CN208509729U - Equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plants factory - Google Patents

Equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plants factory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208509729U
CN208509729U CN201820866033.8U CN201820866033U CN208509729U CN 208509729 U CN208509729 U CN 208509729U CN 201820866033 U CN201820866033 U CN 201820866033U CN 208509729 U CN208509729 U CN 208509729U
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China
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pallet
liquid
multifunctional lighting
planting
liquid storage
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张哲源
张继强
奉沈昊
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Guizhou Guang He Xin Zhi Technology Co Ltd
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Guizhou Guang He Xin Zhi Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of equipmentization Multifunctional lightings to plant factory, including the container body (8) with heat insulating construction, one or more Multifunctional lighting planter units (1) are equipped in container body (8), one or more ventilation filter modules (3), air-conditioning system (5), illumination plantation control module (6), are used for supply and discharge nutrient solution, water purification and CO at one or more humidity adjustment atomizing module (4)2For heat-extraction system (8.16), and the connector (8.15) of connection external cable and pipeline.The utility model has the characteristics that plant products are big, low energy consumption and planting facility equipmentization, and applicable more plant varieties and cultivated form, is conducive to extensive industrialization promotion.

Description

Equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plants factory
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of artificial plant factory, especially a kind of equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plants factory.
Background technique
Plant factor is to realize crops anniversary quantity-produced high-efficiency agriculture system by high-precision environment control in facility System is that the environmental conditions such as the temperature given birth to using computer to plant, humidity, illumination, CO2 concentration and nutrient solution are carried out certainly Dynamic control, make the fertility of facility implants not by or the seldom control type that is restricted by natural conditions produce.
Plant factor is the advanced stage of modern installations agricultural development, is a kind of high investment, high-tech, hard-cover standby production System integrates biotechnology, engineering technology and system administration, and agricultural production is made to detach from natural ecology constraint Annual carries out the factory farming system of plant product production according to plan, is to absorb to apply high-new skill in agricultural industrialization process Most active one of the field with potentiality of art achievement, represents the developing direction of the future of agriculture.
And at present on the market, most of plant factor's varieties of plant is single, mostly based on plant nutrient solution means, vegetable Dish product is generally pollution-free vegetable, it is difficult to produce organic vegetable, which greatly limits plant factors.Vegetable cultivation The reason of single variety, is attributed to the design of plantation plant facilities.Common non-outdoor vegetable has mushroom, sprout vegetables, leaf vegetables Solid state substrate cultivation, semi-solid matrix cultivation, mist state cultivation can be respectively adopted according to the difference of vegetable variety in equal multiple types Or a variety of cultivation means such as liquid cultivation provide supports, but in fact, existing plantation factory varieties of plant is single, manager without Method accomplishes the demand according to market to victual to adjust cultivation means.In addition, these factories are mostly to build class formation, it is difficult to Accomplish the fine-grained management of the energy, energy consumption is larger, and the unit cost of vegetables remains high, and does not have the item that large-scale promotion uses Part.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of equipmentization Multifunctional lightings to plant factory, it has plant products Greatly, the characteristics of low energy consumption, and applicable more plant varieties and cultivated form are conducive to extensive industrialization promotion.
The technical solution of the utility model includes: equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plants factory, and its main feature is that: including band heat insulating construction Container body, be equipped with one or more Multifunctional lighting planter units in container body, one or more ventilation filter modules, One or more humidity adjustment atomizing modules, illumination plantation control module, are used for supply and discharge nutrient solution, water purification and CO at air-conditioning system2 For heat-extraction system, and the connector of connection external cable and pipeline.
In above-mentioned equipment Multifunctional lighting plantation factory, the heat insulating construction includes in cabinet shell and cabinet shell Liner, the foamed plastic filled with insulation between cabinet shell liner reduces the heat transmitting inside and outside cabinet to the maximum extent.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, the ventilation filter module includes being fixed on blower tray Draft fan, the fan that draft fan upper cover is equipped with integrated filter screen and square, which covers, to be placed between the liner of container body and shell, Shell and fan attachment bracket simultaneously when liner filling-foam plastics outside the enclosure;The filter screen is layered using HEPA and photocatalyst Filter structure, photocatalyst filtering net setting effectively can avoid mould from entering in cabinet by the outer side of case, filter screen;Can also have simultaneously Effect avoids spore when cultivation mushroom from overflowing outside cabinet.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, the Multifunctional lighting planter units include bracket group, branch The vertical support frame of frame group is equipped with multilayer insulating panel hole, is supported by bracket group by the support card in partition board hole one or more single First layer, unit layer height are adjusted by support card;It further include the manifold system being connected with elementary layer, manifold system includes high pressure General pipeline, feed liquor house steward and liquid outlet, solenoid valve is arranged on manifold system or hand-operated valve controls liquid in-out, and manifold system connection is high Pressure water supply, feed flow and return liquid system;The elementary layer includes that same level height is equipped with one or more movable tray assembly, one The interlayer high pressure collecting pipe of a connection high-pressure main, an interlayer feed liquor remittance being connect by float liquid level module with feed liquor house steward Flow tube and the interlayer connecting with liquid outlet go out liquid collecting pipe, movable tray assembly and the interlayer high pressure collecting pipe, interlayer Feed liquor collecting pipe goes out liquid collecting pipe with interlayer and connects.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, the bracket group is additionally provided with the electric connector with protective cover Female, optical sensor, CO2And Temperature Humidity Sensor and soil humidity sensor, light bulb is connected in electric connector female Service cable.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, the movable tray assembly includes movable bracket, activity support Frame is equipped with a feed liquor structure and out liquid storage pallet for liquid structure;One or more light out are equipped with below movable bracket downward And the electric light source being convenient for changing;One or more field planting disks for cultivated plant or disposable kind are equipped in the liquid storage pallet Plant pallet.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, the float liquid level module includes being fixed on layering bracket Level tank, liquid-level-adjustable float-controlled valve or liquidometer are equipped in level tank;It is converged respectively with interlayer feed liquor there are two being set on level tank Flow tube goes out the Quick-change hose connector that liquid collecting pipe connects with interlayer.When Multifunctional lighting planter units as nursery in use, list First interfloor height recedes into the background, and layering bracket installs 2 level tanks, and the elementary layer of Multifunctional lighting planter units can be made to increase by one Times.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, the internal structure of movable tray assembly can be divided into two kinds, The first situation is: the field planting disk or disposable plantation pallet are fixed on the field planting disc carrier in liquid storage pallet, are colonized disk Bracket adjusts bar connection field planting by field planting disk elevation and tries to get to the heart of a matter seat, according to Cultural plan, is colonized height that disk is placed by selecting Disk elevation adjustment bar is colonized to determine.The program can be used for root atomising cultivation mode.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, bottom is equipped with spraying head-up spray in the liquid storage pallet Mist device, nutrient solution are ejected into the plant root of top by fog-spray nozzle;Spraying lasting or interval time passes through solenoid valve or hand Dynamic valve control.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, second of internal structure of movable tray assembly is: described Field planting disk or disposable plantation pallet are fixed in the plantation pallet in liquid storage pallet;It plants pallet and is equipped with through-hole and liquid storage pallet Fluid connection, the program can be used for exempting from being colonized disk or disposable plantation pallet is directly planted in plantation pallet.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, bottom is equipped with draining layer in the liquid storage pallet;The work The leaves of plants that head-down spraying device by spraying, water purification or nutrient solution are ejected into lower section by fog-spray nozzle is additionally provided with below dynamic bracket Face;Spraying lasting or interval time is controlled by solenoid valve or hand-operated valve.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, the draining layer is maked somebody a mere figurehead by being colonized to try to get to the heart of a matter seat and fix transverse bar It is formed, the field planting tries to get to the heart of a matter seat equipped with transverse bar connection card, and adjacent fixation transverse bar is by screw and is connected to field planting and tries to get to the heart of a matter seat Between transverse bar connection card link together.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation above-mentioned factory, bottom setting labyrinth protrusion, reduces solid in liquid storage pallet Substance enters in liquid structure;Liquid storage pallet is tried to get to the heart of a matter and disk side also sets up multiple local reduction's blind holes for feed liquor or drain, side Just various layout patterns, when use, drill through, and enhance the versatility of liquid storage pallet;When if necessary to limit bottom limit level, The position-limiting tube of certain altitude is inserted on liquid storage pallet drainage hole to realize, the liquid level lower than limit nozzle can not be discharged;Liquid storage support Disk internal-filling liquid continues or interval time can be controlled by solenoid valve or hand-operated valve.
In equipmentization Multifunctional lighting above-mentioned plantation factory, cable also comprising one or more tape cable specification set, Described cable one end is connected with electric connector, and the other end is connected with electric light source;The cable gauge, which puts on setting specification set, to be stopped Mouthful, cable gauge set is fixed on movable bracket by specification loop port;One or more is provided on the movable bracket For installing the mounting-positioning holes with positioning protrusion of electric light source.
Compared with prior art, for the utility model using container body as carrier, carrying in inside can be raw for plant It is long that the functional control module of necessary environmental factor is provided and single using internal Multifunctional lighting planter units as basic plantation Member, it is higher to make entirely to plant factory's intensive degree, reduces equipment difficulty, plant production capacity not only can be improved, but also whole Body equipment energy utilization rate is also higher, can reduce specific energy consumption, is convenient for large-scale industrialization promotion.
In addition, Multifunctional lighting planter units used in the utility model help to realize solid state substrate, semisolid base A variety of cultivation means such as matter, mist state or liquid are able to achieve the cultivation of the various vegetables kinds such as mushroom, sprout vegetables, leaf vegetables, raise Grass cultivation even includes pesticide residual degradation cultivation as outdoor vegetable etc..Moreover, the Multifunctional lighting planter units can be used one Secondary property plantation pallet or field planting disk cultivate vegetables, disposable pallet or customized disc, are production auxiliary again in process of production, can be The effect of outer packing product is undertaken in transport or sales process, be put into after consumer's purchase it is own, based on similar number of patent application Vegetable cultivating can be continued to undertake in 201711079902.9 illumination cultivation box, the auxiliary of preservation acts on, it can be achieved that living body vegetables Production, picking, transport and consumption integration.And then vegetables production and consumption status is changed, it is raw to provide vegetables for people Produce the completely new selection with consumption pattern.
The utility model improve to the maximum extent kind of plant kind and yield, to the maximum extent reduce container body in Outer heat transmitting significantly reduces the specific energy consumption of illumination plantation factory, and the per kilogram vegetables power consumption 7 of tradition plantation factory ~15 degree of electricity are compared, and it is light that the power consumption of illumination plantation factory's per kilogram vegetables of the utility model, which is directly preferably minimized 2 degree of electricity or so, Enter normal vegetable consumption market according to plantation factory products and brings hope.Be conducive to plantation dealer to be selected in real time according to the market demand Plant plane and varieties of plant are selected, provides the equipment equipment guarantee of high-yield high-quality for plantation dealer's planting vegetable.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the Multifunctional lighting planter units of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 removal for the structural schematic diagram after heat-extraction system;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram after Fig. 2 removal piecemeal activity pallet assembly;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the first movable tray assembly in embodiment (with field planting disk);
Fig. 6 is another viewing angle constructions schematic diagram of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 be structure shown in Fig. 5 assembling after schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the first movable tray assembly in embodiment (the disposable plantation pallet of band);
Fig. 9 be structure shown in Fig. 8 assembling after schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of second of movable tray assembly (with field planting disk) in embodiment;
Figure 11 be structure shown in Figure 10 assembling after schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of second of movable tray assembly in embodiment (the disposable plantation pallet of band);
Figure 13 be structure shown in Figure 12 assembling after schematic diagram;
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of second of movable tray assembly (only planting pallet) in embodiment;
Figure 15 be structure shown in Figure 14 assembling after schematic diagram;
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of movable tray assembly removal liquid storage pallet inner body;
Figure 17 is movable bracket rectangular structure schematic diagram;
Figure 18 is float liquid level modular structure schematic diagram;
Figure 19 is container body heat-insulating material filling schematic diagram;
Figure 20 is ventilation filter modular structure schematic diagram;
Figure 21 be structure shown in Figure 20 assembling after schematic diagram;
Figure 22 is the graph of relation of specific energy consumption and air-conditioning power.
Label in attached drawing: 1- Multifunctional lighting planter units, the assembly of 2- movable tray, 2.1- movable bracket, 2.1.1- Light bulb fixes bracket, and 2.1.2- cable hooks, 2.2- liquid storage pallet, 2.2.1- local reduction blind hole, the labyrinth 2.2.2- protrusion, 2.2.3- draining layer, the fixed transverse bar of 2.2.4-, 2.2.5- transverse bar connection card, 2.2.6- position-limiting tube, 2.2.7- screw, 2.3- electric light Source, cable of the 2.4- with electric connector, 2.5- cable gauge set, 2.5.1- specification loop port, 2.6- light bulb fixed ring, 2.7- light bulb protective cover, 2.8- mounting-positioning holes, 2.9- kind plant pallet, 2.9.1- through-hole, and 2.9.2- disposably plants pallet, 2.9.3- disposable pallet cover, 2.10- are colonized disk, and 2.10.1- is colonized disc carrier, and 2.10.2- is colonized seat of trying to get to the heart of a matter, and 2.10.3- is fixed Disk elevation processed adjusts bar, 2.11- spraying device, 2.11.1- fog-spray nozzle, 2.11.2- fixed spring, 2.12- interlayer high pressure confluence Pipe, 2.13- interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe, 2.14- interlayer go out liquid collecting pipe, 2.15- pipe clamp, 3- ventilation filter module, 3.1- fan Bracket, 3.2- draft fan, 3.2.1- fan lid, 3.2.2- draft fan fixing screws, 3.3- filter screen, 3.3.1- filter square, 4- Control module is planted in humidity adjustment atomizing module, 5.2- air-conditioner outdoor unit, 5.3- air-conditioning coil pipe, air conditioner indoor unit, 6- illumination, 6.1- optical sensor, 6.2-CO2And Temperature Humidity Sensor, 6.3- soil humidity sensor, 7- bracket group, 7.1- float liquid Position module, 7.1.1- level tank, 7.1.2- liquid-level-adjustable float-controlled valve, 7.1.3- layering bracket, 7.1.4- Quick-change hose connector, 7.2- feed liquor house steward, 7.3- liquid outlet, 7.4- high-pressure main, 7.5- solenoid valve, 7.6- hand-operated valve, 7.7- vertical support frame, 7.7.1- multilayer insulating panel hole, 7.7.2- support card, 7.8- cross reinforcing, 7.9- waling, 7.10- is with protective cover Electric connector female, 7.10.1- bulb powered cable, 8- container body, 8.01- liner, 8.02- shell, 8.03- heat insulating material Material.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described below with reference to embodiment, but is not intended as to the utility model limitation Foundation.
Embodiment.A kind of equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plantation factory, includes the container with heat insulating construction as shown in Figure 1: Body 8, container body 8 is interior to be equipped with one or more Multifunctional lighting planter units 1, one or more ventilation filter modules 3, one Or multiple humidity adjust atomizing modules 4, air-conditioning system 5, illumination plantation control module 6, are used for supply and discharge nutrient solution, water purification and CO2 For heat-extraction system 8.16, and the connector 8.15 of connection external cable and pipeline.The heat insulating construction includes cabinet shell 8.01 With the liner 8.02 in cabinet shell 8.01, foamed plastic 8.03 filled with insulation between 8.01 liner 8.2 of cabinet shell, most The heat transmitting inside and outside cabinet is reduced to limits, as shown in figure 19.By setting different plantation temperature, insulation thickness and place The outdoor temperature of planting area, calculates energy management relation curve, moves towards in conjunction with the outdoor temperature in place plantation area, most Determine that container selects suitable heat-insulating material thickness afterwards;And by energy management relation curve as factory's administration of energy conservation fortune The foundation of work.
The ventilation filter module 3 includes the draft fan 3.2 being fixed on blower tray 3.1, and 3.2 upper cover of draft fan is equipped with The fan lid 3.2.1 of integrated filter screen 3.3 and square 3.3.1;Blower tray 3.1 is placed in the liner 8.01 of container body 8 and outer Between shell 8.02, outside the enclosure when 8.01 filling-foam plastics 8.03 of shell 8.02 and liner simultaneously fan attachment bracket 3.1;It is described Filter screen 3.3 uses HEPA and photocatalyst laminate filtration construct, and by the outer side of case, filter screen 3.3 can for photocatalyst filtering net setting Effectively mould is avoided to enter in cabinet;Spore when cultivation mushroom also can be effectively avoided to overflow outside cabinet simultaneously, such as Figure 20 and Figure 21 It is shown.
Control module 6 is planted in the illumination, has the control for opening and closing periodicity of illumination, intensity of illumination measurement and control System, spectrum adjusting, air themperature measurement and control, air humidity measurement and control, soil humidity measuring, CO2Measurement of concetration and Control, ventilation cycle control, network data is uploaded, is downloaded, video monitoring and APP are controlled, and further includes a variety of specific kind of plant Optimization operation presetting to above-mentioned parameter and the customized operation of user.
The Multifunctional lighting planter units are as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, including bracket group 7, the vertical branch of bracket group 7 Frame 7.7 is equipped with multilayer insulating panel hole 7.7.1, is supported by one by the support card 7.7.2 in partition board hole 7.7.1 in bracket group 7 Or multiple elementary layers, unit layer height are adjusted by support card 7.7.2;It further include the manifold system being connected with elementary layer, always Guard system includes high-pressure main 7.4, feed liquor house steward 7.2 and liquid outlet 7.3, and solenoid valve 7.5 or manual is arranged on manifold system Valve 7.6 controls liquid in-out, and manifold system is connected to high service, feed flow and return liquid system;The elementary layer includes same level height Interlayer high pressure collecting pipe 2.12, one for being equipped with one or more 2, connection high-pressure mains 7.4 of movable trays assembly are logical Cross interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe 2.13 that float liquid level module 7.1 is connect with feed liquor house steward 7.2 and with 7.3 general pipeline of liquid outlet The interlayer of connection goes out liquid collecting pipe 2.14, movable tray assembly 2 and the interlayer high pressure collecting pipe 2.12, interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe 2.13 and interlayer go out liquid collecting pipe 2.14 connection.The bracket group 7 is additionally provided with the electric connector female 7.10 with protective cover, light According to sensor 6.1, CO2And Temperature Humidity Sensor 6.2 and soil humidity sensor 6.3, it connects in electric connector female 7.10 There is bulb powered cable 7.10.1.It is provided with the movable tray assembly 2 at the top of illumination planter units and does not include pallet 2.2; The movable tray assembly 2 that illumination planter units bottom is arranged in does not include electric light source 2.3.
The structure of the float liquid level module 7.1 is as shown in figure 18, including the level tank being fixed on layering bracket 7.1.3 7.1.1, liquid-level-adjustable float-controlled valve 7.1.2 or liquidometer are equipped in level tank 7.1.1;There are two being set on level tank 7.1.1 respectively Go out the Quick-change hose connector 7.1.4 that liquid collecting pipe 2.14 is connect with interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe 2.13 and interlayer.Work as Multifunctional lighting For planter units as nursery in use, unit interfloor height recedes into the background, layering bracket 7.1.3 installs 2 level tank 7.1.1, The elementary layer of Multifunctional lighting planter units can be made to double.
Wherein movable tray assembly 2 can be two kinds of basic structure types.
The first is as shown in Figures 5 to 9, including movable bracket 2.1, and movable bracket 2.1 is equipped with a band feed liquor structure The liquid storage pallet 2.2 of liquid structure out;The electric light for being equipped with one or more light out below movable bracket 2.1 downward and being convenient for changing Source 2.3;One or more field planting disks 2.10 for cultivated plant or disposable plantation support are equipped in the liquid storage pallet 2.2 Disk 2.9.2.The field planting disk 2.10 or disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 are fixed on the field planting disc carrier in liquid storage pallet 2.2 2.10.1 on, field planting disc carrier 2.10.1 adjusts bar 2.10.3 connection by field planting disk elevation and is colonized the 2.10.2 that tries to get to the heart of a matter, according to Cultural plan, the height that field planting disk 2.10 is placed are determined by the field planting disk elevation adjustment bar 2.10.3 selected.The liquid storage pallet Bottom is equipped with the spraying device 2.11 of fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1 upward in 2.2, and nutrient solution is ejected into top by fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1 Plant root;Spraying lasting or interval time is controlled by solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6.
Second as shown in Figure 10 to Figure 15, including movable bracket 2.1, movable bracket 2.1 is equipped with a band feed liquor knot The liquid storage pallet 2.2 of structure and out liquid structure;The electricity for being equipped with one or more light out below movable bracket 2.1 downward and being convenient for changing Light source 2.3;One or more field planting disks 2.10 for cultivated plant or disposable plantation are equipped in the liquid storage pallet 2.2 Pallet 2.9.2.The field planting disk 2.10 or disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 are fixed on the plantation pallet 2.9 in liquid storage pallet 2.2 It is interior;Plant the fluid connection that pallet 2.9 is equipped with through-hole 2.9.1 and liquid storage pallet 2.2.
The liquid storage pallet 2.2 of two kinds of structures is essentially identical with the structure of lower portion, as shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17, liquid storage pallet Bottom is equipped with draining layer 2.2.3 in 2.2;Fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1 spraying device directed downwardly is additionally provided with below the movable bracket 2.1 2.11, water purification or nutrient solution are ejected into the plant leaf surface of lower section by fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1;Spraying lasting or interval time passes through Solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6 control.The draining layer 2.2.3 is by being colonized the 2.10.2 and fixed transverse bar 2.2.3.1 that tries to get to the heart of a matter Aerial to be formed, the 2.10.2 that tries to get to the heart of a matter that is colonized passes through equipped with transverse bar connection card 2.2.3.2, adjacent fixation transverse bar 2.2.4 It screw 2.2.3.3 and is connected to the transverse bar connection card 2.2.5 that field planting is tried to get to the heart of a matter between a 2.10.2 and links together.
Labyrinth protrusion 2.2.2 is arranged in bottom in liquid storage pallet 2.2, reduces solid matter and enters in liquid structure;Liquid storage support Disk 2.2 is tried to get to the heart of a matter and disk side also sets up multiple local reduction's blind hole 2.2.1 for feed liquor or drain, is facilitated various layout patterns, is made Used time drills through, and enhances the versatility of liquid storage pallet 2.2;When if necessary to limit bottom limit level, drained in liquid storage pallet 2.2 The position-limiting tube 2.2.6 of certain altitude is inserted on hole to realize, liquid level of 2.2.6 mouthfuls lower than position-limiting tube can not be discharged;Liquid storage pallet 2.2 internal-filling liquids continue or interval time can be controlled by solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6.It also include one or more tape cable The cable 2.4 of specification set 2.5,2.4 one end of the cable are connected with electric connector, and the other end is connected with electric light source 2.3;It is described Specification loop port is set on cable gauge set 2.5, and cable gauge set 2.5 is fixed on movable bracket 2.1 by specification loop port; It is provided on the movable bracket 2.1 one or more for installing the mounting-positioning holes with positioning protrusion of electric light source 2.3 2.8。
The preparation method of the energy management relation curve specifically includes the following steps:
A, it calculates influential total heat source amount in Multifunctional lighting plantation factory container body: generating heat comprising light irradiation apparatus Amount, atomization plant calorific value, all electromechanical equipment calorific values, staff body calorific value and all kinds of electrical appliance calorific values;
B, calculate container body to outdoor heat radiation total amount: cabinet insulation thickness uniformly designs, and entire cabinet face is unfolded Product, according to cabinet internal-external temperature difference, by there is the heat exchange pattern of insulation thickness to calculate heat radiation total amount;Set the intracorporal plantation of case Temperature calculates the heat radiation total amount of different heat insulation layer thickness according to box outside temperature;The outer temperature of case is higher than setting plantation temperature When, it is presented as to, to heat radiation in case, heat input is positive value outside case;When the outer temperature of case is lower than setting plantation temperature, it is presented as To, to heat radiation outside case, heat output is negative value in case;
C, calculate the air-conditioning power of container body: the outer different temperatures of setting cabinet, heat insulation layer thickness calculate total heat source Amount, heat radiation total amount, and find the Energy Efficiency Ratio of air-conditioning at a temperature of different operating;Air-conditioning power=(total heat source amount+heat radiation is total Amount)/air-conditioning Energy Efficiency Ratio;Calculated value is negative value, and air-conditioning is heating working condition;Calculated value is positive value, and air-conditioning is refrigeration work shape State;
D, calculate the electricity consumption of all electrical equipments in container body: comprising light irradiation apparatus power, atomization plant power, All electromechanical equipment power, all kinds of electrical appliance power and air-conditioning power calculate year total electricity consumption according to the power under different temperatures Amount;
E, it calculates the specific energy consumption of the per kilogram vegetables of Multifunctional lighting plantation factory: work is planted according to Multifunctional lighting The plantation pallet total amount of factory, pallet each cycle yield, crop cycle calculate the vegetables gross annual output of Multifunctional lighting plantation factory Amount, the then specific energy consumption of per kilogram vegetables=year total electricity consumption/vegetables gross annual output amount;
F, according to the calculated result of A~E, the relation curve of outdoor temperature Yu specific energy consumption and air-conditioning power is fitted.It is single The graph of relation of position energy consumption and air-conditioning power is as shown in figure 22.
Assembling the collocation of 2 accessories by adjusting movable tray can be achieved Multifunctional lighting plantation application scheme.
1, when being used for mist state spray culture, the structure of movable tray assembly 2 are as follows: be equipped in liquid storage pallet 2.2 one or Multiple field planting disks 2.10 for cultivated plant, field planting disk 2.10 are fixed on field planting disc carrier 2.10.1, are colonized disc carrier 2.10.1 bar 2.10.3 connection is adjusted by field planting disk elevation and is colonized the 2.10.2 that tries to get to the heart of a matter, according to Cultural plan, be colonized disk 2.10 The height of placement is determined by the field planting disk elevation adjustment bar 2.10.3 selected.Disk 2.10 is colonized according to cultivar or scheme, is had It is suitble to the various structures of all kinds of cultivation objects.Spraying device 2.11 is arranged in bottom in liquid storage pallet 2.2, and nutrient solution passes through spraying Head 2.11.1 is ejected into plant root;Or spraying device 2.11 is equipped with below movable bracket 2.1, nutrient solution or water purification pass through spray Mist head 2.11.1 is ejected into crown, and spraying device 2.11 is fixed on movable bracket 2.1 by fixed spring 2.11.2. Liquid level is controlled without using float liquid level module 7.1, the feed liquor and outlet end of float liquid level module 7.1 are shorted with Quick-change hose, high Pressure water is directly entered interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe 2.13 and connect with the spraying device 2.11 in liquid storage pallet 2.2;In movable bracket The spraying device 2.11 of 2.1 lower sections is connect with interlayer high pressure collecting pipe 2.12.Spraying lasting or interval time can pass through solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6 control.
2, when being cultivated for solid state substrate or semi-solid matrix, the structure of movable tray assembly 2 are as follows: liquid storage pallet 2.2 It is interior to be equipped with one or more plantation pallets 2.9 for being used for cultivated plant;Or movable tray when mist state spray culture is assembled into 2 structures In field planting disk 2.10 be changed to disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2, restore the normal connection of float liquid level module 7.1, when necessary The spraying device 2.11 in liquid storage pallet 2.2 can be cancelled, can determine whether be put into drip in liquid storage pallet 2.2 according to plantation scheme Water layer 2.2.3, draining layer 2.2.3 are used to adjust the height that plantation pallet 2.9 is placed in liquid storage pallet 2.2, draining layer 2.2.3 the 2.10.2 that can be tried to get to the heart of a matter by field planting is fixed transverse bar 2.2.4 and transverse bar connection card 2.2.5 is screwed and constitutes;Plantation Pallet 2.9 is equipped with the fluid connection of through-hole 2.9.1 and liquid storage pallet 2.2.Spraying device 2.11 is equipped with below movable bracket 2.1, Nutrient solution or water purification are ejected into crown by fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1, and spraying device 2.11 is fixed by fixed spring 2.11.2 Onto movable bracket 2.1;The bottom of disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 and the settable venthole of surrounding, seep convenient for external liquid Ventilation when entering in it and becoming commodity living body vegetables.Seed layer collocation plant suitable solid nutrient matrix when plantation, primary Property plantation pallet 2.9.2 or plantation pallet 2.9 in nutrient matrix and seed layer are set from bottom to up, water water or nutrient solution, to Disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 plantation pallet 2.9 is put into when germination to be placed in liquid storage pallet 2.2;Or directly by one Secondary property plantation pallet 2.9.2 is placed in liquid storage pallet 2.2;Or the field planting disc carrier for being placed in disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 On 2.10.1.
When solid state substrate Cultural plan, it is high in draining layer that adjustment float liquid level module 7.1 controls water purification or nutrient solution liquid level Near degree, moisture is permeated by matrix capillary gap to solid state substrate.
When semi-solid matrix Cultural plan, adjustment float liquid level module 7.1 controls water or nutrient solution liquid level timing portion floods Not or total flooding solid state substrate;According to liquid level, matrix floods lasting or interval time can be by solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6 control.
3, when for the cultivation of liquid nutritional liquid, the structure of movable tray assembly 2 are as follows: structure when being cultivated using mist state; Or structure when being cultivated using solid state substrate or semi-solid matrix,
When liquid cultivation is using mist state growing structures, set off with being colonized the work cultivation of disk 2.10, it is fixed that field planting disk 2.10 is fixed on It plants on disc carrier 2.10.1, the height that field planting disk 2.10 is placed is determined by the field planting disk elevation adjustment bar 2.10.3 selected.Or it adopts Making cultivation with disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 to set off, the disposable pallet 2.9.2 that plants is fixed on field planting disc carrier 2.10.1, The height that disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 is placed is determined by the field planting disk elevation adjustment bar 2.10.3 selected.
When liquid cultivation is using solid state substrate or semi-solid matrix growing structures, cultivation is made using field planting disk 2.10 and is set off, Field planting disk 2.10 is fixed on plantation pallet 2.9.Or cultivation is made using disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 and is set off, it is disposable to plant Pallet 2.9.2 is fixed on plantation pallet 2.9.
Wherein upper limit level can adjust float liquid level module 7.1 and control water or nutrient solution liquid level and carry out timing portion and floods or entirely Submerged plant root;If necessary to lower control limit liquid level, the position-limiting tube of certain altitude is inserted on 2.2 drainage hole of liquid storage pallet 2.2.6 it realizes, liquid level of 2.2.6 mouthfuls lower than position-limiting tube can not be discharged.Cultivation object root is flooded persistently or interval time can lead to It crosses solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6 controls.
4, when be used for growing nursery and culture when and sprout vegetables, movable tray assembly 2 structure are as follows: with liquid nutritional liquid cultivate tie Structure is identical, and difference is that making cultivation using disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 sets off, for needing lower height when growing nursery and culture Degree, settable more elementary layers.
Solid nutrient matrix and seed layer are set from bottom to up in disposably plantation pallet 2.9.2;Or by even distribution of seed In the disposable bottom plantation pallet 2.9.2 at fiber lay down bottom.
Disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 is fixed on field planting disc carrier 2.10.1, disposable to plant what pallet 2.9.2 was placed Height is determined by the field planting disk elevation adjustment bar 2.10.3 selected;Or disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 is fixed on plantation pallet 2.9 On.
Spraying device 2.11 can be equipped with below movable bracket 2.1, nutrient solution or water purification are passed through by nutrient solution or water purification Fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1 is ejected into seed layer, and spraying device 2.11 is fixed on movable bracket 2.1 by fixed spring 2.11.2; Spraying lasting or interval time can be controlled by solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6.
Adjustable float liquid level module 7.1 controls water purification or nutrient solution liquid level timing near draining layer height, and moisture leans on Matrix capillary gap is permeated to nutrient matrix, keeps Nutrient medium humidity.
Adjustable float liquid level module 7.1 controls water or nutrient solution liquid level is partially flooded with or total flooding nutrient matrix;According to Liquid level, matrix floods lasting or interval time can be by solenoid valve 7.5 or the control of hand-operated valve 7.6.
5, when being used for mushroom cultivation, the structure of movable tray assembly 2 are as follows: identical as structure when growing nursery and culture, difference exists It is only set off as bacterium bag in disposably plantation pallet 2.9.2, it is one or more to be connect by disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 dress wrap molding Kind is put into plantation pallet 2.9 or ignores plantation pallet 2.9 at bacterium bag, by inoculated bacterium bag, is directly placed into liquid storage pallet 2.2 In, or on field planting disc carrier 2.10.1, carry out thallus culture;
Or traditional bacterium bag pattern is used, it is placed directly in liquid storage pallet 2.2.
Spraying device 2.11, nutrient solution or water purification can be equipped with below movable bracket 2.1 to spray by fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1 To bacterium bag surface, spraying device 2.11 is fixed on movable bracket 2.1 by fixed spring 2.11.2.
Spraying lasting or interval time can be controlled by solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6;Without using float liquid level module 7.1 control liquid levels, are arranged interlayer high pressure collecting pipe 2.12, and 7.1 liquid feeding end of float liquid level module can be high with Quick-change hose and interlayer Collecting pipe 2.12 is pressed to connect.
6, when for forage grass cultivation, the structure of movable tray assembly 2 are as follows:, area identical as liquid nutritional liquid growing structures It is not that bigger specification plantation pallet 2.9 work cultivation, which can be used, sets off, and as shown in Figure 14 and Figure 15, plants pallet in big specification Solid nutrient matrix and seed layer are set in 2.9;Or even distribution of seed is planted into 2.9 bottom of pallet in big specification.
Spraying device 2.11 can be equipped with below movable bracket 2.1, nutrient solution or water purification are passed through by nutrient solution or water purification Fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1 is ejected into seed layer, and spraying device 2.11 is fixed on movable bracket 2.1 by fixed spring 2.11.2; Spraying lasting or interval time can be controlled by solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6;
Adjustable float liquid level module 7.1 controls water purification or nutrient solution liquid level near draining layer height, and moisture leans on matrix Capillary gap is permeated to nutrient matrix, keeps Nutrient medium humidity;
Adjustable float liquid level module 7.1 controls water or nutrient solution liquid level timing portion floods or total flooding nutrient matrix; According to liquid level, matrix floods lasting or interval time can be by solenoid valve 7.5 or the control of hand-operated valve 7.6;
7, when continuing to cultivate or remove pesticide residue for open country plant and vegetables immigration illumination planter units, activity support The structure of disk assembly 2 are as follows: identical as structure when growing nursery and culture, difference is disposably to plant pallet 2.9.2 as open country plant With setting off for vegetable transplanting.
One or more disposable plantation pallet 2.9.2 for moving into open country plant and vegetables are put into plantation pallet 2.9 Or ignore plantation pallet 2.9, it is directly placed into liquid storage pallet 2.2, or on field planting disc carrier 2.10.1, carry out continuing to cultivate;
Other traditional planting container patterns can be used, be placed directly in liquid storage pallet 2.2.
Spraying device 2.11, nutrient solution or water purification can be equipped with below movable bracket 2.1 to spray by fog-spray nozzle 2.11.1 Onto plant or vegetables blade face, spraying device 2.11 is fixed on movable bracket 2.1 by fixed spring 2.11.2;It is spraying to continue Or interval time can be controlled by solenoid valve 7.5 or hand-operated valve 7.6;
Adjustable float liquid level module 7.1 controls water purification or nutrient solution liquid level timing near draining layer height, and moisture leans on Matrix capillary gap is permeated to nutrient matrix, keeps Nutrient medium humidity.
Adjustable float liquid level module 7.1 controls water or nutrient solution liquid level timing portion floods or total flooding nutrient matrix; According to liquid level, matrix floods lasting or interval time can be by solenoid valve 7.5 or the control of hand-operated valve 7.6.

Claims (14)

1. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plants factory, it is characterised in that: including the container body (8) with heat insulating construction, container One or more Multifunctional lighting planter units (1), one or more ventilation filter modules (3), one or more are equipped in body (8) A humidity adjustment atomizing module (4), air-conditioning system (5), illumination plantation control module (6), for supply and discharge nutrient solution, water purification and CO2For heat-extraction system, and the connector (8.15) of connection external cable and pipeline.
2. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 1 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the heat insulating construction includes Liner (8.02) in cabinet shell (8.01) and cabinet shell (8.01) is filled between cabinet shell (8.01) liner (8.2) There is the foamed plastic (8.03) of insulation, reduces the heat transmitting inside and outside cabinet to the maximum extent.
3. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 1 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the ventilation filter module It (3) include the draft fan (3.2) being fixed on blower tray (3.1), draft fan (3.2) upper cover is equipped with integrated filter screen (3.3) With the fan lid (3.2.1) of square (3.3.1);Blower tray (3.1) is placed in the liner (8.01) and shell of container body (8) (8.02) between, shell (8.02) and fan attachment bracket simultaneously when liner (8.01) filling-foam plastics (8.03) outside the enclosure (3.1)。
4. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 1 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the Multifunctional lighting kind Planting unit includes bracket group (7), and the vertical support frame (7.7) of bracket group (7) is equipped with multilayer insulating panel hole (7.7.1), bracket group (7) The upper support card (7.7.2) by partition board hole (7.7.1) is supported by one or more elementary layers, and unit layer height passes through support Block (7.7.2) to adjust;It further include the manifold system being connected with elementary layer, manifold system includes that high-pressure main (7.4), feed liquor are total (7.2) and liquid outlet (7.3) are managed, solenoid valve (7.5) are set on manifold system or hand-operated valve (7.6) controls liquid in-out, general pipeline System connectivity high service, feed flow and return liquid system;The elementary layer includes that same level height is equipped with one or more activities Pallet assemble (2), one connection high-pressure main (7.4) interlayer high pressure collecting pipe (2.12), one pass through float liquid level module (7.1) the interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe (2.13) being connect with feed liquor house steward (7.2) and the interlayer being connect with liquid outlet (7.3) Liquid collecting pipe (2.14) out, movable tray assemble (2) and the interlayer high pressure collecting pipe (2.12), interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe (2.13) and interlayer goes out liquid collecting pipe (2.14) connection.
5. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 4 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the bracket group (7) is also Equipped with the electric connector female (7.10) with protective cover, optical sensor (6.1), CO2And Temperature Humidity Sensor (6.2) and soil Earth humidity sensor (6.3) is connected with bulb powered cable (7.10.1) in electric connector female (7.10).
6. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 4 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the movable tray assembly It (2) include movable bracket (2.1), movable bracket (2.1) is equipped with a feed liquor structure and out liquid storage pallet for liquid structure (2.2);The electric light source (2.3) for being equipped with one or more light out below movable bracket (2.1) downward and being convenient for changing;The liquid storage It is equipped with one or more field planting disks (2.10) for cultivated plant in pallet (2.2) or disposably plants pallet (2.9.2).
7. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 4 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the float liquid level module (7.1) include the level tank (7.1.1) being fixed in layering bracket (7.1.3), floated in level tank (7.1.1) equipped with liquid-level-adjustable Sub- valve (7.1.2) or liquidometer;Go out respectively with interlayer feed liquor collecting pipe (2.13) and interlayer there are two being set on level tank (7.1.1) The Quick-change hose connector (7.1.4) of liquid collecting pipe (2.14) connection.
8. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 6 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the field planting disk (2.10) Or disposably plantation pallet (2.9.2) is fixed on the field planting disc carrier (2.10.1) in liquid storage pallet (2.2), is colonized disc carrier (2.10.1) is tried to get to the heart of a matter seat (2.10.2) by field planting disk elevation adjustment bar (2.10.3) connection field planting, according to Cultural plan, field planting The height that disk (2.10) is placed is determined by field planting disk elevation adjustment bar (2.10.3) selected.
9. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 8 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the liquid storage pallet (2.2) interior bottom is equipped with the spraying device (2.11) of fog-spray nozzle (2.11.1) upward, and nutrient solution is sprayed by fog-spray nozzle (2.11.1) It is mapped to the plant root of top;Spraying lasting or interval time is controlled by solenoid valve (7.5) or hand-operated valve (7.6).
10. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 6 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the field planting disk (2.10) or disposably pallet (2.9.2) is planted to be fixed on the plantation pallet (2.9) in liquid storage pallet (2.2) Nei;Plant pallet (2.9) fluid connection of through-hole (2.9.1) and liquid storage pallet (2.2) are equipped with.
11. the equipment Multifunctional lighting according to claim 8 or 10 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the liquid storage support Disk (2.2) interior bottom is equipped with draining layer (2.2.3);Fog-spray nozzle (2.11.1) is additionally provided with downward below the movable bracket (2.1) Spraying device (2.11).
12. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 11 plants factory, it is characterised in that: the draining layer (2.2.3) is tried to get to the heart of a matter seat (2.10.2) and fixed transverse bar (2.2.3.1) is aerial is formed by field planting, and seat (2.10.2) is tried to get to the heart of a matter in the field planting It is equipped with transverse bar connection card (2.2.3.2), adjacent fixation transverse bar (2.2.4) is by screw (2.2.3.3) and is connected to field planting The transverse bar connection card (2.2.5) tried to get to the heart of a matter between seat (2.10.2) links together.
13. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 6 plants factory, it is characterised in that: in liquid storage pallet (2.2) Labyrinth protrusion (2.2.2) is arranged in bottom, reduces solid matter and enters in liquid structure;Liquid storage pallet (2.2) try to get to the heart of a matter and disk side also Multiple local reduction's blind holes (2.2.1) are set for feed liquor or drain, facilitate arrangement, when use drills through, enhancing liquid storage support The versatility of disk (2.2);When if necessary to limit bottom limit level, certain altitude is inserted on liquid storage pallet (2.2) drainage hole Position-limiting tube (2.2.6) realizes that the liquid level lower than position-limiting tube (2.2.6) mouth can not be discharged;Liquid storage pallet (2.2) internal-filling liquid is lasting Or interval time can be controlled by solenoid valve (7.5) or hand-operated valve (7.6).
14. equipmentization Multifunctional lighting according to claim 6 plants factory, it is characterised in that: also include one or more The cable (2.4) of root tape cable specification set (2.5), the cable (2.4) one end are connected with electric connector, the other end and electric light Source (2.3) is connected;Specification loop port is set on the cable gauge set (2.5), and cable gauge set (2.5) passes through specification loop port It is fixed on movable bracket (2.1);It is provided on the movable bracket (2.1) one or more for installing electric light source (2.3) the mounting-positioning holes (2.8) with positioning protrusion.
CN201820866033.8U 2018-06-06 2018-06-06 Equipmentization Multifunctional lighting plants factory Active CN208509729U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110786208A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-14 贵州光合新植科技有限公司 Plant planting technology evolution method based on artificial illumination planting technology

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110786208A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-14 贵州光合新植科技有限公司 Plant planting technology evolution method based on artificial illumination planting technology

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