CN102257911A - Circulating type silage silo and method for processing silage by using same - Google Patents

Circulating type silage silo and method for processing silage by using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102257911A
CN102257911A CN2011101430910A CN201110143091A CN102257911A CN 102257911 A CN102257911 A CN 102257911A CN 2011101430910 A CN2011101430910 A CN 2011101430910A CN 201110143091 A CN201110143091 A CN 201110143091A CN 102257911 A CN102257911 A CN 102257911A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cellar
storing things
silage
silo
horizental silo
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Pending
Application number
CN2011101430910A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁辛
梁贤威
杨炳壮
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GUANGXI ZHUANG AUTONOMOUS REGION BUFFALO INSTITUTE
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GUANGXI ZHUANG AUTONOMOUS REGION BUFFALO INSTITUTE
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Priority to CN2011101430910A priority Critical patent/CN102257911A/en
Publication of CN102257911A publication Critical patent/CN102257911A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a circulating type silage silo and a method for processing silage by using the same. The silage silo comprises a silo body base, a silo body and a seal cover. The method is characterized by adopting the mode of feeding from the silo body top and discharging from the silo body bottom so that the silage naturally sinks and the new silage raw materials can be added in the process of taking out the silage, thus achieving the aims of circular charging and reuse. The silage silo solves the problem that the conventional silage silos can not achieve year-round balanced supply of the silage. The silage silo has simple structure, is easy to build, has lower building cost and small floor area and is especially suitable for small farms and free-range farmers.

