US20040199052A1 - Endoscopic imaging system - Google Patents

Endoscopic imaging system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20040199052A1
US20040199052A1 US10406149 US40614903A US2004199052A1 US 20040199052 A1 US20040199052 A1 US 20040199052A1 US 10406149 US10406149 US 10406149 US 40614903 A US40614903 A US 40614903A US 2004199052 A1 US2004199052 A1 US 2004199052A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
endoscope
shaft
imaging
distal end
articulation joint
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10406149
Inventor
Michael S. Banik
Dennis Boulais
Lucien Couvillon
Albert Chin
Ian Hunter
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Boston Scientific Scimed Inc
Original Assignee
Boston Scientific Scimed Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/005Flexible endoscopes
    • A61B1/008Articulations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00064Constructional details of the endoscope body
    • A61B1/00071Insertion part of the endoscope body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00064Constructional details of the endoscope body
    • A61B1/00071Insertion part of the endoscope body
    • A61B1/0008Insertion part of the endoscope body characterised by distal tip features
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00147Holding or positioning arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00147Holding or positioning arrangements
    • A61B1/0016Holding or positioning arrangements using motor drive units
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/005Flexible endoscopes
    • A61B1/0051Flexible endoscopes with controlled bending of insertion part
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/005Flexible endoscopes
    • A61B1/0051Flexible endoscopes with controlled bending of insertion part
    • A61B1/0052Constructional details of control elements, e.g. handles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/005Flexible endoscopes
    • A61B1/0051Flexible endoscopes with controlled bending of insertion part
    • A61B1/0055Constructional details of insertion parts, e.g. vertebral elements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/005Flexible endoscopes
    • A61B1/0051Flexible endoscopes with controlled bending of insertion part
    • A61B1/0057Constructional details of force transmission elements, e.g. control wires
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/04Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/012Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor characterised by internal passages or accessories therefor
    • A61B1/015Control of fluid supply or evacuation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/04Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances
    • A61B1/05Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances characterised by the image sensor, e.g. camera, being in the distal end portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/06Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements
    • A61B1/0638Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements providing two or more wavelengths
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/06Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements
    • A61B1/0661Endoscope light sources
    • A61B1/0676Endoscope light sources at distal tip of an endoscope
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/06Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements
    • A61B1/0661Endoscope light sources
    • A61B1/0684Endoscope light sources using light emitting diodes [LED]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/31Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the rectum, e.g. proctoscopes, sigmoidoscopes, colonoscopes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/00234Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/00292Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery mounted on or guided by flexible, e.g. catheter-like, means
    • A61B2017/003Steerable
    • A61B2017/00305Constructional details of the flexible means
    • A61B2017/00309Cut-outs or slits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/00234Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/00292Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery mounted on or guided by flexible, e.g. catheter-like, means
    • A61B2017/003Steerable
    • A61B2017/00305Constructional details of the flexible means
    • A61B2017/00314Separate linked members
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/00234Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/00292Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery mounted on or guided by flexible, e.g. catheter-like, means
    • A61B2017/003Steerable
    • A61B2017/00318Steering mechanisms
    • A61B2017/00323Cables or rods
    • A61B2017/00327Cables or rods with actuating members moving in opposite directions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/0042Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets with special provisions for gripping

