flowing. The invention has the effects of moisture retention, nutrient slow release and soil improvement; most materials are aquiculture byproducts, thereby changing wastes into valuable substances and having obvious environmental protection effect; and the nutrient medium can be completely degraded within 3-5 years, and can not have permanent damage on soil. The microalgae reserved in the soil can have an active effect on the soil, increase the soil fertility and improve the physical and chemical properties of the soil.

Description

A kind of garden crop compound bio nutrition base and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of compound bio nutrition base that economic plants grows and preparation method thereof that is used to promote.
Background technology
The seed rearing of high economic worth plant such as gardening is very important link, the quality of good seed quality decision vine growth and development, and final directly related with economic yield.Just because of this, seed rearing has adopted proprietary culture facilities such as seedbed, Nursery to carry out at present.The factor of decision seedling quality quality is a lot, and what receive wherein that human factor has the greatest impact is the matrix that is used to grow seedlings and the nutrition base that mixes formation with matrix.
The nutrition Quito that is used for seed rearing at present is that to be aided with turfy soil formulated for fertilizer by fermentation.The subject matter that this nutrition base exists is: moisture holding capacity is poor, and the nutrition base hardens easily, and air permeability is poor, is unfavorable for seedling development.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above, one of the object of the invention provides a kind of garden crop compound bio nutrition base with water conservation, nutrition slow-release, reclamation result, to satisfy the needs of high economic worth crop seedling and one-tenth bulk-growth.
Another object of the present invention provides the preparation method of above-mentioned nutrition base.
The objective of the invention is to realize: will grow to chlorella and nutrient solution and water-holding agent and the oyster shell whiting combination of exponential phase through following technical scheme; The promoted plant root growth that utilizes chlorella to produce on the one hand; But another fermentation utilizes the ability of chlorella heterotrophism or mixed culture; Keep its persistent biologos; And, can play with water-holding agent and oyster shell whiting acting in conjunction based on chlorella and secretory substance thereof and to improve soil physical and chemical property, promote the effect of the formation of soil aggregate; Simultaneously, utilize the crosslinked action of water-holding agent and oyster shell whiting, form nutritive cube, be convenient to practical application with definite shape.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, concrete technical scheme of the present invention is following:
A kind of garden crop compound bio nutrition base comprises matrix and little algae and nutrient solution thereof, it is characterized in that said matrix comprises following mass component:
Sodium-alginate: 1.5-5.5%;
Chitin: 0.5-3.5%;
SEPIGEL 305: 0.5-5.5%;
Xylo-Mucine: 1-5%;
Oyster shell whiting: 5-20%;
Clay: 60.5-91.5%;
But said little algae is the limnetic chlorella of the autotrophy, heterotrophism and the mixed culture that are cultured to the Exponential growth later stage, its concentration>=3.0 * 10 6Cell/ml, consumption do not trickle to pour abundance in the said matrix into and are advisable.
The nutrient solution of said limnetic chlorella is the BG-1 substratum, and this medium component is respectively: NaNO 31.5g, K 2HPO 40.04g, MgSO 4.7H 2O 0.075g, CaCl 2.7H 2O 0.036g, Na 2CO 30.02g, Hydrocerol A 0.006g, ironic citrate 0.006g, trace element solution 1ml, zero(ppm) water 1000ml.
Said trace element solution composition is H 3BO 42.86g, MnCl 2.4 H 2O 1.81g, ZnSO 40.222g, Na 2MoO 40.39g, CuSO 4.5 H 2O 0.079g, Co (NO 3) 2.6 H 2O 49.4g is dissolved in the 1000ml zero(ppm) water.
The preparation method of above-mentioned compound bio nutrition base: confirm the consumption of oyster shell whiting to add sodium-alginate, chitin, Xylo-Mucine and SEPIGEL 305 subsequently successively according to aforementioned proportion; After said components mixed, mix with the clay of filling up again, fully stir, be contained in the container that is added with liner (being generally old and useless newspaper or thieving paper etc.) compacting as early as possible; Chlorella and nutrient solution thereof are poured in the above-mentioned matrix that mixes, consumption does not trickle with abundance and is advisable again; Placed 24 hours at shady and cool dry place, treat that nutrition primary surface moisture has evaporation to use slightly.