CN102113639A - Preparation method of maize straw feed - Google Patents

Preparation method of maize straw feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102113639A
CN102113639A CN2009101563050A CN200910156305A CN102113639A CN 102113639 A CN102113639 A CN 102113639A CN 2009101563050 A CN2009101563050 A CN 2009101563050A CN 200910156305 A CN200910156305 A CN 200910156305A CN 102113639 A CN102113639 A CN 102113639A
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China
Prior art keywords
stalk
maize straw
preparation
straw
corn
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Pending
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CN2009101563050A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐龙举
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2009101563050A priority Critical patent/CN102113639A/en
Publication of CN102113639A publication Critical patent/CN102113639A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of maize straw feed, comprising the following steps: cutting straws; kneading the straws; spraying additive; baling; covering with a bag for sealing; stacking; and externally packaging. The maize straw feed disclosed by the invention has good palatability, and the grazing rate is above 90%; the defects that the maize straw is moldy and rotten and has poor palatability in the traditional silage technology of maize straw can be overcome, and the yield and the quality of the silage maize straw feed are improved; the method is favourable for helping the maize straw to carry out ecological land returning, thereby lightening environmental pollution; and the additional value of the crop product is improved, culturing feed cost is lowered, and double increments of planting and culturing benefits can be realized.

Description

A kind of preparation method of corn straw feedstuff
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of corn straw feedstuff.
Background technology
Maize straw is a kind of important living resources, can pass through the various ways trans-utilization.But in recent years, along with the transformation of tillage method, life style, the maize straw effect is undesirable, causes the peasant to burn the maize straw phenomenon and remains incessant after repeated prohibition.It is very serious that maize straw burns phenomenon, severe contamination environment, directly influence traffic safety and resident living, maize straw prohibit burn imperative.
Corn straw silage has a lot of benefits: nutritive loss is few, generally is no more than 10%, the tender succulence of cauline leaf, and nutrients such as digestible vitamin, protein, fat are abundant, the sour-sweet fragrance of smell, digestibility height, good palatability, can improve a poor appetite, promote digestion, can feed for the four seasons.But traditional ensiling technology exists many deficiencies.Because can not compacting, the air of surplus be too much in the stalk, causes aerobic bacteria to breed in a large number, makes that feed is mouldy to rot; In getting the process of raising, air is invaded in the cellar for storing things, causes going mouldy of a new round.Tradition ensilage total losses amount is up to 30%, and owing to have musty in the feed, can have a strong impact on searching for food of milk cow.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the limitation of prior art, and a kind of preparation method of corn straw feedstuff is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
(1), harvesting in good time.Under the prerequisite that does not influence corn yield, harvesting when stage of wax ripeness has four greenery above guarantees the nutritional labeling of feed and the moisture content (being approximately 60~70%) of stalk, both toothing was not oversize during the harvesting stalk, can not be with root, accomplish both to overcharge stalk, prevent that again stalk from polluting.
(2), stalk is rubbed.Rubbing with kneading machine of maize straw finished.With kneading machine maize straw is vertically flattened and to rub and hand hay cutter is cut and rubbed, destroy the cuticula and the stipes on stalk surface, the maize straw through rubbing is 6~8cm long filament, strip, and the quality softness can the compacting bundling, reduces the probability of poking polybag.Divide type by productivity ratio, promptly per hour rub moisture content and be 60% stalk amount, can adopt 9RC-3 type, 9RC-2.5 type kneading machine, expression per hour can be rubbed the kneading machine of the maize straw of producing 3 tons and 2.5 tons respectively.
(3), spray additive.In order to reduce the loss of stalk nutriment in ensilage, prevent corruption, guarantee and improve the quality of ensilage, need to add additives for ensiling, to reduce pH value as early as possible, suppress harmful microorganism, promote fermentation, improve the value of feed.Additive is divided into inorganic acid, organic acid and its esters, formaldehyde, active bacteria formulation and enzyme five big classes.When the silage corn stalk, add 0.3% benzoic acid, can improve energy value 12.5%, the digestible protein 24.4% of ensilage.Also can adopt the special ensiling agent of supplying on the market, give birth to the ensiling agent as Baokang, it is mould that it contains cellulase, zytase, glucose oxidase, can decompose crude fibre, particularly to effective degraded of NDF and ADF, improved the palatability and the digestibility of feed, improved feed intake and the speed of milk cow, the output of milk significantly increases.
(4), baling.Come compacting bundled in the straw utilization bundle machine of rubbing and spray behind the additive, the air of storeroom is discharged, reduce the oxidation of stalk to greatest extent.Ensiling stalks bundle unit weight after compressed the tying up is 500~600kg/m 3, compression ratio about 40%.Available YD-110 type Hay Baler.
(5), bagging sealing.Making special-purpose bale bag with 0.1~0.15 polyethylene opaque plastics film packs bale into.Should get rid of the bale air intermembranous in the bagging process as far as possible, tighten sack then with bag, bale and outside air is isolated, realize the lactic fermentation of bale, reach the ensiling purpose of stalk.Polybag must not be damaged in this process.The ensiling bale also need overlap the bag weaved of last layer special use again, helps to move, loads and unloads and transports, and avoids damaging polybag.
Advantage of the present invention:
(1), the corn straw feedstuff palatability through rubbing increases considerably, grazing rate can reach more than 90%, and with the mach straw feed grazing rate of general chopping less than 70%.
(2), overcome that traditional ensiling technology is mouldyly rotted, the drawback of palatability difference, improved the yield rate of ensilage and the quality of ensilage.
(3), stalk " cross abdomen " becomes the cattle and sheep excrement, by fermentation, harmful microorganism and weeds had kill activity once more before going to the field, and solves the crop straw burning problem, alleviated environmental pollution.
(4), increased the added values of product of crops, reduced the breeding feed cost, realize plantation, culture benefit is two increases income.
The specific embodiment
(1), harvesting in good time.Harvesting when the corn stage of wax ripeness has four greenery above guarantees that the nutritional labeling of feed and the moisture content of stalk are 60%, and staying length during the harvesting corn stalk is 2~4 centimetres, prevents that stalk from polluting.
(2), stalk is rubbed.Finish with kneading machine.Adopt 9RC-3 type kneading machine that maize straw is vertically flattened and rub and hand hay cutter is cut and rubbed, destroy the cuticula and the stipes on stalk surface, the maize straw through rubbing is 6cm long filament, strip, and the quality softness can the compacting bundling, reduces the probability of poking polybag.
(3), spray additive.Give birth to the ensiling agent as Baokang, it is mould that it contains cellulase, zytase, glucose oxidase, can decompose crude fibre, particularly to effective degraded of NDF and ADF, improved the palatability and the digestibility of feed, improved feed intake and the speed of milk cow, the output of milk significantly increases.
(4), baling.Come compacting bundled the straw utilization YD-110 type Hay Baler of rubbing and spray behind the additive, the air of storeroom is discharged, reduce the oxidation of stalk to greatest extent.Ensiling stalks bundle unit weight after compressed the tying up is 600kg/m 3, compression ratio 40%.
(5), bagging sealing.Making special-purpose bale bag with 0.1 polyethylene opaque plastics film packs bale into, should get rid of the bale air intermembranous in the bagging process as far as possible, tighten sack then with bag, bale and outside air is isolated, realize the lactic fermentation of bale, reach the ensiling purpose of stalk.Polybag must not be damaged in this process.The ensiling bale also need overlap the bag weaved of last layer special use again, helps to move, loads and unloads and transports, and avoids damaging polybag.