Abstract

An endoscopic imaging system includes a reusable control cabinet having a number of actuators that control the orientation of a lightweight endoscope that is connectable thereto. The endoscope is used with a single patient and is then disposed. The endoscope includes an illumination mechanism, an image sensor and an elongate shaft having one or more lumens located therein. A polymeric articulation joint at the distal end of the endoscope allows the distal end to be oriented by the control cabinet. The endoscope is coated with a hydrophilic coating that reduces its coefficient of friction and because it is lightweight, requires less force to advance it to a desired location within a patient.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to medical devices in general and therapeutic and diagnostic endoscopes in particular. [0001]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • As an aid to the early detection of disease, it has become well established that there are major public health benefits from regular endoscopic examinations of internal structures such as the esophagus, lungs, colon, uterus, and other organ systems. A conventional imaging endoscope used for such procedures comprises a flexible tube with a fiber optic light guide that directs illuminating light from an external light source through a lens at the distal end of the endoscope which focuses the illumination on the tissue to be examined. An objective lens and fiber optic imaging light guide communicating with a camera at the proximal end of the scope, or an imaging camera chip at the distal tip, transmit an image to the examiner. In addition, most endoscopes include one or more working channels through which medical devices such as biopsy forceps, snares, fulguration probes, and other tools may be passed. [0002]
  • Navigation of the endoscope through complex and tortuous paths is critical to success of the examination with minimum pain, side effects, risk or sedation to the patient. To this end, modern endoscopes include means for deflecting the distal tip of the scope to follow the pathway of the structure under examination, with minimum deflection or friction force upon the surrounding tissue. Control cables similar to puppet strings are carried within the endoscope body and connect a flexible portion of the distal end to a set of control knobs at the proximal endoscope handle. By manipulating the control knobs, the examiner is usually able to steer the endoscope during insertion and direct it to the region of interest, in spite of the limitations of such traditional control systems, which are clumsy, non-intuitive, and friction-limited. Common operator complaints about traditional endoscopes include their limited flexibility, limited column strength, and limited operator control of stiffness along the scope length. [0003]
  • Conventional endoscopes are expensive medical devices costing in the range of $25,000 for an endoscope, and much more for the associated operator console. Because of the expense, these endoscopes are built to withstand repeated disinfections and use upon many patients. Conventional endoscopes are generally built of sturdy materials, which decreases the flexibility of the scope and thus can decrease patient comfort. Furthermore, conventional endoscopes are complex and fragile instruments which can frequently need expensive repair as a result of damage during use or during a disinfection procedure. To overcome these and other problems, there is a need for a low cost imaging endoscope that can be used for a single procedure and thrown away. The scope should have better navigation and tracking, a superior interface with the operator, improved access by reduced frictional forces upon the lumenal tissue, increased patient comfort, and greater clinical productivity and patient throughput than those that are currently available. [0004]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • To address these and other problems in the prior art, the present invention is an endoscopic video imaging system. The system includes a motion control cabinet that includes a number of actuators that control the orientation of an endoscope and an imaging system to produce images of tissue collected by an image sensor at the distal end of the endoscope. A single use endoscope is connectable with the control cabinet and used to examine a patient. After the examination procedure, the endoscope is disconnected and disposed of. [0005]
  • The endoscope of the present invention includes a flexible elongate tube or shaft and an illumination source that directs light onto a tissue sample. An image sensor and objective lens at or adjacent the distal end of the endoscope captures reflected light to produce an image of the illuminated tissue. Images produced by the sensor are transmitted to a display device to be viewed by an examiner. In one embodiment, the illumination source comprises one or more light emitting diodes (LEDs) and the image sensor comprises a CMOS solid state image sensor. [0006]
  • The endoscope of the present invention also includes a steering mechanism such as a number of tensile control cables, which allow the distal end of the endoscope to be deflected in a desired direction. In one embodiment of the invention, a proximal end of the tensile control cables communicates with actuators within the control cabinet. A freestanding joystick controller generates electrical control signals which the control cabinet uses to compute signals to drive the actuators that orient the distal end of the endoscope in the direction desired by the examiner. In another embodiment of the invention, the distal end of the endoscope is automatically steered, or provided to the examiner, based on analysis of images from the image sensor. [0007]
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the endoscope includes a polymeric articulation joint adjacent its distal end that aids in bending the distal end of the scope in a desired direction. The articulation joint is constructed as a number of live hinges integrated into a unified structure of the required overall properties and dimensions. Tension of the control cables causes the live hinges of the articulation joint to deflect, thereby bending the distal tip of the endoscope. In one embodiment of the invention, the articulation joint exerts a restoring force such that upon release of a tensioning force, the distal end of the scope will straighten. [0008]
  • In an alternative embodiment, the articulation joint comprises a number of stacked discs that rotate with respect to one another. Control cables pass through the discs and pull adjacent discs together to turn the distal end of the endoscope. [0009]
  • In another embodiment of the invention, the endoscope has a variation in stiffness along its length that allows the distal end to be relatively flexible while the more proximal regions of the scope have increased column strength and torque fidelity so that a physician can twist and advance the endoscope with greater ease and accuracy and with fewer false advances (“loops”). Variation in stiffness along the length can be provided by varying the durometer of materials that comprise a shaft of the endoscope. Operator-controlled, variable stiffness can be provided by control cables that can be tightened or loosened to adjust the stiffness of the shaft. In yet another embodiment, the spacing between the live hinges of the articulation joint is selected to provide a variation in stiffness along the length of the articulation joint. [0010]
  • In yet another embodiment of the invention, the endoscope is covered with a retractable sleeve that uncovers the distal end of the scope during use and extends over the distal end after the scope is removed from a patient. [0011]
  • In another embodiment of the invention, the scope is coated with a hydrophilic coating to reduce its coefficient of friction. [0012]
  • In another embodiment of the invention, the scope is retractable in a longitudinal direction. The distal end of the scope is extendable using a spring, pull wires, bellows or the like to allow a physician to move the distal tip without having to alter the position of the shaft of the endoscope. [0013]
  • In yet another embodiment of the invention, the endoscope includes a heat dissipating mechanism for removing heat produced by the illumination source and image sensor.[0014]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The foregoing aspects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will become more readily appreciated as the same become better understood by reference to the following detailed description, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein: [0015]
  • FIGS. 1A and 1B illustrate two possible embodiments of an endoscopic video imaging system in accordance with the present invention; [0016]
  • FIG. 2 illustrates further detail of an endoscope used in the imaging system shown in FIG. 1A; [0017]
  • FIG. 3A is a block diagram of a motion control cabinet that interfaces with an imaging endoscope in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention; [0018]
  • FIG. 3B is a block diagram of a motion control cabinet that interfaces with an imaging endoscope in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0019]
  • FIGS. 4A-4D illustrate one mechanism for connecting the vision endoscope to a motion control cabinet; [0020]
  • FIG. 5 is a detailed view of one embodiment of a handheld controller for controlling an imaging endoscope; [0021]
  • FIG. 6 illustrates one embodiment of a distal tip of an imaging endoscope in accordance with the present invention; [0022]
  • FIG. 7 illustrates one mechanism for terminating a number of control cables in a distal tip of an imaging endoscope; [0023]
  • FIG. 8 illustrates an imaging endoscope having control cables routed through lumens in the walls of an endoscope shaft; [0024]
  • FIGS. 9A and 9B illustrate a transition guide that routes control cables from a central lumen of an endoscope shaft to lumens in an articulation joint; [0025]
  • FIGS. 10A and 10B illustrate the construction of a shaft portion of an endoscope in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention; [0026]
  • FIG. 1I illustrates one mechanism for providing a shaft having a varying stiffness along its length; [0027]
  • FIGS. 12A and 12B illustrate an extrusion used to make an articulation joint in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention; [0028]
  • FIG. 13 illustrates an articulation joint in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention; [0029]
  • FIGS. 14 and 15 illustrate an extrusion having areas of a different durometer that is used to form an articulation joint in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0030]
  • FIGS. 16A and 16B illustrate another embodiment of an articulation joint including a number of ball and socket sections; [0031]
  • FIGS. 17A-17D illustrate various possible configurations of ball and socket sections used to construct an articulation joint; [0032]
  • FIGS. 18A-18B illustrate an articulation joint formed of a number of stacked discs in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0033]
  • FIGS. 19A-19B illustrate a disc used to form an articulation joint in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0034]
  • FIGS. 20A-20B illustrate a disc used to form an articulation joint in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0035]
  • FIGS. 21A-21B illustrate a non-circular segment used to form an articulation joint in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0036]
  • FIG. 22 illustrates an endoscope having a braided member as an articulation joint in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0037]
  • FIG. 23 illustrates one possible technique for securing the ends of a control wire to a braided articulation joint; [0038]
  • FIG. 24 illustrates a shaft having one or more memory reducing wraps in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0039]
  • FIG. 25 illustrates a shaft including longitudinal stripes of a high durometer material in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention; [0040]
  • FIGS. 26-29 illustrate alternative embodiments of a gripping mechanism that rotates an imaging endoscope shaft in accordance with the present invention; [0041]
  • FIGS. 30A and 30B illustrate a retractable sleeve used with another embodiment of the present invention; [0042]
  • FIG. 31 illustrates one embodiment of a heat dissipating distal tip of an endoscope in accordance with the present invention; and [0043]
  • FIGS. 32 and 33 illustrate alternative embodiments of a heat dissipating distal tip in accordance with the present invention.[0044]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • As indicated above, the present invention is an endoscopic video imaging system that allows a physician to view internal body cavities of a patient as well as to insert surgical instruments into the patient's body. An imaging endoscope used with the present invention is sufficiently inexpensive to manufacture such that the endoscope can be considered a disposable item. [0045]
  • As shown in FIG. 1A, an endoscopic video imaging system [0046] 10 according to one embodiment of the present invention includes an imaging endoscope 20, a motion control cabinet 50 and a handheld controller 80. The imaging endoscope 20 has a distal tip 22 that is advanced into a patient's body cavity and a proximal end 24 that is connected to the motion control cabinet 50. As will be explained in further detail below, the motion control cabinet 50 includes a number of actuators that control a steering mechanism within the endoscope in order to change the orientation of the distal tip 22. A physician or their assistant uses the handheld controller 80 to input control signals that move the distal tip 22 of the imaging endoscope 20. In addition, the motion control cabinet 50 may include connections to sources of air/gas and a flushing liquid such as water for clearing the imaging endoscope. The motion control cabinet 50 also includes imaging electronics to create and/or transfer images received from an image sensor to a video display for viewing by a physician or technician.
  • In the embodiment shown, the imaging endoscope [0047] 20 also includes a breakout box 26 that is positioned approximately midway along the length of the endoscope. The breakout box 26 provides an attachment point for a vacuum bottle 40 that collects liquids from a lumen within the imaging endoscope. The vacuum bottle 40 is controlled by a vacuum valve 28 that is positioned on the breakout box 26. Alternatively, the valve can be positioned within the motion control cabinet 50 and controlled from the handheld controller 80.
  • If desired, the handheld controller [0048] 80 can be secured to the breakout box 26 such that the two units can be moved as one if desired. Upon completion of a patient examination procedure, the imaging endoscope 20 is disconnected from the motion control cabinet 50 and disposed of. A new imaging endoscope 20 is then connected to the motion control cabinet 50 for the next examination procedure to be performed.
  • The embodiment shown in FIG. 1A is a “parallel” configuration whereby the endoscope [0049] 20 and handheld controller 80 are separately plugged into different connectors of the motion control cabinet 50. This parallel configuration allows one operator to handle the endoscope while another operator can handle the handheld controller 80. Alternatively, the handheld controller 80 may be secured to the endoscope 20 such that a single operator can control both. FIG. 1B illustrates a “serial” configuration of the invention. Here, the imaging endoscope 20 is connected to the motion control cabinet 50 through the handheld controller 80.
  • FIG. 2 shows further detail of one embodiment of the imaging endoscope [0050] 20. At the proximal end of the endoscope is a low torque shaft 24 and a connector 34 that connects the endoscope 20 to the motion control cabinet 50. Distal to the breakout box 26 is a higher torque shaft. At the distal end of the endoscope 20 is the distal tip 22 that includes a light illumination port, an image sensor, an entrance to a working lumen and a flushing lumen (not shown). Proximal to the distal tip 22 is an articulation joint 30 that provides sufficient flexibility to the distal section of the shaft such that the distal tip 22 can be directed over an angle of 180 degrees by the steering mechanism.
  • As discussed above, the endoscope [0051] 20 in accordance with one embodiment of the invention, has a higher torque shaft at the distal section of the endoscope and a lower torque shaft at its proximal end. The breakout box 26 positioned along the length of the endoscope shaft can be used as a handle or gripper to impart rotation of the distal end of the endoscope during a medical examination procedure. The higher torque portion of the shaft transfers rotational motion that is imparted at a location proximal to the distal tip in order to guide the distal tip of the imaging catheter. The low torque shaft portion of the imaging catheter does not transfer torque as well and can twist when rotational motion is applied.
  • In use, the physician can insert a medical device such as a biopsy forceps, snare, etc., into a connector [0052] 32 found on the breakout box 26 that leads to a working channel lumen in the endoscope. In alternate embodiments, the entrance to the working channel lumen may be positioned further towards the proximal end of the endoscope.
  • FIG. 3A is a block diagram of the major components included within one embodiment of the motion control cabinet [0053] 50. The motion control cabinet is preferably positioned on a cart that is wheeled near a patient prior to an examination procedure. The motion control cabinet is connected to a source of electrical power, either A.C. mains or a battery, as well as to a source of insufflation gas and irrigation liquid. Inside the motion control cabinet 50 is a controller interface 52 that is connected to the handheld controller 80 and receives control signals therefrom. To change the orientation of the distal tip of the imaging endoscope, the control signals are received from a directional switch in the handheld controller 80. The control signals are supplied to a servo motor controller 54 that in turn controls a number of actuators, such as servo motors 56 a, 56 b, 56 c, 56 d. Each of the servo motors 56 a-56 d is connected to one or more control cables within the imaging endoscope. Motion of the servo motors 56 a-56 d pulls or releases the control cables in order to change the orientation of the distal tip 22 of the imaging endoscope 20. Although the embodiment shown in FIG. 3A shows four servo motors and control cables, it will be appreciated that fewer or more servo motors and corresponding control cables could be used to move the distal tip. For example, some imaging endoscopes may use three control cables and three associated servo motors.
  • Also included in the motion control cabinet [0054] 50 is a power source 58 that provides electrical power to a light source such as a number of light emitting diodes (LEDs) at the distal end 22 of the imaging endoscope. Alternatively, if the imaging catheter utilizes an external light source, then the motion control cabinet can include a high intensity light source such as a laser or Xenon white light source that supplies light to a fiber optic illumination guide within the imaging endoscope 20 in order to illuminate an internal body organ. The power source 58 may be controlled by control signals received from the handheld controller 80 when the user desires to activate the light source.
  • An imaging electronics board [0055] 60 captures images received from an image sensor (not shown) at the distal end of the imaging endoscope. The imaging electronics board 60 can enhance the images received or can provide video effects such as zoom, color changes, highlighting, etc., prior to display of the images on a video display (not shown). Images of the tissue may also be analyzed by the imaging electronics board 60 to produce control signals that are supplied to the servo motor controller 54 in order to automatically steer the distal tip of the endoscope as will be discussed in further detail below. Images produced by the imaging electronics board 60 may also be printed on a digital printer, saved to a computer readable media such as a floppy disk, CD, DVD, etc., or a video tape for later retrieval and analysis by a physician.
  • Finally, the motion control cabinet [0056] 50 includes valves 70 that control the delivery of insufflation air/gas to insufflate a patient's body cavity and an irrigation liquid to flush out a body cavity and/or clean the imaging light source and image sensor at the distal end of the endoscope. The insufflation air/gas and irrigation liquid are connected to the imaging catheter via a connector 38 that connects to an irrigation/insufflation lumen of the imaging endoscope 20. In one embodiment of the invention, the irrigation and insufflation lumen are the same lumen in the imaging catheter. However, it will be appreciated that separate irrigation and insufflation lumens could be provided if desired and if space in the endoscope permits.
  • FIG. 3B illustrates another embodiment of a motion control cabinet [0057] 50A that is similar to the cabinet shown in FIG. 3A. The motion control cabinet 50A includes a vacuum valve 71 that controls vacuum delivered to a vacuum collection bottle 40. A vacuum line 73 connects to a vacuum lumen within the imaging endoscope 20. The vacuum valve 71 is controlled from the handheld controller 80.
  • FIGS. 4A-4D illustrate one mechanism for securing the proximal end of the imaging endoscope to the control cabinet [0058] 50 prior to performing an endoscopic examination. The control cabinet 50 includes a connector 34A having a number of shafts 57 that are driven by the servo motors 56 shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B. Each shaft 57 is shaped to be received in a corresponding spool on which the control cables are wound. Also included in the connector 34A are connections to the insufflation and irrigation valves 70 and vacuum valve 71 to provide air, water and vacuum to the endoscope.
  • FIGS. 4A and 4B illustrate one possible connector [0059] 34 found at the proximal end of the endoscope 20 for securing the endoscope to the motion control cabinet 50. The connector 34 includes a number of thumbscrews 77 or other quick release mechanisms that allow the connector 34 to be easily secured to the connector 34A on the motion control cabinet. As shown in FIG. 4C, the connector 34A includes a number of spools 79 about which the control cables are wound. Each spool is preferably threaded or grooved to prevent the control cables from binding on the spool during use. A cover may surround a portion of the spool to keep the control cables against the spool and to aid in supporting the spool within the connector 34. In one embodiment of the invention, the spools are prevented from rotating when the connector is not engaged with the motion control cabinet 50 by brakes 81 having pins that fit within corresponding slots in the spool. Once the connector 34 is mounted to the motion control cabinet 50, the brakes 81 are disengaged from the spool such that the spool can be moved by the servo motors. Electrical connections for the light source and image sensor as well as connections to the air and water valves can be found on the sides of the connector or on the rear face of the connector 34 to engage the valves, as shown in FIG. 4A.
  • FIG. 4D illustrates a cross-sectional view of a shaft [0060] 57 fitted within a spool 79. The shaft 57 is supported by a cylinder 59 having a spring 61 therein such that the shaft 57 is free to move within the cylinder 59. The cylinder 59 is directly coupled to the servo motors within the motion control cabinet. The spring 61 allows the shaft 57 to float such that the shaft can more easily align and engage the mating surface of the spool 79.
  • Upon insertion of the shaft [0061] 57 into the spool 79, the brake 81 is released, thereby allowing the spool 79 to be moved by rotation of the cylinder 59. In some instances, the brake 81 may be omitted, thereby allowing the spools 79 to freely rotate when the connector 34 is not engaged with the motion control cabinet 50.
  • FIG. 5 illustrates various controls located on the handheld controller [0062] 80 in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. The handheld controller 80 includes a controller body 82 that, in the parallel embodiment of the invention, is coupled to the motion control cabinet 50 by an electrical cord 84, a wireless radio frequency channel, an infrared or other optical link. If the connection is made with an electrical cord, a strain relief 86 is positioned at the junction of the electrical cord 84 and the body 82 of the controller to limit the bending of the electrical wires within the electrical cord 84. In the serial embodiment of the invention, the connection of the handheld controller 80 to the motion control cabinet 50 is made with a conductor that includes both the wires to transmit signals to the motion controllers and imaging systems, as well as a lumens to carry the insufflation air/gas and irrigation liquid. In addition, the control cables of the endoscope engage cables connected to the actuators in the motion control cabinet through the handheld controller 80.
  • Positioned in an ergonomic arrangement on the handheld controller [0063] 80 are a number of electrical switches. An articulation joystick 88 or other multi-positional device can be moved in a number of positions to allow the physician to orient the distal tip of the imaging endoscope in a desired direction. In order to guide the imaging endoscope manually, the physician moves the joystick 88 while watching an image on a video monitor or by viewing the position of the distal tip with another medial imaging technique such as fluoroscopy. As the distal tip of the endoscope is steered by moving the joystick 88 in the desired direction, the physician can push, pull and/or twist the endoscope to guide the distal tip in the desired direction.
  • A camera button [0064] 90 is provided to capture an image of an internal body cavity or organ in which the imaging endoscope 20 is placed. The images collected may be still images or video images. The images may be adjusted for contrast or otherwise enhanced prior to display or storage on a recordable media.
  • An irrigation button [0065] 92 activates an irrigation source to supply a liquid such as water through an irrigation lumen of the imaging endoscope. The liquid serves to clean an image sensor and the light source at the distal end of the endoscope as well as an area of the body cavity. An insufflation button 94 is provided to activate the insufflation source within the motion control cabinet 50 to supply air/gas through a lumen of the catheter. The supply of the insufflation gas expands portions of the body cavity around the distal tip of the endoscope so that the physician can more easily advance the endoscope or better see the tissue in front of the endoscope.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the handle [0066] 82 also includes a thumb screw 96 for securing the handheld controller 80 to the breakout box 26 as indicated above. A corresponding set of threads on a breakout box 26 receive the thumb screw 96 in order to join the two parts together. One or more additional buttons 98 may also be provided to activate additional functions such as recording or printing images, adjusting light intensity, activating a vacuum control valve, etc., if desired.
  • The endoscope of the present invention may also be steered automatically. Images received by the imaging electronics [0067] 60 are analyzed by a programmed processor to determine a desired direction or orientation of the distal tip of the endoscope. In the case of a colonoscopy, where the endoscope is advanced to the cecum, the processor controls the delivery of insufflation air/gas to inflate the colon, the processor then analyzes the image of the colon for a dark spot that generally marks the direction in which the scope is to be advanced. The processor then supplies control instructions to the servo controller 54 such that the distal tip is oriented in the direction of the dark spot located.
  • In other modes, a processor in the motion control cabinet causes the distal tip of the endoscope to move in a predefined pattern. For example, as the scope is being withdrawn, the distal tip may be caused to move in a search pattern such that all areas of a body cavity are scanned for the presence of disease. By using the automatic control of the distal tip, a physician only has to advance or retract the scope to perform an examination. [0068]
  • As will be described in further detail below, the imaging endoscope [0069] 20 generally comprises a hollow shaft having one or more lumens formed of polyethylene tubes which terminate at the distal tip 22. As shown in FIG. 6, one embodiment of a distal tip 110 comprises a cylinder having a distal section 112 and a proximal section 114. The proximal section 114 has a smaller diameter than the diameter of the distal section 112 in order to form a stepped shoulder region. The diameter of the shoulder is selected that shaft walls of the endoscope can seat on the shoulder region to form a smooth outer surface with the distal section 112. The distal face of the distal tip 110 includes a number of ports, including a camera port 116, one or more illumination ports 118, an access port or working channel lumen 120, and a directional flush port 122.
  • Fitted within the camera port [0070] 116 is an image sensor (not shown) that preferably comprises a CMOS imaging sensor or other solid state device and one or more glass or polymeric lenses that produce electronic signals representative of an image of the tissue in front of the camera port 116. The image sensor is preferably a low light sensitive, low noise video VGA, CMOS, color imager or higher resolution sensor such as SVGA, SXGA, or XGA. The video output of the sensor may be in any conventional format including PAL, NTSC or high definition video format.
  • The illumination port [0071] 118 houses one or more lenses and one or more light emitting diodes (LEDs) (not shown). The LEDs may be high intensity white light sources or may comprise colored light sources such as red, green and blue LEDs. With colored LEDs, images in different spectral bands may be obtained due to illumination with any-one or more individual colors. White light images may be obtained by the simultaneous or sequential illumination of the colored LEDs and combining individual color images. As an alternative to LEDs, the light source may be external to the endoscope and the illumination light delivered to the illumination port with a fiber optic bundle.
  • The access port [0072] 120 is the termination point of the working channel or lumen of the endoscope 20. In the embodiment described above, the proximal end of the working channel terminates at the breakout box 26 as shown in FIG. 2. However, the working channel could terminate nearer the proximal end of the imaging catheter.
  • The directional flush port [0073] 122 includes a cap 124 that directs liquid supplied through an irrigation and insufflation lumen across the front face of the distal tip 110 in the direction of the camera port 116 and/or the illumination port 118. The cap 124 thereby serves to clean the camera port 116 and the illumination port 118 for a better view of the internal body cavity in which the imaging catheter is placed. In addition, the flushing liquid cleans an area of tissue surrounding the distal end of the endoscope.
  • FIG. 7 shows further detail of one embodiment of a distal tip [0074] 110 of the imaging endoscope. In this embodiment, the tip section 110 includes a number of counter bored holes 126 that are positioned around the circumference of the distal tip 110. The counter bored holes 126 receive swaged or flanged ends of the control cables that orient the distal tip. Tension on the control cables pull the distal tip 110 in the direction of the tensioning force.
  • FIG. 8 is a lengthwise, cross-sectional view of an imaging endoscope [0075] 20 in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. The distal tip 110 is adhesively secured, welded or otherwise bonded within a center lumen at the distal end of the articulation joint 30. Secured to the proximal end of the articulation joint 30 is a distal end of a shaft 128. As discussed above, the shaft 128 is preferably stiffer or better able to transmit torque towards the distal end of the endoscope than at the proximal end of the endoscope.
  • The control cables [0076] 130 that move the distal tip of the endoscope are preferably made of a non-stretching material such as stainless steel or a highly oriented polyethylene-theralate (PET) string. The control cables may be routed within a center lumen of the shaft 128 or, as shown in FIG. 8, may be routed through lumens formed within the walls of the shaft. The control cables 130 extend through guides within the walls of articulation joint 30 and terminate either at the distal end of the articulation joint 30 or in the distal tip section 110.
  • If the control cables are routed through the center lumen of the shaft [0077] 128, the cables are preferably carried in stainless steel or plastic spiral wrapped lumens to prevent binding and a transition guide 140 such as that as shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B may be used to guide the control cables into the proximal end of the articulation joint. The transition guide 140 has a proximal end 142 that is secured within a lumen of the distal end of the shaft. A central body portion 144 of the transition guide 140 has a diameter equal to the outer diameter of the imaging endoscope. In addition, the body portion 144 includes a number of diagonal lumens 148 that extend from a center lumen of the proximal end 142 to an outer surface of a stepped distal end 146 of the transition guide. The distal end 146 is secured within a proximal end of the articulation joint 30. Control cables in the diagonally extending lumens 148 are therefore guided to the outer edge of the catheter where they extend through the guides or control cable lumens of the articulation joint 30.
  • FIGS. 10A, 10B illustrate one embodiment of a shaft that comprises the imaging endoscope [0078] 20. The shaft 160 has a cover 162 that may include a wire or other braid 164 embedded therein. The braid 164, if present, allows the torque characteristics of the shaft to be adjusted. The cover 162 may be formed by placing a sleeve over a mandrel. The braid 164 is placed over the sleeve and the mandrel is dipped into or sprayed with a coating material. Preferably the sleeve and coating material are made of polyurethane or other biocompatible materials such as polyethylene, polypropylene or polyvinyl alcohol. In addition, the interior lumen(s) and exterior of the shaft can be coated with a extrudable, hydrophilic, lubricious coating such as the HYDROPASS™ hydrophilic coating available from Boston Scientific, of Natick, Mass., and described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,702,754 and 6,048,620 which are herein incorporated by reference.
  • A plastic spiral wrap [0079] 166 such as spiral wire wrap available from Panduit Inc. is inserted into a lumen of the cover 162. The spiral wrap 166 prevents the shaft 160 from crushing as it is bent around a patient's anatomy.
  • In one embodiment of the shaft [0080] 160, the spiral wrap has a thickness of 0.060 inches and a pitch of {fraction (3/16)} inch. However, it will be appreciated that other thicknesses of spiral wrap with a different pitch could be used to provide the desired column strength and bend modulus as well as to prevent kinking.
  • FIG. 11 shows one method of altering the torque fidelity of the distal and proximal portions of the shaft. The shaft [0081] 160 has a flexible section 170 that is proximal to the break out box and a stiffer section 172 that is distal to the break out box. The portion of the scope that is distal to the break out box has an increasing flexibility toward the distal tip and conversely a higher torque fidelity and column strength proximally. To increase the torque fidelity characteristics of the distal section 172 of the shaft, a braid 164 in that section includes two or more wires that are wound in opposite directions. In one embodiment, the wire braid has a pitch of 14-16 pik. However, the number of wires and their spacing can be adjusted as needed in order to tailor the torque fidelity of the shaft.
  • The proximal end [0082] 170 of the shaft 160 has a single spiral of wire 176 that is preferably wound in the same direction as the plastic spiral wrap 166 in the center lumen of the shaft 160. Again, the torque fidelity of the proximal end of the shaft 170 can be adjusted by adjusting the pitch and/or direction of the wire 176 and its flexibility.
  • As will be appreciated, the single wire spiral [0083] 176 provides some torque fidelity but does have the same torque fidelity as the dual wire braid in the distal section of the shaft. The single wire spiral 176 may be omitted from the proximal portion of the shaft if even less torque fidelity is desired.
  • In order to facilitate steering the distal tip of imaging endoscope, the endoscope includes an articulation joint that allows the distal tip to be turned back on itself, i.e., over an arc of 180 degrees, by the control cables. As shown FIG. 12A, [0084] 12B[,?] an articulation joint 200 is formed from a cylinder of a plastically deformable material having a central lumen 202, and a number of control wire lumens 204 located in the walls of the articulation joint. If desired, the space between the control wire lumens in the cylinder wall may be thinner such that the control wire lumens form bosses that extend into the central lumen of the cylinder. The control cable lumens 204 are preferably oriented at 120° apart if three control cables are used or 90° apart if four control cables are used.
  • To facilitate bending of the articulation joint, the cylinder includes a number of live hinges [0085] 220 formed along its length. As can be seen in FIG. 13, each live hinge 220 comprises a pair of opposing V-shaped cuts 230 on either side of the cylinder and are separated by a flexible web 232 that forms the bendable portion of the hinge. In the embodiment designed for four control cables, each live hinge is oriented at 90 degrees with respect to an adjacent hinge.
  • Upon retraction of a control cable, those live hinges having webs [0086] 232 that are in line with the retracting control cable do not bend. Those live hinges having webs that are not in line with the control cable will be closed, thereby bending the articulation joint in the direction of the control cable under tension.
  • Another advantage of the articulation joint shown in FIG. 13 is that the distal end of the scope can be retracted by pulling all the control cables simultaneously. This allows the physician to maneuver the distal tip in the body without having to move the remaining length of the endoscope. This may be useful when performing surgical procedures such as obtaining a biopsy or snaring polyps. [0087]
  • The articulation joint can be formed by extruding a cylinder with the central and control cable lumens in place and cutting the cylinder tube with a knife, laser, water jet, or other material removal mechanism to form the live hinges. Alternatively, the articulation joint can be molded with the live hinge joints in place. As will be appreciated, the angles of the V-shaped cuts that form the hinges may be uniform or may vary along the length of the articulation joint. Similarly, the distance between adjacent live hinges may be uniform or may vary in order to tailor the bending and torque fidelity characteristics of the articulation joint. In one embodiment of the invention, each live hinge has a closing angle of 30° so that six hinges are required to provide 180° of movement. The distal end of the articulation joint [0088] 200 may be counter-bored to receive the distal tip section 110 of the endoscope, as discussed above. Similarly, the proximal end of the articulation joint 200 is adapted to receive the distal end of the shaft of the endoscope. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 13, the control cable lumens 204 are aligned with the widest spacing of the live hinges and with the web portion of each hinge. However, it may be desirable to offset the control cable lumens 204 with respect to the hinges in order to lessen potential binding of the control cables in the hinge. As indicated above, the articulation joint should be made of a biocompatible material that will bend but will not collapse. Suitable materials include polyurethane, polyethylene, polypropylene, or other biocompatible polymers.
  • To prevent wear by the control cables as they are pulled by the actuation mechanism in the motion control cabinet, it may be desirable to produce the articulation joint from a material having areas of different durometers. As shown in FIGS. 14 and 15, a cylinder formed from an extruded tube [0089] 240 has alternating bands of a high durometer material 242 and a lower durometer material 244 around its circumference. The lumens 246 used to route the control cables are formed in the high durometer material to resist abrasion as the control cables are tensioned and released. In addition, the high durometer material also reduces friction between the control cables and the surrounding lumen. FIG. 15 illustrates an articulation joint where the control cable lumens are offset with respect to the orientation of the web portions 248 of the live hinges so that the control cables do not pass through the web portion of the hinge.
  • FIGS. 16A, 16B illustrate an alternative embodiment of an articulation joint. In this embodiment, the joint comprises a series of ball and socket connectors that are linked together. As shown in FIG. 16A, each connector includes a socket section [0090] 290 and a ball section 292. The ball section 292 fits in a socket section 290 of an adjacent connector. A lumen 294 extends axially through the ball section 292 to allow for passage of the wires that connect to the light source and the image sensor and tubes that carry irrigation fluids and insufflation gases. The ball and socket sections are preferably molded of a biocompatible polymer.
  • Each socket section can be formed with a fully formed ball section such as ball section [0091] 300 shown in FIG. 17A. Alternatively, a partial ball section such as ball section 304 can be formed on a socket section 306 as shown in FIG. 17B. To provide room for the control cables to move, the ball section can include slot 308 as shown in FIGS. 17A, 17B that cuts through the middle and sides of the ball section. Alternatively, a number of smaller slots 310 can be positioned around the circumference of the ball section as shown in FIGS. 17C and 17D. The slots allow the control cables to be shortened under tension. A number of holes 312 at the interface of the ball section and socket section allows passage of the control cables from the socket section into the ball section as shown in FIG. 17D.
  • In another embodiment of an articulation joint, the joint is made of a series of stacked discs that are positioned adjacent one another and move with respect to each other. As shown in FIG. 18A, a disc [0092] 350 comprises an annular ring 352 having a pair of rearward facing rocker surfaces or cams 354 and a pair of forward facing rocker surfaces or cams 356. The cams 354 are positioned 180° apart on the rear surface of the annular ring 352, while the forward facing cams 356 are positioned 180 degrees apart on the forward face of the annular ring 352. In the embodiment shown, the forward cams 356 are oriented at 90° with respect to the rear cams 354. Opposite each cam on the other side of the annular ring is a flat land section so that the cams of an adjacent disc may engage with and rock on the flat section. Holes 360 are drilled through the annular ring and through the cams for passage of the control cables. Upon tension of the control cables, the discs will rock on the surface of the cams 354, 356 thereby bending the articulation joint in the desired direction.
  • FIG. 18B shows an articulation joint made up of a series of stacked discs [0093] 350 a, 350 b, 350 c . . . engaged with one another to form an articulation joint. A number of control cables 370 a, 370 b, 370 c, 370 d, pass through the discs and are used to pull the discs on the cam surfaces to move the joint in the desired direction.
  • FIGS. 19A and 19B show an alternative embodiment of the articulation joint shown in FIGS. 18A and 18B. In this embodiment, an articulation joint comprises a series of stacked discs [0094] 380, each comprising an annular ring having a pair of concave pockets 382 on its rear surface and a pair of correspondingly shaped convex cams 384 on its front surface. The concave pockets 382 are oriented at 90° with respect to the convex cams 384 so that adjacent discs may be stacked such that the cams of a disc fit within the pockets of the adjacent disc. The corresponding shaped cams 384 and pockets 382 help prevent the discs from rotating with respect to one another. Holes or lumens 386 are formed through the annular ring 380 for passage of a number of control cables 390 a, 390 b, 390 c, 390 d, as shown in FIG. 19B. The holes or lumens 386 may be positioned at the center of the cams and pockets. However, the holes for the control cables may be offset from the position of the cams and pockets, if desired. Preferably discs 380 are molded from a biocompatible polymer having a relatively slick surface, such as polyurethane, polypropylene, or polyethylene, that reduces friction between adjacent cams and pockets.
  • FIGS. 20A and 20B show yet another alternative embodiment of an articulation joint. In this embodiment, the articulation joint is formed of a stack of discs, each of which comprises an annular ring. The annular ring has cams having an arcuate slot [0095] 392 molded therein that allows a control cable to move more freely in the cam as the disc is moved relative to an adjacent disc. As best shown in FIG. 20B, the slot 392 tapers from a widest point 394 at the outer edge of the cam to a narrow point 396 where the slot forms a cylindrical hole 398 that extends to the opposite edge of the annular ring 380. A control wire 390 b is free to bend within the widened portion of the arcuate slot 392 as an adjacent disc is rotated.
  • Although the discs of the articulation joints shown in FIGS. 18-20 are generally circular in shape, it will be appreciated that other shapes could be used. FIGS. 21A and 21B show an articulation joint formed from a number of sections having a generally square outer shape. As shown in FIG. 21A, a section [0096] 400 is a square band having a pair of pins 402 that extend outwardly on opposite sides of the rear surface of the square section. On the opposite sides of the front surface are a pair of opposing circular recesses 404 that are sized to receive the round pins 402 of an adjacent section. The embodiment shown, the control cables are routed through holes or lumens in corner blocks 406 that are found in each corner of the square section 400. FIG. 21B shows two adjacent square sections 400 a, 400 b secured together. As can be seen, the section 400 b can rotate up or down on its pins with respect to the adjacent section 400 a. Although circular and square articulation sections have been shown, it will be appreciated that other segment shapes such as triangular or pentagonal, etc., could also be used to form an articulation joint.
  • In some environments, a full 180° turning radius of the distal tip of the imaging endoscope may not be necessary. In those environments, the articulation joint may be replaced with a flexible member such as a braided stent. FIG. 22 shows an imaging endoscope [0097] 425 having a braided stent 430 as the articulation joint. The braided stent extends between a distal tip 432 and a connector 434 that joins the proximal end of the stent 430 with the distal end of a flexible shaft 436. A cover 438 extends over the flexible shaft 436 and the braided stent 430. Control cables (not shown) extend through a lumen of flexible shaft 436 and are used to pull the stent 430 such that the distal tip 432 is oriented in the desired direction. In addition, pulling all the control cables simultaneously allows the distal tip of the endoscope to be retracted.
  • FIG. 23 shows one method of securing the distal ends of the control cables to a braided stent [0098] 430. The control cables 440 a, 440 b, 440 c, 440 d can be woven through the wires of the stent 430 and terminated by forming loops around the wires that comprise the stent. Alternatively, the ends of the cables 440 can be soldered or adhesively secured to the wires of the stent.
  • In some embodiments, the articulation joint is designed to exert a restoring force so that imaging endoscope will tend to straighten upon the release of tension from the control cables. In other cases, it may be desirable to maintain the position of the distal tip in a certain direction. In that case, a construction as shown in FIG. 24 can be used. Here, the shaft of the imaging endoscope includes an inner sleeve [0099] 450 that is overlaid with two or more plastic spiral wraps 452, 454, and 456. Wrap 452 is wound in the clockwise direction while wrap 454 is wound in the counter-clockwise direction over the wrap 452 and the wrap 456 is wound in the same direction as the first wrap 452. The wraps are formed of a relatively coarse plastic material such that friction is created between the alternatingly wound layers of the wrap. A suitable material for the plastic wrap includes a braided polyester or polyurethane ribbon. Upon tension of the imaging endoscope by any of the control cables, the plastic spiral wraps will move with respect to each other and the friction between the overlapping wraps will tend to maintain the orientation of the imaging endoscope in the desired direction. The endoscope will remain in the desired direction until it is pulled in a different direction by the control cables. Covering the alternatingly wound spiral wraps 452, 454, and 456 is a braid 458. The braid is formed of one or more plastic or wire threads wound in alternate directions. An outer sleeve 460 covers the braid 458 to complete the shaft.
  • FIG. 25 shows another alternative embodiment of a shaft construction used in an imaging endoscope according to the present invention. The shaft includes a cover sheath [0100] 470 having bands of a high durometer material 472 and a low durometer material 474 that alternate around the circumference of the sheath 470. The high durometer material and low durometer materials form longitudinal strips that extend along the length of the shaft. Within the sheath 470 is a plastic spiral wrap 474 that prevents the shaft 470 from crushing as it is bent in a patient's anatomy. The high durometer materials add to the torque fidelity characteristics of the shaft. The width of the high durometer material strips compared to the low durometer material may be adjusted in accordance with the torque fidelity characteristics desired.
  • During examination with the imaging endoscope, the physician may need to twist the scope in order to guide it in the desired direction. Because the outer surface of the scope is preferably coated with a lubricant and it is round, it can be difficult for the physician to maintain an adequate purchase on the shaft in order to rotate it. As such, the imaging endoscope of the present invention may include a gripper mechanism that aids the physician in grasping the shaft for either rotating it or moving the shaft longitudinally. One embodiment of a shaft gripping device is shown in FIG. 26. Here, a gripper [0101] 500 comprises a unshaped member having a pair of legs 502, 504 that are aligned with the longitudinal axis of an imaging endoscope 20. At the distal end of the legs 502, 504 are two 90° bends 506, 508. The gripper 500 includes a hole 505 positioned at the curved bent portion of the gripper that joins the legs as well as holes in each of the 90° sections 506, 508. The imaging endoscope passes through the holes such that the gripper 500 is slideable along the length of the shaft portion of the endoscope. The spring nature of the material used to fashion the gripper causes the legs 502, 504 to be biased away from the shaft of the endoscope. Only the friction of the opposing holes at the bent portions 506, 508 prevent the gripper 500 from freely sliding along the length of the shaft. On the inner surface of the legs 502, 504 are a pair of touch pads 510, 512, having an inner surface that is shaped to match the outer circumference of the shaft portion of the endoscope. When the physician squeezes the legs 502, 504 radially inward, the touch pads 510, 512 engage the shaft such that the physician can push or pull the endoscope or rotate it. Upon release of the legs 502, 504, the touch pads 510, 512 release from the surface of the shaft and the gripper 500 can be moved along the length of the shaft to another location if desired.
  • FIG. 27 shows a gripper similar to that of FIG. 26 with like parts being identified with the same reference numbers. In this embodiment, the gripper includes two hemispherical discs [0102] 520, 522, positioned on the outside surface of the legs 502, 504. The hemispherical surfaces 520, 522 are designed to fit within the hand of the physician and increase the radial distance from the gripper to the shaft such that it is easier to twist the shaft, if desired.
  • FIG. 28 shows yet another alternative embodiment of a shaft gripper. In this example, a gripper [0103] 550 comprises a u-shaped member having a pair of legs 552, 554, that are oriented perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the imaging endoscope 20. The legs 552, 554 include a recessed section 556, 558 that is shaped to receive the outer diameter of the shaft portion of the endoscope. A thumbscrew 560 is positioned at the distal end of the legs such that the legs can be drawn together and cause the legs 554, 556 to securely engage the shaft of the endoscope. Upon release of the thumbscrew 560, the legs 554, 552 are biased away from the shaft such that the gripper 550 can be moved. The shaft can be twisted by rotating the legs 552, 554, with respect to the longitudinal axis of the shaft.
  • FIG. 29 shows an alternative embodiment of the gripper [0104] 550 shown in FIG. 28. In this example, the gripper 580 includes a u-shaped member having a pair of legs 582, 584. At the distal end of each leg is a recess 586, 588 that is shaped to receive the outer diameter of the shaft. The shaft is placed in the recesses 586, 588, and a thumbscrew is positioned between the ends of the legs 582, 584, and the u-shaped bend in the gripper 580. By tightening the thumbscrew 590, the legs are compressed against the shaft of the imaging endoscope 20, thereby allowing the physician to rotate the endoscope by moving the gripper 580.
  • In one embodiment of the invention the endoscope has a movable sleeve that operates to keep the distal end of the endoscope clean prior to use and covers the end of the scope that was in contact with a patient after the scope has been used. [0105]
  • FIGS. 30A and 30B illustrate one embodiment of an endoscope [0106] 594 having a sponge 504 at its distal end. The sponge fits over the endoscope and has a peel off wrapper that may be removed and water or other liquid can be applied to the sponge. The water activates a hydrophilic coating so that the distal end of the endoscope has an increased lubricity. In addition, the sponge functions as a gripper when compressed allowing the physician to pull and/or twist the endoscope.
  • A collapsible sleeve [0107] 598 is positioned over the distal end of the endoscope and can be retracted to expose the lubricated distal tip of the probe. In one embodiment, the sleeve 598 is secured at its distal end to the sponge 594 and at its proximal end to the breakout box. Moving the sponge proximally retracts the sleeve so that the endoscope is ready for use. After a procedure, the sponge 594 is moved distally to extend the sleeve over the distal end of the endoscope. With the sleeve extended, any contaminants on the probe are less likely to contact the patient, the physician or staff performing the procedure.
  • In some instances, it may be desirable to limit the amount of heat that is dissipated at the distal end of the imaging endoscope. If light emitting diodes are used, they generate heat in the process of producing light for illumination. Similarly, the image sensor generates some heat during operation. In order to limit how hot the distal end of the endoscope may become and/or to provide for increased life for these components, it is necessary to dissipate the heat. One technique for doing so is to fashion a heat sink at the distal tip of the imaging endoscope. As shown in FIG. 31, a distal tip [0108] 600 includes a cap 602 and a heat dissipating section 604 that is made of a heat dissipating material such as a biocompatible metal. The heat dissipating section 604 includes a semicircular opening 606 having a relatively flat base 608 that extends approximately along the diameter of the heat dissipating section 604. The flat base 608 forms a pad upon which electrical components such as the LEDs and image sensor can be mounted with a thermally conductive adhesive or other thermally conductive material. The heat generating devices will transfer heat generated during operation to the heat dissipating section 604. The distal cover 602 covers the distal end of the heat dissipating section 604 in order to prevent the heat dissipating section 604 from touching the tissue in the body as well as to protect the body as the imaging catheter is moved in the patient. Prisms, lenses, or other light bending devices may be needed to bend light entering the distal end of the endoscope to any imaging electronics that are secured to the relatively flat base 608 of the heat dissipating section 604.
  • FIG. 32 shows a heat dissipating distal tip of an endoscope wherein the distal tip does not include a cover but is molded from a single piece of heat dissipating material such as a biocompatible metal. The heat dissipating section [0109] 620 again includes a semicircular opening with a relatively flat surface 622 that extends along the diameter of the section and on which heat generating electronic devices can be mounted. With a semicircular opening formed in the distal end of the heat dissipating distal tip 620, the illumination mechanism and image sensor are mounted on the flat surface 622. The irrigation port is oriented to direct water over the hemispherical cutout in order to clean the illumination mechanism and image sensor or image sensor lenses.
  • In yet another embodiment of the invention, the imaging devices at the distal end of the endoscope can be cooled by air or water passed through a lumen to the end of the endoscope and vented outside the body. For example, air under pressure may be vented through an orifice near the imaging electronics. The expansion of the air lowers its temperature where it cools the imaging electronics. The warmed air is then forced to the proximal end of the endoscope through an exhaust lumen. Alternatively, the endoscope may include a water delivery lumen that delivers water to a heat exchanger at the distal tip. Water warmed by the electronic components in the distal tip is removed in a water return lumen. [0110]
  • FIG. 33 shows an alternative embodiment of the heat dissipating distal tip shown in FIG. 31. In this example, the heat dissipating distal tip [0111] 640 has a number of scalloped channels 642 positioned around the circumference of the distal tip. The scalloped channels 642 increase the surface area of the heat dissipating distal tip, thereby further increasing the ability of the tip to dissipate heat from the illumination and imaging electronic devices.
  • Although the present endoscopic imaging system has many uses, it is particularly suited for performing colonoscopic examinations. In one embodiment, a 10-13 mm diameter prototype having a 0.060 inner spiral wrap with a pitch of {fraction (1/4)} inch and coated with a hydrophilic coating was found to have a coefficient of friction of 0.15 compared to 0.85 for conventional endoscopes. In addition, the endoscope of the present invention required 0.5 lbs. of force to push it through a 2-inch U-shaped bend where a conventional endoscope could not pass, through such a tight bend. Therefore, the present invention allows colonoscopes to be made inexpensively and lightweight so that they are more comfortable for the patient due to their lower coefficient of friction and better trackability. [0112]
  • In addition to performing colonoscopies, the endoscopic imaging system of the present invention is also useful with a variety of surgical devices including: cannulas, guidewires, sphincterotomes, stone retrieval balloons, retrieval baskets, dilatation balloons, stents, cytology brushes, ligation devices, electrohemostasis devices, sclerotherapy needles, snares and biopsy forceps. [0113]
  • Cannulas are used with the endoscopic imaging system to cannulate the sphincter of Odi or papilla to gain access to the bile or pancreatic ducts. Guidewires can be delivered down the working channel of the endoscope and used as a rail to deliver a surgical device to an area of interest. Sphincterotomes are used to open the papilla in order to place a stent or remove a stone from a patient. Stone retrieval balloons are used along with a guidewire to pull a stone out of a bile duct. Retrieval baskets are also used to remove stones from a bile duct. Dilatation balloons are used to open up strictures in the gastrointestinal, urinary or pulmonary tracts. Stents are used to open up strictures in the GI, urinary or pulmonary tracts. Stents can be metal or plastic, self-expanding or mechanically expanded, and are normally delivered from the distal end of a catheter. Cytology brushes are used at the end of guidewires to collect cell samples. Ligation devices are used to ligate varices in the esophagus. Band ligators employ elastic bands to cinch varices. Electrohemostasis devices use electrical current to cauterize bleeding tissue in the GI tract. Sclerotherapy needles are used to inject coagulating or sealing solutions into varices. Snares are used to remove polyps from the GI tract, and biopsy forceps are used to collect tissue samples. [0114]
  • Examples of specific surgical procedures that can be treated with the endoscopic imaging system of the present invention include the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) by the implantation of bulking agents, implants, fundoplication, tissue scarring, suturing, or replacement of valves or other techniques to aid in closure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). [0115]
  • Another example of a surgical procedure is the treatment of morbid obesity by deploying implants or performing reduction surgery, gastric bypass and plication or creating tissue folds to help patients lose weight. [0116]
  • Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) involves the removal of sessile polyps or flat lesions by filling them with saline or the like to lift them prior to resection. The endoscope of the present invention can be used to deliver needles, snares and biopsy forceps useful in performing this procedure. [0117]
  • In addition, the endoscopic imaging system of the present invention can be used to perform full-thickness resection (FTRD) in which a portion of a GI tract wall is excised and the wounds healed with staplers or fasteners. Finally, the endoscopic imaging system of the present invention can be used to deliver sclerosing agents to kill tissues or drug delivery agents to treat maladies of internal body tissues. [0118]
  • While the preferred embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, it will be appreciated that various changes can be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, although some of the disclosed embodiments use the pull wires to compress the length of the endoscope, it will be appreciated that other mechanisms such as dedicated wires could be used. Alternatively, a spring can be used to bias the endoscope distally and wires used to compress the spring thereby shortening the length of the endoscope. Therefore, the scope of the invention is to be determined from the following claims and equivalents thereof. [0119]

