CN201091137Y - Novel soilless culture device - Google Patents

Novel soilless culture device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201091137Y
CN201091137Y CNU2007200293883U CN200720029388U CN201091137Y CN 201091137 Y CN201091137 Y CN 201091137Y CN U2007200293883 U CNU2007200293883 U CN U2007200293883U CN 200720029388 U CN200720029388 U CN 200720029388U CN 201091137 Y CN201091137 Y CN 201091137Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
basin
pot
cultivation
nutrient solution
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2007200293883U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘仕英
Original Assignee
刘仕英
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘仕英 filed Critical 刘仕英
Priority to CNU2007200293883U priority Critical patent/CN201091137Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201091137Y publication Critical patent/CN201091137Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel cultivation device without soil, which comprises a multilayered cultivation shelf, a cultivation pot and a nutrient fluid circulating system that comprises a fluid storage jar, a fluid transmission pipe, a fluid outlet pipe, a valve and a residue fluid slot, the cultivation pot comprises an inner pot and an outer pot, the inner pot is sheathed inside the outer pot, the inner pot is higher than the outer pot, and exchanging orifices are arranged on the wall of the inner pot. As the nutrient fluid circulating system is arranged and the cultivation pot is filled with ground mass, the novel cultivation device without soil better solves the nutritive unbalance and the root rot problem that is caused by defective aeration in the cultivation without soil.

Description

A kind of novel cultivation apparatus without soil
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the agriculture forestry planting technical field, relates in particular to a kind of cultivation apparatus without soil.
Background technology
Soilless culture is meant without the natural soil raise crop, and with crop genetics in nutrient solution, this nutrient solution can replace natural soil to provide moisture, nutrient, oxygen, temperature to crop, makes the crop can normal growth and finish its whole life.Present soilless culture facility mainly contains two kinds: a kind of is the factory culture device, the up-to-dateness height, and the cultivating facility advanced person is suitable for large-scale mass production, and shortcoming is that investment is big, requires the technical merit height.A kind of is the soilless culture basin that is suitable for indoor, balcony, garden cultivation usefulness, promptly in basin, place and be used for fixing the matrix that plant is used, as gravel, vermiculite, perlite etc., be full of nutrient solution between matrix, crop root is drawn nutrient solution between matrix, though this mode is simple in structure, put conveniently, require technology low, but because nutrient solution can not circulate, can not be according to needs and the extra-nutrition thereof of crop, influence growing of crop, simultaneously often lack air, cause the mashed root of crop at root.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly the problem that exists in the existing soilless culture, a kind of novel cultivation apparatus without soil is provided, it both overcome the investment that the batch production soilless culture exists big, require technical merit high problem, having solved nutrient solution that the soilless culture basin exists again can not circulation, nutritional imbalance and because of the poor aeration problem of mashed root easily, has an advantage simple in structure, convenient management.
The purpose of this utility model is to realize like this, this novel cultivation apparatus without soil comprises the cultivating stand of a multilayer, cultivation tray, the nutrient solution circulatory system, but the different of described multilayer cultivating stand interfloor distance root a tree name cultivated plant are regulated arbitrarily, described cultivation tray comprises interior basin, outer basin, basin is placed in the outer basin in described, interior basin is higher than outer basin, interior basin is placed matrix, put nutrient solution in the outer basin, nutrient solution can be by the exchange hole on the basin outer wall in being arranged on interior, flow in the outer basin, the height of the matrix in the nutrient solution liquid level in the described outer basin will be lower than in the basin is so that the ventilation of matrix top is good; The described nutrient solution circulatory system comprises fluid reservoir, woven hose, effuser, valve, raffinate groove, described fluid reservoir is positioned at the top of cultivating stand, link by woven hose and each cultivation tray, described raffinate groove is positioned at the bottom of cultivating stand, link by effuser and raffinate groove, described valve is positioned on woven hose and the effuser.
Put into the fluid reservoir on cultivating stand top when nutrient solution, open valve, nutrient solution is imported in each outer basin of planting portion's basin, valve closing on the effuser at this moment, matrix in nutrient solution enters in the basin, when reaching the height that needs, can close the valve on the woven hose, the nutrient solution in this moment in the basin is supplied with plant growing.When the nutrient solution in the needs renewal cultivation, open the valve on the effuser, the nutrition raffinate in the cultivation tray is put into the raffinate groove, the newer nutrient solution of input from fluid reservoir.Also can in the nutrient solution circulatory system, automaton be set, remain the circulation of nutrient solution in cultivation tray, so more help growth and development of plant.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: owing to be provided with the nutrient solution circulatory system and matrix be housed in cultivation tray, and the mashed root problem that preferably resolves nutritional imbalance in the soilless culture and cause because of poor aeration.
Description of drawings
Describe embodiment of the present utility model in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model
Among the figure: 1, cultivating stand 2, cultivation tray 3, interior basin 4, outer basin 5, exchange hole 6, fluid reservoir 7, woven hose 8, effuser 9, valve 10, raffinate groove
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, this novel cultivation apparatus without soil comprises cultivating stand 1, cultivation tray 2, the nutrient solution circulatory system of a multilayer, but the different of multilayer cultivating stand 1 interfloor distance root a tree name cultivated plant are regulated arbitrarily, cultivation tray 2 comprises interior basin 3, outer basin 4, interior basin 3 is placed in the outer basin 4, interior basin 3 is higher than outer basin 4, interior basin 3 is placed matrix, put nutrient solution in the outer basin 4, nutrient solution can flow in inside and outside basin by the exchange hole 5 on the basin outer wall in being arranged on, the height of the matrix in the nutrient solution liquid level in the outer basin 4 will be lower than in the basin 3 is so that the ventilation of matrix top is good; The nutrient solution circulatory system comprises fluid reservoir 6, woven hose 7, effuser 8, valve 9, raffinate groove 10, fluid reservoir 6 is positioned at the top of cultivating stand 1, link by woven hose 7 and each cultivation tray 2, raffinate groove 10 is positioned at the bottom of cultivating stand 1, link by effuser 8 and cultivation tray 2, valve 9 is positioned on woven hose 7 and the effuser 9.
Put into the fluid reservoir 6 on cultivating stand 1 top when nutrient solution, open valve, nutrient solution is imported in the outer basin 4 of each cultivation tray 2, valve closing on the effuser 8 at this moment, matrix in nutrient solution enters in the basin 3, when reaching the height that needs, can close the valve on the woven hose 7, the nutrient solution in this moment in the basin is supplied with plant growing.When the nutrient solution in the needs renewal cultivation, open the valve on the effuser 8, the nutrition raffinate in the cultivation tray 2 is put into raffinate groove 10, the newer nutrient solution of input from fluid reservoir 6.Also can in the nutrient solution circulatory system, automaton be set, remain the circulation of nutrient solution in cultivation tray 2, so more help growth and development of plant.

Claims (1)

1. novel cultivation apparatus without soil, this device comprises the cultivating stand of a multilayer, cultivation tray, the nutrient solution circulatory system, the described nutrient solution circulatory system comprises fluid reservoir, woven hose, effuser, valve, the raffinate groove, described fluid reservoir is positioned at the top of cultivating stand, link by woven hose and each cultivation tray, described raffinate groove is positioned at the bottom of cultivating stand, link by effuser and raffinate groove, described valve is positioned on woven hose and the effuser, it is characterized in that described cultivation tray comprises interior basin, outer basin, basin is placed in the outer basin in described, and interior basin is higher than outer basin, and described inner basin wall is provided with exchange hole.
CNU2007200293883U 2007-10-18 2007-10-18 Novel soilless culture device Expired - Fee Related CN201091137Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200293883U CN201091137Y (en) 2007-10-18 2007-10-18 Novel soilless culture device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200293883U CN201091137Y (en) 2007-10-18 2007-10-18 Novel soilless culture device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201091137Y true CN201091137Y (en) 2008-07-30

Family

ID=39899097

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2007200293883U Expired - Fee Related CN201091137Y (en) 2007-10-18 2007-10-18 Novel soilless culture device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201091137Y (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101971761A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-02-16 杭州市农业科学研究院 Strawberry cultivating device and method
CN102138504A (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-08-03 北京市农业技术推广站 Vertical matrix culture device
CN104145803A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-19 济南水梦缘水培花卉有限公司 Stereo hydroponic domestication bed
CN106212110A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 广东华农农业股份有限公司 A kind of laminates column cultivating stand
CN107211878A (en) * 2017-07-15 2017-09-29 合肥扬扬农业科技有限公司 A kind of tandem family cultivation apparatus without soil
CN108934632A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-12-07 蒙城县京徽蒙农业科技发展有限公司 Sprinkler irrigation technique promotes training device in a kind of agricultural soilless cultivation planting shed

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101971761A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-02-16 杭州市农业科学研究院 Strawberry cultivating device and method
CN102138504A (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-08-03 北京市农业技术推广站 Vertical matrix culture device
CN104145803A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-19 济南水梦缘水培花卉有限公司 Stereo hydroponic domestication bed
CN106212110A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 广东华农农业股份有限公司 A kind of laminates column cultivating stand
CN107211878A (en) * 2017-07-15 2017-09-29 合肥扬扬农业科技有限公司 A kind of tandem family cultivation apparatus without soil
CN108934632A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-12-07 蒙城县京徽蒙农业科技发展有限公司 Sprinkler irrigation technique promotes training device in a kind of agricultural soilless cultivation planting shed

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GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee