CN103583350A - Indoor all-day and full-automatic soilless culture incubator - Google Patents

Indoor all-day and full-automatic soilless culture incubator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103583350A
CN103583350A CN201310533702.1A CN201310533702A CN103583350A CN 103583350 A CN103583350 A CN 103583350A CN 201310533702 A CN201310533702 A CN 201310533702A CN 103583350 A CN103583350 A CN 103583350A
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China
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culture
incubator
automatic
soil
indoor
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CN201310533702.1A
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CN103583350B (en
Inventor
鞠文燕
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HEILONGJIANG AIPU LIGHTING APPLIANCE CO Ltd
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HEILONGJIANG AIPU LIGHTING APPLIANCE CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to an indoor all-day and full-automatic soilless culture incubator. The incubator comprises a culture platform, an air adjusting box and the like. A semi-enclosed space is formed by the culture platform and the air adjusting box arranged above the culture platform. The culture platform is provided with a plurality of culture trays, flowing pipelines are arranged between the culture trays, the other sides of the culture trays are provided with return passages communicated with a culture solution feeding system, the periphery of the air adjusting box is provided with struts connected to the upper face of the culture platform, the bottom face of the air adjusting box is provided with LED lamp beads, a draught fan and a humidifier nozzle, the air adjusting box is internally provided with a draught fan coil and a carbon-dioxide generator, and the air adjusting box is provided with an air inlet. The indoor all-day and full-automatic soilless culture incubator has the advantages of being low in cost, free of pollution and suitable for national conditions, is especially suitable for early crop culture such as breeding and seedling growing, and can be popularized and used easily.

Description

Indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation apparatus without soil in soilless culture field, be specifically related to a kind of indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator.
Background technology
In industrialized agriculture, soilless culture is changing traditional planting patterns, becomes the new branch of science of develop rapidly.Facts have proved, soilless culture have water saving, energy-conservation, saving of labor, province fertile, reduce environmental pollution, prevent continuous cropping obstacle, product is pollution-free and a series of features such as high-yield and high-efficiency, at present, the development of cultivation technique without soil in the world has two kinds of trend: a kind of is with high investment, high-tech, high benefit type, as developed countries such as Holland, Japan, the U.S., Britain, France, Israel and Denmark, soilless culture is produced and has been realized high mechanization.Its greenhouse, nutrient solution allotment, production routine are controlled completely by computer regulating, realize streamlined batch production and produce, and have realized product year-round supply, the high remarkable in economical benefits of the output value.Another kind trend Shi Yi developing country is main, especially take China as representative, according to national national conditions and economic technology condition.Gather materials on the spot to do and get on the job with indigenous methods.Manual operations, adopts easy equipment.The object of these national development soilless cultures is Environmental change, using water wisely and land resources, the basic living that solves the people needs, yet at needs, break away from natural environment, need the fields such as high-quality seed seedling-raising still to need batch production to produce, to guarantee the supply of seed seedling-raising.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency of background technology, the invention provides a kind of indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, in conjunction with the reality of China's national situation, by small lot indoor production seed seedling-raising, having broken away from the dependence of growing seedlings to environment such as weather, soil, is better agricultural production service.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, comprise the compositions such as cultivation platform and air conditioning cabinet, cultivation platform and air conditioning cabinet placed on it form a semi-enclosed space, on cultivation platform, be equipped with some culture tray, between culture tray, there is overcurrent pipeline, culture tray opposite side has reflux line to be communicated with culture fluid feed system, air conditioning cabinet surrounding has pillar to be connected in cultivation platform top, air conditioning cabinet bottom face is equipped with LED lamp pearl, blower fan, humidifier nozzle, air conditioning cabinet is built-in with fan coil and carbon-dioxide generator, air conditioning cabinet has air inlet.
Described indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, case is built-in with Programmable Logic Controller PLC, is connected respectively with each device in round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator.
Described culture fluid feed system is comprised of culture fluid container and water circulating pump, and the outlet conduit of water circulating pump is communicated in the import of culture tray, and water temperature adjusting machine has circulating water pipe to be connected with the container of culture fluid feed system, and this container is built-in with liquid level sensor.
The container of described culture fluid feed system, the tubing pump outlet of nutrient solution injected system extend into this internal tank.
The container of described culture fluid feed system, the tubing pump outlet of pH value mixing system extend into this internal tank.
Pillar on described cultivation platform is provided with carbon dioxide sensor, humidity sensor, and light sensor.
Described culture tray, one of them culture tray bottom is provided with temperature sensor, pH value sensor and nutrient solution concentration sensor.
Described blower fan, fan outlet has power-operated shutter wind deflector, and described fan coil is placed in blower fan overcurrent place, and fan coil has circulating water pipe to be connected with temperature-adjusting device.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: this indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator regulates humidity, temperature, the air quantity of air by Programmable Logic Controller PLC, by giving the illumination of the different illumination of crop and wavelength, and different temperatures, Different Nutrition composition, suitable pH value moisture are to adapt to the need of production of various crops, broken away from the dependence of breeding, raising seedling to climatic environment, there is cost low simultaneously, pollution-free, the feature of suitable for China, be specially adapted to the crop cultivations in advance such as breeding, raising seedling, favourable promoting the use of.
 
accompanying drawing explanation:
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
1-cultivation platform in figure, 2-temperature sensor, 3-culture fluid feed system, 4-liquid level sensor, 5-water temperature regulates machine, 6-nutrient solution injected system, 7-PH value mixing system, 8-PH value sensor, 9-nutrient solution concentration sensor, 10-reflux line, 11-culture tray, 12-overcurrent pipeline, 13-blower fan, 14-power-operated shutter wind deflector, 15-LED lamp pearl, 16-humidifier, 17-temperature-adjusting device, 18-air inlet, 19-carbon-dioxide generator, 20-fan coil, 21-air conditioning cabinet, 22-carbon dioxide sensor, 23-humidity sensor, 24-light sensor, 25-Programmable Logic Controller PLC.
embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
As shown in Figure 1, indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, comprise the compositions such as cultivation platform 1 and air conditioning cabinet 21, cultivation platform 1 is for support crop and applicable water and liquid nutritional is provided, air conditioning cabinet 21 is for providing applicable gas nutrition and illumination to crop, cultivation platform 1 forms a semi-enclosed space with air conditioning cabinet 21 placed on it, on cultivation platform 1, be equipped with some culture tray 11, between culture tray 11, there is overcurrent pipeline 12, culture tray 11 opposite sides have reflux line 10 to be communicated with culture fluid feed system 3, culture fluid flows and circulates with culture fluid feed system 3 between culture tray 11, air conditioning cabinet 21 surroundings have pillar to be connected in cultivation platform 1 top, air conditioning cabinet 21 bottom faces are equipped with LED lamp pearl 15, blower fan 13, humidifier 16 nozzles, air conditioning cabinet 21 is built-in with fan coil 20 and carbon-dioxide generator 19, air conditioning cabinet 21 has air inlet 18, be respectively used to regulate the humidity of air, temperature, the illumination of gas concentration lwevel and different wave length.
Described indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, case is built-in with Programmable Logic Controller PLC25, be connected with each device in round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator respectively, by programming Control parameters, make each device carry out work according to default parameter.
Described culture fluid feed system 3 is comprised of culture fluid container and water circulating pump, the outlet conduit of water circulating pump is communicated in the import of culture tray 11, for crop provides the flowable nutrient solution of circulation, water temperature regulates machine 5 to have circulating water pipe to be connected with the container of culture fluid feed system 3 and regulates water temperature, and this container is built-in with liquid level sensor 4 and shows remaining nutrient solution and when liquid level is low, send sounding and lighting alarm.
The container of described culture fluid feed system 3, the tubing pump outlet of nutrient solution injected system 6 extend into this internal tank, and nutrient solution injected system 6 is for providing the nutrient components such as nitrogen phosphorus potassium of heterogeneity to crop.
The container of described culture fluid feed system 3, the tubing pump outlet of pH value mixing system 7 extend into this internal tank, for regulating the pH value of water.
Pillar on described cultivation platform 1 is provided with carbon dioxide sensor 22, humidity sensor 23 and light sensor 24, be respectively used to evaluate crop gas concentration lwevel, humidity and illumination degree around, and by programmable control module, These parameters adjusted.
Described culture tray 11, one of them culture tray bottom is provided with temperature sensor 2, pH value sensor 8 and nutrient solution concentration sensor 9, for surveying the signals collecting of the indexs such as water temperature, pH value and remaining nutrient solution concentration that obtain when crop is actual to grow, and by programmable control module, These parameters is adjusted.
Described blower fan 13, blower fan 13 outlets have power-operated shutter wind deflector 14 to regulate wind direction, and described fan coil 20 is placed in blower fan 13 overcurrent places, and fan coil 20 has circulating water pipe to be connected with temperature-adjusting device 17, regulates the temperature of crop microclimate environment.
This indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator is by regulating humidity, temperature, the air quantity of air, by giving the illumination of the different illumination of crop and wavelength, and different temperatures, Different Nutrition composition, suitable pH value moisture are to adapt to the need of production of various crops, broken away from the dependence of breeding, raising seedling to climatic environment, there is cost low simultaneously, pollution-free, the feature of suitable for China, be specially adapted to the crop cultivations in advance such as breeding, raising seedling, favourable promoting the use of.

Claims (8)

1. an indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil is cultivated incubator, comprise the compositions such as cultivation platform (1) and air conditioning cabinet (21), it is characterized in that: cultivation platform (1) forms a semi-enclosed space with air conditioning cabinet (21) placed on it, on cultivation platform (1), be equipped with some culture tray (11), between culture tray (11), there is overcurrent pipeline (12), culture tray (11) opposite side has reflux line (10) to be communicated with culture fluid feed system (3), air conditioning cabinet (21) surrounding has pillar to be connected in cultivation platform (1) top, air conditioning cabinet (21) bottom face is equipped with LED lamp pearl (15), blower fan (13), humidifier (16) nozzle, air conditioning cabinet (21) is built-in with fan coil (20) and carbon-dioxide generator (19), air conditioning cabinet (21) has air inlet (18).
2. indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil according to claim 1 is cultivated incubator, it is characterized in that: described indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator, case is built-in with Programmable Logic Controller PLC (25), is connected respectively with each device in round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator.
3. indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil according to claim 2 is cultivated incubator, it is characterized in that: described culture fluid feed system (3) is comprised of culture fluid container and water circulating pump, the outlet conduit of water circulating pump is communicated in the import of culture tray (11), water temperature regulates machine (5) to have circulating water pipe to be connected with the container of culture fluid feed system (3), and this container is built-in with liquid level sensor (4).
4. indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the container of described culture fluid feed system (3), the tubing pump outlet of nutrient solution injected system (6) extend into this internal tank.
5. indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the container of described culture fluid feed system (3), the tubing pump outlet of pH value mixing system (7) extend into this internal tank.
6. indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the pillar on described cultivation platform (1) is provided with carbon dioxide sensor (22), humidity sensor (23) and light sensor (24).
7. indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil according to claim 6 is cultivated incubator, it is characterized in that: described culture tray (11), one of them culture tray bottom is provided with temperature sensor (2), pH value sensor (8) and nutrient solution concentration sensor (9).
8. indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil according to claim 7 is cultivated incubator, it is characterized in that: described blower fan (13), blower fan (13) outlet has power-operated shutter wind deflector (14), described fan coil (20) is placed in blower fan (13) overcurrent place, and fan coil (20) has circulating water pipe to be connected with temperature-adjusting device (17).
CN201310533702.1A 2013-11-01 2013-11-01 Indoor round-the-clock full-automatic no-soil cultivation incubator Expired - Fee Related CN103583350B (en)

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Cited By (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918540A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-16 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Intelligent household planting box
CN104106386A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-22 江苏大学 Plant physical therapy device based on high-voltage electrostatic field
CN104255336A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-07 苏州久荣光照明电器有限公司 Intelligent control plant growth chamber
CN104885898A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-09 北京中农腾达科技有限公司 Plant planting box
CN105104155A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-02 哈尔滨工业大学 Intelligent plant cultivation device for self-supply life support system in space station
CN105278565A (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-01-27 浙江海洋学院 Soilless culture nutrient solution automatic control device and control method
CN105993897A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 湖南御景斋绿色智能科技有限公司 Intelligent micro-ecological landscape cylinder
CN104106386B (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-11-30 江苏大学 A kind of plant physical therapy device based on high-voltage electrostatic field
CN107549002A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-09 陕西天行健生物工程股份有限公司 A kind of breeding sand bed of Chinese yew
CN108124753A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-06-08 佛山汇众森泰科技有限公司 A kind of novel soilless culturing device
CN110574673A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-17 曾超凡 Automatic water planting equipment of cuttage nursery stock

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918540A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-16 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Intelligent household planting box
CN103918540B (en) * 2014-04-01 2015-12-02 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Domestic intelligent plant growing box
CN104106386A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-22 江苏大学 Plant physical therapy device based on high-voltage electrostatic field
CN104106386B (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-11-30 江苏大学 A kind of plant physical therapy device based on high-voltage electrostatic field
CN104255336A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-07 苏州久荣光照明电器有限公司 Intelligent control plant growth chamber
CN104255336B (en) * 2014-09-04 2016-08-24 苏州久荣光照明电器有限公司 A kind of Based Intelligent Control phytotron
CN104885898A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-09 北京中农腾达科技有限公司 Plant planting box
CN105278565A (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-01-27 浙江海洋学院 Soilless culture nutrient solution automatic control device and control method
CN105104155A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-02 哈尔滨工业大学 Intelligent plant cultivation device for self-supply life support system in space station
CN105993897A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 湖南御景斋绿色智能科技有限公司 Intelligent micro-ecological landscape cylinder
CN107549002A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-09 陕西天行健生物工程股份有限公司 A kind of breeding sand bed of Chinese yew
CN108124753A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-06-08 佛山汇众森泰科技有限公司 A kind of novel soilless culturing device
CN110574673A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-17 曾超凡 Automatic water planting equipment of cuttage nursery stock

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