Claims (4)

1. the preparation method of a corn straw feedstuff is characterized in that, it comprises following process: additive, baling, bagging sealing, external packing are rubbed, sprayed to straw harvesting, stalk.
2. the preparation method of a kind of corn straw feedstuff according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described straw harvesting is harvesting when the corn stage of wax ripeness has four greenery above, guarantee that the nutritional labeling of feed and the moisture content of stalk are 60%, toothing length is 2~4 centimetres during the harvesting corn stalk, prevents that stalk from polluting.
3. the preparation method of a kind of corn straw feedstuff according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it is with kneading machine maize straw vertically to be flattened to rub and hand hay cutter is cut and rubbed that described stalk is rubbed, destroy the cuticula and the stipes on stalk surface, maize straw through rubbing is 6~8cm long filament, strip, the quality softness.
4. the preparation method of a kind of corn straw feedstuff according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described bagging sealing is to make special-purpose bale bag with 0.1~0.15 polyethylene opaque plastics film bale is packed into, and polybag must not be damaged.
CN2009101563050A 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Preparation method of maize straw feed Pending CN102113639A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101563050A CN102113639A (en) 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Preparation method of maize straw feed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101563050A CN102113639A (en) 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Preparation method of maize straw feed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102113639A true CN102113639A (en) 2011-07-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009101563050A Pending CN102113639A (en) 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Preparation method of maize straw feed

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105595001A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-25 裴悦谦 Method for performing micro fermentation on corn stalks to form feed after ensiling, yellow corn silage, ammoniation and saccharification
CN106173202A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-12-07 楼其昌 A kind of processing technology of herbage
CN109198698A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-01-15 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Mobile ensilage processing workshop and processing technology
CN114831219A (en) * 2022-05-10 2022-08-02 蚌埠学院 Method for wrapping corn straw and ensiling

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105595001A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-25 裴悦谦 Method for performing micro fermentation on corn stalks to form feed after ensiling, yellow corn silage, ammoniation and saccharification
CN106173202A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-12-07 楼其昌 A kind of processing technology of herbage
CN109198698A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-01-15 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Mobile ensilage processing workshop and processing technology
CN109198698B (en) * 2018-08-15 2023-05-09 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Mobile silage processing workshop and processing technology
CN114831219A (en) * 2022-05-10 2022-08-02 蚌埠学院 Method for wrapping corn straw and ensiling

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Application publication date: 20110706

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Addressee: Hu Changcong

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