Description

Circulating horizental silo and with its processing silage fodder method
Technical field
The present invention relates to livestock feed processing unit (plant) and feed making method.Specifically be circulating horizental silo and with its processing silage fodder method.
Background technology
The ensiling technology is a conventional art of livestock breeding extensive use, is that green forage or green grass store and to utilize effective method, and characteristic that can the long preservation green succulent feed enlarges feed resource, guarantees the long-term stable market supply of domestic animal green succulent feed.Silage fodder has advantages such as smell acid perfume, soft and succulency, color are yellowish green, good palatability, preparation method is meant that the fresh green fodder that will contain amount of water prescinds in the airtight container of packing into, fermentation through microorganism (mainly being lactic acid bacteria), produce a large amount of lactic acid, thereby the growth of mould fungus inhibition and putrefying bacteria, making most of nutriment in the green forage be able to long preservation gets off, reach the purpose of ensilage long preservation, to solve discontinuity that green forage produces and animal harmonious problem to the feed demand.
Present ensiling production method mainly contains horizental silo, ensiling film, bag silo, the ensiling of bundle film etc., wherein be made as the master with horizental silo again, main ground type, half ground type, the underground type of dividing, but no matter be which kind of mode, all are slot types based on cuboid, from Jiao Ding or cellar for storing things body one side charging, carry out sealing and fermenting again after all ensiling machines.Then be to get material when utilizing, once use up, can't process hand hay cutter halfway and go into new ensiling raw material from one or both sides.No matter be large-scale plant or small-sized raiser, if the ensiling of a horizental silo can't be satisfied annual needs and just can only build horizental silo more and carry out ensiling, this does not have problems concerning large-scale breed, but concerning small-sized plant (family) no matter be all to acquire a certain degree of difficulty on place or the fund.Circulating horizental silo then can solve the problem by the annual ensilage of a horizental silo stable market supply.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is in order to solve in actual production, small-sized plant and raise peasant household scattered owing to lock into scale, fund, place etc. can't build enough horizental silos and carry out feed and stock, so that the problem that silage fodder can't be accomplished long-term stable market supply.A kind of circulating horizental silo is provided and processes the method for silage fodder with it.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows.
1. circulating horizental silo, it is made of cellar for storing things body base, cellar for storing things body and seal cover three parts, and first is cellar for storing things body base, and a material taking mouth is established with body junction, cellar for storing things in body base top, cellar for storing things, material taking mouth is provided with the sealing plate of an activity, and cellar for storing things body base is shaped as the clinoplain body to the material taking mouth inclination.Second portion is the cellar for storing things body, and the cellar for storing things body is connected with cellar for storing things body base, and the cellar for storing things shape is cylindrical, oval or square, and body bulk big I in cellar for storing things is decided according to the breed scale.Third part is a seal cover, and seal cover places body top, cellar for storing things, and its shape is identical with the cellar for storing things shape, and size is for putting in the body of cellar for storing things, working the body effect of storing that seals.
The cellar for storing things body bulk size of above-mentioned circulating horizental silo press the silage fodder amount of feeding and is calculated, and the 5%-10% that the silage fodder amount of feeding press the letting animals feed body weight calculates, and calculate feed according to the size of the scale of breed and feed amount, with this feed amount of feeding the volume of foundation construction horizental silo.
2. with the method for circulating horizental silo processing silage fodder, process steps is as follows:
1) processing of silage fodder with the material taking mouth sealing, is opened seal cover earlier, cut up with a hay cutter into the ensiling raw material from Jiao Ding, the ensiling raw material can be cornstalk, sugarcane tail, napier grass, weeds, Chinese sorghum, wheat straw, Ipomoea batatas rattan etc., the ensiling raw material is treaded while processing, to discharge the favourable sealing and fermenting of air; After treating that the whole hand hay cutters of ensiling raw material are full, around shop one deck plastic foil compacting earlier, cover seal cover then atop.The key of ensiling success or not is to seal, if the bad also available Nylon Bag of seal cover effect etc. are loaded onto fine sand, spreads the thick fine sand of about 10cm and also can play sealing function on plastic foil.
2) circulating horizental silo is recycling: the ensiling material sealing ferments and can take in about 1 month, opens the sealing plate of material taking mouth when taking, and takes silage fodder from material taking mouth, because the effect of gravity, silage fodder can sink by nature, and horizental silo top will slowly be vacated, and just can restart processing.Add and take away seal cover or fine sand man-hour earlier, the sealed plastic film can take out also and can not get, and adds new ensiling raw material, and processing method is the same, seals by previous methods after to be processed the finishing again.Go round and begin again, just can reach recycling purpose, accomplish to guarantee throughout the year the stable market supply of silage fodder.To notice in the practical application that silage fodder will ferment and take more than (taking 20 days at least) in 1 month, just can guarantee ensiling effect and feeding effect.
3. the principle of circulating horizental silo:
Circulating horizental silo adopts the mode of cellar for storing things jacking material, cellar for storing things end discharging, utilizes mechanics principle, allows silage fodder sink naturally, reaches the purpose of cyclically charging, recycling.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1. circulating horizental silo simple structure, be easy to build, occupied fund and place are less, are particularly suitable for small-sized plant and raise peasant household scattered and use.
2. the present invention is the low-cost solution that the long-term stable market supply of a kind of silage fodder is provided for small-sized plant (family).Each plant (family) can build the circulating horizental silo of suitable size according to the breed scale of oneself, arrange to carry out ensiling according to the different harvest seasons of crop then, under the unspent situation of first silage fodder, add new green and rough feeds, and old silage fodder still can normally be taken, thereby reaches the purpose of long-term stable market supply silage fodder.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the circulate front elevational schematic of horizental silo of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the circulate schematic side view of horizental silo of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the circulate cellar for storing things body schematic bottom view of horizental silo of the present invention.
Among the figure: cellar for storing things body 1, seal cover 2, cellar for storing things body base 3, material taking mouth 4.
Embodiment
Circulating horizental silo is to utilize a horizental silo by repeating repeatedly to process the mode of silage fodder, solves the long-term stable market supply problem of silage fodder.Its technological core is cellar for storing things jacking material, cellar for storing things end discharging, does not wait silage fodder to use up and can repeat repeatedly processing and utilization.
Circulating horizental silo structure such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3 are among the figure: cellar for storing things body 1, seal cover 2, body bottom surface, cellar for storing things 3, material taking mouth 4.Circulating horizental silo, it is made of cellar for storing things body base 3, cellar for storing things body 1 and seal cover 2 three parts, and first is cellar for storing things body base 3, and a material taking mouth 4 is established with body 1 junction, cellar for storing things in body base 3 tops, cellar for storing things, material taking mouth is provided with the sealing plate of an activity, the clinoplain body that cellar for storing things body base 3 is shaped as to the material taking mouth inclination.Second portion is cellar for storing things body 1, and cellar for storing things body 1 is connected with cellar for storing things body base 3, and cellar for storing things body 1 is shaped as cylindrical, oval or square, and body big I in cellar for storing things is decided according to the breed scale.Third part is a seal cover 2, and seal cover 2 places body 1 top, cellar for storing things, and its shape is identical with the cellar for storing things shape, and size is stored in the body just to put into, sealing cellar for storing things body.
Embodiment 1
1. determining of circulating horizental silo size
Scale is 10 milk cattle cultivating field, feeding amount percentage of liveweight 5% by every body weight 600kg, ensiling every day calculates, then amount 300kg (600kg/ * 5%*10 head) is always fed in ensiling every day, 2 months ensiling requirement is about 18 tons (300kg/d*60d/1000), calculate by every cubic metre of ensiling weight 700kg, the horizental silo that needs to build is 26 cubic metres.Height as horizental silo is 6 meters (about two floor height), then stores interior diameter and be 2.4 meters to get final product.
2. with the method for circulating horizental silo processing silage fodder, process steps is as follows:
1) processing of silage fodder with the material taking mouth sealing, is opened seal cover earlier, cut up with a hay cutter into the ensiling raw material from Jiao Ding, the ensiling raw material can be cornstalk, sugarcane tail, napier grass, weeds, Chinese sorghum, wheat straw, Ipomoea batatas rattan etc., the ensiling raw material is treaded while processing, to discharge the favourable sealing and fermenting of air; After treating that the whole hand hay cutters of ensilage are full, around shop one deck plastic foil compacting earlier, cover seal cover then atop.The key of ensiling success or not is to seal, if the bad also available Nylon Bag of seal cover effect etc. are loaded onto fine sand, spreads the thick fine sand of about 10cm and also can play sealing function on plastic foil.
After first ensiling raw material goes into to store 1 month (minimum 20 days), can be made into promptly that smell acid perfume, soft and succulency, color are yellowish green, the silage fodder of good palatability, every day, every cow head 30kg that feeds was aided with other smart roughage again, can satisfy to give milk and grow to the demand of nutrition.Can carry out silage fodder processing after 20 days again, keeping the long-term regular supply of silage fodder, but need to guarantee fresh processed silage fodder can be in the cellar for storing things sealing and fermenting more than 20 days.
Embodiment 2
1. determining of circulating horizental silo size
Scale is that 2 beef cattle is raised peasant household scattered, by every body weight 300kg, ensilage hello amount percentage of liveweight 10% calculating every day, then amount 60kg (300kg/ * 10%*2 head) is fed in ensiling every day, 2 months ensiling requirement is about 3.6 tons (60kg/d*60d/1000), calculate by every cubic metre of ensiling weight 700kg, the horizental silo that needs to build is about 5.5 cubic metres.Height as horizental silo is 6 meters (about two floor height), then stores interior diameter and be 1.1 meters to get final product.
2. with the method for circulating horizental silo processing silage fodder, the processing and utilization method is with the method for the circulating horizental silo processing of 2. usefulness of embodiment 1 silage fodder.Go into the cellar for storing things in first ensiling and can take after 1 month, if having green and rough feeds to process again after 20 days, to keep the long-term regular supply of silage fodder.

Claims (3)

1. circulating horizental silo, it is characterized in that, it is made of cellar for storing things body base, cellar for storing things body and seal cover three parts, first is cellar for storing things body base, a material taking mouth is established with body junction, cellar for storing things in body base top, cellar for storing things, material taking mouth is provided with the sealing plate of an activity, and cellar for storing things body base is shaped as the clinoplain body to the material taking mouth inclination; Second portion is the cellar for storing things body, and the cellar for storing things body is connected with cellar for storing things body base, and the cellar for storing things shape is cylindrical, oval or square, and body bulk big I in cellar for storing things is decided according to the breed scale; Third part is a seal cover, and seal cover places body top, cellar for storing things, and its shape is identical with the cellar for storing things shape, and size is for putting in the body of cellar for storing things, working the body effect of storing that seals.
2. circulating horizental silo according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the cellar for storing things body bulk size of described circulating horizental silo is pressed the silage fodder amount of feeding and is calculated, the 5%-10% that the silage fodder amount of feeding is pressed the letting animals feed body weight calculates, size according to the breed scale calculates feed hello amount, serves as the volume of foundation construction horizental silo with this feed amount of feeding.
3. with the method for circulating horizental silo processing silage fodder, it is characterized in that process steps is as follows:
1) processing of silage fodder with the material taking mouth sealing, is cut up with a hay cutter into the ensiling raw material from Jiao Ding earlier then, and hand hay cutter processing limit, ensiling raw material limit is treaded; After treating that the whole hand hay cutters of ensiling raw material are full, around shop one deck plastic foil compacting earlier, cover seal cover then atop;
2) circulating horizental silo cyclic process silage fodder, the silage fodder sealing and fermenting can be taken in about 1 month, open the sealing plate of material taking mouth when taking, take silage fodder from material taking mouth, horizental silo top will slowly be vacated, and just can process silage fodder again, the same step 1) of processing method, after to be processed the finishing again set by step 1) the method sealing, go round and begin again, just can reach recycling purpose.
CN2011101430910A 2011-05-30 2011-05-30 Circulating type silage silo and method for processing silage by using same Pending CN102257911A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104522304A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 浙江农林大学 Method for preparing silage by using bamboo shoot shells and silage pit
CN104605147A (en) * 2013-11-04 2015-05-13 吉林吉春制药股份有限公司 Domesticated sika deer yellow corn silage and feeding method thereof
CN104783017A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-22 中国农业大学 Staged compacting method and device for crushed fresh alfalfa forage
CN105123154A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-09 云南农业大学 Whole-plant corn silage silo
CN109380604A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-02-26 余桂群 A kind of processing method of napier grass ensilage

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1475141A (en) * 2002-08-15 2004-02-18 刘军政 Forage grass ensiling method
CN201230488Y (en) * 2008-07-03 2009-05-06 黄永林 Feedstuff tower
CN201383958Y (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-01-20 贾镇榜 Moveable grain storage tank
CN101703176A (en) * 2009-10-29 2010-05-12 叶成华 Method for ensiling stalks
CN101912083A (en) * 2010-07-28 2010-12-15 云南省草地动物科学研究院 Ground silage method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1475141A (en) * 2002-08-15 2004-02-18 刘军政 Forage grass ensiling method
CN201230488Y (en) * 2008-07-03 2009-05-06 黄永林 Feedstuff tower
CN201383958Y (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-01-20 贾镇榜 Moveable grain storage tank
CN101703176A (en) * 2009-10-29 2010-05-12 叶成华 Method for ensiling stalks
CN101912083A (en) * 2010-07-28 2010-12-15 云南省草地动物科学研究院 Ground silage method

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104605147A (en) * 2013-11-04 2015-05-13 吉林吉春制药股份有限公司 Domesticated sika deer yellow corn silage and feeding method thereof
CN104522304A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 浙江农林大学 Method for preparing silage by using bamboo shoot shells and silage pit
CN104783017A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-22 中国农业大学 Staged compacting method and device for crushed fresh alfalfa forage
CN104783017B (en) * 2015-03-24 2018-04-27 中国农业大学 A kind of alfalfa particle segmenting of compacted method and device
CN105123154A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-09 云南农业大学 Whole-plant corn silage silo
CN109380604A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-02-26 余桂群 A kind of processing method of napier grass ensilage

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Application publication date: 20111130