CN208317681U - A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright - Google Patents

A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN208317681U
CN208317681U CN201820964445.5U CN201820964445U CN208317681U CN 208317681 U CN208317681 U CN 208317681U CN 201820964445 U CN201820964445 U CN 201820964445U CN 208317681 U CN208317681 U CN 208317681U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
reinforcing bar
grape
column
day
support columns
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201820964445.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟海霞
韩守安
张付春
唐怀君
张雯
潘明启
伍新宇
谢辉
周晓明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HORTICULTURE INSTITUTE OF XINJIANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
Original Assignee
HORTICULTURE INSTITUTE OF XINJIANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HORTICULTURE INSTITUTE OF XINJIANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE filed Critical HORTICULTURE INSTITUTE OF XINJIANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
Priority to CN201820964445.5U priority Critical patent/CN208317681U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208317681U publication Critical patent/CN208317681U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright, it is related to a kind of cultivation of fruit tree frame, to solve under existing cultivation mode, grape fruit sunscald incidence height, overwintering tedious problem.The utility model includes reinforcing bar, two iron wires and two support columns, each support column is made of column and crossbeam, the top of column is arranged in beam vertical, two support columns are arranged in parallel, reinforcing bar is horizontally set between two support columns, and the both ends of reinforcing bar are tied up respectively on corresponding column, and two iron wires are horizontally set on the top of reinforcing bar, and two iron wires are symmetricly set on the two sides of reinforcing bar, the both ends of every iron wire are tied up respectively on corresponding crossbeam.The utility model is for planting grape.

Description

A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cultivation of fruit tree framves, and in particular to a kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright.
Background technique
According to the hobby of different regions, Cultivation pattern and grower, grape posture, tree-like and leaf curtain shape are produced Many types, posture are broadly divided into two class of hedge frame and frame, and wherein hedge frame has single hedge frame, V-arrangement hedge frame etc., matched tree-like and leaf Curtain shape has the fan-shaped vertical leaf curtain of more main stems, upright single climing vertical leaf curtain, the climing vertical leaf curtain of factory's shape list etc.;Frame is divided into inclination canopy Frame, horizontal rack etc., for horizontal rack using more, matched tree-like and leaf curtain shape has the fan-shaped horizontal leaf curtain of the more main stems of tradition, list The tree-like and leaf curtain shapes such as the tree-like horizontal leaf curtain of climing tradition, the tree-like horizontal leaf curtain of Dan Man factory shape, the latter two are tree-like for main cultivation With leaf curtain shape.
1, season day bright incidence is serious in early summer for several mating tree-like and leaf curtain shape of hedge frame, according to investigations, in Xin Jiangbei Incidence of burning Red globe grape day under the boundary mode reaches 35% or more;There are also management difficulties for the mode distinguishing feature greatly, summer The amount of labour used is very big.
2, grape main producing region has used for many years, with labour's valence the tree-like horizontal leaf curtain of the climing tradition of horizontal rack list at home Lattice go up and standardized production demand be continuously improved, management difficulty is big, labor intensity is high, heavy workload, fruit quality not Problem uniform, that sunburn rate is high highlights.Through field investigation, the only every 666.67m of summer pruning recruitment2Year time-consuming 16.39h, autumn 90 ° of undercarriages need to be reversed for grape main stem by burying soil, and spring needs to reverse main stem into 90 ° of restockings again, not only large labor intensity, to grape Tree body also be easy to cause damage, and moreover, season is easily in early summer for the grape fruit which is loaded Occur to burn day, according to investigations, incidence of burning Red globe grape day under the Northern Xinjiang mode reaches 25% or more.
3, the tree-like horizontal leaf curtain of horizontal rack Dan Man factory shape is gradually developed in recent years, reduces labor intensity and management Difficulty, fruit quality get a promotion, and summer pruning recruitment is greatly decreased, through field investigation, the every 666.67m of summer pruning recruitment2 Year time-consuming 4.35h.The patent of invention that China Patent No. is 201310090870.8 discloses a kind of suitable northern grape horizontal company The method of pergola system, in the 72-78 pages of the phase of volume 33 the 5th of " agricultural research in the arid areas ", and " Pomology after this method Report " the 1134-1143 pages of the phase (author Zhang Fuchun etc.) of volume 34 the 9th successive report.With the development of production level, the tree is found There are still some problems for shape, it would be highly desirable to carry out solve and skill upgrading, such as: (1), main stem length it is longer, increase and bury native amount.Due to It is required that main stem tilts restocking, main stem requirement for height 200cm, therefore more traditional tree-like have longer requirement (spacing in the rows to main stem length When 1m, it is desirable that main stem length >=3.3m), therefore cause vine main stem huge, certain difficulty is made into local methods to burying.(2), main stem Highly (200cm) has exceeded general labour force adequate operation height, large labor intensity.(3) Portugals such as red earth in Corpping in North Xinjiang Grape kind is there are still phenomenon of burning certain day, and burn day incidence 16-20%.
Utility model content
The utility model is to solve under existing cultivation mode, and grape fruit sunscald incidence is high, overwintering tedious Problem provides a kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright.
A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright, composition include reinforcing bar, two iron wires and two support columns, often A support column is made of column and crossbeam, and the top of column is arranged in beam vertical, and two support columns are arranged in parallel, and reinforcing bar is horizontal It is arranged between two support columns, and the both ends of reinforcing bar are tied up respectively on corresponding column, two iron wires are horizontally set on steel The top of muscle, and two iron wires are symmetricly set on the two sides of reinforcing bar, the both ends of every iron wire are tied up respectively on corresponding crossbeam.
The utility model has the advantages that compared with prior art
1, the Growing season amount of labour is reduced: carrying out vinegrowing using the cultivating stand of the utility model, several branches in main stem Alternately bondage is on iron wire along length direction of main stem or so for item, and adjacent branch difference is arranged, therefore the situation that lateral distance is identical Under actual range between adjacent branch increase, facilitate artificial trimming management and picking;The adjacent branch same column in main stem side makes new Tip adnation position is in a straight line, is easy to trim management and picking.The every 666.67m of summer pruning recruitment2Year time-consuming 3.97h, Therefore, the horizontal leaf curtain management tree-like compared to horizontal rack Dan Man factory shape of the cultivating stand of the utility model is more quick time saving.
2, sunburn rate significantly reduces: using the cultivating stand arrangement grape main stem and grape branch of the utility model, so that at Grape branch after type is in " M " shape leaf curtain, is looked down above grape trellis, " M " shape leaf curtain makes grape leave be evenly distributed, sunlight Direct projection light transmission rate is lower, and scattering light transmission rate is high, and Summer in Northern Part area noon solar elevation is larger, and sunlight is hidden by branch Gear, avoids the problem that fruit ear is exposed under sunlight, and sunburn rate reduces 50% compared to existing level frame.
3, using morning and dusk sunlight, promote fruit accumulation of photosynthate: morning and dusk solar elevation are low, sunlight It is irradiated to grape fruit, promotes Chinese olive phase fruit chloroplaset photosynthesis.
4, using early autumn sunlight, promoting fruit color: grape fruit veraison in autumn, solar elevation reduces compared with summer, Sunlight is irradiated to grape fruit, promotes fruit color, improves quality.
5, reduce it is overwintering bury soil during labor intensity: using the cultivating stand of the utility model main stem bondage height is existed 150-160cm, lower to main stem length requirement, in the case of 1m spacing in the rows, main stem length horizontal leaf curtain tree-like compared with factory's shape is reduced 17.3%, before undercarriage buries soil, main stem is placed horizontally in cultivation row, main stem superposition height reduces 25% or more, and then reduces Soil soil amount is buried, labor intensity and the amount of labour are reduced.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the top view of the cultivating stand of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is that building " factory " is tree-like vertical with " M " shape leaf curtain when carrying out vinegrowing using the cultivating stand of the utility model Body figure.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment 1: illustrating that present embodiment, present embodiment are a set of cultivating stand, group in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 It is made of at including 1, two iron wire 2 of reinforcing bar and two support columns 3, each support column 3 column 3-1 and crossbeam 3-2, crossbeam 3-2 It is vertically set on the top of column 3-1, two support columns 3 are arranged in parallel, and reinforcing bar 1 is horizontally set between two support columns 3, and The both ends of reinforcing bar 1 are tied up respectively on corresponding column 3-1, and reinforcing bar 1 supports grape main stem for bondage, and two iron wires 2 are horizontal The top of reinforcing bar 1 is set, and two iron wires 2 are symmetricly set on the two sides of reinforcing bar 1, the both ends of every iron wire 2 are tied up respectively in phase On corresponding crossbeam 3-2, iron wire 2 is used to support grape young sprout (branch B).
Viticultural method is carried out using the cultivating stand of the utility model:
Step 1: the building of horizontal rack: two support columns 3 along vineyard row to setting, along vineyard row to two Horizontal granny rag 6mm reinforcing bar 1 between column 3, reinforcing bar 1 are 150cm-160cm apart from ground level h1, support grape main stem for bondage The crossbeam 3-2 length on the top A, column 3-1 is 100cm-110cm, the both ends of crossbeam 3-2 along row to 1 iron wire 2 of granny rag respectively, It is used to support grape young sprout B, every iron wire 2 is 190cm-200cm apart from ground level h2;Too according to the different regions 6-7 month Positive elevation angle, azimuth adjust the height of reinforcing bar 1 and iron wire 2 apart from ground, to ensure that fruit expanding period fruit ear is straight not by sunlight It penetrates;
Step 2: the building that " factory " word is tree-like: after the field planting of grape sapling, when cultivating tree-like, selecting and remain 1 main stem A, main stem A base portion is 30 ° -60 ° to inclination, and with ground angle α along row, and main stem A extends to after reinforcing bar 1 horizontal bondage on reinforcing bar 1, until This completes the tree-like building of " factory " word;
Step 3: the building of " M " shape leaf curtain: the branch B sprouted on main stem A inclination is pulled into iron wire 2 and bondage therewith, with The increase of branch B length, freedom that the part beyond iron wire 2 is appointed is sagging, and to be colonized line direction observation, two sides branch B is in " M " Shape.Several branch B on main stem A are along length direction of main stem or so alternating bondage on iron wire 2.Grape fruit expanding stage, just It is worth heat, strong light direct beam grape fruit ear easily makes grape fruit occur to burn day, new-tip length is retained when summer pruning can block Portugal Grape fruit ear is not advisable by noon solar exposure.
There are following relationships for the height of main stem A level height and branch B: main stem A level height determine grape fruit ear with The height relationships of branch B: when the height h1 of reinforcing bar 1 is excessively high, fruit ear light is insufficient during August-September grape annesl, coloring by It influences;When the height h1 of reinforcing bar 1 is too low, fruit ear was easy to be exposed in direct sunlight and occurred to burn day July in June-.
The trimming of branch B in step 3: each result branch B should retain 12 leaves.Due to being July in June-that grape is easy Bright period day occurs, during this period, the trimming of branch B generally with 13:00 when~15:00 when period in can block fruit Fringe is not advisable by the length of direct sunlight, and to guarantee photosynthate fair supply, usual each result branch B should retain 12 leaves Fruit ear can be blocked not by direct sunlight more than sub.

Claims (1)

1. the cultivating stand that a kind of suitable northern grape anti-day is bright, it is characterised in that: the cultivating stand includes reinforcing bar (1), two iron Silk (2) and two support columns (3), each support column (3) are made of column (3-1) and crossbeam (3-2), and crossbeam (3-2) is vertically set It sets in the top of column (3-1), two support columns (3) are arranged in parallel, and reinforcing bar (1) is horizontally set between two support columns (3), And the both ends of reinforcing bar (1) are tied up respectively on corresponding column (3-1), two iron wires (2) are horizontally set on the upper of reinforcing bar (1) Side, and two iron wires (2) are symmetricly set on the two sides of reinforcing bar (1), the both ends of every iron wire (2) are tied up respectively in corresponding crossbeam On (3-2).
CN201820964445.5U 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright Active CN208317681U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820964445.5U CN208317681U (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820964445.5U CN208317681U (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208317681U true CN208317681U (en) 2019-01-04

Family

ID=64768389

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820964445.5U Active CN208317681U (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208317681U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108651143A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-10-16 新疆农业科学院园艺作物研究所 A kind of cultivating stand and cultural method that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108651143A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-10-16 新疆农业科学院园艺作物研究所 A kind of cultivating stand and cultural method that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright
CN108651143B (en) * 2018-06-21 2024-04-12 新疆农业科学院园艺作物研究所 Cultivation method suitable for northern grape sunburn prevention

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103907498B (en) A kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system
CN103081770B (en) Shed frame pear tree shape and reshaping method thereof
CN103329774B (en) Grape cultivation method and special rack for cultivation method
CN105557448B (en) A kind of suitable soil burial winter protection area grape double flat frame and viticultural method
CN104012320B (en) The method of frame pears shaping in a kind of theatre
CN103299875B (en) V-shaped grape trellis and grape cultivation method
CN109302933B (en) Rapid cultivation and shaping method for premature high-yield tree form of kiwi fruit
CN106069558A (en) A kind of climing T-shaped of low master flat frame Fructus Vitis viniferae is tree-like and construction method
CN104472297B (en) A kind of Y word Salix babylonica L. shape apple tree form and pruning method thereof
CN105594542A (en) New method for wide and narrow row and compact planting of kiwi fruits by adopting tilting trellises
CN108651143A (en) A kind of cultivating stand and cultural method that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright
CN110178635A (en) A kind of single layer both arms factory font grape shaping methods
CN104904558B (en) Method for planting oblique horizontal long-stem pruning grape with double-layer flat canopy frame
CN208317681U (en) A kind of cultivating stand that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright
CN202503980U (en) Y-shaped support special for viticulture
CN202197624U (en) Labor-saving grape cultivation trellis
CN205408888U (en) Be fit for cultivation in north height, width, grape trellis hangs down
CN111248023B (en) Method for cultivating sunlight rose grape suitable frame shape and tree shape
CN202949791U (en) Grape vine extending frame
CN206442828U (en) A kind of high sight Fashion Y type grape trellises
CN204482558U (en) The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross
CN107148891A (en) A kind of vinifera method for planting
CN109429855B (en) Kiwi fruit planting method
CN106342650B (en) A kind of Simple rack dense planting grape is tree-like and its construction method
CN112166936A (en) V + horizontal leaf curtain greenhouse-connected grape trellis suitable for northern arid regions and cultivation method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant