US20090192495A1 - Structure for use as part of a medical device - Google Patents

Structure for use as part of a medical device Download PDF

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Publication number
US20090192495A1
US20090192495A1 US12358624 US35862409A US2009192495A1 US 20090192495 A1 US20090192495 A1 US 20090192495A1 US 12358624 US12358624 US 12358624 US 35862409 A US35862409 A US 35862409A US 2009192495 A1 US2009192495 A1 US 2009192495A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
structure
inner member
sleeve
comprises
pull wire
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US12358624
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US9462932B2 (en )
Inventor
Isaac Ostrovsky
Ty Fairneny
Josef Slanda
Jessica Hixon
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Boston Scientific Scimed Inc
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Boston Scientific Scimed Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0133Tip steering devices
    • A61M25/0147Tip steering devices with movable mechanical means, e.g. pull wires
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/005Flexible endoscopes
    • A61B1/0051Flexible endoscopes with controlled bending of insertion part
    • A61B1/0055Constructional details of insertion parts, e.g. vertebral elements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/005Flexible endoscopes
    • A61B1/0051Flexible endoscopes with controlled bending of insertion part
    • A61B1/0057Constructional details of force transmission elements, e.g. control wires
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0009Making of catheters or other medical or surgical tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0043Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0133Tip steering devices
    • A61M25/0138Tip steering devices having flexible regions as a result of weakened outer material, e.g. slots, slits, cuts, joints or coils
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0043Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features
    • A61M2025/0059Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features having means for preventing the catheter, sheath or lumens from collapsing due to outer forces, e.g. compressing forces, or caused by twisting or kinking
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0133Tip steering devices
    • A61M25/0147Tip steering devices with movable mechanical means, e.g. pull wires
    • A61M2025/015Details of the distal fixation of the movable mechanical means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0133Tip steering devices
    • A61M2025/0161Tip steering devices wherein the distal tips have two or more deflection regions