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: chitin has anti-microbial activity, and sodium-alginate can combine with chitin and calcium salt to form cotton-shaped gel precipitation, and SEPIGEL 305 and Xylo-Mucine are powerful water-holding agents, and common the use guaranteed persistent water-retentivity.The oyster shell whiting staple is a lime carbonate, is porousness, has good adsorption property, plays the absorption nutritive ingredient and the slowly effect of release with above-mentioned four kinds of material bound energy.Cultivate that chlorella self contains or various active materials such as the amino acid of medium secretion towards periphery, glucide, VITAMINs, plant hormone, can keep validity for a long time.The macromolecular substance and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium macroelement and the chitin three that secrete to the micro algae culturing liquid form the nutrition protective membrane jointly; Neither influencing crop absorbs; Can stop the intrusion of extraneous germ again, reduce disease and pest, guarantee that to greatest extent nutritive element is by plant absorbing simultaneously.Therefore, this nutrition base is combined in aspects such as water conservation, nutrition slow-release, biologically active substance, and can to continue to supply growing of plant each period required, can improve soil physical and chemical property, promotes the formation of soil aggregate.Make nutritive cube, can conveniently be used for fruit tree, vegetables and flowers seed rearing, also can conveniently be used for the nutrition supply of bearing tree body.
The used most materials of the present invention is the aquaculture sub product, can turn waste into wealth, and has tangible environmental protection effect; Made nutrition base can not caused nonvolatil injury to soil by whole degradeds in 3-5.The little algae that remains in the soil can produce persistent positive influence to soil, increases soil fertility, improves its physicochemical character.
Embodiment
Through specific embodiment the present invention is elaborated below.
Embodiment 1:
The matrix of garden crop compound bio nutrition base is made up of following mass component:
Sodium-alginate: 1.5%;
Chitin: 1.0%;
SEPIGEL 305: 2.0%;
Xylo-Mucine: 1.5%;
Oyster shell whiting: 15%;
Clay: 79.0%.
Adopt the BG-1 substratum in bioreactor, to cultivate through autotrophy, heterotrophism as nutrient solution and raise together with the chlorella of screening, the chlorella of this screening is cultured to the Exponential growth later stage, its concentration can reach 3.0 * 10 7Cell/ml.
The preparation method of above-mentioned compound bio nutrition base: according to aforementioned proportion, confirm the consumption of oyster shell whiting, add sodium-alginate, chitin, Xylo-Mucine and SEPIGEL 305 subsequently successively; After said components mixed, mix with the clay of filling up again, fully stir, be contained in the container that is added with liner (being generally old and useless newspaper or thieving paper etc.) compacting as early as possible; Chlorella and nutrient solution thereof are poured in the above-mentioned matrix that mixes, consumption does not trickle with abundance and is advisable again; Placed 24 hours at shady and cool dry place, treat that nutrition primary surface moisture has evaporation to use slightly.
The water retention property of this nutrition base improves 30% than Nursery commonly used, and (20 days) can reduce and pour water 1 time between nursery stage.Cultivate the seedling transplanting survival rate and reach 100% (the Nursery contrast is 92%).
Embodiment 2:
The matrix of garden crop compound bio nutrition base is made up of following mass component:
Sodium-alginate: 5.0%;
Chitin: 0.5%;
SEPIGEL 305: 3.0%;
Xylo-Mucine: 2.5%;
Oyster shell whiting: 20%;
Clay: 69%.
Adopt the BG-1 substratum to cultivate chlorella to the Exponential growth later stage as nutrient solution, chlorella concentration reaches 3.0 * 10 6More than the cell/ml.
The preparation method of above-mentioned compound bio nutrition base: according to aforementioned proportion, confirm the consumption of oyster shell whiting, add sodium-alginate, chitin, Xylo-Mucine and SEPIGEL 305 subsequently successively; After said components mixed, mix with the clay of filling up again, fully stir, be contained in the container that is added with liner (being generally old and useless newspaper or thieving paper etc.) compacting as early as possible; Chlorella and nutrient solution thereof are poured in the above-mentioned matrix that mixes, consumption does not trickle with abundance and is advisable again; Placed 24 hours at shady and cool dry place, treat that nutrition primary surface moisture has evaporation to use slightly.This nutritive cube can be bestowed 20cm under the peripheral soil layer of the top fruit sprayer of growing up, and plays water conservation, protects fertilizer, the effect of slowly-releasing.
Embodiment 3:
The matrix of garden crop compound bio nutrition base is made up of following mass component:
Sodium-alginate: 5.5%;
Chitin: 3.5%;
SEPIGEL 305: 5.5%;
Xylo-Mucine: 5%;
Oyster shell whiting: 20%;
Clay: 60.5%;
Adopt the BG-1 substratum to cultivate chlorella to the Exponential growth later stage as nutrient solution, chlorella concentration reaches 3.0 * 10 6More than the cell/ml.
The preparation method of above-mentioned compound bio nutrition base: according to aforementioned proportion, confirm the consumption of oyster shell whiting, add sodium-alginate, chitin, Xylo-Mucine and SEPIGEL 305 subsequently successively; After said components mixed, again with the clay mixing; The matrix that more than becomes the nutrition base be grouped into is bestowed soil 20cm place by 20% mass percent and mixing with soil.Fertilising place is watered to contain chlorella concentration and is reached 3.0 * 10 6The above nutrient solution of cell/ml (quality of nutrient solution be about apply nutrition based substrate quality 30%).

