CN104256071A - Technology for producing mixed silage containing white spirit grains and maize straw - Google Patents

Technology for producing mixed silage containing white spirit grains and maize straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104256071A
CN104256071A CN201410547582.5A CN201410547582A CN104256071A CN 104256071 A CN104256071 A CN 104256071A CN 201410547582 A CN201410547582 A CN 201410547582A CN 104256071 A CN104256071 A CN 104256071A
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China
Prior art keywords
maize straw
mixture
mixed
feed
grains
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CN201410547582.5A
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张英
梅平
周炎
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ZUNYI JINDING AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ZUNYI JINDING AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410547582.5A priority Critical patent/CN104256071A/en
Publication of CN104256071A publication Critical patent/CN104256071A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

A technology for producing mixed silage containing white spirit grains and maize straw comprises steps as follows: cutting the fresh maize straw into strips with the length of 3-5 cm or crushing the dried maize straw into fine powder, matching the maize straw with the fresh white spirit grains in a ratio of 2:3, adding 5% of a complex probiotic solution, adding water till the water content is in a range of 60%-75%, evenly mixing the mixture, containing the mixture in a fermentation container, and compacting the mixture to form an oxygen-free environment; performing sealed fermentation for 15 days, and unsealing for feeding; judging the quality firstly, wherein if the mixture is green or yellow green in color, sour and fragrant in smell, soft and slightly humid, and stems and leaves are still kept in original states, the quality is excellent, and the mixture can be used for feeding; if the mixture deteriorates, the mixture stinks, the mixture cannot be used for feeding if the mixture is viscous and soft, and the mixture cannot be placed for a long time so as to prevent deterioration. The palatability, the nutritional value and the digestibility of the mixed silage are obviously improved, the weight gain of beef cattle is significantly increased, and the mixed silage is low in cost, wide in source, safe to use and convenient to operate and use for feeding.

Description

Make the mixed storage feed of a kind of distillers ' grains and maize straw
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of feed, particularly relate to the mixed storage feed technology making a kind of distillers ' grains and maize straw, be mainly used in the feed of ox, sheep, here the distillers ' grains of indication makes the leftover bits and pieces after liquor-making raw material with grain, do not comprise and make the leftover bits and pieces after liquor-making raw material for grain product, as multitudinous slag, smilax etc.
Background technology
Product has fully taken into account the spirit stillage and maize straw resource that utilize Guizhou abundant, be converted into by rational prescription and biofermentation process and there is feed with health-care function product, realize effective utilization of vinasse and maize straw resource, solution brewery is useless to be gone vinasse contaminated environment and burns the problems such as maize straw atmosphere pollution.Vinasse are remaining residues after cereal extraction ethanol, be extracted because starch is wherein transformed into ethanol by fermentation, remaining vinasse contain abundant protein livestock and poultry to very high nutritive value, about 3 times of normally maize straw, more containing plurality of health care functions materials such as various trace elements, vitamin, saccharomycete, and maize straw main component is cellulose, the nutrition contents such as protein, mineral matter, vitamin are few, be of low nutritive value, single feeding culture efficiency is poor.Vinasse and maize straw science are arranged in pairs or groups, nutrition complement between the two can be realized, improve nutritive value, and through biofermentation process, increase beneficial microbe content in product, by beneficial microbe, material nutrient component is decomposed to the functional materials obtaining there is promotion growth of animals or poultry, improving internal metabolism, health care simultaneously, make vinasse and maize straw mixture change the functional feed product having and promote growth of animals or poultry and health care.
This product has: 1. good palatability distillers ' grains and maize straw are after beneficial microbe ferments, quality becomes soft, and there is sour cordiale smell, palatability significantly improves, enhance the appetite of plant-eating animal, compare with stalk with untreated vinasse, general grazing speed can improve more than 40%, and feed intake can increase by more than 25%.2. after nutritive value and digestibility height white wine slag and maize straw are fermented by beneficial microbe, the nutritional labelings such as the protein in vinasse stalk, carbohydrate change low molecule nutriment into by macromolecular compound, more be conducive to carcass to digest and assimilate, the indigestibility such as portion of cellulose and lignin material is degraded by microorganisms, the composite construction of plant cell wall is broken, therefore nutritional labeling digestibility improves, nutritive value significantly improves, make vinasse and stalk become plant-eating animal high-quality feed, the weightening finish of beef cattle can be significantly improved.3. with low cost because vinasse and maize straw all belong to, producing gives up removes thing, and cost of material is low, and production cost reduces costs about 80% compared with similar products.4. use safety vinasse and maize straw are fermented by beneficial microbe, eliminate pathogenic microorganism and feed ANFs, sealing anaerobic fermentation is adopted to prevent vinasse and stalk from going mouldy, and do not add any medicine and violated additive, product uses fool proof, there is not medicament residue and Mould Contamination Problem.5. white wine slag easy and simple to handle and corn straw silage only need under certain temperature and humidities, and compacting is obturaged, and under closing anaerobic condition, just can make the vinasse stalk mixed storage feed of high-quality, easy to learn.6. feeding convenience, product adopts and packs, and with getting with feeding, can not need airing, also not needing to add water, feeding convenience.7. storage period, this product long adopted anaerobism beneficial microbe fermentation and acid to preserve, after vinasse and maize straw ferment, the acid of a large amount of machine can be formed, these organic acids have very strong bactericidal ability, therefore the Micro-storedstalk feed of fermentation not easily goes mouldy, can preserve for a long time, storage life is quantity or many decades.8. the wide distillers ' grains of raw material sources is the accessory substance of liquor production, about has nearly 1,000,000 tons every year in Guizhou, and maize straw is one of Main By product of plant husbandry, and only Guizhou just has about 30,000,000 tons every year, originates wide, with low cost.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide the local raw material resources of higher, the abundant utilization of a kind of nutritional labeling to utilize, reach be applicable to local cultivation characteristic, good palatability, feed efficiency are large, there is growth promotion health care, alleviate animal excrements environmental pollution, reach environmental protection, produce the effect of green organic meat product.Solve brewery to give up vinasse contaminated environment and burn the problem of maize straw atmosphere pollution, change waste material is feed resource.
The object of the invention is to be realized by following scheme:
Dry corn straw smashing is maybe fine powder by the length that fresh maize straw is cut up with a hay cutter into 3 ~ 5 centimetres, then the maize straw of chopping or pulverizing is coordinated with the ratio of fresh vinasse in 2:3, add the compound probiotic liquid (many bacterium coordinate delicatessen food) of 5%, add the moisture 60% ~ 75% that clear water makes mixed bin stock, mix in rear loading fermentation vat or bucket, inner membrance woven bag, limit pan feeding, limit compacting, forms oxygen-free environment.The raw material of cellar for storing things pond sealing and fermenting filling should exceed face, pond 50, cellar for storing things cm, surface coverage one deck Polypropylence Sheet, and tightly seals with clay immediately and bury.Barreled seals, and after filling is full, bung adds lid layer Polypropylence Sheet, is close to mixed storage feed surface, is covered by bung and screw.The bag weaved sealing and fermenting of plastic envelope, fills pocket and after compression, pricks only inner membrance plastic bag mouth with tightrope by mixed bin stock, more bag weaved with sealing machine sealing.Mixed storage feed sealing and fermenting about 15 days, just can break a seal and feed.First will judge the quality of ensilage quality after opening cellar for storing things, if in green or yellow green, have sour fragrance, quality is soft, and slightly moistening, cauline leaf still maintains the original state, and presses closely in pond, takes in hand loose, is best in quality, can be feeding.As rotten corrupt meeting frowziness, quality glues soft performance of Denging, is sure not to feed, with anti-poisoning.Mixed storage feed all can not be exposed in atmosphere behind Kaifeng, after taking, seal compacting immediately.The ensilage taken out should have been fed as early as possible, is sure not standing time long, in order to avoid rotten.
Compound probiotic Compound mixed solution ratio:
Delicatessen food level head mold 2 ~ 4%, yeast 5 ~ 8%, lactic acid bacteria 6 ~ 9%, corn flour 20 ~ 30%, clear water 65 ~ 75%, mix, and obtains compound probiotic complex liquid, loads sealing in special plastic bucket for subsequent use.
The pulp furnish of white wine slag and cornstalk silage is:
Every 300kg ~ 500kg maize straw (water content is below 15%) or 1000kg ~ 1200kg green grass or young crops are cut corn stalk (moisture about 65%) and mix with 600kg spirit stillage, add 50kg ~ 60kg compound probiotic mixed liquor.Mixed by raw material, load in microbial cellar for storing things, pond, bucket, bag, close, its flow process is as follows:
Technical process is: choose stalk; Exposure to Sunlight 2 hours; Prescind (3 ~ 5cm) or pulverize fine powder+fresh vinasse+compound probiotic mixed liquor+clear water; Mix; Dress cellar for storing things (pond, bucket, inner membrane bag); Compacting; Sealing; Feeding; Feed.
During use, directly get this feed and feed.
Adopt the beneficial effect of the technical program: production practices prove, 2 kilograms of distillers ' grains and maize straw mix the nutritive value store feed and be equivalent to l kilogram of corn, plant-eating animal digestible protein also exceeds corn 65%, and the protein digestibility of mixed bin stock can improve 60% than the protein digestibility of untreated maize straw.Feeding to the beef cattle of mixed bin stock, improving more than 30% than feeding to maize straw daily gain.
Detailed description of the invention
The mixed storage feed of a kind of distillers ' grains of making of the present invention and maize straw, detailed description of the invention, fresh maize straw is cut up with a hay cutter into the length of 3 ~ 5 centimetres maybe by dry corn straw smashing fine powder, then the maize straw of chopping or pulverizing is coordinated with the ratio of fresh vinasse in 2:3, add the compound probiotic liquid of 5%, add the moisture 60% ~ 75% that clear water makes mixed bin stock, mix in rear loading fermentation vat or bucket, inner membrance woven bag, limit pan feeding, limit compacting, forms oxygen-free environment; The raw material of cellar for storing things pond sealing and fermenting filling should exceed face, pond 50, cellar for storing things cm, surface coverage one deck Polypropylence Sheet, and tightly seals with clay immediately and bury; Barreled seals, and after filling is full, bung adds lid layer Polypropylence Sheet, is close to mixed storage feed surface, is covered by bung and screw; The bag weaved sealing and fermenting of plastic envelope, fills pocket and after compression, pricks only inner membrance plastic bag mouth with tightrope by mixed bin stock, more bag weaved with sealing machine sealing; Mixed storage feed sealing and fermenting about 15 days, just can break a seal and feed; First will judge the quality of ensilage quality after opening cellar for storing things, if in green or yellow green, have sour fragrance, quality is soft, and slightly moistening, cauline leaf still maintains the original state, and presses closely in pond, takes in hand loose, is best in quality, can be feeding; As rotten corrupt meeting frowziness, quality glues soft performance of Denging, is sure not to feed, with anti-poisoning; Mixed storage feed all can not be exposed in atmosphere behind Kaifeng, after taking, seal compacting immediately; The ensilage taken out should have been fed as early as possible, is sure not standing time long, in order to avoid rotten.
Described distillers ' grains and maize straw be mixed to be store feed probiotic mixed liquor and consists of: delicatessen food level head mold 2 ~ 4%, yeast 5 ~ 8%, lactic acid bacteria 6 ~ 9%, corn flour 20 ~ 30%, clear water 65 ~ 75%, mix, obtain compound probiotic complex liquid, load sealing in special plastic bucket for subsequent use.
Distillers ' grains and maize straw mix the pulp furnish storing feed:
Every 300kg ~ 500kg maize straw (water content is below 15%) or 1000kg ~ 1200kg green grass or young crops are cut moisture 65%-67% and the 600kg spirit stillage of corn stalk and mix, and add 50kg ~ 60kg compound probiotic mixed liquor; Raw material is mixed, loads in microbial cellar for storing things, pond, bucket, bag, close tight.It is as follows:
Technological process is: choose clean stalk, Exposure to Sunlight 2 hours, prescinds 3 ~ 5cm or pulverizes fine powder+fresh vinasse+compound probiotic mixed liquor+clear water, mixing, and dress cellar for storing things is as pond, and bucket, inner membrane bag, compacting, sealing, feeding, feeds.