Abstract

The present invention generally relates to an articulating structure for use as at least part of a medical device. In one aspect, the invention features an articulating structure comprising an inner member, a sleeve, a pull wire, and an outer member. The inner member defines at least one channel on the outer surface of the inner member, the at least one channel extending along a length of the inner member. The inner member further defines at least one lumen extending through the inner member. The sleeve is disposed in the at least one channel. The pull wire extends within a lumen of the sleeve. The outer member is disposed over the inner member and defines a lumen through which the inner member extends.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED CASES
  • This application claims priority to, and the benefit of Provisional U.S. Patent Application Ser. No. 61/023,235, filed Jan. 24, 2008, the entirety of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention generally relates to an articulating structure for use during a medical procedure.
  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • Medical devices are commonly used to access remote regions of the body to deliver diagnostic or therapeutic agents to those regions and to perform surgical procedures on those regions. For example, endoscopes may use body airways and canals to access the colon, esophagus, stomach, urethra, bladder, ureter, kidneys, lungs, bronchi, uterus, and other organs. Catheters may use the circulatory system as pathways to access treatment sites near the heart or may use the urinary canal to access urinary regions.
  • Medical devices are often introduced into the body through a large artery such as those found in the groin or in the neck. The devices are often passed through ever-narrower arteries until they can reach the operative site inside the body. Many such pathways may curve, loop around, and even wind back. In order to navigate the medical device through the pathways to the operative site, the medical device must be flexible to allowing bending, yet have enough column strength to prevent buckling of the medical device as it is pushed. Pull wires incorporated into the medical device can be used to articulate a distal end of the device.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention generally relates to an articulating structure for use as at least part of a medical device.
  • In one aspect, the invention features an articulating structure comprising an inner member, a sleeve, a pull wire, and an outer member. The inner member defines at least one channel on the outer surface of the inner member. The at least one channel extends along a length of the inner member. The inner member further defines at least one lumen extending through the inner member. The sleeve is disposed in the at least one channel. The pull wire extends within a lumen of the sleeve. The outer member is disposed over the inner member and defines a lumen through which the inner member extends. This structure is designed to be less expensive and less complex than any known pull wire guide arrangement used in or with articulating structures.
  • According to one exemplary embodiment of the present invention, an articulating structure for use as at least part of a medical device includes an inner member defining at least one channel on its outer surface that extends along a length of the inner member. The inner member also defines at least one lumen extending through the inner member and can be made of a plastic material such as silicone or pebax. A sleeve is disposed in the channel. The sleeve can be a plurality of woven strings made from polytetrafluoroethylene or one or more aramid fibers, or the sleeve could be a wound element. The structure includes a pull wire extending within a lumen of the sleeve. The pull wire can be flat or round and made from a material such as stainless steel. The structure also includes an outer member disposed over the inner member and defines a lumen through which the inner member extends. The outer member can be a cut metal tube, a wound element, or flexible plastic.
  • In another aspect of the invention, the structure further includes a plurality of channels and a plurality of pull wires, and each pull wire is seated in a different one of the channels. The pull wires can have a distal end that is bent to secure it at its distal end of the structure. The structure can also include an outer sheath disposed over the outer member.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • For a more complete understanding of the nature and operation of various embodiments according to the invention, reference is made to the drawings briefly described below and also to the description that follows this brief description of the drawings. The same or similar reference numbers in the drawings generally denote the same or similar elements of the various disclosed embodiments. The drawings are not necessarily to scale, emphasis instead generally being placed on conveying certain concepts and aspects according to the invention.
  • FIG. 1A is a diagram of a tube structure with a left and a right pull wire attached to the distal end of the tube structure, but not attached to the inner surface of the tube structure.
  • FIG. 1B is a diagram of a tube structure with a left and a right pull wire attached to the distal end of the tube structure and portraying how the tube structure bends when the right pull wire is initially pulled and the left pull wire is subsequently pulled, when neither pull wire is attached to the inner surface of the tube structure.
  • FIG. 2 is a diagram of a tube structure with a left and a right pull wire attached longitudinally along the inner surface of the tube structure as well as at the distal end of the tube structure. The diagram portrays how the tube structure bends when the right pull wire is initially pulled and the left pull wire is subsequently pulled.
  • FIG. 3A is a diagram depicting the inner member of the articulating structure with channels, sleeves, and pull wires.
  • FIG. 3B is a diagram depicting the articulating structure, including the outer member.
  • FIG. 3C is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the articulating structure including a distal end attaching tip.
  • FIG. 4A is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the articulating structure, wherein the sleeve is a wound flat wire element.
  • FIG. 4B is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the articulating structure, wherein the sleeve is a wound round, oval, or elliptical wire element.
  • FIG. 5A is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the outer member, wherein the outer member is a cut metal tube.
  • FIG. 5B is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the outer member, wherein the outer member is a wound element.
  • FIG. 5C is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the outer member, wherein the outer member is a flexible plastic tube.
  • FIG. 6A is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the articulating structure, wherein the outer member is a cut metal tube.
  • FIG. 6B is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the articulating structure, wherein the outer member is a wound element.
  • FIG. 6C is a diagram depicting an embodiment of the articulating structure, wherein the outer member is a flexible plastic tube.
  • DESCRIPTION
  • FIG. 1A shows a tube structure 100 with slots 102 cut into the tube to promote bending and with two pull wires 104L and 104R attached to the distal end 106 of the tube structure 100, but not attached to the inner surface of the tube structure 100. The pull wires 104L and 104R extend longitudinally 108 along the inner surface 101 of the structure 100, on the left side and the right of the structure, respectively. The structure 100 will bend when one of the pull wires is pulled, which applies a force to the distal end of the structure 106 at the attachment point of the pull wire with the tube structure. The direction of bending depends on which pull wire is initially pulled. For example, when the right pull wire 104R is pulled 110, a force 111 is applied in a longitudinal direction on the right side of the distal end 112 of the tube structure 100, causing the structure to collapse 116 at the slot regions 114 along the right side of the structure, and expand 118 at the slot regions 114 along the left side of the structure. In this orientation, the left pull wire 104L shifts from its initial position along the left inner surface, to a position along the right inner surface 113 of the tube structure 100, as shown in FIG. 1B. When the left pull wire 104L is subsequently pulled 120 in this orientation, a force 122 is applied to the left distal end 121 of the tube structure 100, but because the left pull wire is in contact with the right inner surface 113, the force 122 tends to further bend the tube structure to the right (the initial direction) as shown in FIG. 1B. The term proximal and distal require a point of reference. In this application, the point of reference is the perspective of the user. Therefore, the term proximal will always refer to an area closest to the user, whereas distal will always refer to an area away from the user.
  • FIG. 2 shows the same tube structure but now with each of the pull wires attached longitudinally 200L and 200R along the inner surface 101 of the structure 100, in addition to being attached at the distal end 106 of the tube structure 100. The attachment of the pull wires to the inner surface 101 can be continuous along the length of the inner surface 101 or attachment points can be spaced along the inner surface. As described above, when the right pull wire 104R is pulled 110, the structure 100 bends to the right as shown. However, because the left pull wire 104L is held in place along the left inner surface 101 of the structure, when the left pull wire 104L is subsequently pulled 120, it applies a force 222 along the left inner surface of the structure and, thus, the structure tends to bend to the left. In this way, the pull wires in FIG. 2 can independently control the direction of bending of the tube structure and thus pull wires have superior control characteristics over the pull wires shown FIGS. 1A and 1B.
  • In one aspect, the invention is directed to an articulating structure 300 for use as at least part of a medical device comprising an inner member 302, a sleeve 306, a pull wire 304, and an outer member 308, as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B. The medical device may be an endoscope or a catheter, for example. The structure 300 is designed to hold the pull wires in place and to be less expensive and less complex than any known pull wire guide arrangement used in articulating structures.
  • The inner member 302 defines at least one channel 322 on its outer surface 320. The at least one channel 322 extends along a length 324 of the inner member 302. The inner member 302 also defines at least one lumen 330 extending through the inner member 302. Medical instruments may be disposed in the at least one lumen 330. Other devices may be disposed in the at least one lumen 330, such as wires for carrying electronic signals from a camera at the distal end of the medical device to an imaging unit.
  • In one embodiment, the inner member 302 is a very flexible element. It can be formed of plastic, for example, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a polyether block amide such as Pebax® (a thermoplastic elastomer that retains its physical properties over a wide temperature range of about −40 to +80 degrees Celsius) or the like, silicone, co-polymers, and other polymers. And, it can be created using an extrusion process or a molding process, for example.
  • The sleeve 306 is disposed in one of the channels 322. The sleeve 306 must be strong enough to withstand interaction with the pull wire 304, yet be flexible enough to accommodate stretching and compression of the structure 300. The sleeve 306 must also prevent the pull wire 304 from damaging the flexible inner member 302.
  • In one embodiment, the sleeve 306 can be comprised of a plurality of woven strings. In a further embodiment, the woven strings can be made of a high strength polymer such as Kevlar® (an aramid fiber or yarn) or they can be made of a polytetrafluoroethylene, such as Teflon®. In still another embodiment, the sleeve 306 is a wound element 400.
  • In one embodiment of the sleeve, the element is a flat wire 402 as shown in FIG. 4A. In another embodiment, the element is a round wire 404 as shown in FIG. 4B, or it could be oval or elliptical in cross section, for example.
  • The pull wire 304 extends within a lumen 307 of the sleeve 306. The pull wire is held in place along the outer surface 320 of the inner member 302 by the sleeve 306 disposed in the channel 322. Pulling on the pull wire 304 tends to bend the structure 300 as shown in FIG. 2 and explained above for the tube structure 100 and pull wires 104L and 104R. Because the articulating structure 300 of the invention includes pull wires 304 held in place longitudinally along the outer surface 320 of the inner member 302, each pull wire 304 can maintain independent control over the direction of bending of the articulating structure 300. Thus, as shown in FIG. 2, initially pulling a right pull wire of the structure 300 will tend to bend the structure 300 to the right, and subsequent pulling a left pull wire of the structure 300 will tend to bend the structure to the left.
  • In one embodiment, the pull wire 304 may be comprised of stainless steel. The pull wire 304 may be fastened to the distal end 350 of the structure 300 by securing it to the outer member 308 using solder or epoxy 370. In one embodiment, the pull wire 304 has a bent distal end or tip 360 to attach and secure that distal end of the pull wire 304 to the distal end 350 of the structure 300.
  • The outer member 308 must be flexible enough to permit traversal of the structure 300 through body pathways to the operative site, yet provide enough column strength to prevent buckling of the structure 300 it is pushed and controlled with the pull wires 304. In one embodiment shown in FIG. 5A, the outer member is a cut metal tube 500. For example, the cut metal tube can be comprised of a series of opposing cut slots 502 extending longitudinally along a length of the structure. The slots promote bending of the structure by collapsing or expanding the outer member at the slot regions in response to a force applied to the pull wire. In another embodiment shown in FIG. 5B, the outer member is a would element 510. In still another embodiment shown in FIG. 5C, the outer member is a flexible plastic 520. FIGS. 6A, 6B, and 6C show the articulating structure wherein the outer member is a cut metal tube 500, a wound element 510, and a flexible plastic 520, respectively.
  • In one embodiment, the structure 300 further comprises an outer sheath disposed over the outer member 308. The outer sheath can be made of, or alternatively can have a coating of, a hydrophobic or a lubricious material that makes it “slippery” on its surface(s) such as, for example, Teflon® (a waxy, opaque material), or the like. The outer sheath can be heat shrunk over the outer member 308 into tight engagement with the outer member and the overall structure 300. The outer sheath can be secured to the outer member with an adhesive applied on the outer surface of the outer member or at various affixation points on the outer surface of the outer member. The adhesive can be a thermoplastic adhesive that softens at the temperature necessary to heat shrink the outer sheath.
  • FIGS. 3A and 3B show an embodiment of the articulating structure 300 with four channels 322, four sleeves 306 disposed in the channels, and four pull wires 304 extending through the sleeve lumens 307, however, any number of corresponding channels, sleeves, and pull wires may be used, for example, 1, 2, 3, 4, etc.
  • The articulating structure 300 for use as at least part of a medical device can be manufactured any number of ways. For example, the inner member 302 can be extruded or molded with channels formed along the outer surface 320 of the inner member to hold the sleeves 306. The inner member can be inserted into the outer member 308. The pull wires 304 can be inserted into the protective sleeves 306. The sleeve-pull wire assembly can be inserted into channels of the inner member 302 and secured to the distal end of the articulating structure.
  • Alternatively, the protective sleeve and pull wires can be preloaded into the outer member along the inner surface of the outer member. The inner member can be injected into the outer member and allowed to dry, thereby holding the sleeves in place along the outer surface of the injected inner member.
  • Articulating structures according to the invention have a variety of advantages over known structures. The articulating structure is relatively inexpensive to manufacture compared to other structures comprised of complex assemblies for securing pull wires and for controlling articulating tips with the pull wires. The articulating structure can include any number of pull wires, depending on the needs of the medical application, and each pull wire can independently control the direction of movement of the articulating structure, thus making the structure highly adaptive to tortuous body pathways.
  • While certain embodiments according to the invention are shown and described, other embodiments are within the scope of this disclosure and are considered to be part hereof. The invention is not to be limited just to certain embodiments shown and/or described.

Claims (15)

  1. 1. An articulating structure for use as at least part of a medical device, comprising:
    an inner member defining at least one channel on its outer surface that extends along a length of the inner member, the inner member also defining at least one lumen extending through the inner member;
    a sleeve disposed in the channel;
    a pull wire extending within a lumen of the sleeve; and
    an outer member disposed over the inner member, the outer member defining a lumen through which the inner member extends.
  2. 2. The structure of claim 1 wherein the inner member comprises plastic.
  3. 3. The structure of claim 2 wherein the plastic comprises silicone or pebax.
  4. 4. The structure of claim 1 wherein the sleeve comprises a plurality of woven strings.
  5. 5. The structure of claim 4 wherein the woven strings comprise polytetrafluoroethylene or one or more aramid fibers.
  6. 6. The structure of claim 1 wherein the sleeve comprises a wound element.
  7. 7. The structure of claim 6 wherein the element comprises a flat wire or a round wire.
  8. 8. The structure of claim 1 wherein the pull wire comprises stainless steel.
  9. 9. The structure of claim 1 wherein the outer member comprises a cut metal tube.
  10. 10. The structure of claim 1 wherein the outer member comprises a wound element.
  11. 11. The structure of claim 1 wherein the outer member comprises a flexible plastic.
  12. 12. The structure of claim 1 further comprising a plurality of the at least one channel and a plurality of pull wires, and each pull wire is seated in a different one of the channels.
  13. 13. The structure of claim 12 comprising at least four channels and at least four pull wires.
  14. 14. The structure of claim 1 wherein the pull wire further comprises a distal end that is bent to secure it at its distal end.
  15. 15. The structure of claim 1 further comprising an outer sheath disposed over the outer member.
US12358624 2008-01-24 2009-01-23 Structure for use as part of a medical device Active 2031-09-08 US9462932B2 (en)

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US2323508 true 2008-01-24 2008-01-24
US12358624 US9462932B2 (en) 2008-01-24 2009-01-23 Structure for use as part of a medical device

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US12358624 US9462932B2 (en) 2008-01-24 2009-01-23 Structure for use as part of a medical device
US15270881 US20170007803A1 (en) 2008-01-24 2016-09-20 Structure for use as part of a medical device

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US20100318067A1 (en) * 2009-06-11 2010-12-16 St. Jude Medical Puerto Rico Llc Apparatus and methods for catheter steerability
US20110106055A1 (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-05 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Flexible endoscope with modifiable stiffness
US8685003B2 (en) 2011-03-29 2014-04-01 Covidien Lp Dual cable triangulation mechanism
US8845517B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2014-09-30 Covidien Lp Triangulation mechanism for a minimally invasive surgical device
US20140330164A1 (en) * 2013-05-01 2014-11-06 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Endoscopic treatment tool
US8968187B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2015-03-03 Covidien Lp Articulating laparoscopic surgical access instrument
US9017314B2 (en) 2011-06-01 2015-04-28 Covidien Lp Surgical articulation assembly
US20150202410A1 (en) * 2012-08-16 2015-07-23 Cath Med Ltd. Apparatuses for steering catheters
WO2015151093A1 (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-10-08 Human Extensions Ltd. Steerable medical device
US9179933B2 (en) 2011-03-29 2015-11-10 Covidien Lp Gear driven triangulation
US9381010B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2016-07-05 Covidien Lp Surgical instrument with adapter for facilitating multi-direction end effector articulation
US20160256230A1 (en) * 2013-10-25 2016-09-08 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible instrument with grooved steerable tube
WO2016195861A1 (en) * 2015-05-29 2016-12-08 Medtronic Xomed, Inc. Inner tubular member for angled rotary surgical instrument
CN106236003A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-21 辜春霖 Split electronic video endoscope
WO2017031413A1 (en) * 2015-08-20 2017-02-23 Walterspiel Juan Endotracheal tube with traction string to facilitate intubation
CN107440668A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-12-08 敦朴光电(东莞)有限公司 Endoscope and insert tube thereof

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CN103085083B (en) * 2013-01-07 2015-06-24 汪雯 Flexible continuous body mechanical structure capable of bending and stretching
US10080576B2 (en) * 2013-03-08 2018-09-25 Auris Health, Inc. Method, apparatus, and a system for facilitating bending of an instrument in a surgical or medical robotic environment
US20140261841A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-18 Robert Bosch Gmbh Kink resistant hose system with coil layer and method of manufacturing
US9937323B2 (en) * 2014-02-28 2018-04-10 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Deflectable catheters, systems, and methods for the visualization and treatment of bodily passages
WO2015159619A1 (en) * 2014-04-15 2015-10-22 オリンパス株式会社 Bending endoscope tube, endoscope, and method for manufacturing bending endoscope tube

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Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:OSTROVSKY, ISAAC;FAIRNENY, TY;SLANDA, JOZEF;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:022148/0126;SIGNING DATES FROM 20081218 TO 20081222

Owner name: BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC., MINNESOTA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:OSTROVSKY, ISAAC;FAIRNENY, TY;SLANDA, JOZEF;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20081218 TO 20081222;REEL/FRAME:022148/0126