CN101347180B - Method for producing Caragana Microphylla biological feed - Google Patents

Method for producing Caragana Microphylla biological feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101347180B
CN101347180B CN2008102121683A CN200810212168A CN101347180B CN 101347180 B CN101347180 B CN 101347180B CN 2008102121683 A CN2008102121683 A CN 2008102121683A CN 200810212168 A CN200810212168 A CN 200810212168A CN 101347180 B CN101347180 B CN 101347180B
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Prior art keywords
caragana microphylla
raw material
feed
biological feed
fermentation
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CN2008102121683A
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CN101347180A (en
Inventor
金海�
张大柱
于强
吉雅塔
薛淑媛
王志伟
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Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Grassland Survey & Design Institute
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Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Grassland Survey & Design Institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a caragana microphylla biological feed. The technical process of the feed comprises the following steps: caragana microphylla in a field with more than three-year planting is leveled, then the stumped and harvested caragana microphylla is crushed and stored for standby; a biological agent is put into a container, then added with corn meal and warm water, the mixture is evenly stirred and then placed to be activated to become a bacteria liquid; the crushed raw material is evenly added with the bacteria liquid and clean water to make a mixture, semi-dry biofermentation is adopted for the mixture, the water content of the stirred raw material reaches 50%-55%, the prepared raw material is packed into bags and kept from light and wind at a clean place at the temperature of above 15 DEG C for 5-10 days, and the caragana microphylla biological feed is obtained by fermentation. The preparation method solves the problem that the caragana microphylla is difficult to be applied to the animal husbandry, and effectively improves the digesting rate, utilizing rate, transforming rate and palatability of the caragana microphylla; meanwhile the harmful substance tannin in the caragana microphylla is decomposed by using germ, which causes the ingestion speed of the livestock to be obviously quickened; and the caragana microphylla biological feed has the efficacies of obviously increasing the yield of the ruminants such as cow, sheep and the like, and improving the quality of meat and milk.

Description

The production method of Caragana Microphylla biological feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production method of feed, referring in particular to the caragana microphylla is the biological feedstuff production method of raw material.
Background technology
The mesquite plant caragana microphylla that many in the world Desert Area are all being grown a large amount of, nutritional labelings such as the protein that caragana microphylla contains, trace element are very high.But because fundamental characteristics, particularly its lignin and the harmful components tannin content height of caragana microphylla, cause that palatability is poor, digestibility is low, influenced the feeding value of caragana microphylla to a great extent.Add caragana microphylla and exist " three difficulties ", i.e. harvesting difficulty, difficult processing and utilization difficulty, the Animal Husbandry Industrialization production of caragana microphylla up to the present is almost blank.How rational exploitation and utilization caragana microphylla resource becomes a new way of opening up sand industry, also is simultaneously to help the new industry preserving the ecological environment, be of value to the local common people, benefit the nation and the people.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides a kind of production method of Caragana Microphylla biological feed, and the Caragana Microphylla biological feed that this method is produced is exactly a kind of green high quality roughage of pollution-free, grain-saving type.It can not only solve the problem of livestock breeding industry fodder grass deficiency, the more important thing is by to the regular stump rejuvenation of caragana microphylla and rationally utilize, and can make the caragana microphylla growth more vigorous, the husky source of more effective improvement, preserves the ecological environment.In the caragana microphylla of pulverizing, add the biological feedstuff microbial inoculum, utilize decomposition, the fermentation of multiple beneficial microorganism to decompose the caragana microphylla raw material, improve digestibility, utilization rate, conversion ratio and the palatability of caragana microphylla feed, make the caragana microphylla that can not effectively utilize at present become high-quality biological feedstuff green, that very big practical value is arranged.
Technical problem of the present invention is solved by following scheme: the production method of Caragana Microphylla biological feed, it is characterized in that: select plantation more than 3 years, be suitable for mechanized operation to carry out stump without the caragana microphylla ground of stump, and stay the stubble of 5~8cm high, the harvesting back is rubbed broken with machinery, be ground into length 3~5cm, the powdery of fineness degree 0.5~2mm, thread raw material is piled up standby, get the millesimal bacteria agent of output and put into the above container of 200L, the part by weight of pressing 1:1 adds corn flour, the warm water that adds 35~40 ℃ is to 70~80% of container, stir, place activation and became bacterium liquid standby in 1 hour.
Packed method: after will activating good bacterium liquid and diluting, join in the above-mentioned raw material that crushes, and additional clear water, bacteria containing amount and water content in the raw material are evenly distributed, the raw material water content of last furnishing reaches 50%~55%, the raw material that modulates is packed in the bag, extrude unnecessary air, the compacting tying seals, and the former pocket of good seal neatly is deposited in 15 ℃~30 ℃ clean place, the lucifuge wind sheltering is preserved, and i.e. fermentation is made after 5~10 days.
Cellar for storing things dress fermentation and ground fermentation method: the raw material that crushes is tiled on the ground, every layer of 20~25cm, above more activated and bacterium liquid that dilution is good and water evenly being sprayed at, make moisture be controlled at 50~55%, compacting, so operation is up to filling, and plastic foil on the upper cover is extruded blinding sealing behind the air.I.e. fermentation is made after 5~10 days.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1, low moisture fermentation, this method is different with conventional fermentation method, has adopted the half-dried fermentation method of microorganism, and moisture has only 50~55%.
2, fermenting speed is fast, and general ensiling or little storage fermentation need more than 30 days at least, and this method fermentation then only needs: in 5 days summers, spring and autumn 7 days can ferment under the condition more than 10 ℃ and feed winter in 15 days.
3, digestibility, palatability all are improved significantly, and adopt the caragana microphylla sample of fermentation front and back respectively, utilize in-vitro simulated stomach that the digestibility of its main nutrient composition is analyzed.Analysis result shows that the Caragana Microphylla biological feed dry digestibility after fermentation improves 25.9%, and every nutritive index also has raising in various degree, and acid detergent fiber reduces by 8.55%, and crude protein improves 12.27%.When improving digestibility and nutritional labeling, significantly improved palatability, the taste sweet-smelling, the domestic animal grazing speed is fast, and grazing rate reaches 100%.Protein content in the Caragana Microphylla biological feed is higher than 2~3 times of general herbage.Domestic animal is fed behind the Caragana Microphylla biological feed, not only increases meat, increases the milk rate and all increase significantly, but also saved forage grass and reduced the consumption of fine fodder.
4, by to the stump rejuvenation of caragana microphylla and utilization rationally, can make the shrub growth more vigorous, preserve the ecological environment effectively.
Caragana Microphylla biological feed be a kind of be the basis feed that the caragana microphylla low moisture conversion decomposition technique developed makes that combines with the Physical Processing technology with the modern biotechnology.This production method has solved the difficult problem that caragana microphylla is used in the animal husbandry field well, and the utilization rate of caragana microphylla is improved greatly.By the biotechnology processing digestibility, utilization rate, conversion ratio, the palatability of caragana microphylla are all effectively improved, utilize action of microorganisms that the harmful substance tannin in the caragana microphylla is decomposed simultaneously, the grazing speed of domestic animal is obviously accelerated.The edible rate of handling through biological processing of caragana microphylla feed reaches 100%, can utilize the nutritional labeling utilization rate to improve more than 30%, through feeding, the domestic animal weightening finish, increases the milk rate and all increases significantly.This production method adopts the half-dried fermentation of low moisture with not being both of conventional method maximum.Facts have proved,, feed the effect that ruminants such as ox, sheep have significant volume increase and improve meat, milk quality with the Caragana Microphylla biological feed that bacteria agent is made, taste with sweet-smelling.Caragana Microphylla biological feed not only has vast market prospect, also has remarkable social benefit and ecological benefits.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is technological process of production figure of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
1, caragana microphylla harvesting
Select plantation 5 years, be suitable for the caragana microphylla ground of mechanized operation, carry out stump, and stay the stubble of 8cm high, transport the production and processing point after the harvesting immediately back according to the regulation of forest department without stump.
2, branch is rubbed broken
After caragana microphylla branch raw material is regained, rub broken and pulverize with special-purpose machinery, the raw material that requires to feed ox should be ground into length and be not more than the thread or powder-material that 5cm, fineness degree are not more than 2mm, and it is standby that the material that crushes is piled into the heap of suitable size.
3, microbiological treatment
1, raw-material preparation:
Should be ready to following articles for use in advance
A.1 kilogram Ao Teqi composite bacteria agent
B.10 kg corn face
C. the clear water of q.s
D. the used various tool of brewed product
2, the activation of microbial inoculum
Get 1 kilogram of Ao Teqi composite bacteria agent and put into the above container of 200L, add 1 kilogram of corn flour, add the warm water of 150L35~40 ℃ again, stir and place activation 1 hour.
3, mix the modulation of bacterium liquid and raw material humidity
Get 1000 kilograms of caragana microphylla raw materials that crush, the limit adds bacterium liquid and 9 kg corn faces equably, and the limit adds clear water, and stir on the limit, and bacteria containing amount and water content in the raw material are evenly distributed, and last furnishing raw material water content is 50%~55%.
This production method can adopt pack fermentation method or pit entry fermentation and ground fermentation method.
Pack fermentation method: the raw material that modulates is packed in the special-purpose bag of preprepared immediately, compacting, extrude unnecessary air, compacting, tying sealing.
Pit entry fermentation and ground fermentation method: with the raw material that crushes tiling every layer of 20~25cm on the ground, above more activated and bacterium liquid that dilution is good and water evenly being sprayed at, make moisture evenly be controlled at 50~55%, compacting, so operation is up to filling, plastic foil on the upper cover is extruded blinding sealing behind the air.
4, fermentation and preservation
The former pocket of good seal neatly is deposited in clean place more than 15 ℃, and the lucifuge wind sheltering is preserved.After fermentation in 5~10 days is finished.(deciding) on environment temperature
5, feeding method:
Milk cow, beef cattle every day replaces former roughage of feeding with 3 kilograms, mutton sheep with 1 kilogram of Caragana Microphylla biological feed, and beginning concentrated feed amount is constant, is raised according to the feeding method of routine, freely drinks water.Can suitably reduce the fine fodder consumption after feeding 1 month.Wait to feed after the custom, can suitably increase the consumption of Caragana Microphylla biological feed according to the hobby of domestic animal.
The domestic animal that feeding has when caragana microphylla begins may be uncomfortable, needs to adapt to several days, strengthens scale of feeding gradually, added 500 grams on the 1st day, and the amount of pressing 500 grams every day later on increases, and is added to normal scale of feeding after 6 days.Mutton sheep does not exist does not substantially like the food phenomenon.But also dosage gradually when feeding is added to normal scale of feeding after 5 days.
Points for attention:
1, the fermentation caragana microphylla will have been fed within three days after opening bag, sack will be tied after getting material at every turn, the contacting of try one's best minimizing and air.
If 2, the caragana microphylla feed freezes, feed again after thawing.
3, to note observing the quality situation of Caragana Microphylla biological feed, find that caking is arranged, go mouldy to stop immediately feeding.
Store storage method, ground storage method etc. in addition in addition, method of operating is similar to pocket-like, but no matter with the storage of fermenting of which kind of method, all must grasp following main points:
1, sugar enough, that can satisfy the growth of microorganism breeding to be arranged in the raw material.(purpose with corn flour is in order to increase sugar)
2, the moisture in the fermentation raw material will suit, can not be too high or too low.
Must be when 3, storing with raw material compacting, net air side by side.
4, fermentation must not opened the bag observation before the success.

Claims (1)

1. the production method of Caragana Microphylla biological feed, it is characterized in that: select plantation more than 3 years, be suitable for mechanized operation to carry out stump without the caragana microphylla ground of stump, and stay the stubble of 5~8cm high, the harvesting back is rubbed broken with machinery, be ground into length 3~5cm, the powdery of fineness degree 0.5~2mm, thread raw material is piled up standby, get the millesimal Ao Teqi composite bacteria agent of material quantity and put into the above container of 200L, add corn flour by 1: 1 part by weight, the warm water that adds 35~40 ℃ is to 70~80% of container, stir, placing activation became bacterium liquid standby in 1 hour, after the bacterium liquid that activation is good dilutes, join in the above-mentioned raw material that crushes, and additional clear water, bacteria containing amount and water content in the raw material are evenly distributed, the raw material water content of last furnishing reaches 50%~55%, the raw material that modulates is packed in the bag, extrude unnecessary air, the sealing of compacting tying, the former pocket of good seal neatly is deposited in 15 ℃~30 ℃ clean place, the lucifuge wind sheltering is preserved, and i.e. fermentation is made after 5~10 days.
CN2008102121683A 2008-09-09 2008-09-09 Method for producing Caragana Microphylla biological feed Expired - Fee Related CN101347180B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104605155B (en) * 2015-02-17 2018-01-09 王国光 A kind of Caragana Microphylla biological composite granular feedstuff
CN104757301B (en) * 2015-03-20 2018-05-15 阜新科威生物科技有限公司 A kind of biological composite granular feedstuff of cold sheep
CN108813152A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-16 内蒙古农业大学 A kind of caragana microphylla base solid state fermentation feed and preparation method thereof
CN109221665A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-18 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 A kind of compound bio roughage and preparation method thereof

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CN1739373A (en) * 2004-08-27 2006-03-01 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of fermentation of Woody feed and enzymolysis combined preparation process
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN1387781A (en) * 2002-07-01 2003-01-01 段宁 Intermediate peashrub herb feed producing process
CN1739347A (en) * 2004-08-25 2006-03-01 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of intermediate peashrub herb enzymolyzing feed and its production and application
CN1739373A (en) * 2004-08-27 2006-03-01 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of fermentation of Woody feed and enzymolysis combined preparation process

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