Claims (47)

    The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
  1. 1. An imaging endoscope, comprising:
    a shaft having a proximal end and a distal end;
    an illumination port at the distal end of the shaft for illuminating tissue;
    an imaging port at the distal end of the shaft that includes an imaging sensor to produce an image of the tissue;
    a plastically deformable articulation joint disposed at the distal end of the shaft comprising a molded or extruded polymeric cylinder having a central lumen and a number of control cable lumens disposed about the circumference of the cylinder;
    a number of live hinges formed in the cylinder; and
    a number of control cables that are selectively activated to bend the articulation joint in a desired direction.
  2. 2. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, further comprising a working channel lumen in the shaft through which a medical device may be passed.
  3. 3. The imaging endoscope of claim 1 wherein each live hinge comprises two or more diametrically opposed angled cutouts in the polymeric cylinder that are joined by flexible webs.
  4. 4. The imaging endoscope of claim 3, wherein the control cables are aligned with the flexible webs of the live hinges.
  5. 5. The imaging endoscope of claim 3, wherein the control cables are offset from the flexible webs of the live hinges.
  6. 6. The imaging endoscope of claim 3, wherein adjacent live hinges along the length of the articulation joint are rotated with respect to each other.
  7. 7. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, wherein the shaft is coated with a lubricious material.
  8. 8. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, wherein the shaft includes an insufflation/irrigation lumen.
  9. 9. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the shaft includes a spiral wrap.
  10. 10. The imaging endoscope of claim 9, wherein the spiral wrap is approximately 0.060 inches thick and has a pitch of about {fraction (3/16)} inches.
  11. 11. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, wherein the articulation joint comprises an extruded cylinder made of two or more materials having different durometers.
  12. 12. The imaging endoscope of claim 11, wherein the control cable lumens are within a material having a higher durometer.
  13. 13. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, wherein the shaft is covered by a sleeve that includes wound wrap.
  14. 14. The imaging endoscope of claim 16, wherein the wrap has a number of threads and a pitch selected to adjust the torque characteristics of the shaft.
  15. 15. The imaging endoscope of claim 16, wherein the threads of the wound wrap are made of wire.
  16. 16. The imaging endoscope of claim 16, wherein the wound wrap has two or more threads that are braided.
  17. 17. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, wherein the articulation joint is longitudinally retractable by tensioning all the control cables.
  18. 18. The imaging endoscope of claim 1, further comprising a sleeve that selectively exposes the distal end of the endoscope.
  19. 19. An imaging endoscope, comprising:
    a shaft having a proximal end and a distal end;
    an illumination port at the distal end of the shaft for illuminating tissue;
    an imaging port at the distal end of the shaft that includes an imaging sensor to produce an image of the tissue;
    a plastically deformable articulation joint wherein the articulation joint includes a number of stacked annular disks each having a number of holes through which the control cables pass and camming surfaces that engage an adjacent annular disk in the articulation joint.
  20. 20. The imaging endoscope of claim 19, wherein the camming surfaces of adjacent annular disks are rotated with respect to each other.
  21. 21. An imaging endoscopic system, comprising:
    a control cabinet including a number of actuators that operate to control the orientation of an endoscope;
    an imaging board for producing images received from an image sensor in an endoscope;
    one or more valves to control the delivery of an irrigation fluid and insufflation air/gas to one or more lumens in an endoscope;
    a handheld controller including a number of controls that can be activated by a physician to supply commands to the control cabinet; and
    a single use endoscope that is connectable to the control cabinet, the endoscope including:
    a shaft with a proximal end and a distal end;
    an illumination mechanism for illuminating tissue;
    an image sensor at the distal end of the endoscope for producing images of tissue;
    an articulation joint that permits the distal end of the endoscope to move; and
    a number of control cables that are selectively tensioned by the actuators to orient the distal tip of the endoscope.
  22. 22. The imaging endoscope system of claim 21, wherein the proximal end of the endoscope is connectable to the control cabinet.
  23. 23. The imaging endoscopic system of claim 21, wherein the endoscope is connected to the control cabinet through the handheld controller.
  24. 24. The imaging endoscopic system of claim 21, wherein the handheld controller is connected to the control cabinet through a wired link.
  25. 25. The imaging endoscopic system of claim 21 wherein the handheld controller is connected to the motion control cabinet through a wireless link.
  26. 26. A system for obtaining images of a patient's internal body cavity, comprising:
    a reusable control cabinet including:
    means for controlling the movement of a distal end of an endoscope;
    means for controlling the delivery of an irrigation fluid and/or an insufflation air/gas to lumen(s) of the endoscope;
    means for producing images of tissue received from signals produced by an image sensor at the distal end of an endoscope;
    an input mechanism for supplying signals to control the operation of the control cabinet; and
    a disposable endoscope that is connectable to the control cabinet that obtains images of tissue in the body cavity and is controllable by the control cabinet.
  27. 27. The system of claim 26, wherein the input mechanism comprises a handheld controller connected to the control cabinet with a wired link.
  28. 28. The system of claim 26, wherein the input mechanism comprises a handheld controller connected to the control cabinet with a wireless link.
  29. 29. An endoscope, comprising:
    a shaft having a proximal end, a distal end and a central lumen extending therethrough;
    an illumination port at the distal end of the shaft;
    an imaging port including an image sensor at the distal end of the shaft;
    an articulation joint at or adjacent the distal end of the shaft comprising a molded or extruded polymeric cylinder having a number of hinge mechanisms that can be opened and closed to bend the distal end of the shaft; and
    a number of control cables that are selectively tensioned to close one or more of the hinge mechanisms of the articulation joint.
  30. 30. The endoscope of claim 29, wherein the shaft is coated with a hydrophilic coating.
  31. 31. The endoscope of claim 29, wherein the shaft includes a spiral wrap therein.
  32. 32. The endoscope of claim 29, wherein the illumination port includes a number of light emitting diodes.
  33. 33. The endoscope of claim 29, wherein the illumination port includes a number of optical fibers that direct illumination light received from an external source.
  34. 34. The endoscope of claim 29 wherein the polymeric articulation joint is formed of two or more materials each having a different durometer.
  35. 35. The endoscope of claim 34, wherein the control cables pass through lumens in the articulation joint that are within a material having a higher durometer.
  36. 36. The endoscope of claim 29, wherein the hinge mechanisms are equally spaced along the length of the articulation joint.
  37. 37. The endoscope of claim 29, wherein the hinge mechanisms are not equally spaced along the length of the articulation joint.
  38. 38. An imaging endoscope, comprising:
    a shaft having a proximal end, a distal end and a working channel lumen therein;
    a number of control cables that are connectable to a number of motion controllers to control the orientation of the distal tip;
    an articulation joint comprising a braided stent that is moved by the control cables to orient the distal tip of the endoscope;
    one or more light emitting diodes at the distal tip to produce illumination light; and
    an image sensor at the distal end of the endoscope to produce images of tissue.
  39. 39. The imaging endoscope of claims 40, further comprising:
    means for dissipating heat from the light emitting diodes and image sensor.
  40. 40. The imaging endoscope of claim 38, further comprising a lumen into which a liquid or gas is delivered and an orifice in the lumen adjacent the light emitting diode and image sensor to direct the air or gas over the light emitting diodes and image sensor to dissipate heat.
  41. 41. An endoscope for viewing internal body cavities of a patient, comprising:
    a shaft having a central lumen and a braid embedded within a wall of the shaft;
    a plastically deformable articulation joint at or adjacent a distal end of the endoscope, the articulation joint including a number of live hinges and lumens through which control cables are passed;
    a number of control cables within the lumens of the articulation joint; wherein the distal end of the endoscope may be turned in a desired direction by selectively tightening control cables and the distal tip of the endoscope can be retracted by tightening all the control cables simultaneously.
  42. 42. The endoscope of claim 45, wherein the control cables are made of metal.
  43. 43. The endoscope of claim 45, wherein the control cables are made of PET.
  44. 44. The endoscope of claim 41, wherein the control cables are routed within spiral wrapped lumens within the sleeve.
  45. 45. An endoscope for viewing internal body cavities of a patient, comprising:
    a shaft having a lumen therein;
    an articulation joint at or near the distal end of the shaft for selectively orienting the distal end of the shaft;
    an imaging system positioned at or adjacent the distal end of the shaft including a light source and an image sensor for capturing images of the patient's body cavity; and
    a retractable sleeve that selectively uncovers the distal end of the shaft for use with a patient and recovers the distal end of the shaft after a patient examination procedure.
  46. 46. The endoscope of claim 45, wherein the retractable sleeve is connected to a gripper on the shaft that is used to rotate the shaft.
  47. 47. The endoscope of claim 46, wherein the shaft is coated with a hydrophilic coating and the gripper includes a sponge that can be wetted to activate the hydrophilic coating.
US10406149 2003-04-01 2003-04-01 Endoscopic imaging system Abandoned US20040199052A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10406149 US20040199052A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2003-04-01 Endoscopic imaging system

Applications Claiming Priority (29)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10406149 US20040199052A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2003-04-01 Endoscopic imaging system
PCT/US2004/009464 WO2004086957A3 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Single use endoscopic imaging system
CN 200480014054 CN1794944A (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Single use endoscopic imaging system
CA 2521027 CA2521027A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Single use endoscopic imaging system
JP2006509401A JP4676427B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Disposable endoscopic image system
EP20140194353 EP2907446B1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Articulation joint
EP20130175808 EP2649928A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Articulation joint
US10811781 US7413543B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Endoscope with actively cooled illumination sources
EP20040749481 EP1610665B1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Single use endoscopic imaging system
EP20130164194 EP2617350B1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Articulation joint
US10955923 US20050154262A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-09-30 Imaging system for video endoscope
US10955949 US8118732B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-09-30 Force feedback control system for video endoscope
US10955922 US20050222499A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-09-30 Interface for video endoscope system
US10956007 US7578786B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-09-30 Video endoscope
US10955950 US20050245789A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-09-30 Fluid manifold for endoscope system
US10956011 US7591783B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-09-30 Articulation joint for video endoscope
US12111082 US20080269561A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2008-04-28 Endoscopic imaging system
US12546680 US8475366B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2009-08-24 Articulation joint for a medical device
US12561989 US8425408B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2009-09-17 Articulation joint for video endoscope
US12751029 US8535219B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2010-03-31 Fluid manifold for endoscope system
JP2010097432A JP2010158566A (en) 2003-04-01 2010-04-20 Disposable endoscope imaging system
US13302555 US8608648B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2011-11-22 Articulation joint
US13341191 US8622894B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2011-12-30 Articulation joint
US13847984 US20130289352A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2013-03-20 Articulation joint for video endoscope
US13900309 US20130261396A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2013-05-22 Articulation joint for a medical device
US14081841 US20140073852A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2013-11-15 Force feedback control system for video endoscope
US14092505 US9913573B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2013-11-27 Endoscopic imaging system
US14615047 US20150216396A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2015-02-05 Force feedback control system for video endoscope
US15885487 US20180168432A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2018-01-31 Endoscopic imaging system

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10811781 Continuation-In-Part US7413543B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Endoscope with actively cooled illumination sources
US12111082 Continuation US20080269561A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2008-04-28 Endoscopic imaging system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20040199052A1 true true US20040199052A1 (en) 2004-10-07

Family

ID=33097264

Family Applications (6)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10406149 Abandoned US20040199052A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2003-04-01 Endoscopic imaging system
US10811781 Active 2024-08-22 US7413543B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Endoscope with actively cooled illumination sources
US12111082 Abandoned US20080269561A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2008-04-28 Endoscopic imaging system
US13341191 Active US8622894B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2011-12-30 Articulation joint
US14092505 Active 2025-01-21 US9913573B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2013-11-27 Endoscopic imaging system
US15885487 Pending US20180168432A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2018-01-31 Endoscopic imaging system

Family Applications After (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10811781 Active 2024-08-22 US7413543B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-03-29 Endoscope with actively cooled illumination sources
US12111082 Abandoned US20080269561A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2008-04-28 Endoscopic imaging system
US13341191 Active US8622894B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2011-12-30 Articulation joint
US14092505 Active 2025-01-21 US9913573B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2013-11-27 Endoscopic imaging system
US15885487 Pending US20180168432A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2018-01-31 Endoscopic imaging system

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (6) US20040199052A1 (en)
EP (4) EP2907446B1 (en)
JP (2) JP4676427B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1794944A (en)
CA (1) CA2521027A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2004086957A3 (en)

Cited By (160)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005094661A1 (en) * 2004-03-30 2005-10-13 Cathrx Ltd A catheter steering device
US20050256429A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-11-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Guidewire structure
US20050256374A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-11-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Medical instrument having a guidewire and an add-to catheter
US20050281520A1 (en) * 2004-06-16 2005-12-22 Kehoskie Michael P Borescope comprising fluid supply system
WO2006039512A1 (en) 2004-09-30 2006-04-13 Boston Scientific Limited Fluid delivery system for use with an endoscope
WO2006039511A2 (en) 2004-09-30 2006-04-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. System and method of obstruction removal
US20060146127A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 General Electric Company Flexible borescope assembly for inspecting internal turbine components at elevated temperatures
US20060183977A1 (en) * 2003-10-06 2006-08-17 Olympus Corporation Endoscope
US20060184048A1 (en) * 2005-02-02 2006-08-17 Vahid Saadat Tissue visualization and manipulation system
US20060281972A1 (en) * 2005-01-10 2006-12-14 Pease Alfred A Remote inspection device
WO2007146469A1 (en) * 2006-06-16 2007-12-21 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Apparatus for maneuvering a therapeutic tool within a body lumen
US20080064920A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-13 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Medical drive system for providing motion to at least a portion of a medical apparatus
EP1900318A1 (en) 2006-09-15 2008-03-19 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Endoscope and endoscope system
JP2008514381A (en) * 2004-09-30 2008-05-08 ボストン サイエンティフィック リミテッドBoston Scientific Limited Video endoscope
US20080125629A1 (en) * 2004-08-26 2008-05-29 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Endoscope having auto-insufflation and exsufflation
US20080158349A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2008-07-03 Perceptron, Inc. Thermal Dissipation For Imager Head Assembly Of Remote Inspection Device
US20080194973A1 (en) * 2005-09-13 2008-08-14 Imam Farhad B Light-guided transluminal catheter
US20080205823A1 (en) * 2007-02-27 2008-08-28 James Phillip Luther Articulated force application for multi-fiber ferrules
US20080221437A1 (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-11 Agro Mark A Steerable snare for use in the colon and method for the same
US20080243031A1 (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-10-02 University Of Washington Catheter with imaging capability acts as guidewire for cannula tools
US20080243164A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue Moving Surgical Device
US20080242940A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 David Stefanchik Method of manipulating tissue
WO2008121143A1 (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-10-09 University Of Washington Catheter with imaging capability acts as guidewire for cannula tools
US20080262538A1 (en) * 2003-05-23 2008-10-23 Novare Surgical Systems, Inc. Articulating instrument
US20080287741A1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2008-11-20 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Articulating torqueable hollow device
US20080300457A1 (en) * 2003-10-06 2008-12-04 Olympus Corporation Endoscope
US20080312506A1 (en) * 2007-06-14 2008-12-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Control mechanism for flexible endoscopic device and method of use
US20090023983A1 (en) * 2007-07-16 2009-01-22 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical methods and devices with movement assistance
US20090069632A1 (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-12 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Medical instrument with a deflectable distal portion
US20090192495A1 (en) * 2008-01-24 2009-07-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Structure for use as part of a medical device
US20090240109A1 (en) * 2008-03-24 2009-09-24 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Flexible endoscope with core member
US20090248055A1 (en) * 2008-04-01 2009-10-01 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue penetrating surgical device
US20090315402A1 (en) * 2006-10-04 2009-12-24 The Tokyo Electric Power Company, Incorporated Ac-dc conversion device
US7655004B2 (en) 2007-02-15 2010-02-02 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electroporation ablation apparatus, system, and method
EP2148608A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-02-03 Voyage Medical, Inc. Complex shape steerable tissue visualization and manipulation catheter
US20100069715A1 (en) * 2008-09-12 2010-03-18 Perry Stephen J Flexible Conduit with Locking Element
US20100087711A1 (en) * 2008-10-06 2010-04-08 Gyrus Ent, L.L.C. Repeatably flexible surgical instrument
WO2010066790A1 (en) * 2008-12-10 2010-06-17 Ambu A/S Endoscope having a camera housing and method for making a camera housing
US20100160735A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2010-06-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Steerable surgical access devices and methods
US20100198011A1 (en) * 2003-04-14 2010-08-05 Softscope Medical Technologies, Inc. Self-propellable apparatus and method
US20100198005A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical access device
US20100249700A1 (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-09-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instruments for in vivo assembly
US7815662B2 (en) 2007-03-08 2010-10-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical suture anchors and deployment device
US7824270B2 (en) 2007-01-23 2010-11-02 C-Flex Bearing Co., Inc. Flexible coupling
US7860556B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2010-12-28 Voyage Medical, Inc. Tissue imaging and extraction systems
US20110071356A1 (en) * 2009-09-24 2011-03-24 Gyrus Ent, L.L.C. Repeatably flexible surgical instrument
US7918787B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2011-04-05 Voyage Medical, Inc. Tissue visualization and manipulation systems
US7918845B2 (en) 2003-01-15 2011-04-05 Usgi Medical, Inc. Endoluminal tool deployment system
US20110087071A1 (en) * 2004-11-23 2011-04-14 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulation sheath for flexible instruments
US7930016B1 (en) 2005-02-02 2011-04-19 Voyage Medical, Inc. Tissue closure system
US20110098529A1 (en) * 2009-10-28 2011-04-28 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Method and Apparatus Related to a Flexible Assembly at a Distal End Portion of a Medical Device
US7952718B2 (en) 2007-05-03 2011-05-31 University Of Washington High resolution optical coherence tomography based imaging for intraluminal and interstitial use implemented with a reduced form factor
US7955340B2 (en) 1999-06-25 2011-06-07 Usgi Medical, Inc. Apparatus and methods for forming and securing gastrointestinal tissue folds
US8037591B2 (en) 2009-02-02 2011-10-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical scissors
US8050746B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2011-11-01 Voyage Medical, Inc. Tissue visualization device and method variations
US8070759B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2011-12-06 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical fastening device
US8078266B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2011-12-13 Voyage Medical, Inc. Flow reduction hood systems
US8075572B2 (en) 2007-04-26 2011-12-13 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical suturing apparatus
US8100922B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2012-01-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Curved needle suturing tool
US20120029289A1 (en) * 2010-07-29 2012-02-02 Cannuflow, Inc. Optical Cap for Use With Arthroscopic System
US8114119B2 (en) 2008-09-09 2012-02-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical grasping device
US8114072B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-02-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation device
US20120046522A1 (en) * 2010-03-17 2012-02-23 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Endoscopic system
US8128559B2 (en) 2007-11-26 2012-03-06 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue retractors
US8131350B2 (en) 2006-12-21 2012-03-06 Voyage Medical, Inc. Stabilization of visualization catheters
US8137333B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2012-03-20 Voyage Medical, Inc. Delivery of biological compounds to ischemic and/or infarcted tissue
US8157834B2 (en) 2008-11-25 2012-04-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Rotational coupling device for surgical instrument with flexible actuators
US8172772B2 (en) 2008-12-11 2012-05-08 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Specimen retrieval device
US20120123395A1 (en) * 2010-11-15 2012-05-17 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible surgical devices
US8211125B2 (en) 2008-08-15 2012-07-03 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Sterile appliance delivery device for endoscopic procedures
US8221310B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2012-07-17 Voyage Medical, Inc. Tissue visualization device and method variations
US8235985B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2012-08-07 Voyage Medical, Inc. Visualization and ablation system variations
US8241204B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2012-08-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Articulating end cap
US8262680B2 (en) 2008-03-10 2012-09-11 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Anastomotic device
US8262655B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2012-09-11 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Bipolar forceps
US8262563B2 (en) 2008-07-14 2012-09-11 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Endoscopic translumenal articulatable steerable overtube
CN102727159A (en) * 2011-04-14 2012-10-17 富士胶片株式会社 Endoscope
US8317806B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-11-27 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Endoscopic suturing tension controlling and indication devices
US8333012B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2012-12-18 Voyage Medical, Inc. Method of forming electrode placement and connection systems
US8337394B2 (en) 2008-10-01 2012-12-25 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Overtube with expandable tip
US8353487B2 (en) 2009-12-17 2013-01-15 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. User interface support devices for endoscopic surgical instruments
US8361066B2 (en) 2009-01-12 2013-01-29 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation devices
US8361112B2 (en) 2008-06-27 2013-01-29 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical suture arrangement
US8382662B2 (en) 2003-12-12 2013-02-26 University Of Washington Catheterscope 3D guidance and interface system
US8396535B2 (en) 2000-06-19 2013-03-12 University Of Washington Integrated optical scanning image acquisition and display
US8403926B2 (en) 2008-06-05 2013-03-26 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Manually articulating devices
US8409200B2 (en) 2008-09-03 2013-04-02 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical grasping device
US8465515B2 (en) 2007-08-29 2013-06-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue retractors
US8480657B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2013-07-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Detachable distal overtube section and methods for forming a sealable opening in the wall of an organ
US8480689B2 (en) 2008-09-02 2013-07-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Suturing device
US8496574B2 (en) 2009-12-17 2013-07-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Selectively positionable camera for surgical guide tube assembly
US8506564B2 (en) 2009-12-18 2013-08-13 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising an electrode
US8517931B2 (en) 2007-11-26 2013-08-27 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue retractors
US8529563B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2013-09-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation devices
US8537203B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2013-09-17 University Of Washington Scanning beam with variable sequential framing using interrupted scanning resonance
US8568410B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2013-10-29 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation surgical instruments
US8579897B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2013-11-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Bipolar forceps
US8608652B2 (en) 2009-11-05 2013-12-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Vaginal entry surgical devices, kit, system, and method
US8652150B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2014-02-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Multifunction surgical device
US8657805B2 (en) 2007-05-08 2014-02-25 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Complex shape steerable tissue visualization and manipulation catheter
US8679003B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2014-03-25 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical device and endoscope including same
US8694071B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2014-04-08 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Image stabilization techniques and methods
US8709008B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2014-04-29 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Visual electrode ablation systems
US8758229B2 (en) 2006-12-21 2014-06-24 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Axial visualization systems
US8771260B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2014-07-08 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Actuating and articulating surgical device
WO2014106511A1 (en) 2013-01-07 2014-07-10 Ambu A/S An articulated tip part for an endoscope
US8828031B2 (en) 2009-01-12 2014-09-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Apparatus for forming an anastomosis
WO2014160164A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-10-02 The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital Authority D/B/A Carolinas Healthcare System Ureteroscope and associated method for the minimally invasive treatment of urinary stones
US8858609B2 (en) 2008-02-07 2014-10-14 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Stent delivery under direct visualization
US20140336455A1 (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-11-13 J. Mathieu Massicotte Toroidal balloon-driven vehicle
US8888792B2 (en) 2008-07-14 2014-11-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue apposition clip application devices and methods
US8894643B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2014-11-25 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Integral electrode placement and connection systems
US8906035B2 (en) 2008-06-04 2014-12-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Endoscopic drop off bag
WO2014201538A1 (en) 2013-06-19 2014-12-24 Titan Medical Inc. Articulated tool positioner and system employing same
US8920413B2 (en) * 2004-11-12 2014-12-30 Asthmatx, Inc. Energy delivery devices and methods
US8934962B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2015-01-13 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Electrophysiology mapping and visualization system
US8939897B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2015-01-27 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Methods for closing a gastrotomy
US8986199B2 (en) 2012-02-17 2015-03-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Apparatus and methods for cleaning the lens of an endoscope
GB2518815A (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-04-08 Jim Khan Examination System and Method
US9005198B2 (en) 2010-01-29 2015-04-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising an electrode
US9028483B2 (en) 2009-12-18 2015-05-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising an electrode
US9049987B2 (en) 2011-03-17 2015-06-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Hand held surgical device for manipulating an internal magnet assembly within a patient
US9049984B2 (en) 2008-04-16 2015-06-09 Bracco Diagnostics Inc. Gas water bottle adaptor
US9055906B2 (en) 2006-06-14 2015-06-16 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. In-vivo visualization systems
US9066655B2 (en) 2007-12-07 2015-06-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Selective stiffening devices and methods
US9072427B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2015-07-07 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Tool with articulation lock
US9078662B2 (en) 2012-07-03 2015-07-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Endoscopic cap electrode and method for using the same
CN104808925A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-29 联想(北京)有限公司 Electronic equipment and information processing method
US9101735B2 (en) 2008-07-07 2015-08-11 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Catheter control systems
US20150246205A1 (en) * 2014-02-28 2015-09-03 Darin Schaeffer Deflectable Catheters, Systems, and Methods for the Visualization and Treatment of Bodily Passages
US9161684B2 (en) 2005-02-28 2015-10-20 University Of Washington Monitoring disposition of tethered capsule endoscope in esophagus
US20150297865A1 (en) * 2004-06-07 2015-10-22 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulating mechanism with flex hinged links
WO2015171771A1 (en) * 2014-05-06 2015-11-12 Buffalo Filter Llc Laparoscope and endoscope cleaning and defogging device
CN105068706A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-18 张维谦 Slide steering method and device of shooting game
US9198561B2 (en) 2011-01-31 2015-12-01 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Articulation section with locking
US9215970B2 (en) 2004-08-09 2015-12-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Fiber optic imaging catheter
US9226772B2 (en) 2009-01-30 2016-01-05 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical device
US9233241B2 (en) 2011-02-28 2016-01-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation devices and methods
CN105278839A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 天脉聚源(北京)科技有限公司 Dynamic picture switching method and apparatus
US9254169B2 (en) 2011-02-28 2016-02-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation devices and methods
US9265514B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2016-02-23 Miteas Ltd. Manipulator for grasping tissue
US9277957B2 (en) 2012-08-15 2016-03-08 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical devices and methods
US9307893B2 (en) 2011-12-29 2016-04-12 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Space-optimized visualization catheter with camera train holder in a catheter with off-centered lumens
US9314620B2 (en) 2011-02-28 2016-04-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation devices and methods
US9427255B2 (en) 2012-05-14 2016-08-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Apparatus for introducing a steerable camera assembly into a patient
US20160278800A1 (en) * 2013-09-03 2016-09-29 Futaku Precision Machinery Industry Company Treatment tool for endoscopic surgery
US9468364B2 (en) 2008-11-14 2016-10-18 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Intravascular catheter with hood and image processing systems
US9510732B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-12-06 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Methods and apparatus for efficient purging
US9545290B2 (en) 2012-07-30 2017-01-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Needle probe guide
US9561078B2 (en) 2006-03-03 2017-02-07 University Of Washington Multi-cladding optical fiber scanner
US9572623B2 (en) 2012-08-02 2017-02-21 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Reusable electrode and disposable sheath
US9622647B2 (en) 2009-09-14 2017-04-18 United States Endoscopy Group, Inc. In-line gas adaptor for endoscopic apparatus
US9668643B2 (en) 2011-12-29 2017-06-06 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Space-optimized visualization catheter with oblong shape
US9814522B2 (en) 2010-04-06 2017-11-14 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus and methods for ablation efficacy
US9820634B2 (en) 2013-01-21 2017-11-21 G.I. View Ltd. Integrated steering device
US9913573B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2018-03-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Endoscopic imaging system
US10004388B2 (en) 2006-09-01 2018-06-26 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Coronary sinus cannulation
US10064540B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2018-09-04 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Visualization apparatus for transseptal access
US10070772B2 (en) 2006-09-01 2018-09-11 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Precision control systems for tissue visualization and manipulation assemblies
US10092172B2 (en) 2014-01-07 2018-10-09 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Complex shape steerable tissue visualization and manipulation catheter

Families Citing this family (199)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2323540C (en) 1998-03-20 2004-12-07 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Endoscopic suture systems
US7578786B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2009-08-25 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Video endoscope
US8118732B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2012-02-21 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Force feedback control system for video endoscope
US20050245789A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2005-11-03 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Fluid manifold for endoscope system
US7591783B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2009-09-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Articulation joint for video endoscope
US7285088B2 (en) * 2003-05-13 2007-10-23 Olympus Corporation Endoscope apparatus
US7976462B2 (en) * 2004-04-06 2011-07-12 Integrated Endoscopy, Inc. Endoscope designs and methods of manufacture
US8517921B2 (en) * 2004-04-16 2013-08-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Endoscopic instrument having reduced diameter flexible shaft
WO2006001377A1 (en) * 2004-06-28 2006-01-05 Olympus Corporation Endoscope device
WO2006025045A1 (en) * 2004-09-03 2006-03-09 Stryker Gi Ltd. Control system for supplying fluid medium to endoscope
US8602971B2 (en) * 2004-09-24 2013-12-10 Vivid Medical. Inc. Opto-Electronic illumination and vision module for endoscopy
US8878924B2 (en) 2004-09-24 2014-11-04 Vivid Medical, Inc. Disposable microscope and portable display
US9033870B2 (en) 2004-09-24 2015-05-19 Vivid Medical, Inc. Pluggable vision module and portable display for endoscopy
US8858425B2 (en) * 2004-09-24 2014-10-14 Vivid Medical, Inc. Disposable endoscope and portable display
US8827899B2 (en) * 2004-09-24 2014-09-09 Vivid Medical, Inc. Disposable endoscopic access device and portable display
US20060069312A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. System for retaining optical clarity in a medical imaging system
US7597662B2 (en) * 2004-09-30 2009-10-06 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Multi-fluid delivery system
US7789826B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2010-09-07 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Manually controlled endoscope
US20060069310A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Couvillon Lucien A Jr Programmable brake control system for use in a medical device
US7811277B2 (en) * 2004-09-30 2010-10-12 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Steerable device and system
JP4615963B2 (en) * 2004-10-29 2011-01-19 オリンパス株式会社 The capsule endoscope device
WO2006063245A9 (en) * 2004-12-08 2006-08-31 Vision Sciences Inc Endoscope valve
JP4611756B2 (en) * 2005-01-14 2011-01-12 Hoya株式会社 Tip of the large intestine inserted endoscope
GB2425424B (en) * 2005-04-22 2010-09-29 Single Use Surgical Ltd Disposable flexible endoscope
US8097003B2 (en) * 2005-05-13 2012-01-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Endoscopic apparatus with integrated variceal ligation device
US7618413B2 (en) * 2005-06-22 2009-11-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Medical device control system
DE102005030861A1 (en) 2005-07-01 2007-01-04 Invendo Medical Gmbh Cooling device for electronic components preferably an endoscope
JP4776317B2 (en) * 2005-07-15 2011-09-21 富士フイルム株式会社 The endoscope apparatus used method and its holding of the medical capsule
JP4837321B2 (en) * 2005-07-19 2011-12-14 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
JP4804062B2 (en) * 2005-07-29 2011-10-26 オリンパス株式会社 The endoscope system
US20070038031A1 (en) * 2005-08-09 2007-02-15 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Endoscope distal end part
DE102005039601A1 (en) * 2005-08-19 2007-02-22 Karl Storz Gmbh & Co. Kg Endoscope, especially Duodenoscope for the mother-baby cholangioscopy
US8052597B2 (en) 2005-08-30 2011-11-08 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Method for forming an endoscope articulation joint
US7789915B2 (en) * 2005-08-31 2010-09-07 Vance Products Incorporated Stent for implantation
US20070066881A1 (en) 2005-09-13 2007-03-22 Edwards Jerome R Apparatus and method for image guided accuracy verification
US20070162095A1 (en) * 2006-01-06 2007-07-12 Ezc Medical Llc Modular visualization stylet apparatus and methods of use
US9173550B2 (en) * 2006-01-13 2015-11-03 Olympus Corporation Medical apparatus
US8439828B2 (en) * 2006-01-13 2013-05-14 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Treatment endoscope
US8556805B2 (en) * 2006-01-13 2013-10-15 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Rotational force transmission mechanism, force-attenuating apparatus, medical device, and medical instrument-operation mechanism
US8617054B2 (en) * 2006-01-13 2013-12-31 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Medical treatment endoscope
US8092371B2 (en) 2006-01-13 2012-01-10 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Medical treatment endoscope
US9289112B2 (en) * 2006-01-13 2016-03-22 Olympus Corporation Medical treatment endoscope having an operation stick formed to allow a procedure instrument to pass
US8021293B2 (en) * 2006-01-13 2011-09-20 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Medical treatment endoscope
US9308049B2 (en) * 2006-01-13 2016-04-12 Olympus Corporation Medical treatment endoscope
US9155451B2 (en) 2006-03-02 2015-10-13 Syntheon, Llc Variably flexible insertion device and method for variably flexing an insertion device
US8092374B2 (en) 2006-03-02 2012-01-10 Kevin Smith Variably flexible insertion device and method for variably flexing an insertion device
US8016749B2 (en) 2006-03-21 2011-09-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Vision catheter having electromechanical navigation
WO2008010856A1 (en) * 2006-03-25 2008-01-24 Aponos Medical Corp. Self closing tissue fastener
US8888684B2 (en) 2006-03-27 2014-11-18 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Medical devices with local drug delivery capabilities
US7955255B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2011-06-07 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Imaging assembly with transparent distal cap
JP2009537233A (en) * 2006-05-18 2009-10-29 アポノス・メデイカル・コーポレイシヨン Multifunctional instrument introducer
US8556804B2 (en) * 2006-05-22 2013-10-15 Syntheon, Llc Torque-transmitting, variably flexible insertion device and method for transmitting torque and variably flexing an insertion device
US8376865B2 (en) 2006-06-20 2013-02-19 Cardiacmd, Inc. Torque shaft and torque shaft drive
JP4970870B2 (en) * 2006-08-10 2012-07-11 オリンパスメディカルシステムズ株式会社 Operation apparatus of the endoscope
US7988621B2 (en) * 2006-08-10 2011-08-02 Syntheon, Llc Torque-transmitting, variably-flexible, corrugated insertion device and method for transmitting torque and variably flexing a corrugated insertion device
US20080053968A1 (en) * 2006-08-30 2008-03-06 Great Computer Corporation Device for controlling emission of a laser beam in a large laser cutter
US9421071B2 (en) * 2006-12-01 2016-08-23 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Direct drive methods
JP2008154809A (en) * 2006-12-25 2008-07-10 Hoya Corp Joint ring of endoscope
US8514278B2 (en) * 2006-12-29 2013-08-20 Ge Inspection Technologies Lp Inspection apparatus having illumination assembly
JP5074069B2 (en) 2007-03-29 2012-11-14 オリンパスメディカルシステムズ株式会社 Medical instrument with an articulated bending mechanism and articulated bending mechanism
US20080269556A1 (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-10-30 Jagasia Ashok A Endoscope with flexible tip
DE102008018931A1 (en) * 2007-04-17 2008-11-13 Gyrus ACMI, Inc., Southborough Light source power on the basis of a predetermined condition detected
FR2916056A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-14 St Microelectronics Sa Exploring a cavity with a plurality of image sensors
EP3375479A1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2018-09-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Drive systems and methods of use
JP4472728B2 (en) * 2007-06-14 2010-06-02 オリンパスメディカルシステムズ株式会社 The endoscope system
US9050036B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2015-06-09 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Device for maintaining visualization with surgical scopes
US9211059B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2015-12-15 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US9814372B2 (en) * 2007-06-27 2017-11-14 Syntheon, Llc Torque-transmitting, variably-flexible, locking insertion device and method for operating the insertion device
WO2009058350A1 (en) * 2007-11-02 2009-05-07 The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York Insertable surgical imaging device
US20090124927A1 (en) * 2007-11-13 2009-05-14 Chest Innovations, Inc. Endoscopic system for lung biopsy and biopsy method of insufflating gas to collapse a lung
JP2009119064A (en) * 2007-11-15 2009-06-04 Olympus Corp Cover type endoscope, endoscope for cover, and endoscope cover
JP2009160075A (en) * 2007-12-28 2009-07-23 Olympus Corp Endoscope system
US20090209826A1 (en) * 2008-01-09 2009-08-20 Ezc Medical Llc Intubation systems and methods
US9295378B2 (en) * 2008-02-04 2016-03-29 University Hospitals Of Cleveland Universal handle
EP2259710B1 (en) 2008-02-05 2013-05-15 Steerable Instruments B.V.B.A. Steerable tube
US20090248042A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 Kirschenman Mark B Model catheter input device
US8317745B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2012-11-27 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Robotic catheter rotatable device cartridge
US8684962B2 (en) 2008-03-27 2014-04-01 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Robotic catheter device cartridge
US9241768B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2016-01-26 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Intelligent input device controller for a robotic catheter system
US8343096B2 (en) 2008-03-27 2013-01-01 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Robotic catheter system
US9161817B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2015-10-20 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Robotic catheter system
WO2009120992A8 (en) * 2008-03-27 2010-02-18 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division Inc. Robotic castheter system input device
US8641664B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2014-02-04 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Robotic catheter system with dynamic response
US8317744B2 (en) 2008-03-27 2012-11-27 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Robotic catheter manipulator assembly
JP2009254773A (en) * 2008-03-28 2009-11-05 Fujinon Corp Ultrasonic diagnosis system and pump apparatus
US8394116B2 (en) * 2008-04-15 2013-03-12 The Regents Of The University Of Michigan Surgical tools and components thereof
ES2580177T3 (en) 2008-05-13 2016-08-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Steering system with locking mechanism
WO2009154682A3 (en) * 2008-05-28 2010-04-15 Cts Corporation Adjustable torque joystick
US20090312645A1 (en) * 2008-06-16 2009-12-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Methods and Devices for Accessing Anatomic Structures
JP2010035768A (en) 2008-08-04 2010-02-18 Olympus Medical Systems Corp Active drive type medical apparatus
US8760507B2 (en) * 2008-08-05 2014-06-24 Inspectron, Inc. Light pipe for imaging head of video inspection device
US9439736B2 (en) 2009-07-22 2016-09-13 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. System and method for controlling a remote medical device guidance system in three-dimensions using gestures
US8092722B2 (en) * 2008-09-30 2012-01-10 Sabic Innovative Plastics Ip B.V. Varnish compositions for electrical insulation and method of using the same
WO2010059200A1 (en) * 2008-11-18 2010-05-27 Denis Labombard Adapter for attaching devices to endoscopes
DE202008015763U1 (en) * 2008-11-27 2010-04-08 Q Medical International Ag Instrument for laparoscopic surgery
JP2010131153A (en) * 2008-12-04 2010-06-17 Fujifilm Corp Flexible portion of endoscope and endoscope
US9717403B2 (en) 2008-12-05 2017-08-01 Jeffrey B. Kleiner Method and apparatus for performing retro peritoneal dissection
JP2010136834A (en) * 2008-12-10 2010-06-24 Fujifilm Corp Endoscope soft portion and endoscope
CN102307511B (en) 2008-12-10 2015-06-03 微创设备股份有限公司 Systems for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
EP2371415A4 (en) * 2008-12-26 2012-06-27 Sumitomo Bakelite Co Catheter
WO2010078344A1 (en) * 2008-12-31 2010-07-08 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Robotic catheter system input device
JP5384970B2 (en) * 2009-02-25 2014-01-08 オリンパス株式会社 Adapter type endoscope
US20100227697A1 (en) * 2009-03-04 2010-09-09 C-Flex Bearing Co., Inc. Flexible coupling
DE102009017175B4 (en) * 2009-04-09 2011-05-05 Richard Wolf Gmbh A method for manufacturing a bendable tube
US9993142B2 (en) 2013-03-28 2018-06-12 Endochoice, Inc. Fluid distribution device for a multiple viewing elements endoscope
GB0910951D0 (en) * 2009-06-24 2009-08-05 Imp Innovations Ltd Joint arrangement
US8648932B2 (en) * 2009-08-13 2014-02-11 Olive Medical Corporation System, apparatus and methods for providing a single use imaging device for sterile environments
US8512232B2 (en) 2009-09-08 2013-08-20 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Endoscopic illumination system, assembly and methods for staged illumination of different target areas
US20110090331A1 (en) * 2009-10-15 2011-04-21 Perceptron, Inc. Articulating imager for video borescope
WO2011055245A1 (en) * 2009-11-04 2011-05-12 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Collision avoidance and detection using distance sensors
US20110184239A1 (en) * 2009-12-22 2011-07-28 Integrated Endoscopy, Inc. Methods and systems for disabling an endoscope after use
US9078562B2 (en) 2010-01-11 2015-07-14 Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Systems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US20120035418A1 (en) * 2010-02-09 2012-02-09 Talbert Joshua D Imaging sensor with thermal pad for use in a surgical application
EP2550799A4 (en) * 2010-03-25 2014-09-17 Olive Medical Corp System and method for providing a single use imaging device for medical applications
US9888973B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2018-02-13 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. Intuitive user interface control for remote catheter navigation and 3D mapping and visualization systems
CN102821668B (en) * 2010-04-05 2015-05-20 奥林巴斯医疗株式会社 Endoscope
US8864654B2 (en) * 2010-04-20 2014-10-21 Jeffrey B. Kleiner Method and apparatus for performing retro peritoneal dissection
WO2011160062A3 (en) 2010-06-17 2012-03-15 Actogenix Nv Compositions and methods for treating inflammatory conditions
US20120041260A1 (en) * 2010-08-10 2012-02-16 Ronald Yamada Endoscope gripping device
US8696549B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2014-04-15 Veran Medical Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method for four dimensional soft tissue navigation in endoscopic applications
KR20150042871A (en) 2010-09-08 2015-04-21 코비디엔 엘피 Catheter with imaging assembly
US9468367B2 (en) * 2012-05-14 2016-10-18 Endosee Corporation Method and apparatus for hysteroscopy and combined hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy
WO2014031192A8 (en) * 2012-03-15 2014-04-24 Endosee Corporation Method and apparatus for hysteroscopy and combined hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy
US8986303B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2015-03-24 Biosense Webster, Inc. Catheter with liquid-cooled control handle
US8668642B2 (en) 2010-11-23 2014-03-11 Covidien Lp Port device including retractable endoscope cleaner
WO2012075487A3 (en) 2010-12-03 2012-09-20 Minimally Invasive Devices, Llc Devices, systems, and methods for performing endoscopic surgical procedures
CN102762158B (en) * 2010-12-28 2014-11-05 奥林巴斯医疗株式会社 Treatment instrument for endoscopes
WO2012096778A1 (en) * 2011-01-13 2012-07-19 Poincare Systemes, Inc. Motor components and devices incorporating such motor components
US9435995B2 (en) 2011-01-13 2016-09-06 Poincare Systems, Inc. Medical devices with internal motors
US20120232567A1 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-09-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Flexible suturing instrument
CN103648363B (en) 2011-05-12 2017-03-29 德普伊辛迪斯制品公司 For improving the image sensor of the endoscope
US9788755B2 (en) 2011-05-26 2017-10-17 Covidien Lp Illumination systems and devices for tracheal tubes
JP5669690B2 (en) * 2011-08-04 2015-02-12 オリンパスメディカルシステムズ株式会社 Endoscope
US9119639B2 (en) * 2011-08-09 2015-09-01 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Articulated cavity creator
US9330497B2 (en) 2011-08-12 2016-05-03 St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc. User interface devices for electrophysiology lab diagnostic and therapeutic equipment
US9387048B2 (en) 2011-10-14 2016-07-12 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Catheter sensor systems
US9452276B2 (en) 2011-10-14 2016-09-27 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Catheter with removable vision probe
US20130096385A1 (en) * 2011-10-14 2013-04-18 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Vision probe and catheter systems
US9861800B2 (en) * 2011-10-18 2018-01-09 Treble Innovations Systems and methods for controlling balloon catheters
WO2013059821A3 (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-08-21 Viking Systems, Inc. Steerable electronic stereoscopic endoscope
JP6162710B2 (en) 2011-11-16 2017-07-12 コロプラスト アクティーゼルスカブ In particular it intended operating device to advance into the body of the manipulation of the organism
DE102011055526A1 (en) * 2011-11-18 2013-05-23 Invendo Medical Gmbh Medical endoscope with a cooling system for electrical components installed
US20130158355A1 (en) * 2011-12-16 2013-06-20 Pioneer Medical Instrument Co., Ltd. Two-way endoscope steering mechanism and four-way endoscope steering mechanism
CN103458769B (en) * 2012-01-31 2016-01-20 奥林巴斯株式会社 Endoscope
WO2013126659A1 (en) 2012-02-22 2013-08-29 Veran Medical Technologies, Inc. Systems, methods, and devices for four dimensional soft tissue navigation
US9622646B2 (en) 2012-06-25 2017-04-18 Coopersurgical, Inc. Low-cost instrument for endoscopically guided operative procedures
JP5450704B2 (en) 2012-03-26 2014-03-26 株式会社フジクラ Electrical cables and the outer cylinder with the imaging mechanism, an endoscope, a method of manufacturing electrical cables and the outer cylinder with the imaging mechanism
US9532771B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2017-01-03 George S. Ferzli Support coupling for surgical instrument
US9462234B2 (en) 2012-07-26 2016-10-04 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Camera system with minimal area monolithic CMOS image sensor
USD735343S1 (en) 2012-09-07 2015-07-28 Covidien Lp Console
USD717340S1 (en) 2012-09-07 2014-11-11 Covidien Lp Display screen with enteral feeding icon
USD716841S1 (en) 2012-09-07 2014-11-04 Covidien Lp Display screen with annotate file icon
US9517184B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2016-12-13 Covidien Lp Feeding tube with insufflation device and related methods therefor
US9198835B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2015-12-01 Covidien Lp Catheter with imaging assembly with placement aid and related methods therefor
US9993283B2 (en) * 2012-10-02 2018-06-12 Covidien Lp Selectively deformable ablation device
US9603735B2 (en) 2012-10-19 2017-03-28 Covidien Lp Devices and methods facilitating sleeve gastrectomy procedures
KR20140065968A (en) * 2012-11-22 2014-05-30 삼성전자주식회사 Endoscope
CN103006165B (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-12-10 上海交通大学 Flexible endoscope robot with variable rigidity
US9498356B2 (en) 2012-12-19 2016-11-22 Cook Medical Technologies, LLC Flexible stent and delivery system
US8622896B1 (en) * 2013-01-04 2014-01-07 Zafer Termanini Liquid-cooled light source for endoscopy and irrigation/suction and power supply tubing and method thereof
US9439693B2 (en) 2013-02-01 2016-09-13 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Steerable needle assembly for use in vertebral body augmentation
US20140235361A1 (en) * 2013-02-15 2014-08-21 Cardiacmd, Inc. Torque Shaft and Torque Shaft Drive
US9339271B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-05-17 C.R. Bard, Inc. Articulating surgical instruments
US20140330164A1 (en) * 2013-05-01 2014-11-06 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Endoscopic treatment tool
US9510739B2 (en) * 2013-07-12 2016-12-06 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Endoscope small imaging system
CN103417177B (en) * 2013-08-20 2016-01-27 姜泊 A medical endoscope insertion assembly
CN103417178B (en) * 2013-08-20 2016-08-24 姜泊 A disposable medical endoscope
WO2015038290A1 (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-19 Endocon, Inc. Power-assisted medical scope
CN103584829B (en) * 2013-10-24 2015-07-08 上海交通大学 Endoscope surgical instrument outer sheath with variable rigidity
US9801748B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2017-10-31 Covidien Lp Devices and methods for facilitating sleeve gastrectomy procedures
CN103536268B (en) * 2013-11-11 2015-07-08 亚新科技(珠海)发展有限公司 Bending portion structure of endoscope and endoscope
US9655758B2 (en) 2013-11-11 2017-05-23 Covidien Lp Devices and methods facilitating sleeve gastrectomy procedures
US9918863B2 (en) 2013-11-13 2018-03-20 Covidien Lp Steerable gastric calibration tube
JP5873221B2 (en) * 2013-11-29 2016-03-01 オリンパス株式会社 Bending portion of the endoscope
WO2015084442A1 (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-11 Endochoice, Inc. Fluid distribution device for a viewing endoscope
EP2883491B1 (en) 2013-12-12 2017-04-19 Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd. Endoscope
EP3066973A4 (en) * 2013-12-26 2017-07-26 Olympus Corporation Insufflator
JP2015128534A (en) * 2014-01-08 2015-07-16 国立大学法人九州大学 Hinge member for bent treatment instrument, and bent treatment instrument with the built-in hinge member
CN104771226B (en) * 2014-01-13 2017-07-04 上海工程技术大学 For minimally invasive treatment of cerebral hemorrhage interventional instrument
US9775735B2 (en) 2014-01-31 2017-10-03 Covidien Lp Gastric calibration tube
CN103785089B (en) * 2014-02-27 2016-01-20 青岛大学医学院附属医院 Nasal intubation Inspection Mirror
US9414947B2 (en) 2014-05-13 2016-08-16 Covidien Lp Gastric tubes having tethered plugs and methods of use
US20150328031A1 (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-11-19 Covidien Lp Illuminated gastric tubes and methods of use
US20160007833A1 (en) * 2014-07-10 2016-01-14 Covidien Lp Endoscope system
CN104116528A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-29 上海交通大学 Endoscopic surgery instrument outer sheath based on soft continuum mechanism
US9629741B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2017-04-25 Covidien Lp Gastric tubes and methods of use
US9980737B2 (en) 2014-08-04 2018-05-29 Medos International Sarl Flexible transport auger
US9924979B2 (en) 2014-09-09 2018-03-27 Medos International Sarl Proximal-end securement of a minimally invasive working channel
US9763814B2 (en) 2014-10-24 2017-09-19 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Elongate medical device
USD790057S1 (en) 2015-04-02 2017-06-20 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Handle design for catheter Y-hub with dual side ports
USD799033S1 (en) 2015-04-02 2017-10-03 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Catheter handle
WO2016166830A1 (en) * 2015-04-15 2016-10-20 国立大学法人九州大学 Hinge member for bendable treatment tool and bendable treatment tool having said hinge member incorporated therein
US10039662B2 (en) 2015-04-22 2018-08-07 Covidien Lp Reinforcement scaffolds for maintaining a reduced size of a stomach and methods of use
JP6308440B2 (en) * 2015-06-17 2018-04-11 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Endoscope
CN105266752A (en) * 2015-09-08 2016-01-27 上海熠达光电科技有限公司 Bending portion of endoscope and disposable endoscope
CN105342539A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-24 珠海普生医疗科技有限公司 Endoscope bend tube
CA3004197A1 (en) * 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 Board Of Regents Of The University Of Texas System Surgical apparatus
USD798443S1 (en) 2016-05-03 2017-09-26 Coloplast A/S Videoscope handle
WO2018058007A1 (en) * 2016-09-23 2018-03-29 Safeview Medical, Llc Devices and methods for internal imaging