Claims (4)

1. a garden crop compound bio nutrition base comprises matrix and little algae and nutrient solution thereof, it is characterized in that said matrix comprises following mass component:
Sodium-alginate: 1.5-5.5%;
Chitin: 0.5-3.5%;
SEPIGEL 305: 0.5-5.5%;
Xylo-Mucine: 1-5%;
Oyster shell whiting: 5-20%;
Clay: 60.5-91.5%;
But said little algae is the limnetic chlorella of the autotrophy, heterotrophism and the mixed culture that are cultured to the Exponential growth later stage, its concentration>=3.0 * 10 6Cell/ml, consumption do not trickle to pour abundance in the said matrix into and are advisable.
2. compound bio nutrition base according to claim 1, the nutrient solution that it is characterized in that said limnetic chlorella is the BG-1 substratum, this medium component is respectively: NaNO 31.5g, K 2HPO 40.04g, MgSO 4.7H 2O 0.075g, CaCl 2.7H 2O 0.036g, Na 2CO 30.02g, Hydrocerol A 0.006g, ironic citrate 0.006g, trace element solution 1ml, zero(ppm) water 1000ml.
3. compound bio nutrition base according to claim 2 is characterized in that said trace element solution composition is H 3BO 42.86g, MnCl 2.4 H 2O 1.81g, ZnSO 40.222g, Na 2MoO 40.39g, CuSO 4.5 H 2O 0.079g, Co (NO 3) 2.6 H 2O 49.4g is dissolved in the 1000ml zero(ppm) water.
4. the preparation method of compound bio nutrition base according to claim 1; It is characterized in that may further comprise the steps: confirm the consumption of oyster shell whiting to add sodium-alginate, chitin, Xylo-Mucine and SEPIGEL 305 subsequently successively according to the said ratio of claim 1; After said components mixed, mix with the clay of filling up again, fully stir, be contained in the container that is added with liner compacting as early as possible; Chlorella and nutrient solution thereof are poured in the above-mentioned matrix that mixes, consumption does not trickle with abundance and is advisable again; Placed 24 hours at shady and cool dry place, treat that nutrition primary surface moisture has evaporation to use slightly.
CN 201110321771 2011-10-21 2011-10-21 Horticultural crop composite biological nutrient medium and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102503666B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102992883A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-03-27 张建新 Novel nutrient soil
CN102992884A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-03-27 张建新 Preparation method for novel nutrient soil
CN103011974A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-03 福建超大集团有限公司 Manufacture method of chitin biological fertilizer with slow-release function
CN104263376A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-07 安徽大泽生物肥料科技有限公司 Compound water-retaining agent for soil as well as preparation method and application of compound water-retaining agent
CN106106086A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 阜阳市殿兴农业科技有限公司 A kind of drought-hit area cultivated strawberry substrate
CN106810379A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-09 山东省联合农药工业有限公司 A kind of pepper seedling raising medium and preparation method and the method that pepper seedling raising is carried out using the matrix
CN106866211A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 郑金秀 A kind of interior ornamental plant soil-less culturing nutrient material and preparation method thereof
CN109006432A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-12-18 李慧 Application of the chlorella in cultivation technique without soil
CN109845609A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-07 江苏里下河地区农业科学研究所 A kind of household balcony Chunlan cultural method
CN110079334A (en) * 2019-06-15 2019-08-02 苏州逸纪杰电子科技有限公司 A kind of dedicated renovation agent of salt-affected soil and preparation method thereof

