CN101057550A - Closed type fully using artificial light environment controlled plant factory - Google Patents

Closed type fully using artificial light environment controlled plant factory Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101057550A
CN101057550A CNA2006100762053A CN200610076205A CN101057550A CN 101057550 A CN101057550 A CN 101057550A CN A2006100762053 A CNA2006100762053 A CN A2006100762053A CN 200610076205 A CN200610076205 A CN 200610076205A CN 101057550 A CN101057550 A CN 101057550A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
system
control
plant
air
light
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2006100762053A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN100553443C (en
Inventor
贺冬仙
李保明
杨珀
朱本海
Original Assignee
中国农业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国农业大学 filed Critical 中国农业大学
Priority to CN 200610076205 priority Critical patent/CN100553443C/en
Publication of CN101057550A publication Critical patent/CN101057550A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100553443C publication Critical patent/CN100553443C/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/252Constructional details of greenhouses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/256Lighting systems for greenhouses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/264Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, or watering
    • Y02A40/268Air-conditioning systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/10Agricultural machinery or equipment
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy
    • Y02P60/146Measures for saving energy in greenhouses
    • Y02P60/147Heating, ventilation or air conditioning

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment control plant factory through seal-typed artificial light, which comprises the following parts: fender structure, air circulating system, temperature adjusting system, moisture adjusting system, CO2 supplying system, light supplying system, control system based on inserted network technique and automatic power-metering system, wherein the systems are seal, heat-proof and light-tight, which provides clean and fitful growing environment for plant. The invention saves cost and energy consumption, which realizes normalized and standardized cultivating management and planning manufacturing.

Description

密闭式完全利用人工光的环境控制型植物工厂 Completely closed environment using artificial light control type plant factory

所属技术领域本发明属于环境控制领域,具体涉及一种环境控制型植物工厂。 The present invention pertains to the art of environmental control, and in particular relates to an environment-controlled plant factory.

背景技术 Background technique

近年来,我国工厂化农业领域如温室设施类型、栽培模式、农产品品质等方面取得了长足进步,但在环境控制技术和智能化生产管理等方面基本没有突破我国粗放式和经验式技术水准,离发达国家如日本、美国、以色列和荷兰的生产水平还有很大差距。 In recent years, the field of agriculture industrialized country such as greenhouse facility types, cultivation methods, quality of agricultural products has made great progress, but in terms of environmental control technology and intelligent production management basically did not break our extensive experience style and technical standards, from developed countries such as Japan, the United States, Israel and the Netherlands, there is a great gap between production levels. 由于农业生产的不确定性、复杂性以及对低成本的需求,微电子技术在农业领域的应用普及推广远远落后于工业、军事等其它领域,很多从国外引进的高成本、高能耗的环境控制技术也未能在中国得到实际应用。 Because of the uncertainty of agricultural production, the complexity and the need for low-cost, application of microelectronics technology in the field of agriculture popularization lags far behind other industrial, military, many imported from abroad, high-cost, high-energy environment control technology has not been practical application in China. 因此,我国需要尽快开发具有自主知识产权的适合我国国情的低成本、低能耗的工厂化生产的环境控制与智能化生产管理技术。 Therefore, China needs to develop as soon as possible at low cost with independent intellectual property rights of China's national conditions, low-power factory production of environmental control and intelligent production management techniques. 利用合理的环境调控技术不仅能提高农产品的产量与品质,还能调节商品上市时间,实现规范化、标准化、精细化生产,彻底把传统的粗放式、经验式的农业生产改造成精细式、智能式的工厂化生产,大幅度提高农业生产的经济效益、社会效益和生态效益。 The use of sound environmental control technology can not only improve the yield and quality of agricultural products, but also adjust the time to market of goods, achieve standardization, meticulous production, complete the traditional extensive production experience type of transformation of agriculture into a fine style, smart the factory production, greatly improve the economic, social and ecological benefits of agricultural production.

当前世界上植物工厂化生产系统根据光照来源的不同分为自然光利用型和人工光与自然光并用型的两大类。 The current world production plant factory system into natural light and artificial light-utilizing natural light and with two categories depending on the type of light source. 自然光利用型植物工厂利用自然光,厂房为大型玻璃温室或连栋塑料温室,室内设置各种环境因子的监测和调控设备。 Type plant facility using natural light with natural light, a large glass greenhouse or plant house with plastic, setting various indoor environmental factors for the monitoring and regulation apparatus. 这类植物工厂多少受到自然条件的影响,种植植物种类也有一定程度限制,其最大难题是如何实现夏季降温与冬季加温的低成本和低能耗。 How many of these plant factories affected by natural conditions, plant species grow there is a certain degree of restriction, its biggest challenge is how to achieve summer cooling and winter heating cost and low power consumption. 自然光和人工光并用型植物工厂在白天直接利用太阳光,当日射不足或日长不够时启动补光装置进行光照调控,室内设置有各种环境因子的监测和调控设备。 Natural light and artificial light type plant factory directly with sunlight during the day, or the day of shooting date insufficient long enough to start the fill light illumination device for regulation chamber provided with various environmental factors monitoring and regulation apparatus. 比自然光型植物工厂相比,自然光和人工光并用型植物工厂内设置了补光装置,不易受自然条件的影响,但其并没有解决夏季降温与冬季加温的高成本和高能耗问题。 Type plant compared to plants than natural light, artificial light and natural light with Type plant factory flash device is provided, not easily affected by natural conditions, but it does not solve the problem of high energy consumption and costly cooling in summer and heating in winter. 近年来,虽然有人不断提出完全采用人工光源如高压钠灯、金属卤化灯、荧光灯、发光二极管、激光等进行植物工厂化生产的提案,但是仍然由于高成本化和高能耗的特点限制了其技术发展。 In recent years, although some continue to fully proposed artificial light sources such as high pressure sodium, metal halide lamp, a fluorescent lamp, a light emitting diode, a laser or the like of the industrial production plant proposal, but still high cost due to the characteristics of high energy consumption and limits the development of its technology . 因此,如何能实现低成本和低能耗的环境控制技术是促进植物工厂实用化生产的技术瓶颈。 So, how to achieve low cost and low power consumption environmental control technology is to promote practical plant factory production technology bottleneck.