Citations (97)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4311134A (en) * 1978-05-19 1982-01-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Fluid feeding device for an endoscope
US4315309A (en) * 1979-06-25 1982-02-09 Coli Robert D Integrated medical test data storage and retrieval system
US4425113A (en) * 1982-06-21 1984-01-10 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Flow control mechanism for a plasmaspheresis assembly or the like
US4432349A (en) * 1979-04-03 1984-02-21 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Articulated tube structure for use in an endoscope
US4491865A (en) * 1982-09-29 1985-01-01 Welch Allyn, Inc. Image sensor assembly
US4493537A (en) * 1981-11-10 1985-01-15 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscopes
US4495134A (en) * 1981-11-17 1985-01-22 Kabushiki Kaisha Medos Kenkyusho Method for manufacturing a flexible tube for an endoscope
US4499895A (en) * 1981-10-15 1985-02-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope system with an electric bending mechanism
US4566437A (en) * 1981-05-01 1986-01-28 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope
US4633604A (en) * 1985-12-02 1987-01-06 Russell Corporation Automatic garment portion loader
US4643170A (en) * 1984-12-05 1987-02-17 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus
US4719508A (en) * 1985-10-02 1988-01-12 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscopic photographing apparatus
US4727418A (en) * 1985-07-02 1988-02-23 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Image processing apparatus
US4727417A (en) * 1986-05-14 1988-02-23 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope video apparatus
US4794913A (en) * 1986-12-04 1989-01-03 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Suction control unit for an endoscope
US4796607A (en) * 1987-07-28 1989-01-10 Welch Allyn, Inc. Endoscope steering section
US4800869A (en) * 1987-02-13 1989-01-31 Olympus Optical Co. Ltd. Endoscope
US4805596A (en) * 1987-04-03 1989-02-21 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope
US4806011A (en) * 1987-07-06 1989-02-21 Bettinger David S Spectacle-mounted ocular display apparatus
US4894715A (en) * 1988-01-08 1990-01-16 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope
US4895431A (en) * 1986-11-13 1990-01-23 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Method of processing endoscopic images
US4897789A (en) * 1986-02-27 1990-01-30 Mcneilab, Inc. Electronic device for authenticating and verifying disposable elements
US4899732A (en) * 1988-09-02 1990-02-13 Baxter International, Inc. Miniscope
US4899731A (en) * 1986-10-16 1990-02-13 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope
US4982725A (en) * 1989-07-04 1991-01-08 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus
US4984878A (en) * 1988-09-29 1991-01-15 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Ojective lens for endoscope
US4986642A (en) * 1987-11-20 1991-01-22 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscopes and image pickup system equipped with said objective lens system
US4987884A (en) * 1984-12-28 1991-01-29 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope
US4989075A (en) * 1987-08-26 1991-01-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Solid-state image sensor device
US4989581A (en) * 1990-06-01 1991-02-05 Welch Allyn, Inc. Torsional strain relief for borescope
US5081524A (en) * 1987-05-22 1992-01-14 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Image inputting device for endoscope
US5087989A (en) * 1989-04-19 1992-02-11 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective optical system for endoscopes
US5176629A (en) * 1989-07-31 1993-01-05 C. R. Bard, Inc. Irrigation system for use with endoscopic procedure
US5275152A (en) * 1992-07-27 1994-01-04 Welch Allyn, Inc. Insertion tube terminator
US5379757A (en) * 1990-08-28 1995-01-10 Olympus Optical Co. Ltd. Method of compressing endoscope image data based on image characteristics
US5381782A (en) * 1992-01-09 1995-01-17 Spectrum Medsystems Corporation Bi-directional and multi-directional miniscopes
US5390662A (en) * 1992-03-02 1995-02-21 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus using circuit board having cavity
US5482029A (en) * 1992-06-26 1996-01-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Variable flexibility endoscope system
US5484407A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-01-16 Osypka; Peter Catheter with steerable distal end
US5485316A (en) * 1991-10-25 1996-01-16 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Illumination optical system for endoscopes
US5483951A (en) * 1994-02-25 1996-01-16 Vision-Sciences, Inc. Working channels for a disposable sheath for an endoscope
US5591202A (en) * 1994-04-28 1997-01-07 Symbiosis Corporation Endoscopic instruments having low friction sheath
US5704896A (en) * 1994-04-27 1998-01-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Endoscope apparatus with lens for changing the incident angle of light for imaging
US5704371A (en) * 1996-03-06 1998-01-06 Shepard; Franziska Medical history documentation system and method
US5708482A (en) * 1994-09-08 1998-01-13 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Image-signal clamping circuit for electronic endoscope
US5721566A (en) * 1995-01-18 1998-02-24 Immersion Human Interface Corp. Method and apparatus for providing damping force feedback
US5855560A (en) * 1991-11-08 1999-01-05 Ep Technologies, Inc. Catheter tip assembly
US5857963A (en) * 1996-07-17 1999-01-12 Welch Allyn, Inc. Tab imager assembly for use in an endoscope
US5865724A (en) * 1996-01-11 1999-02-02 Symbiosis Corp. Flexible microsurgical instruments incorporating a sheath having tactile and visual position indicators
US5868666A (en) * 1993-11-26 1999-02-09 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus using programmable integrated circuit to constitute internal structure thereof
US5868664A (en) * 1996-02-23 1999-02-09 Envision Medical Corporation Electrically isolated sterilizable endoscopic video camera head
US5873866A (en) * 1995-01-13 1999-02-23 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Flexible sheathing tube construction, and method for fabrication thereof
US5873816A (en) * 1994-11-02 1999-02-23 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope having an insertional portion a part of which is a conductive armor
US6014630A (en) * 1993-08-26 2000-01-11 Patient Education Services, Inc. Customized system for providing procedure-specific patient education
US6015088A (en) * 1996-11-05 2000-01-18 Welch Allyn, Inc. Decoding of real time video imaging
US6017322A (en) * 1995-11-21 2000-01-25 Catheter Imaging Systems, Inc. Steerable catheter having disposable module and sterilizable handle and method of connecting same
US6020875A (en) * 1997-10-31 2000-02-01 Immersion Corporation High fidelity mechanical transmission system and interface device
US6020876A (en) * 1997-04-14 2000-02-01 Immersion Corporation Force feedback interface with selective disturbance filter
US6030360A (en) * 1996-12-30 2000-02-29 Biggs; Robert C. Steerable catheter
US6032120A (en) * 1997-12-16 2000-02-29 Acuson Corporation Accessing stored ultrasound images and other digital medical images
US6181481B1 (en) * 1998-11-30 2001-01-30 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens for endoscope
US6184922B1 (en) * 1997-07-31 2001-02-06 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscopic imaging system in which still image-specific or motion picture-specific expansion unit can be coupled to digital video output terminal in freely uncoupled manner
US6193714B1 (en) * 1997-04-11 2001-02-27 Vidamed, Inc. Medical probe device with transparent distal extremity
US6195592B1 (en) * 1991-10-24 2001-02-27 Immersion Corporation Method and apparatus for providing tactile sensations using an interface device
US6334844B1 (en) * 1999-08-17 2002-01-01 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Mechanical- and electrical-mode changeable endoscope conduit controller
US6346075B1 (en) * 1999-02-01 2002-02-12 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Air and water supply valve structure in endoscope
US20020017515A1 (en) * 2000-08-11 2002-02-14 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Method of manufacturing treatment instrument of endoscope
US6503193B1 (en) * 1999-04-14 2003-01-07 Pentax Corporation Flexible tube for endoscope
US6520908B1 (en) * 1999-09-30 2003-02-18 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope
US20030034863A1 (en) * 2001-08-17 2003-02-20 Nec Tokin Iwate Ltd. Electromagnetic relay apparatus
US6524234B2 (en) * 2000-09-18 2003-02-25 Pentax Corporation Tip portion of an endoscope
US6673012B2 (en) * 2000-04-19 2004-01-06 Pentax Corporation Control device for an endoscope
US6678397B1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2004-01-13 Olympus Corporation Medical image filing system
US6677984B2 (en) * 1999-11-30 2004-01-13 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope system
US6682479B1 (en) * 1999-02-02 2004-01-27 Pentax Corporation Air feeding device for endoscope
US6685631B2 (en) * 2001-03-16 2004-02-03 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope system having variable power function
US6686949B2 (en) * 2000-01-14 2004-02-03 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope system
US6690963B2 (en) * 1995-01-24 2004-02-10 Biosense, Inc. System for determining the location and orientation of an invasive medical instrument
US6690409B1 (en) * 1998-09-16 2004-02-10 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope system
US6692431B2 (en) * 2001-09-07 2004-02-17 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Endoscopic system with a solid-state light source
US6697101B1 (en) * 1999-09-20 2004-02-24 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope
US6842196B1 (en) * 2000-04-04 2005-01-11 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Method and system for automatic correction of motion artifacts
US6840932B2 (en) * 1999-09-21 2005-01-11 Karl Storz Gmbh & Co. Kg Medical instrument
US6847933B1 (en) * 1997-12-31 2005-01-25 Acuson Corporation Ultrasound image and other medical image storage system
US6846286B2 (en) * 2001-05-22 2005-01-25 Pentax Corporation Endoscope system
US6849043B2 (en) * 2002-03-22 2005-02-01 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Suction valve for endoscope use
US6850794B2 (en) * 2000-09-23 2005-02-01 The Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Endoscopic targeting method and system
US6855109B2 (en) * 2001-07-18 2005-02-15 Pentax Corporation Portable endoscope
US6858004B1 (en) * 1999-11-12 2005-02-22 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope system including a plurality of video-processors
US6858014B2 (en) * 2002-04-05 2005-02-22 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multiple biopsy device
US6981945B1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2006-01-03 Artann Laboratories, Inc. Colonoscope handgrip with force and torque monitor
US6982740B2 (en) * 1997-11-24 2006-01-03 Micro-Medical Devices, Inc. Reduced area imaging devices utilizing selected charge integration periods
US6984206B2 (en) * 2001-12-28 2006-01-10 Olympus Corporation Endoscope and endoscope system with optical phase modulation member
US6985183B2 (en) * 2001-09-17 2006-01-10 Appro Technology Inc. Method for exploring viewpoint and focal length of camera
US6986686B2 (en) * 2001-02-23 2006-01-17 Olympus Corporation Electrical plug for supplying electric power from a power supply to a medical instrument
US20060015008A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2006-01-19 Kennedy Bruce L Video recording and image capture device
US6994668B2 (en) * 2002-12-25 2006-02-07 Fujinon Corporation Four-group endoscope objective lens

Family Cites Families (941)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3266059A (en) 1963-06-19 1966-08-16 North American Aviation Inc Prestressed flexible joint for mechanical arms and the like
NL133069C (en) 1966-07-29
US3470876A (en) 1966-09-28 1969-10-07 John Barchilon Dirigible catheter
US3572325A (en) 1968-10-25 1971-03-23 Us Health Education & Welfare Flexible endoscope having fluid conduits and control
US3581738A (en) 1968-11-12 1971-06-01 Welch Allyn Inc Disposable illuminating endoscope and method of manufacture
DE2152773B2 (en) 1970-10-22 1975-07-31 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd., Tokio Endoscope with changeover between front and side observation - has two light-reflecting surfaces insertable simultaneously into beam path
US3948251A (en) 1972-10-25 1976-04-06 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Flexible tube endoscope
US3924632A (en) 1972-12-07 1975-12-09 William A Cook Fiber glass reinforced catheter
JPS576241Y2 (en) 1973-08-31 1982-02-05
US3886933A (en) 1973-10-10 1975-06-03 Olympus Optical Co Ureteral catheter device
JPS5320957Y2 (en) 1973-11-14 1978-06-01
US3986692A (en) 1974-04-04 1976-10-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Apparatus for supporting articles
US4108211A (en) 1975-04-28 1978-08-22 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Articulated, four-way bendable tube structure
US4203430A (en) 1976-12-16 1980-05-20 Nagashige Takahashi Device for controlling curvature of an end section in an endoscope
JPS5641684Y2 (en) 1977-11-24 1981-09-30
JPS6137927B2 (en) 1978-12-22 1986-08-26 Olympus Optical Co
US4294162A (en) 1979-07-23 1981-10-13 United Technologies Corporation Force feel actuator fault detection with directional threshold
JPH0242489B2 (en) 1979-09-20 1990-09-25
JPH0122641Y2 (en) 1979-10-20 1989-07-07
US4430083A (en) 1981-03-06 1984-02-07 American Hospital Supply Corporation Infusion catheter
US4425919A (en) 1981-07-27 1984-01-17 Raychem Corporation Torque transmitting catheter apparatus
JPS5846308A (en) 1981-09-12 1983-03-17 Fuji Photo Film Co Ltd Zoom lens for endoscope with moving solid-state image pickup element
JPH0253052B2 (en) 1981-09-17 1990-11-15 Olympus Optical Co
JPH048052B2 (en) 1981-10-20 1992-02-13 Fuji Photo Film Co Ltd
JPH0352284B2 (en) 1981-10-20 1991-08-09 Fuji Shashin Fuirumu Kk
DE3278275D1 (en) 1981-10-22 1988-05-05 Olympus Optical Co Endoscope apparatus with motor-driven bending mechanism
JPH0131895B2 (en) 1981-11-04 1989-06-28 Olympus Optical Co
JPS58132812A (en) 1982-01-22 1983-08-08 British Aerospace Controller
DE3382431D1 (en) 1982-01-22 1991-11-14 British Aerospace Steuerungsgeraet.
GB2132378B (en) 1982-11-19 1986-05-21 Gwyndann Group Illumination of optical instruments
JPH0343892B2 (en) 1983-03-01 1991-07-04 Olympus Optical Co
US4617915A (en) 1984-03-27 1986-10-21 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Construction of manual control section of endoscope
US4580210A (en) 1983-04-18 1986-04-01 Saab-Scania Aktiebolag Control system having variably biased manipulatable unit
US4515444A (en) 1983-06-30 1985-05-07 Dyonics, Inc. Optical system
JPS6048011A (en) 1983-08-27 1985-03-15 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope device
JPH0516569B2 (en) 1983-09-05 1993-03-04 Olympus Optical Co
DE3432393C2 (en) 1983-09-05 1986-06-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, Jp
US4615330A (en) 1983-09-05 1986-10-07 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Noise suppressor for electronic endoscope
JPH0685762B2 (en) 1983-09-05 1994-11-02 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscope imaging apparatus
DE3435598C2 (en) 1983-09-30 1986-06-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, Jp
JPS6077731A (en) 1983-10-03 1985-05-02 Olympus Optical Co Endoscope apparatus using solid-image pick-up element
US4539586B1 (en) 1983-10-07 1991-12-17 Welch Allyn Inc
JPS6081979A (en) 1983-10-12 1985-05-10 Omron Tateisi Electronics Co Image pickup device
US5114402A (en) 1983-10-31 1992-05-19 Catheter Research, Inc. Spring-biased tip assembly
JPS60104915A (en) 1983-11-11 1985-06-10 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
JPH0412451B2 (en) 1984-02-15 1992-03-04 Olympus Optical Co
JPS60179713A (en) 1984-02-28 1985-09-13 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope device
JPS60182001U (en) 1984-05-16 1985-12-03
US4586923A (en) 1984-06-25 1986-05-06 Cordis Corporation Curving tip catheter
JPH0648327B2 (en) 1984-07-28 1994-06-22 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscope objective lens
US4616630A (en) 1984-08-20 1986-10-14 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope with an obtusely angled connecting section
JPS6150478A (en) 1984-08-20 1986-03-12 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
JPS6150546A (en) 1984-08-20 1986-03-12 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
JPH0210493Y2 (en) 1984-08-23 1990-03-15
JPH0614707B2 (en) 1984-08-31 1994-02-23 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Imaging device
JP2655568B2 (en) 1984-08-31 1997-09-24 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 An endoscope using a solid-state image pickup device
JPH0412137B2 (en) 1984-09-03 1992-03-03 Olympus Optical Co
US4580551A (en) * 1984-11-02 1986-04-08 Warner-Lambert Technologies, Inc. Flexible plastic tube for endoscopes and the like
JPS61118712A (en) 1984-11-14 1986-06-06 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US4744647A (en) 1984-12-04 1988-05-17 Lens Plus Co. Semi-opaque corneal contact lens or intraoccular lens and method of formation
US4586491A (en) 1984-12-14 1986-05-06 Warner-Lambert Technologies, Inc. Bronchoscope with small gauge viewing attachment
JP2628627B2 (en) 1985-01-11 1997-07-09 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Aspheric objective lens for an endoscope
US4971034A (en) 1985-01-16 1990-11-20 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Body cavity pressure adjusting device for endoscope and laser medical treatment apparatus including body cavity pressure adjusting device
US4667655A (en) 1985-01-21 1987-05-26 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus
US4742817A (en) 1985-05-15 1988-05-10 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscopic apparatus having a bendable insertion section
US4713051A (en) 1985-05-21 1987-12-15 Coopervision, Inc. Cassette for surgical irrigation and aspiration and sterile package therefor
JPH0249097B2 (en) * 1985-08-09 1990-10-29 Olympus Optical Co
CA1280326C (en) 1985-09-25 1991-02-19 Leif Joakim Sundblom Fast response tubeless vacuum aspiration collection cassette
US4806182A (en) 1985-10-15 1989-02-21 Schneider-Shiley (U.S.A.) Inc. Method of bonding a hub to a Teflon-lined catheter body
US4700693A (en) 1985-12-09 1987-10-20 Welch Allyn, Inc. Endoscope steering section
JPH07104492B2 (en) 1985-12-28 1995-11-13 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope illumination optical system
US4649904A (en) 1986-01-02 1987-03-17 Welch Allyn, Inc. Biopsy seal
JPH0783486B2 (en) 1986-02-06 1995-09-06 株式会社東芝 Endoscope apparatus
US4714075A (en) 1986-02-10 1987-12-22 Welch Allyn, Inc. Biopsy channel for endoscope
JPH0693777B2 (en) 1986-02-27 1994-11-16 株式会社東芝 Electronic endoscope apparatus
US4686963A (en) 1986-03-05 1987-08-18 Circon Corporation Torsion resistant vertebrated probe of simple construction
US4799474A (en) 1986-03-13 1989-01-24 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Medical tube to be inserted in body cavity
JPH0433209B2 (en) 1986-04-04 1992-06-02 Olympus Optical Co
JPH0523145B2 (en) 1986-05-08 1993-03-31 Olympus Optical Co
DE3715417C2 (en) 1986-05-13 1988-10-06 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, Jp
US4819077A (en) 1986-05-14 1989-04-04 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Color image processing system
JPH07111500B2 (en) 1986-05-22 1995-11-29 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscope objective lens
US4748970A (en) * 1986-05-30 1988-06-07 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope systems
DE3722075A1 (en) 1986-07-02 1988-03-17 Toshiba Kawasaki Kk Image diagnostics system
JPH0472536B2 (en) 1986-07-30 1992-11-18 Olympus Optical Co
JPH0524775B2 (en) 1986-08-01 1993-04-08 Olympus Optical Co
JPS6389138A (en) 1986-10-03 1988-04-20 Olympus Optical Co Cover of curved pipe for endoscope
JP2543862B2 (en) 1986-12-03 1996-10-16 株式会社東芝 Image de - data management system
US4816909A (en) 1986-12-17 1989-03-28 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Video endoscope system for use with different sizes of solid state devices
JPS63164935A (en) 1986-12-27 1988-07-08 Toshiba Corp Suction apparatus of endoscope
JPS63164931A (en) 1986-12-27 1988-07-08 Toshiba Corp Constant pressure apparatus of endoscope
DE3644728C1 (en) 1986-12-30 1987-11-19 Wolf Gmbh Richard Salpingoskop
US4918521A (en) 1987-01-20 1990-04-17 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Solid state imaging apparatus
US4845555A (en) 1987-02-13 1989-07-04 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus
US4853772A (en) 1987-02-26 1989-08-01 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus having isolated patient and secondary circuitry
US4769292A (en) 1987-03-02 1988-09-06 Eastman Kodak Company Electroluminescent device with modified thin film luminescent zone
US4869237A (en) 1987-03-02 1989-09-26 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP2602823B2 (en) 1987-03-11 1997-04-23 株式会社 町田製作所 Of endoscopic liquid feed air supply unit
US4905666A (en) 1987-03-27 1990-03-06 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Bending device for an endoscope
US4967745A (en) 1987-04-10 1990-11-06 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Multi-fiber plug for a laser catheter
DE3715699C2 (en) 1987-05-12 1991-05-23 Ernst Dr.Med. Dr.Rer.Nat. Foerster
JPH0346135B2 (en) 1987-05-18 1991-07-15 Asahi Optical Co Ltd
JPS63290091A (en) 1987-05-22 1988-11-28 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Image data compression device for endoscope
JP2697822B2 (en) 1987-05-25 1998-01-14 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscope objective lens
JPH07104494B2 (en) 1987-06-26 1995-11-13 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope illumination optical system
US4790294A (en) 1987-07-28 1988-12-13 Welch Allyn, Inc. Ball-and-socket bead endoscope steering section
US4762119A (en) 1987-07-28 1988-08-09 Welch Allyn, Inc. Self-adjusting steering mechanism for borescope or endoscope
EP0301288A1 (en) 1987-07-31 1989-02-01 Confida S.P.A. Flexible endoscope
US4831437A (en) 1987-08-11 1989-05-16 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Video endoscope system provided with color balance adjusting means
US4787369A (en) 1987-08-14 1988-11-29 Welch Allyn, Inc. Force relieving, force limiting self-adjusting steering for borescope or endoscope
US4802461A (en) 1987-08-26 1989-02-07 Candela Laser Corporation Rigid endoscope with flexible tip
JPH045126Y2 (en) 1987-09-03 1992-02-14
US4920980A (en) 1987-09-14 1990-05-01 Cordis Corporation Catheter with controllable tip
JPH0824668B2 (en) 1987-09-14 1996-03-13 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JPS6485631A (en) 1987-09-28 1989-03-30 Toshiba Corp Electronic endoscopic apparatus
US5001556A (en) 1987-09-30 1991-03-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus for processing a picture image of an object based on a selected wavelength range
US4884134A (en) 1987-10-07 1989-11-28 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Video endoscope apparatus employing device shutter
JPH0796005B2 (en) 1987-10-27 1995-10-18 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
DE8714480U1 (en) 1987-10-30 1988-03-17 Gip Gastrointestinale Produkte Vertriebs Gmbh, 8221 Grabenstaett, De
US5172225A (en) 1987-11-25 1992-12-15 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope system
US5061994A (en) 1987-11-25 1991-10-29 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope device using a display and recording system with means for monitoring the status of the recording medium
JPH0440012B2 (en) 1987-12-17 1992-07-01 Olympus Optical Co
US4928172A (en) 1988-01-07 1990-05-22 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope output signal control device and endoscope apparatus making use of the same
JPH0773569B2 (en) 1988-01-14 1995-08-09 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope
JPH0673517B2 (en) 1988-02-04 1994-09-21 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope system
US4959710A (en) * 1988-03-01 1990-09-25 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope whereby the position of the insertable part can be known by a transmitted light outside a body
US4901143A (en) 1988-02-16 1990-02-13 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope system provided with a means of imaging frozen pictures having few picture image smears
JP2693978B2 (en) 1988-02-26 1997-12-24 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP2594627B2 (en) 1988-02-26 1997-03-26 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
US4931867A (en) 1988-03-01 1990-06-05 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus having an isolation circuit for isolating a patient circuit from a secondary circuit
US4930494A (en) 1988-03-09 1990-06-05 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Apparatus for bending an insertion section of an endoscope using a shape memory alloy
US4800870A (en) 1988-03-11 1989-01-31 Reid Jr Ben A Method and apparatus for bile duct exploration
US4852565A (en) 1988-03-22 1989-08-01 Shiley Inc. Fenestrated tracheostomy tube
US4844071A (en) 1988-03-31 1989-07-04 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Endoscope coupler device
US4979496A (en) 1988-04-05 1990-12-25 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope for bile duct and pancreatic duct
US5005558A (en) * 1988-05-16 1991-04-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Endoscope
US5074861A (en) * 1988-05-23 1991-12-24 Schneider Richard T Medical laser device and method
JP2917995B2 (en) 1988-05-25 1999-07-12 東芝医用システムエンジニアリング株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
JPH0464257B2 (en) 1988-07-13 1992-10-14 Asahi Optical Co Ltd
JP2821141B2 (en) 1988-07-28 1998-11-05 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope automatic light control system
US4882623A (en) 1988-08-11 1989-11-21 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Signal processing apparatus for endoscope capable of changing outline enhancement frequency
US5005957A (en) 1988-09-07 1991-04-09 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscopes
JP2940827B2 (en) 1988-09-07 1999-08-25 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Medical image filing device
JP2596810B2 (en) 1988-09-12 1997-04-02 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Optical system for endoscopes
JP2807487B2 (en) 1988-11-02 1998-10-08 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
US5037404A (en) 1988-11-14 1991-08-06 Cordis Corporation Catheter having sections of variable torsion characteristics
US5174293A (en) 1988-11-17 1992-12-29 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Medical apparatus including on isolating transformer apparatus for isolating medical apparatus from non-medical apparatus to prevent electrical shocks to patients
US4875468A (en) 1988-12-23 1989-10-24 Welch Allyn, Inc. Elastomer-ePTFE biopsy channel
US5480382A (en) 1989-01-09 1996-01-02 Pilot Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Steerable medical device
US4960127A (en) 1989-01-23 1990-10-02 L.O.N. Research, Inc. Disposable transducer manifold
JPH0617942B2 (en) 1989-02-15 1994-03-09 東芝メディカルエンジニアリング株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
US5018509A (en) 1989-02-21 1991-05-28 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope insertion controlling apparatus
US4911148A (en) 1989-03-14 1990-03-27 Intramed Laboratories, Inc. Deflectable-end endoscope with detachable flexible shaft assembly
JP2542089B2 (en) 1989-03-16 1996-10-09 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscope light source device
JP3217343B2 (en) 1989-03-23 2001-10-09 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Image processing apparatus
JP2559510B2 (en) 1989-04-06 1996-12-04 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
US4919112B1 (en) 1989-04-07 1993-12-28 Low-cost semi-disposable endoscope
JPH0681614B2 (en) 1989-04-12 1994-10-19 株式会社東芝 Electronic endoscope apparatus
US4996974A (en) 1989-04-17 1991-03-05 Welch Allyn, Inc. Adjustable steering control for flexible probe
US5198931A (en) 1989-04-19 1993-03-30 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective optical system for endoscopes
JPH034831A (en) 1989-06-01 1991-01-10 Toshiba Corp Endoscope device
US4979497A (en) 1989-06-06 1990-12-25 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope
US5068719A (en) 1989-06-07 1991-11-26 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope photometric apparatus
US5040069A (en) 1989-06-16 1991-08-13 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope with a mask bump bonded to an image pick-up device
JP3046315B2 (en) 1989-09-05 2000-05-29 株式会社エス・エル・ティ・ジャパン Laser light irradiation apparatus
JP3017245B2 (en) 1989-09-22 2000-03-06 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope
US5331551A (en) 1989-10-02 1994-07-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope image recording system for compressing and recording endoscope image data
US5209220A (en) 1989-10-05 1993-05-11 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope image data compressing apparatus
US4941456A (en) 1989-10-05 1990-07-17 Welch Allyn, Inc. Portable color imager borescope
US4941454A (en) 1989-10-05 1990-07-17 Welch Allyn, Inc. Servo actuated steering mechanism for borescope or endoscope
US5203380A (en) 1989-10-13 1993-04-20 Kabushiki Kaisha Machida Seisakusho Bending device
JP2920670B2 (en) 1989-10-13 1999-07-19 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscope objective lens
US5140265A (en) 1989-12-20 1992-08-18 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd Eddy current flaw detecting endoscope apparatus which produces signals which control other devices
US5049989A (en) 1990-01-04 1991-09-17 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Method and circuit for reducing the influence of a bright image area in an endoscope image signal
DE4000410C2 (en) 1990-01-09 1998-05-14 Baeuerle Dieter An endoscope with an instrument channel
US5290283A (en) 1990-01-31 1994-03-01 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Power supply apparatus for electrosurgical unit including electrosurgical-current waveform data storage
US5820591A (en) 1990-02-02 1998-10-13 E. P. Technologies, Inc. Assemblies for creating compound curves in distal catheter regions
JP3232308B2 (en) 1990-02-02 2001-11-26 ボストン サイエンティフィック リミテッド Catheter steering mechanism
JP3034898B2 (en) 1990-04-04 2000-04-17 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
US5208702A (en) 1990-04-11 1993-05-04 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscopes
US5191878A (en) 1990-04-12 1993-03-09 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope device
JPH0427285A (en) 1990-04-13 1992-01-30 Toshiba Corp Image recorder
JP3041015B2 (en) 1990-04-18 2000-05-15 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscopic image file system
JPH0412725A (en) * 1990-04-28 1992-01-17 Toshiba Corp Endoscope scope
US5645075A (en) 1992-02-18 1997-07-08 Symbiosis Corporation Jaw assembly for an endoscopic instrument
US5431645A (en) 1990-05-10 1995-07-11 Symbiosis Corporation Remotely activated endoscopic tools such as endoscopic biopsy forceps
JPH0428335A (en) * 1990-05-24 1992-01-30 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Curving device for endoscope
JPH0452614A (en) 1990-06-20 1992-02-20 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
JP2649185B2 (en) 1990-06-25 1997-09-03 富士写真光機株式会社 Ultrasonic inspection apparatus
JPH0759236B2 (en) 1990-06-29 1995-06-28 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscopic treatment instrument system
US5315129A (en) 1990-08-20 1994-05-24 University Of Southern California Organic optoelectronic devices and methods
JP2848574B2 (en) 1990-09-21 1999-01-20 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Color shift correction device
JP3003944B2 (en) 1990-10-04 2000-01-31 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The solid-state imaging device
JPH06104102B2 (en) 1990-10-09 1994-12-21 株式会社東芝 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP2598568B2 (en) 1990-11-20 1997-04-09 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
US5563955A (en) 1990-11-21 1996-10-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Arkansas Apparatus and/or method for recognizing printed data in an image
NL194053C (en) 1990-12-05 2001-05-03 Koninkl Philips Electronics Nv A device with a rotationally symmetrical body.
EP0489937B1 (en) 1990-12-07 1995-06-21 Willy Rüsch Ag Medical instrument with steerable tip
US6165292A (en) 1990-12-18 2000-12-26 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Superelastic guiding member
JP3007698B2 (en) 1991-01-25 2000-02-07 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscope system
JP3041099B2 (en) 1991-02-01 2000-05-15 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
US5329923A (en) 1991-02-15 1994-07-19 Lundquist Ingemar H Torquable catheter
US5400769A (en) 1991-02-18 1995-03-28 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electrically bendable endoscope apparatus having controlled fixed bending speed
US5223982A (en) 1991-03-05 1993-06-29 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscopes
JP3063784B2 (en) 1991-03-26 2000-07-12 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
JP3078085B2 (en) 1991-03-26 2000-08-21 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Image processing apparatus and image processing method
JP2970887B2 (en) 1991-05-31 1999-11-02 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscopic guide catheter
US5201908A (en) 1991-06-10 1993-04-13 Endomedical Technologies, Inc. Sheath for protecting endoscope from contamination
US5159446A (en) 1991-06-21 1992-10-27 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope system provided with a separate camera controlling unit and motor controlling unit
US5257628A (en) 1991-07-11 1993-11-02 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Ultrasound internal examination system
JPH0523291A (en) 1991-07-24 1993-02-02 Machida Endscope Co Ltd Curved tube of endoscope
JP2994101B2 (en) 1991-07-31 1999-12-27 株式会社東芝 The operating device of an electronic endoscope
EP0529902B1 (en) 1991-08-21 1999-02-10 SMITH & NEPHEW, INC. Fluid management system
WO1993004724A1 (en) 1991-08-28 1993-03-18 Rissman, John, A. Steerable stylet and manipulative handle assembly
US6107004A (en) 1991-09-05 2000-08-22 Intra Therapeutics, Inc. Method for making a tubular stent for use in medical applications
US5741429A (en) 1991-09-05 1998-04-21 Cardia Catheter Company Flexible tubular device for use in medical applications
JPH0591972A (en) 1991-10-02 1993-04-16 Toshiba Corp Curve displaying apparatus
US5697882A (en) 1992-01-07 1997-12-16 Arthrocare Corporation System and method for electrosurgical cutting and ablation
US5273535A (en) 1991-11-08 1993-12-28 Ep Technologies, Inc. Catheter with electrode tip having asymmetric left and right curve configurations
US5271381A (en) 1991-11-18 1993-12-21 Vision Sciences, Inc. Vertebrae for a bending section of an endoscope
US5228356A (en) 1991-11-25 1993-07-20 Chuang Keh Shih K Variable effort joystick
US5469840A (en) 1991-12-10 1995-11-28 Olympus Optical, Ltd. Electromotive warping type endoscope with velocity control
US5892630A (en) 1992-02-10 1999-04-06 Linvatec Corporation Disposable endoscope
US5327905A (en) 1992-02-14 1994-07-12 Boaz Avitall Biplanar deflectable catheter for arrhythmogenic tissue ablation
US5658238A (en) 1992-02-25 1997-08-19 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus capable of being switched to a mode in which a curvature operating lever is returned and to a mode in which the curvature operating lever is not returned
US5624380A (en) * 1992-03-12 1997-04-29 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Multi-degree of freedom manipulator
US5299559A (en) 1992-03-13 1994-04-05 Acuson Corporation Endoscope with overload protective device
DE4237286A1 (en) 1992-04-06 1994-05-05 Laser Medizin Zentrum Ggmbh Be Method and apparatus for increasing efficiency of an optical working shaft for photo-thermal therapy
JP3184598B2 (en) 1992-04-14 2001-07-09 株式会社東芝 Endoscope connector and the endoscope apparatus
JP3302074B2 (en) 1992-04-23 2002-07-15 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
JPH05307139A (en) 1992-04-28 1993-11-19 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope objective
US5619380A (en) 1992-05-25 1997-04-08 Olympus Optical Co. Ltd. Objective optical system for endoscopes
US5325845A (en) * 1992-06-08 1994-07-05 Adair Edwin Lloyd Steerable sheath for use with selected removable optical catheter
US5609561A (en) 1992-06-09 1997-03-11 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd Electronic type endoscope in which image pickup unit is dismounted to execute disinfection/sterilization processing
US5311858A (en) 1992-06-15 1994-05-17 Adair Edwin Lloyd Imaging tissue or stone removal basket
US5497269A (en) 1992-06-25 1996-03-05 Lockheed Missiles And Space Company, Inc. Dispersive microlens
US6449006B1 (en) * 1992-06-26 2002-09-10 Apollo Camera, Llc LED illumination system for endoscopic cameras
US5342299A (en) 1992-07-06 1994-08-30 Catheter Imaging Systems Steerable catheter
US5313967A (en) 1992-07-24 1994-05-24 Medtronic, Inc. Helical guidewire
US5402768A (en) 1992-09-01 1995-04-04 Adair; Edwin L. Endoscope with reusable core and disposable sheath with passageways
US5347989A (en) 1992-09-11 1994-09-20 Welch Allyn, Inc. Control mechanism for steerable elongated probe having a sealed joystick
US5441043A (en) 1992-09-11 1995-08-15 Welch Allyn, Inc. Video laparoscope with modular video connector and dual low-wattage light sources
JP2790948B2 (en) 1992-09-25 1998-08-27 富士写真光機株式会社 The signal processing circuit of an electronic endoscope apparatus
JPH06105800A (en) 1992-09-28 1994-04-19 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope device
US5495114A (en) 1992-09-30 1996-02-27 Adair; Edwin L. Miniaturized electronic imaging chip
US5412478A (en) 1992-09-30 1995-05-02 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope system which changes over switches in interlocking relation to each other within video processor and image display apparatus to perform display of endoscope image
JP3372273B2 (en) 1992-10-01 2003-01-27 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
WO1994009694A1 (en) 1992-10-28 1994-05-11 Arsenault, Dennis, J. Electronic endoscope
WO1994010897A1 (en) 1992-11-17 1994-05-26 Omega Universal Limited Deflectable medical instrument
JPH06169887A (en) 1992-12-02 1994-06-21 Toshiba Corp Endoscope
US5368564A (en) 1992-12-23 1994-11-29 Angeion Corporation Steerable catheter
US5863286A (en) * 1993-01-27 1999-01-26 Olympus Optical Company, Ltd. Endoscope system including endoscope and disposable protection cover
US5837003A (en) 1993-02-10 1998-11-17 Radiant Medical, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling a patient's body temperature by in situ blood temperature modification
DE4305376C1 (en) * 1993-02-22 1994-09-29 Wolf Gmbh Richard Shaft for medical instruments
US5674182A (en) 1993-02-26 1997-10-07 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope system including endoscope and protection cover
JP3219521B2 (en) 1993-03-01 2001-10-15 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope
JPH06254048A (en) 1993-03-01 1994-09-13 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscopic image pickup device
US5324422A (en) 1993-03-03 1994-06-28 Baxter International Inc. User interface for automated peritoneal dialysis systems
US5695450A (en) 1993-03-05 1997-12-09 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Cover-type endoscope apparatus
US5438975A (en) * 1993-03-24 1995-08-08 Machida Endoscope Co., Ltd. Distal tip of endoscope having spirally coiled control wires
US5403311A (en) 1993-03-29 1995-04-04 Boston Scientific Corporation Electro-coagulation and ablation and other electrotherapeutic treatments of body tissue
JP3578457B2 (en) 1993-03-31 2004-10-20 ルマ コーポレーション Management of information in an endoscopy system
JPH0795982A (en) * 1993-04-19 1995-04-11 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Disposable medical device
JPH06327628A (en) 1993-05-20 1994-11-29 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Signal processing circuit of synchronous electronic endoscope equipment
US5896166A (en) 1993-06-02 1999-04-20 Envision Medical Corporation Remote CCD video camera with non-volatile digital memory
US5415158A (en) 1993-06-11 1995-05-16 Clarus Medical Systems, Inc. Flexible endoscope with force limiting spring coupler
JPH078441A (en) 1993-06-29 1995-01-13 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US5447148A (en) 1993-07-08 1995-09-05 Vision Sciences, Inc. Endoscopic contamination protection system to facilitate cleaning of endoscopes
NL9301210A (en) 1993-07-09 1995-02-01 Robert Philippe Koninckx Preview System with image position correction.
US5739811A (en) 1993-07-16 1998-04-14 Immersion Human Interface Corporation Method and apparatus for controlling human-computer interface systems providing force feedback
US5691898A (en) 1995-09-27 1997-11-25 Immersion Human Interface Corp. Safe and low cost computer peripherals with force feedback for consumer applications
US5701140A (en) 1993-07-16 1997-12-23 Immersion Human Interface Corp. Method and apparatus for providing a cursor control interface with force feedback
US5724264A (en) 1993-07-16 1998-03-03 Immersion Human Interface Corp. Method and apparatus for tracking the position and orientation of a stylus and for digitizing a 3-D object
US5959613A (en) 1995-12-01 1999-09-28 Immersion Corporation Method and apparatus for shaping force signals for a force feedback device
US6100874A (en) 1995-11-17 2000-08-08 Immersion Corporation Force feedback mouse interface
US5999168A (en) 1995-09-27 1999-12-07 Immersion Corporation Haptic accelerator for force feedback computer peripherals
US5805140A (en) 1993-07-16 1998-09-08 Immersion Corporation High bandwidth force feedback interface using voice coils and flexures
US6057828A (en) 1993-07-16 2000-05-02 Immersion Corporation Method and apparatus for providing force sensations in virtual environments in accordance with host software
US5487757A (en) 1993-07-20 1996-01-30 Medtronic Cardiorhythm Multicurve deflectable catheter
US5562619A (en) 1993-08-19 1996-10-08 Boston Scientific Corporation Deflectable catheter
US5577992A (en) 1993-10-05 1996-11-26 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Bendable portion of endoscope
JP3236716B2 (en) 1993-10-15 2001-12-10 富士写真光機株式会社 Shield structure of an electronic endoscope apparatus
JP3271838B2 (en) 1993-10-18 2002-04-08 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 The endoscopic image processing apparatus
US5830121A (en) 1993-10-27 1998-11-03 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Endoscopic apparatus having an endoscope and a peripheral device wherein total usage of the endoscope is quantified and recorded
US5436640A (en) 1993-10-29 1995-07-25 Thrustmaster, Inc. Video game and simulator joystick controller with geared potentiometer actuation
US5746695A (en) * 1993-11-18 1998-05-05 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Front end structure of endoscope
FR2713492B1 (en) 1993-12-09 1996-02-16 Microfil Ind Sa adjustable tubular guide, including a medical-surgical device.
US5659334A (en) 1993-12-15 1997-08-19 Interlink Electronics, Inc. Force-sensing pointing device
US5473235A (en) 1993-12-21 1995-12-05 Honeywell Inc. Moment cell counterbalance for active hand controller
US5789047A (en) 1993-12-21 1998-08-04 Japan Gore-Tex, Inc Flexible, multilayered tube
JPH07191265A (en) 1993-12-27 1995-07-28 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope optical system
US5841126A (en) 1994-01-28 1998-11-24 California Institute Of Technology CMOS active pixel sensor type imaging system on a chip
DE69523194T2 (en) 1994-02-23 2002-07-04 Smith & Nephew Inc Camera head with memory
US5464007A (en) 1994-02-23 1995-11-07 Welch Allyn, Inc. Fluid insensitive braking for an endoscope
JPH07299029A (en) 1994-03-11 1995-11-14 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscopic device
FR2717365B1 (en) 1994-03-21 1996-05-15 Rech Biolog Et An endoscopic or fiberoptic imaging fluorescence in the infrared.
US5819736A (en) 1994-03-24 1998-10-13 Sightline Technologies Ltd. Viewing method and apparatus particularly useful for viewing the interior of the large intestine
US5590660A (en) 1994-03-28 1997-01-07 Xillix Technologies Corp. Apparatus and method for imaging diseased tissue using integrated autofluorescence
US5685823A (en) 1994-03-30 1997-11-11 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha End structure of endoscope
US5547455A (en) 1994-03-30 1996-08-20 Medical Media Systems Electronically steerable endoscope
US5581632A (en) 1994-05-02 1996-12-03 Cognex Corporation Method and apparatus for ball bond inspection system
US6283960B1 (en) 1995-10-24 2001-09-04 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Apparatus for delivery of energy to a surgical site
US5496260A (en) 1994-05-16 1996-03-05 Welch Allyn, Inc. Torque override knob for endoscopes, borescopes, or guide tubes
JP3004466U (en) 1994-05-23 1994-11-15 旭光学工業株式会社 Endoscope insertion guide tool
JP3482238B2 (en) 1994-05-27 2003-12-22 オリンパス株式会社 The endoscope imaging apparatus
US5518502A (en) * 1994-06-08 1996-05-21 The United States Surgical Corporation Compositions, methods and apparatus for inhibiting fogging of endoscope lenses
US5558665A (en) 1994-06-24 1996-09-24 Archimedes Surgical, Inc. Surgical instrument and method for intraluminal retraction of an anatomic structure
NL9401107A (en) 1994-07-01 1996-02-01 Cordis Europ Controlled deflectable catheter.
JPH0819507A (en) 1994-07-07 1996-01-23 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US5821920A (en) 1994-07-14 1998-10-13 Immersion Human Interface Corporation Control input device for interfacing an elongated flexible object with a computer system
US5647840A (en) 1994-09-14 1997-07-15 Circon Corporation Endoscope having a distally heated distal lens
US5829444A (en) 1994-09-15 1998-11-03 Visualization Technology, Inc. Position tracking and imaging system for use in medical applications
US5698866A (en) 1994-09-19 1997-12-16 Pdt Systems, Inc. Uniform illuminator for phototherapy
JPH08106043A (en) 1994-10-05 1996-04-23 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Objective lens for endoscope
US5658264A (en) 1994-11-10 1997-08-19 Target Therapeutics, Inc. High performance spiral-wound catheter
US5695491A (en) 1994-11-22 1997-12-09 Washington Research Foundation Endoscopic accessory and containment system
US6184923B1 (en) 1994-11-25 2001-02-06 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope with an interchangeable distal end optical adapter
US5836869A (en) 1994-12-13 1998-11-17 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Image tracking endoscope system
US6358631B1 (en) 1994-12-13 2002-03-19 The Trustees Of Princeton University Mixed vapor deposited films for electroluminescent devices
US5703436A (en) 1994-12-13 1997-12-30 The Trustees Of Princeton University Transparent contacts for organic devices
US5707745A (en) 1994-12-13 1998-01-13 The Trustees Of Princeton University Multicolor organic light emitting devices
US5569159A (en) 1994-12-16 1996-10-29 Anderson; Keven C. Endoscopic sleeve
JP3331273B2 (en) 1994-12-26 2002-10-07 富士写真光機株式会社 Endoscope
US5767839A (en) 1995-01-18 1998-06-16 Immersion Human Interface Corporation Method and apparatus for providing passive force feedback to human-computer interface systems
US5731804A (en) 1995-01-18 1998-03-24 Immersion Human Interface Corp. Method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth, low noise mechanical I/O for computer systems
JP3732865B2 (en) 1995-01-18 2006-01-11 ペンタックス株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
JP3070032B2 (en) 1995-02-14 2000-07-24 富士写真光機株式会社 Hand operation unit structure of an endoscope
US5702754A (en) 1995-02-22 1997-12-30 Meadox Medicals, Inc. Method of providing a substrate with a hydrophilic coating and substrates, particularly medical devices, provided with such coatings
EP0729765B1 (en) 1995-03-02 2000-06-14 Schneider (Europe) GmbH A method for manufacturing a guide wire
JP3500219B2 (en) 1995-03-03 2004-02-23 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
US5876326A (en) 1995-03-10 1999-03-02 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope with grounded spirally-wound lead wires
DE19510712C2 (en) 1995-03-15 2001-03-29 Dmv Medizintechnik Gmbh Method and device for introducing a gas
DE19509116C2 (en) 1995-03-16 2000-01-05 Deutsch Zentr Luft & Raumfahrt flexible structure
GB9506954D0 (en) 1995-04-04 1995-05-24 Street Graham S B Method and apparatus for image enhancement
US5703724A (en) 1995-05-16 1997-12-30 Fuji Photo Film, Co., Ltd. Objective lens system for endoscope
DK0782463T3 (en) 1995-04-28 2000-06-05 Target Therapeutics Inc High-performance braided catheter
US6080104A (en) 1995-05-16 2000-06-27 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic endoscope system
JP3498426B2 (en) 1995-05-16 2004-02-16 富士写真光機株式会社 Flexible tube of the endoscope
US5830124A (en) 1995-05-18 1998-11-03 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Guide structure for electronic endoscope systems
US5554220A (en) 1995-05-19 1996-09-10 The Trustees Of Princeton University Method and apparatus using organic vapor phase deposition for the growth of organic thin films with large optical non-linearities
US6210337B1 (en) * 1995-06-07 2001-04-03 Atl Ultrasound Inc. Ultrasonic endoscopic probe
GB9511497D0 (en) 1995-06-07 1995-08-02 Advanced Tech Lab Ultrasonic endoscope probe
WO1996039917A1 (en) 1995-06-07 1996-12-19 Chilcoat Robert T Articulated endospcope with specific advantages for laryngoscopy
US5589854A (en) 1995-06-22 1996-12-31 Tsai; Ming-Chang Touching feedback device
US6739744B2 (en) 1997-07-02 2004-05-25 Lumitex, Inc. Light delivery systems and applications thereof
US7306559B2 (en) 1997-07-02 2007-12-11 Lumitex, Inc. Illuminated surgical retractor
US6847490B1 (en) 1997-01-13 2005-01-25 Medispectra, Inc. Optical probe accessory device for use in vivo diagnostic procedures
US5812983A (en) 1995-08-03 1998-09-22 Kumagai; Yasuo Computed medical file and chart system
US5788714A (en) 1995-08-14 1998-08-04 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Flexible tube for an endoscope
US5724068A (en) 1995-09-07 1998-03-03 Microsoft Corporation Joystick with uniform center return force
US5730701A (en) 1995-09-12 1998-03-24 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope
US6050718A (en) 1996-03-28 2000-04-18 Immersion Corporation Method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth force feedback with improved actuator feel
US5810715A (en) 1995-09-29 1998-09-22 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope provided with function of being locked to flexibility of insertion part which is set by flexibility modifying operation member
JP3468952B2 (en) 1995-11-17 2003-11-25 株式会社町田製作所 Medical endoscopes
US6007531A (en) 1995-11-21 1999-12-28 Catheter Imaging Systems, Inc. Steerable catheter having disposable module and sterilizable handle and method of connecting same
US6061004A (en) 1995-11-26 2000-05-09 Immersion Corporation Providing force feedback using an interface device including an indexing function
US6078308A (en) 1995-12-13 2000-06-20 Immersion Corporation Graphical click surfaces for force feedback applications to provide user selection using cursor interaction with a trigger position within a boundary of a graphical object
US20030069522A1 (en) 1995-12-07 2003-04-10 Jacobsen Stephen J. Slotted medical device
JP3466012B2 (en) 1995-12-08 2003-11-10 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Endoscope
US5749828A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-05-12 Hewlett-Packard Company Bending neck for use with invasive medical devices
ES2241037T3 (en) 1996-02-15 2005-10-16 Biosense Webster, Inc. precise positioning of endoscopes.
JP3627344B2 (en) 1996-01-09 2005-03-09 フジノン株式会社 Liquid delivery device of the body cavity inspection device
US5986268A (en) 1996-01-11 1999-11-16 The Trustees Of Princeton University Organic luminescent coating for light detectors
US5733242A (en) 1996-02-07 1998-03-31 Rayburn; Robert L. Intubation system having an axially moveable memory cylinder
JP2000507997A (en) * 1996-02-09 2000-06-27 サーフェス ソルーションズ ラボラトリーズ インコーポレイテッド Articles made hydrophilic coating composition of aqueous and therefrom
CA2246288C (en) 1996-02-15 2005-09-20 Biosense, Inc. Medical probes with field transducers
DE69738274D1 (en) 1996-02-15 2007-12-20 Biosense Webster Inc Moving receive and transmit coils for a location determination system
US5933809A (en) 1996-02-29 1999-08-03 Medcom Solutions, Inc. Computer software for processing medical billing record information
JP3315859B2 (en) 1996-04-03 2002-08-19 旭光学工業株式会社 Electronic endoscope
US5931819A (en) 1996-04-18 1999-08-03 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Guidewire with a variable stiffness distal portion
US5843000A (en) 1996-05-07 1998-12-01 The General Hospital Corporation Optical biopsy forceps and method of diagnosing tissue
JP4018147B2 (en) 1996-05-17 2007-12-05 バイオセンス・インコーポレイテッド Self-aligning catheter
DE19721713C2 (en) 1996-05-24 2003-08-07 Pentax Corp electronic endoscope
JP3780066B2 (en) 1996-06-03 2006-05-31 テルモ株式会社 Medical tubing
US6398776B1 (en) 1996-06-03 2002-06-04 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Tubular medical device
US6300756B2 (en) 1996-06-12 2001-10-09 The Trustees Of Princeton University Micro-mechanical probes for charge sensing
EP0904596A1 (en) 1996-06-12 1999-03-31 The Trustees Of Princeton University Plasma treatment of conductive layers
US6911916B1 (en) 1996-06-24 2005-06-28 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Method and apparatus for accessing medical data over a network
US6496099B2 (en) 1996-06-24 2002-12-17 Computer Motion, Inc. General purpose distributed operating room control system
US6048630A (en) 1996-07-02 2000-04-11 The Trustees Of Princeton University Red-emitting organic light emitting devices (OLED's)
DE19627258C2 (en) 1996-07-08 2001-04-12 Chemson Polymer Additive A process for producing a fusible stabilizer combination
US6296608B1 (en) 1996-07-08 2001-10-02 Boston Scientific Corporation Diagnosing and performing interventional procedures on tissue in vivo
US5823948A (en) 1996-07-08 1998-10-20 Rlis, Inc. Medical records, documentation, tracking and order entry system
JPH1033472A (en) 1996-07-19 1998-02-10 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope device
JP3708238B2 (en) 1996-08-08 2005-10-19 オリンパス株式会社 Method for producing a gradient index optical element
US5993447A (en) 1996-08-16 1999-11-30 United States Surgical Apparatus for thermal treatment of tissue
US5904147A (en) 1996-08-16 1999-05-18 University Of Massachusetts Intravascular catheter and method of controlling hemorrhage during minimally invasive surgery
US7018331B2 (en) 1996-08-26 2006-03-28 Stryker Corporation Endoscope assembly useful with a scope-sensing light cable
JPH1078195A (en) * 1996-09-03 1998-03-24 Fuji Koki Seisakusho:Kk Flexible member and magnifier with handle using the member
JP3688822B2 (en) 1996-09-03 2005-08-31 株式会社東芝 Electronic medical record system
US5882293A (en) 1996-09-05 1999-03-16 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Treatment accessories for endoscope
US6002425A (en) 1996-09-12 1999-12-14 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. All pixels read type electronic endoscope system
US6078353A (en) 1996-09-12 2000-06-20 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. All-pixels reading type electronic endoscope apparatus
US6096009A (en) 1996-09-13 2000-08-01 Boston Scientific Corporation Guidewire and catheter locking device and method
US5820547A (en) 1996-09-25 1998-10-13 Karl Storz Gmbh & Co. Endoscope optics tester
US6322498B1 (en) 1996-10-04 2001-11-27 University Of Florida Imaging scope
JP3780044B2 (en) 1996-10-11 2006-05-31 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
US6352539B1 (en) 1997-05-02 2002-03-05 Scilogy Corp. Surgical instrument with rotatable shaft
US6221070B1 (en) 1996-10-18 2001-04-24 Irvine Biomedical, Inc. Steerable ablation catheter system having disposable shaft
JPH10118011A (en) 1996-10-25 1998-05-12 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope system using stylet
US5828197A (en) 1996-10-25 1998-10-27 Immersion Human Interface Corporation Mechanical interface having multiple grounded actuators
US5876331A (en) 1996-11-12 1999-03-02 Johnson & Johnson Medical, Inc. Endoscope with improved flexible insertion tube
US5941817A (en) 1996-11-14 1999-08-24 Vista Medical Technologies, Inc. Endoscope wherein electrical components are electrically isolated from patient-engaging components
JP3448169B2 (en) 1996-11-14 2003-09-16 富士写真光機株式会社 All-pixel reading electronic endoscope apparatus
US5897507A (en) 1996-11-25 1999-04-27 Symbiosis Corporation Biopsy forceps instrument having irrigation and aspiration capabilities
US6142956A (en) 1996-11-25 2000-11-07 Symbiosis Corporation Proximal actuation handle for a biopsy forceps instrument having irrigation and aspiration capabilities
JP3615890B2 (en) 1996-12-04 2005-02-02 フジノン株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP3532368B2 (en) 1996-12-10 2004-05-31 富士写真フイルム株式会社 Endoscope
US5950168A (en) 1996-12-18 1999-09-07 Knowmed Systems Collapsible flowsheet for displaying patient information in an electronic medical record
US5910129A (en) 1996-12-19 1999-06-08 Ep Technologies, Inc. Catheter distal assembly with pull wires
US6007482A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-12-28 Madni; Asad M. Endoscope with stretchable flexible sheath covering
US6046543A (en) 1996-12-23 2000-04-04 The Trustees Of Princeton University High reliability, high efficiency, integratable organic light emitting devices and methods of producing same
US6045930A (en) 1996-12-23 2000-04-04 The Trustees Of Princeton University Materials for multicolor light emitting diodes
US6013982A (en) 1996-12-23 2000-01-11 The Trustees Of Princeton University Multicolor display devices
US5834893A (en) 1996-12-23 1998-11-10 The Trustees Of Princeton University High efficiency organic light emitting devices with light directing structures
US5811833A (en) 1996-12-23 1998-09-22 University Of So. Ca Electron transporting and light emitting layers based on organic free radicals
US5821466A (en) 1996-12-23 1998-10-13 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Multiple twisted pair data cable with geometrically concentric cable groups
US20040015079A1 (en) 1999-06-22 2004-01-22 Teratech Corporation Ultrasound probe with integrated electronics
US6146355A (en) 1996-12-30 2000-11-14 Myelotec, Inc. Steerable catheter
JPH10192220A (en) 1997-01-14 1998-07-28 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US5844363A (en) 1997-01-23 1998-12-01 The Trustees Of Princeton Univ. Vacuum deposited, non-polymeric flexible organic light emitting devices
US5876427A (en) 1997-01-29 1999-03-02 Light Sciences Limited Partnership Compact flexible circuit configuration
US5938616A (en) 1997-01-31 1999-08-17 Acuson Corporation Steering mechanism and steering line for a catheter-mounted ultrasonic transducer
JP2815346B2 (en) 1997-01-31 1998-10-27 株式会社亀田医療情報研究所 Medical plan support system
US5917280A (en) 1997-02-03 1999-06-29 The Trustees Of Princeton University Stacked organic light emitting devices
US6091195A (en) 1997-02-03 2000-07-18 The Trustees Of Princeton University Displays having mesa pixel configuration
US5757139A (en) 1997-02-03 1998-05-26 The Trustees Of Princeton University Driving circuit for stacked organic light emitting devices
US7048717B1 (en) 1999-09-27 2006-05-23 Essex Technology, Inc. Rotate-to-advance catheterization system
US5928136A (en) 1997-02-13 1999-07-27 Karl Storz Gmbh & Co. Articulated vertebra for endoscopes and method to make it
US6095970A (en) 1997-02-19 2000-08-01 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Endoscope
US6669689B2 (en) 1997-02-27 2003-12-30 Cryocath Technologies Inc. Cryosurgical catheter
JP3853899B2 (en) 1997-02-27 2006-12-06 オリンパス株式会社 Electronic endoscope composite coaxial cable and the electronic endoscope
US6068623A (en) 1997-03-06 2000-05-30 Percusurge, Inc. Hollow medical wires and methods of constructing same
JPH10260348A (en) 1997-03-19 1998-09-29 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Objective for endoscope
US5986401A (en) 1997-03-20 1999-11-16 The Trustee Of Princeton University High contrast transparent organic light emitting device display
US5876373A (en) 1997-04-04 1999-03-02 Eclipse Surgical Technologies, Inc. Steerable catheter
US5827186A (en) 1997-04-11 1998-10-27 Light Sciences Limited Partnership Method and PDT probe for minimizing CT and MRI image artifacts
JP3684025B2 (en) 1997-04-14 2005-08-17 オリンパス株式会社 The endoscope shape detecting apparatus
US5861219A (en) 1997-04-15 1999-01-19 The Trustees Of Princeton University Organic light emitting devices containing a metal complex of 5-hydroxy-quinoxaline as a host material
DE19880445D2 (en) 1997-04-16 2002-08-14 Storz Karl Gmbh & Co Kg endoscopic system
US6125226A (en) 1997-04-18 2000-09-26 The Trustees Of Princeton University Light emitting devices having high brightness
US5803898A (en) 1997-05-05 1998-09-08 Bashour; Charles Allen Intubation system
US6111902A (en) 1997-05-09 2000-08-29 The Trustees Of Princeton University Organic semiconductor laser
US6330262B1 (en) 1997-05-09 2001-12-11 The Trustees Of Princeton University Organic semiconductor lasers
CA2289940A1 (en) 1997-05-12 1998-11-19 Mlk Software The centralized collection of geographically distributed data
US5873817A (en) 1997-05-12 1999-02-23 Circon Corporation Endoscope with resilient deflectable section
US5932895A (en) 1997-05-20 1999-08-03 The Trustees Of Princeton University Saturated full color stacked organic light emitting devices
US5998803A (en) 1997-05-29 1999-12-07 The Trustees Of Princeton University Organic light emitting device containing a hole injection enhancement layer
DE69819289T2 (en) 1997-06-23 2004-08-05 Philips Intellectual Property & Standards Gmbh An image-guided surgical system
US5938588A (en) 1997-06-25 1999-08-17 Circon Corporation Superelastic control wire sheath for flexible endoscope
US5991729A (en) 1997-06-28 1999-11-23 Barry; James T. Methods for generating patient-specific medical reports
US6501542B2 (en) 1998-06-30 2002-12-31 Lj Laboratories, Llc Apparatus and method for measuring optical characteristics of an object
US5857964A (en) 1997-07-08 1999-01-12 Circon Corporation Endoscope with interlocking articulating deflection system
JPH1176403A (en) 1997-07-11 1999-03-23 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Surgical treatment instrument
JPH1132986A (en) 1997-07-16 1999-02-09 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope system
DE19731894C1 (en) 1997-07-24 1999-05-12 Storz Karl Gmbh & Co Endoscopic instrument for performing endoscopic procedures or tests and endoscopic instruments containing such endoscopic instrument
US5956689A (en) 1997-07-31 1999-09-21 Accordant Health Services, Inc. Systems, methods and computer program products for using event specificity to identify patients having a specified disease
WO1999006866A1 (en) 1997-08-01 1999-02-11 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Objective of endoscope
US6059719A (en) 1997-08-06 2000-05-09 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope system
GB2328212B (en) 1997-08-12 2000-11-29 Samsung Display Devices Co Ltd Organic electroluminescent polymer for light emitting diode
US6132369A (en) 1997-08-21 2000-10-17 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Opening/closing and flow rate controller for an endoscope pipe
US5956690A (en) 1997-09-03 1999-09-21 The Detroit Medical Center Bundled billing accounting computer systems
US6242115B1 (en) 1997-09-08 2001-06-05 The University Of Southern California OLEDs containing thermally stable asymmetric charge carrier materials
US5874803A (en) 1997-09-09 1999-02-23 The Trustees Of Princeton University Light emitting device with stack of OLEDS and phosphor downconverter
US6211904B1 (en) 1997-09-11 2001-04-03 Edwin L. Adair Surgical devices incorporating reduced area imaging devices
US5981306A (en) 1997-09-12 1999-11-09 The Trustees Of Princeton University Method for depositing indium tin oxide layers in organic light emitting devices
US5980468A (en) 1997-09-22 1999-11-09 Zimmon Scientific Corporation Apparatus and method for serial collection storage and processing of biopsy specimens
US5916147A (en) 1997-09-22 1999-06-29 Boury; Harb N. Selectively manipulable catheter
US6565594B1 (en) 1997-09-24 2003-05-20 Atrium Medical Corporation Tunneling device
US6185443B1 (en) 1997-09-29 2001-02-06 Boston Scientific Corporation Visible display for an interventional device
JPH11112889A (en) 1997-09-29 1999-04-23 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Signal transmission circuit for solid-state image pickup element
US5929901A (en) 1997-10-06 1999-07-27 Adair; Edwin L. Reduced area imaging devices incorporated within surgical instruments
US5986693A (en) 1997-10-06 1999-11-16 Adair; Edwin L. Reduced area imaging devices incorporated within surgical instruments
US6310642B1 (en) 1997-11-24 2001-10-30 Micro-Medical Devices, Inc. Reduced area imaging devices incorporated within surgical instruments
US6043839A (en) 1997-10-06 2000-03-28 Adair; Edwin L. Reduced area imaging devices
US5991730A (en) 1997-10-08 1999-11-23 Queue Corporation Methods and systems for automated patient tracking and data acquisition
US6030715A (en) 1997-10-09 2000-02-29 The University Of Southern California Azlactone-related dopants in the emissive layer of an OLED
US6095971A (en) 1997-10-22 2000-08-01 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope fluid controller
US6067077A (en) 1998-04-10 2000-05-23 Immersion Corporation Position sensing for force feedback devices
US6104382A (en) 1997-10-31 2000-08-15 Immersion Corporation Force feedback transmission mechanisms
US6420031B1 (en) 1997-11-03 2002-07-16 The Trustees Of Princeton University Highly transparent non-metallic cathodes
CN1225229C (en) 1997-11-04 2005-11-02 赛特莱恩技术有限公司 Closure catheter for closing body holes
US6337102B1 (en) 1997-11-17 2002-01-08 The Trustees Of Princeton University Low pressure vapor phase deposition of organic thin films
US5953587A (en) 1997-11-24 1999-09-14 The Trustees Of Princeton University Method for deposition and patterning of organic thin film
US6013538A (en) 1997-11-24 2000-01-11 The Trustees Of Princeton University Method of fabricating and patterning OLEDs
US5935085A (en) 1997-11-24 1999-08-10 Stephen W. Welsh Method for prepping a patient for an endoscopic procedure
US6303238B1 (en) 1997-12-01 2001-10-16 The Trustees Of Princeton University OLEDs doped with phosphorescent compounds
US5980454A (en) 1997-12-01 1999-11-09 Endonetics, Inc. Endoscopic imaging system employing diffractive optical elements
US6273876B1 (en) 1997-12-05 2001-08-14 Intratherapeutics, Inc. Catheter segments having circumferential supports with axial projection
JP3370916B2 (en) 1997-12-11 2003-01-27 富士写真光機株式会社 An electronic endoscope apparatus that the scope unconnected display
EP1049951A1 (en) 1997-12-22 2000-11-08 Micrus Corporation Variable stiffness fiber optic shaft
US6489987B1 (en) 1998-01-09 2002-12-03 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus
US6200134B1 (en) * 1998-01-20 2001-03-13 Kerr Corporation Apparatus and method for curing materials with radiation
DE19802572A1 (en) 1998-01-23 1999-08-05 Siemens Health Service Gmbh & Medical system architecture
JP2002500907A (en) 1998-01-26 2002-01-15 マサチユセツツ・インスチチユート・オブ・テクノロジイ Fluorescence imaging endoscope
US6087196A (en) 1998-01-30 2000-07-11 The Trustees Of Princeton University Fabrication of organic semiconductor devices using ink jet printing
JPH11216113A (en) 1998-02-03 1999-08-10 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope device
US6009925A (en) 1998-02-05 2000-01-04 Hall Dielectric Machinery, Inc. Apparatus for welding thermoplastic materials
US20010020150A1 (en) * 1998-02-06 2001-09-06 Biagio Ravo Inflatable intraluminal molding device
US6216104B1 (en) 1998-02-20 2001-04-10 Philips Electronics North America Corporation Computer-based patient record and message delivery system
US20020087048A1 (en) 1998-02-24 2002-07-04 Brock David L. Flexible instrument
US7090683B2 (en) 1998-02-24 2006-08-15 Hansen Medical, Inc. Flexible instrument
US7214230B2 (en) 1998-02-24 2007-05-08 Hansen Medical, Inc. Flexible instrument
US7169141B2 (en) 1998-02-24 2007-01-30 Hansen Medical, Inc. Surgical instrument
EP0938871A3 (en) 1998-02-27 2001-03-07 ECLIPSE SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIES, Inc. Surgical apparatus
US6726675B1 (en) 1998-03-11 2004-04-27 Navicath Ltd. Remote control catheterization
US6432042B1 (en) 1998-12-11 2002-08-13 Cleveland Clinic Foundation Intubation system
US6309347B1 (en) 1998-03-17 2001-10-30 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Air and water supply system for endoscopes
US6141037A (en) 1998-03-18 2000-10-31 Linvatec Corporation Video camera system and related method
JP3367415B2 (en) 1998-03-18 2003-01-14 ペンタックス株式会社 Flexible tube and its manufacturing method of an endoscope
US6128006A (en) 1998-03-26 2000-10-03 Immersion Corporation Force feedback mouse wheel and other control wheels
US6155988A (en) 1998-03-26 2000-12-05 Nivarox-Far S.A. Device for taking samples, for example for a biopsy, and rack system fitted to such a device
JP4175711B2 (en) 1998-03-31 2008-11-05 オリンパス株式会社 Imaging device
US6287712B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2001-09-11 The Trustees Of Princeton University Color-tunable organic light emitting devices
US6210814B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2001-04-03 The University Of Southern California Color-tunable organic light emitting devices
US6312836B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2001-11-06 The Trustees Of Princeton University Color-tunable organic light emitting devices
US6150043A (en) 1998-04-10 2000-11-21 The Trustees Of Princeton University OLEDs containing thermally stable glassy organic hole transporting materials
US6387544B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2002-05-14 The Trustees Of Princeton University OLEDS containing thermally stable glassy organic hole transporting materials
US6171235B1 (en) 1998-05-29 2001-01-09 Circon Corporation Flexible pressure resistant cover for the articulation system of a medical instrument
WO1999061068A9 (en) 1998-05-29 2000-09-08 Univ Pennsylvania Anti-prostate cancer vaccines, and methods of making, using and evaluating the same
US6511454B1 (en) 1998-05-29 2003-01-28 Nidek Co., Ltd. Irrigation/aspiration apparatus and irrigation/aspiration cassette therefore
US6545703B1 (en) 1998-06-26 2003-04-08 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope
US6127693A (en) 1998-07-02 2000-10-03 National Science Council Of Republic Of China Light emitting diode with blue light and red light emitting polymers
JP2000019427A (en) 1998-07-06 2000-01-21 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Image-pickup device assembly unit for endoscope
US6350233B1 (en) 1998-07-30 2002-02-26 David Z. Lubowski Sigmoidoscope
US6139508A (en) 1998-08-04 2000-10-31 Endonetics, Inc. Articulated medical device
US6149607A (en) 1998-08-04 2000-11-21 Endonetics, Inc. Multiple sample biopsy device
DE19836481C1 (en) 1998-08-12 2000-03-30 Storz Karl Gmbh & Co Kg Handle for a medical instrument
JP2000066115A (en) 1998-08-21 2000-03-03 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Light source device for endoscope
US6259562B1 (en) 1998-08-25 2001-07-10 Physical Optics Corporation Device including an optical element with an integral surface diffuser
US6136015A (en) 1998-08-25 2000-10-24 Micrus Corporation Vasoocclusive coil
US6488619B1 (en) 1998-09-08 2002-12-03 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Distal endoscope part having light emitting source such as light emitting diodes as illuminating means
US6478730B1 (en) 1998-09-09 2002-11-12 Visionscope, Inc. Zoom laparoscope
US6432041B1 (en) 1998-09-09 2002-08-13 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope shape detecting apparatus wherein form detecting processing is controlled according to connection state of magnetic field generating means
US6097147A (en) 1998-09-14 2000-08-01 The Trustees Of Princeton University Structure for high efficiency electroluminescent device
US6413656B1 (en) 1998-09-14 2002-07-02 The University Of Southern California Reduced symmetry porphyrin molecules for producing enhanced luminosity from phosphorescent organic light emitting devices
US6166489A (en) 1998-09-15 2000-12-26 The Trustees Of Princeton University Light emitting device using dual light emitting stacks to achieve full-color emission
US6846285B2 (en) 1998-09-16 2005-01-25 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus with drum part to wind insertion part therearound
JP3669471B2 (en) 1998-09-30 2005-07-06 フジノン株式会社 Video signal transmission device
US6544215B1 (en) 1998-10-02 2003-04-08 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Steerable device for introducing diagnostic and therapeutic apparatus into the body
US7972323B1 (en) 1998-10-02 2011-07-05 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Steerable device for introducing diagnostic and therapeutic apparatus into the body
JP2000121962A (en) 1998-10-16 2000-04-28 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US6214631B1 (en) 1998-10-30 2001-04-10 The Trustees Of Princeton University Method for patterning light emitting devices incorporating a movable mask
US7044134B2 (en) 1999-11-08 2006-05-16 Ev3 Sunnyvale, Inc Method of implanting a device in the left atrial appendage
US6475222B1 (en) 1998-11-06 2002-11-05 St. Jude Medical Atg, Inc. Minimally invasive revascularization apparatus and methods
US6274980B1 (en) 1998-11-16 2001-08-14 The Trustees Of Princeton University Single-color stacked organic light emitting device
US6690410B1 (en) 1999-06-09 2004-02-10 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Image processing unit with expandable image signal processing capability and endoscopic imaging system
JP3504517B2 (en) 1998-11-27 2004-03-08 オリンパス株式会社 The endoscope insertion shape detecting device
US6734893B1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2004-05-11 Olympus Winter & Ibe Gmbh Endoscopy illumination system for stroboscopy
US6152877A (en) 1998-12-16 2000-11-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multimode video controller for ultrasound and X-ray video exchange system
US6381029B1 (en) 1998-12-23 2002-04-30 Etrauma, Llc Systems and methods for remote viewing of patient images
US6574629B1 (en) 1998-12-23 2003-06-03 Agfa Corporation Picture archiving and communication system
JP2000193893A (en) * 1998-12-28 2000-07-14 Suzuki Motor Corp Bending device of insertion tube for inspection
US6597390B1 (en) 1999-01-11 2003-07-22 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus
US6083152A (en) 1999-01-11 2000-07-04 Welch Allyn, Inc. Endoscopic insertion tube
JP2000231062A (en) * 1999-02-09 2000-08-22 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscopic device
JP2000236555A (en) 1999-02-12 2000-08-29 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Electronic endoscope device
US6602185B1 (en) 1999-02-18 2003-08-05 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Remote surgery support system
US7683926B2 (en) 1999-02-25 2010-03-23 Visionsense Ltd. Optical device
US6425858B1 (en) 1999-03-19 2002-07-30 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope apparatus having magnification changing function
US6352531B1 (en) 1999-03-24 2002-03-05 Micrus Corporation Variable stiffness optical fiber shaft
US6328730B1 (en) 1999-03-26 2001-12-11 William W. Harkrider, Jr. Endoluminal multi-luminal surgical sheath and method
US6161049A (en) 1999-03-26 2000-12-12 Urologix, Inc. Thermal therapy catheter
US6461304B1 (en) 1999-03-30 2002-10-08 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Ultrasound inspection apparatus detachably connected to endoscope
US6715068B1 (en) 1999-03-31 2004-03-30 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Multi-microcomputer system
US6565554B1 (en) 1999-04-07 2003-05-20 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Friction compensation in a minimally invasive surgical apparatus
JP3579615B2 (en) 1999-05-07 2004-10-20 富士写真光機株式会社 Endoscope having a variable magnification function
US6482149B1 (en) 1999-05-12 2002-11-19 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Curved part of endoscope
DE60021679D1 (en) 1999-05-18 2005-09-08 Olympus Corp Tokio Tokyo endoscope
US6928490B1 (en) 1999-05-20 2005-08-09 St. Louis University Networking infrastructure for an operating room
US6503195B1 (en) 1999-05-24 2003-01-07 University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill Methods and systems for real-time structured light depth extraction and endoscope using real-time structured light depth extraction
DE19924361C2 (en) 1999-05-27 2002-05-08 Winter & Ibe Olympus endoscope
DE19924440A1 (en) 1999-05-28 2000-12-07 Storz Karl Gmbh & Co Kg Shaft for a flexible endoscope
JP3394742B2 (en) 1999-05-31 2003-04-07 オリンパス光学工業株式会社 Data filing system for an endoscope
DE60037731T2 (en) 1999-06-05 2009-01-15 Wilson-Cook Medical Inc. Markers for a medical endoscopic device
ES2257299T3 (en) 1999-06-15 2006-08-01 Given Imaging Ltd. optical system.
US6890329B2 (en) 1999-06-15 2005-05-10 Cryocath Technologies Inc. Defined deflection structure
US6398778B1 (en) 1999-06-18 2002-06-04 Photonics Research Ontario Optical fiber diffuser
DE29910795U1 (en) 1999-06-21 1999-09-02 Wolf Gmbh Richard electronic endoscope
JP2001008199A (en) 1999-06-24 2001-01-12 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Electronic endoscope device
JP2001061861A (en) 1999-06-28 2001-03-13 Siemens Ag System having image photographing means and medical work station
US6783510B1 (en) 1999-07-08 2004-08-31 C.R. Bard, Inc. Steerable catheter
DE19932022A1 (en) 1999-07-09 2001-02-08 Etm Endoskopische Technik Gmbh Endoscope-type device, particularly for emergency intubation
US6310360B1 (en) 1999-07-21 2001-10-30 The Trustees Of Princeton University Intersystem crossing agents for efficient utilization of excitons in organic light emitting devices
JP2001034631A (en) 1999-07-22 2001-02-09 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Image file device and data base production method of the image file device
US6638212B1 (en) 1999-07-27 2003-10-28 Olympus Optical Endoscope system having storage part of endoscope-related-data provided in endoscope
JP3565099B2 (en) 1999-08-02 2004-09-15 富士写真光機株式会社 Fluid supply device of the endoscope
US6785410B2 (en) 1999-08-09 2004-08-31 Wake Forest University Health Sciences Image reporting method and system
WO2001012576A1 (en) 1999-08-16 2001-02-22 The University Of Southern California Synthesis of cyclooctatetraene derivatives and their use as electron transporters in organic light emitting diodes
CA2382625C (en) 1999-08-24 2008-02-05 Nikolay Nikolaevich Guletsky Volume holograms in transparent materials
JP2001061764A (en) 1999-08-25 2001-03-13 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Endoscope device
US6796939B1 (en) * 1999-08-26 2004-09-28 Olympus Corporation Electronic endoscope
US6871086B2 (en) 2001-02-15 2005-03-22 Robin Medical Inc. Endoscopic examining apparatus particularly useful in MRI, a probe useful in such apparatus, and a method of making such probe
US6651669B1 (en) 1999-09-07 2003-11-25 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Systems and methods to identify and disable re-used single use devices based on cataloging catheter usage
WO2001018585A1 (en) 1999-09-08 2001-03-15 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Image pickup optical system for endoscope
WO2001017453A9 (en) * 1999-09-08 2002-11-14 Curon Medical Inc Systems and methods for monitoring and controlling use of medical devices
JP3721882B2 (en) * 1999-09-14 2005-11-30 フジノン株式会社 The insertion portion of the endoscope
US7037258B2 (en) 1999-09-24 2006-05-02 Karl Storz Imaging, Inc. Image orientation for endoscopic video displays
JP4317297B2 (en) 1999-09-30 2009-08-19 フジノン株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP4454078B2 (en) 1999-10-08 2010-04-21 株式会社町田製作所 Bending tube of the endoscope and the manufacturing method thereof
JP3232562B2 (en) 1999-10-22 2001-11-26 日本電気株式会社 Electromagnetic interference suppression components and electromagnetic interference suppression circuitry
US6780151B2 (en) 1999-10-26 2004-08-24 Acmi Corporation Flexible ureteropyeloscope
US6749560B1 (en) 1999-10-26 2004-06-15 Circon Corporation Endoscope shaft with slotted tube
US6611846B1 (en) 1999-10-30 2003-08-26 Medtamic Holdings Method and system for medical patient data analysis
US6450948B1 (en) 1999-11-02 2002-09-17 Vista Medical Technologies, Inc. Deflecting tip for surgical cannula
JP4424795B2 (en) 1999-11-04 2010-03-03 Hoya株式会社 Distal end portion of the endoscope
DE10055725B4 (en) 1999-11-11 2007-12-27 Pentax Corp. An electronic endoscope system
GB9927594D0 (en) 1999-11-22 2000-01-19 Cambridge Display Tech Fibre optic device
US6224587B1 (en) 1999-11-22 2001-05-01 C.R. Bard, Inc. Steerable catheter
US6294398B1 (en) 1999-11-23 2001-09-25 The Trustees Of Princeton University Method for patterning devices
US6331438B1 (en) 1999-11-24 2001-12-18 Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc. Optical sensors and multisensor arrays containing thin film electroluminescent devices
JP2001166223A (en) 1999-12-03 2001-06-22 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
DE10059661B4 (en) 1999-12-03 2016-01-28 Hoya Corp. electronic endoscope
US6366268B1 (en) 1999-12-03 2002-04-02 The Trustees Of Princeton University Display driving method and device
JP3689294B2 (en) 1999-12-13 2005-08-31 ペンタックス株式会社 Method for producing a flexible tube for an endoscope and endoscopic flexible tube
DE19961027B4 (en) 1999-12-16 2007-01-18 Karl Storz Gmbh & Co. Kg A medical instrument for treating tissue or bone cement in the human or animal body
GB2357856B (en) * 1999-12-29 2001-12-19 Keymed Annular light source in borescopes and endoscopes
WO2001049356A1 (en) 2000-01-06 2001-07-12 Bedell Raymond L Steerable fiberoptic epidural balloon catheter and scope
US6364828B1 (en) * 2000-01-06 2002-04-02 Hubert K. Yeung Elongated flexible inspection neck
US6599237B1 (en) 2000-01-10 2003-07-29 Errol O. Singh Instrument and method for facilitating endoscopic examination and surgical procedures
US6620497B2 (en) 2000-01-11 2003-09-16 Cool Options, Inc. Polymer composition with boron nitride coated carbon flakes
DE10102433B4 (en) 2000-01-21 2008-07-10 Pentax Corp. Flexible tube for an endoscope
US6699179B2 (en) * 2000-01-27 2004-03-02 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter introducer system for exploration of body cavities
JP4898993B2 (en) 2000-01-28 2012-03-21 クック メディカル テクノロジーズ エルエルシーCook Medical Technologies Llc Intravascular medical device comprising a plurality of wires
US6458076B1 (en) 2000-02-01 2002-10-01 5 Star Medical Multi-lumen medical device
US6752800B1 (en) 2000-02-18 2004-06-22 Intraluminal Therapeutics Inc. Catheter handle for controlling the advancement of a guide wire
US6589162B2 (en) 2000-02-21 2003-07-08 Pentax Corporation Endoscope system and video camera for endoscope
US6398724B1 (en) 2000-03-16 2002-06-04 Medivision, Inc. Focusable optical instrument with a sealed optical system having no internal optical moving parts
JP3488170B2 (en) 2000-03-21 2004-01-19 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
US6569086B2 (en) 2000-03-27 2003-05-27 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Controllable bending endoscope
US6517478B2 (en) 2000-03-30 2003-02-11 Cbyon, Inc. Apparatus and method for calibrating an endoscope
US6511418B2 (en) 2000-03-30 2003-01-28 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Apparatus and method for calibrating and endoscope
WO2001074251A3 (en) 2000-03-31 2002-01-31 Daniel J Balbierz Tissue biopsy and treatment apparatus and method
US6858005B2 (en) 2000-04-03 2005-02-22 Neo Guide Systems, Inc. Tendon-driven endoscope and methods of insertion
US6800056B2 (en) 2000-04-03 2004-10-05 Neoguide Systems, Inc. Endoscope with guiding apparatus
US6468203B2 (en) * 2000-04-03 2002-10-22 Neoguide Systems, Inc. Steerable endoscope and improved method of insertion
US6974411B2 (en) 2000-04-03 2005-12-13 Neoguide Systems, Inc. Endoscope with single step guiding apparatus
US20060074442A1 (en) 2000-04-06 2006-04-06 Revascular Therapeutics, Inc. Guidewire for crossing occlusions or stenoses
JP2001353124A (en) 2000-04-10 2001-12-25 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscopic apparatus
EP1287707B1 (en) 2000-04-10 2015-08-12 C2Cure Inc. An image sensor and an endoscope using the same
US6485411B1 (en) 2000-04-12 2002-11-26 Circon Corporation Endoscope shaft with superelastic alloy spiral frame and braid
DE60121316T2 (en) 2000-04-21 2007-08-02 Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) Device for positioning, inspection and / or treating, in particular in the field of endoscopy and / or minimally invasive surgery
US6582536B2 (en) 2000-04-24 2003-06-24 Biotran Corporation Inc. Process for producing steerable sheath catheters
EP1149555A3 (en) 2000-04-24 2002-04-17 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Fluorescent endoscope apparatus
US6860849B2 (en) 2000-05-08 2005-03-01 Pentax Corporation Flexible tube for an endoscope
JP3791894B2 (en) 2000-05-12 2006-06-28 オリンパス株式会社 The endoscopic image filing system
DE60134739D1 (en) 2000-05-16 2008-08-21 Atrionix Inc Catheter having a steerable tip and track alignment mechanism of a guide wire
US6663598B1 (en) 2000-05-17 2003-12-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Fluid seal for endoscope
US6468204B2 (en) 2000-05-25 2002-10-22 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Fluorescent endoscope apparatus
US6743239B1 (en) * 2000-05-25 2004-06-01 St. Jude Medical, Inc. Devices with a bendable tip for medical procedures
US6829003B2 (en) 2000-06-02 2004-12-07 Pentax Corporation Sampling pulse generator of electronic endoscope
JP2002007134A (en) 2000-06-26 2002-01-11 Denso Corp Program introduction system
US6475141B2 (en) 2000-06-29 2002-11-05 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope device using separated area photometry
US6530882B1 (en) 2000-06-30 2003-03-11 Inner Vision Imaging, L.L.C. Endoscope having microscopic and macroscopic magnification
JP4574806B2 (en) 2000-07-04 2010-11-04 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
JP4472130B2 (en) 2000-07-14 2010-06-02 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
CA2412295C (en) 2000-07-14 2009-10-06 Cook Incorporated Medical device with braid and coil
US6432043B2 (en) 2000-07-19 2002-08-13 Nihon Kohden Corporation Endoscope
JP4429495B2 (en) 2000-07-28 2010-03-10 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
WO2002010579A1 (en) 2000-07-28 2002-02-07 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc An air intake arrangement for an internal combustion engine
JP3945133B2 (en) 2000-08-02 2007-07-18 フジノン株式会社 Observation window cleaning device of the endoscope
US6579629B1 (en) 2000-08-11 2003-06-17 Eastman Kodak Company Cathode layer in organic light-emitting diode devices
JP2002065582A (en) 2000-08-25 2002-03-05 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Electronic endoscope device
US6540669B2 (en) 2000-08-31 2003-04-01 Pentax Corporation Flexible tube for an endoscope and electronic endoscope equipped with the flexible tube
JP3927764B2 (en) 2000-09-01 2007-06-13 ペンタックス株式会社 Flexible tube for an endoscope
JP3673157B2 (en) 2000-09-05 2005-07-20 オリンパス株式会社 Electric Angle electronic endoscope apparatus
US6595913B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2003-07-22 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Cable structure in electronic endoscope
US6605035B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2003-08-12 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope
JP2002078674A (en) 2000-09-08 2002-03-19 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Curved surface structure of endoscope
JP3835146B2 (en) 2000-09-13 2006-10-18 フジノン株式会社 Flexible tube and a manufacturing method thereof
US20020038121A1 (en) 2000-09-20 2002-03-28 Ytzhak Rozenberg Apparatus system and for identifying a treatment tool within a patient's body
US6656195B2 (en) 2000-09-22 2003-12-02 Medtronic Xomed, Inc. Flexible inner tubular members and rotary tissue cutting instruments having flexible inner tubular members
US6785414B1 (en) * 2000-09-28 2004-08-31 Media Cybernetics, Inc. System and method for establishing an aggregate degree of brightness for each primary color to create a composite color digital image
JP3923718B2 (en) 2000-10-02 2007-06-06 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
JP3600194B2 (en) 2000-10-02 2004-12-08 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
JP2002177199A (en) 2000-10-02 2002-06-25 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope
US6663561B2 (en) 2000-10-05 2003-12-16 Pentax Corporation Video endoscope system
US7106479B2 (en) 2000-10-10 2006-09-12 Stryker Corporation Systems and methods for enhancing the viewing of medical images
US6730019B2 (en) 2000-10-24 2004-05-04 Karl Storz Gmbh & Co. Kg Endoscope with LED illumination
US6495198B2 (en) 2000-11-07 2002-12-17 Helix Technology Inc. Method for fabricating an organic light emitting diode
US6916306B1 (en) 2000-11-10 2005-07-12 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Steerable loop structures for supporting diagnostic and therapeutic elements in contact with body tissue
WO2002045595A3 (en) * 2000-12-06 2003-01-03 Wilson Cook Medical Inc Ligating band delivery apparatus
DE10061107A1 (en) * 2000-12-07 2002-06-27 Marc Henzler Production engineering optimization of an integrated lighting unit of an endoscope
JP2002185873A (en) 2000-12-13 2002-06-28 Asahi Optical Co Ltd Video signal output device
JP4786790B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2011-10-05 Hoya株式会社 Distal end portion of the endoscope
WO2002051126A3 (en) 2000-12-21 2002-10-03 Applied Science Fiction Method and system for trusted digital camera
JP3961765B2 (en) 2000-12-28 2007-08-22 ペンタックス株式会社 Electronic endoscope system
US6758806B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-07-06 Napoli, Llc Endoscopic devices and method of use
EP1351612B1 (en) 2001-01-12 2007-10-03 Napoli, LLC Intra-uterine microcatheter
US7553276B2 (en) 2001-01-16 2009-06-30 Given Imaging Ltd. Method and device for imaging body lumens
US6695774B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2004-02-24 Endactive, Inc. Apparatus and method for controlling endoscopic instruments
US6699181B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2004-03-02 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Connector device for endoscope
US6454162B1 (en) 2001-01-25 2002-09-24 David Teller Process for controlling the misuse of disposable medical products
US6736773B2 (en) 2001-01-25 2004-05-18 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Endoscopic vision system
JP4624572B2 (en) 2001-01-30 2011-02-02 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
US6975968B2 (en) * 2001-02-08 2005-12-13 Olympus Corporation Medical system control apparatus, and method for dealing with trouble with the medical system control apparatus
JP3962550B2 (en) 2001-02-23 2007-08-22 フジノン株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP3958526B2 (en) 2001-02-28 2007-08-15 ペンタックス株式会社 Observation region display system of an electronic endoscope apparatus
JP4005318B2 (en) 2001-02-28 2007-11-07 ペンタックス株式会社 The flexible endoscope
US8617048B2 (en) 2001-03-09 2013-12-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. System for implanting an implant and method thereof
JP2002272675A (en) 2001-03-16 2002-09-24 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Catheter
JP4578708B2 (en) 2001-03-26 2010-11-10 オリンパス株式会社 Clip apparatus of living tissue
US7137981B2 (en) 2002-03-25 2006-11-21 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Endoscopic ablation system with a distally mounted image sensor
JP3922890B2 (en) 2001-03-30 2007-05-30 フジノン株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP3962553B2 (en) * 2001-03-30 2007-08-22 フジノン株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
DE10214174B4 (en) 2001-03-30 2008-08-28 Fujinon Corp. Curvature operating device for an endoscope
JP2002291697A (en) * 2001-03-30 2002-10-08 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Electronic endoscope apparatus provided with ac lighting light source
US6572641B2 (en) 2001-04-09 2003-06-03 Nxstage Medical, Inc. Devices for warming fluid and methods of use
US6950691B2 (en) 2001-04-10 2005-09-27 Olympus Corporation Surgery support system and surgery support method
WO2002083224A3 (en) 2001-04-17 2003-01-03 Eamon Brady A catheter
US6669629B2 (en) 2001-04-24 2003-12-30 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope system comprising an electrically bendable endoscope
JP2003010101A (en) 2001-04-27 2003-01-14 Fuji Photo Film Co Ltd Imaging method and device of endoscope system
JP3720727B2 (en) 2001-05-07 2005-11-30 オリンパス株式会社 The endoscope shape detecting apparatus
JP3081670U (en) * 2001-05-11 2001-11-16 松田医科株式会社 Scope and trocar fixation device
EP1395306B1 (en) 2001-05-21 2006-05-31 Medtronic, Inc. Malleable elongated medical device
US6808491B2 (en) 2001-05-21 2004-10-26 Syntheon, Llc Methods and apparatus for on-endoscope instruments having end effectors and combinations of on-endoscope and through-endoscope instruments
JP2002345733A (en) 2001-05-29 2002-12-03 Fuji Photo Film Co Ltd Imaging device
JP4172922B2 (en) 2001-05-30 2008-10-29 Hoya株式会社 Usage recording method of an electronic endoscope system and an electronic endoscope system
US6943966B2 (en) 2001-06-04 2005-09-13 Olympus Corporation Optical component and image pick-up device using the same
US6966906B2 (en) 2001-06-08 2005-11-22 Joe Denton Brown Deflection mechanism for a surgical instrument, such as a laser delivery device and/or endoscope, and method of use
JP4338337B2 (en) * 2001-06-15 2009-10-07 Hoya株式会社 Videoscope of an electronic endoscope apparatus and an electronic endoscope apparatus which performs color adjustment processing
US6716226B2 (en) 2001-06-25 2004-04-06 Inscope Development, Llc Surgical clip
US6967673B2 (en) * 2001-06-26 2005-11-22 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope system with color-balance alteration process
US6817974B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2004-11-16 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Surgical tool having positively positionable tendon-actuated multi-disk wrist joint
US6976954B2 (en) * 2001-06-29 2005-12-20 Pentax Corporation Endoscope system
US7033316B2 (en) 2001-07-06 2006-04-25 Pentax Corporation Endoscope system
US20030117491A1 (en) 2001-07-26 2003-06-26 Dov Avni Apparatus and method for controlling illumination in an in-vivo imaging device
US6614969B2 (en) 2001-07-26 2003-09-02 The Ludlow Company, Lp High speed electronic remote medical imaging system and method
US6951536B2 (en) 2001-07-30 2005-10-04 Olympus Corporation Capsule-type medical device and medical system
US6745065B2 (en) 2001-08-02 2004-06-01 Olympus Corporation Endoscope apparatus
US7347817B2 (en) 2001-08-02 2008-03-25 Given Imaging Ltd. Polarized in vivo imaging device, system and method
US6749601B2 (en) 2001-08-03 2004-06-15 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Protective sleeve for an endoscopic instrument and related method of use
US6916286B2 (en) 2001-08-09 2005-07-12 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Endoscope with imaging probe
US6627333B2 (en) 2001-08-15 2003-09-30 Eastman Kodak Company White organic light-emitting devices with improved efficiency
US20030036031A1 (en) 2001-08-20 2003-02-20 Lieb Joseph Alexander Light-emitting handpiece for curing photopolymerizable resins
US6776765B2 (en) 2001-08-21 2004-08-17 Synovis Life Technologies, Inc. Steerable stylet
US6749561B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2004-06-15 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Autofocusing endoscopic system
EP1419102A2 (en) 2001-08-24 2004-05-19 Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung Method for producing micro-electromechanical components
CN101714516A (en) 2001-08-24 2010-05-26 肖特股份公司 Process for making contact with and housing integrated circuits
US6758807B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-07-06 Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd. Electronic endoscope with power scaling function
GB2369730B (en) * 2001-08-30 2002-11-13 Integrated Syst Tech Ltd Illumination control system
JP2003075113A (en) 2001-08-30 2003-03-12 Seiko Epson Corp Mark detection method and device and lens alignment method and device
JP3869692B2 (en) 2001-09-03 2007-01-17 ペンタックス株式会社 An electronic endoscope apparatus and an electronic endoscope system
US6793622B2 (en) 2001-09-05 2004-09-21 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Electric bending endoscope
US6728599B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2004-04-27 Computer Motion, Inc. Modularity system for computer assisted surgery
US6764441B2 (en) * 2001-09-17 2004-07-20 Case Western Reserve University Peristaltically self-propelled endoscopic device
JP2003098435A (en) * 2001-09-21 2003-04-03 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Zoom optical system
JP2003107370A (en) * 2001-09-27 2003-04-09 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Manufacturing method of tip optical component of endoscope
US6977670B2 (en) * 2001-09-28 2005-12-20 Pentax Corporation Method and apparatus for selective registration of endoscopes with database
US6980227B2 (en) * 2001-10-01 2005-12-27 Pentax Corporation Electronic endoscope with light-amount adjustment apparatus
US20030161105A1 (en) 2001-10-04 2003-08-28 Vijay Kataria Thermal dissipation assembly for electronic components
US6835173B2 (en) 2001-10-05 2004-12-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Robotic endoscope
JP3869698B2 (en) 2001-10-23 2007-01-17 ペンタックス株式会社 Electronic endoscope apparatus
JP2003135381A (en) 2001-10-31 2003-05-13 Machida Endscope Co Ltd Curved tube and its manufacturing method
US6682493B2 (en) * 2001-12-03 2004-01-27 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. High torque guidewire
US7169167B2 (en) * 2001-12-04 2007-01-30 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Endoscopic apparatus and method
JP4159282B2 (en) 2001-12-10 2008-10-01 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope apparatus
US6898086B2 (en) 2001-12-14 2005-05-24 Pentax Corporation PCB structure for scope unit of electronic endoscope
JP2003188489A (en) 2001-12-14 2003-07-04 Pentax Corp Substrate structure for electronic scope
US7520853B2 (en) * 2001-12-28 2009-04-21 Karl Storz Imaging, Inc. Updateable endoscopic video imaging system
US6960161B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2005-11-01 Karl Storz Imaging Inc. Unified electrical and illumination cable for endoscopic video imaging system
US6873868B2 (en) 2001-12-31 2005-03-29 Infraredx, Inc. Multi-fiber catheter probe arrangement for tissue analysis or treatment
US6480389B1 (en) * 2002-01-04 2002-11-12 Opto Tech Corporation Heat dissipation structure for solid-state light emitting device package
US6740030B2 (en) 2002-01-04 2004-05-25 Vision Sciences, Inc. Endoscope assemblies having working channels with reduced bending and stretching resistance
US6907298B2 (en) 2002-01-09 2005-06-14 Medtronic, Inc. Method and apparatus for imparting curves in implantable elongated medical instruments
US7218340B2 (en) 2002-01-25 2007-05-15 Pentax Corporation Video-scope in electronic endoscope apparatus
US7024573B2 (en) * 2002-02-05 2006-04-04 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for cooling heat generating components
EP1335225B1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2006-11-29 Karl Storz GmbH & Co. KG Spacer for lens system
US20040116800A1 (en) 2002-02-19 2004-06-17 Helfer Jeffrey L. Magnetic resonance imaging capable catheter assembly
DE60301284D1 (en) 2002-02-25 2005-09-22 Olympus Corp Tokio Tokyo An endoscope with cooling means
JP4197877B2 (en) 2002-02-25 2008-12-17 オリンパス株式会社 Electric bending endoscope device and calibration method
DE10209124A1 (en) 2002-03-01 2003-10-16 Wolf Gmbh Richard Purge valve for an endoscope
US7211037B2 (en) 2002-03-04 2007-05-01 Therakos, Inc. Apparatus for the continuous separation of biological fluids into components and method of using same
WO2003075979A3 (en) 2002-03-06 2003-12-11 James S Simon Chemiluminescently illuminated medical appliances
DE10209986B4 (en) 2002-03-07 2004-07-29 Stm Medizintechnik Starnberg Gmbh An endoscope shaft having a movable end portion
US7289139B2 (en) 2002-03-12 2007-10-30 Karl Storz Imaging, Inc. Endoscope reader
EP1524932A2 (en) 2002-03-18 2005-04-27 Optim, Inc. Charging a client for the use of a reusable instrument
US6774624B2 (en) * 2002-03-27 2004-08-10 Ge Medical Systems Global Technology Company, Llc Magnetic tracking system
US6711426B2 (en) 2002-04-09 2004-03-23 Spectros Corporation Spectroscopy illuminator with improved delivery efficiency for high optical density and reduced thermal load
JP4131011B2 (en) * 2002-04-09 2008-08-13 Hoya株式会社 Endoscope beak treatment tool
US7156306B1 (en) 2002-04-22 2007-01-02 Kenney John A Computer operation control and item selection and vending methods and systems
US6830545B2 (en) 2002-05-13 2004-12-14 Everest Vit Tube gripper integral with controller for endoscope of borescope
US20040073177A1 (en) 2002-05-16 2004-04-15 Scott Laboratories, Inc. Kits of medical supplies for sedation and analgesia
JP2004049891A (en) 2002-05-29 2004-02-19 Olympus Corp Endoscope apparatus
JP2003348454A (en) 2002-05-30 2003-12-05 Yokogawa Electric Corp Camera system
US6783491B2 (en) 2002-06-13 2004-08-31 Vahid Saadat Shape lockable apparatus and method for advancing an instrument through unsupported anatomy
US20040193016A1 (en) 2002-06-17 2004-09-30 Thomas Root Endoscopic delivery system for the non-destructive testing and evaluation of remote flaws
EP1532662A2 (en) * 2002-06-26 2005-05-25 Innovations in Optics, Inc. Scanning light source system
JP2004029554A (en) 2002-06-27 2004-01-29 Olympus Corp Image pickup lens unit and image pickup device
JP2004088713A (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-03-18 Olympus Corp Image pickup lens unit and image pickup device
US6871993B2 (en) * 2002-07-01 2005-03-29 Accu-Sort Systems, Inc. Integrating LED illumination system for machine vision systems
US8100552B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2012-01-24 Yechezkal Evan Spero Multiple light-source illuminating system
US6824539B2 (en) 2002-08-02 2004-11-30 Storz Endoskop Produktions Gmbh Touchscreen controlling medical equipment from multiple manufacturers
US6863668B2 (en) 2002-08-16 2005-03-08 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Articulation mechanism for medical devices
US6892090B2 (en) 2002-08-19 2005-05-10 Surgical Navigation Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for virtual endoscopy
US7144748B2 (en) * 2002-08-26 2006-12-05 Onscreen Technologies Electronic assembly/system with reduced cost, mass, and volume and increased efficiency and power density
JP4169549B2 (en) 2002-09-06 2008-10-22 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope
US7223230B2 (en) 2002-09-06 2007-05-29 C. R. Bard, Inc. External endoscopic accessory control system
DE20213926U1 (en) 2002-09-10 2002-10-31 Winter & Ibe Olympus endoscope optics
US7214183B2 (en) 2002-09-13 2007-05-08 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Endoscope apparatus having an insertion channel
JP4323149B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2009-09-02 オリンパス株式会社 Electric bending endoscope
JP4323150B2 (en) * 2002-09-30 2009-09-02 オリンパス株式会社 Electric bending endoscope
JP4311994B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2009-08-12 オリンパス株式会社 Electric bending endoscope
JP4200731B2 (en) 2002-10-23 2008-12-24 フジノン株式会社 Forceps plug of the endoscope
DE60330335D1 (en) 2002-10-29 2010-01-14 Olympus Corp Endoscope information processor and processing method
DE10254685A1 (en) 2002-11-22 2004-06-03 Roche Diagnostics Gmbh Measuring device for optical inspection of a test element
US6962564B2 (en) * 2002-12-02 2005-11-08 Hickle Randall S Systems and methods for providing gastrointestinal pain management
US6866678B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2005-03-15 Interbational Technology Center Phototherapeutic treatment methods and apparatus
US7538761B2 (en) * 2002-12-12 2009-05-26 Olympus Corporation Information processor
US7037290B2 (en) 2002-12-16 2006-05-02 Medtronic, Inc. Multi-lumen steerable catheter
US7101361B2 (en) 2002-12-16 2006-09-05 Medtronics, Inc. Steerable medical device having means for imparting curves in the device and in elongated implantable medical instruments
US20040118437A1 (en) 2002-12-23 2004-06-24 Nguyen Nick Ngoc Method of detecting flow in endoscope channels
US6964501B2 (en) 2002-12-24 2005-11-15 Altman Stage Lighting Co., Ltd. Peltier-cooled LED lighting assembly
US20040186349A1 (en) 2002-12-24 2004-09-23 Usgi Medical Corp. Apparatus and methods for achieving endoluminal access
US6908427B2 (en) 2002-12-30 2005-06-21 PARÉ Surgical, Inc. Flexible endoscope capsule
US20040186350A1 (en) 2003-01-13 2004-09-23 Usgi Medical Corp. Apparatus and methods for guiding an endoscope via a rigidizable wire guide
US7637905B2 (en) * 2003-01-15 2009-12-29 Usgi Medical, Inc. Endoluminal tool deployment system
US20040225186A1 (en) 2003-01-29 2004-11-11 Horne Guy E. Composite flexible endoscope insertion shaft with tubular substructure
US6908307B2 (en) 2003-02-03 2005-06-21 Schick Technologies Dental camera utilizing multiple lenses
JP2004251779A (en) 2003-02-20 2004-09-09 Fuji Photo Optical Co Ltd Three-dimensional shape detector for long flexible member
US7120502B2 (en) 2003-02-21 2006-10-10 Medtronic, Inc. Shaft constructions for a medical device
US6902299B2 (en) * 2003-02-27 2005-06-07 Cantronic Systems Inc. Long distance illuminator
JP2004275360A (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-10-07 Olympus Corp Endoscope system
JP2004275542A (en) 2003-03-17 2004-10-07 Olympus Corp Capsule type endoscope
US20040252188A1 (en) 2003-03-21 2004-12-16 Stantchev Gueorgui H. Methods and apparatus for imaging
US20060041188A1 (en) 2003-03-25 2006-02-23 Dirusso Carlo A Flexible endoscope
US7105000B2 (en) 2003-03-25 2006-09-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical jaw assembly with increased mechanical advantage
US7204615B2 (en) * 2003-03-31 2007-04-17 Lumination Llc LED light with active cooling
US7591783B2 (en) 2003-04-01 2009-09-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Articulation joint for video endoscope
US20040199052A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-10-07 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Endoscopic imaging system
US6949884B2 (en) 2003-04-07 2005-09-27 Au Optronics Corp. Method for driving organic light emitting diodes and related circuit
US20050003103A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2005-01-06 Krupa Robert J. Method for embedding a marking substance in a device such as an insertion tube
EP1620012B1 (en) 2003-05-01 2012-04-18 Given Imaging Ltd. Panoramic field of view imaging device
US6943946B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2005-09-13 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Multiple aperture imaging system
JP4229754B2 (en) * 2003-05-15 2009-02-25 オリンパス株式会社 An objective lens and an endoscope using the same
US7090637B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2006-08-15 Novare Surgical Systems, Inc. Articulating mechanism for remote manipulation of a surgical or diagnostic tool
US7410483B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2008-08-12 Novare Surgical Systems, Inc. Hand-actuated device for remote manipulation of a grasping tool
JP4245985B2 (en) * 2003-05-30 2009-04-02 オリンパス株式会社 Endoscope objective lens
JP4383107B2 (en) 2003-07-04 2009-12-16 オリンパス株式会社 The objective optical system
US20050015072A1 (en) 2003-07-15 2005-01-20 Medtronic, Inc. Cannula having buckle resistant apertures
US20050030754A1 (en) * 2003-08-07 2005-02-10 Licht Harold Jay Systems, devices, and methods for mounting a light emitting diode
US7153259B2 (en) 2003-09-01 2006-12-26 Olympus Corporation Capsule type endoscope
JP2005074031A (en) 2003-09-01 2005-03-24 Pentax Corp Capsule endoscope
DE602004018665D1 (en) 2003-09-02 2009-02-05 Abbott Lab Delivery system for a medical device
US7540845B2 (en) 2003-09-05 2009-06-02 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc Medical device coil
WO2005023082A3 (en) 2003-09-09 2005-11-17 Image In Ltd Endoscope
WO2005031436A1 (en) 2003-09-26 2005-04-07 Tidal Photonics, Inc. Apparatus and methods relating to expanded dynamic range imaging endoscope systems