CN102138504A - Vertical matrix culture device - Google Patents

Vertical matrix culture device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102138504A
CN102138504A CN2010105917004A CN201010591700A CN102138504A CN 102138504 A CN102138504 A CN 102138504A CN 2010105917004 A CN2010105917004 A CN 2010105917004A CN 201010591700 A CN201010591700 A CN 201010591700A CN 102138504 A CN102138504 A CN 102138504A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
overflow
basin
pump
column
boss
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2010105917004A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹华
王永泉
李红岭
商磊
李新旭
王铁臣
徐进
张丽红
张瑞芬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING BEINONG SEED Co Ltd
BEIJING CITY AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY SPREADING STATION
Original Assignee
BEIJING BEINONG SEED Co Ltd
BEIJING CITY AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY SPREADING STATION
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BEIJING BEINONG SEED Co Ltd, BEIJING CITY AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY SPREADING STATION filed Critical BEIJING BEINONG SEED Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010105917004A priority Critical patent/CN102138504A/en
Publication of CN102138504A publication Critical patent/CN102138504A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of planters, and discloses a vertical matrix culture device. The device comprises a vertical column, a plurality of overflow devices, a plurality of basin-shaped containers, a liquid accumulator and a pump, wherein each overflow device penetrates through and is fixed on the upright column to ensure that the plurality of overflow devices are fixed on the upright column in stacks; each basin-shaped container is filled with a matrix and corresponds to one overflow device, and the bottom of each basin-shaped container is connected with the bottom of the corresponding overflow device; the liquid accumulator is arranged at the bottom of the upright column and is filled with a nutrient solution; and the pump is arranged in the liquid accumulator. By adopting the upright column-type design, the floor area is greatly saved; by adopting the overflow devices, the residual nutrient solution in the matrix of each layer can flow away in time, so that the nutrient solution is saved, and the circulating speed is accelerated; and by using the pump and a timer, automatic circulation of the whole device is realized.

Description

A kind of vertical substrate culture device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the planter field, relate in particular to a kind of vertical substrate culture device.
Background technology
Continuous propelling along with urbanization, the people that live in the city can not have big garden as the rural area or the flowers and plants vegetables are planted in the field, but people are more and more stronger to the demand of back to nature, because in the time of in placing oneself in the midst of flowers and plants vegetable melon and fruit clump, can really have a taste of the importance of the vitality of nature to people.In this case, the balcony agricultural is arisen at the historic moment, the balcony agricultural specifically is meant the agricultural production activity that balcony or roof carried out of certain altitude, but this activity has not been the agricultural of intensive cultivation type on the soil, is that the various novel planting type that breaks away from soil is formed mostly.The existing in the market numerous balcony vegetable garden product of kind, but existing balcony vegetable garden product exists shortcoming such as take up an area of that the space is big, complicated operation, aesthetic property are not strong.The balcony growing vegetables product of development of new does not only satisfy citizen's free life, enriches the needs of cultural life, especially the needs of Modern City Agriculture social function.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problem that will solve
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is how to make balcony vegetable garden product realize that the occupation of land space is little, simple to operate.
(2) technical scheme
For achieving the above object, the present invention proposes a kind of vertical substrate culture device, comprising:
Column;
A plurality of overflow devices, each described overflow device passes and is fixed on the described column, makes a plurality of overflow devices be fixed on the described column with piling up;
A plurality of basins are filled with matrix in each basin, and the corresponding overflow device of each basin, and the bottom of each basin is passed column and is connected with the bottom of its corresponding flooding device;
Reservoir, it is arranged at bottom the column and in it and is filled with nutrient solution;
Pump, it is arranged in the described reservoir.
Wherein, described overflow device comprises cylindrical outer wall and inwall, the bottom of cylindrical outer wall is connected with the bottom of basin, cylinder shape inner wall passes and is close to and is fixed on the pillar, be provided with boss between the outer wall at the about middle part of overflow device and the inwall, outer wall with overflow device around the bottom of boss is tightly connected, the sealing position slightly upside outer wall upper edge outer wall around evenly be provided with a plurality of first holes, the top of boss is connected with inwall, and the space and the below, basin bottom that evenly are provided with on the top of boss between the inner and outer wall below a plurality of second hole overflow device boss communicate.
Wherein, described overflow device outer wall is provided with the 3rd hole near the place, bottom.
Wherein, described pillar is a hollow, makes the hollow space of described pump by pillar with the top of nutrient solution from the reservoir pump to pillar.
Wherein, described pump also is connected with time controller.
Wherein, the bottom of described pillar is provided with base.
Wherein, described matrix is the peat composed of rotten mosses and vermiculite.
Wherein, the volume ratio of the peat composed of rotten mosses and vermiculite is 2: 1 in the described matrix.
(3) beneficial effect
Technique scheme of the present invention has following advantage: device of the present invention adopts the column type design to save floor space greatly; And adopted overflow device, and the unnecessary nutrient solution in every layer of matrix can in time be flowed away, not only save nutrient solution but also speeded circulation rate; Device of the present invention has also used pump and timer, thereby has realized the automatic circulation of a whole set of device.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of vertical substrate culture device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the overflow device schematic diagram of vertical substrate culture device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the base vertical view of vertical substrate culture device embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples are used to illustrate the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
Be illustrated in figure 1 as the structural representation of vertical substrate culture device embodiment of the present invention, comprise: basin 1, pillar 2, overflow device 3, base 10, reservoir (not shown) pump (not shown) and time controller (not shown).
Column 2 is a hollow, is provided with base 10 and reservoir in the bottom of column 2, is filled with in the reservoir of nutrient solution and is provided with pump, and pump is provided with time controller.Pump can pass through the nutrient solution in the reservoir top of the hollow bulb wheel cylinder of column 2 to column 2.Time controller can control pump working time.Base 10 is used for firm whole device.
Be provided with a plurality of overflow devices 3 and a plurality of basin 1 on the column 2, and each overflow device 3 is corresponding to a basin 1 with piling up.Be filled with matrix in each basin 1, for example volume ratio is 2: 1 the peat composed of rotten mosses and a vermiculite.As shown in Figure 2, each overflow device 3 comprises cylindrical outer wall 4 and inwall 5, the bottom of cylindrical outer wall 4 is connected with the bottom of its corresponding basin 1, and cylinder shape inner wall 5 passes and is close to and is fixed on the pillar 2, and therefore setting is also piled up along passing column 2 in the bottom of a plurality of basins 1.Be provided with boss 6 between the outer wall 4 at overflow device 3 about middle parts and the inwall 5, outer wall 4 with overflow device around the bottom of boss 6 is tightly connected, the sealing position slightly upside outer wall 4 upper edge outer walls around evenly be provided with a plurality of first holes 7 (for example 4), the top of boss 6 is connected with inwall 5, evenly is provided with a plurality of second holes 8 (for example 4) on the top of boss 6.The inwall 5 of boss 6 downsides and the space between the outer wall 4 and basin 1 bottom below communicates, and that is to say that nutrient solution can flow to from this space of an overflow device 3 in the space of the boss of next layer overflow device and outer wall.Overflow device outer wall 4 is provided with 9, the three holes 9, the 3rd hole near the place, bottom and is provided with gauze or fiber liquid filtration material, is not subjected to medium pollution to guarantee the nutrient solution that refluxes.As shown in figs. 1 and 3, the bottom of the overflow device 3 of the bottom and draw-in groove 12 clampings on the base 10, and the base upper surface in the shackle portion evenly is provided with the 4th hole 11 that a plurality of (for example 5) are communicated with reservoir.
The device course of work of the present invention is as follows: start after the pump, nutrient solution arrives the top of pillar from the hollow space of pillar under the effect of pump, fall into the boss of the overflow device that is arranged at the pillar the superiors and the space between the outer wall at nutrient solution under the effect of gravity, and by being arranged in first hole infiltration matrix on the outer wall, when the nutrient solution in the space between boss and the outer wall surpasses the height of boss, to walk by second orifice flow at boss top, thereby pouring is one deck matrix down, the unnecessary nutrient solution that has flowed into simultaneously matrix also flows to down one deck by the 3rd hole of outer wall bottom, and water layer by layer in the above described manner, the nutrient solution that one deck overflow device of the end flows out returns reservoir by the 4th orifice flow on the base, and can arrive the top of device once more by pump, to circulate next time.By service time controller pump is controlled, can in basin, supply with nutrient solution every day at regular time and quantity.
Below only be embodiments of the present invention; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a vertical substrate culture device is characterized in that, comprising:
Column (2);
A plurality of overflow devices (3), each described overflow device (3) passes and is fixed on the described column (3), makes a plurality of overflow devices be fixed on the described column (2) with piling up;
A plurality of basins (1), each basin is filled with matrix in (1), and the corresponding overflow device (3) of each basin (1), and the bottom of each basin (1) is passed column (2) and is connected with the bottom of its corresponding flooding device (3);
Reservoir, it is arranged at bottom the column and in it and is filled with nutrient solution;
Pump, it is arranged in the described reservoir.
2. vertical substrate culture device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described overflow device (3) comprises cylindrical outer wall (4) and inwall (5), the bottom of cylindrical outer wall (4) and the bottom of basin are connected, cylinder shape inner wall (5) passes and is close to and is fixed on the pillar (2), be provided with boss (6) between the outer wall (4) at the about middle part of overflow device (3) and the inwall (5), outer wall (4) with overflow device around the bottom of boss (6) is tightly connected, the sealing position slightly the outer wall of upside (4) upper edge outer wall around evenly be provided with a plurality of first holes (7), the top of boss (6) is connected with inwall (5), communicates below evenly being provided with inwall (5) below a plurality of second holes (8) overflow device boss (6) and space between the outer wall (4) and basin (1) bottom on the top of boss (6).
3. vertical substrate culture device as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, described overflow device outer wall (4) is provided with the 3rd hole (9) near the place, bottom.
4. vertical substrate culture device as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described pillar (2) is a hollow, makes the hollow space of described pump by pillar (2) with the top of nutrient solution from the reservoir pump to pillar.
5. vertical substrate culture device as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that described pump also is connected with time controller.
6. vertical substrate culture device as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that the bottom of described pillar (2) is provided with base (10).
7. vertical substrate culture device as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that described matrix is the peat composed of rotten mosses and vermiculite.
8. vertical substrate culture device as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that the volume ratio of the peat composed of rotten mosses and vermiculite is 2: 1 in the described matrix.
CN2010105917004A 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Vertical matrix culture device Pending CN102138504A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105917004A CN102138504A (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Vertical matrix culture device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105917004A CN102138504A (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Vertical matrix culture device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102138504A true CN102138504A (en) 2011-08-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010105917004A Pending CN102138504A (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Vertical matrix culture device

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CN (1) CN102138504A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102972280A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-03-20 吕兆龙 Soilless vegetable hydroculture rack
CN104012322A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-09-03 帝善圆农业科技(苏州)有限公司 Planting rack
CN104303874A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 浙江枫云景电子商务有限公司 Upright automatic irrigation garden

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1247693A (en) * 1998-09-17 2000-03-22 郭嘉胤 Stereo plantation method
CN2388814Y (en) * 1999-09-09 2000-07-26 玉溪市农业科学研究所 Nutritious liquid internal circulation type no-soil cultivated horticulture column for enjoying
CN2739943Y (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-11-16 陈英泉 Household column laminated pot cultivating device of fruits, vegetables, and flowers
CN201091137Y (en) * 2007-10-18 2008-07-30 刘仕英 Novel soilless culture device
CN201986488U (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-09-28 北京市农业技术推广站 Vertical substrate culturing device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1247693A (en) * 1998-09-17 2000-03-22 郭嘉胤 Stereo plantation method
CN2388814Y (en) * 1999-09-09 2000-07-26 玉溪市农业科学研究所 Nutritious liquid internal circulation type no-soil cultivated horticulture column for enjoying
CN2739943Y (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-11-16 陈英泉 Household column laminated pot cultivating device of fruits, vegetables, and flowers
CN201091137Y (en) * 2007-10-18 2008-07-30 刘仕英 Novel soilless culture device
CN201986488U (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-09-28 北京市农业技术推广站 Vertical substrate culturing device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102972280A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-03-20 吕兆龙 Soilless vegetable hydroculture rack
CN102972280B (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-01-28 吕兆龙 Soilless vegetable hydroculture rack
CN104012322A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-09-03 帝善圆农业科技(苏州)有限公司 Planting rack
CN104012322B (en) * 2014-06-23 2017-01-11 帝善圆农业科技(苏州)有限公司 Planting rack
CN104303874A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 浙江枫云景电子商务有限公司 Upright automatic irrigation garden
CN104303874B (en) * 2014-10-10 2016-09-28 浙江枫云景电子商务有限公司 Vertical type automatic irrigation garden

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Effective date of abandoning: 20110803