CN203505235U - Balcony planting device and assembly - Google Patents

Balcony planting device and assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203505235U
CN203505235U CN201220112965.6U CN201220112965U CN203505235U CN 203505235 U CN203505235 U CN 203505235U CN 201220112965 U CN201220112965 U CN 201220112965U CN 203505235 U CN203505235 U CN 203505235U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
planting
conduit
water level
assembly
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CN201220112965.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨卫星
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杨卫星
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Priority to CN201120187326 priority Critical
Priority to CN201120187326.1 priority
Priority to CN201120324934.2 priority
Priority to CN201120324934 priority
Application filed by 杨卫星 filed Critical 杨卫星
Priority to CN201220112965.6U priority patent/CN203505235U/en
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Publication of CN203505235U publication Critical patent/CN203505235U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
    • Y02P60/21N2O
    • Y02P60/212Reducing the use of fertilizers
    • Y02P60/216Aquaponics or hydroponics

Abstract

The utility model provides a balcony planting device and an assembly. The balcony planting device is divided into two parts, an open planting device frame supporting various irrigation methods and various planting devices supported by the frame. The planting device frame comprises one or more planting device units, a recovery container (15), a bracket, an overflow water recoverer, an up-down cycle structure, an intelligence control system and a power system. Each planting device unit comprises a basin body, a water level adjusting device, and a water moss and larva automatic clearing device. The power system comprises a water pump, a water feeding pipe and a solar power supply device. The intelligence control system comprises an intelligence control module (20) and a sensor. The various irrigation methods comprise tide type irrigation, drip irrigation and spray. The various planting methods supported by the frame comprise a grid bracket, a height adjustable tripod, a nursery, a legged flat bottom seedling growing disc, a flat bottom seedling growing disc, a square nutrition plate, a common flower pot, and a field planting basket capable of adjusting inner and outer diameters.

Description

A kind of balcony planting device and assembly

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of plant cultivation technology, relate in particular to three-dimensional cultivation technique without soil field, particularly relate to a kind of balcony planting device and assembly, containing the water planting container of supporting multiple irrigation method, water level control apparatus and water level control method, liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water, discharging device etc. overflows, in growing vegetables or hydroponic flowers plantation, adopt " a kind of balcony planting device and assembly " technology, to form " the planting unit framework " of the open multiple irrigation method of support, shelf under this planting unit framework, water planting container, water level control apparatus, water recovery apparatus, coupling degree between water delivery device is very low, can realize the support to multiple planting patterns, simple to operate, cost still less.

Background technology

Balcony kind flower and vegetables, have following objective condition restriction or demand:

Except attic, the sunlight of most balconies is side-irradiations;

Plant flower, plant bud dish, plant vegetables, if three kinds are planted simultaneously, learn threshold high, management is inconvenient;

In water planting situation, the vegetable variety of kind differs, and root is also different, causes draft to differ; The vegetables of different growing stages, the draft of root is also inconsistent, so the water level of water planting container needs to adjust;

The plant of planting is at home varied, and container is also varied, and the plantation platform of an opening can better adapt to plant at home;

Balcony is a part at home, and planting tool is attractive in appearance, and daily cleaning will facilitate;

Balcony space is little, and grower wishes to adjust flexibly plantation acupuncture point, can make full use of space like this, plants more vegetables;

The vegetables of balcony planting person plantation are of all shapes and colors, and the vegetables height of different cultivars differs, and need to adjust the device of floor height;

Balcony planting person is generally layman, has a learning process, simultaneously more lazy, and in planting process, hope can easily be adjusted floor height and adjust, and daily arranging also requires conveniently.

Family plantation, insufficient light, needs light filling, needs the volume of device little but not large simultaneously.

Current balcony solid growth, is divided into the solid growth of many columns shelf and the solid growth of single column shelf.

For the solid growth of many columns shelf, growing surface has pipeline type, also has container (vat) type.

Pipeline type be perforate on pipeline, in order to meet all vegetative period of vegetables, be characterized in, the interval of planting between plant hole is relatively large, plantation amount is relatively few, only supports a kind of planting patterns simultaneously.

Container (vat) type has a large growing surface, owing to being used for suitability for industrialized production, need in a container, not plant various plants simultaneously, and planting plants is single, causes water level to be fixed, and does not need to adjust at any time; Due to large-scale production, quantity of circulating water is large again, and individual layer is produced, and tide irrigation system wherein does not adopt siphon or magnetic valve to change water level, and directly with water pump, extracts; For multilayer situation, in order to reduce working strength, the interval of planting between plant hole is large, and interlayer interval is fixed; Again because suitability for industrialized production reason, quantity of circulating water is large, so its recovery method that overflows water is to be transported to lower one deck water planting container or returnable by airtight conduit, coupling Du Taigao between each building block of system, adjust inconvenient, be that shelf post and interlayer are completely fixed, after installation, can not increase again the number of plies, adjust floor height also inconvenient; Grow seedlings and separately carry out with plant development.

For the solid growth of single column shelf, perforate from the side or fluting, a supported matrix is cultivated a kind of planting patterns, does not therefore need water level regulatory function; Planting container is directly superimposed up and down, and planting container cannot freely take out and put back at all; For balcony planting, the sunlight of most balconies always irradiates from the side, and the solid growth of single column always has one side to shine less than sunlight.

Utility model content

Technical problem underlying to be solved in the utility model is:

The utility model is for the defect existing in prior art or deficiency, a kind of balcony planting device and assembly of opening are provided, the planting unit unit of multiple irrigation method provides support, realize the opening of plantation platform, facilitate different cultivars vegetables and spend the different demands to water level, more taking into account the mixed planting of flower, bud dish, matrix vegetables; Liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water are provided, simplify maintenance work, support open; Provide and overflow apparatus for recovering, reduce coupling degree; Fill light system is provided; Provide a kind of flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin, convenient flower, bud dish, matrix vegetables mixed planting (family is peculiar); A kind of square nutrition sheet is provided, reduces the nutrient concentration of liquid; With the tripod of adjustment height, provide and plant flexibly acupuncture point, conveniently in same layer water planting container, plant different flowers and vegetables; The field planting basket of additional a kind of adjustable diameter and external diameter.

The total technical conceive of the utility model is:

Balcony planting device is divided into two large divisions, the multiple planting patterns that the planting unit framework of the open multiple irrigation method of support and framework are supported.

Planting unit framework comprises one or more planting units unit, returnable (15), and shelf, overflows water recovery method, upper and lower loop structure, intelligence control system, dynamical system (water pump system);

Planting unit unit (supporting water planting container and the manufacture method of multiple irrigation method) comprises basin body, water level control apparatus and water level control method (containing Static adjust method and dynamic regulating method), liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water;

Dynamical system (water pump system) comprises water pump, flow pipe, solar power supply apparatus or city's piezoelectric transformer;

Intelligence control system comprises intelligent control module (20) and sensor.

Multiple irrigation method comprises tidal irrigation, drip irrigation, spray;

The multiple planting patterns of supporting on framework comprises grid beam, height-adjustable tripod, nutritive cube, the flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin, flat seedling-cultivating tray, square nutrition sheet, common flowerpot, the field planting basket of adjustable diameter and external diameter etc.;

In a word, by planting unit framework and the multiple planting patterns of supporting on framework, form a set of relative complete balcony planting equipment, and form a set of solution and relevant device manufacture method.

Separately, in order to guarantee the water quality under open platform and the destruction that prevents pernicious miscellaneous bacteria, in cycle water, increase the shelter of beneficial bacterium and beneficial bacterium, in matrix, increase profitable strain, in water, increase baton round or potsherd that beneficial bacterium is taken shelter; Or increase a filter, in device, contain baton round or potsherd and profitable strain.

About open planting unit unit

Basin body

Basin body is exactly described water planting container, is large opening or basin type opening, and its opening profile can be square or rectangle or circular or fan-like pattern or polygon, or pipe tangent plane type, or much passes.

Water level control apparatus

Water level control apparatus is containing the device of water level Static adjust method and water level dynamic regulating method;

Water level control apparatus comprises that water level controls conduit (3), fine setting conduit or be a kind ofly with siphonal conduit, or in the lower end of " water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit ", magnetic valve is installed;

Water level is controlled conduit

Water level is controlled the bottom that conduit (3) is arranged on water planting container (basin type), both in the bottom of water planting container, opened a hole, in hole, fill a water level and control conduit, as Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, conduit outer wall and perforate inwall form hermetically-sealed construction, form the overfall of water in basin body, in order further to improve the amplitude that regulates water level, the top that water level is controlled conduit can maintain an equal level with the inner bottom surface of water planting container, by fine setting conduit, regulates water level; Water level is controlled the outside that conduit (3) can also be arranged on light water culture container, mode 4, as Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, both at lateral opening hole and water level of increase of water planting container, controlled conduit (3), the water planting chamber wall (1) of water level control conduit (3) and tapping is superimposed, form superimposed wall, the same overfall that forms water in basin body, in order further to improve the amplitude that regulates water level, can increase at superimposed wall place serial hole (9), the inner bottom surface height of Kong Keyu water planting container approaches, and by fine setting conduit, regulates water level.

Fine setting conduit

At water level, control and on the inwall of conduit (3), increase fine setting conduit (silicone tube or with pipe or the pipe+silica gel ring of fold line), slide up and down the fine setting conduit of socket, can change the vertical height that water overflows.The fine setting conduit of socket is pipe (as the outlet pipe of washing machine) or the silicone tube with fold line, with the pipe of fold line or the diameter of silicone tube, there is collapsible and expansion characteristics, facilitate fine setting conduit at water level, to control on the wall of conduit (3) and slide up and down, keep seal simultaneously.

A kind ofly be with siphonal conduit

A kind of conduit that produces tidal action, comprise conduit (fine setting conduit) and siphon pipe, it is characterized in that: the current that have circulation, in conduit, increase a reversed J shape siphon pipe, siphon pipe is flexible, allow siphonal extreme higher position lower than the water level that overflows of conduit (fine setting conduit), on the tube wall of conduit mouth top, have circular trough or hole, siphon pipe snaps in or inserts in circular trough or hole; Or conduit and siphon pipe are merged into a morning and evening tides pipe, and be directly socketed in water level and control on the inwall of conduit (3), at the tube head of morning and evening tides pipe, add a filtering head; Or conduit and siphon pipe are installed separately; Conduit can be that water level is controlled conduit or fine setting conduit or guiding gutter or water conservancy diversion notch.

The magnetic valve that install " water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit " lower end

Magnetic valve is installed in lower end at " water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit ", by control circuit or level sensor, is controlled.

Water level control method (Principles of Regulation of water level control apparatus): it is plant water supply that the Static adjust method of water level is provided, provides the optimum balance between breathing that the dynamic regulating method of water level reaches root, water, nutrient.

The Static adjust method of water level is:

At water level, control on conduit (3) and be socketed again and finely tune conduit (5), allowing fine setting conduit at water level, control on the wall of conduit (3) slides up and down, thereby change the vertical height that water overflows, the length that also can change the fine setting conduit of socket realizes the further adjusting to water level, as Fig. 1 and Fig. 2;

The dynamic regulating method of water level is:

Water supply effect about tidal type:

In order to allow water level there is morning and evening tides effect, I have expected " Nine-dragon cup-justice cup " principle, with reference to justice cup (Nine-dragon cup) principle, at water level, control conduit or/and add " reversed J shape " siphon pipe in fine setting conduit, " reversed J shape " siphonal one in basin body, one through finely tuning conduit outside basin body, water level is controlled the merging height of conduit+fine setting conduit lower than the basin edge of water planting container, " reversed J shape " siphonal peak is controlled the height after conduit+fine setting conduit merges lower than water level again, under the effect of cycle water, when water covers " reversed J shape " siphonal peak, trigger siphon, water level starts to reduce, when water level is low, cross in basin body after " reversed J shape " siphonal tube head, siphonage stops, cycle water arrives again, and water is accumulated again, siphon again, and siphonage stops again, so do not stop repetition, form the morning and evening tides effect needing, when putting into the flowerpot of carrying substrates in water planting container, tidal action directly promotes matrix or soil carries out the exchange of air, water, nutrient, and root will obtain good growing environment.(" inverted U-shaped " pipe that traditional hydroponic device is used, two head is all in water, its peak exceeds basin edge)

The altitude range of morning and evening tides:

" reversed J shape " siphonal peak is " dynamically peak level ", and the height in container between " reversed J shape " siphon pipe tube head and container bottom is " dynamically lowest water level ", and the difference in height between them is " height of morning and evening tides ";

Separately can also regulate the height of " reversed J shape " siphon pipe tube head in container further to regulate " dynamically lowest water level ".

Specific practice:

A kind of method that produces tidal action, comprise conduit (water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit) and reversed J shape siphon pipe, it is characterized in that: on pipe inner wall, increase a siphon pipe, when conduit becomes capwise, its Local map is as Figure 18, on the tube wall of conduit top, open a groove or hole, in this groove or hole, snap in or insert again a siphon pipe, a siphonal part is pressed close to the inwall of conduit, head is outside basin body, siphonal another part is pressed close to the outer wall of conduit, head is in basin body, when water overflows by conduit, its liquid level can exceed siphon pipe, naturally trigger siphonage, the current that add cocycle, form tidal action, when conduit becomes level to move towards, siphon pipe be close to duct wall or allow siphon pipe and duct wall be integrated, pressing close to siphonal duct wall down, when water overflows by conduit, its liquid level can exceed siphon pipe, naturally triggers siphonage, the current that add cocycle, form tidal action, it is double-tube-diversion that conduit adds siphonal benefit, and after siphon pipe is blocked, device can also continue operation, and water can be from basin along overflowing.

Conduit can be that water level is controlled conduit or fine setting conduit or guiding gutter or water conservancy diversion notch, and guiding gutter is equal to pipe inner wall;

Fine setting conduit and siphon pipe can be merged into a morning and evening tides pipe, directly being socketed in water level controls on the inwall of conduit (3), in order to prevent that the tube head of morning and evening tides pipe is plugged, at the tube head of morning and evening tides pipe, add a filtering head (or screen pack or spring do screen pack), morning and evening tides pipe can slide up and down on water level is controlled the inwall of conduit (3), realize the Static adjust of water level, siphon pipe is realized the dynamic adjustments of water level; Or conduit and siphon pipe are installed separately, by siphon pipe, realized the dynamic adjustments of water level, conduit is after siphon pipe is blocked, and assurance device can also continue operation.

A kind of method that produces tidal action, magnetic valve is installed in lower end at " water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit ", or at water planting container bottom tapping, magnetic valve is installed, as Figure 19,20, magnetic valve is in normally off, after water pump supplies water, magnetic valve postpones to open, and causes the water level in water planting container first to raise and reduce afterwards, utilizes the time difference to realize tidal action, in multilayer situation, from the superiors to orlop, postpone in order opening and closing; Or/and increase a level sensor in water planting container, when water level reaches the height of level sensor setting, trigger magnetic valve and open, time delay is closed after a period of time automatically, realizes equally tidal action; Or/and increase on magnetic valve limit, water level is controlled conduit or/and fine setting conduit is realized double-tube-diversion again, and when magnetic valve goes wrong, the water level of increase controls conduit or/and the water that fine setting conduit can water conservancy diversion overflows prevents the malfunctioning problem of bringing of magnetic valve.

Liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water:

Bottom in water planting container increases the muscle of unidirectional horizontal bar or longitudinal rib or circumference type, this horizontal bar does not from left to right run through, be that article one horizontal bar is connected to along basin body bottom surface from a left side near right place, do not run through, second horizontal bar is connected to from the right side near left place, does not run through, and alternately repeats, the channel that horizontal bar surrounds is as continuous " Z-shaped " channel or groove, as shown in Figure 5.The fence of the railway station ENTRANCE of principle during as spring transportation, " fence type " channel is covered with whole container bottom, can make overlapping " Z-shaped " or " U font " or " circumference type " or " UZ is combined " channel, reach water circulation and there is no dead angle, the flow direction and the flow width of water have been retrained simultaneously, improve the kinetic energy of unit are flowing water in channel, the impurity of realizing in water can flow to along channel the object of lower layer of water culture container, the water that upper water culture container overflows is after lower layer of water culture container, can be along the circulation of " fence type " channel, from overfall, overflow again, until be aggregated into returnable, cleaning work automatically completes in circulation, growing of mosquito and accumulating of liver moss have been prevented simultaneously, in order to improve the ability of carrying impurity, can also allow channel bottom dented, at the bottom of being triangled tip type or camber, in order to increase flow velocity, also can increase the high low head of channel bottom.

Gather liver moss and larva automatic cleaning method in basin body, water level control apparatus, water level control method, water, form open planting unit unit, container that can the multiple planting patterns of carrying, with other assembly combine form a multilayer, can carry the platform of multiple planting patterns.

Support the water planting container of multiple irrigation method can be called for short water planting container; Water level control apparatus is the device that contains water level Static adjust method and water level dynamic regulating method; The water planting container that contains water level control apparatus is planting unit unit, or claims the water planting container of regulating level; The water planting container of water planting container and adjustable water level is called for short container or basin body.

Water planting container (planting unit unit) is supported the method for multiple irrigation method

For morning and evening tides mode

Utilize water level to control conduit socket fine setting conduit and support static water level regulative mode, at water level, control in conduit and increase and finely tune conduit, allowing fine setting conduit at water level, control on the wall of conduit (3) slides up and down, thereby change the vertical height that water overflows, regulate water level, as Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, realize and support relatively static water level to regulate; Utilize a kind of conduit that produces tidal action to support morning and evening tides mode, at water level, control conduit or/and increase siphon pipe or siphon pipe function in fine setting conduit, as Figure 18, realize the morning and evening tides mode of supporting, or in the lower end of water level control conduit (3), magnetic valve is installed, and as Figure 19,20, the unlatching of controlling magnetic valve by unlatching sequential or the level sensor of magnetic valve, form morning and evening tides effect, realize the morning and evening tides mode of supporting;

For drip irrigation

Utilize " supporting the water planting container of multiple irrigation method " to collect the unnecessary water of irrigation, the water outlet of while at water-supply-pipe connects one group and many group arrows (drip irrigation appliance), and allows an arrow insert in matrix, realizes and supports drip irrigation; (only supported matrix cultivation)

For sprinkling irrigation mode

Utilize " supporting the water planting container of multiple irrigation method " to collect and irrigate unnecessary water, the water outlet at water-supply-pipe connects one group and many group spray heads (spray equipment) simultaneously, allows spray head aim at cultivation matrix, realizes the sprinkling irrigation mode of supporting.

Support the water planting container of multiple irrigation method not only to support drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation, and do better, utilize water planting container+water level to control the feature that conduit is collected and water is overflowed in constraint, can effectively prevent that in drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation, unnecessary water spills into ground.

Overflow the retracting device of water:

For convenient lower water planting container and the installation water planting container of taking out in working order, need without A/C, to be connected between upper water culture container and lower layer of water culture container, under this background, by upper water culture container and lower layer of water culture container are placed in a vertical plane, with splashproof rope or the guiding of water conservancy diversion rope, overflow water again and naturally flow to lower layer of water culture container from upper strata water level control conduit (3), the water that overflows of realizing without pipeline reclaims; Finally, the water that orlop water planting container overflows flows in returnable (15) naturally.

Also can control conduit (3) with a return pipe and water level is directly connected, guiding water flows to lower layer of water culture container, simultaneously, return pipe with lower layer of water culture container without being fixedly connected with, just put into lower layer of water culture container for one of return pipe, now upper water culture container and lower layer of water culture container need not be in vertical planes.

Little greenhouse or bud dish dark place

In the surrounding on the basin edge of water planting container, increase hook or draw-in groove, the tingle of oriented upper process on draw-in groove, take the girth of water planting container as long, the length that supports shell of column of take is wide (or length of a plurality of support shell of columns), determine a block length square plastic film, on it, the position of corresponding hook or draw-in groove is porose, then plastic foil is hung over to basin along upper, just forms a little greenhouse; Plastic foil is changed into lighttight cloth, just become the dark place of the dish of sprouting; While draw-in groove is water pipe or wire fixedly.

Returnable (15), can do returnable with independent container, also the hole on water planting container can be blocked, and with the water planting container of blocking hole, does returnable (15).

Shelf

Background: the flowers of different flowers or vegetables, different growing stages or vegetables, all have different requirements to space; The sunlight of most balconies is side-irradiations again, in order to allow solar ray energy be irradiated on all vegetables, faces mutually between two-layer water planting container (23) and must have sufficient space.

Existing bamboo is taken over the shelf of doing, supermarket shelves, and 2020,3030 or the shelf done of other aluminium section bar, in a word, conveniently lay planting unit unit (supporting the water planting container of multiple irrigation method) and the shelf of returnable (15) all right.

Balcony vegetable-planting people's feature is that white collar women is in the majority, in order to be applicable to the express transportation mode of balcony vegetable-planting equipment, and the shelf that ad hoc meter one is simplified, as Fig. 5, 6, 15, shown in 16, the water planting container of adjustable water level and layering shelf and dividing plate are become one, both on the limit of water planting container, (on four angles) increased tube seat up and down, then support column is become and supports shell of column (being divided into multistage), with support shell of column, insert respectively the tube seat of water planting container and realize the connection between water planting container, form the balcony planting device of multilayer, benefit is the only remaining shell of columns that support of shelf, smaller volume, weight lightens, convenient transportation, shortcoming is to realize and add layer and subtract layer in the superiors, for this reason, increase the gap of support column lower end and water level container tube seat, so also can freely add layer and subtract layer.

Intelligence control system

Comprise intelligent control module (20) and light-supplementing system,

Intelligent control module (20) also contains sensor, and regularly pump water, controls rest a period of time pump working a period of time, has reduced energy consumption, simultaneously in conjunction with the dynamic regulating method of water level, allows morning and evening tides supply water and more optimizes.Can also or control light-supplementing system according to the signal controlling water pump of sensor or magnetic valve or alarm, as horse back pump water when dissolved oxygen is not enough, as sent alarm when pH value departs from, as controlled light filling intensity according to light sensor.

For light-supplementing system, also need at the water planting container bottom of adjustable water level, increase light compensating lamp and articulate support and installing hole,, when the one-shot forming of water planting container, at its outer bottom, increase a plurality of thrusts with holes, respectively the both sides of close bottom; Thrust slabbing, porose on it, during installation, light compensating lamp to be inserted respectively to (snapping in) and articulate in the hole of support, advantage is that basin body and lamp bracket are integrated, low cost of manufacture, installs more convenient.(during unpowered operation, can there is no intelligent control module.)

Dynamical system (water pump system)

There are two kinds of methods of operation, dynamic operation and unpowered operation;

Dynamic operation: comprise water pump, flow pipe and power supply, during operation, water pump (16) water from the water planting container (23) of returnable (15) the Beng Dao the superiors, in order to accomplish complete green, adopt solar poweredly, in order to reduce the area of solar panel, select small-power membrane pump to carry out pump water, the basin that small-power membrane pump is arranged on water planting container along the basin of upper or returnable along upper (can not be put in water, be packaged into immersible pump can).Certainly also available civilian electric drive immersible pump.

The benefit that adopts small-power membrane pump, can dally for a long time, while or self priming pump.

Unpowered operation: water is delivered to the water planting container (23) of the superiors from returnable (15) by manpower.

About the planting patterns on framework, as Figure 16

Grid beam on water planting container and supporting field planting frame

Obtaining of plantation acupuncture point: traditional approach is that perforate obtains on sheet material, and its position, acupuncture point is fixed, and can not adjust, and space availability ratio is low.In order to plant more flower or vegetables, in order to alleviate the workload of vegetables different growing stages, suggestion obtains plantation acupuncture point with grid beam (22), and each grid is exactly a plantation acupuncture point.

During use, first use field planting frame (or the name showy postures of martial arts or name protect colored baby) fixedly flowers or vegetables, then the field planting frame (24) that fixes vegetables is placed on grid.

(field planting frame: the field planting frame that has adopted " internal diameter control method and external diameter regulate fixing means and field planting basket " technology)

In order further to regulate the position relationship of plant and water level, can utilize the water planting container of adjustable water level to regulate water level, can also realize the adjusting to plant and water level position relationship by the method for lifting grid beam.

A kind of grid beam of adjustable vertical height, as Figure 10, comprise horizontal net screen work, screw bolt and nut structure, it is characterized in that: welding or clamping nut or nut structure on the edge, surrounding of grid beam, in nut, pack again the part of bolt or bolt arrangement into, groove on bolt aligning water planting vessel port edge or the end in water planting container,, by rotating or carrying and fall the lifting of bolt realization to grid beam.

Height-adjustable tripod on water planting container and supporting field planting frame

In order to adjust more easily plantation interval and density, can obtain plantation acupuncture point with tripod, as Figure 17, then place field planting frame on the plantation acupuncture point forming at tripod; In order to regulate the height of tripod, can increase hole at the sole of tripod, in the time need to increasing the height of tripod, can in hole, insert toothpick or sign shape thing, naturally just improved the height of tripod.

Nutritive cube on field planting frame

In the centre of cavernous body or other substrate blocks, open a plurality of holes, as Figure 14, increase the hole that can put fertilizer and put seed.

During use, the nutritive cube that sponge or matrix are done is filled in field planting frame, and cavernous body middle part is tightened up by field planting frame, and just can put into plant seed or fertilizer (or slow-release fertilizer) this time in hole.Owing to starting to plant from seed, can save the transplantation of seedlings cultivating to the workflow on field planting basket.Can also open along sponge nutritive cube centre bore to cavernous body edge a slit, the convenient seedling of directly putting in centre bore.

A kind of flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin on water planting container

Household vegetable-planting can not plant vegetables as factory, what is all deep bid, for convenient, pluck and (the seedling-cultivating tray mess of multiple cropping at once, pluck a dish, one dish of multiple cropping at once), the flat seedling-cultivating tray that needs small size, in order to allow this flat seedling-cultivating tray can be " basin type opening together with other planting patternss, the water planting container of adjustable water level " middle mixed planting, need a kind of flat seedling-cultivating tray that have a pin to adapt to the water level of other planting patternss, in the bottom of flat seedling-cultivating tray, increase a plurality of pin, as Figure 13, in order further to reduce transportation volume, column pin can be become to dismountable pin, both in the bottom of flat seedling-cultivating tray, increased hole slot, column pin is separated, the cross-sectional sizes of column pin and hole slot cross section is in the same size simultaneously, or in the bottom of flat seedling-cultivating tray, increase again the hole of multiple diameter, facilitate column pin selection (after column pin fractures, can be easily with other column or sign shape thing and replace).

Square nutrition sheet on flat seedling-cultivating tray

While planting bud dish, in order to reduce the fertilizer concentration of water planting solution, need to increase a square nutrition sheet, square nutrition sheet can just cover the bottom surface of flat seedling-cultivating tray, square nutrition sheet is pressed into by the matrix of solid, the fertilizer, matrix, the reticulated that wherein contain plant needs, its altitude feature becomes flat type, plane characteristic becomes polygon (square or rectangle), in plane, also have concave point, facilitate seed to fix, when cultivating bud dish, only seed need to be placed on square nutrition sheet to the bud dish that can turn out with clear water.

Flat seedling-cultivating tray

Owing to having " Z-shaped " channel or groove, flat seedling-cultivating tray or flowerpot can be placed directly on " Z-shaped " channel or groove.

Complete balcony soilless planting device

As Fig. 7, 8, 11, 12, balcony planting device contains planting unit unit, shelf (13) (fixed mount), returnable (15), water pump (16), water-supply-pipe (17), intelligent control module (20), first on shelf, there is layering shelf (11), planting unit unit is placed on the layering shelf (11) of different aspects of shelf, at the bottom of returnable (15) is placed on shelf, the planting unit unit of different aspects and returnable (15) are connected by water conservancy diversion rope or return pipe, water pump (16) is placed on basin along in upper or returnable, intelligent control module (20) timing controlled or the running of pressing the information control water pump of sensor (18), what between adjacent planting unit unit, be not fixedly connected with overflows water guiding device (not having mutually fixing conduit to connect between culture container) near water, one end water pump (16) of water-supply-pipe (17), the other end is in the planting unit unit of the superiors or connect drip irrigation appliance or spray equipment.

When morning and evening tides mode is moved, in water level control conduit (3) in planting unit unit, there are fine setting conduit or water level control apparatus, water pump (16) water from the water planting container (23) of returnable (15) the Beng Dao the superiors, when water level exceeds delay time point or the level sensor triggering magnetic valve that siphonal peak or time surpass magnetic valve, water is controlled conduit from water level and is overflowed, and by Action of Gravity Field, flows to lower floor's planting unit unit; In lower floor's planting unit unit, when water level exceeds the delay time point that siphonal peak or time surpass magnetic valve, water is controlled conduit from water level and is again overflowed, by Action of Gravity Field, flow to again the planting unit unit of lower floor, finally be pooled to returnable (15), complete a nonocclusive circulation up and down, form a non-closed cycle system; This nonocclusive upper and lower circulatory system can support a plurality of planting units unit and support multiple implantation methods, as Figure 16.

During drip irrigation operation, at the water outlet of the water-supply-pipe of water pump, connect one group and many groups and drip arrows (drip irrigation appliance), drip arrow and insert potted flower or potted plant crop, water pump (16) water from returnable (15) pump to dripping arrow, unnecessary water is controlled conduit from water level and is overflowed, downward layer by layer, is finally aggregated in returnable (15), complete a nonocclusive circulation up and down, form a non-closed cycle system.

When spray mode is moved, water outlet at the water-supply-pipe of water pump connects one group and many group spray heads (spray equipment), allow spray head aim at cultivation matrix, water pump (16) water from returnable (15) pump to spray head, unnecessary water is controlled conduit from water level and is overflowed, downward layer by layer, be finally aggregated in returnable (15).

In order to save the energy, water pump is controlled by intelligent control module, Based Intelligent Control mould contains timing intelligent control module, level switch, energy is pump water regularly, prevent dry pump water, can also have pH value detector, dissolved oxygen detector, can send warning information, when oxygen in water is not enough, automatic pump water.

Returnable can have filter in (15); Returnable can also have dissolving basket in (15), and some solid matters that need to dissolve are placed on wherein, slowly dissolves, and prevents from not having the solid matter dissolving directly to enter returnable (15), causes damaging water pump; On shelf post or water planting container outer bottom have light compensating lamp hanger support, on it, light compensating lamp can be installed.

The total technical scheme of the utility model is:

Balcony planting device and an assembly, comprise following part:

(A) balcony planting device and assembly, comprise the planting patterns assembly that " planting unit framework " associated component and " planting unit framework " are supported, planting unit framework associated component comprises: " planting unit unit " assembly, overflow the retracting device of water, shelf, control system, dynamical system flexibly; " planting unit unit " assembly comprises liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in basin body, water level control apparatus, water; The planting patterns assembly that " planting unit framework " supported comprises a kind of the have flat seedling-cultivating tray of pin, flat seedling-cultivating tray, a kind of height-adjustable tripod, square nutrition sheet, nutritive cube, grid beam, field planting frame, flowerpot, last common form a multiple planting patterns can plantation platform miscegenation plantation, open;

(B) combination of planting unit framework, planting unit framework contains planting unit unit, shelf (13), returnable (15), water pump (16), water-supply-pipe (17), intelligent control module (20), dynamical system, wherein " planting unit unit " is placed on the layering shelf (11) of different aspects of shelf, at the bottom of returnable (15) is placed on shelf, " planting unit unit " and the returnable (15) of different aspects are connected by water conservancy diversion rope or return pipe, water pump (16) is placed on basin along in upper or returnable, intelligent control module (20) timing controlled or the information of pressing sensor (18) are controlled water pump or/and the running of magnetic valve, what between adjacent " planting unit unit ", be not fixedly connected with overflows water guiding device, one end water pump (16) of water-supply-pipe (17), the other end is in the planting unit unit of the superiors or connect drip irrigation appliance or spray equipment, in planting unit unit, put into again height-adjustable tripod, grid beam, field planting frame, the nutritive cube of supporting water planting, or/and put into flat seedling-cultivating tray, the flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin, square nutrition sheet, the flowerpot of supporting that bud colza is planted, or/and put into the flowerpot of supporting earth culture or substrate culture, realize multiple planting patterns and cultivate in same container (planting unit unit) simultaneously,

(C) in matrix, increase profitable strain, in water, increase baton round or potsherd that beneficial bacterium is taken shelter; Or increase a filter, in device, contain baton round or potsherd and profitable strain;

(D) the planting unit unit of " planting unit framework " (supporting the water planting container of multiple irrigation method) comprises basin body, water level control apparatus, liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water;

(a) basin body is exactly described water planting container, is large opening or basin type opening, and its opening profile can be square or rectangle or circular or fan-like pattern or polygon, or pipe tangent plane type; On the overfall of its water, water level control apparatus can be installed, basin body inner bottom surface can have liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water;

Basin body is supported little greenhouse or bud dish dark place, in the surrounding on the basin edge of water planting container, increase hook or draw-in groove, the tingle of oriented upper process on draw-in groove, take the girth of water planting container as long, take support shell of column length as wide, determine a block length square plastic film, it on corresponding link up with or the position of draw-in groove porose, then plastic foil is hung over to basin along upper, just form a little greenhouse; Plastic foil is changed into lighttight cloth, just become the dark place of the dish of sprouting; While draw-in groove is water pipe or wire fixedly.

Basin body support articulates light compensating lamp or articulates spray head, both at basin body outer bottom, can increase projection with holes; Or/and increase hole on the basin edge of water planting container, membrane pump is installed; Or/and increase wheel installing hole in the tube seat on four angles of water planting container; Or/and increase the fixedly draw-in groove of water pipe and the draw-in groove of fixing cord on container outer.

(b) water level control apparatus comprises that water level controls conduit (3), fine setting conduit or be a kind ofly with siphonal conduit, or in the lower end of " water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit ", magnetic valve is installed;

On the inwall of water level control conduit (3), increase fine setting conduit, slide up and down the fine setting conduit of socket, can change the vertical height that water overflows; The fine setting conduit of socket is pipe or the silicone tube with fold line.

A kind ofly be with siphonal conduit, a kind of conduit that produces tidal action, comprise conduit (fine setting conduit) and siphon pipe, it is characterized in that: the current that have circulation, in conduit, increase a reversed J shape siphon pipe, siphon pipe is flexible, allows the overflow water level of siphonal extreme higher position lower than conduit (fine setting conduit), on the tube wall of conduit mouth top, have circular trough or hole, siphon pipe snaps in or inserts in circular trough or hole; Or conduit and siphon pipe are merged into a morning and evening tides pipe, and be directly socketed in water level and control on the inwall of conduit (3), at the tube head of morning and evening tides pipe, add a filtering head; Or conduit and siphon pipe are installed separately.

Magnetic valve is installed in lower end at " water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit ".

(c) liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water, overlapping " Z-shaped or U font or circumference type or UZ the are combined " channel that is covered with " fence type " at basin bottom, reach water circulation and there is no dead angle, the flow direction and flow width with this channel constraint water, increased the kinetic energy of unit are flowing water in channel, for improving, carry the ability of impurity, or/and make channel bottom dented, at the bottom of being triangled tip type or camber; Or/and allow channel bottom have high low head.

(E) retracting device that overflows water of " planting unit framework ", upper water culture container (23) is connected without fixing conduit with in the middle of lower layer of water culture container (23), both with splashproof rope or water conservancy diversion rope or return pipe guiding, overflow water and control conduit (3) and naturally flow in lower layer of water culture container from upper strata water level, that realizes that nothing is fixedly connected with overflows water recovery;

(F) shelf of " planting unit framework ", can lay the shelf of planting unit unit and returnable (15);

(G) returnable of " planting unit framework ", has filter in container;

(H) control system of " planting unit framework ", comprises intelligent control module (20) and sensor (18), and regularly pump water is or/and control magnetic valve, or sends pH value and depart from alarm;

(I) dynamical system of " planting unit framework ", comprises water pump (16), water-supply-pipe (17), solar energy system or city's piezoelectric transformer; Can select small-power membrane pump (immersible pump) to carry out pump water, the basin that small-power membrane pump is arranged on water planting container is along the basin of upper or returnable along upper.

