CN108402313A - A kind of preparation method of plastics pond storage straw silage - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of plastics pond storage straw silage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108402313A
CN108402313A CN201810348435.3A CN201810348435A CN108402313A CN 108402313 A CN108402313 A CN 108402313A CN 201810348435 A CN201810348435 A CN 201810348435A CN 108402313 A CN108402313 A CN 108402313A
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China
Prior art keywords
raw material
silage
straw
preparation
plastics
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CN201810348435.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔺军
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201810348435.3A priority Critical patent/CN108402313A/en
Publication of CN108402313A publication Critical patent/CN108402313A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K30/00Processes specially adapted for preservation of materials in order to produce animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K30/10Processes specially adapted for preservation of materials in order to produce animal feeding-stuffs of green fodder
    • A23K30/15Processes specially adapted for preservation of materials in order to produce animal feeding-stuffs of green fodder using chemicals or microorganisms for ensilaging

Abstract

The present invention provides the preparation methods that straw silage is store in a kind of plastics pond, it is using Green maize stalk as raw material, the making of construction, plastics pond storage straw silage including provisional silage silo and etc., its ensilage palatability obtained is good, and feed intake is high, and preparation method is simple, cost is relatively low, it takes conveniently, edible safety, the raiser being very suitable on a fairly large scale promotes and applies.