发明内容 SUMMARY

(一)要解决的技术问题本发明的目的在于提供一种成本低、能耗低的环境控制型植物工厂。 (A) Technical Problem to be Solved object of the present invention is to provide a low cost, low energy consumption and environmental control type plant factory.

(二)技术方案为实现上述目的,本发明采用完全隔热不透光材料建成一个密闭式的完全利用人工光的环境控制型植物工厂,使植物生产完全摆脱了自然环境的影响,自主开发了基于嵌入式网络技术的环境控制系统,对系统内的温度、湿度、CO2浓度、光照、风向、风速等环境因子进行监测和控制,将空气洁净与环境控制相结合,为植物生产提供清洁的、最适的生长环境。 (B) Technical Solution To achieve the above object, the present invention employs a fully insulated opaque material built a plant factory environment controlled closed completely artificial light, the plants produced completely from the effects of the natural environment, independent development of , of the temperature within the system, humidity, CO2 concentration, light, wind direction, wind speed and other environmental factors embedded network control system based on the environmental monitoring and control technology, and the clean air environmental control combine to provide a plant for the production of clean, the optimum growth environment.

本发明公开的一种密闭式完全利用人工光的环境控制型植物工厂,包括围护结构、空气循环系统、温度调节系统、湿度调节系统、CO2供给系统、光源供给系统,还包括基于嵌入式网络技术的控制系统;控制系统监测和控制空气循环系统、温度调节系统、湿度调节系统、CO2供给系统、光源供给系统的状态和运行。 The present invention discloses a completely closed environment using a light control type artificial plant factory, including envelope, air circulation system, temperature control system, humidity control system, CO2 supply system, supplying the light source system further comprises an embedded web-based art control system; control system monitoring and control air circulation system, temperature control system, humidity control system, the state of CO2 supply system, the supply system and the light source operation.

其中,围护结构是密闭、隔热、不透光的,它可以由隔热彩钢板做成,能够起到保温隔热和密闭环境的效果,将因换气而产生的系统内外的物质和能量的交换控制在最小限度,并能防止室内外温差较大时壁板内侧结露。 Wherein the envelope is sealed, insulated, opaque, it may be made of insulated color plate, and the thermal insulation effect can play a closed environment, the material outside the system and the ventilation generated by a minimum energy exchange control, and indoor and outdoor temperature can be prevented when a large inner wall condensation. 因此,系统内空气的温度和湿度容易控制,为节能省电提供物理性建筑结构。 Thus, the temperature and humidity of air within the system is easy to control, provides physical energy saving building structure.

其中,空气循环系统采用正压自循环方式,包括回风机、送风机、初效过滤器及高效过滤器,采用两侧送风和顶端回风方式,空气由回风机吸入,经初效过滤器和高效过滤器两级过滤,由送风机送出;室内消耗的空气由室外补充,室外空气由风阀控制,经过初效过滤器和高效过滤器两级过滤,送入空气循环系统,保证空气的洁净和充足。 Wherein positive pressure air circulation system from the circulation, including return fan, blower, filter initial efficiency and high efficiency filter, using the top and sides of the return air blowing mode, the fan air suction by the return, the early effect of the filter and two filtration efficiency filter, is sent by the air blower; indoor air consumed by the outdoor added, the outdoor air damper controls, through Primary filter and two-stage filtration efficiency filter, into the air circulation system, and to ensure clean air sufficient.

其中,温度调节系统包括空调机组、多组压缩机和压力控制器,所述空调机组可以是一套冷热管道式空调机组,空调的加热和制冷互锁(即当空调加热时,其制冷关闭,制冷时加热关闭)以避免两者同时开启状态发生。 Wherein the temperature control system comprising air conditioning unit, a plurality of sets of the compressor and a pressure controller, the air conditioning unit may be a cold ducted air conditioning units, heating and cooling air conditioning interlock (i.e., when the air conditioner is heated, closed refrigeration , heating the cooling off) to prevent both the occurrence of the ON state. 同时,该系统通过压力控制器根据系统内部的热负荷来决定启动压缩机的工作台数,以保证最小的能耗。 Simultaneously, the system determines the number of stage compressor is started in accordance with the thermal load by the pressure inside the system controller to ensure minimum power consumption.

其中,湿度控制系统采用加湿器和纯水机,所述加湿器可以是管道式超声波加湿器,加湿器的供水采用纯水机过滤过的纯水,以保证超声波加湿器足够的使用寿命并减少日常维护次数。 Wherein the humidifier and humidity control system using pure water, the humidifier may be a pipeline ultrasonic humidifier, the humidifier using a pure water supply filtered water to ensure adequate service life ultrasonic humidifier and reduced routine maintenance times.

其中,CO2供给系统采用装有液态CO2钢瓶为系统提供CO2气体,通过压力调节阀、流量计、电磁阀,与送风管道相连,由循环风机将调控好CO2浓度的气体送入系统内部。 Wherein, with liquid feed system with CO2 CO2 CO2 gas cylinder system provided by the pressure regulating valve, a flow meter, a solenoid valve, connected to the air duct by the circulation fan good regulation of the CO2 concentration gas into the internal system. CO2体供应电磁阀与光源供给系统联动控制,只有在光照打开时,CO2供应电磁阀才会打开,从而避免了暗期时施放CO2造成的浪费。 CO2 source material supply solenoid valve supply linkage control system, open only in the light, CO2 supply solenoid valve will open, thereby avoiding the waste of time caused by CO2 cast a dark period.

其中,光源供给系统包括发光装置和控制箱,其中发光装置可以是荧光灯(YZ36RL,北京松下照明光源有限公司,北京,中国)。 Wherein the light source comprises a light emitting device and a supply system control box, wherein the light emitting means can be a fluorescent lamp (YZ36RL, Beijing Matsushita Lighting Co., Ltd., Beijing, China). 利用与植物吸收光谱相近的特定的发光装置为植物生长提供合理的光照,控制箱包括定时器、断电保护装置和多组开关,发光装置分组与控制箱相连,受控制箱控制,每个培养区域均独立配置控制箱和发光装置。 Light-emitting device using a specific absorption spectrum of a similar plant with a reasonable light for plant growth, comprising a control box connected to a timer, and power protection devices plurality of sets of switches, the light emitting device and the packet control box, controlled by the control box, each culture region independently disposed and a light emitting device control box. 并且光照的时间和强度采用定时分档方式,针对不同培育期提供不同光照强度和光周期的光照环境,既满足了植物不同生长阶段的需要,也能实现低成本化并节约电能。 And the time and intensity of illumination sub-file a timed manner, to provide different photoperiod and light intensity for different lighting conditions of cultivation, both to meet the needs of different plant growth stage, and cost reduction can be achieved to save energy. 特定荧光灯的30%左右的有效发光基本能被植物所吸收,其他的70%发光转化成热源来维持系统内部的温热环境。 30% of the effective light emitting specific fluorescent substantially absorbed by plants, 70% converted to other light emitting source to maintain the thermal environment within the system. 由于整个系统与外界隔绝,系统在明期和暗期均能保持一定的热平衡。 Since the whole system and isolated, the system can maintain a thermal equilibrium constant light period and dark period. 空调系统的成绩系数达到5以后,不仅提高了人工光源的光利用效率,也大大提高了电能使用效率。 Coefficient of performance of the air conditioning system after reaching 5, not only improves the light utilization efficiency of artificial light, greatly improving the energy efficiency.

其中,基于嵌入式网络技术的控制系统,包含多组嵌入式网络的控制模块、分布式继电器模块和环境因子监测传感器以及计算机。 Wherein the control system based on embedded network technology, comprising a plurality of sets of the control modules embedded network, the relay module and environmental factors distributed monitoring sensors and a computer. 环境因子监测传感器用于监测整个系统内的环境状况,利用以太网集线器将多组嵌入式控制模块连接组成局域网,并与计算机连接,基于嵌入式网络技术的控制模块将传感器检测的模拟信号转换成数字信号,并传送给计算机,所有检测信号经由控制软件分析、比较、预测后,按照能源优化的控制模式与基于植物环境反馈的最适控制原则发出控制指令,经过控制模块将动作指令传给继电器模块,从而启动或关闭相应的执行机构,并通过计算机对系统内所有控制参数、实时监测数据和图像动态地进行WEB发布。 Sensors for monitoring environmental factors monitoring environmental conditions within the system, using a plurality of sets of embedded Ethernet hub connected to form a local area network control module, and connected to a computer network technology based on embedded control module converts the analog signals detected by the sensor is converted into a digital signal and transferred to the computer, all the detection signals via control software analysis, comparison, the forecast, according to a control mode energy optimization issue control instructions based on the principle of a plant environment optimal control feedback, via the control module will pass the operation command relay modules to enable or disable the corresponding actuator, and release all the WEB control parameters within the system, real-time monitoring and dynamic image data by the computer. 其中,环境因子监测传感器包括:风速传感器、温度传感器、湿度传感器、CO2浓度传感器,如果采用水培方式栽培或营养液自动灌溉,则还包括酸碱度(pH)传感器和电导度(EC)传感器。 Wherein the sensor comprises monitoring environmental factors: wind speed sensor, a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, CO2 concentration sensor, if hydroponic cultivation or automatic irrigation nutrient solution, further comprising the acidity (pH) sensor and electrical conductance (EC) sensor.

本发明还设计了自动计电系统,在整个密闭式植物工厂中使用了多块多功能三相或单相电表来自动计量所有执行机构的耗电量,这些电表通过485通讯端口与监控计算机相连,通讯协议支持国际《多功能电能表通信规约》(Multi-function watt-hour meter communicationprotocol)DL/T645-1997标准。 The present invention also contemplates an automatic gage system, using a plurality of multi-functional three-phase or single-phase meter closed plant throughout plant automatically metering the consumption of all actuators, which are connected by the meter communication port 485 and a computer monitor , an international communications protocol support "multi-function meter communication protocol" (Multi-function watt-hour meter communicationprotocol) DL / T645-1997 standards. 该自动计电系统针对系统内各用电设备(如空调、风机、光照、加湿器等)的耗电量分别进行统计核算,明确各用电设备的用电情况,并将统计结果传送给控制系统,通过对各用电设备的绩效考察,进一步优化系统控制方案,为节省电能消耗和提高电能使用效率提供参考依据。 The automatic scoring system for the electric power consumption of each electrical equipment in the system (such as air conditioning, fans, lighting, humidifiers etc.) are performed statistical accounting clear electricity consumption of each consumer, and the count result to the control system, through investigation of the performance of each consumer, to further optimize the system control program to provide a reference to save power consumption and improve energy efficiency.

本发明还设计了水回收利用装置,包括空调冷凝水回收装置和加湿器溢流水回收装置,回收的水经过滤后进入营养液灌溉系统进行再生利用。 The present invention also contemplates a water recycling means including a humidifier and air conditioning condensate recovery overflow water recovery, the recovered water to enter the filtered liquid nutrient irrigation systems are recycled.

本发明提供的植物工厂可以采用多层培养架的多层立体栽培方式,采用这种栽培方式时,空气循环系统的送风散流口与多层培养架一一对应,能够有效地降低因发光装置开启而造成的垂直方向上温度差异大的问题;同时,将光源供给系统在每个培养架均独立配置控制箱和发光装置,使得每个培养架的光照时间和各层的光照强度都能独立控制。 Cultivation perspective multilayer multilayered cultured plant factory frame provided by the invention may be employed, With this cultivation method, the air circulation system and a blower diffuser port frame correspondence multilayer culture can be effectively reduced due to the light emitting opening means in the vertical direction caused by the large temperature difference problems; simultaneously, the source supply system control box and independently emitting device disposed in each training aircraft, such that illumination time and illumination intensity layers each frame can be cultured independent control.

(三)有益效果本发明提供的一种密闭式完全利用人工光的环境控制型植物工厂具有以下优点:(1)采用密闭隔热不透光的围护结构,使室内外能量和物质交换维持在最小限度,该植物工厂可以不受季节、气候和地域的限制。 (Iii) A closed Advantageous Effects The present invention provides full utilization of the plant factory environment controlled artificial light has the following advantages: (1) heat sealed opaque envelope, so that the energy and material exchange indoor maintained at a minimum, the plant factory unrestricted season, climate and geographical.

(2)CO2供给系统与光源供给系统联动控制,提高了CO2利用效率;(3)采用多层立体栽培提高了空间利用率,在有限的空间内实现大规模生产从而大幅度提高单位面积产量;(4)采用每个区域每个培养架独立配置控制箱和特定发光装置如特定荧光灯,能够针对不同需要提供不同的光照时间和光照强度,提高光能的利用效率,并对应不同植物对光环境的需求;(5)空调冷凝水和加湿器溢流的回收使用提高了水的利用效率;(6)基于嵌入式网络技术的环境控制系统实现了实时动态的环境监测和控制,系统的自学习功能使系统在积累运行经验的同时不断地修正其最适运行模式,管理者和开发者利用WEB动态发布随时监控系统运行,从而逐步实现了系统的标准化、智能化的环境控制和生产管理;综上所述,本发明公开的植物工厂能够实现低成本、低能耗、操作简便,适用 (2) CO2 supply system and the light source control linkage supply system, improved efficiency of CO2; (3) multi-dimensional cultivation space efficiency, mass production in a limited space so as to greatly improve the yield per unit area; (4) the area of ​​each shelf independently of each culture and the particular configuration of the control box a light emitting device such as specific fluorescent lamps, it is possible to provide different illumination and light intensity for different needs, to improve the utilization efficiency of light energy, and light corresponding to different plant environment demand; recycling (5) humidifiers and air conditioning condensate water overflow improve water use efficiency; (6) environmental control system based on embedded network technology to achieve the environmental monitoring and control of real-time dynamic, self-learning system feature allows the system to run at the same time accumulated experience of constantly correcting the optimum mode of operation, managers and developers use WEB dynamic publishing at any time to monitor system operation, thus gradually standardized system, intelligent environmental control and production management; comprehensive the present invention discloses a plant facility cost can be reduced, low power consumption, simple operation, applies 标准化、规格化的环境控制与生产管理。 Standardization, normalization of environmental control and production management.

本发明可直接应用于无农药、高品质和高附加值的植物遗传资源和种苗的低成本化的大量快速繁殖和大规模生产,实现标准化和规格化的栽培管理和计划生产。 The present invention can be directly applied pesticide-free, cost of seed and plant genetic resources of high quality and high value-added and rapid propagation of a large number of large-scale production, standardized management and cultivation and planned production normalized. 主要适用于各种新品种、脱毒苗、转基因苗等不易种子繁育的花卉、林木、蔬菜、中药草等种苗或植物的低成本化的大量快速繁殖与规模化生产,及其菌类、苔藓类、昆虫的工厂化生产;也可应用于各种环境控制、植物生理抗逆性、组织培养、遗传育种等领域的科研试验,也可进行植物信息检测的技术开发。 Suitable for all kinds of new varieties, virus-free seedlings, seedlings and other difficult transgenic seed breeding of a large number of low-cost and rapid propagation of large-scale production of flowers, trees, vegetables, herbs, etc. in seedlings or plants, and fungi, mosses, industrial production insects; also be applied to a variety of environmental control, physiological resistance of plant, tissue culture, research and experimentation in the field of genetic breeding, a plant can also be detected information technology development.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是密闭式完全利用人工光的环境控制型植物工厂的系统示意图;图2是基于嵌入式网络技术的控制系统的硬件结构示意图;图3是密闭式植物工厂的自动计电系统结构示意图;图4是光照控制箱结构示意图。 1 is a schematic completely sealed environment using artificial light control type plant factory system; FIG. 2 is a hardware configuration schematic diagram of a control system based on embedded internet; FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an electrical system configuration of an automatic gauge closed plant factory; 4 is a schematic structure of the light control box.

图1中:1、围护结构;2、送风夹道;3、送风口;4、通风管道;5、温湿度传感器;6、风速传感器;7、风量调节阀;8、回风风机;9、回风口;10、空调;11、送风风机;12、高效过滤器;13、加湿器;14、电磁阀;15、配电箱;16、系统控制箱;17、初效过滤器;18、CO2供气管;19、通风管道;20、CO2气瓶;21、纯水机;22、加湿器进水管;23、水箱;24、回水管;25、营养液箱;26、室内CO2传感器;27、室内温湿度传感器;28、控制室外空气进入的风阀;29、送风处的温湿度传感器;30、断电保护装置;31、定时器;32、开关;33、电表;34、计算机;35、485通讯端口。 Figure 1: 1, envelope; 2, blower lined; 3, delivery outlet; 4, ventilation ducts; 5, temperature and humidity sensors; 6, a wind speed sensor; 7, air volume control valve; 8, return air fan; 9 , return air; 10, air conditioning; 11, the air blowing fan; 12, high efficiency filters; 13, humidifier; 14, solenoid valve; 15, distribution box; 16, a system control box; 17, Primary filter; 18 , CO2 supply pipe; 19, ventilation ducts; 20 is, CO2 gas cylinder; 21, pure water; 22, the humidifier inlet; 23, water tanks; 24, return pipe; 25, nutrient solution tank; 26, indoor CO2 sensor; 27, indoor temperature and humidity sensors; 28, controlling the outdoor air into the damper; 29, temperature and humidity sensor at the blower; 30, power protection unit; 31, a timer; 32, a switch; 33, meter; 34, computer ; 35,485 communication port.

具体实施例下面结合附图进一步详细说明本发明的具体实施方式,但不用来限制本发明的保护范围。 Specific embodiments will be described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings embodiments of the present invention, but not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

如图1所示,在本实施例中,维护结构1由隔热彩钢板做成,为系统提供了密闭、隔热、不透光的物理性建筑结构。 As shown in FIG. 1, in the present embodiment, the maintenance of the structure 1 made of insulating color steel plate, a sealed insulation system, an opaque physical building structures. 所采用空气循环系统为一正压自循环系统,利用通风管道4将各设备连接,形成一个密闭的循环通道。 The air circulation system using a positive circulatory system, the use of ventilation ducts 4 connecting the device to form a closed circulation passage. 室内空气经回风口9处的初效过滤器,被回风风机8抽出,经过空调10的温度调节处理,再由送风机11送至高效过滤器12进行过滤,然后经过加湿器13和CO2供气管18调节相对湿度和CO2浓度后,从送风管进入送风夹道2,最后从侧墙上的送风口3进入室内。 Primary filter of the indoor air through the return air 9, return air blower 8 is withdrawn, the temperature of the air conditioner 10 after adjustment processing, and then sent from the blower 11 to filter high-efficiency filter 12, a humidifier 13 and then through the CO2 gas supply tube after 18 adjusted relative humidity and CO2 concentration, from blowing into the blow pipe lined 2, and finally into the room from the air outlet on the side wall 3. 在系统运行过程中,当室内温/湿度传感器27和CO2传感器26检测到室内温/湿度和CO2浓度通过专用算法预测在下一时刻将超出设定的控制范围时,控制系统就会发出指令启动或停止相应设备。 When the system is in operation, when the indoor temperature / humidity sensor 27 and a CO2 sensor 26 detects the indoor temperature / humidity and CO2 concentration by a dedicated algorithm in predicting the next timing beyond the control range, the control system will issue commands to start or stop the device. 比如温度异常,就会启动空调10进行加热或制冷;湿度异常就会打开加湿器13进行加湿,或者打开新风阀28通入室外新风降低湿度,加湿所用的水由纯水机21提供,经过加湿管道22送到加湿器;CO2浓度低于设定值时系统就会打开电磁阀14,CO2气体从CO2气瓶20通过气管18进入风管,随气流进入室内,CO2浓度高于设定值时系统就打开风阀28通入室外新风稀释室内CO2浓度。 Abnormality such as temperature, air conditioner 10 starts heating or cooling; abnormal humidity will open the humidifier 13 to humidify, or open a new air valve 28 through the outdoor air to reduce humidity, the humidifying water used by pure water 21, humidified when the system opens the solenoid valve 14 CO2 concentration below the set value, CO2 gas from CO2 cylinder into the duct 20 through the duct 18, into the air chamber, CO2 concentration higher than the set value; duct 22 to the humidifier the system will open a new air valve 28 into the outdoor air indoors diluted CO2 concentration. 系统制冷过程中所得的冷凝水和加湿时溢出的水通过回水管24流回水箱23,为营养液箱25中营养液的配制供水,从而实现水的循环利用。 Overflow system during cooling and humidifying the resulting condensate water return pipe 24 flows back to the tank 23, tank 25 of the nutrient solution in the nutrient solution formulation of water in order to achieve recycling of water through. 室外新鲜空气经过初效过滤器17进入风管19,再经过高效过滤器的进一步过滤,被风机送入室内。 Fresh outdoor air through the filter 17 into the early effect of the filter is further duct 19, then through the high efficiency filter, is sent to the indoor fan. 风速传感器6测量风道内的风速,从而可以确定系统的送风量,送风量的大小根据需要可以通过风量调节阀7进行调节。 Wind speed sensor 6 measures wind speed inside the duct, so that the system can determine the amount of the air blowing, the air supply valve can be adjusted by the size of the air volume is adjusted as desired 7. 回风处温/湿度传感器5和送风处温/湿度传感器29主要用于检测回风处和进风处的空气温湿度。 The return air temperature / humidity sensor and the blower 5 at the temperature / humidity sensor 29 is mainly used for air temperature and humidity of the return air and at the inlet. 系统的控制模块、继电器模块、自动计电模块全部收纳到系统控制箱16里。 The system control module, the relay module, all automatically gage module housed in the box 16 to the system controller.

如图2所示,在实际操作中,所有设备都由控制系统通过监控软件(嵌入无线网络式环境控制系统,软件著作权登记号2005SRBJ1769)进行自动控制。 As shown, in practice, all devices 2 by the control system through the monitoring software (embedded wireless network-based environment control system, software copyright registration number 2005SRBJ1769) for automatic control. 各种传感器用于监测整个系统内的环境状况,基于嵌入式网络技术的控制模块是由多个嵌入式控制芯片组成,该控制模块将传感器检测的模拟信号转换成数字信号,所有检测信号经由监控软件分析比较预测后,按照优化的控制模式与最适控制算法发出控制指令,再经过控制模块将动作指令传给继电器模块,从而启动或关闭相应的执行机构。 Various sensors for monitoring environmental conditions within the entire system based on embedded control network technology embedded control module is a plurality of chips, the sensor detects the control module converts the analog signal into a digital signal, all the detection signals via the monitor comparing the predicted post-analysis software, the control mode is optimized according to the optimal control algorithm and emits a control command, the control module and then through the relay module operation command transmitted to activate or deactivate the appropriate enforcement agency.

如图3所示,本发明的自动机电系统包含多块多功能三相或单相电表33来自动计量所有执行机构的耗电量,这些电表33通过485通讯端口35与监控计算机34相连,通讯协议支持国际《多功能电能表通信规约》(Multi-function watt-hour meter communication protocol)DL/T645-1997标准。 3, automatic electromechanical system of the invention comprises the power consumption of the plurality of actuators of all multi-functional three-phase or single-phase meter 33 automatically measured by these meters 33 485 communication port 35 is connected to the monitoring computer 34, communications international protocol support "multi-function meter communication protocol" (Multi-function watt-hour meter communication protocol) DL / T645-1997 standards. 该自动机电系统针对系统内各用电设备(包括空调、风机、光照、加湿器等)的耗电量分别进行统计核算,明确各用电设备的用电情况,并将统计结果传送给控制系统,通过对各用电设备的绩效考察,进一步优化系统控制方案,为节省电能消耗和提高电能使用效率提供参考依据。 The electromechanical system for automatic electrical consumption of each device in the system (including air conditioning, fans, lighting, humidifiers etc.) are performed statistical accounting clear electricity consumption of each consumer, and the count result to the control system by investigation of the performance of each consumer, to further optimize the system control program to provide a reference to save power consumption and improve energy efficiency.

在本实施例中,光源供给系统由荧光灯和配电箱15组成。 In the present embodiment, the light source is supplied by a system composed of a fluorescent lamp and the distribution box 15. 如图4所示,配电箱15包括定时器31、断电保护装置30和多组开关32。 As shown, power distribution box 154 includes a timer 31, power protection unit 30 and the plurality of sets of switch 32. 各开关32与各组荧光灯相连,通过设定定时器31来控制各组荧光灯的工作时间。 Each switch 32 is connected to each group of fluorescent lamps, 31 to control operation time of each group of fluorescent lamps by setting a timer.

最后所应说明的是,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,尤其是本环境控制技术可以同时控制多套系统,从而建立大规模的分布式的植物工厂系统,以适应大规模不同植物种类生产的需求。 Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are intended to illustrate and not limit the present invention, in particular, the present environmental control techniques may control multiple systems simultaneously, thus establishing a large-scale distributed plant factory system to accommodate large-scale production needs of different plant species. 通过以上实施例对本发明进行的详细描述,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,对本发明的技术方案进行修改或者等同替换,而不脱离本发明技术方案的精神和范围,其均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求范围当中。 Detailed description of embodiments of the present invention is the above embodiments, those of ordinary skill will appreciate, modifications to the technical solutions of the present invention, or equivalent replacements without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, which should be encompassed by the present invention, among the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1.一种密闭式完全利用人工光的环境控制型植物工厂,包括围护结构、空气循环系统、温度调节系统、湿度调节系统、CO2供给系统、光源供给系统,其特征在于:还包括基于嵌入式网络技术的控制系统,该控制系统用于监控空气循环系统、温度调节系统、湿度调节系统、CO2供给系统和光源供给系统的状态和运行;所述的围护结构是密闭隔热不透光的,所述的光源供给系统的光源是完全人工光源。 A complete closed type control plant factory environment using artificial light, including envelope, air circulation system, temperature control system, humidity control system, CO2 supply system, a light source supply system, characterized by: further comprising embedding based the control system network technology, the control system for monitoring the air circulation system, temperature control system, humidity control system, the state of the light source system and a CO2 supply system and the supply operation; the envelope is heat sealed opaque and said light source is a supply system completely artificial light.
2.根据权利要求1所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:还包括自动计电系统,该自动计电系统对各用电设备的耗电量分别进行统计核算,并将统计结果传送给控制系统,通过对各用电设备的绩效考察,进一步优化系统控制方案。 2. The plant of the plant according to claim 1, characterized in that: the system further comprises an automatic electrical meter, the automatic scoring system of the electric power consumption of each device separately performs statistical accounting and statistical results to the control system by investigation of the performance of each consumer, to further optimize the system control program.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:所述的空气循环系统采用正压循环方式,包括回风机(8)、送风机(11)、初效过滤器及高效过滤器(12),采用两侧送风和顶端回风方式,空气由回风机(8)吸入,经回风口、初效过滤器(9)和高效过滤器(12)两级过滤,由送风机(11)送出;室内消耗的空气由室外补充,室外空气进入通风道(19)后先经过初效过滤器(17),再由风阀(28)自动控制送入空气循环系统。 The plant or plant according to claim 1, wherein: said positive pressure cycle air circulation system, including return fan (8), a blower (11), and the Primary Filter efficiency filter (12), using both top blowing and return air mode, air is sucked by the return fan (8), the return air, the early effect of the filter (9) and the high efficiency filter (12) two filters, a fan (11 ) feeding; supplemented room air consumed by the outside and the outside air into the duct (19) go through the early effect of the filter (17), then by a damper (28) into the automatic control of air circulation system.
4.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:所述的温度调节系统包括空调机组(10)、多台压缩机和压力控制器,所述空调机组的制冷和加热互锁,所述压缩机的工作数量由压力控制器根据系统内部的热负荷来决定。 The plant or plant according to claim 1, wherein: said air conditioning units comprises a temperature regulating system (10), a plurality of compressors and a pressure controller, a heating and cooling air conditioning units interlocked , the number of operation of the compressor is determined by the pressure controller according to the thermal load inside the system.
5.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:所述的湿度调节系统包括加湿器(13)和纯水机(21),加湿器(13)的供水采用经过纯水机(13)过滤的纯水。 The plant or plant according to claim 1, wherein: the humidity control system includes a humidifier (13) and pure water (21), the humidifier (13) through the use of a pure water supply (13) the filtered water.
6.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:所述的CO2供给系统包括装有液态CO2钢瓶(20)、压力调节阀、流量计及电磁阀(14),CO2通过压力调节阀、流量计、电磁阀与送风管道相连;CO2气体供应电磁阀(14)与光源供给系统联动控制,光源打开时,CO2气体供应电磁阀(14)才会打开。 The plant or plant according to claim 1, wherein: said system comprises a CO2 supply cylinder containing liquid CO2 (20), a pressure control valve, flow meter and the solenoid valve (14), by the pressure CO2 regulating valves, flow meters, the air duct is connected to the solenoid valve; of CO2 gas supply solenoid valve (14) is supplied with a light source control linkage system, the light source is opened, CO2 gas supply solenoid valve (14) will open.
7.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:所述的光源供给系统包括发光装置和控制箱(15),所述发光装置是与植物吸收光谱相近的特定光谱的人工光源,控制箱(15)包括定时器(30)、断电保护装置(31)和多组开关(32),发光装置分组与控制箱(15)相连,受控制箱控制,每个培养区域均独立配置控制箱(15)和发光装置,光照的时间和强度采用定时分档方式。 The plant or plant according to claim 1, wherein: said light supply system comprising a light emitting device and a control box (15), the light emitting device is similar to a plant specific spectral absorption spectrum of artificial light sources , the control box (15) includes a timer (30), power protection device (31) and a plurality of sets of switches (32), the light emitting device and the packet control box (15) is connected, controlled by the control box for each zone is independently culture configuration control box (15) and a light emitting device, the time and intensity of illumination sub-file a timed manner.
8.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:所述的基于嵌入式网络技术的控制系统,包括多组嵌入式网络的控制模块、分布式继电器模块和环境因子监测传感器以及计算机,环境因子监测传感器用于监测整个系统内的环境状况,利用以太网集线器将多组嵌入式控制模块连接组成局域网,并与计算机连接,基于嵌入式网络技术的控制模块将传感器检测的模拟信号转换成数字信号,并传送给计算机,所有检测信号经由控制软件分析、比较、预测后,按照能源优化的控制模式与基于植物环境反馈的最适控制原则发出控制指令,经过控制模块将动作指令传给继电器模块,从而启动或关闭相应的执行机构,并且通过计算机监控软件和因特网对系统内所有控制参数、实时监测数据和图像动态地进行WEB发布。 The plant or plant according to claim 1, wherein: the control system based on embedded network technology, comprising a plurality of sets of embedded network control module, the relay module and the distributed sensor to monitor the environmental factors, and analog computer, sensors for monitoring environmental factors monitoring environmental conditions within the system, using a plurality of sets of embedded Ethernet hub connected to form a local area network control module, and connected to a computer network based on embedded control technology will be detected by the sensor module converted into a digital signal, and transferred to the computer, all the detection signals via control software analysis, comparison, the forecast, according to a control mode energy optimization issue control instructions based on the principle of a plant environment optimal control feedback, via the operation command transmission control module a relay module to activate or deactivate the corresponding actuator, and performs all the WEB publishing system within the control parameters, real-time monitoring and dynamic image data via the Internet and computer monitoring software.
9.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:还包括水回收利用系统,所述水回收利用系统包括:空调冷凝水回收装置和加湿器溢流水回收装置,回收的水经过滤后进入营养液灌溉系统。 9. The plant or plant according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: further comprising a water recycling system, the water recycling system comprising: a humidifier and air conditioning condensate recovery overflow water recovery, recovered water through after filtration of nutrient solution into the irrigation system.
10.根据权利要求1或2所述的植物工厂,其特征在于:所述的植物工厂采用多层培养架式的立体栽培方式,并且每个培养架均独立配置控制箱(15)和发光装置,所述的空气循环系统的送风散流口与多层培养架一一对应。 10. The plant or the plant according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the plant cultivation method using three-dimensional multilayer plant culture rack and each rack is independently cultured configuration control box (15) and a light emitting device the air circulation system with a blower port multilayer diffuser correspondence training aircraft.
CN 200610076205 2006-04-19 2006-04-19 Closed type environment controlled plant factory fully using artificial light CN100553443C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200610076205 CN100553443C (en) 2006-04-19 2006-04-19 Closed type environment controlled plant factory fully using artificial light

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200610076205 CN100553443C (en) 2006-04-19 2006-04-19 Closed type environment controlled plant factory fully using artificial light

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101057550A true CN101057550A (en) 2007-10-24
CN100553443C CN100553443C (en) 2009-10-28

Family

ID=38863984

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200610076205 CN100553443C (en) 2006-04-19 2006-04-19 Closed type environment controlled plant factory fully using artificial light

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100553443C (en)

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102141788A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-03 深圳桑菲消费通信有限公司 Method and system for monitoring environment variable
CN102147127A (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-08-10 中国扬子集团滁州扬子空调器有限公司 Air-conditioning system of closed artificial light plant factory
CN102210245A (en) * 2010-04-07 2011-10-12 方炜 Compound plant factory combining carbon source and/or nitrogen source facilities
CN102287711A (en) * 2011-08-10 2011-12-21 华南师范大学 A fully automated plant illumination means
CN102293132A (en) * 2011-07-22 2011-12-28 浙江求是人工环境有限公司 Full advantage of sunlight indoor plant growth artificial climate chamber
CN102293143A (en) * 2011-07-21 2011-12-28 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 One kind of condensing water recycling plant factory sealed means
CN102301930A (en) * 2011-06-29 2012-01-04 浙江求是人工环境有限公司 Overhead illumination device for artificial climate chamber
CN101627707B (en) 2009-08-21 2012-04-18 北京盛阳谷科技有限公司 Environmental-control type closed greenhouse
CN102461456A (en) * 2010-11-16 2012-05-23 余修博 Grass planting system based on soilless culture
CN102498990A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 四川农业大学 Rice factory production process and rice factory production workshop
CN102523883A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 万贤能 Multifunctional three-dimensional planting system
CN102613030A (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-08-01 段东红 Zero-residue vegetable production double-layer shed
CN102960219A (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-03-13 北京泰宁科创雨水利用技术股份有限公司 Comprehensive utilization system for rainwater and air conditioning condensate water
CN103202205A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-07-17 苏州德鲁克供应链管理有限公司 Plant conservation system
CN103314808A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-25 扬州大学 Movable air environment automatic control multilayer planting greenhouse
CN103583350A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-02-19 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Indoor all-day and full-automatic soilless culture incubator
CN103650994A (en) * 2012-09-04 2014-03-26 大汉光电股份有限公司 Air purification and oxygenation type plant cultivating system
CN103814773A (en) * 2013-06-08 2014-05-28 李秋林 Full-automatic seedling culture device
CN103890667A (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-06-25 耐斯特实验公司 User-friendly, network connected learning thermostat and related systems and methods
CN104429876A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-25 东北农业大学 Closed locking type stereoscopic sprout cultivation device based on plant factory technique
CN104541907A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-04-29 中国农业大学 Seedling resistance training and storage working method and equipment
CN104703462A (en) * 2012-09-25 2015-06-10 青岛裕洋电子有限公司 Apparatus for cultivating bulky feed providing environment for germination and growth of crops
CN104782421A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-22 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Intelligent greenhouse system with carbon dioxide adjusted adaptively
CN105075732A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-25 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Energy-saving type closed plant cultivation device
CN105104155A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-02 哈尔滨工业大学 Intelligent plant cultivation device for self-supply life support system in space station
CN105165585A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-23 杭州阳田农业设备有限公司 Full-automatic family plant factory
CN105532314A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-05-04 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Low-concentration carbon dioxide incubator for basic scientific research and control method
CN105929880A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-07 沈焱 Plant growth monitoring and environment control System for enclosed environment
CN106358637A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-02-01 合肥齐赢网络技术有限公司 Planting management system based on network
CN107251781A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-17 安徽万鼎江农业科技有限公司 A kind of reading intelligent agriculture greenhouse control system
CN107896970A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 中实创科技(广东)有限公司 Distributed intelligence plant factor
CN108518772A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-09-11 北京师范大学 A kind of plant air purifier and purification method
CN108549353A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-09-18 南京邮电大学 Wisdom factory monitoring method and system, readable storage medium storing program for executing, terminal

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4505066A (en) 1982-03-15 1985-03-19 Moore Patrick D Indoor greenhouse
CN2385521Y (en) 1999-08-09 2000-07-05 赖建州 Three-D artificial environmental cultivation room
CN2545818Y (en) 2002-05-20 2003-04-23 农业部规划设计研究院 Double-slope intelligent greenhouses

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101627707B (en) 2009-08-21 2012-04-18 北京盛阳谷科技有限公司 Environmental-control type closed greenhouse
CN102210245A (en) * 2010-04-07 2011-10-12 方炜 Compound plant factory combining carbon source and/or nitrogen source facilities
CN102461456A (en) * 2010-11-16 2012-05-23 余修博 Grass planting system based on soilless culture
CN102141788A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-03 深圳桑菲消费通信有限公司 Method and system for monitoring environment variable
CN102147127A (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-08-10 中国扬子集团滁州扬子空调器有限公司 Air-conditioning system of closed artificial light plant factory
CN102147127B (en) * 2011-03-24 2013-04-03 中国扬子集团滁州扬子空调器有限公司 Air-conditioning system of closed artificial light plant factory
CN102301930A (en) * 2011-06-29 2012-01-04 浙江求是人工环境有限公司 Overhead illumination device for artificial climate chamber
CN102301930B (en) * 2011-06-29 2013-03-27 浙江求是人工环境有限公司 Overhead illumination device for artificial climate chamber
CN102293143A (en) * 2011-07-21 2011-12-28 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 One kind of condensing water recycling plant factory sealed means
CN102293132A (en) * 2011-07-22 2011-12-28 浙江求是人工环境有限公司 Full advantage of sunlight indoor plant growth artificial climate chamber
CN102287711A (en) * 2011-08-10 2011-12-21 华南师范大学 A fully automated plant illumination means
CN102498990A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 四川农业大学 Rice factory production process and rice factory production workshop
CN102498990B (en) * 2011-09-30 2015-12-09 四川农业大学 Rice industrial production technology and workshop thereof
CN103890667B (en) * 2011-10-21 2017-02-15 谷歌公司 User-friendly, network connected learning thermostat and related systems and methods
CN103890667A (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-06-25 耐斯特实验公司 User-friendly, network connected learning thermostat and related systems and methods
WO2013107263A1 (en) * 2012-01-16 2013-07-25 Wan Xianneng Multifunctional three-dimensional planting system
CN102523883B (en) * 2012-01-16 2014-12-24 万贤能 Multifunctional three-dimensional planting system
CN102523883A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 万贤能 Multifunctional three-dimensional planting system
CN102613030A (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-08-01 段东红 Zero-residue vegetable production double-layer shed
CN103650994A (en) * 2012-09-04 2014-03-26 大汉光电股份有限公司 Air purification and oxygenation type plant cultivating system
CN104703462B (en) * 2012-09-25 2018-12-28 青岛裕洋电子有限公司 It is a kind of that the roughage culture apparatus of crop germination and seedling raising environment is provided
CN104703462A (en) * 2012-09-25 2015-06-10 青岛裕洋电子有限公司 Apparatus for cultivating bulky feed providing environment for germination and growth of crops
CN102960219A (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-03-13 北京泰宁科创雨水利用技术股份有限公司 Comprehensive utilization system for rainwater and air conditioning condensate water
CN102960219B (en) * 2012-12-04 2015-04-15 北京泰宁科创雨水利用技术股份有限公司 Comprehensive utilization system for rainwater and air conditioning condensate water
CN103202205A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-07-17 苏州德鲁克供应链管理有限公司 Plant conservation system
CN103314808A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-25 扬州大学 Movable air environment automatic control multilayer planting greenhouse
CN103814773A (en) * 2013-06-08 2014-05-28 李秋林 Full-automatic seedling culture device
CN103814773B (en) * 2013-06-08 2017-05-31 李秋林 Full-automatic device for raising seedlings
CN103583350A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-02-19 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Indoor all-day and full-automatic soilless culture incubator
CN103583350B (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-12-02 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator
CN104429876B (en) * 2014-10-27 2016-08-17 东北农业大学 A kind of enclosed type solid based on plant factor's technology educates bud equipment
CN104429876A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-25 东北农业大学 Closed locking type stereoscopic sprout cultivation device based on plant factory technique
CN104541907A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-04-29 中国农业大学 Seedling resistance training and storage working method and equipment
CN104782421A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-22 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Intelligent greenhouse system with carbon dioxide adjusted adaptively
CN105165585A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-23 杭州阳田农业设备有限公司 Full-automatic family plant factory
CN105075732A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-25 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Energy-saving type closed plant cultivation device
CN105104155A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-02 哈尔滨工业大学 Intelligent plant cultivation device for self-supply life support system in space station
CN105532314A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-05-04 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Low-concentration carbon dioxide incubator for basic scientific research and control method
CN105929880A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-07 沈焱 Plant growth monitoring and environment control System for enclosed environment
CN106358637A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-02-01 合肥齐赢网络技术有限公司 Planting management system based on network
CN107251781A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-17 安徽万鼎江农业科技有限公司 A kind of reading intelligent agriculture greenhouse control system
CN107896970A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 中实创科技(广东)有限公司 Distributed intelligence plant factor
CN108518772A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-09-11 北京师范大学 A kind of plant air purifier and purification method
CN108549353A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-09-18 南京邮电大学 Wisdom factory monitoring method and system, readable storage medium storing program for executing, terminal

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN100553443C (en) 2009-10-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101300958B (en) Intermittent immersed plant cultivation device and control method thereof
CN101803544A (en) Greenhouse system and intelligent greenhouse control system
CN2707013Y (en) Intelligent and ecological gutter connected greenhouse for edible fungus
CN101919330B (en) Automatic control system of intelligent low-temperature grain storage and control method thereof
CN202095336U (en) Closed type micro plant factory
CN103503763B (en) Plant growing box control system and control method thereof
CN104267769B (en) Growing environment following system and method for dendrobium candidum
CN103604175B (en) A kind of VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System)
CN100553443C (en) Closed type environment controlled plant factory fully using artificial light
WO2012136124A1 (en) Method and device for providing heat and carbon dioxide to vegetables and/or algae using power station flue gas
Campen et al. Greenhouse cooling and heat recovery using fine wire heat exchangers in a closed pot plant greenhouse: design of an energy producing greenhouse
CN2577555Y (en) Fungus culturing devices
NL2000253C2 (en) Assembly of horticultural establishment and animal husbandry establishment.
CN101502231B (en) Overall process shielding type growth method and growth station for crop
CN103141344A (en) Green environmental control device and method for plastic cold shed
CN102494390A (en) Intelligent air adjusting system, air supply device and intelligent air adjusting method
CN201911078U (en) Air conditioning equipment in edible fungus cultivation room
CN102626043B (en) New energy closed-loop type comprehensive energy-saving system applied to agricultural ecological greenhouses
CN101957046A (en) Base station/machine room intelligent air-conditioner power-saving control system
CN203745872U (en) Greenhouse automatic control system
JP5193235B2 (en) Fully controlled plant factory system
CN102235102A (en) Agricultural planting facility for internal nutrient source
CN105091224B (en) Large public building IAQ adjusting method and system
Montero et al. Greenhouse engineering: new technologies and approaches
CN201479679U (en) Multifunctional climate incubator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model