(J) the planting patterns assembly that " planting unit framework " supported comprises:

(a) there is a flat seedling-cultivating tray for pin, comprise flat seedling-cultivating tray and column pin, it is characterized in that: card is little the pin of having tried to get to the heart of a matter; Or the pin of flat seedling-cultivating tray can be separated with flat seedling-cultivating tray, it is fixing that its bottom has the fixedly hole slot of column pin, column pin directly to insert in hole slot; Or/and the hole of multiple diameter is arranged at the bottom of flat seedling-cultivating tray, facilitate the fixing of multiple diameter column pin; Or/and adjust the height of flat seedling-cultivating tray by inserting the column pin of different length;

(b) a height-adjustable tripod, comprises ring on tripod and the pin on tripod, it is characterized in that tripod can have a plurality of pin, and the bottom of pin is porose, while regulating height, needs insert in hole under foot toothpick or signs shape thing;

(c) a square nutrition sheet, comprises fertilizer, solid matrix and reticulated, it is characterized in that highly becoming thin flat type, plane squarely or rectangle or polygon;

(d) nutritive cube, comprises trophosome and hole, it is characterized in that: trophosome is sponge or matrix, has the hole of a plurality of minor diameters in cavernous body or matrix, or/and sponge nutritive cube centre bore has a slit to cavernous body edge;

A kind of siphonal conduit (water level control apparatus) of being with, a kind of conduit that produces tidal action, comprise conduit (fine setting conduit) and siphon pipe, it is characterized in that: the current that have circulation, in conduit, increase a reversed J shape siphon pipe, siphon pipe is flexible, allows the overflow water level of siphonal extreme higher position lower than conduit (fine setting conduit), on the tube wall of conduit mouth top, have circular trough or hole, siphon pipe snaps in or inserts in circular trough or hole; Or conduit and siphon pipe are merged into a morning and evening tides pipe, and be directly socketed in water level and control on the inwall of conduit (3), at the tube head of morning and evening tides pipe, add a filtering head; Or conduit and siphon pipe are installed separately.

Liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in a kind of water, it is characterized in that: overlapping " Z-shaped or U font or circumference type or UZ the are combined " channel that is covered with " fence type " at basin bottom, reach water circulation and there is no dead angle, the flow direction and flow width with this channel constraint water, increased the kinetic energy of unit are flowing water in channel, for improving, carry the ability of impurity, or/and make channel bottom dented, at the bottom of being triangled tip type or camber; Or/and allow channel bottom have high low head.

A kind of water planting container (planting unit unit) of supporting multiple irrigation method, comprise water planting container and water level control conduit, it is characterized in that: on the bottom of water planting container or wall, open a hole, in hole, fill water level and control conduit, water level control conduit can be socketed fine setting conduit or a kind of be with siphonal conduit or under connect magnetic valve.

About this kind of water planting container (planting unit unit) of supporting multiple irrigation method, it is characterized in that: at water level, control socket fine setting conduit in conduit, the fine setting conduit of socket is pipe or the silicone tube with fold line, with the pipe of fold line or the diameter of silicone tube, there is collapsible and expansion characteristics, facilitate fine setting conduit at water level, to control on the wall of conduit (3) and slide up and down, keep seal simultaneously.

About this kind of water planting container (planting unit unit) of supporting multiple irrigation method, it is characterized in that: at water level, control in conduit and be socketed a kind of siphonal conduit of being with, both in conduit, increased a reversed J shape siphon pipe, siphon pipe is flexible, allow the overflow water level of siphonal extreme higher position lower than conduit, on the tube wall of conduit mouth top, have circular trough or hole, siphon pipe snaps in or inserts in circular trough or hole; Or conduit and siphon pipe are merged into a morning and evening tides pipe, and be directly socketed in water level and control on the inwall of conduit (3), at the tube head of morning and evening tides pipe, add a filtering head; Or conduit and siphon pipe are installed separately.

About this kind of water planting container (planting unit unit) of supporting multiple irrigation method, it is characterized in that: at water level, control sleeved electric magnetic valve type water-level control apparatus in conduit, at water level, control the lower installation magnetic valve of conduit (3), magnetic valve is in normally off, after water pump supplies water, magnetic valve postpones to open, and the Ji Cong the superiors, to the opening and closing of orlop sequential delays, utilize the time difference to realize tidal action; Or/and increase a level sensor in water planting container, when water level reaches the height of level sensor setting, trigger magnetic valve and open, time delay is closed after a period of time automatically, realizes equally tidal action; Or/and increase water level on magnetic valve limit, control conduit and fine setting conduit again, realize double-tube-diversion, when magnetic valve goes wrong, the water level of increase is controlled the water that conduit can water conservancy diversion overflows, and prevents the malfunctioning problem of bringing of magnetic valve.

About this kind of water planting container (planting unit unit) of supporting multiple irrigation method, it is characterized in that: in container interior bottom surface, increase " Z-shaped or U font or circumference type or UZ are combined " channel or groove; Or/and increase projection with holes at container outer bottom, increase light compensating lamp and articulate support, support also can be used to articulate spray head; Or/and increase hole on the basin edge of water planting container, membrane pump is installed; Or/and increase wheel installing hole in the tube seat on four angles of water planting container; Or/and increase the fixedly draw-in groove of water pipe and the draw-in groove of fixing cord on container outer, on draw-in groove, also can hang plastic foil or cloth, form little greenhouse or bud dish dark place.

A kind ofly support the water planting container (planting unit unit) of multiple irrigation method can use plastics or potter's clay or metal or composite manufacture.

A flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin, comprises flat seedling-cultivating tray and column pin, it is characterized in that: card is little the pin of having tried to get to the heart of a matter; Or the pin of flat seedling-cultivating tray can be separated with flat seedling-cultivating tray, both the fixedly hole slot of column pin was arranged at the bottom of flat seedling-cultivating tray, and column pin directly inserts in hole slot fixing; Can adjust by inserting the column pin of different length the height of flat seedling-cultivating tray.

A height-adjustable tripod, comprises ring on tripod and the pin on tripod, it is characterized in that tripod can have a plurality of pin, and the bottom of pin is porose, while regulating height, needs insert in hole under foot toothpick or signs shape thing.

A square nutrition sheet, comprises fertilizer, solid matrix and reticulated, it is characterized in that highly becoming thin flat type, plane squarely or rectangle.

Technique effect of the present utility model is as follows:

Planting unit unit is water planting container+water level control apparatus+" Z-shaped or U font or circumference type or UZ are combined " channel or groove of supporting multiple irrigation method;

Shelf, by having sufficient space between planting unit unit, allow each strain flower or vegetables can obtain the irradiation of sunlight;

Planting unit unit can regulate water level, can in the draft of different growing stages root, regulate water level according to vegetables, also can automatically realize morning and evening tides and supply water, and root can be breathed more freely;

There is " Z-shaped or U font or circumference type " channel or groove planting unit unit, controls the flow direction and the width of water, allows cleaning work automatically realize in circulation;

Pipeline is few, and whole balcony planting device seems more succinct, more attractive in appearance, more easy cleaning.