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CN1539266A (en) * 2003-11-04 2004-10-27 北京千年美能科技有限责任公司 Ground substance with whole nourishment for cultivating seeding from tissue
CN1702061A (en) * 2004-05-24 2005-11-30 北京市大东流苗圃 High-activity plant culturing nutrient matrix and method for making same
CN1718002A (en) * 2005-06-29 2006-01-11 东北师范大学 Method for establishing exogenous microorganism onto plant root system
CN101429062A (en) * 2007-11-07 2009-05-13 浙江省林业科学研究院 Multifunctional additive for greening seedling growth substrate
CN102173917A (en) * 2011-01-06 2011-09-07 四川大学 Preparation method of afforestation matrices for sandstone rock slopes

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1539266A (en) * 2003-11-04 2004-10-27 北京千年美能科技有限责任公司 Ground substance with whole nourishment for cultivating seeding from tissue
CN1702061A (en) * 2004-05-24 2005-11-30 北京市大东流苗圃 High-activity plant culturing nutrient matrix and method for making same
CN1718002A (en) * 2005-06-29 2006-01-11 东北师范大学 Method for establishing exogenous microorganism onto plant root system
CN101429062A (en) * 2007-11-07 2009-05-13 浙江省林业科学研究院 Multifunctional additive for greening seedling growth substrate
CN102173917A (en) * 2011-01-06 2011-09-07 四川大学 Preparation method of afforestation matrices for sandstone rock slopes

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102992883A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-03-27 张建新 Novel nutrient soil
CN102992884A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-03-27 张建新 Preparation method for novel nutrient soil
CN103011974A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-03 福建超大集团有限公司 Manufacture method of chitin biological fertilizer with slow-release function
CN104263376A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-07 安徽大泽生物肥料科技有限公司 Compound water-retaining agent for soil as well as preparation method and application of compound water-retaining agent
CN104263376B (en) * 2014-09-22 2017-11-21 安徽大泽生物肥料科技有限公司 A kind of soil compound water retaining agent and its production and use
CN106106086A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 阜阳市殿兴农业科技有限公司 A kind of drought-hit area cultivated strawberry substrate
CN106866211A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 郑金秀 A kind of interior ornamental plant soil-less culturing nutrient material and preparation method thereof
CN106810379A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-09 山东省联合农药工业有限公司 A kind of pepper seedling raising medium and preparation method and the method that pepper seedling raising is carried out using the matrix
CN109006432A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-12-18 李慧 Application of the chlorella in cultivation technique without soil
CN109845609A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-07 江苏里下河地区农业科学研究所 A kind of household balcony Chunlan cultural method
CN109845609B (en) * 2019-04-12 2021-06-18 江苏里下河地区农业科学研究所 Household balcony cymbidium culture method
CN110079334A (en) * 2019-06-15 2019-08-02 苏州逸纪杰电子科技有限公司 A kind of dedicated renovation agent of salt-affected soil and preparation method thereof

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