CN203027859U - Automated plant water planting system - Google Patents

Automated plant water planting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203027859U
CN203027859U CN2013200380707U CN201320038070U CN203027859U CN 203027859 U CN203027859 U CN 203027859U CN 2013200380707 U CN2013200380707 U CN 2013200380707U CN 201320038070 U CN201320038070 U CN 201320038070U CN 203027859 U CN203027859 U CN 203027859U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
nutrient solution
planting
case
culture
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2013200380707U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李正国
胡楠
杨迎伍
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Chongqing University
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Chongqing University
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Priority to CN2013200380707U priority Critical patent/CN203027859U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to an automated plant water planting system which comprises an oxygenation system, a liquid adding system and a planting system. The planting system comprises a water planting frame and a plurality of water planting boxes arranged on the water planting frame, the oxygenation system comprises an air compressor, the outlet of the air compressor is provided with an air conveying pipe communicated with the water planting boxes, and the liquid adding system comprises a nutrient solution conveying box provided with a nutrient solution conveying pipe communicated with the water planting boxes. According to the automated plant water planting system, oxygenation work time sections of different oxygenation pipes can be set through magnetic valves, using efficiency of equipment is improved, and by means of signal transmission of a water level probe, nutrient solution can be automatically input into the nutrient solution conveying box from a nutrient solution storage box. Plant stems are inserted into a beating-down-prevention hollow column inside a planting basket, the phenomenon that plants beat down after grown because of moving-up of gravity is avoided, unmanned management of the system is achieved, and labor management cost is reduced.

Description

Automation water culture system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of plant cultivation device, is specifically related to a kind of automation water culture system.
Background technology
Plant cultivation generally is divided into conventional cultivation and soilless culture.Soilless culture refers to without natural soil, and with matrix or only use matrix when growing seedlings, after field planting without matrix, with the cultivation method of nutrition liquid irrigation crop.The plant cultivation mode that is used for the laboratory at present mainly is the cultivation of nutrition soil.The shortcoming of nutrition soil cultivated plant material is a lot: 1) different batches nutrition soil composition, and pH values etc. are different, these indexs may cause certain influence to plant phenotype; 2) may carry plant pathogen, parasite, and Causative virus in the nutrition soil; 3) it is bigger to use nutrition soil to expend, and the price height of nutrition soil own also needs to be equipped with the higher vermiculite of price, perlite etc.; 4) nutrition soil cultivated plant needs constantly to detect soil moisture content, needs during moisture deficit in time to replenish; 5) study root system of plant if desired, the cultivation of nutrition soil is very inconvenient, is difficult to observe the growth conditions of root system of plant, also is difficult to obtain complete root system of plant; 6) cultivation of nutrition soil is not suitable for plant is carried out some processing, and reason is nutrition soil complicated component, and moisture runs off in nutrition soil soon, causes treatment fluid not reach ideal concentration.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of automation water culture system, to the plant of the cultivating liquid that supplements the nutrients automatically, and nutrient solution is carried out the oxygenation operation, has realized the unmanned management of system, has reduced the labor management cost.
The utility model discloses a kind of automation water culture system, comprise aeration system, fluid infusion system and culture systems, described culture systems comprises the water planting frame and is arranged on a plurality of water planting boxes on the water planting frame; Described aeration system comprises air compressor, and described air compressor outlet has been arranged in parallel appendix, and every appendix is provided with magnetic valve, and described water planting box is provided with oxygen increasing tube and communicates with appendix; Described fluid infusion system comprises nutrient solution conveying case, described nutrient solution carries the case outlet to be arranged in parallel nutritious liquid carrier pipe, described water planting box is provided with nutrient solution supply pipe and communicates with nutrition pipeline, described water planting box top is provided with a plurality of field planting holes, water planting box inside is provided with oxygenation aeration stone and fluid level control valve, described oxygenation aeration stone is communicated with oxygen increasing tube, and described fluid level control valve communicates with nutrient solution supply pipe.
Further, described air compressor outlet is provided with pressure regulator valve.
Further, described nutrient solution carries the case outlet to be provided with switch valve.
Further, described fluid level control valve is ball-cock assembly.
Further, be provided with fixing device in the described field planting hole, described fixing device comprises planting cup and is embedded in field planting basket in the planting cup, and described field planting basket bottom centre is provided with the lodging-prevention open tubular column that runs through the bottom, and described planting cup cup body middle part is evenly equipped with plural nutrient solution exchange hole.
Further, described lodging-prevention open tubular column is big, following young funnel-form suitable for reading.
Further, described fluid infusion system also comprises the nutrient solution storage bin, water pump, water level controller, water-level probe A, water-level probe B, water-level probe C, water-level probe D and water-level probe E, described pump entrance communicates with nutrient solution storage bin bottom, exit of pump carries case to communicate with nutrient solution, described water pump is electrically connected with water level controller, described water-level probe A is positioned at nutrient solution and carries tank wall to be electrically connected near place, case top and with water level controller, described water-level probe B is positioned at nutrient solution and carries tank wall to be electrically connected near the case bottom and with water level controller, described water-level probe C is positioned at bottom nutrient solution storage bin and the nutrient solution conveying case and with water level controller and is electrically connected, described water-level probe D is positioned at nutrient solution storage tank wall and is electrically connected near the case bottom and with water level controller, and described water-level probe E is positioned at nutrient solution storage tank wall and is electrically connected near place, case top and with water level controller.
Further, also comprise the nutrient solution decontamination system, described nutrient solution decontamination system comprises switch timer, ozone generator and sterilization aeration stone, described sterilization aeration stone is positioned at the nutrient solution storage bin and nutrient solution is carried the case bottom, described ozone generator is provided with the ozone carrier pipe and is communicated with the sterilization aeration stone, and described switch timer is electrically connected with ozone generator.
Further, described nutrient solution storage bin is shading nutrient solution storage bin.
Further, described water planting box is shading water planting box, and described nutrient solution carries case to carry case for the shading nutrient solution, and described nutrition pipeline is the shading nutrition pipeline, and described nutrient solution supply pipe is shading nutrient solution supply pipe.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model automation water culture system has the following advantages:
1) the oxygenation activity duration section of different oxygen increasing tubes is set by magnetic valve, has improved usage ratio of equipment, reduced cost, reduced energy resource consumption, the aeration stone in the water planting box has improved oxygenation efficient greatly simultaneously.
2) nutrient solution in the nutrient solution storage bin is by the signal transmission of water-level probe, can realize that nutrient solution is automatically from nutrient solution storage bin input nutrient solution conveying case, the uniformity that has kept nutrient composition, the ball-cock assembly in the water planting box has been realized the automatic supply of nutrient solution simultaneously.
3) base of the plant is inserted in the field planting basket in the lodging-prevention open tubular column, prevent after the plant maturation because the increase of acrial part weight causes moving on the center of gravity phenomenon that makes the plant lodging, the independent fixing device that arranges is grown in the planting cup plant root simultaneously, and do not twine with the root systems of other plant, make things convenient for the researcher to the observation of different plants root system, draw materials and study.
4) nutrient solution storage bin, water planting box, nutrient solution carry case, nutrition pipeline and nutrient solution supply pipe all to adopt light tight design, can effectively prevent algal grown, have suppressed the nutrient solution eutrophication.
5) the nutrient solution decontamination system can suppress effectively that harmful microbe grows in the nutrient solution, the healthy growth of protection plant.
Description of drawings
For the purpose, technical scheme and the advantage that make utility model is clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is water planting box structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the intention of fixing device structure of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail.
As shown in the figure, a kind of automation water culture of the utility model system comprises aeration system, fluid infusion system and culture systems, and described culture systems comprises water planting frame 1 and a plurality of water planting boxes 2 that are arranged on the water planting frame 1; Described aeration system comprises air compressor 3, can select suitable air compressor according to cultivating scale, what select in the present embodiment is oil-free air compressor, described air compressor 3 outlets have been arranged in parallel appendix 4, every appendix 4 is provided with magnetic valve 9, can regulate the folding situation of magnetic valve 9 according to on-site actual situations, only allow a magnetic valve 9 to be in open mode water planting box 2 is carried out interval oxygenation in the section at one time in the present embodiment, rationally arrange the oxygenation time, improve oxygenation efficient.Described water planting box 2 is provided with oxygen increasing tube 5 and communicates with appendix 4, and growing for plant root to have enough oxygen to supply with, and the dissolved oxygen content in the nutrient solution is more high, and the growth of crop root is more good.Described fluid infusion system comprises nutrient solution conveying case 6, and described nutrient solution carries case 6 outlets to be arranged in parallel nutritious liquid carrier pipe 7, and described water planting box 2 is provided with nutrient solution supply pipe 8 and communicates with nutrition pipeline 7, for plant strain growth provides enough nutriments.Described water planting box 2 end faces are provided with a plurality of field planting holes 10, water planting box 2 inside are provided with oxygenation aeration stone 30 and fluid level control valve 31, described oxygenation aeration stone 30 is communicated with oxygen increasing tube 5, gas is by oxygen increasing tube 5 process oxygenation aeration stones 30, by its pore chopping of gathering, and in surface and process that water contact, produce a large amount of microbubbles, and the increase of gas transfer efficient, thus reach the purpose of the solvability of increase oxygen; Described fluid level control valve 31 communicates with nutrient solution supply pipe 8, nutrient solution carries the nutrient solution in the case 6 to rely on gravity, down carry from water planting frame 1 top layer, control the liquid level of nutrient solution in the water planting box 2 by fluid level control valve 31, realize the automation of fluid infusion, reduced manual work intensity, improved plantation efficient, do not consume any energy, reduced fund input.
In the present embodiment, described air compressor 3 outlets are provided with pressure regulator valve 28, can regulate different air pressure sizes at the water planting box 2 of varying number and carry out oxygenation.
In the present embodiment, described nutrient solution carries case 6 outlets to be provided with switch valve 30, when 2 kinds in water planting box is planted different plants, needs different nutrient solutions to replenish, and can close switch valve 30, convenient water planting box 2 is changed different fluid infusion systems.
In the present embodiment, described fluid level control valve 31 is ball-cock assembly, ball-cock assembly was opened automatically to carrying out replenishing of nutrient solution in the water planting box 2 when liquid level was lower than setting value, automatically stop to replenish of nutrient solution when liquid level is higher than when setting value ball-cock assembly, prevent from that nutrient solution from replenishing too much to overflow water planting box 2 and cause waste.
In the present embodiment, be provided with fixing device 11 in the described field planting hole 10, described fixing device 11 comprises planting cup 12 and the field planting basket 13 that is embedded in the planting cup 12, described field planting basket 13 bottom centre are provided with the lodging-prevention open tubular column 14 that runs through the bottom, during cultivation, base of the plant is inserted in the field planting basket 13 in the lodging-prevention open tubular column 14, place the auxiliary field planting of stone in the field planting basket 13, after plant cuts one's eye-teeth, the increase of acrial part weight causes moving on the center of gravity phenomenon that the plant lodging can occur, lodging-prevention open tubular column 14 can provide a support force for around the base of the plant, and base of the plant is fixed, and prevents the plant lodging; 12 glasss of body middle parts of described planting cup are evenly equipped with plural nutrient solution exchange hole 15, make the fresh nutrient solution in the water planting box 2 enter into planting cup 12, for plant provides enough nutrients; Simultaneously the plant roots in each fixing device 11 are grown in the planting cup, and do not twine with the root systems of other plant, make things convenient for the researcher to the observation of different plants root system, draw materials and study.
In the present embodiment, described lodging-prevention open tubular column 14 is big, following young funnel-form suitable for reading, more can adapt to the base of the plant size.
In the present embodiment, described fluid infusion system also comprises nutrient solution storage bin 16, water pump 17, water level controller 18, water-level probe A19, water-level probe B20, water-level probe C21, water-level probe D22 and water-level probe E23, described water pump 17 entrances communicate with nutrient solution storage bin 16 bottoms, water pump 17 outlets carry case 6 to communicate with nutrient solution, described water pump 17 is electrically connected with water level controller 18, described water-level probe A19 is positioned at nutrient solution and carries case 6 walls to be electrically connected near place, case top and with water level controller 18, described water-level probe B20 is positioned at nutrient solution and carries case 6 walls to be electrically connected near the case bottom and with water level controller 18, described water-level probe C21 is positioned at nutrient solution storage bin 16 and nutrient solution and carries case 6 bottoms and be electrically connected with water level controller 18, described water-level probe D22 is positioned at nutrient solution storage bin 16 walls and is electrically connected near the case bottom and with water level controller 18, and described water-level probe E23 is positioned at nutrient solution storage bin 16 walls and is electrically connected near place, case top and with water level controller 18.
When nutrient solution liquid level in the nutrient solution storage bin 16 was flooded water-level probe D22 and water-level probe E23 simultaneously, water level controller 18 was started working, the operation of control water pump 17; When the nutrient solution liquid level in nutrient solution is carried case 6 is lower than water-level probe B20, water level controller 18 starts water pump 17 and adds in the nutrient solution conveying case 6 from the nutrient solution storage bin 16 interior nutrient solutions that extract, when the nutrient solution liquid level in nutrient solution is carried case 6 was higher than water-level probe A19, water level controller 18 switched off the pump and 17 stops to carry case 6 interior liquid make-up to nutrient solution; When the nutrient solution liquid level was lower than water-level probe D22 in the nutrient solution storage bin 16, water level controller 18 quit work, and water-level probe C21 is the signal circuit of water level controller 18.
In the present embodiment, also comprise the nutrient solution decontamination system, described nutrient solution decontamination system comprises switch timer 24, ozone generator 25 and sterilization aeration stone 26, described sterilization aeration stone 26 is positioned at nutrient solution storage bin 16 and nutrient solution is carried case 6 bottoms, described ozone generator 25 is provided with ozone carrier pipe 27 and is communicated with sterilization aeration stone 26, and described switch timer 24 is electrically connected with ozone generator 25.Switch timer 24 is set the opening and closing of certain hour amounts control ozone generators 25, thereby nutrient solution storage bin 16 and nutrient solution are carried the sterilization that carries out disinfection of nutrient solutions in the case 6, prevents plant generation pathology.
In the present embodiment, described nutrient solution storage bin 16 is shading nutrient solution storage bin.
In the present embodiment, described water planting box 2 is shading water planting box, and described nutrient solution carries case 6 to carry case for the shading nutrient solution, and described nutrition pipeline 7 is the shading nutrition pipeline, and described nutrient solution supply pipe 8 is shading nutrient solution supply pipe.
Nutrient solution storage bin 16, water planting box 2, nutrient solution carry case 6, nutrition pipeline 7 and nutrient solution supply pipe 8 all to adopt the shading design, can effectively prevent the growth of algae in the nutrient solution.
Explanation is at last, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to the technical solution of the utility model to be described, although by the utility model being described with reference to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can make various changes to it in the form and details, and not depart from the spirit and scope of the present utility model that appended claims limits.

Claims (10)

1. automation water culture system is characterized in that: comprise aeration system, fluid infusion system and culture systems, described culture systems comprises the water planting frame and is arranged on a plurality of water planting boxes on the water planting frame; Described aeration system comprises air compressor, and described air compressor outlet has been arranged in parallel appendix, and every appendix is provided with magnetic valve, and described water planting box is provided with oxygen increasing tube and communicates with appendix; Described fluid infusion system comprises nutrient solution conveying case, described nutrient solution carries the case outlet to be arranged in parallel nutritious liquid carrier pipe, described water planting box is provided with nutrient solution supply pipe and communicates with nutrition pipeline, described water planting box top is provided with a plurality of field planting holes, water planting box inside is provided with oxygenation aeration stone and fluid level control valve, described oxygenation aeration stone is communicated with oxygen increasing tube, and described fluid level control valve communicates with nutrient solution supply pipe.
2. automation water culture according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described air compressor outlet is provided with pressure regulator valve.
3. automation water culture according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution carries the case outlet to be provided with switch valve.
4. automation water culture according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described fluid level control valve is ball-cock assembly.
5. automation water culture according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: be provided with fixing device in the described field planting hole, described fixing device comprises planting cup and the field planting basket that is embedded in the planting cup, described field planting basket bottom centre is provided with the lodging-prevention open tubular column that runs through the bottom, and described planting cup cup body middle part is evenly equipped with plural nutrient solution exchange hole.
6. automation water culture according to claim 5 system is characterized in that: described lodging-prevention open tubular column is big, young funnel-form down suitable for reading.
7. automation water culture according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described fluid infusion system also comprises the nutrient solution storage bin, water pump, water level controller, water-level probe A, water-level probe B, water-level probe C, water-level probe D and water-level probe E, described pump entrance communicates with nutrient solution storage bin bottom, exit of pump carries case to communicate with nutrient solution, described water pump is electrically connected with water level controller, described water-level probe A is positioned at nutrient solution and carries tank wall to be electrically connected near place, case top and with water level controller, described water-level probe B is positioned at nutrient solution and carries tank wall to be electrically connected near the case bottom and with water level controller, described water-level probe C is positioned at bottom nutrient solution storage bin and the nutrient solution conveying case and with water level controller and is electrically connected, described water-level probe D is positioned at nutrient solution storage tank wall and is electrically connected near the case bottom and with water level controller, and described water-level probe E is positioned at nutrient solution storage tank wall and is electrically connected near place, case top and with water level controller.
8. automation water culture according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: also comprise the nutrient solution decontamination system, described nutrient solution decontamination system comprises switch timer, ozone generator and sterilization aeration stone, described sterilization aeration stone is positioned at the nutrient solution storage bin and nutrient solution is carried the case bottom, described ozone generator is provided with the ozone carrier pipe and is communicated with the sterilization aeration stone, and described switch timer is electrically connected with ozone generator.
9. according to claim 7 or 8 described automation water culture systems, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution storage bin is shading nutrient solution storage bin.
10. according to any described automation water culture system of claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that: described water planting box is shading water planting box, described nutrient solution carries case to carry case for the shading nutrient solution, described nutrition pipeline is the shading nutrition pipeline, and described nutrient solution supply pipe is shading nutrient solution supply pipe.
CN2013200380707U 2013-01-24 2013-01-24 Automated plant water planting system Expired - Fee Related CN203027859U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039348A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-17 重庆大学 Automatic plant hydroponic system
CN108476808A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-04 浦江县晶富农业科技有限公司 Intelligent plants planter
CN108522061A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-14 浦江县酉泽水产科技有限公司 Breeding equipment equipped with oxygen feed system
CN108597360A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-28 金华市博益飞科技有限公司 Scale plant seedling cultivates equipment
CN108702987A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-10-26 金华市泉宇科技有限公司 Multifunction flower-tree planting equipment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039348A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-17 重庆大学 Automatic plant hydroponic system
CN108476808A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-04 浦江县晶富农业科技有限公司 Intelligent plants planter
CN108522061A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-14 浦江县酉泽水产科技有限公司 Breeding equipment equipped with oxygen feed system
CN108597360A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-28 金华市博益飞科技有限公司 Scale plant seedling cultivates equipment
CN108702987A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-10-26 金华市泉宇科技有限公司 Multifunction flower-tree planting equipment

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Granted publication date: 20130703

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