Description

A kind of preparation method of plastics pond storage straw silage
Technical field
The invention belongs to feed production technology fields, and in particular to a kind of preparation side of plastics pond storage straw silage Method.
Background technology
With the development of the social economy, people’s lives level is also continuously improved, to animal products quantity, the demand of quality Also higher and higher, to the strong development for having pushed aquaculture, but aquaculture development and feed resource phase are also exacerbated simultaneously To insufficient contradiction, new feed resource how is opened up, the technical staff that efficiency of feed utilization becomes in technical field is improved and is concerned about The problem of.
Ensilage is formed by the green forage anaerobic fermentation of high-moisture, and the principle of ensiling is exactly with fresh viridescent Feed is as raw material, the lactic acid bacteria adhered to naturally using plant surface, in confined conditions, by anaerobic fermentation, by plant table The soluble-carbohydrate in face is converted into the organic acids such as lactic acid, acetic acid, leads to feed pH reductions, to inhibit putrefactive microorganisms bacterium The growth and breeding of group, to achieve the purpose that keep the nutritive peculiarity of crop.Ensiling made of farm's masonry of cement mortar Pond or silage tower prepare ensilage, cannot be by supporting on a fairly large scale since the construction cost of silage silo and silage tower is too high Grow family extensive use.
Invention content
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides the preparation method that straw silage is store in a kind of plastics pond, this method The straw silage of preparation has the characteristics that at low cost, preparation method is simple, takes convenience, edible safety, is very suitable for fitting The raiser of metric mould promotes and applies.
Specifically, the present invention provides the preparation method that straw silage is store in a kind of plastics pond, include the following steps:
1) construction of provisional silage silo
Topography is higher, level of ground water is relatively low, it is leeward on the sunny side, thicker soil and soil property it is solid, from raise house is relatively close, make and It takes the convenient place of ensilage to excavate, is in underground or semi-underground type, inner wall will have constant slope, and mouth outsole is small, to prevent Pool wall collapses.Shape, size vary in different localities.Bottom end will tilt, in favor of draining.General deep 1.5~2.5m, length and width can root According to it needs to be determined that.
2) making of plastics pond storage straw silage
1. the pretreatment of raw material:Stalk generally 1~2d of drying, makes moisture control 60~70%.
2. the collection of raw material:Disposably stalk is transported before making and makes place, and is stacked neatly, to grasp Make.
3. the processing of raw material:With straw filament-rubbing machine 2. step collected come raw material through flattening, crosscutting, chopping, destroy The stalk that livestock cannot directly search for food is processed into the good ensiling raw material of Filamentous palatability by straw hard stipes.
4. place mat film:Select nontoxic toughness it is strong, without damaged and trachoma, sealed polyethylene plastic in homogeneous thickness, thickness 0.8 ~1mm.Be close to provisional silage silo bottom and pool wall paving layer of plastic film, and plastic film be higher by pool wall edge 0.5~ 1m prevents soil from entering in pond, influences production quality.
5. charging, compacting:It is primary that artificial having peace of mind when 25~30cm thickness is often filled in charging process, it is first to be trampled along edge, then to Center extends, it is important to note that treading surrounding and the corner of silage silo.Circulate operation is higher by the side of pool wall to ensiling raw material successively Along 25~35cm, from outside to inside, harvest from down to up is arc-shaped or steamed bun shape, and it is steady and sure fully to compress again.
6. sealing:Uniformly sprinkle salt on last layer of ensiling raw material, step 4. in be higher by the plastics at pool wall edge Film is covered on ensiling raw material;It is covered again with one block of plastic film, excludes air in film;Lid last layer wheat straw again, finally uses Soil compaction, soil thickness about 30~50cm, and surface patted smooth.
7. managing:Ensilage is observed at any time, crack or sinking is found, timely earthing, to ensure ensiling success.
8. fermenting:Ensiling raw material ferments at 20~30 DEG C, and fermentation time is 30~50d, obtains straw silage.
The construction of the provisional silage silo of step 1) described above:The width of provisional silage silo no more than 3m, in order to Take the management of ensilage.
The collection and processing of step 2) raw material described above:Raw material transports and processing carries out on the same day, prevents ensiling raw material Fever is rotten.
Step 2) charging described above:First row is intermediate when excluding air in film arranges surrounding again.
Step 2) sealing described above:First pressure is intermediate when being compacted soil presses surrounding again.
Store the making of straw silage in step 2) plastics described above pond:Sugar content in raw material at least should be fresh weight 1.5~2%.
The preparation method of storage straw silage in plastics pond provided by the invention, has the following advantages:
1) floor space is reduced.
2) digestibility and utilization rate of maize straw are improved.
3) it is good to improve palatability, increases feed intake height.
4) it is suitble to long-term preservation, is not easy moldy metamorphism.
5) it saves food, shortens breeding cycle, improve the price of deed.
6) harmless nontoxic, without side-effects, edible safety.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1:Store the preparation method of straw silage in plastics pond
1) construction of provisional silage silo
Topography is higher, level of ground water is relatively low, it is leeward on the sunny side, thicker soil and soil property it is solid, from raise house is relatively close, make and It takes the convenient place of ensilage to excavate, is in underground type, inner wall will have constant slope, and mouth outsole is small, to prevent pool wall from collapsing. Bottom end tilts, in favor of draining.Long 10m, wide 2.5m, depth 2m.
2) making of plastics pond storage straw silage
1. the pretreatment of raw material:Stalk dries 2d, makes moisture control 65%.
2. the collection of raw material:Disposably stalk is transported before making and makes place, and is stacked neat.
3. the processing of raw material:With straw filament-rubbing machine 2. step collected come raw material through flattening, crosscutting, chopping, destroy The stalk that livestock cannot directly search for food is processed into the good ensiling raw material of Filamentous palatability by straw hard stipes.
4. place mat film:Select that nontoxic toughness is strong, without damaged and trachoma, sealed polyethylene plastic in homogeneous thickness, thickness is 1mm.It is close to bottom and the pool wall paving layer of plastic film of provisional silage silo, and plastic film is higher by pool wall edge 0.5m, prevents Only soil enters in pond, influences production quality.
5. charging, compacting:It is artificial steady and sure primary when often filling 25cm thickness in charging process, it is first trampled along edge, then to center Extend, it is important to note that treading surrounding and the corner of silage silo.Circulate operation is higher by the edge of pool wall to ensiling raw material successively 25cm, from outside to inside, harvest from down to up is arc-shaped or steamed bun shape, and it is steady and sure fully to compress again.
6. sealing:Uniformly sprinkle salt on last layer of ensiling raw material, step 4. in be higher by the plastics at pool wall edge Film is covered on ensiling raw material;It uses one piece plastics film to cover again, excludes air in film;Lid last layer wheat straw again, finally uses Soil compaction, soil thickness about 30cm, and surface patted smooth.
7. managing:Ensilage is observed at any time, crack or sinking is found, timely earthing, to ensure ensiling success.
8. fermenting:Ensiling raw material ferments at 25 DEG C, and fermentation time 40d obtains straw silage.
Embodiment 2:Store the making of straw silage in plastics pond
1) construction of provisional silage silo
Topography is higher, level of ground water is relatively low, it is leeward on the sunny side, thicker soil and soil property it is solid, from raise house is relatively close, make and It takes the convenient place of ensilage to excavate, is in semi-underground type, inner wall will have constant slope, and mouth outsole is small, to prevent pool wall from falling It collapses.Bottom end tilts, in favor of draining.Long 15m, wide 2.5m, depth 2.5m.
2) making of plastics pond storage straw silage
1. the pretreatment of raw material:Stalk dries 1d, makes moisture control 70%.
2. the collection of raw material:Disposably stalk is transported before making and makes place, and is stacked neatly, to grasp Make.
3. the processing of raw material:With straw filament-rubbing machine 2. step collected come raw material through flattening, crosscutting, chopping, destroy The stalk that livestock cannot directly search for food is processed into the good ensiling raw material of Filamentous palatability by straw hard stipes.
4. place mat film:Select that nontoxic toughness is strong, without damaged and trachoma, sealed polyethylene plastic in homogeneous thickness, thickness is 1mm.It is close to bottom and the pool wall paving layer of plastic film of provisional silage silo, and plastic film is higher by pool wall edge 0.5m, prevents Only soil enters in pond, influences production quality.
5. charging, compacting:It is artificial steady and sure primary when often filling 30cm thickness in charging process, it is first trampled along edge, then to center Extend, it is important to note that treading surrounding and the corner of silage silo.Circulate operation is higher by the edge of pool wall to ensiling raw material successively 30cm, from outside to inside, harvest from down to up is arc-shaped or steamed bun shape, and it is steady and sure fully to compress again.
6. sealing:Uniformly sprinkle salt on last layer of ensiling raw material, step 4. in be higher by the plastics at pool wall edge Film is covered on ensiling raw material;It uses one piece plastics film to cover again, excludes air in film;Lid last layer wheat straw again, finally uses Soil compaction, soil thickness about 50cm, and surface patted smooth.
7. managing:Ensilage is observed at any time, crack or sinking is found, timely earthing, to ensure ensiling success.
8. fermenting:Ensiling raw material ferments at 30 DEG C, and fermentation time 30d obtains straw silage.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of preparation method of plastics pond storage straw silage, it is characterised in that:Including step in detail below:
1) construction of provisional silage silo
Topography is higher, level of ground water is relatively low, it is leeward on the sunny side, thicker soil and soil property is solid, house is relatively close, makes and takes from raising The convenient place of ensilage is excavated, and is in underground or semi-underground type, inner wall will have constant slope, and mouth outsole is small, to prevent pool wall Collapse.Shape, size vary in different localities.Bottom end will tilt, in favor of draining.General deep 1.5~2.5m, length and width can be according to need It determines.
2) making of plastics pond storage straw silage
1. the pretreatment of raw material:Stalk generally 1~2d of drying, makes moisture control 60~70%.
2. the collection of raw material:Disposably stalk is transported before making and makes place, and is stacked neatly, with convenient to operate.
3. the processing of raw material:With straw filament-rubbing machine 2. step collected come raw material through flattening, crosscutting, chopping, destroy straw The stalk that livestock cannot directly search for food is processed into the good ensiling raw material of Filamentous palatability by hard stipes.
4. place mat film:Select nontoxic toughness it is strong, without damaged and trachoma, sealed polyethylene plastic in homogeneous thickness, thickness is 0.8~ 1mm.It is close to bottom and the pool wall paving layer of plastic film of provisional silage silo, and plastic film is higher by 0.5~1m of pool wall edge, It prevents soil from entering in pond, influences production quality.
5. charging, compacting:It is artificial steady and sure primary when often filling 25~30cm thickness in charging process, it is first trampled along edge, then to center Extend, it is important to note that treading surrounding and the corner of silage silo.Circulate operation to ensiling raw material is higher by the edge 25 of pool wall successively ~35cm, from outside to inside, harvest from down to up is arc-shaped or steamed bun shape, and it is steady and sure fully to compress again.
6. sealing:Uniformly sprinkle salt on last layer of ensiling raw material, step 4. in be higher by the plastic film at pool wall edge It is covered on ensiling raw material;It is covered again with one block of plastic film, excludes air in film;Lid last layer wheat straw again, finally uses soil Compacting, soil thickness about 30~50cm, and surface patted smooth.
7. managing:Ensilage is observed at any time, crack or sinking is found, timely earthing, to ensure ensiling success.
8. fermenting:Ensiling raw material ferments at 20~30 DEG C, and fermentation time is 30~50d, obtains straw silage.
2. the preparation method of storage straw silage in plastics pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 1) is interim The construction of property silage silo:The width of provisional silage silo is no more than 3m, in order to take the management of ensilage.
3. the preparation method of storage straw silage in plastics pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 2) raw material Collection and processing:Raw material transports and processing carries out on the same day, prevents the fever of ensiling raw material rotten.
4. the preparation method of storage straw silage in plastics pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 2) fills Material:First row is intermediate when excluding air in film arranges surrounding again.
5. the preparation method of storage straw silage in plastics pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 2) is close Envelope:First pressure is intermediate when being compacted soil presses surrounding again.
6. the preparation method of storage straw silage in plastics pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 2) plastics Store the making of straw silage in pond:Sugar content in raw material at least should be the 1.5~2% of fresh weight.
CN201810348435.3A 2018-04-18 2018-04-18 A kind of preparation method of plastics pond storage straw silage Withdrawn CN108402313A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109329592A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-02-15 鲍源 A kind of Silaging method of rice straw feed

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104381744A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-04 王克夫 Method for silaging corn straws
CN105325703A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-02-17 王勤虎 Silaging method adopting plastic shed films for blocking maize straw
CN109198181A (en) * 2018-09-14 2019-01-15 金塔县金畜源牧业有限公司 A kind of cornstalk silage manufacture craft
CN109619278A (en) * 2017-10-09 2019-04-16 王梓贞 A kind of modulation of false indigo ensilage and storage technique

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104381744A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-04 王克夫 Method for silaging corn straws
CN105325703A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-02-17 王勤虎 Silaging method adopting plastic shed films for blocking maize straw
CN109619278A (en) * 2017-10-09 2019-04-16 王梓贞 A kind of modulation of false indigo ensilage and storage technique
CN109198181A (en) * 2018-09-14 2019-01-15 金塔县金畜源牧业有限公司 A kind of cornstalk silage manufacture craft

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109329592A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-02-15 鲍源 A kind of Silaging method of rice straw feed

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Application publication date: 20180817