CN103583350B - Indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator - Google Patents

Indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103583350B
CN103583350B CN201310533702.1A CN201310533702A CN103583350B CN 103583350 B CN103583350 B CN 103583350B CN 201310533702 A CN201310533702 A CN 201310533702A CN 103583350 B CN103583350 B CN 103583350B
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China
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air conditioning
conditioning cabinet
culture
cultivation
sensor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310533702.1A
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CN103583350A (en
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鞠文燕
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HEILONGJIANG AIPU LIGHTING APPLIANCE CO Ltd
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HEILONGJIANG AIPU LIGHTING APPLIANCE CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator.Incubator comprises the composition such as cultivation platform and air conditioning cabinet, cultivation platform and air conditioning cabinet placed on it form a semi-enclosed space, cultivation platform is equipped with some culture tray, overcurrent pipeline is had between culture tray, culture tray opposite side has reflux line to be communicated with culture fluid feed system, air conditioning cabinet surrounding has pillar to be connected to above cultivation platform, air conditioning cabinet bottom face is equipped with LED lamp bead, blower fan, humidifier nozzle, air conditioning cabinet is built-in with fan coil and carbon-dioxide generator, and air conditioning cabinet has air inlet.It is low that this incubator has cost, pollution-free, and the feature of suitable for China, is specially adapted to the crop cultivations in advance such as breeding, raising seedling, favourablely promotes the use of.

Description

Indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation apparatus without soil in soilless culture field, be specifically related to a kind of indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator.
Background technology
In industrialized agriculture, soilless culture is changing traditional planting patterns, becomes the new branch of science of develop rapidly.Facts have proved, soilless culture have water saving, energy-conservation, saving of labor, province fertile, reduce environmental pollution, prevent continuous cropping obstacle, product is pollution-free and a series of feature such as high-yield and high-efficiency, at present, cultivation technique without soil development in the world has two kinds of trend: one is with high investment, high-tech, high benefit type, as developed countries such as Holland, Japan, the U.S., Britain, France, Israel and Denmark, soilless culture is produced and is achieved high mechanization.The allotment of its greenhouse, nutrient solution, production routine control, completely by computer regulating, to realize the factorial praluction of one continuous line, achieve product year-round supply, the output value high remarkable in economical benefits.Another kind of trend is based on developing country, is especially representative with China, according to national conditions and the economic technology condition of this country.Gather materials on the spot to do and get on the job with indigenous methods.Manual operations, adopts easy equipment.The object of these national development soilless cultures is Environmental change, using water wisely and land resources, the basic living solving the people needs, but break away from natural environment at needs, need the fields such as high-quality seed seedling-raising still to need factorial praluction, to ensure the supply of seed seedling-raising.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency of background technology, the invention provides a kind of indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, in conjunction with the reality of China's national situation, by small lot indoor production seed seedling-raising, having broken away from the dependence of nursery to the environment such as weather, soil, is better agricultural production service.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, comprise the composition such as cultivation platform and air conditioning cabinet, cultivation platform and air conditioning cabinet placed on it form a semi-enclosed space, cultivation platform is equipped with some culture tray, overcurrent pipeline is had between culture tray, culture tray opposite side has reflux line to be communicated with culture fluid feed system, air conditioning cabinet surrounding has pillar to be connected to above cultivation platform, air conditioning cabinet bottom face is equipped with LED lamp bead, blower fan, humidifier nozzle, air conditioning cabinet is built-in with fan coil and carbon-dioxide generator, air conditioning cabinet has air inlet.
The round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation in described indoor incubator, case is built-in with programmable controller PLC, cultivates each device in incubator be respectively connected with round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil.
Described culture fluid feed system is made up of culture fluid container and water circulating pump, and the outlet conduit of water circulating pump is communicated in the import of culture tray, and lower water temperature machine has circulating water pipe to be connected with the container of culture fluid feed system, and this container is built-in with liquid level sensor.
The container of described culture fluid feed system, the tubing pump outlet of nutrient solution injected system extend into this internal tank.
The container of described culture fluid feed system, the tubing pump outlet of pH value mixing system extend into this internal tank.
Pillar on described cultivation platform is provided with carbon dioxide sensor, humidity sensor, and light sensor.
Described culture tray, is provided with temperature sensor, pH value sensor and nutrient solution concentration sensor bottom one of them culture tray.
Described blower fan, fan outlet has power-operated shutter wind deflector, and described fan coil is placed in blower fan overcurrent place, and fan coil has circulating water pipe to be connected with temperature-adjusting device.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: this indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator regulates humidity, temperature, the air quantity of air by programmable controller PLC, by giving the illumination of the different illumination of crop and wavelength, and different temperatures, Different Nutrition composition, suitable pH value moisture to be to adapt to the need of production of various crop, break away from the dependence of breeding, raising seedling to climatic environment, there is cost simultaneously low, pollution-free, the feature of suitable for China, be specially adapted to the crop cultivations in advance such as breeding, raising seedling, favourablely promote the use of.
accompanying drawing illustrates:
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
1-cultivation platform in figure, 2-temperature sensor, 3-culture fluid feed system, 4-liquid level sensor, 5-lower water temperature machine, 6-nutrient solution injected system, 7-PH value mixing system, 8-PH value sensor, 9-nutrient solution concentration sensor, 10-reflux line, 11-culture tray, 12-overcurrent pipeline, 13-blower fan, 14-power-operated shutter wind deflector, 15-LED lamp pearl, 16-humidifier, 17-temperature-adjusting device, 18-air inlet, 19-carbon-dioxide generator, 20-fan coil, 21-air conditioning cabinet, 22-carbon dioxide sensor, 23-humidity sensor, 24-light sensor, 25-programmable controller PLC.
embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
As shown in Figure 1, indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, comprise the composition such as cultivation platform 1 and air conditioning cabinet 21, cultivation platform 1 is for support crop and provide applicable water and liquid nutritional, air conditioning cabinet 21 is for providing applicable gas nutrition and illumination to crop, cultivation platform 1 and air conditioning cabinet 21 placed on it form a semi-enclosed space, cultivation platform 1 is equipped with some culture tray 11, overcurrent pipeline 12 is had between culture tray 11, culture tray 11 opposite side has reflux line 10 to be communicated with culture fluid feed system 3, culture fluid flows and circulates with culture fluid feed system 3 between culture tray 11, air conditioning cabinet 21 surrounding has pillar to be connected to above cultivation platform 1, air conditioning cabinet 21 bottom face is equipped with LED lamp bead 15, blower fan 13, humidifier 16 nozzle, air conditioning cabinet 21 is built-in with fan coil 20 and carbon-dioxide generator 19, air conditioning cabinet 21 has air inlet 18, be respectively used to the humidity regulating air, temperature, the illumination of gas concentration lwevel and different wave length.
The round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation in described indoor incubator, case is built-in with programmable controller PLC 25, cultivate each device in incubator to be respectively connected with round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil, by programming Control parameters, make each device carry out work according to the parameter preset.
Described culture fluid feed system 3 is made up of culture fluid container and water circulating pump, the outlet conduit of water circulating pump is communicated in the import of culture tray 11, for crop provides the flowable nutrient solution of circulation, lower water temperature machine 5 has circulating water pipe to be connected with the container of culture fluid feed system 3 to regulate water temperature, and this container is built-in with liquid level sensor 4 to show remaining nutrient solution and to send sounding and lighting alarm when liquid level is low.
The container of described culture fluid feed system 3, the tubing pump outlet of nutrient solution injected system 6 extend into this internal tank, and nutrient solution injected system 6 is for providing the nutrient components such as the N P and K of heterogeneity to crop.
The container of described culture fluid feed system 3, the tubing pump outlet of pH value mixing system 7 extend into this internal tank, for regulating the pH value of water.
Pillar on described cultivation platform 1 is provided with carbon dioxide sensor 22, humidity sensor 23 and light sensor 24, be respectively used to evaluate gas concentration lwevel, humidity and the light levels around crop, and by programmable control module, These parameters adjusted.
Described culture tray 11, temperature sensor 2, pH value sensor 8 and nutrient solution concentration sensor 9 is provided with bottom one of them culture tray, the signals collecting of the index such as the water temperature, pH value and the remaining nutrient solution concentration that obtain time for detecting crop actual growth, and by programmable control module, These parameters is adjusted.
Described blower fan 13, blower fan 13 outlet has power-operated shutter wind deflector 14 to regulate wind direction, and described fan coil 20 is placed in blower fan 13 overcurrent place, and fan coil 20 has circulating water pipe to be connected with temperature-adjusting device 17, regulates the temperature of crop microclimate environment.
This indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator is by regulating humidity, temperature, the air quantity of air, by giving the illumination of the different illumination of crop and wavelength, and different temperatures, Different Nutrition composition, suitable pH value moisture to be to adapt to the need of production of various crop, break away from the dependence of breeding, raising seedling to climatic environment, there is cost simultaneously low, pollution-free, the feature of suitable for China, be specially adapted to the crop cultivations in advance such as breeding, raising seedling, favourablely promote the use of.

Claims (1)

1. the round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation in an indoor incubator, comprise cultivation platform (1) and air conditioning cabinet (21) composition, it is characterized in that: cultivation platform (1) and air conditioning cabinet placed on it (21) form a semi-enclosed space, cultivation platform (1) is equipped with some culture tray (11), overcurrent pipeline (12) is had between culture tray (11), culture tray (11) opposite side has reflux line (10) to be communicated with culture fluid feed system (3), air conditioning cabinet (21) surrounding has pillar to be connected to cultivation platform (1) top, air conditioning cabinet (21) bottom face is equipped with LED lamp bead (15), blower fan (13), humidifier (16) nozzle, air conditioning cabinet (21) is built-in with fan coil (20) and carbon-dioxide generator (19), air conditioning cabinet (21) has air inlet (18),
The round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation in described indoor incubator, case is built-in with programmable controller PLC (25), cultivates each device in incubator be respectively connected with round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil;
Described culture fluid feed system (3) is made up of culture fluid container and water circulating pump, the outlet conduit of water circulating pump is communicated in the import of culture tray (11), lower water temperature machine (5) has circulating water pipe to be connected with the container of culture fluid feed system (3), and this container is built-in with liquid level sensor (4);
The container of described culture fluid feed system (3), the tubing pump outlet of nutrient solution injected system (6) extend into this internal tank;
The container of described culture fluid feed system (3), the tubing pump outlet of pH value mixing system (7) extend into this internal tank;
Pillar on described cultivation platform (1) is provided with carbon dioxide sensor (22), humidity sensor (23) and light sensor (24);
Described culture tray (11), is provided with temperature sensor (2), pH value sensor (8) and nutrient solution concentration sensor (9) bottom one of them culture tray;
Described blower fan (13), blower fan (13) outlet has power-operated shutter wind deflector (14), described fan coil (20) is placed in blower fan (13) overcurrent place, and fan coil (20) has circulating water pipe to be connected with temperature-adjusting device (17).
CN201310533702.1A 2013-11-01 2013-11-01 Indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator Expired - Fee Related CN103583350B (en)

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CN103918540B (en) * 2014-04-01 2015-12-02 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Domestic intelligent plant growing box
CN104255336B (en) * 2014-09-04 2016-08-24 苏州久荣光照明电器有限公司 A kind of Based Intelligent Control phytotron
CN104885898A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-09 北京中农腾达科技有限公司 Plant planting box
CN105278565A (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-01-27 浙江海洋学院 Soilless culture nutrient solution automatic control device and control method
CN105104155B (en) * 2015-08-15 2017-05-31 哈尔滨工业大学 For the intelligent plant cultivation device of the self-supporting foster life-support systems in space station
CN105993897A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 湖南御景斋绿色智能科技有限公司 Intelligent micro-ecological landscape cylinder
CN107549002A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-09 陕西天行健生物工程股份有限公司 A kind of breeding sand bed of Chinese yew
CN108124753A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-06-08 佛山汇众森泰科技有限公司 A kind of novel soilless culturing device
CN110574673A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-17 曾超凡 Automatic water planting equipment of cuttage nursery stock

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