Adopt the tripod of adjustment height to obtain plantation acupuncture point, with layer, can plant different flowers and vegetables.

Sponge nutritive cube, saves the transplantation of seedlings that cultivates to the workflow on field planting basket;

The flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin, can all pluck a dish at once, then one dish of multiple cropping at once;

Square nutrition sheet, can reduce the concentration of nutrient solution, and summer, water was just not easy smellyly, and bud dish can also be looked better;

Shelf can increase easily layering shelf and take out layering shelf, can freely adjust the interval between layering shelf, what between container, be not fixedly connected with overflows water return pipe, and the planting unit unit of aspect can freely take out and playback arbitrarily, and circulatory system coupling degree is low.

Lacked section of tubing, cost, whole device is easy for installation, simultaneously also more attractive in appearance.

Application scheme for the industrialization production of flowers and plants: adopt planting unit unit, will reduce energy resource consumption and a lot of workload.

Adopt profitable strain mode, can allow open plantation platform safer.

The morning and evening tides way of supplying water of planting unit unit can be supported the multiple types of rearing such as water planting, earth culture, substrate culture, the two trainings of water and soil, germination dish simultaneously.The construction of vegetables science popularization pipe is also supported in planting unit unit.

In a word, between associated component, coupling degree is very low, and the flower of different root systems and vegetables can grow in same layer planting unit unit, in very little area, for fan provides maximum varieties of plant, selects space.Profile is more attractive in appearance, and cleaning is convenient, can meet beginner's learning process simultaneously.

accompanying drawing explanation

A kind of water level of Fig. 1 is controlled the perspective view of the water planting container of conduit in water planting container

A kind of water level of Fig. 2 is controlled the oblique end view of the water planting container of conduit in water planting container

A kind of water level of Fig. 3 is controlled the oblique end view of the water planting container of conduit outside water planting container

A kind of water level of Fig. 4 is controlled the perspective view of the water planting container of conduit outside water planting container

The oblique view that the water planting container of Fig. 5 adjustable water level and layering shelf and dividing plate are made of one

The end view that the water planting container of Fig. 6 adjustable water level and layering shelf and dividing plate are made of one

The oblique end view of Fig. 7 balcony planting device (containing fixing shelf on the wall)

The oblique front view of Fig. 8 balcony planting device (containing fixing shelf on the wall)

The field planting basket of Fig. 9 planting vegetable

The grid beam of the adjustable vertical height of Figure 10

The oblique end view of Figure 11 balcony planting device (containing the shelf of supporting oneself)

The oblique front view of Figure 12 balcony planting device (containing the shelf of supporting oneself)

Figure 13 has the flat seedling-cultivating tray of pin

The perspective view of Figure 14 sponge nutritive cube

The oblique view of the balcony device that Figure 15 is comprised of the water planting container that contains the adjustable water level of layering shelf and dividing plate function

The end view of the balcony device that Figure 16 is comprised of the water planting container that contains the adjustable water level of layering shelf and dividing plate function

The oblique view of Figure 17 tripod

The profile of Figure 18 hydrocone type water level adjusting device

The profile of Figure 19 electromagnetic type water level control apparatus

Figure 20 finely tunes the profile of conduit+electromagnetic type water level control apparatus

Number in the figure explanation

Chamber wall 2 water levels of 1 water planting container are controlled conduit lower end 3 water levels and are controlled (soft) conduit

4 splashproof rope 5 fine setting conduit 9 series of apertures

Serial perforate on the layering shelf 12 shelf support columns of 10 shelf support column (frame) 11 shelf

13 shelf 14 wall 15 returnable

16 water pump 17 water-supply-pipe 18 sensors

19 wire 20 intelligent control module 21 tapses

The water planting container 24 field planting framves of 22 grid beam 23 regulating levels

25 flowers or vegetables 26A hole

27 feet 28 nut 29 bolts

The downward tube seat 42 of 40 tube seats that make progress 41 supports shell of column (pipe)

43 have flat seedling-cultivating tray 44 pleated tubes of pin

Pin on annulus 47 tripods on 45 tripod 46 tripods

48 siphon pipe 49 horizontal bars (" Z-shaped " type channel wall), 50 light compensating lamps articulate support

The bottom surface of 51 magnetic valve 52 level sensor 53 water planting containers

embodiment

1, press shelf specification assembling shelf; Place planting unit unit and returnable (15);

2, place water pump (16); Along shelf post, water-supply-pipe (17) is installed; Place grid beam (22);

3, intelligent control module (20) be installed and switched on power; Jia Shui and fertilizer;

4, trial run; Place again flower or vegetables.

About growing seedlings, while growing seedlings, only sponge nutritive cube need to be put into the field planting frame (24) that has adopted " internal diameter control method and external diameter regulate fixing means and field planting basket " technology, seedling growing block can squeezedly be held and block to the Neto of field planting frame (24) (S type card arm), then in the hole of seedling growing block, put into seed, finally field planting frame (24) is put into grid beam (22) upper just passable.

The water level spilling plane of the bottom of sponge nutritive cube and planting unit unit is parallel, and maintenance water contacts with sponge nutritive cube, and what seed obtained is the water that infiltrates, and whole process need not rewater.

About bud dish, with the flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin, only seed need to be put into seedling-cultivating tray, just can quantitatively produce by sky.

About kind of a flower, to different flowers, first flower is put into field planting frame (protecting colored baby), then according to height of water level, regulate the height of tripod, then, putting into tripod with the flower of field planting frame, just realize the plant of planting differing heights and different root systems in same layer.

With the example that has the shelf planting vegetable of series of apertures:

At Germination period, planting unit unit interval can be very little, can have 8 layers of even more multi-layered planting unit unit;

When seedling grows to 3--5CM left and right, reject or eat up part seedling, reduce one deck planting unit unit;

When seedling grows tall, then reject or eat up part seedling again, then reduce one deck planting unit unit;

Ripe to vegetables, only remaining 3--4 layer planting unit unit.

The output of whole balcony planting device will increase exponentially, also taken into account simultaneously attractive in appearance, easily cleaning and maintenance.

Claims (10)

1. balcony planting device and an assembly, is characterized in that, comprises following assembly and structure:
(A) balcony planting device and assembly, comprise the planting patterns assembly that " planting unit framework " associated component and " planting unit framework " are supported, planting unit framework associated component comprises: " planting unit unit " assembly, shelf, dynamical system flexibly; " planting unit unit " assembly comprises basin body, water level control apparatus; The planting patterns assembly that " planting unit framework " supported comprises a kind of the have flat seedling-cultivating tray of pin, flat seedling-cultivating tray, a kind of height-adjustable tripod, square nutrition sheet, nutritive cube, grid beam, field planting frame, flowerpot, last common form a multiple planting patterns can plantation platform miscegenation plantation, open;
(B) combination of planting unit framework, planting unit framework contains planting unit unit, shelf (13), returnable (15), water pump (16), water-supply-pipe (17), intelligent control module (20), dynamical system, wherein " planting unit unit " is placed on the shelf (11) of the different aspects of shelf, at the bottom of returnable (15) is placed on shelf, " planting unit unit " and the returnable (15) of different aspects are connected by water conservancy diversion rope or return pipe, water pump (16) is placed on basin along in upper or returnable, intelligent control module (20) timing controlled or the information of pressing sensor (18) are controlled water pump or/and the running of magnetic valve, one end water pump (16) of water-supply-pipe (17), the other end is in the planting unit unit of the superiors or connect drip irrigation appliance or spray equipment, in planting unit unit, put into again height-adjustable tripod, grid beam, field planting frame, the nutritive cube of supporting water planting, or/and put into flat seedling-cultivating tray, the flat seedling-cultivating tray that has pin, square nutrition sheet, the flowerpot of supporting that bud colza is planted, or/and put into the flowerpot of supporting earth culture or substrate culture, realize multiple planting patterns and cultivate in same planting apparatus unit simultaneously.
2. balcony planting device according to claim 1 and assembly, is characterized in that: in matrix, increase profitable strain, increase baton round or potsherd that beneficial bacterium is taken shelter in water; Or increase a filter, in device, contain baton round or potsherd and profitable strain.
3. balcony planting device according to claim 1 and assembly, is characterized in that: the planting unit unit of " planting unit framework " comprises basin body, water level control apparatus, liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water.
4. balcony planting device according to claim 3 and assembly, is characterized in that: basin body is exactly described water planting container, is opening or basin type opening, and its opening profile can be circular or fan-like pattern or polygon; On the overfall of its water, water level control apparatus can be installed, basin body inner bottom surface can have liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water.
5. balcony planting device according to claim 3 and assembly, it is characterized in that: water level control apparatus comprises water level control conduit, fine setting conduit or be a kind ofly with siphonal conduit, or in the lower end of " water level controls conduit or/and fine setting conduit ", magnetic valve is installed; On the inwall of water level control conduit, increase fine setting conduit, slide up and down the fine setting conduit of socket, can change the vertical height that water overflows.
6. balcony planting device according to claim 5 and assembly, it is characterized in that: be a kind ofly with siphonal conduit, a kind of conduit that produces tidal action, comprise conduit and siphon pipe, have the current of circulation, in conduit, increase a reversed J shape siphon pipe, siphon pipe is flexible, allow siphonal extreme higher position lower than the water level that overflows of conduit, on the tube wall of conduit mouth top, have circular trough or hole, siphon pipe snaps in or inserts in circular trough or hole; Or conduit and siphon pipe are merged into a morning and evening tides pipe, and be directly socketed in water level and control on the inwall of conduit, at the tube head of morning and evening tides pipe, add a filtering head; Or conduit and siphon pipe are installed separately.
7. balcony planting device according to claim 3 and assembly, it is characterized in that: liver moss and larva automatic cleaning apparatus in water, overlapping " Z-shaped or U font or circumference type or the UZ combination are moulded " channel that is covered with " fence type " at basin bottom, reach water circulation and there is no dead angle, or/and make channel bottom dented, at the bottom of being triangled tip type or camber; Or/and allow channel bottom have high low head.
8. balcony planting device according to claim 1 and assembly, is characterized in that:
The shelf of " planting unit framework ", can lay the shelf of planting unit unit and returnable (15);
The control system of " planting unit framework ", comprises intelligent control module (20) and sensor (18), and regularly pump water is or/and control magnetic valve, or sends pH value and depart from alarm;
The dynamical system of " planting unit framework ", comprises water pump (16), water-supply-pipe (17), solar energy system or city's piezoelectric transformer; Can select membrane pump to carry out pump water, the basin that membrane pump is arranged on water planting container is along the basin of upper or returnable along upper.
9. balcony planting device according to claim 1 and assembly, is characterized in that:
The planting patterns assembly that " planting unit framework " supported comprises:
(a) there is a flat seedling-cultivating tray for pin, comprise flat seedling-cultivating tray and column pin, the pin of having tried to get to the heart of a matter; Or the pin of flat seedling-cultivating tray can be separated with flat seedling-cultivating tray, it is fixing that its bottom has the fixedly hole slot of column pin, column pin directly to insert in hole slot; Or/and the hole of multiple diameter is arranged at the bottom of flat seedling-cultivating tray, facilitate the fixing of multiple diameter column pin; Or/and adjust the height of flat seedling-cultivating tray by inserting the column pin of different length;
(b) a height-adjustable tripod, comprises ring on tripod and the pin on tripod, and tripod can have a plurality of pin, and the bottom of pin is porose, while regulating height, needs insert in hole under foot toothpick or signs shape thing;
(c) a square nutrition sheet, comprises fertilizer, solid matrix and reticulated;
(d) nutritive cube, comprises trophosome and hole, and trophosome is sponge or matrix, has a plurality of holes in cavernous body or matrix, or/and sponge nutritive cube centre bore has a slit to cavernous body edge.
10. balcony planting device according to claim 3 and assembly, is characterized in that: in container interior bottom surface, increase " Z-shaped or U font or circumference type or UZ are combined " channel or groove; Or/and increase projection with holes at container outer bottom, increase light compensating lamp and articulate support, support also can be used to articulate spray head; Or/and increase hole on the basin edge of water planting container, membrane pump is installed; Or/and increase wheel installing hole in the tube seat on four angles of water planting container; Or/and increase the fixedly draw-in groove of water pipe and the draw-in groove of fixing cord on container outer, on draw-in groove, also can hang plastic foil or cloth, form little greenhouse or bud dish dark place.
CN201220112965.6U 2011-06-07 2012-03-23 Balcony planting device and assembly CN203505235U (en)

Priority Applications (5)

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CN201120187326 2011-06-07
CN201120187326.1 2011-06-07
CN201120324934.2 2011-09-01
CN201120324934 2011-09-01
CN201220112965.6U CN203505235U (en) 2011-06-07 2012-03-23 Balcony planting device and assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220112965.6U CN203505235U (en) 2011-06-07 2012-03-23 Balcony planting device and assembly

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CN203505235U true CN203505235U (en) 2014-04-02

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104542233A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-04-29 江西省科学院生物资源研究所 LED stereoscopic domestic cultivation device capable of regulating nutrient solution depth
CN105961157A (en) * 2015-03-18 2016-09-28 王振宇 Pipeline cultivation relay-intercropping method
FR3035297A1 (en) * 2015-04-21 2016-10-28 Nicolas Giordano Off-ground culture cabinet
CN106818443A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-13 卢鹏 A kind of red maple bough water planting cuttage breeding method
CN106857224A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-20 合肥昂宇光电科技有限公司 A kind of household plant cabinet
CN107517842A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-29 摩瑞尔电器(昆山)有限公司 The vegetable aquaculture plantation cabinet of bacteria growing inhibiting

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542233A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-04-29 江西省科学院生物资源研究所 LED stereoscopic domestic cultivation device capable of regulating nutrient solution depth
CN104542233B (en) * 2015-01-07 2017-06-16 江西省科学院生物资源研究所 A kind of LED solid family expenses culture apparatus for adjusting Depth Nutrient Solution
CN105961157A (en) * 2015-03-18 2016-09-28 王振宇 Pipeline cultivation relay-intercropping method
FR3035297A1 (en) * 2015-04-21 2016-10-28 Nicolas Giordano Off-ground culture cabinet
CN106857224A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-20 合肥昂宇光电科技有限公司 A kind of household plant cabinet
CN106818443A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-13 卢鹏 A kind of red maple bough water planting cuttage breeding method
CN107517842A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-29 摩瑞尔电器(昆山)有限公司 The vegetable aquaculture plantation cabinet of bacteria growing inhibiting

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