Claims (4)

1. make the mixed storage feed of a kind of distillers ' grains and maize straw, it is characterized in that: fresh maize straw is cut up with a hay cutter into the length of 3 ~ 5 centimetres maybe by dry corn straw smashing fine powder, then the maize straw of chopping or pulverizing is coordinated with the ratio of fresh vinasse in 2:3, add the compound probiotic liquid of 5%, add the moisture 60% ~ 75% that clear water makes mixed bin stock, mix in rear loading fermentation vat or bucket, inner membrance woven bag, limit pan feeding, limit compacting, forms oxygen-free environment; The raw material of cellar for storing things pond sealing and fermenting filling should exceed face, pond 50, cellar for storing things cm, surface coverage one deck Polypropylence Sheet, and tightly seals with clay immediately and bury; Barreled seals, and after filling is full, bung adds lid layer Polypropylence Sheet, is close to mixed storage feed surface, is covered by bung and screw; The bag weaved sealing and fermenting of plastic envelope, fills pocket and after compression, pricks only inner membrance plastic bag mouth with tightrope by mixed bin stock, more bag weaved with sealing machine sealing; Mixed storage feed sealing and fermenting about 15 days, just can break a seal and feed; First will judge the quality of ensilage quality after opening cellar for storing things, if in green or yellow green, have sour fragrance, quality is soft, and slightly moistening, cauline leaf still maintains the original state, and presses closely in pond, takes in hand loose, is best in quality, can be feeding; As rotten corrupt meeting frowziness, quality glues soft performance of Denging, is sure not to feed, with anti-poisoning; Mixed storage feed all can not be exposed in atmosphere behind Kaifeng, after taking, seal compacting immediately; The ensilage taken out should have been fed as early as possible, is sure not standing time long, in order to avoid rotten.
2. the mixed storage feed of a kind of distillers ' grains of making according to claim 1 and maize straw, it is characterized in that: described distillers ' grains and maize straw be mixed to be store feed probiotic mixed liquor and consist of: delicatessen food level head mold 2 ~ 4%, yeast 5 ~ 8%, lactic acid bacteria 6 ~ 9%, corn flour 20 ~ 30%, clear water 65 ~ 75%, mix, obtain compound probiotic complex liquid, load sealing in special plastic bucket for subsequent use.
3. the mixed storage feed of a kind of distillers ' grains of making according to claim 1 and maize straw, is characterized in that: distillers ' grains and maize straw mix the pulp furnish storing feed and be:
Every 300kg ~ 500kg maize straw (water content is below 15%) or 1000kg ~ 1200kg green grass or young crops are cut moisture 65%-67% and the 600kg spirit stillage of corn stalk and mix, and add 50kg ~ 60kg compound probiotic mixed liquor; Raw material is mixed, loads in microbial cellar for storing things, pond, bucket, bag, close tight.
4. the mixed storage feed of a kind of distillers ' grains of making according to claim 1 and maize straw, it is characterized in that, technological process is: choose clean stalk, Exposure to Sunlight 2 hours, prescind 3 ~ 5cm or pulverize fine powder+fresh vinasse+compound probiotic mixed liquor+clear water, mixing, dress cellar for storing things is as pond, bucket, inner membrane bag, compacting, sealing, feeding, feeds.
CN201410547582.5A 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 Technology for producing mixed silage containing white spirit grains and maize straw Pending CN104256071A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105076679A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-25 贵州大学 Method for improving growing performance of Qianbei goat lambs
CN105265803A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-27 营山县神葫酒厂 Vinasse fermentation biological feed and production method thereof
CN105494963A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 裴悦谦 Method for preparing sheep fodder by cutting corn straw to be 3-5 cm in length and conducting fermentation
CN106234779A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-21 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 A kind of preparation method of boer goat fermented health-care feedstuff
CN106615613A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-10 宜昌市农业科学研究院 Whole-plant silaging method of rape
CN107223779A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-03 贵州梵净山农业高科技股份有限公司 A kind of beef ox fattening early stage diet recipe and preparation method thereof
CN109221686A (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-01-18 贵州鑫港牧业发展有限公司 A kind of method that maize alcohol stillage prepares cattle feed additive
CN111990549A (en) * 2020-09-29 2020-11-27 茅台学院 Method for producing biological feed by using sorghum straws of red tassel

Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1530437A (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-09-22 新疆威仕达生物工程股份有限公司 Microbial ensiling strain and composite fungus, method for producing silage
JP2009100740A (en) * 2007-10-02 2009-05-14 Yogurt Feed:Kk Preparation of animal feed from lactic acid fermentation base by obtaing silage from vegetable raw material, method of obtaining silage from animal raw material or vegetable raw material, and mixture of animal and vegetable raw material and its preparation process
CN102113622A (en) * 2011-03-17 2011-07-06 南开大学 Straw and pot ale mixed fermented feed and production method thereof
CN202738486U (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-02-20 淄博森源秸秆能源开发有限公司 Straw ensiling device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1530437A (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-09-22 新疆威仕达生物工程股份有限公司 Microbial ensiling strain and composite fungus, method for producing silage
JP2009100740A (en) * 2007-10-02 2009-05-14 Yogurt Feed:Kk Preparation of animal feed from lactic acid fermentation base by obtaing silage from vegetable raw material, method of obtaining silage from animal raw material or vegetable raw material, and mixture of animal and vegetable raw material and its preparation process
CN102113622A (en) * 2011-03-17 2011-07-06 南开大学 Straw and pot ale mixed fermented feed and production method thereof
CN202738486U (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-02-20 淄博森源秸秆能源开发有限公司 Straw ensiling device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105076679A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-25 贵州大学 Method for improving growing performance of Qianbei goat lambs
CN105265803A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-27 营山县神葫酒厂 Vinasse fermentation biological feed and production method thereof
CN105494963A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 裴悦谦 Method for preparing sheep fodder by cutting corn straw to be 3-5 cm in length and conducting fermentation
CN106234779A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-21 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 A kind of preparation method of boer goat fermented health-care feedstuff
CN106615613A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-10 宜昌市农业科学研究院 Whole-plant silaging method of rape
CN107223779A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-03 贵州梵净山农业高科技股份有限公司 A kind of beef ox fattening early stage diet recipe and preparation method thereof
CN109221686A (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-01-18 贵州鑫港牧业发展有限公司 A kind of method that maize alcohol stillage prepares cattle feed additive
CN111990549A (en) * 2020-09-29 2020-11-27 茅台学院 Method for producing biological feed by using sorghum straws of red tassel

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