CN101213929A - Pipeline structure planting device - Google Patents

Pipeline structure planting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101213929A
CN101213929A CNA2008100193494A CN200810019349A CN101213929A CN 101213929 A CN101213929 A CN 101213929A CN A2008100193494 A CNA2008100193494 A CN A2008100193494A CN 200810019349 A CN200810019349 A CN 200810019349A CN 101213929 A CN101213929 A CN 101213929A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipeline
water
planting
infiltration
ventilative
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Pending
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CNA2008100193494A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王武林
高子立
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高子立
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Priority to CNA2008100193494A priority Critical patent/CN101213929A/en
Publication of CN101213929A publication Critical patent/CN101213929A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention discloses a pipeline-structure planting device, which comprises a planting pipeline, planting holes, a water-penetration breathing isolation board, a water-storage layer and a ventilation layer, wherein, the water-penetration breathing isolation board divides the planting pipeline into an upper soil space and a lower water-storage space, the ventilation layer is arranged below the water-penetration isolation board and above the water-storage layer; the water-penetration breathing isolation board is provided with a plurality of water-penetration ventilation holes; a drop-irrigation pipeline can be also arranged inside the planting pipeline and the drop-irrigation pipeline is provided with drop-irrigation holes. Water-conducting fiber is arranged inside the internal cavity of the planting device and is arranged inside a water-storage tank through the water-penetration ventilation holes. The present invention adopts the conventional soil, the conventional irrigation method and the planting method of the conventional management mode, thereby having strong practicability; in addition, the device of the present invention can use the pipeline to be designed into different pipeline carrier as required and to form the dimensional plantation, thereby greatly beautifying the environment.

Description

Pipeline structure planting device
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of flowers, growing vegetables device, more particularly, the present invention relates to a kind of planting unit of pipeline configuration.
Background technology
Channelization is cultivated external title Hydroponics System, it is exactly the meaning of hydroponic system, domesticly also cry family mini hydroponic system, because of the structure of its system is so that material also is the channelization culture technique mostly with the pipeline, from planting type, the mode of water planting is adopted in the channelization cultivation mostly, carrier from cultivation, be carrier mostly with the pipeline, from the control angle, adopt the pattern of the convenient management of control automatically mostly, and this system's infiltration and development is as ultrasonic air air culture or the training of spurting aerosol etc. now, these are technical development of original channelization and lifting.The channelization culture technique is the product that modern industrial technology develops into certain phase thus, and just it relies on material technology. control technology and nutrient solution technology, these all are that means with industry realize the novel cultivation on the agricultural.
Begin from 1820s, since the Li Bixi theory of mineral nutrition by the chemist of Germany, agricultural science has turned to from traditional soil fertilizer science and has been chemical mineral theory, for present chemical agricultural is laid a good foundation, fertilizer in the traditional farming idea is a kind of indirect mineral fertilizer in fact, the absorption of plant finally is fertilizer to be decomposed into mineral element could absorb under the edaphon effect, so modern plant battalion is learned and the water culture technology of development at present all is that people directly provide growth required various mineral elements (chemical reagent) for plant, thereby just leave soil theoretical foundation is provided for the growth of plant, after the chemurgy scholar of this greatness of Li Bixi has proposed theory of mineral nutrition, just begin to promote the research of people from all parts of the world, formed modern water culture technology system gradually soilless culture.Along with after Li Bixi proposed theory of mineral nutrition, in the world again such as the plant nutrition scholar of Ge Like, he goes out the tomato that individual plant is tied more than 1000 fruit with nutrient fluid cultivation, the development of these technology has promoted the development of water culture technology greatly, so the country in prosperity is taking the lead in the military base such as isolated island during the Second World War. the desert. adopt on the Gobi desert, for army provides life required gourd, fruit and vegetable, this technology implementation cost is high, be kind of a comparatively luxurious planting type, also fail to be accepted by general public.
And in the process of water culture technology development, be accompanied by other as substrate culture, the synchronized development of aerosol training technology, the training of base mesostroma is exactly with inorganic matrix such as husky perlite. vermiculite. and rock wools etc. have replaced soil, carry out the irrigable culture of nutrient solution, and water planting is exactly to think that water is that matrix is the cultivation mode of feature with the circulation, air culture be exactly with the atomizing air be matrix, allow root system be suspended from the air, realize the real-time feed of nutrition and oxygen.China originates in the beginning of the eighties at the end of the seventies for the cultivation research of nutrient solution, some scientific research institutions of universities and colleges took the lead in carrying out the research of soilless culture at that time, the research in this stage is the basis of the principle established in theory of the current cultivation technique without soil of China, and what really begin to use on producing is nineties in the industrialized agriculture fast development, this stage mainly lays particular emphasis on the productive research of application, so develop the various soilless culture improved system that are suitable for China's actual conditions, and in the architectural study to whole nutrient fluid cultivation, China mainly lays particular emphasis on substrate culture, and it is relative less with application to the pure water training with the research of air culture, and mostly based on the vegetable or flower class, other plant research is also few, the application study of mist training just still less, why this situation can appear, why in application, be restricted, this falls behind with industry, the material price costliness, the level of agricultural productive forces is lowly relevant, because most soilless culture is based on facility, based on material, being controlled to be core automatically, and these correlation techniques often be China academy of agricultural sciences the weak tendency scientific research project, so restricted the development of water planting and aerosol training always.
In a word, current channelization cultivation is exactly to utilize the carrier of pipeline for plant cultivation, utilizes the microcontroller calculator to realize the Intelligentized regulating and controlling of envirment factors such as nutrient solution and warm phosgene heat, allows plant normally grow apace on pipeline.Plant channelization cultivation system is made up of the two large divisions: the one, and cultivation part, the 2nd, intelligent control part.Wherein cultivate part by the cultivation pipeline, bracing frame, fluid storage tank (bucket), the refrigeration heater of nutrient solution, the feed flow kinetic pump, feed pipe, return duct, plant growth lamp, outdoor planting also is furnished with little spray cooling.Control section is made up of microcontroller and sensor, and the experts system that microcontroller is made up of intensive chip, sensor are the intelligent blades that is formed by various sensor combination.Its outward appearance is as an electronics blade, top blade-section is the air humidity sensor that simulating plant blade and air hole structure are made, stem partly is an air temperature sensor, the part of inserting pipeline is a level sensor, liquid temperature sensing, and the EC sensor of nutrient solution, some system also is with dissolved oxygen sensor.
Mature in the market cultivation by conduit method, mainly form, have characteristics such as automatic control operation liquid culture plant, be tank farming by managing in outer tube, interior pipe, electric pump, liquid storage tank, storage drainage bottle and the storage drainage bottle, shortcomings such as this pipeline planting cost height are difficult for promoting.
Content of the present invention
In order to summarize purpose of the present invention, some aspect of the present invention, advantage and novel feature have been described here.Should be appreciated that, need not all these aspects, advantage and feature and be included among arbitrary special embodiment.
At problems of the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of pipeline structure planting device, its technical scheme is: a kind of pipeline structure planting device, it comprises plantation pipeline, implantation hole, infiltration ventilative dividing plate, reservoir bed and ventilative aspect.Wherein, the ventilative dividing plate of described infiltration is separated into top soil space and bottom water space to the plantation pipeline, and described ventilative aspect is positioned at the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration below, reservoir bed top; Spread all over several infiltration air-vents on the ventilative dividing plate of described infiltration.Also be provided with water-release fibre in the described plantation pipeline, even be placed in the water space of bottom by the infiltration air-vent.As a further improvement on the present invention, in the described plantation pipeline droping irrigating pipe can also be installed, droping irrigating pipe is provided with the drip irrigation hole.
Another remodeling of the present invention, a kind of culturing device, it comprises planting container, described planting container inner chamber is provided with the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration, the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration is separated into top soil space and bottom water space to planting container, described planting container sidewall is provided with ventilative aspect, and described ventilative aspect is positioned at the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration below, water space top, spreads all over several infiltration air-vents on the ventilative dividing plate of described infiltration.Described planting container inner chamber is provided with water-release fibre, connects by the infiltration air-vent to be placed in the aqua storage tank.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
It is the planting method with conventional soil, conventional irrigation method, Routine Management pattern; Plant practically, can be used for flowers, growing vegetables under multiple geographical conditions and the environment.To plant pipeline and be made into a fixed structure, can form solid growth, the space availability ratio maximization, the utilization that every place that has living space all can be maximized, realize three-dimensional, art up cultivation, carry out coinage, utilize pipe design to go out channelization carrier in different poses and with different expressions as utilizing pipeline.Have living space in addition and also can utilize under the environment that does not have illumination or low light level photograph artificial light filling to carry out indoor greening and basement cultivation.As long as science is by row on the kind, but any place that has living space plant species has all been broken the multiple condition system limit of soil cultivation, soilless culture fully.
In addition, the pipeline configuration plantation is a kind of cultivation mode of foolization, simplification, draws materials easily, and management is simple, is not subjected to the restriction of living environment condition, has ornaments flexibly, and management is simple, and family is all-ages.The pipeline configuration plantation is the best teaching material of adolescent student study plantation plant, observation of plant and nature and puts into practice instrument.The pipeline configuration plantation is to press close to very much with people's life, raises one's hand and can touch, and cleaningization is pollution-free.The child of family can plant different plant observation its growth characteristics and process of growth on the pipeline; The old man also can be taken this kind of a Hua Yangcao, gives expression to one's feelings in plant, cultivates the moral character and nourishes the nature, happy feelings leisure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Be described further below in conjunction with specific embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, be the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention.This structure has the droping irrigating pipe 7 (being aqueduct) in drip irrigation hole 8 for top in the plantation pipeline 1,1/3 place is provided with the ventilative dividing plate 2 (being interlayer board) of the infiltration that has the air-vent 5 that seeps water, plantation pipeline 1 termination is provided with ventilative aspect 3, be used for ventilation, upper space is soil space 9, and lower space is reservoir bed 4 (being permeable groove).The plug of permeable groove and connecting elements are formed the plantation flowers and plants of definite shape, the device of vegetables.Implantation hole 6 is the accent of plantation flowers and plants, vegetables.
In the plantation pipeline, the top aqueduct carries out drip irrigation as required to duct chamber implants soil for growth.Water infiltration soil flow to the pipeline in 1/3 cavity, behind the full cavity of water superfluous water by permeable concentrated flow to subordinate's pipeline.Stream is irrigated by full promptly stopping.Form air-permeable layer between permeable groove lower edge ponding layer and the soil, be more conducive to plant growing.Once irrigate tens of basins to more plants.Described planting container inner chamber is provided with water-release fibre, connects by the infiltration air-vent to be placed in the aqua storage tank, can be by water-release fibre the guiding of the water in aqua storage tank plant growing district when soil moisture content is on the low side in the growing area.
The pipeline structure planting device of present embodiment can utilize pipe design to go out channelization carrier in different poses and with different expressions as required, forms solid growth, very big must beautifying the environment.
Though the present invention with preferred embodiment openly as above; but they are not to be used for limiting the present invention; anyly be familiar with this skill person; without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention; from when can doing various variations or retouching, so being as the criterion of should being defined with the application's claim protection domain of protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. pipeline structure planting device, it comprises plantation pipeline, implantation hole, infiltration ventilative dividing plate, reservoir bed and ventilative aspect, it is characterized in that: the ventilative dividing plate of described infiltration is separated into top soil space and bottom water space to the plantation pipeline, and described ventilative aspect is positioned at the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration below, reservoir bed top.
2. pipeline structure planting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be furnished with the infiltration air-vent on the ventilative dividing plate of described infiltration.
3. pipeline structure planting device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: also be provided with water-release fibre in the described plantation pipeline, even be placed in the water space of bottom by the infiltration air-vent.
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described pipeline structure planting devices, it is characterized in that: in the described plantation pipeline droping irrigating pipe is installed also, droping irrigating pipe is provided with the drip irrigation hole.
5. culturing device, it comprises planting container, it is characterized in that: described planting container inner chamber is provided with the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration, the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration is separated into top soil space and bottom water space to planting container, described planting container sidewall is provided with ventilative aspect, described ventilative aspect is positioned at the ventilative dividing plate of infiltration below, water space top, is furnished with the infiltration air-vent on the ventilative dividing plate of described infiltration.
6. culturing device according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described planting container inner chamber also is provided with water-release fibre, connects by the infiltration air-vent to be placed in the water space of bottom.
CNA2008100193494A 2008-01-04 2008-01-04 Pipeline structure planting device Pending CN101213929A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100193494A CN101213929A (en) 2008-01-04 2008-01-04 Pipeline structure planting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100193494A CN101213929A (en) 2008-01-04 2008-01-04 Pipeline structure planting device

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CN101213929A true CN101213929A (en) 2008-07-09

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782414A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-07-22 郑义雄 Pipeline for planting
CN105028167A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-11-11 哈尔滨工业大学 Outer-space plant culturing column and special outer-space planting system provided with the same
CN105104003A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-02 黄孝明 Plant planting device
CN105359958A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-03-02 何建华 Dual-cultivation box
CN106034812A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-10-26 镇江市都市生态农业有限公司 Ecological agriculture seedling cultivation tank
CN107060041A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-18 长沙市新节点机械科技有限责任公司 Compound double-deck special-shaped multi-functional tube
CN108713491A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-10-30 安徽润航农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of tube type no-soil cultivating device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782414A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-07-22 郑义雄 Pipeline for planting
CN105028167A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-11-11 哈尔滨工业大学 Outer-space plant culturing column and special outer-space planting system provided with the same
CN105028167B (en) * 2015-08-15 2017-04-19 哈尔滨工业大学 Outer-space plant culturing column and special outer-space planting system provided with the same
CN105104003A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-02 黄孝明 Plant planting device
CN105104003B (en) * 2015-08-27 2018-07-06 黄孝明 A kind of planting equipment
CN105359958A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-03-02 何建华 Dual-cultivation box
CN106034812A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-10-26 镇江市都市生态农业有限公司 Ecological agriculture seedling cultivation tank
CN107060041A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-18 长沙市新节点机械科技有限责任公司 Compound double-deck special-shaped multi-functional tube
CN108713491A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-10-30 安徽润航农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of tube type no-soil cultivating device

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Application publication date: 20080709